Followed by the police, dead in a refrigerated truck two weeks later

On 11 October 2019, two Vietnamese boys disappear from a Dutch shelter for underage refugees. They were found by the Dutch police in the loading space of a truck in the spring of 2019 and have since been staying in the protected shelter in Limburg, in a location that is kept secret. But the young people do not live there locked up. Therefore, it is not possible for the escorts to stop them when they leave, even if it is suspected that they are not doing this of their own free will.

In the center of Limburg, they have more often experienced young people ‘leaving’ under questionable circumstances. As a result, both the mentors of the reception and the Dutch police are prepared when the two Vietnamese youths set out on October 11 in Limburg. The two appear to be picked up by a Brussels taxi, which is chased unnoticed by the Dutch police to a terraced house in the Brussels municipality of Anderlecht. A spokesman for the Dutch police said: “Due to the good and regular contact with the reception, the possible departure was anticipated in time and the police were able to follow both to an address in Belgium.”

Strong influence of smugglers

There is a structural problem with Vietnamese minors who disappear from reception – this is evident in both the Netherlands and Belgium. According to figures from the Central Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers (COA), all unaccompanied minor refugees who disappeared from the protected reception system in the Netherlands in 2019 were Vietnamese. According to the Belgian counterpart Fedasil, eighteen Vietnamese minors went to reception in Belgium in 2018 and twelve disappeared. In 2019, 28 came and 22 disappeared, in 2020 so far 12 and 9 disappeared (figure of June 12). Vietnamese minors who disappear from reception are rarely found by the authorities. They are usually under the strong influence of their smugglers, through loans taken out by family members.

An earlier disappearance of six Vietnamese youngsters from the same shelter in Limburg shows how much Vietnamese teenagers are under the control of smugglers. The institution made a detailed report of this disappearance.

Two of these six youngsters only arrived in the center that day. One of their mentors notes that they already seem to know the other Vietnamese teens in the shelter, although they have previously denied that. Mentors see clues all day that something is on the way. The teenagers sometimes seem to deliberately disappear from sight, they watch on the internet videos about Vietnamese young people who are put to work in cannabis cultivation by cannabis traffickers in Western Europe. They also seem to be busy discussing, pointing to the environment as someone who explains the way. One of them portrays a bird in front of the others.

Translation program

At 7:00 pm, another Vietnamese youth informs a counselor through a translation program on his phone that he knows the two new boys will run away. The report states: “He is doing this out of sight of these young people and is afraid that they will see that he is sharing this information. Security has been called and asked to keep an eye on things. ”

Half an hour later the six youngsters put on coats. The police are then called. The six will stand on the football field of the institution. Mentors watching them watch the six run into the bushes at 8:30 PM. Now the emergency number of the police is called. A mentor still sees the youngsters on a field nearby. However, when the police arrive with four vehicles, the young people cannot be found.

At around 9:30 PM, a mentor speaks to the boy through an interpreter who warned that the six would be leaving. He says they hid in a corn field and were picked up there by a car.

He entered the same smuggling network as she did in Europe, is afraid and wants to report it. Whether this also happened is unknown. But the police have learned from the incident, it appears on October 11.

After the chase to Anderlecht on that date, the Dutch police have “handed the matter over to the Brussels police,” she says. But she does not explain why she did not intervene when the two youths, one of whom was a minor, were smuggled across the border.

Choking and overheating

Less than two weeks later, on October 23, the two boys, along with 37 others, are found dead in a refrigerated truck in Essex, England. All died in the closed trailer on a ferry to England due to suffocation and overheating.

Also read this report by correspondent Annemarie Kas about the parents of the migrants who died in Essex

Shortly afterwards, the Vietnamese authorities reveal the identity of the victims. Both come from the poor northeast of Vietnam. The boys are called Dinh Dinh Thai Quyen and Tran Noc Hieu. The first was 18 years old at his death and was from Hai Phong city. The second was 17 and was from Hai Duong Province.

The Belgian federal prosecutor’s office says that it was only after ‘Essex’ that the boys stayed in Anderlecht. The Brussels public prosecutor’s office, which must have been aware, does not want to comment for the time being.

After a few months, the police intervene at the Anderlecht hiding address of the two boys. On 26 May, a month ago, a search was conducted there on behalf of the federal public prosecutor’s office. The Brussels taxi driver who brought the boys to Anderlecht is also arrested during that operation.


Also read this reconstruction of the fatal journey of the Vietnamese migrants

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What a welcome for the migrants ?

The issue of immigration irks the Europe. In most countries, it fuels the fears and fed the populist rhetoric. It also carries the division within the european Union and exacerbating tensions between the governments.

That is why, five years after the “migration crisis” of 2015, three daily newspapers have declined to investigate together on the situation of migrants in their respective countries : Avvenire (Italy), Nederlands Dagblad (The netherlands) and The Cross are media of christian inspiration rooted in three different companies. By publishing in parallel during any one week of their stories respective, they offer an exchange of glances, a variety of approaches which enrich the apprehension of the real.

They wish to facilitate the dialogue between the peoples and to be a hyphen, Naples to Amsterdam via Nice or Paris. This partnership also emphasizes the involvement of multiple people in the reception and assistance of migrants. For christians, this support comes in a fidelity direct to the gospel message.

► “Crisis migrants” to the crisis of the home

The number of asylum seekers in Europe reached a peak in 2015 and 2016, but is very greatly reduced since. The public opinions and the governments continue, however, to reason as if the continent was facing a “wave” of migration, analysis Maurizio Ambrosinia professor of sociology at the university of Milan, in this forum.

► To Ventimiglia, a solidarity with the migrants over the border

To Ventimiglia, a border town between Italy and France and rallying point for migrants from around the world, a unique collaboration was established between the NGOS of the two countries. Closed during the containment, the border was reopened and the attempts of migrants to move from Italy to France were resumed.

► To Bernes-sur-Oise, refugees are preparing for the profession of a mason

In the Île-de-France, the program “Hope” in 2017 train persons with the status of refugees in various building trades and public works, for the purpose of a long-term integration.

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France could not shirk its responsibilities in the Mediterranean

Historically, France is a wonderful melting pot of migration. There are more communities of foreigners, among whom the Italians, who have made this country.

Geographically, with a territory the population density is lower than that of neighbouring countries in the G7 (Germany, the United Kingdom and Italy), France has many lands in search of a revitalization of population.

→ WHAT A WELCOME FOR MIGRANTS (3/5). To Bernes-sur-Oise, refugees are preparing for the profession of a mason

Philosophically, France claims itself as the birthplace of the Enlightenment, advocating a universalism and humanism, which, grafted into the base civilization judeo-christian, is conducive to the respect and welcoming the stranger.

Diplomatically, as a permanent member of the security Council of the united nations, France is very oriented towards the big geopolitical issues of the day, including the challenge of migration planetary.

The furnaces humanitarian

France looks so well to the portrait-robot of the nation that seeks to become an exemplary and innovative in its hospitality policy.

Yet, as we know, the reality is much less idyllic. It is sad to read that the greatest regret policy of the former president Valéry Giscard d’estaing is to be granted family reunification to immigrants of how unconditional…

→ WHAT A WELCOME FOR MIGRANTS (2/5). At Ventimiglia, a solidarity with the migrants over the border

It is especially disheartening to note that France just to deploy all means necessary to find a lasting solution to the tragedy of refugees in africa and asia raised all around the coastline of Calais, along the boulevard périphérique nord in paris, or at the border with Italy.

Become chronic, of the furnaces humanitarian also unbearable reinforce the impression that the French governments of the last twenty years have sometimes abused their republican values by producing fake alibis. Constantly revived and turning often in circles, the debate on whether or not to have quotas of migrants was able to look like a smoke screen.

However, for example, by starting to answer the call of the community of Sant’egidio to open corridors to humanitarian air from the camps of syrian refugees in Lebanon, France has already proven that it can be effective and pragmatic, and if she wants to.

France is expected by its neighbours

Today, the president and Emmanuel Macron knows that his ambition to relaunch the construction of europe is doomed to failure if it does not to arm-the-body the humanitarian emergency in the Mediterranean. Emergency, moreover, the origin of many tensions between Paris and Rome.

→ WHAT A WELCOME FOR MIGRANTS (1/5). The “crisis migrants” to the crisis of the home

Of course, the steady rise of the extreme right and of populism has certainly conditioned the migration policy of the French governments of the last twenty years. But for many, the fear of being oneself, namely, a nation open and humanist, has never defeated the xenophobia.

→ TO READ. United states : Donald Trump extends the immigration restrictions

France is expected by its neighbours on this front where the playing of the honour of the european Union. With a degree of certainty to the key : the temptation to shirk its responsibilities in the Mediterranean is France the most treacherous enemy to defeat. Without delay.

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To Bernes-sur-Oise, refugees are preparing for the profession of a mason

“C’mon guys ! We will pack up the gear and we are going ! ” When André Rault increase the tone, it is with a smile. “It happens like that on a site “, explains this trainer. In front of him, twenty men from 21 to 38 years working on a technical platform of 30 meters wide and 70 meters long, within a training centre, 40 hectares lost in fields to Bernes-sur-Oise, 40 km north of Paris. They are refugees, arrived there in January in order to learn the trade of a mason, with a specialisation in roads and various networks (VRD), for a job contract with the company NGE.

Orange vests and helmets are tucked into the top of the jeans with holes and t-shirts. Wheelbarrows, shovels, pickaxes… It should fill holes with heaps of stones, under a shy sun. “The training helps to get them used to the environment in which they will operate and provide the technical expertise required in order to be self-sufficient and have a responsible attitude “explains André Rault. It is the interns who are extremely motivated and resourceful. “We need people like that on a site ! “

The desire to learn

In the group are Afghan, Sudanese, Eritrean, Somali, Libyan or Ivorian. These men have been granted refugee status in France and are now benefiting from the program “Hope,” developed by the national Agency for adult vocational training (Afpa) and the French Office for immigration and integration (Ofii), with the support of the ministries of labour and interior. “The majority of guys is housed in the centre “says Marc-Antoine Sheaf, manager of training, responsible for the device in the Val-d’oise.

→ WHAT A WELCOME FOR MIGRANTS (1/5). The “crisis migrants” to the crisis of the home

The program also puts emphasis on the learning of the French language, which is necessary for a successful integration. Jilianne Roucou is a trainer at the centre of Bernes-sur-Oise. It follows the “group of 22” since the month of January 2020, and praises their desire to learn. “This is the thing that makes the difference “, she summarizes. Even during the confinement, of the courses were provided by webcams interposed.

Landry, one of the refugees, is more comfortable with the language and the link with some of his comrades in difficulty. The ivory coast 28-year-old was household to Abidjan to live, but had to leave his country in 2016. It remembers the path taken up to obtaining the status of refugee, three years later : “In Morocco, I worked as a fishmonger for 100 dirhams per day (9 €), he said. I have saved up to be able to pay the crossing of the Mediterranean to a smuggler, almost 2 000 € ! “

“I want to work “

It happened on board a rubber dinghy overloaded, rescued by the Spanish Red Cross. After a stint at Bordeaux, Landry went to Paris, in the neighborhood of the door of the Chapel, where he is welcomed by the association Emmaus and then stayed at the hotel for 200 € allowance for asylum-seeker will be allocated by the Ofii. For him, the program “Hope” is a “great-chance “. “I want to work, I want to stay in France and may have to ask for the French nationality “, he said.

This discourse, found in all of the participants to the training. Issa arrived in France in 2016 from Sudan. He crossed the Libya, the Mediterranean, Italy, Nice, Marseille, Paris… Then back to Italy, twice.

“I’m a dubliné “quips the young man, referring to the european regulation, the so-called Dublin, which applies to persons who seek asylum on French territory, but for which an other european country proves to be responsible for their application, in this case Italy. “Here it issighs Issa. It is good to work. “

Of contracts of alternation in the whole of France

After the training, all the trainees in the group will be divided in pairs across France. From Lyon to Bordeaux, Toulouse, Lille, contracts of alternation, the waiting with the hope of a contract of indefinite duration. “We want to reach out but also to find enthusiastic people for our company, which employs 4 000 people each year “, explains Bruno Pavie, director of human resources of NGE, a company in the CONSTRUCTION industry that builds and renovates buildings and infrastructure already in service.

→ TO READ. Migrants : Teresa maffeis abodes, hyphen between Nice and Ventimiglia

The 22 trainees were selected among fifty candidates. “The interviews were in English at that time, we asked them about their motivation, their interests and their career “, states Bruno Pavia.

From 8 July, Issa will discover Nantes with one of his comrades. He would have preferred to Lille, because “a lot of big players from League 1 are passed through this football club “. He was watching matches of the Losc with its friends in Sudan. The future mason has watched it on YouTube dozens of videos on the city of the dukes of Brittany. He is confident : “No one told me that it was that good ! “

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“Hope,” the good pupil of the integration

Launched in 2017, the program “Hope” has already hosted 2 154 trainees of which only 4 % have dropped out, generally for reasons of health.

76 centres of the national Agency for adult vocational training (Afpa) are mobilized for 180 sessions of scheduled courses.

More than 250 companies are partners and 30 trades are proposed, of which 53 % in the building sector, 28 % in services and 19 % in the industry.

More than 80 % of trainees have obtained a home at the end of their journey, more than 70 % have a job or are in training.

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In Italy, the delicate modification of the ” decrees Salvini “

A year ago, immigration was placed by 44% of the Italians at the top of their concerns. But since February, it is the pandemic of the Covid-19, which monopolizes the attention, with a painful balance sheet 34 500 deaths. According to the institute Demos, only 9 % of Italians consider the issue of migrant workers as a priority.

→ REPORT. At Ventimiglia, a solidarity over the border

However, the situation could change. The summer is coming and, according to the intelligence services, Italian, “20 000 people are ready to leave the libyan coast” to reach the island of Lampedusa. Moreover, the arrivals from Tunisia were never interrupted. Between the 1er January and 20 June, the ministry of the interior recorded the landing of 5 832 migrants, mostly from Bangladesh, Tunisia, and Côte d’ivoire, against 2 242 to the same period in 2019.

To a modification of the ” decrees “security

Currently, two ships of humanitarian are in the sea. The Sea-Watch 3, flying the German flag, has recovered 211 migrants and reported several boats in difficulty. The Mare Jonioof the NGO Mediterranea, has rescued sixty-ten. Flying the Italian flag, it has received permission from the coast guard to disembark in the port of Pozzallo, Sicily. A third boat, theOcean Viking SOS Mediterranean, has resumed operations Monday, June 22.

In this context, the government focuses on the modification of the “decrees” security of 2018 and 2019 took by Matteo Salvini, the leader of the League, then minister of the interior, and fiercely hostile to immigration. They provide for the closure of ports to vessels from NGOS, fines – up to one million euros – to shipowners or owners of vessels assisting migrants and the seizure of the ships. In addition, the system of protection of asylum seekers and refugees has been deleted. During their signing, the head of State Sergio Mattarella, had expressed strong reservations.

The right and the extreme right rants and raves

At the current stage of the negotiations, the path looks thorny between the minister of the interior, Luciana Lamorgese, attentive to the plight of refugees, and the representatives of the ruling parties, the democratic Party and the Movement 5 stars (M5S). The first asks for a new ” decree on immigration “. The second proposes a simple correction : the reduction of the fines for NGOS and the cancellation of the seizure of their boats.

The right-wing opposition and the far-right rants and raves, moreover, against an operation of mass regularisation of undocumented migrants, agricultural workers, or at home), launched on 5 June and to be completed August 15 (read below). According to a survey of the institute’s Ninth published on 17 June, the League retains a stronghold in Italy, with 24.3% of voting intentions, ahead of the democratic Party (22 %) and the M5S (16 %).

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A regularization of the temporary targeting 220 000 people

The Italian government launched at the beginning of June, a procedure of regularization of temporary illegal valid until 15 August. The targeted population is estimated at 220,000 people.

The aim is to fight against illegal practices exploitation of the workforce, and to ensure coverage for health, in the context of the pandemic Covid-19. It is also to compensate for the absence of hundreds of thousands of foreign workers, seasonal workers, who could not come due to the pandemic.

In two weeks, 32 000 applications for regularisation have been recorded, 90 % coming from the sector of assistance to the person, and in particular of the ” badante “, of the auxiliaries of life, often natives of the countries of the East, which help the elderly at home.

Employers must file an application by paying a lump-sum contribution of € 500, whereas foreigners whose residence permit has expired may apply for a temporary residence.

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At Ventimiglia, a solidarity over the border

Five. Ismail throws the arm with an open hand to indicate how many times it has been discharged in five days by the border police in French. By train or on foot, he has never been able to reach Garavan area of Menton located in front of Ventimiglia, Italy.

The young man was 22 years ago. He landed in Italy at the age of 14 years, arriving from Somalia. “I am from Mogadishu, there is the war out theresums up there. I want to work and send money to my mother. I lived in Rome until my 18 years. Then I went to Stuttgart in Germany. I have worked in the black for four years, for 2 000 € per month. But the police sent me back in Italy. Here, I am in a regular situation, but it is not working. In Germany, I earn the money, but I don’t exist. I want to go to France. “

The border italo-French closed during the pandemic

We meet Ismail in the court of the Caritas in Ventimiglia, where volunteers hidden distribute food and clothing to those who try to cross illegally the border. Near him, a score of Somali and Sudanese just landed in Italy from Libya. There are also Algerians, Afghans, Pakistanis and iraqi Kurds.

During the outbreak of coronavirus, the border italo-French has been closed in both directions. But when Italy has re-opened the passage on 3 June, a crowd formed to enter France, the most to travel to the United Kingdom or in the northern countries of the european Union (EU). Those who have 200 € can pay a smuggler who takes them on a truck. Other trying to make Nice by train. Still others try their luck on foot, even on the very dangerous path dubbed “passage of death “at Grimaldi.

The summer promises to be hot to Ventimiglia. “Since the beginning of June arrived refugees who have crossed the Mediterranean, others who come from the Balkan route, via Bosnia and Croatia, others who simply want to leave Italy “observes Serena Regazzoni, operator of Caritas. The centre counts an average of twenty arrivals per day, and estimates the number of refusals at the border by the French police to 250 per week. “Even the Italian police returned to search the trains and check the documents “note Maurizio Marmo, director of the diocesan Caritas.

The NGOS of the two countries organize themselves

By 2017, about 50 000 migrants have passed through the roads, railways and trails in the area, according to unofficial estimates. By 2018, the number dropped to 30 000, then 20 000 in 2019. In April, the transit camp, Roja, which has 500 spaces and is managed by the Red Cross, has been temporarily closed by the prefect, after two cases of covid-19. Today it houses 95 people, but 250 people are sleeping on the beach or along the river Roja.

During all these years in which the relations between Rome and Paris have experienced many low and few high, a unique collaboration was established between the NGOS of the two countries. Ventimiglia has become a border of solidarity. The spark was the crisis of may 2016, when hundreds of migrants have been blocked by the Italian police on their way to France.

“Hundreds of people slept in the streetsays Maurizio Marmo. After having heard the bishop of Ventimiglia and the parish priest Don Rito Alvarez, we opened the courtyard and the rooms under the church of Sant Antonio to the families and minors only. We have hosted up to 1,200 guests. There has been an extraordinary demonstration of solidarity. From everywhere came the volunteers, food assistance, clothing. Of France also. This has lasted for a year. Thus was born the collaboration with the associations Italian terrain, such as Diaconia Valdese and WeWorld, and the French associations. “

Denounce references to illegal

On the other side of the border, in Nice, Agnès Lerolle anime the Cafi, a program that brings together Amnesty International, The Cimade, Médecins du monde, Doctors without borders and Secours catholique-Caritas France. “With the data collected in Italy, we began to monitor the border and to denounce the unlawful discharge of unaccompanied minors carried out by the French police, sometimes by changing the identity documents, as it should, on the contrary, protect, “she explains. We also follow the families. We have denounced the abuses, as these refugees locked up in containers without food or water to the Chin for 24 hours. References illegal, have decreased. “

To the north of Ventimiglia, the Val Roja becomes French. At the top of the mountains is located the farm of Cedric Herrou, who has been accused of “offence of solidarity “ for helping refugees (including some of Sant Antonio) to enter in France and ask for asylum. Half the world has heard of this peasant defender of migrants, including the use of up to the constitutional Council have made changes to the French law and led the State to recognize the constitutional principle of fraternity and the freedom to help others in a humanitarian aim. “It is not a question of being for or against the migrants, but to meet the people “, he insists.

Assistance to migrants : Cedric Herrou eventually acquitted

Back at the mouth of the Roja, among the migrants who camped, Maurizio Marmo evokes simple stories and dreams performed by many migrants who have passed through here and have integrated into the EU. With a tightness in his voice, he remembers three young Sudanese past in 2017 with a small child who could barely stand up. “In Libya, at the time of boarding, her mother has not been able to get on the boat and threw him in their arms, begging him to lead them to her father, who was already in France. I never knew how it ended. “

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Trump has imposed restrictions on the issuance of work visas :: Policy :: RBC

Due to the economic downturn caused by the coronavirus pandemic, the number of temporary work visas “are an extraordinary threat to employment” of Americans, said trump. In this regard, their results will be withheld until the end of the year

The United States has suspended until the end of 2020, the issuance of a number of temporary work visas. The corresponding decree was signed by President Donald trump, the document published on the White house website.

“Temporary workers often accompany their spouses and children, many of whom also compete with American workers. Under normal conditions, a properly organized program of temporary employment can benefit the economy. But in an emergency the economic downturn caused by the outbreak COVID-19, some nonimmigrant visa program to allow such employment, present an extraordinary threat to the employment of American workers,” said trump.

Under restriction were the following visas:

  • H-1B visa that allow to work in USA for foreign qualified professionals, mainly in the field of technology;
  • visa H-4 family members of holders of H-1B visa;
  • seasonal workers visa H-2B;
  • visa L-1 for official intra-company transfer for executives, managers and professionals. These visas allow you to move from a foreign company to its subsidiary or branch in the United States to work on a temporary basis;
  • some J-1 visa for cultural and professional exchange.

At the same time, those workers who are already in the United States, under the restrictions imposed do not fall.

Trump has signed a decree on the suspension of immigration to the United States

The unemployment rate in the United States on the background of the pandemic coronavirus reached in April to 14.7%, which was the worst result since the great depression, reported the labor Department. Without work then was 20.5 million people. In may the figure fell to 13.3%.

To protect Americans who have lost their jobs due to the effects of coronavirus, trump in late April signed a decree on the suspension of immigration to the United States. The restriction will be in effect at least 60 days and a decision on its withdrawal or extension will be made based on the situation on the labor market, noted in the White house. Medical and other employees whose assistance is needed to combat the outbreak of coronavirus, the restriction does not affect.

According to the Johns Hopkins University, in the United States since the beginning of the pandemic coronavirus has infected 2.3 million people, victims of the disease become 120,3 thousand inhabitants. According to both indicators, the country is in the world in the first place.

The spread of the coronavirus Covid-19 in the world

The number of confirmed cases of infection

Source: JHU

Data for the world i


Victoria Polyakova

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The “crisis migrants” to the crisis of the home

Maurizio Ambrosini
Professor of sociology of migration at the university of Milan (1)

The number of asylum seekers in Europe reached a peak in 2015 and 2016, but is very greatly reduced since. The public opinions and the governments continue, however, to reason as if the continent was facing a “wave” of migration.

Five years have gone since 2015 entered the collective imagination of europe, as the year of the ” refugee crisis “. This year, Daech is progressing in Iraq, while in Syria the civil war has already uprooted millions of people. On 20 April, 800 people die in the sinking of their boat in libyan waters, not far from the Italian island of Lampedusa. This is the deadliest event in the Mediterranean since the beginning of the XXIe century.

Over the months, the number of deaths at sea will not cease to increase. At the end of 2015, there are 3 328 victims were verified, more than double that in 2014 (2). The tragedies of migration also occur on the land. On August 28, 2015, it is discovered in Austria the bodies of 71 people in a refrigerated truck abandoned near the Hungarian border. This drama sheds light on the flow, which, mainly from Syria, trying to reach the territory of the european Union (EU) by road, via the so-called ” Balkan route “, passing through Turkey and Greece. Hungary was the first EU country on their way, and many were gathered in detention camps and virtually abandoned.

A “walk of hope” in the direction of Germany

On the 29th of August, asylum-seekers camped at the railway station of Keleti to Budapest decide to embark on a “walk of hope” to the austrian border, in the direction of Germany. Two days later, chancellor Angela Merkel pronounced his famous words : “We have managed so many problems, we are going to manage this situation. “ This was a turning point in German policy.

→ TO READ. Migrants : Europe gives priority to border security

A few days later, on 2 September, the photo of the little Alan Kurdi, found drowned on a beach of the Turkish Aegean, shakes for a moment the european public opinion. Three days later, Angela Merkel decides to suspend the application of the Dublin regulation III (3). Buses and trains are sent to collect refugees in Hungary, in order to transfer them in Germany. On arrival, they are greeted by applause, of flowers, of music.

According to Eurostat, the directorate-general of the statistical information to the european Commission, the countries of the EU have received a total of 1.3 million claims in 2015 and 1.2 million in 2016. Germany was the catalyst for most of them.

Europe is divided, the borders are closing

But even during these years, more than 80 % of asylum seekers in the world have continued to be welcomed in developing countries, especially those bordering on crisis areas. Only a perspective eurocentric can power the legend of a Europe invaded by the refugees, a ” refugee crisis “. Germany is the only EU country that is among the top ten in the world in terms of the number of registered refugees : 1.1 million of applications accepted and 300 000 applications awaiting the end of 2019.

→ ANALYSIS. Migrants in the Mediterranean, the drones replace the maritime patrol

The EU is, however, deeply divided on this issue. September 15, 2015, Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban decided to close the border with Serbia. His country built a fence along the border with Croatia, a country member of the EU. In November, Austria did the same with Slovenia, then Slovenia with Croatia. In November, the terrorist attacks in Paris are sway public opinion.

Another shock to the culture of hospitality is caused by the events of the New Year in Cologne, with assaults and sexual harassment attributed to men of arab origin. The link between muslims, terrorism and rape, fueling a wave of fear and rejection of refugees. Meanwhile, a political decision with heavy consequences was made in Brussels : the institution of centres of registration and identification of migrants at points of entry to the european Union, mainly in Italy and Greece, with the obligation to identify the newcomers by force of fingerprints. In return, the european commission, chaired by Jean-Claude Juncker, proposed a distribution of asylum seekers between member States.

Wave of xenophobic

However, if the centres became operational, the redistribution did not follow. In the end, only 13 000 asylum seekers were transferred from Italy and a little more than 20 000 from Greece. However, the asylum policy have not been written in Italy, as in Greece, until now, was to facilitate the transit of migrants towards the EU, most of them demand nothing better.

→ TO READ. Migrants and coronavirus : the new amalgam of european nationalists

But the new centres of registration and identification, the greater the reinforcement of the border controls put in place by the neighbouring States, led to a rise in asylum claims in both countries, fueling a wave of xenophobic. In Italy, on the number of people arriving by sea, only 37 % had sought asylum in the country in 2014. The rate rose to 56 % in 2015, 68 % in 2016, to reach 100 % in 2017.

While the immigration, in Italy as in the rest of western Europe, is predominantly female and european, the perception of the most common, swollen by a hostile propaganda, identifies the immigrants to young african men, coming from the sea. This immigration, stationary over the years, is also qualified as an invasion.

Europe retreat

In fact, as early as 2016, the entry of refugees, mainly syrians, from Turkey was stopped by the agreement of 18 march with Ankara. In exchange for a substantial package of economic assistance and political concessions, including a tolerance, not written for the turning point’s authoritarian president Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey has assumed the role of policeman outside the european borders.

In 2017, the central corridor of the Mediterranean was closed by the agreements concluded by the Italian government with the government and local militias of the libyan. The arrivals by sea in Europe increased from 1 015 000 in 2015 to 114 000 in 2018. Nearly 90 % less ! At the same time, asylum requests have ebbed : 700 000 in 2017 ; 646 000 in 2018 ; 613 000 in 2019.

Rather than ” refugee crisis “, it should, therefore, speak of a ” crisis of the reception of refugees “. In 1999-2000, an EU smaller than today, had allowed the same number of asylum-seekers in 2015 – they came from Kosovo. Fifteen years later, public opinion scared and governments are uncertain, driven by populism, growing, chose to gradually ignore their humanitarian commitments. As shown by the violent push-back of migrants at the Greek-Turkish border in early march 2020, they have decided to retreat into a fortress Europe increasingly distant from their founding principles.

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Three looks

The issue of immigration irks the Europe. In most countries, it fuels the fears and fed the populist rhetoric. It also carries the division within the european Union and exacerbating tensions between the governments. That is why, five years after the “migration crisis” of 2015, three daily newspapers have declined to investigate together on the situation of migrants in their respective countries. Avvenire (Italy), Nederlands Dagblad (The netherlands) and The Cross are media of christian inspiration rooted in three different companies.

By publishing in parallel during the whole of this week their stories respective, they offer an exchange of glances, a variety of approaches which enrich the apprehension of the real. They wish to facilitate the dialogue between the peoples and to be a hyphen, Naples to Amsterdam via Nice or Paris. This partnership also emphasizes the involvement of multiple people in the reception and assistance of migrants. For christians, this support comes in a fidelity direct to the gospel message.

Jean-Christophe Ploquin

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The rescue operations of the” Ocean Viking ” cover in the Mediterranean

This is a crisis that the coronavirus and containment have completely passed under the radar. After three months of arrest, the vessel humanitarian Ocean Viking of the association SOS Mediterranean , the successor of the iconic Aquarius – went to sea Monday, June 22, in order to resume his rescues between Europe and Libya, as migrants continue to flee at the peril of their lives.

→ TO READ. The migrants abandoned in the Mediterranean

“There is a drastic increase of the departure “ and “our role is to save lives in the central Mediterranean, where there is a gap between Libya and the european countries “ who do not assume their rescue mission, down to edge Nicholas Romaniuk, which coordinates rescue operations at sea.

“It was not there, and people go through it anyway ! “

The latest data from the office of the High Commissioner united Nations for refugees (UNHCR) supports this finding. Between early January and late may, the attempts of crossings at the start of the Libya have increased by 150 %, compared to the same period last year.

“For years, it has been said that they were leaving because there were NGOS “ at sea, plague Nicholas Romaniuk, recalling that there are no more boat humanitarian was sailing in the area for several weeks during the pandemic. “It was not there, and we can now say categorically that people go through when even ! “

The return of theOcean Viking comes with an extra challenge : prevent the virus from spreading on the ship. For this, SOS Mediterranean has put in place a strict protocol, equipment almost surgical for marine-rescuers to a decontamination aboard, passing by places of isolation in containers in case of need.

Not to mention that the NGOS had to build up a medical team, after that its partner Médecins sans frontières (MSF) has slammed the door in April. A breakthrough is looming, however, over the course of the ship red and white flagged in norway who is scheduled to arrive off libyan waters on Thursday. The european borders reopened gradually.

Restart of european solidarity

The Sea-Watch 3the German NGO, Sea-Watch, and the Mare Jonio, of the Italian Mediterranea Saving Humans, are the first two boats to be returned to the area, respectively on 8 and 10 June. Thirteen days later, the Sea-Watch announced Sunday the transfer of 211 shipwrecked on a ferry in a port in sicily, where they will observe a quarantine. On the same day, the Mare Jonio announced that it had landed, also in Sicily, 67 people rescued the previous day.

→ TO READ. The Europeans let themselves die twelve people in the Mediterranean sea

“This is good news, we see the restart of a european solidarity “says Frédéric Penard, responsible for SOS Mediterranean. Before tempering : “so we are back to the situation prior to the Covid, where the landings can be decided on a case-by-case basis. This is not enough, because there is no automatic mechanism “.

A new “pact of migration” soon to be presented in Brussels

Since the signing of the preliminary agreement of The Valetta, which had helped draft last September, the terms of such a mechanism which would make automatic the reception of migrants in several european countries, Italy and Malta, in the first line, have their eyes glued to the pact of migration, which should be unveiled in the coming days in Brussels.

→ TO READ. European pact on migration, a project in the impasse

“This is an emergency. We hope that an effort will be made to a european system that protects, that integrates with and who is aware that these are not the rich countries that bear the brunt of the refugee reception “ in the world, ” said Paolo Artini, representative in France of the UNHCR.

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firetrap to sit and kick, “they killed him barrel” – Free Daily

Pure horror against our police. All at three in the morning, in Milan, in the area of piazzale Loretowhere it erupts in a violent fight in a bar. Shortly after, arrive to a policeman. And in eight the ring and the massacre of the barrel, forcing him to the shelter. Podcast.itthat reconstructs the story, explain that the agent assaulted a marshal in the head, and for 50 years, and was not in service when it was pounded. Simply, in a spirit of service, he had tried to quell the spirits. But after he showed the badge was attacked by eight people that they would all be foreign, and it was firetrap to sit, kicks and punches. “I have destroyed the barrel,” says a source cited always by podcast.en. Episodes of ordinary and shocking violence..

As well, immigrants who buy the permits, the manger of the Count-Casalino. Salvini, video-shock and a complaint
Bullies and their owners, deal drugs, rape, Iva Zanicchi sbrocca about immigrants live: do you Know why can they do it?

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