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What new sanctions prepared by the United States against Russia, how many Russians reach financial independence, 2 million cases COVID-19 in the United States, Musk praised Rogozin’s article; top news — a review of RBC

The US has proposed to impose “tough” sanctions against Russia

The Republican study Committee submitted a 120-page report, which included “the most stringent ever proposed” sanctions against Russia, China and Iran.

  • In particular, Russia, the Republicans are urging to recognize the “state sponsor of terrorism for its support of the Islamic revolutionary guard Corps, Hezbollah, the Taliban (an organization banned in Russia) and “Russian Imperial movement”.
  • Sanctions, in the opinion of the Committee, you must enter against companies that support the Russian oil and gas projects. Also Russia should be excluded from the international system SWIFT. Restrictions should also apply against “the leaders of her campaign of disinformation”: the head of AFK “Sistema” Vladimir Yevtushenkov, the former Prime Minister of Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili, the leader of Ukrainian party “the Opposition platform For life” Viktor Medvedchuk.
  • In addition, Republicans believe that Congress should authorize the U.S. Department of state to arrange for the collection of news and information to Russians directly, what did the Obama administration.

Sberbank called the age of achieving financial independence in Russia

A study of the savings Bank have shown that the Russians are financially independent from their parents, on average, 26 years. Respondents in the far East and Siberia

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Musk praised Rogozin’s article about the flight Crew Dragon – RBC

  1. Musk praised Rogozin’s article about the flight Crew Dragon RBC
  2. Elon musk was impressed by the article Rogozin about the importance of flight Crew Dragon Moskovsky Komsomolets
  3. Musk commented on Rogozin column for Forbes magazine, RIA NOVOSTI
  4. Crew Crew Dragon will return to Earth in August of Arguments and facts
  5. Elon Musk starts a chain reaction in space Kommersant
  6. Look up “Google news”

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Lavrov revealed the possible agenda of the meeting of the “nuclear five” :: Politics :: RBC

According to the foreign minister, the coronavirus pandemic made the meeting of permanent members of the UN Security Council even more relevant. Russian President Vladimir Putin suggested convening a meeting in January

Nuclear Five Conference in Beijing, 2019

(Photo: Thomas Peter / EPA / TASS)

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in an interview with RBC said that the meeting of the leaders of the “nuclear five” (Russia, the USA, Great Britain, France and China) will take place, and now its agenda is being developed.

“There is a common understanding of all the permanent members of the UN Security Council that the agenda should cover the key and main issues of the modern world, primarily from the point of view of strategic stability and global security,” the head of the foreign ministry said.

“This is due to the fact that the five permanent members of the UN Security Council bear special responsibility in accordance with the organization’s charter in maintaining international peace and security. And all those topics that fall under this competence, we would like to capaciously, in an interconnected plan, bring for consideration the leaders of the five states, ”Lavrov said.

Interview with Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov RBC. the main thing

Sergey Lavrov

The Minister noted that, given the coronavirus pandemic, the meeting is becoming even more relevant. “The infection has identified problems that require even more systematic consideration. Problems that are related to how the states, their associations, and the world order as a whole will be tested for strength, ”Lavrov added.

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The Russian Embassy accused the United States of rewriting the history of World War II :: Politics :: RBC

The reason was the description of the US Embassy in Hungary to one of its grants, which mentioned the “tyranny of the Soviet Union” during the Second World War and the Holocaust

Photo: Mark Wilson / Newsmakers / Getty Images

The US State Department is trying to rewrite the history of World War II and belittle the role of the Soviet Union in the victory over Nazism, the Russian embassy in the United States believes. The diplomatic mission wrote about this in his Facebook account.

The authors of the message cited as an example the description that the American embassy in Hungary placed for one of its grants. It states that program participants should focus on recognizing a complex national history, including on the individual experiences of war participants and their oral testimonies. The proposals put forward by the applicants should be related to “acts of humanity and resistance, as well as cruelty and cooperation during the Holocaust and World War II, under the tyranny of the Soviet Union.”

In a statement, the Russian Embassy in the United States called the description of the grant “another cynical attempt to rewrite history.” The diplomatic service notes that the United States is trying to forget the decisive contribution of the USSR to the victory over Nazism and the end of the Holocaust.

The Ambassador of Russia advocated the preservation of the historical truth about World War II

“We urge the American side to abandon deliberately false, unworthy and pseudo-historical programs,” the embassy said. A screenshot of the publication of the Sputnik agency is also attached to it, which says that the operation to free Budapest from Hitler’s troops in 1945 claimed the lives of 80 thousand Soviet and Romanian soldiers.

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Lavrov announced the summit of five permanent members of the UN Security Council in video format :: Politics :: RBC

The Russian Foreign Minister said that the five expect to discuss their contribution to the fight against coronavirus. The situation does not allow to agree on a face-to-face meeting of leaders

Sergey Lavrov

(Photo: Eduardo Verdugo / AP)

Five countries – permanent members of the UN Security Council are working on a specific day for the summit in the form of a videoconference. This was announced by Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov during an online lecture for MGIMO students.

According to the head of the foreign ministry, the idea of ​​convening a summit of five Security Council members, which President Vladimir Putin announced at the end of January in Jerusalem, was supported by all potential participants in the meeting: the United States, France, China and the United Kingdom. So far we are talking about a videoconference, the specific date of which is still being worked out, RIA Novosti reports.

Later, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov also said that the date of the five videoconference has not been determined.

The Twenty for the first time held a summit in video format

Vladimir Putin during a coronavirus G20 Leaders Summit

According to Lavrov, during the online five summit, they will discuss, among other things, the possible contribution to the formulation of ways to counter the coronavirus.

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Putin recalled the alliance of countries during the Second World War :: Politics :: RBC

Vladimir Putin

(Photo: kremlin.ru)

In the face of new global challenges, it is necessary to use the experience of international cooperation accumulated during the Second World War, the telegram of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin to the organizers and visitors of the online exhibition “Stalin-Churchill-Roosevelt: a joint struggle against Nazism” says. The document is published on the Kremlin website.

“Today, when humanity is faced with new global challenges and threats, we must make full use of the invaluable experience of international cooperation and true alliance accumulated by our countries during the Second World War,” the president said.

According to him, the USSR, Great Britain and the United States had “diametrically opposing views on current events.” However, they were able to overcome personal ambitions and develop common approaches for an early end to World War II.

Putin and Trump called the “Elbe spirit” an example of cooperation and trust

Meeting on the Elbe of Soviet and American troops

Earlier, Vladimir Putin and US President Donald Trump adopted a joint statement on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the meeting of Soviet and American troops on the Elbe. This meeting took place during the Second World War near the German city of Torgau. On the part of the USSR, troops of the 1st Ukrainian Front participated in it, on the part of the USA, troops of the 1st US Army. As a result of the union of the Allied forces, the German armed forces were split into two parts – the northern and southern.

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“In silence, the deafening roar of confined humanity”

► March 26, 2020

The lack of car and rail traffic has changed our world. In the still soothing and disturbing silence, a recurring rumble is heard, ten to twenty times a day, and also at night, which it took a while to identify. These are the lions. A traveling circus was stopped on its tour. The marquee is empty. Animals and men are under house arrest in their trucks and trailers. Men grumble, women scold children, children bicker laughing. And the lions roar, on the very serious notes which characterize them, in long tragic and furious modulations.

→ LIVE. Coronavirus: the latest information on the pandemic in France and worldwide

It looks like the dull whining of confined humanity, reduced to turning in circles, sorry. We believe we hear the distress of those who die without being able to hold anyone’s hand, of those who are broke in the prime of life, defeating statistical probabilities, of those who live in countries so poor that he is almost happy that, with them, we do not know how many are affected. Separated from the others, we are sad.

► March 30, 2020

Time flows in a unique way. At least the perception that we have of it is paradoxical. We feel like we have been in our house for a very long time; life before, the free and current life before March 15 seems to us to belong to a distant time, of which we are gradually losing the memory.

And, on the other hand, when we look back over the past fortnight, we are amazed and disappointed to see that we have done little. We wanted to move quickly in writing this book under construction, finally sorting out our library, reading twice as much as usual, since we are not going out, finishing the photo album started seven years ago … theory, we are organized, methodical, disciplined, active. In practice, our unconscious reminds us that it is he who is in charge, and that he is upset. We are spreading out. We have trouble concentrating. We no longer know if we overestimate or underestimate the risk of being hurt – both, no doubt. Separated from the others, we are confused.

► April 3

Times are tough for nurserymen. International flower markets have closed. In Holland, tons of flowers are thrown every day ready to open but which cannot be shipped. It’s not better in France. You have to imagine the horticulturalists of the region of Hyères and elsewhere picking up their sumptuous peonies to throw them in a heap at the end of their fields (these roses and these creamy whites, Manet, Renoir, these big buttons with the airs of fruits, these leaves with red veins which, by themselves, make lovely bouquets…). And lily of the valley from 1er May, will the millions of bells that normally ring in the summer, go rot in the compost pits? Separated from the others, we can nevertheless be united in their difficulties and transform this solidarity into action. Home flowers are once again possible in town.

► April 5

Prisons in Arles, Moulins and Rennes have offered prisoners to work on making protective masks. There were more volunteers than work stations. Prisoners are like everyone else, many of them want to participate in the collective effort to fight the pandemic. We must hope that in the future we think about offering them more often, as in these workshops, work that makes sense. It would probably lessen their suffering a little. And that would help make sense of their grief. Separated from others, we always have the power to imagine and implement changes that will improve the lot of the poor.

► April 6

A friend, who married her daughter on December 28, and saw the organization of the party very complicated by the transport strike (the lamps had not arrived, friends from far away remained in the harbor at Roissy…) said, thinking of all those who can no longer marry on the date and in the way that had made them dream: I thought that we had not had a chance and I see that on the contrary, we had.

→ EXPLANATION. Deconfinement, the impossible equation of public transport

The reflection can be applied to many of the events that we experienced each other before March 15. Perhaps, when you die, you say something of the same kind.

► April 8

Véronique died suddenly on Palm Sunday. This morning, twenty people are gathered in the church where the Farewell is celebrated, twenty of his close relatives. But a retransmission of the liturgy is ensured, live, and three hundred of her friends follow the arrival of her coffin, carried by her four sons, hear the magnificent word of her husband, too moved to speak and read by one of their girls. Separated from the others, we remain linked to them.

► April 9, 10, 12

Holy Week is an ordeal this year. So beautiful is the interior of Saint Peter in Rome, so powerful the Way of the Cross on the square and the words of the crucified expressed by prisoners or relatives of prisoners, victims or relatives of victims, so poignant the face of the Pope , marked by extreme gravity, one does not enter these celebrations on video as in a living assembly. Separated from others, we are poor.

► April 20

Certain Christian reflections are difficult to bear these days (like yesterday, by the way…). One of the leaders of the evangelical organization that set up a mobile hospital in Central Park, New York, said of the epidemic: ” It is God’s will “. To myself, a nun wrote: ” God sends us signs to invite us to conversion ”. These are words that it is better not to say to the members of a sibling group held outside the hospital where a very old lady is dying, their mother, or to these parents torn apart by the absolutely unexpected death of a child. struck by a lightning-like form of Covid-19. The question of Evil is a terrible enigma for Christians. If God is all powerful, Creator at all times from heaven and earth, if he is the Master of time and history, Where does a universal pandemic come from?

A few years ago, my grandfather found himself one day participating, in Lourdes, in a meeting of French bishops. Two of these prelates arrived late, somewhat moved. Their car was off the road and ended up in a ditch. ” But divine Providence wanted us to be spared “Said one of the two survivors to the cantonade. The bishop who was seated next to my grandfather leaned towards him and slipped to him in a low voice: “Perhaps divine Providence could have saved them from falling into the ditch?” “

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What I (re) discover: “Cooking, reading … There is no age to learn”

– There is no age to learn. I discover what it means to wash your hands, above, below, between your fingers, with lots of soap, for three minutes. I, who washed my hands about a hundred times a day, but no matter how, sometimes even without soap, I measure my chance of having passed between viruses.

– We all cook with particular care. In houses where several people are under house arrest, everyone has their own specialty. We try stuff. Personally, I started to prepare potato peel crisps. A real job: before putting them in the oven, you must use a brush to coat each peel with a mixture of olive oil and Provence herbs. The result is not bad. Not extraordinary, but still better than industrial chips.

– We read or reread occasional books. Plague de Camus is well dated, at least the words that the author puts in the mouth of the prelate whom he makes speak in the pulpit. “My brothers, you are in misfortune, my brothers, you have deserved itsaid Father Paneloux. The scourge of God puts the proud and the blind at its feet. “ Even the most stubborn of Christian fundamentalists no longer hold this kind of statement, in France, in any case.

The most powerful and original story of fevers and containment that I have read is The shadow line, by Conrad. On the China Sea, a large commercial sailboat is encalminated. There is no longer a breath. It is awfully hot. Thunderstorms break out, but far away. And the sailors collapse, one after the other.

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Laurence Cossé, fine observation of the world

1950. Birth in Boulogne-Billancourt.

Laurence Cossé becomes journalist and literary critic. She was also executive producer at France Culture.

nineteen eighty one. She publishes her first novel, The southern rooms (Gallimard), who receives the Sainte-Beuve prize. She has since authored a dozen novels, plays, and short stories.

1996. The corner of the veil, Jean Giono Prize and the Prize for Believers.

2011. Bitter almonds.

2015. Grand Prize for Literature of the French Academy for all of his work.

2016. The great arch, François-Mauriac Prize and the Book Prize of the Academy of Architecture

Laurence Cossé was a columnist at The cross every Wednesday from January 2016 to July 2017

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Andrés Pastrana: ‘Venezuela is experiencing the worst tragedy of humanity’ – Venezuela – International

Andrés Pastrana is concerned about Venezuela. In his frequent interventions there is priority space to alert about the humanitarian crisis and advocate for actions that allow a democratic solution.

“Venezuela is experiencing today the worst tragedy of humanity”, he warned.

“To the pandemic of the coronavirus, Nicolás Maduro has added energy, water and gasoline rationing. What else do you want? Who can believe that there is a country without water, without light, without gasoline and also contaminated with covid-19? ”, He highlighted.

“Venezuelans do not have water, which is essential to avoid contamination. What is Maduro going to do if, for example, food arrives? How are they going to be distributed, if they don’t even have gasoline? “ added.

(It may interest you: Tension in Venezuela by Iranian plane landing in pandemic)

Pastrana, a 65-year-old lawyer, was president of Colombia between 1998 and 2002. On the outskirts of Bogotá, where he is undergoing quarantine for the new coronavirus, he attended El Nacional. The communication, via telephone, had startles. Connectivity does not escape the crisis.

Pastrana: “This is an unusual thing”

“We human beings never imagined that we would experience something like this. Who would have thought a month and a half ago that the world was going to close in this way, that it was going to freeze. This is an unusual thing ”, he assured.

Rich countries have all the resources, we are seeing it in the United States and in Europe, the way to face the economic crisis, to help entrepreneurs, small, medium and large

He believes that the pandemic shows more clearly the gap that exists between rich and poor nations. “Rich countries have all the resources, we are seeing it in the United States and in Europe, the way to face the economic crisis, to help entrepreneurs, small, medium and large. We poor countries are seeking to activate all mechanisms to see how and in what way we protect our economy. There is a very clear differentiation between strong and weak economies, “he said.

He noted that the same situation is reflected within each society. “With isolation, a good part of employment is being lost, this is the case in Colombia and the same in Venezuela. The informal sector, which is very important, is experiencing a drama. What does the hairdresser, the manicurist, the street vendor, the shoe shine live on? ”, Indian.
“Here you see that differentiation between sectors and classes,” he stressed.

Leadership will change

Pastrana stresses that things will not be the same after the pandemic: “I believe that a good part of the leadership in Colombia and Venezuela will change.”

He stated that in the world people are going to measure their leaders by results. “Maduro will be evaluated for how he faced the pandemic: how many died, how he supported small and medium-sized entrepreneurs with subsidies, the efficiency or inefficiency with which he moved. But also Juan Guaidó, because he has resources and has to move, “he said.

(Also read: Migrants return to Colombia after receiving threats in Venezuela)

He pointed out that getting out of this situation well is not easy for a ruler, and he detailed what happened in the United States, China, Spain or Italy. “We do not have weeks or days to make decisions, possibly they are minutes. This is where you will see who was thinking about their people or their interests ”, express.

Save lifes

Pastrana prioritizes the lives of Venezuelans and Colombians. For the former president, the situation created by the new coronavirus may aggravate the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela and lead Colombia forward. In his opinion, minimum agreements must be reached so that this does not happen.

“I know that many friends of the opposition did not agree with me when a journalist colleague asked me: Would you be willing to speak to Maduro? What I said is that if we do not control the pandemic that may come from Venezuela, then there will be nothing left of what we Colombians are doing, ”he said.

“I proposed to create three transnational hospitals: one in the north, in La Guajira, in Paraguachón; another in Cúcuta and another in Arauca. Wuhan-type health centers, with 1,000 beds, which can be built in 15 days. We were going to ask the Americans for resources, that when I raised this, about a month ago, there was 5 billion dollars. This is not if Maduro stayed, it is how we saved the lives of Venezuelans and Colombians. He was going to work with the Maduro and Guaidó teams, and with the Colombian team, ”he added.

Talk to whomever it takes

The fact that Colombian President Iván Duque establishes bridges with the Maduro regime does not mean that he recognizes him as president, Pastrana assured: “They want to save lives, which is what is important. When you seek to free the kidnapped speak to the kidnapper. In this case, the kidnapper is Maduro and his regime, which has kidnapped Venezuela. ”

He indicated that the times to leave Maduro from power are decided by Venezuelans. “I think that the first thing is to save lives, that’s why I asked the Pan American Health Organization to give the real figures of the pandemic in Venezuela,” he said.

“For me the most important thing is the humanitarian issue,” he reiterated.
“People are starving. In Venezuela we already had a humanitarian tragedy. And that tragedy can also come to Colombia “, alerted.

“The important thing is to be able to save lives in Venezuela and Colombia. If we can save lives, why don’t we? Let’s leave the policy until later ”, he stressed.

Transition in Venezuela

He said he was not clear about the United States’ proposal for an emergency government in Venezuela, if General Vladimir Padrino López can be kept in charge of his position.

“You don’t understand what that transition is like,” he said.
He indicated that the Council of State, proposed by the Americans, can be integrated very quickly. “The advantage is that if that transitional government is done soon, without Maduro and without Guaidó as has been proposed, Much would be the humanitarian aid that could reach Venezuela, “he said.

Drug trafficking

Pastrana insisted on the possibility of spraying Colombia’s coca fields with glyphosate, since the population is protected in their homes due to quarantine. Rich countries have all the resources, we are seeing it in the United States and in Europe, the way to face the economic crisis, to help entrepreneurs, small, medium and large indicated.

“It is time to end drugs in Colombia. And if we end the drug here, the problem in Venezuela and the world ends, “he added.

The former president recommended the Duque government to be aggressive in the decisions to be made, since the economic crisis that may ensue is very serious. He made remarks to financial entities.

“The bank is not giving adequate answers to the people, I do not know if the same is lived in the rest of Latin America. It is important that banks reach out to Colombians “, he pointed.

“The world changed us: to politicians, to businessmen; for everyone, the world changed ”, concluded.

GDA – THE NATIONAL OF VENEZUELA

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Speculation, saturated storage … Why the barrel of oil fell below zero dollar

It is an understatement to say that the American oil market is ass over head. For the first time in its history, American crude oil fell below… zero dollars on Monday. In the evening, a barrel of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) was trading at -37 dollars. Concretely, this means that producers pay $ 37 to give their barrel of oil. The petroleum industry holds the year 1859 for its year zero. Never in the history of black gold has the price of a barrel fallen into negative territory on the futures markets. In just one day, the price of this oil made in the USA and side in New York literally collapsed, going from 24.59 dollars a barrel of 159 liters to… two dollars at the end of the day, before making the big plunge in the negative to finally appear at -37 dollars the barrel. For comparison, it was worth around $ 114 in 2011.

Difficult to understand the why and how of such a situation without making a detour through these famous future contracts used by speculators and other investment funds in most commodity markets. In 99% of cases, these markets give rise to “simple” speculation between investors who bet on commodity prices. In 99% of cases, sellers of coffee, soybean, wheat and of course petroleum oil find a buyer before the contract reaches its expiration date. But this time, the mechanics to speculate has seized up. For several days, many speculators who had bought lots of 1,000 barrels of American oil (WTI) had the greatest difficulty in finding buyers. 24, 18, 10, 2 dollars, the decline may have been rapid throughout the day in most American oil markets … In vain. Not even when these same investors holding these future contracts have entered negative territory, ready to put their hands in their pockets to offer two or three dollars to those who would be willing to take delivery of these bulky barrels.

Speculative “course accident”

Everything changed on Monday at the end of the day, or more precisely at the last hour of the last day of the expiration of these May contracts. “Sif these contracts hadn’t found where to be delivered, then they were delivered to speculators, explains a trader in a Parisian trading room. Obviously not at the foot of their pharmacy … But anywhere else. And not honoring that delivery costs a lot more than selling at a loss, or even paying to get rid of it, and that’s exactly what happened. “

“It’s a simple accident in the world of speculation, considers for its part the specialist in raw materials Philippe Chalmin. To convince yourself, you just have to look at what is happening on the other futures contracts. For the WTI maturing in June, prices oscillate around 23 dollars, the same thing to within a few dollars for Brent listed on the European markets.

Storage capacity saturation

In addition to the peculiarity of this market, the enormous saturation of black gold storage capacity was added. In less than 8 weeks, global demand for oil has dropped from around 100 million barrels per day to less than 67 million barrels per day due to containment and the fall in air transport in particular. Certainly, the oil-producing countries saw the fall in demand. They even tried to adapt, but not quickly enough and too little. Worse, against the backdrop of bickering and other three-strip billiards, the OPEC member countries did only tiny reductions in their production, or fifteen million barrels a day. The last agreement was made on April 11. The markets first bought it, the prices of the world’s largest oil producer (the United States) and those of Saudi Arabia had even started to recover. But the scissor effect did not stop there. Clearly: on the one hand, a drop in demand in a world where more than three billion people are confined and where the coming recession threatens to turn into depression, and on the other, oil producers who continue to pump.

“The United States has planted itself, it should have drastically reduced its oil production, says Philippe Waechter, director of economic research at Ostrum Asset Management. When we look at WTI’s daily production in the United States, we quickly realize that they continue to pump a dozen million barrels a day, no wonder we are there. By trying too hard to protect his boyfriends who have invested in unconventional oil, Trump finally shot himself in the foot. “ And pumping without consuming had only one effect: filling all the storage places to the brim.

Towards chain bankruptcies?

With the collapse in demand for petroleum products, storage capacity is filling up at high speed around the world, including at sea supertankers. The cost of storage is exploding, increasing the downward pressure on prices crude. To the point that the sector is desperately looking for solutions to store the surpluses that are accumulating around the world. The effects of such a situation on the black gold market could quickly turn into a large financial disaster. Because if the United States has become the first producers of black gold before Saudi Arabia and Russia, it is thanks to shale oils and other unconventional liquid bitumen. And especially investments that number in the hundreds of billions of dollars. If the price of WTI were to remain (as low as June, July, August, etc.) as low as in recent weeks, many economists fear chain bankruptcies. The reason ? At less than 40 or 50 dollars, a lot of unconventional oil drilling is not profitable. Finance could quickly burn down what it revered yesterday. At the risk of sinking a little more the world economy.


Vittorio De Filippis

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