Rospotrebnadzor explained the danger of taking antibiotics for influenza :: Society :: RBC

Photo: Igor Ivanko / AGN “Moscow”

Taking antibiotics without a doctor’s prescription for the flu may not contribute to recovery, but, on the contrary, harm health. This was announced by Rospotrebnadzor in an article on influenza and measures for its prevention. Text published on the website of the department.

“Taking antibiotics in the early days of the flu is a big mistake. Antibiotics are not able to cope with the virus, and besides, they kill the normal microflora and weaken the immune system, ”the press service explained.


The WHO reminded of the inability of the influenza vaccine to protect against COVID-19



The department also emphasized that antibiotics are prescribed by doctors only in case of complications caused by the addition of a bacterial infection.

The best way to avoid infection is through a vaccination procedure. Rospotrebnadzor explained that the composition of the drug changes annually in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization. The most favorable months for the procedure are September-November.

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Coronavirus News | They detect how long immunity against the coronavirus lasts | Trends

Antibodies from covid-19 infected patients remain in the body for at least four months after infection and provide immunity against the virus during that time, according to a study published Tuesday by the Finnish National Institute of Health and Welfare (THL).

Lea: (‘Lockdowns should be the last resort against covid-19’, WHO)

The research, prepared by THL in collaboration with the city of Helsinki, analyzed as of March a total of 129 people from 39 families, in which at least one of their members had tested positive for covid-19 in a PCR test.

Lea: (People who are overweight and obese at risk for the most serious covid-19)

The study confirmed that 63 of the 64 people who tested positive developed antibodies during the first month of infection, and also found antibodies in 17 other individuals who had tested negative in the PCR test.

According to THL, the amount of antibodies in those infected decreased during follow-up, although four months after infection almost all individuals still had both antibodies that detect the viral nucleoprotein and neutralizing antibodies to the virus.

“The results of this study confirm the evidence that the antibodies produced after a natural infection and his potential immunity would last at least four months “Merit Melin, THL’s research director, said in a statement.

Melin admitted that it is not yet known with certainty what type of immunity it is that protects the human body against a new COVID-19 infection, although experts believe that it is the one provided by neutralizing antibodies. It is also unclear how long specific antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 virus persist in the body cause of covid-19, since the investigations carried out to date show very diverse results.

THL plans to continue its study to examine the prevalence of antibodies and the possible immunity of infected people after six and seven months, results expected by the end of this year.

EFE

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Covid-19 Reinfection Increases, Threatens Immunity to Viruses

KOMPAS.com- Results of a patient mapping study Covid-19 who experienced reinfection against this disease, it can be threatening immunity sustainable.

The study is published in the journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases, which is done by mapping cases Covid-19 reinfection in the United States.

According to this study, Covid-19 patients may experience more symptoms the second time they are infected virus new corona.

Based on these studies, as quoted from Science Alert, Tuesday (13/10/2020), showed that due to exposure corona virus this likely will not guarantee future immunity.

Also read: Decreased antibodies to Covid-19, UK Study Reveals Potential for Reinfection

A 25-year-old male patient from Nevada, infected with two variants SARS-CoV-2 virus different within a 48 day period.

Her second infection was more severe, resulting in the patient being hospitalized with oxygen assistance.

In the study paper also noted four case of reinfection others, confirmed globally. Each patient came from Belgium, Netherlands, Hong Kong and Ecuador.

From the study’s findings, researchers concluded that it is possible that Covid-19 reinfection could have a major impact on how the world tries to deal with this pandemic.

Also read: Covid-19 Infection in Indonesian Children Highest in Asia, Why?

Researchers warn that this condition can contribute to hunting and development vaccine corona is currently being carried out by scientists around the world.

“The possibility of reinfection could have significant implications for understanding Covid-19 immunity, especially if there is no effective vaccine,” said Mark Pandori, from the Nevada State Public Health Laboratory, the study’s senior author.

Therefore, Pandori added that further research from this study is needed to be able to understand how long immunity can last for those who have been exposed to the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

In addition, further research is expected to answer the question of why some of these second reinfection appear more severe, although this is a rare case.

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Researchers question immunity after infection

A 25-year-old contracted the corona virus twice within a short period of time. Researchers compared the diseases – and made a disturbing discovery.

In the professional world, rare cases of a second corona infection have questions about the immunity triggered against the virus. The debate in the United States is based on a 25-year-old from Reno, Nevada, who tested positive in April and showed mild symptoms. At the end of May the virus was detected again in him, this time with a more severe clinical picture, according to an article in the specialist journal “Lancet Infectious Diseases”.

“Re-infection is possible”

Doctors in Nevada used very complex methods to compare the coronaviruses in the two diseases in men and found that they are genetically different. “It is becoming increasingly clear that re-infection is possible, but we cannot yet say how common it will be,” said Simon Clarke, a microbiologist at Reading University, UK.

If people can easily become infected again, this will have an impact on vaccination programs and forecasts of how long they will last pandemic persists. Medicine professor Paul Hunter from the UK’s East Anglia University said these findings showed that too little was known about the immune response to the virus.

Vaccination expert Brendan Wren of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine said the Nevada case was the fifth documented re-infection in the world. This shows that a vaccine cannot guarantee 100% protection. “But with 40 million people infected worldwide, the incidence of re-infection is negligible and shouldn’t limit vaccine development efforts.”

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Breaking news: Striking study on coronavirus … Coronal immune account

In the studies on the pandemic in the government, especially the Ministry of Health, planning is carried out gradually according to the course of the epidemic. Intercity trips, which are mandatory in university entrance exams HES code implementation has started to be implemented in public buildings by some municipalities, especially in Istanbul. HES code It was stated that the obligation was also considered for hospitals and doctor’s offices. It was stated that HES code implementation could be implemented in public and private workplaces.

SENSITIVE GROUPS

In studies conducted on the susceptibility of age groups to the epidemic, it was found that there were serious problems between the ages of 17-35. It is stated that this age group does not follow the rules and is a carrier. In relation to this group, besides the enforcement and punishment, special studies should be done on raising awareness. It is stated that the most sensitive section is between the ages of 35-60, and there are occasional problems with those over 65.

30 PERCENT DECREASE IN ANKARA

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According to the latest data, the epidemic declined by 30 percent in Ankara. In Istanbul, it is stated that the first 10 days of October are important and data on those returning to the city will be seen on that date. It is claimed that the early measures taken in Istanbul can keep the gradual increase, which is described as ‘ladder’, under control. However, experts state that one person still infects at least 3 people, and the rate of spread should be reduced.

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5 Facts You Need to Know About Immunity

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IMMUNITY is a complex system of cells, tissues, and organs to protect the body. Immune system who is in charge of telling which body is the “friend” and which is the “enemy” to be destroyed. (Also read: Let’s Build Your Immune System by Eating Hot Chili Peppers)

Here are some things to know about the immune system. (See graphic: Immunization is Very Important to Strengthen Immunity from Children to Adults)

1. The gut works as a guard
The largest part of the human immune system is in the digestive tract or intestine. According to the data, the digestive tract is also the part of the immune system that works the hardest. This section also continues to distinguish good and bad bacteria to maintain general body health. (Also read: Tempe Becomes Diet Food and Can Maintain a Healthy Intestine)

2. It is rarely wrong
For the majority of healthy people, the immune system adapts by constantly changing and responding to new germs, be they viruses, bacteria or parasites, every day. Continuous exposure to these germs makes the immune system continue to study germs and build strength to fight them. (Also read: Myths and Facts About Food That Can Spread the Corona Virus)

However, in rare cases, errors can occur and cannot differentiate between germs and healthy cells. Immune system disorders also make our bodies more susceptible to infection.

3. Improve the immune system
Having a healthy lifestyle is the most effective way to keep the immune system working optimally. This means getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, eating healthy foods, managing stress, and not smoking. (Also read: Difficult to lose weight? You can live these 2 diet patterns)

4. Antibodies are our army
When the body detects germs or foreign substances that trigger an immune system response, the body makes antibodies. Once antibodies are formed, it will remember the type of foreign substance and make a fight so that the foreign substance does not attack again. Understanding the function of these antibodies leads to vaccination. (Also read: Antibody Production and Resistance, Big Challenges for Covid-19 Vaccine Developers)

5. The best period for the thymus gland
The thymus gland, located behind the sternum, between the lungs, is responsible for producing white blood cells or lymphocytes (T cells). Immature T cells are sent to the thymus for maturation and become a very important part of the immune system.

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5 Reasons for Choosing Eggs as a Breakfast Menu, Good for Increasing Immunity

TEMPO.CO, JakartaEgg often labeled as a food to watch out for because of its high cholesterol content. But that’s not entirely true because eggs are one of the most nutritious foods in the world. So, many people make it as a breakfast menu to start a good day.

Whether boiled, scrambled, poached, omelette, or beef eye eggs, every serving of eggs is full of protein, vitamins and minerals. This food is also affordable, can be prepared and mixed with anything, be it for salad, bread, or pasta.

Here are five reasons to make eggs a daily menu in your diet, as reported by Arab News, Monday, September 21, 2020.

1. High in protein

Protein consists of 21 different amino acids linked together. Of the 21 types needed, the body cannot make nine of them so they must come from food.

Eggs contain all nine of these essential amino acids. That is why they are often called high quality or perfect protein. Each large egg contains about 6 grams of protein.

2. Helps lose weight

With only 77 calories and almost no carbs, eggs have a high satiety index. This will keep you feeling full longer, thereby reducing cravings for snacking.

Many studies have shown that eating eggs is for breakfast can keep hunger at bay so that fewer calories are consumed for the rest of the day.

One study revealed that people who ate the same calories from eggs versus bagels for breakfast lost 65 percent more body weight and had 34 percent greater reduction in waist circumference.

3. Improve cholesterol balance

In the past, eggs have often gotten a bad reputation for their high cholesterol content, around 162 milligrams. However, more recent research has shown that there is no link between eggs and an increased risk of heart disease.

Cholesterol very important for bodily functions. You only need to adapt it to the needs of the body. Consuming eggs turns out to increase the good HDL cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein) and lower the bad cholesterol LDL (low-density lipoprotein).

4. Healthy immune system

Eggs are rich in protein, vitamin D, vitamins B2, B5, B12, vitamin E, folate, lutein and omega-3, all of which can play a role in boosting immunity or immunity and reducing the spread of bacteria and viruses.

Eggs are very rich in selenium (22 percent of the recommended daily intake), which helps boost immunity, reduce DNA damage, and destroy cancer cells.

5. Improves vision

Eggs are a good source of omega 3 fatty acids for people who do not eat oily fish. Omega 3 this is important to help maintain brain function and vision.

Egg yolks also contain antioxidants called lutein and zeaxanthin which protect the eyes from the harmful rays of the sun and reduce the risk of macular degeneration and cataracts. These two problems are the main causes of visual disturbances and blindness in older people.

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Physical activity, a key factor for immunity

Different studies agree on the benefits of exercising regularly to favor the immune system and avoid infections, especially in the so-called risk groups.

It is known that regular physical activity brings countless benefits to people of any age and that, in return, sedentary lifestyle causes all kinds of disorders. However, in times of pandemic, carrying out a physical exercise routine becomes difficult, and at the same time, without a vaccine or scientifically proven preventions against COVID, the question arises as to whether physical exercise represents an advantage or not for the system immune when it comes to avoiding contagions. However, according to sports doctors, infectologists and physical education teachers, exercise seems to be a key tool that everyone should use.

According to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, USA), “exercise has a profound impact on the normal functioning of the immune system. Regular exercise at moderate intensity has been shown to improve immune responses, decrease chronic inflammation, and improve various immune indicators in various diseases, including cancer, AIDS, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. And on the other hand, the COVID-19 pandemic has meant that social distancing and confinement may have a negative effect on immunity, as glucocorticoids such as cortisol are elevated during periods of isolation and confinement, and can inhibit many functions. criticism of our immune system. Therefore, it is vitally important that we try to keep our levels of physical activity within the recommended guidelines, since not only can there be a direct positive effect of exercise on the cells and molecules of the immune system, but it can also counteract the effects negative effects of isolation and confinement stress on various aspects of immunity ”.

“And although there is currently no scientific data on the effects of exercise on coronaviruses – adds the US report – there is evidence that exercise can protect people from many other viral infections, including influenza, rhinoviruses (causing the common cold) and viruses related to herpes. By staying active we are likely to boost our immune systems to help minimize the damaging effects of the virus, to improve our symptoms, to speed up our recovery, and to decrease the likelihood that we may infect others with whom we come in contact. “

During these days, also, two new studies, complementary and timely, about the relationship between exercise and vaccines were presented. Both investigations, in which the same group of runners, swimmers, wrestlers, cyclists and other elite athletes participated, suggest that intense training increases the response to a vaccine, a finding of special relevance at this time, when the researchers are already working in the final stages of developing a vaccine against COVID 19.

IN RISK GROUPS

While in our country the restrictions are gradually being released and these days it is possible to exercise outdoors, those who seem to reach the most limitations to exercise are the members of the so-called risk groups.

Regarding this, the Physical Education teacher, specialist in cardiovascular rehabilitation, Gabriela Tricerri, explains that “physical activity is something that we should all sustain all the time, especially coronary patients, even under social isolation. For this, it would be good to have a stationary bicycle at home, but even if there is not one, many very simple and basic exercises can be performed that are of low load and low intensity, since quarantine does not have to be static ”.

“For physical exercise,” he added, “incentives are always very important, and it happens to all of us that when we go to a gym it is more pleasant because the environment predisposes and because there are acquaintances with whom we share the practice, but for that you can also think alternatives. In this sense, social networks are very helpful because WhatsApp or Facebook groups are generated with people who share their experiences or encourage each other, or even recommend ways of exercising at home; all this is valid to sustain the commitment to physical activity ”.

Cardiologist Gabriel Lapman shares the same view when he maintains that “social isolation is an exceptional situation, and it is best that people with heart problems sustain some type of physical exercise at home, because sedentary lifestyle deteriorates many functions, and even in the smaller department you can do sit-ups, squats or, if you can, have a stationary bike or a treadmill ”.

“Cardiac patients, such as those with other chronic diseases,” Lapman added, “are part of the risk group for the COVID-19 pandemic, and that is why it is necessary to set short-term goals, to stay in contact with their environment through the multiple digital channels that we have today, and that they do not abandon physical activity, since otherwise it can cause depression, stress or anxiety, which affect the condition of patients with heart problems ”.

EXERCISES AND IMMUNITY

An American professor, Dr. Richard Simpson, Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology at the University of Arizona, recently offered a powerful answer about the benefits of physical activity on the immune system.

“Physical exercise,” he noted, “has a profound impact on the normal functioning of the immune system, and it has been shown that having higher cardiorespiratory fitness scores, adjusted for sex and age, and exercising regularly at moderate to vigorous intensity, they improve the immune response to vaccination, decrease chronic low-grade inflammation and improve various immune indicators in various diseases, including cancer, HIV, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cognitive limitations and obesity.

“Dynamic cardiorespiratory exercise involving the whole body,” he explained, “instantly mobilizes literally billions of immune cells, especially those types of cells capable of performing effector functions such as the recognition and elimination of virus-infected cells. The immune cells that are mobilized with exercise are activated and “fighting”, and their frequent recirculation between the blood and the tissues works in a way that increases immune vigilance, which, in theory, makes us more resistant to infections and It better equips us to deal with any infectious agents that have managed to establish themselves. For this reason it is vitally important that we try to keep our levels of physical activity within the recommended guidelines. Not only can there be a direct positive effect of exercise on the cells and molecules of the immune system; but also exercise can counteract the negative effects of isolation and confinement stress on various aspects of immunity ”.

“And while it is true that exercise might not prevent us from becoming infected if we are exposed,” he concluded, “it is likely that by staying active we boost our immune system to help minimize the harmful effects of the virus, to improve our symptoms, to speed up our recovery and to decrease the probability that we can infect other people.

On the other hand, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States prepared a document in which it addresses how physical exercise can protect from an infection by raising the defenses, and in that sense it maintained that “there are effects of social distancing and confinement On Immunity: Glucocorticoids like cortisol are elevated during periods of isolation and confinement and can inhibit many critical functions of our immune system. When we are stressed, the ability of our T cells to multiply in response to infectious agents is markedly reduced, so it is vitally important that our immune cells maintain the ability to redistribute themselves so that they can “patrol” vulnerable areas in our body (eg example, the upper part of the respiratory tract and lungs) to prevent viruses and other pathogens from finding a foothold for invasion, an important process to minimize the impact of the virus and accelerate viral resolution if we become infected ”.

Physical activity improves indicators in serious diseases such as AIDS and cancer

They also reported favorable responses in cases of diabetes, heart problems and obesity

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Hospitals postpone operations. They are being prepared in the autumn for coronavirus confused and frightened patients

“Unfortunately, this is quite common in our country. People come to us directly with banal diseases, which of course burdens our doctors, who should solve even severe cases. With the advent of autumn viruses and the flu, we expect that such cases will increase by an order of magnitude and people will simply come straight to the hospital, despite all the recommendations, “confirms MUDr. Lukáš Velev, MHA, director of the Jihlava Hospital.

It’s not easy or cheap

According to him, confirmation or exclusion of the diagnosis is not cheap or easy. “Just providing protective aids for workers who take samples and are in contact with newcomers would cost us about 100,000 crowns a day in the spring.”

There are many reasons why people come straight to the hospital – some do not have their own internship, they are not registered anywhere. Either they did not need a general practitioner yet, or they are from abroad. Many people have a trainee, but because they work in another city and their GP is far away, they choose the alternative closest to where they actually live. “Unfortunately, in the spring we met with the fact that the general practitioner closed the surgery at the time of the risk and did not even coordinate by phone,” adds MUDr. Velev.

They can go up to 1,000 samples

In connection with the autumn, the Vinohrady hospital is also preparing for increased operation. “We are preparing for a higher number of patients who will go to the collections based on recommendations from practitioners. From the existing 300 samples taken daily, we are ready to go to 1,000. In laboratories, we increase capacity – we buy more chemicals, strengthen staff, now we buy a new device that will perform tests quickly – within 90 minutes, “calculates prof. MUDr. Petr Arenberger, DrSc, MBA, FCMA.

In addition, the hospital again activates the so-called fever clinic on the central intake of internal medicine, in which doctors separate patients with inflammatory diseases manifested by cough and fever from patients who have, for example, a heart attack. “In practice, this means that those who cough and have a fever and suspect pneumonia or embolism or just covid-19 are isolated until we get their PCR results. In the autumn, we intend to speed up the tests so that our patients do not accumulate. Which was a problem in the spring. But it’s quite expensive, so we’ll use it primarily for contentious cases. “

Costs millions more

The increased costs associated with the adaptation of the hospital to the autumn wave of the infected are in the order of millions of crowns, hand in hand with the downtime associated with postponing care – especially orthopedic operations, joint replacements, etc.

The hospital thus strives to save and operate as efficiently as possible. “We are actively looking for new drugs, especially those that can replace the original ones and whose patent protection has expired. Other manufacturers will get the green light to produce them as well. For example, in our gastroenterological, rheumatological or dermatological center, we treat suitable patients with biosimal preparations, ie new versions of existing biological drugs for which patent protection has expired. The price of so-called biosimilars is orders of magnitude lower and their properties coincide with the original biologics. In addition, we are making the treatment available to a much larger number of patients in the region than would have been possible before, ”added the director of the Jihlava hospital.

WHERE NOW: Central Bohemia is YES to laugh again. As part of the campaign, two names, one person, came up with tactics.

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Top US infectious disease specialist named three best ways to boost immunity

Photo: iStock

Anthony Fauci, the top US infectious disease specialist, gave three tips to help keep your immune system strong. About it writes Business Insider.

Take vitamins C and D

Anthony Fauci advises adding vitamins C and D to the diet: “There is strong evidence that low vitamin D levels in the body increase the risk of contracting coronavirus.” Vitamin D not only successfully fights inflammatory processes in the body, but also helps it to strengthen bones by absorbing calcium more easily, the doctor said.

Vitamin C, in turn, helps the body absorb iron. Fauci recommends taking 1,000 mg of vitamin C per day, but for most people this is a fairly high dose. Especially for those who eat fruits and vegetables every day. Experts from Harvard Medical School believe that taking 100 mg of the vitamin is sufficient. The maximum dosage is 2 thousand mg per day.

You can get the right amount of vitamins by eating a cup of strawberries, a few handfuls of raw green bell peppers, or 2 cups of stewed cabbage, Fauci said.

Get enough sleep

The duration of sleep varies from person to person, but for most people it is 7-8 hours, the doctor said.

Avoid stress

Among the best (and easiest) ways to deal with stress are regular exercise, meditation, breathing practices, a hot bath, massage, listening to music, time with a loved one or dog, Fauci explained.

“Leading a healthy lifestyle is healthier than taking all kinds of supplements,” he added.

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