More than 250 seasonal workers have been tested positive for the coronavirus in the Bouches-du-Rhône, the Vaucluse and the Gard. If the evolution of the epidemic is judged to be “favourable “ by the regional Agency of health (ARS) Provence-Alpes-Côte d’azur, the accommodation conditions and isolation of these workers pose a question, and may even promote infections, according to several trade unions.
Promiscuity, mattresses on the floor, lack of access to water, unsanitary conditions : “some places are not decentpointe Jean-Yves Constantin, member of the CFDT and vice-president of the MSA (Mutuelle sociale agricole). The prefect has already taken two orders to close accommodations, housing seasonal workers “, including bungalows. Pointing to the absence of sanitary measures to be sufficient, the CFDT has sued nine farmers and a company acting Spanish, Tuesday, June 23.
“By definition, it is difficult to enforce the sanitary measures in places of collective accommodationnotes Sylvain Hutin, director-general of the MSA, Provence-Azur. The agricultural activity in and of itself lends itself well to compliance measures barriers. “
The company, referred to also by several judicial procedures, provides each year about 1 400 workers posted to the operators of provence, according to the prefecture of the Bouches-du-Rhône.
Mostly from Latin America or North Africa, they have a Spanish work permit, and can perform according to the terms of european law. They are housed by the farmers, or in housing provided by the company acting in Spanish, Terra Fecundis, and transported to the farms according to the needs in workforce.
“No quarantine has not been observed”
“Some of them would have crossed the border during the containment outside of the periods permitted, notes Jean-Yves Constantin. But we have no idea of the volume. “ The ARS is currently working to identify the chain of infection.
Other seasonal workers came legally, after the circular of 20 may, taken by the government to alleviate the shortage of labour in several sectors, especially in agriculture. But ” no quarantine has not been observed “regrets Stephan Dainotti, secretary of the CGT des Bouches-du-Rhône. The text could not, that measures the minimum. ” The workers had to comply with the gestures barriers, and stay on the farm “specifies Sylvain Hutin.
Since, the health authorities are trying to correct. ” We have put in place of the brigades with the ARS, and the Red Cross, to perform testing, and supportincentives for operators to comply with the protocols “, contends Scott Hutin. Workers with a positive Covid-19 are then placed in isolation for fourteen days.
270 work stoppages issued
But ” léalso, you can’t force anyone to observe this quatorzaine “tip Stephan Dainotti, of the CGT. ” Ces workers have the habit of living in community. Moreover, they are in extreme precariousness and the fear of not being paid if they go out of business “warning , does it again, stressing that ” the case contact continue to mix with other workers “. A hundred of them has been placed in solitary confinement in two structures of the department, to Miramas and Salon-de-Provence, on a voluntary basis.
“To encourage them to comply with the quatorzaine, it is necessary to provide guarantees, and including work stoppages.”underlines Sylvain Hutin. The mutual has issued 270 stops, which should give right to the payment of daily allowances.
The issue of per diems
But the unions are dubious about the effectiveness of these payments. By their status, these employees are members in Spain and under the Spanish social security system. Gold, ” many have not started their contract, or evidence of whether or not they are declared “pointe Jean-Yves Constantin, which evokes the possibility that these employees are ” a minima “that is to say, only a couple of hours in the month, while they work full-time. ” However, in Spain, this level of reporting does not open right to compensation. “
“These clusters reveal the reception conditions, and seasonal employees, and highlight an entire pan of French agriculture, which works with labor,”note Aurélie Button, of the Confédération paysanne, engaged in several legal proceedings with the company working on secondment. Same s’“il should not generalize “, warns Jean-Yves Constantin. The FDSEA alert, it, against ” the denigration of the agricultural employers “.
More than 600 000 Germans reconfinés
Germany, presented in the model of management of the pandemic coronavirus, announced Tuesday, June 24, for the first time a reconfinement at the local level that affects more than 600 000 people face an important focus of contamination in a part of the biggest slaughterhouse in Europe. Some 360 000 people living in the canton of Gütersloh, and 280 000 in the neighbor of Warendorf, in western countries, will again see their movements and activities strictly limited in a first time during a week to try to contain the spread of the virus, which already affects more than 1 550 people in a slaughterhouse in the region. They will, however, not obliged to remain in their home.