TOP 5 unforgettable “Toyota” from the movie

Toyota is renowned not only for reliability and indestructibility.

Photo: Toyota Tundra, source: MotorTrend

A good many machines, but the legendary very little. These are the cars from the films that will be remembered forever. Compiled the TOP 5 unforgettable “Toyota” from the movie.

Photo: Toyota SR5, source: MotoryVolante

Back to the future

Saga Back to the future was a symbol of the 80s worldwide, becoming a box office hit at the time. Like Doc brown’s DeLorean, another memorable car was the Toyota pickup SR5, which appeared in the first two parts of the Saga.

Photo: Toyota Tundra, source: MotoryVolante

“The terminator”

Arnold Schwarzenegger played a robot from the future who was sent to become the worst nightmare of John and Sarah Connor. At that time, as a “Toyota” appeared in this apocalyptic Saga, “terminator 3: rise of the machines” reputation Tundra pushed the heads of Warner Bros. the partnership with Toyota for the execution of incredible scenes of the chase on these trucks.

Photo: Toyota 2000GT source: MotoryVolante

“James Bond”

Unforgettable cars are designed for unforgettable movies. And this applies to the Toyota 2000GT, which appears in episode 007 with Sean Connery in the lead role. This model of “Toyota” is so exclusive that the Japanese brand released a total of two machines for sale worldwide. In the future this car will inspire the design of the new Supra.

Photo: Toyota Supra MK IV, source: MotoryVolante

“Fast and furious”

Not worth much to go into the details of the legendary car, as we all remember an orange Toyota Supra MK IV, which Paul Walker drove in the first part.

Photo: Toyota 1988, source: MotoryVolante

“Toy story”

Those who remember the Pizza Planeta, remembers a delivery truck. So, this Toyota 1988.


Chemnitz, in search of a new future

“Proletarians of all countries, unite ! “ On the Brückenstrasse, it is an unavoidable reference. All the people of Chemnitz know the “Nischl “. In front of the facade adorned with the famous slogan of communism, engraved in four languages, the bronze bust of Karl Marx, the work of Russian sculptor Lev Kerbel, opened in 1971, is part of the decor.

Thirty years after the reunification, the ex-cited model of the GDR, which had been renamed Karl-Marx Stadt in may 1953, has recovered economically from the shock of the reunification. After the exodus of 25% of the population in the 1990s, the city has sought its future in the industry and subcontracting in automotive, construction machinery and information technology, an effort crowned by the installation of several large companies such as Siemens and Volkswagen. The technical university and the research institutes provide an environment conducive to innovation.

The image of a marker from the nazis

“Chemnitz had gone up the slope when the violence of the summer of 2018 are returned we paste the image of a den of nazis “, regrets Martin Bauch, a professor at the university of applied sciences. “Maybe he needed this shock to wake people up. “ Chemnitz does not forget the overheated atmosphere of the days of riots that followed the violent death of the carpenter Daniel Hillig (read the guides). On the sidewalk, at the bottom of the statue of Karl Marx, a candle and some flowers to adorn a plate sealed into the concrete with this simple inscription “Daniel H. 26.08.2018 “.

“It all started in the 1990’s “, the scientist explains Dominik Intelmann, a specialist in urban geography from the extreme right. “As in other cities of East Germany, a scene-nazi was born in Chemnitz in the Plattenbau “, these large housing complexes in precast concrete, built under the GDR. Neighborhoods immersed in a sharp break by the end of the German democratic Republic, quickly abandoned by all those who wanted to try their luck in the West.

In January 1998, Uwe Böhnhardt, Uwe Mundlos and Beate Zschäpe, the trio of the NSU (Nationalsozialistischer Untergrund), a terrorist group of extreme right-wing, found refuge in an apartment of the district, Fritz-Heckert, the last major housing construction programme of the late 1970s. The former youth club Piccolo served as the meeting point of the movement neo-nazi.

The “children after the turning point,” faced with the silence of their parents

“The lack of opportunities and violence have shaped the “Nachwendekind”, “children after the turning point, faced with the silence of their parents, put in the requirement of solder from one day to the next day all their past “, explains the writer Lukas Rietzschel, 26 years. “Some have merged in the new company. Others are left unemployed. Move from the status of citizen to that attended has been difficult to live with. I’ve seen what it did to my friends to see a world die, the widespread feeling of being on the losing side. “

After the fall of the wall, the inhabitants of these cities-dormitories were left to fend for themselves. The housing companies decided that the buildings to be demolished as part of urban redevelopment. Separation, depression, loss of landmarks. “Born to be a victim, it takes time to understand that where we live, people like us can only cash out’, sings Felix Kummer, 30 years old, born in Chemnitz, a few months before the fall of the wall, in the last album of Kratfklub. This group of rap rock local, established at the end of 2009 by five schoolmates, was performed in front of 65,000 people, in a concert against the violence of the extreme right, in September 2018.

A new creative class

Chemnitz has rapidly modernized under the leadership of the municipality. In the city centre, a new population is found in the gardens neighbourhood, the space of co-working, bio supermarkets and vegetarian restaurants. At the same time, the number of foreigners has more than doubled between 2013 and 2018, rising from 9 500 to 20 000, including 6,000 refugees. A “revolution” from the top down, which arouses mixed feelings in some part of the population.

Pro Chemnitz, the right-wing movement, created in 2009 by Martin Kohlmann, 42 years old, a lawyer and former member of the united nationalist Republikaner (Republicans), and obtained 7.7% of the votes in the municipal elections of may 2019, compared to 17.9% in the far-right party Alternative for Germany (AfD). “The people of Chemnitz did not want to share with foreigners who come to receive aid without providing their services “, loose Nico Köhler, 44 years, head of the AfD group in the municipal assembly.

The issue of foreigners in the background

“The old parties do not defend Chemnitz “, adds this former member of the CDU, the boss of a marketing agency. After claiming a confinement more strict, the extreme-right party, is paralyzed by its internal conflicts and the supervision of its radical wing by the federal Office for protection of the Constitution (BfV), attempted, without great success, to recover those criticizing the slowness of the déconfinement. “The issue of foreigners is passed to the second plan “, comments on Martin Bauch. “This is the revival of the economy and jobs that concern people at this time. “

On the Stefan Heym-Platz, the State Museum of archaeology of the Land of Saxony, installed in may 2014 in the building of a former department store, built in the 1920s, has reopened its doors on Tuesday 5 may. Three millennia, exposed in accelerated on three floors, from the time of the early hunters and gatherers there are almost 300, 000 years, until the beginning of industrialization. “People often speak badly of the city where they live, stigmatized as a nest of right-wing or a city of old, but Chemnitz has a scene with a very active group of entrepreneurs, artists, teachers and professionals of the culture, with people very engaged as the family Kummer or Lars Fassmann “, says Attila Bihari, project manager at the museum.

Involve the silent majority

Lars Fassmann, 44, founder of Chemmedia AG, a company of training online, has bought the buildings doomed to demolition in the district of Sonnenberg, in the north-east of the city centre, to put them at the disposal of artists and creative professionals. “The challenge is to act as multipliers by creating interfaces to engage the silent majority that has lost confidence in the system “, explains Ulf Kahlscheid, director of the gallery Borssenanger.

European capital of culture

“Chemnitz has experienced fractures, it has changed its name several times and the system, but it has always overcome challenges,” insists Barbara Ludwig, 58, mayor, social democratic party of the city. “We are not afraid of novelty and experimentation. The change is part of our DNA. “

In post for fourteen years, the old professor is not standing in the elections on 20 September, but it relies on the application of Chemnitz as the european capital of culture in 2025, to dissipate “the veil of prejudice “ that surrounds his city, the opportunity for a new start “open minds and create spaces “.


The trauma of August 2018

In August 2018, in Chemnitz (Saxony), far-right activists are engaged in a man hunt against refugees in the streets, in retaliation for the murder of Daniel Hillig, a German 35 years old, stabbed to death in the night from 25 to 26 August, during an altercation with asylum seekers. A series of violent demonstrations against the extreme right followed.

In a few days, this town of 240,000 inhabitants becomes the epicenter of a political crisis. Hans-Georg Maassen, the head of the domestic intelligence in germany, the federal Office for the protection of the Constitution, creates a scandal by questioning the reality of man-hunts. Given early retirement, the senior employee has joined the Union of values, a collective ultraconservateur founded in 2017 within the CDU.

A year after the fact, the German justice sentenced, on 22nd August 2019, Alaa Sheikhi, a Syrian, 24 years of age, at nine and a half years in prison. Considered as the main responsible, an Iraqi 22-year-old, on the run since a year despite an international arrest warrant, would have succeeded in returning to Iraq.


Paul Priluchny said, who comforted him after his divorce from muceniece

Paul and Agatha muceniece Priluchny got an official divorce. In an interview Youtube-project “together” the 32-year-old actor told how he has built his life after breaking up with his wife. In April, Agatha gathered her things, took the kids and moved to owned by spouses of the Moscow apartment. Paul was left alone in their suburban home. On weekends, the children visit with him, but then again they go to the mom and Priluchny there is one. According to the artist, he does not tolerate loneliness, so I tried to solve this problem. To cope with the feeling of emptiness to help him Pets.

I can’t be alone. Even when I work. I need someone walking around, talking. I have two dogs, cats, fish. I solved this problem, – said the actor.

Paul said that in his childhood scarred by tragedy – the death of his father (he died when the future actor was 13 years old). Therefore he is most afraid of loneliness. This is what prompted him to create a large family: Priluchnogo muceniece and there are two children, 7-year-old Timothy and 4-year-old MIA.

By the way, on the eve of the divorce, Agatha suddenly confessed she still loves her ex-husband and doesn’t want to hurt him. Youtube-an interview with Ksenia Sobchak 31-year-old actress, broke up with her husband because of domestic violence, said not to say bad things about him.

– I love this man, and in any case do not want to show it in a bad light. What else can you do? To kill a human being? People get lost, she said.

#detergente #degreeby

Divorce Priluchnogo and muceniece was relatively peaceful. The actor left his wife and children apartment Moscow. Custody they are divided equally: although the children live with the mother, they can see dad when he wants to.

Previously, Agata explained why their marriage has cracked. According to the actress, she and her husband no longer understand each other.

Our Alliance came to the conclusion that we need to leave. We ceased to understand each other. It does not bring as much happiness as before. For me this is – said muceniece. – He doesn’t understand me. I don’t understand it. We can’t find a common language. We decided that it would be right to go, to be normal parents for their children.

However, fans suspect that the culprit is not just mutual misunderstanding, but also the passion of Paul by alcohol. Just a few weeks after muceniece announced the divorce, she has published in Instagram shocking video. In it, the actress said that during isolation in a country house husband picked up on it hand and was brought to tears children. The quarrel between the spouses began after Priluchny, according to Agatha, drink ten days in a row.

– He brought the children to tears, he raised a hand to me, he is not adequate, – says the actress in the video with tears in his eyes. – He during a pandemic throws us out of the house. So tomorrow we’ll go to the apartment. But I can’t upload because I have no other weapons, except as publicity. Just know that here is a man Paul, you know?


Priority neighbourhood : what is the future for youth after school ?

The area of residence of high school graduates has there been an impact on their studies and their professional integration ? Clearly yes, according to a recent study by the Center for studies and research on qualifications.

The analysts have dissected the trajectories of the 19 500 young people leaving school in 2013, who lived in a priority neighbourhood of the city (social difficulties). Their conclusion ? There are strong disparities with the neighbouring districts, even in the blurring effects related to the social membership (origin, occupations of parents).

“These young people are more oriented towards the professional way : 38 % have a bac pro) and 38% bac general, compared to 23 % and 54 % for those of the other districts “, says Mélanie Vignale, coauthor of the study. The bac pro in the pocket, they are more likely to continue their studies, “no doubt to compensate for the fact of not having obtained the desired orientation “.

45 % leave the university without a degree

The only problem is that at the university, 45 % leave without a degree (compared to 29 % in other areas). “They apply to equality in BTS and license, but only a third is accepted in BTS. However, graduates of pro are less prepared at the university. “

This explains why 37 % of them are unemployed three years after training (compared to 22 % for those in the surrounding areas). Only 53 % become managers or intermediate professions (against 63 %).

“To an equivalent degree, the effect of district play at least, timer Melanie Vignale. It must therefore support these young people to make them aware of the training courses. For example, among high school graduates general, they are only 14 % to request a class, prep, against 22 % for the other districts. “


The future of Paris-Normandy is expected to play Monday 15 June

At the hearing, Tuesday, June 9, at the tribunal de commerce of Rouen, wooden / parquet floor, court administrators, the judge-commissioner and representatives of 240 employees, permanent contracts have been “unanimous “ according to the SNJ : the group Rossel “offers the best guarantees in terms of sustainability of the jobs “.

The journalists ‘ union has called for a protest Monday, June 15, before this same tribunal, which is expected to deliver in the early afternoon its decision on the two bids, which provide for the abolition of 60 posts.

Rossel, the arguments of a ” heavy weight “

“The first group of press and media French-speaking belgian “, Rossel has put forward his “size “ and its “capacity investment “ which has failed, according to him, the daily disclosure of which amounted to 41 000 copies. The belgian group shows a consolidated turnover of 505 million euros ; it has 3 740 people, and publishes over 70 titles including 14 daily newspapers. Its capital is 250 million euros.

“We are actors of the regional daily press. IPM (Information and Production of Media) is not present in France, nor in the regional press. They do not have this experience “, has added to its CEO, Bernard Marchant, who was interviewed by AFP at the exit of the court on Tuesday 9 June.

Already candidate two times, in vain, to the recovery of Paris-Normandiein 2012 and in 2017, the group owned by the family Hurbain claims the adjustments successful Courrier Picardthat it has acquired in 2009, and The Union of Reimspurchased in 2012 at Hersant Media at the same time that The Ardennes, The Flash and Release Champagne.

The written press to the four winds

Rossel also holds in equal shares with Ouest-France, the free 20 minutes. In 2019, it has also bought back the TF1 company West info, which covers images the north-west of France. According to Jean-Marie Charon, a sociologist specialized in the media, Rossel is a “a good manager “.

In 2017, the group has, however, through voluntary departures, removed 19 % of the workforce in The Voice of the North (9 % of writing) after a decline of nearly 18 % of the turnover from 2013 to 2016, related to a sharp fall in advertising revenue.

IPM is considering a “base” for future developments in France

For its part, the group of IPM explains : “For us, it is a project of very high priority. This would be the first investment in France in the field of the press, and it would make Paris-Normandie our base for developments in France “has counter-argued by its CEO François Le Hodey. MPI, which employs 342 people, achieves an annual turnover of 130 to 140 million euros, of which 30 to 40 in the press and displays eight million of own funds.

Unlike Rossel, the family group is not present only in the press, with its policy of diversification. It has invested in particular in the tourism and the betting line… We also remember that IPM was also a minority shareholder of Release, its director general Denis Pierrard being then at the head of the daily newspaper (2007 and 2008), with the mission of the recovery of the title.

IPM would Paris-Normandie at 51% while 49 % would revert to the present owner Jean-Louis Louvel, highly contested by the trade unions. The group develops skills in the digital (43 % of subscribers La Libre Belgique) and speaks to make Paris-Normandie “the journal is the most advanced on the digital plan of the French press in three to four years “.

“It is true that the digital is a big problem for the Paris-Normandy and the IPM has a skill undeniable “ in this area, confirms Jean-Marie Charon, noting, however, that Rossel was also “very very active “.

The media analyst is also concerned a “leap into the unknown on the plan editorial “, in the event of recovery by IPM. In fact, IPM wants to change the direction of the writing, contrary to Rossel. And, while Rossel would retain the ten editors of the daily, IPM does not maintain three.


The future grand dam ethiopian concerned about Egypt

While Ethiopia plans to start to fill the tank of his grand dam of the renaissance (GERD) in July, new negotiations were held, Tuesday, June 9, between the ministers of water and irrigation ethiopians, egyptians and sudanese trying to find a compromise on the speed of this filling. Ethiopia hopes to complete the operation in four to seven years. Too fast, according to Egypt, which argues in favour of a duration of twelve to 21 years of age to take the time to adapt and avoid the shortage of water.

Promote the development, risking a shortage of water

Since 2011, the super hydro-electric infrastructure of 1.8 km long and 145 metres high-is a source of tensions between the three countries. Upstream, Addis Ababa account on the dam built on the Blue Nile, which joins the White Nile in Sudan to form the Nile, to develop and bring electricity to 50 million Ethiopians.

→ TO READ. Nine years of disputes around the dam on the Nile

Downstream, The Cairo is concerned that the filling of the basin of the 74 billion cubic meters deprives it of part of its access to water. The country depends 90 % of the river for its supply of blue gold. Khartoum is the side the “position of good offices “analysis Marc Lavergne, géopolitologue and director of research at the CNRS. “Sudan has nothing against the dam because it would allow him to regulate the waters “ in the event of flooding of the river. “He tries, rather, to convince Egypt to calm down the game. “

“To preserve in the efforts” of negotiations

Since November 2019, the United States and the world Bank are pushing to get out of the impasse in which are stalled the negotiations. Without success. Following meetings held in January and February, Ethiopia has refused to sign at the beginning of march an agreement on the operation of the dam and the management of the flow of the river water.

In may, Egypt said it was willing to resume talks to find “an agreement that is fair, balanced and comprehensive “. This time, the Sudan has rejected the proposed agreement by Ethiopia claiming that “the technical and legal problems that must be addressed “. The secretary-general of the UN Antonio Guterres has urged the “three parties to persevere in their efforts to resolve peacefully any outstanding issues and reach a mutually beneficial agreement.

Three observers of the United States, the european Union and South Africa were present at the meeting, conducted by video conferencing. But for Marc Lavergne, all of the tensions around the dam are “surgonflées “. “It is in fact a race to regional primacy. Egypt is no longer an agricultural country and rural”,his need of water is also no longer as a result. “It is also a way for the president al-Sisi, unpopular, to unite the nation against a common enemy “, he continues.

Despite the tensions, there is little risk that Egypt adventure in an armed action, because “the whole world would turn against it “, concludes Marc Lavergne. Ethiopia producing electricity as early as this year, for a full operation by 2022 of this book, brought to become the largest hydroelectric dam in Africa, and for which the country has disbursed $ 4.2 billion (3.8 billion euros).


Distrust, or what turns an anti-vaccination myth into an information virus

According to WHO, in the world more than 100 different manufacturers are developing vaccines against coronavirus, six vaccines are already undergoing a clinical trial. The world seems to be waiting, but sociology is already showing that medicine will face resistance from anti-vaccinators, as well as many people sabotaging vaccines. This is confirmed by calls on social networks to avoid vaccination against COVID-19.

This happens with every new epidemic. In 2019, the measles vaccine provoked heated debate and resistance among ultra-Orthodox Christians in Jerusalem and New York – and the cause was an outbreak of this extremely contagious disease. In the same year, the anti-vaccination movement was included in the list of 10 most pressing health problems.

According to the research of the Platform and OMI (online questionnaire), about 11% of the urban population of Russia does not consider vaccinations to be mandatory.


The web discusses the beautiful daughter of Abdulov burned out of cancer

Alexandra Abdulova He died when his daughter Eugenia was only a year old: the 54-year-old actor burned out from cancer. The girl from childhood grew up in an artistic environment, the second wife of the artist Julia gave her to study at a theater studio. Recently, 13-year-old Zhenya has grown a lot and is slowly turning into a charming girl. Looking at her pictures on social networks, fans discuss how she matured.

“She’s quite grown up, and so looks like a father”, “A real beauty grows like a dad”, “His eyes, nose, lips are spilled Abdulov”, “I became so beautiful and sweet”, “Genes are immediately visible in you great Abdulova, ”they write on the Web.

13-year-old Zhenya Abdulova became quite an adult. Photo: Instagram.

Many believe that Eugene has a great future in the cinema. The girl already has experience on the set. He played his debut role in the film by Alla Surikova “Love and Sax”. The director was satisfied with the work of the young actress: she is sure that Zhenya not only looks like her father, but also inherited his acting talent.

The role in the play was offered to the girl by the late artistic director “Lenkoma»Mark Zakharov. The head of the theater, where Alexander Abdulov served for many years, wanted the artist’s daughter to take the stage in the final of the Royal Games performance. The girl was preparing for the premiere, but then refused to participate in the play, saying that she did not like to rehearse.

“She never went on stage.” Sasha’s character! She was always the most important at children’s parties, she built all, commanded. Recently, however, she starred in a small role in the film with Maxim Averin, but so far, school is in priority, ”a close friend of the Abdulov family told reporters then.

The girl is very similar to her star father. Photo: Instagram.

The girl is very similar to her star father. Photo: Instagram.

Alexander Abdulov met his wife Zhenya’s lawyer two years before his death. The spectacular brunette immediately liked the famous actor, behind whom there were many novels with the most beautiful women of the country. Couple she got married in 2006, and in March 2007 they had baby Eugene.

Alexander Gavrilovich died of cancer in January 2008. He struggled with oncology for a long time – he was diagnosed with lung cancer of the fourth stage. Doctors did everything possible to cure the artist, but the disease was stronger. Probably, oncology could be provoked by long-term smoking: Abdulov was a heavy smoker and did not part with cigarettes for several decades in a row.


Why AvtoVAZ should revive the production of VAZ-2107

The Russian sedan in our time would compete even with premium foreign cars.

In the USSR, many cars were produced, which, even after the collapse of the Soviet Union, were popular even in second-hand form. Interesting that thanks to such cars The Russian auto industry continues to be appreciated even by foreign motorists.

One of these cars is legendary VAZ-2107, which replaced the VAZ-2105. The car itself is a four-door two-row sedan with rear-wheel drive, manufactured since 1982. Do not forget that the “seven” is among the centenarians – the car was produced for 19 years – only in 2011 the car was discontinued due to the fact that the model is outdated in moral and technical terms.

But in fact, the Togliatti company could carry out high-quality restyling and continue to produce the “seven” in improved version with beautiful design and comfort. Moreover, it is curious that for 43 years of release, the developers left the LADA 4×4 almost unchanged, and the VAZ-2107 was removed from the conveyor. Why is the Russian sedan worse in this regard?

It should be noted that the VAZ-2107 had bright future after high-quality updates, it was not without reason that in the Soviet Union the Seven was called the “Russian Mercedes” for its chrome-plated radiator grille and improved comfort. Improving comfort, appearance and technical characteristics would make the Russian sedan real best sellers, which would “shut up” LADA Vesta and foreign cars.

Thus, the new embodiment of the VAZ-2107 would have been successful if AvtoVAZ had revived it – motorists would be attracted by the affordable price, premium interior quality and modern ageless design, as well as simplicity of design and maintainability. Therefore, instead of inventing auto-trash, to which Russians are rapidly losing interest, Togliatti people would rather focus on updating the “seven”, because this is a legend, time-tested, and such a machine deserves attention.


Russian industry plunged into depression

In April, Russian industry fully felt the “cold breath” of the viral crisis and the consequences of the authorities ’struggle against it – demand collapsed on a scale comparable to the 2008 crisis, a survey of industrial enterprises conducted by the Institute of Economic Policy named. Gaidar. If in 2008 companies recorded a decrease in demand since September and in a few months it reached a peak of 60 points (in the absence of a sharp increase or decrease in demand, the indicator is zero), in 2020 only in April the index dropped to 45 points. The expected decline in demand may exceed its decline in the 2008–2009 crisis, warns Sergei Tsukhlo, head of the Gaidar Institute’s market research laboratory.

Next, industrial production will begin to fall, a survey showed. The surveyed enterprises are already recording a drop in production – their output estimate for April fell by 50 points. In the 2008 crisis, the indicator fell to 60 points in just three months. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in March Russian industry escaped a recession – industrial production grew by 0.3% on an annualized basis, but the industry was supported by a rush of demand for essential goods and goods. For example, buckwheat production immediately increased by 41%, and pharmaceutical products – by 64%. But the main drop will be in April – May, warned the director of the Center for Market Studies of the Higher School of Economics Georgy Ostapkovich.

So far, the enterprises themselves assess their financial situation as “good” and “satisfactory” (such estimates prevail over “bad” and “extremely bad”). But they expect it to deteriorate in the future – the expectations of entrepreneurs have never fallen so much. “Neither such a difference nor such a result has been recorded by polls,” admits Tsukhlo. With worsening expectations, the business began to postpone investments. The balance of investment intentions in April decreased by 40 points and already exceeded the worst point of the crisis of 2015-2016, when investment optimism was declining due to sanctions.

The number of companies reporting staff reductions has also increased record-breaking. Such an increase in the rate of change in the actual number of employees has also never been observed, notes Tsukhlo. In 2008, such a failure in evaluating entrepreneurs took half a year. True, the scale of layoffs is likely to decrease in May-June, although given the decline in demand and output, companies are unlikely to need so many employees. The shortage of personnel, which was recorded by the Institute’s polls, was replaced by their excess. Only 6% of enterprises reported a lack of personnel – this is the minimum since the 1998 default, a survey indicates.

Such negative results are not surprising, says Valery Mironov, deputy director of the Institute for the Development of the Higher School of Economics. The daily economic stress index calculated by the Development Center has long been at the level of 0.4-0.5, which indicates the pre-recession stage. “All crises began with such a significance,” warns Mironov.

But the labor market is not as catastrophic as the survey shows. His data speak of the intentions of enterprises, that is, they reflect the panic of the heads of enterprises, says Rostislav Kapelyushnikov, deputy director of the Center for Labor Studies of the Higher School of Economics. Such sentiments were also in the crisis of 2008-2009, and this is an encouraging sign, since there was no catastrophic increase in unemployment and a drop in employment then, he says. The Russian labor market is specific, employers do not like to lay off workers, preferring to reduce wages or shorten working hours, reminds Kapelyushnikov. There is hope that they will do the same in this crisis, he adds. In addition, the danger does not come from large enterprises, but from small and medium-sized enterprises, which can simply close, but how many of them will be impossible to predict now, all forecasts about it now are nothing more than fortunetelling on coffee grounds, he emphasizes.