The impact of the Covid-19 under the gaze of the researchers

How should we think about a pandemic ? How to measure and qualify its impact on society, art, report to work or spirituality ? What are some of the questions dizzy which researchers from all disciplines will now endeavour to answer, so that France came out of the wave of the Covid-19. And this is the task that assigns an institute that has just been launched under the auspices of several universities and research institutes, called Covid-19 Ad Memoriam.

The new institute, which brings together actors as diverse as the university of Paris, the École normale supérieure (ENS), the Samu93 or artists or religious leaders, intends to take action in two areas : on the one hand, constitute a research platform, enabling actors of universe very different from the sharing of experiences and analyses of the pandemic ; the other, to formulate proposals to put to the point of “new practices commemorative “ on the Covid.

→ FORUM. “World after” and collective memory

Work of researchers such as the philosopher and co-director of the ENS, Frédéric Worms, the president of the High Council of public health Franck Chauvin, judge Antoine Garapon or even the anaesthetist and chairman of the advisory board to the Foundation of the islam of France Sadek Beloucif. The first work should be made in the fall.

“We are forced to think of walking “

“Experience without the pass, it is a kind of betrayal “, insist the anthropologist Laetitia Atlani, quoting Elie Wiesel. The researcher, who pilot the new institute is also a member of the team of scientists who advised the Government during the pandemic. It is estimated that such a reflection is indispensable. And you have to start now. “It is necessary to take the time – and the long time — thinking : it is a space to develop between the responses to warm and rapid oblivion. But it is necessary to take note now that there has already been a breakdown in our society, even if the story of the pandemic is not over : we are forced to think while walking. Half of the planet has been stopped for several weeks “, insists Laetitia Atlani.

If the researcher says that the institute will draw on the work that have been conducted around major moments of rupture, like the plague, the war of 1914, or, more recently, the attacks of 13-November. The effect of the Covid-19 on the company is it really comparable to that of a war ? “It is too early to tell “, replied the anthropologist.


Putin said about the negative attitude to the words Zelensky of the Soviet Union :: Politics :: RBC

The statement of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, to put USSR on a par with Nazi Germany, would have a negative impact on Russian-Ukrainian relations. This was announced by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin on air of the program “Moscow. The Kremlin. Putin” on TV channel “Russia 1”.

“Negatively. I think that for him — Vladimira Aleksandrovicha — nothing good is not, bearing in mind that Ukraine itself suffered greatly during the Second world war”, — said the Russian President.

In early January, Vladimir Zelensky during a visit to Poland, said that Ukraine supports Warsaw’s position is that the responsibility for the outbreak of world war II on the Soviet Union.

As noted by the Ukrainian leader, Poland became the first country that “felt a conspiracy of totalitarian regimes.” Zelensky said that this is what led to the outbreak of the Second world war and “allowed the Nazis to launch deadly flywheel of the Holocaust.” The President also urged the democratic state to unite and “not to remain silent, as it was in 1939”.

Naryshkin accused Zelensky immersion in Ukrainian nationalism

Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov, commenting on the statement Zelensky, said that the words of the Ukrainian President should be offensive to the Russians, the millions of inhabitants of the CIS countries and Ukraine.

Putin in a telephone conversation with Zelensky pointed to the inadmissibility of distorting historical truth about the events of the Second world war.


Fire on the submarine ” the Pearl “, the impact will be major on the operations of the navy

The fire that has ravaged, Friday 12 June, the submarine nuclear attack Pearlin dry dock for renovation on the building of Toulon, lasted fourteen hours. It has been a “unheard of violence “, according to the minister for the armed forces Florence Parly, on-site the next day. “The submarine looks like one of those wrecks that can be seen under the water “, note an officer of the Navy, which did not show very optimistic on the ability of the building to return to sea.

→ THE FACTS. Toulon : the fire has been controlled on board the submarine military ” Pearl “

The submarine, which had no nuclear fuel and no weapons onboard, has been very badly damaged inside. But its thick shell has been damaged ? The building entered service in 1993, will he be out of use ? The ministry of the armed forces had exhumed the contracts to look at the responsibilities of each party and the time of analysis. Investigations judicial and technical have been launched and the general inspectorate of the armies was seized. “We expect the data of expertise on the materials. The minister wishes to have an idea of the options to be submitted to the president of the Republic before the end of the month of July “, indicates his / her office, Monday, June 15.

The master of works, Shipyard Group, has commissioned its own surveys. “For the moment, the origin of the fire is not known and we examine all the assumptionssays a manager of the industrial group. The most important thing is to understand and measure the extent of the damage to see if it is possible to repair or not. “

The escort of the SSBN that ensure the nuclear deterrence

Without waiting for the results of the expertise, the ministry of the armed forces knows that the incident will have consequences on certain military missions. “The fire will have no impact on operations in 2020, since the program of the activity of the submarines had been made without the Pearlhis technical stop is planned for one year. On the other hand, the fire will have a major impact in 2021, and we are working to modify the activity other SNA “, explains captain Eric Lavault, a spokesman for the Navy.

The nuclear submarine attack (SNA) plays an important role in several types of missions, including intelligence. They are in support of the nuclear submarines launchers of machines (SSBN), which will ensure the permanent presence at sea of nuclear deterrence, and escort the aircraft carrier Charles-de-Gaulle, which will return to sea in September. They can also be projected on the different theatres of operations. This is the case in the Mediterranean, near the coasts of Syria and Libya, or even in the Indian ocean.

Three SNA operational and maintenance currently

France has officially six SNA type Ruby since 1983 – five, in reality, after the disarmament of the Sapphire in July 2019. Three, therefore, are operational, the Rubythe Casabianca and theEmeraldwhile a last, theAmethyst is in maintenance.

The SNA are designed to sail 220 days per year and two crews of 70 men are needed for each, specified by the ministry of the armed forces. The activity of a crew takes place in the following way : “Six weeks of training on the simulators of underwater navigation ; and three to five weeks of maintenance carried out in common by the two crews and the second crew returning from a mission : it is the handover between the two crews ; thirteen weeks of operational activity at sea ; a new maintenance period for the return of the sea ; the permissions. “

The submarines of the class Ruby will be gradually replaced by those of the new class Barracudaincluding the first copy, the Suffren, started at the end of April its sea trials. But it will not be delivered to that end of 2020 in the Directorate general of armaments. In service until in the years 2060, it will also support missions to nuclear deterrence and intelligence along the coasts. “We expect the Suffren discretion almost ten times higher than the sub-marine current “explained the past year The Cross, the captain Bertrand Dumoulin, former commander of the SNA Pearl then the SSBN The Terrible.


it affects not only the lungs, but the whole body

The first 10 days after the onset of symptoms of the disease, the 38-year-old American was feeling quite well. He was not at risk; he had no chronic diseases.

– The man was examined, the disease was mild. The patient had a slight cough. Therefore, he was sent home for treatment, ”says the head of the Department of Vascular Surgery at Westchester Medical Center Sean Wengerter.

And then the incredible happened.

One morning, a man woke up with icy and numb legs. The body was constrained by terrible weakness; there was not even the strength to get out of bed.

The examination showed that the patient had aortic occlusion – a large blood clot formed in the main artery at the place where the artery diverged in two directions – to the right and left leg. Because of this clot, blood enriched with oxygen did not enter the iliac arteries.

“This is extremely dangerous.” From this can die from 20% to 50% of patients, – notes Vangerter. – But such things are not typical for 38-year-olds.

An emergency operation to remove a blood clot could save the patient’s life. But doctors working with patients with COVID-19 are everywhere faced with rather strange and frightening phenomena in infected patients. For example, the formation of blood clots (actually blood clots) of various sizes throughout the body, renal failure, inflammation of the heart muscle and malfunctions of the immune system.

“Coronavirus occurs in each patient in its own way,” notes Scott Brackenridge, associate professor of emergency surgery at the College of Medicine at the University of Florida. – In some cases, the patient has a problem with breathing, in others, the internal organs begin to fail. In children, the immune system as a whole begins to rebel.

Coronavirus is not just a respiratory diseasePhoto: Ivan MAKEEV


A new type of coronavirus is considered to be a respiratory virus, although it is already becoming obvious – the infection affects the entire human body. The most common symptoms are fever, pneumonia, and acute respiratory distress syndrome.

In this case, the virus attacks some organs directly. First of all, the mucous membrane of blood vessels, which entails unnatural coagulation of blood.

– COVID-19 provokes a local inflammatory reaction that leads to the formation of blood clots, – explains Wengerter. – This is due to the direct effect of the virus on the arteries.

A number of doctors recorded strokes in young patients with coronavirus, as well as the formation of blood clots in the lungs. Blood clots were found even in the smallest vessels.

“Since each organ feeds on blood vessels, and the virus attacks them first and foremost, we end up with damage to internal organs,” adds Dr. Scott Brackenridge.

Another serious symptom that is observed in some patients who become ill with the new coronavirus is the “co-fingers.” The infected toes swell, becoming red or purple. It is possible that the reason for this is blockage of blood vessels. But doctors say that usually this does not have serious consequences.

Kawasaki Syndrome

One of the most alarming reactions to COVID-19 is observed in children. It has already been named as a children’s multisystem inflammatory syndrome. In newYork Doctors have identified more than 100 cases.

This syndrome is characterized by a rather long fever, inflammatory process, malfunction of one or more internal organs, as well as the general condition, which is usually observed with shock. Pediatricians also compare these symptoms with the syndrome. Kawasaki.

Kawasaki syndrome is a rare disease that affects children aged 3 to 10 years. It is characterized by damage to the medium and small arteries, thrombosis, the formation of aneurysms and rupture of the vascular wall. Cases of infection are rare. However, recently, doctors have noted an increase in the number of patients with this syndrome.

Both childhood multisystem inflammatory syndrome and Kawasaki syndrome lead to an overly aggressive immune system response to coronavirus. This may be accompanied by inflammation of the blood vessels and heart muscle.


However, scientists note that coronavirus is not able to cause a strong immune response, but, on the contrary, suppress the entire immune system. And this can allow the infection to freely attack the internal organs.

Partly this theory was confirmed by Chinese experts, led by Dr. Zhang Zhang. Scientists analyzed samples of immune cells taken from the lungs of 9 patients infected with coronavirus. The results of the study showed an abnormally high level of leukocytes – macrophages and neutrophils responsible for the destruction of harmful pathogen – in severe patients. At the same time, these patients had a rather low level of CD8 T cells, which are called killer cells. They are responsible for killing virus-infected cells.

But doctors are reassuring, noting that they have drugs that can thin the blood, and also help the work of white blood cells that resist infection.


Sergey Mardan: In the USA, the clinic would simply go broke if the ventilator apparatus exploded and people died


How can we reduce the impact of confinement on our sleep?

Known for his YouTube channel followed by 237,000 subscribers and for his book Sleeping well can be learned where he offers a two-month sleep rehabilitation program, the psychotherapist Benjamin Lubszynski gives some keys to better manage confinement and its impact on sleep. Interview.

How does containment play on sleep?

The first factor for sleep disorders is the level of anxiety, stress. We know through studies on SARS, H1N1 flu and even Covid in China that it increases with confinement, and with that all the problems related to it, including insomnia and in general sleep disturbances. This is an aggravating factor for those who already have sleeplessness, except perhaps for a small part which for once for the occasion to sleep in the morning.

Do the rhythms also not change in the evening?

Yes, many people also go to bed later, and that’s really annoying! To be healthy, mentally and physically, you have to sleep eight hours, almost always at the same hours. However in a situation of confinement, we have a strange perception of time, the days drag on and at the same time are very empty, unsatisfactory, therefore as in a situation of unemployment, illness, retirement, or other situations where we is less active, there is a natural tendency to postpone bedtime. Sometimes until 3 a.m. – 4 a.m. And that’s very bad for sleep.

But what does it matter if we also shift in the morning, the duration remains the same?

The weather stays the same, but there is much less slow, deep sleep, so sleep is less restorative. We can sleep eight hours and be completely exhausted.

Are some of them going through and not being impacted?

There are happy natures who do all that is not necessary for sleep and who sleep very well in five minutes! Men often have far more sleep disorders than women. Only there are aggravating factors for everyone: stress, screens, lack of exposure to light, lack of exercise …

What would be your advice to resist better?

You have to keep up the rhythms: getting up, having lunch, going to bed at a fixed time, well-organized activities, difference between weekdays and weekends… Because we are no longer obliged to do anything, we lose this rhythm, and it’s extremely disturbing . Try to give yourself eight hours a day of activity, even if it’s four hours of cool stuff and just four hours of work. Try to have a project so as not to be in a relationship where you are under confinement, it will be very important. Have routines. And if not the antidote, it is relaxation, whatever it is (hypnosis, meditation, cardiac coherence …) as long as it is daily and regular. It helps absorb the blows and reinforce its brake against stress. At the end of confinement, we will be calmer than at the beginning.

Beyond sleep, are you afraid of other effects of confinement later?

There will be considerable damage in terms of depression, increased anxiety, insomnia, anxiety attack, post-traumatic stress. But it is also very likely that there is a development of agoraphobia, even claustrophobia, of hypochondria, because, in general, the more one avoids a fear, the more it becomes stronger. And certainly many more knocks than before, hygiene and verification in particular. What we cannot predict is the gravity of the phenomenon. But waiting times at psychiatrists, now six months in Paris, will surely double!


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Insurance assumes changes in its future policies due to the impact of the pandemic

The balance left by the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic has forced insurers to take out the calculator to estimate what the evolution of the business may be when the confinement ends and, above all, when the activity returns to normal at medium and long term. And one of the first changes that the sector will face will be a reordering both in the offer of products to customers, and in the conditions of the insurance of the different branches, as well as in the price. Everything will depend on the commercial policy of each entity, but financial sources admit that insurers will have to carry out an evaluation exercise to adapt their business to a new reality.

Statistics show the link between the evolution of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the insurance premium income of the Non-Life branch of insurers. When in the middle of the 2009 recession the economy fell at a rate close to 4%, the billing of these general insurances (cars, health, death, home, etc.) also fell that 4%. With the recovery, the volume of premiums increased above what the economy did until 2017, according to data from the Directorate General of Insurance and Pension Funds. The sector assumes that growth will be less than in recent quarters due to the contraction in consumption itself.

In the case of car insurance, the sector is verifying, on the one hand, how the accident rate is much lower than before the state of alarm, which generates savings for companies. But, at the same time, premium income has decreased due to paralysis in the sale of vehicles, among other circumstances. From Mutua Madrileña, one of the main companies, which saw its Auto market share grow to around 14% in 2019, admit that “it will be a difficult year” because this industry will decrease the total volume of premiums for the entire sector. “It will take a lot of work so that in the following years” the situation will stabilize again, they indicate in the firm.

Different perspectives face health insurance. The health crisis has caused, among other circumstances, that a good part of the services contracted by clients (outpatients, dental clinics, etc.) cease to operate. In this sense, Mutua Madrileña has provided a support fund of 160 million euros (in addition to the package of support measures for 50 million to overcome the crisis). It will serve to provide liquidity to the professionals of your medical staff and hospital providers of Adeslas. In this way they try to mitigate the current situation, but also “facilitate the recovery of their activity” once the crisis is over.

But health insurance will also experience another reality when the pandemic passes. The type of active products, as well as their conditions, will change. This is what Francisco Valencia, director of the Communication and Sustainability area of ​​Línea Directa, explains as “a moment to reflect on the strengthening of coverage and analyze well the needs that may arise” derived from this crisis. He indicates that the future situation “will force exploration of routes” such as that of telemedicine, until now a minority, but whose weight will increase in the future.

The rate at which the economy itself returns to normal will determine the volume of premiums contracted by citizens and, therefore, the insurance companies’ own exit from the crisis. In the previous recession, their solvency levels were reinforced in general terms.

Suspend dividends

Now, the Ministry of Economy has asked insurers to paralyze the remuneration of their shareholders and not to assume irrevocable payment commitments or carry out operations that, like share repurchases, may have a materially equivalent effect, while the crisis continues. . The S&P agency considers that this decision does not imply any credit risk, but shows caution. Mapfre approved that deal at its March meeting, before the state of alarm. It will decide whether to suspend the 2020 dividend, as some banks have announced, depending on the situation.

Línea Directa –controlled by Bankinter– also maintains its plan to go public in the last quarter. And it is making progress in all legal, financial and administrative procedures to materialize the operation.


The UN insists that in Africa it could suffer “the greatest impact” of the virus

The Secretary General of the United Nations, António Guterres, insisted on Wednesday thatAfrica, “like during the climate crisis”, could also suffer“the greatest impacts” derived from the pandemicof the new coronavirus. “The crisis has far-reaching implications,” Guterres explained during a meeting with African leaders at the United Nations, where he advocated solidarity and cooperation at all levels to deal with the pandemic, since “like With the climate crisis, the African continent could end up suffering the greatest impacts. “

For its part, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has gone one step further and has predicted that“Africa will not be saved”, as an economic crisislike the one that will foreseeably come threatens to reverse the achievements that the continent has reaped with so much effort.

The latest IMF report for the sub-Saharan area of ​​the African continent contemplates a drop in growth in the region of 1.6 percent, added to the collapse in the prices of exports of key products as a result of the “severe interruptions” in the economic activity caused by the pandemic.

“Sub-Saharan Africa will not be saved,” warned the director of the IMF Departmentfor Africa Abebe Aemro Selassie. “Everything indicates that the Covid-19 pandemic will have a high human cost.”

That is why the IMF is asking African countries and their international partners to carry out ainvestment in poor health and healthcare servicesavailable, as well as more social aid to the most vulnerable population.

However, the United Nations has highlighted the work of some of these countries, whose governments have begun to “take the lead” in promoting measures that can help to counter this situation.

In this sense, the UN has explained that, following “thepainful lessons learned from recent Ebola outbreaks“Countries like Uganda, Namibia or Cape Verde are promoting aid, subsidies and food assistance at the state level and in collaboration with private companies in some cases.

Egypt, he stressed, is one of the countries that has reduced or postponed tax collection, while the institutions for the Control and Prevention of Diseases in Africa are working to respond to the problems that may arise from the Covid-19 pandemic

Thus, in Nigeria, for example, $ 2 million has been invested in the purchase of essential medical supplies, including 50 ventilators, 30,000 test kits and personal protective equipment.

Meanwhile, theWorld Health Organization (WHO), He has highlighted, has managed to increase the detection capacity of the virus throughout the continent, managing to go from two to 47 countries capable of carrying out tests that detect new positives among its population.

Although Africa is the continent least affected by the pandemic, which globally has exceeded two million positives and is close to almost 137,000 fatalities, the deficiencies of many African health systems, as well as the instability of many countries, makes it very It is difficult to have reliable data and face the pandemic with all the guarantees.


De Blasio presents “war” budget and demands urgent rescue from the Government – Telemundo New York (47)

NEW YORK – Ensuring health, safety, food and a roof for all are the priorities of the budget presented this Thursday by the city of New York, some accounts of “war” in the face of the coronavirus crisis, which come accompanied by an appeal to the American president Donald Trump to allow a “rescue” of the Big Apple.

With tax revenues slumping as a result of the slowdown in economic activity, the mayor, Bill de Blasio, announced “painful” cuts of more than $ 2 billion to try to balance the budget in the year that begins in June.

According to his calculations, New York is going to lose some 7,400 million dollars in income, a “horrible” number, according to admitted De Blasio, that requires a determined intervention of the federal Government.

The mayor urged Washington to cover this deficit in full and warned that without that money, the basic needs of New Yorkers cannot be guaranteed.

“If they can find 58,000 million to rescue the airlines, surely they can find 7,500 million for the largest city in the country,” stressed the mayor.

Democrat De Blasio appealed directly to Trump, whom he asked for a clear signal of support for his hometown for Senate Republicans to give the green light to necessary aid.

As he insisted, the city is already doing everything possible on its part, with a budget of $ 89.3 billion, $ 6 billion less than the proposal that the City Council had initially made in January, $ 3.4 billion less than last year’s accounts and using the reserves he had accumulated to have “balanced” accounts.

Among other things, the budget foresees that all public activities be drastically limited and, for example, this summer the swimming pools will not be opened.

De Blasio also warned New Yorkers not to hold out too much hope about beach opening, given the risk of contagion from the coronavirus posed by the huge crowds seen in places like Coney Island.

Public resources, he insisted, will be devoted to basic issues: health, safety, food and housing.

“These are four things that people are mostly thinking about and the government has to focus on those four things. Things that would have been a priority two or three months ago cannot be now. Things we would like to focus on in times of peace cannot be the priority in times of war and these are times of war, “said de Blasio.

The Democrat also warned Trump and Republicans that their desire to restart the economy as soon as possible will be ruined if the basic needs of the population are not met or if they precipitate and cause a resurgence of COVID-19. .

Trump, De Blasio insisted, has only one chance to do this well and, if he is wrong, he will regret it for a long time.

In addition, New York Police Commissioner Dermot Shea offered a video conference on Thursday to detail how the coronavirus has affected the city’s police forces to date.

Specifically, the New York police have registered 7,155 positive cases for COVID-19 among its members, about 20% of its staff and 27 officers have died from the virus.

Shea also detailed that it is estimated that between 1,400 and 1,500 of the sick police officers have returned to work.

“You start to see a little light at the end of the tunnel and it seems that the worst is over,” said Shea, who regretted the losses and asked for a moment of silence.