Fed will not go into minus – Kommersant newspaper No. 83 (6804) from 05/14/2020

The head of the Federal Reserve System (FRS), Jerome Powell, warned of the long-term risks of a deep recession and a fall in US employment, urging Congress and the White House to take new steps to support the US economy. At the same time, he said that the Fed does not consider the possibility of removing the key rate from the current near-zero level to the negative zone, on the eve of the desirability of such actions, US President Donald Trump said.

The US economy may face the long-term negative effects of the coronavirus outbreak, as liquidity problems eventually lead to bankruptcies, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell warned Wednesday. He invited the US Congress and the White House to take additional measures to help the economy. According to him, fiscal support, although it will entail an increase in the budget deficit (now it is about 20% of GDP, a level of 10% was considered acceptable in recent years), but it will allow the economy to recover faster.

Mr. Powell described the role of the Fed as “covering temporary liquidity problems,” recalling that the regulator can “lend, but not spend.”

The Fed has already made three decisions on additional measures to support the economy in a pandemic. At first, the discount rate was reduced, then short-term liquidity was announced, and at the end of March the regulator promised for the first time to use the “whole set of measures”, thereby effectively removing the limit on the volume of asset repurchases. In addition, large-scale concessional lending programs for the business were initiated with a total volume of $ 2.3 trillion (this is approximately 10% of the country’s GDP, see Kommersant on April 10). For its part, Congress approved three aid programs worth $ 2.9 trillion, equivalent to 14% of GDP.

In the United States, more than 20 million people have already lost their jobs. Among those who were busy in February and whose income does not exceed $ 40 thousand per year, now 40% do not work. Given such a sharp fall in employment, consumption is likely to wait for a slow recovery, according to ING Bank. This, in turn, will put additional pressure on inflation – in April, prices have already fallen by 0.8% month-on-month (including excluding food and energy – by 0.4%).

Donald trump on the eve again called on the Fed to further reduce rates, bringing them into the negative zone. He noted that other countries are already benefiting from this (the ECB, the central banks of Japan, Sweden and Switzerland used this measure at different times). However, Jerome Powell said Wednesday after the speech that members of the Federal Open Market Committee of the Fed did not, in principle, consider such a measure. In his speech, he also pointed out that low inflation has been accompanied in recent decades by the accumulation of imbalances in asset prices. The experience of countries where negative rates operate is not considered by experts as unambiguously successful, they add to ING, noting that the Fed is unlikely to shift them in the opposite direction in the next year and a half.

One of the problems of the controversy surrounding negative rates is the perceptible gap between the conclusions regarding the effects of the transition to the “economy of negative rates” that politicians make from standard economic models and the more complex constructions that the Fed uses.

The main problem of negative rates is that this step can be discussed along with others only in the concept of “least evil” and in the absence of other alternative monetary policy options. For example, a short-term negative rate, all other things being equal, may be an acceptable solution to problems with a sharp temporary reduction in bank capital. In the general simplified case, the provision of money at a negative percentage with high risks in the economy provokes banks to the only rational behavior: to fix the profit generated by the Fed for free, without essentially getting involved in any substantial projects. In this sense, the program of conditionally addressless distribution of funds by the government, up to “helicopter money”, looks in most cases a more reasonable alternative to a negative rate.

Tatyana Edovina, Dmitry Butrin


roommate-tyrant for three years beat the star of the “Factory of stars” Julia Parshutu

Singer Julia Parshuta made a very personal and frank confession. The scandal prompted the star of the Star Factory to take this step, which erupted after two interviews with Regina Todorenko. Fans decided that the TV presenter considers women guilty of men raising their hands on them. Parshuta said that for three years she lived with a home tyrant and was afraid to leave her roommate because he threatened her and her relatives.

In 2010 Julia Parshuta fell madly in love with a handsome handsome man. As it seemed to her, the chosen one was the smartest, most caring and attentive. “He was an energetic scholar – a man who is always interesting and fun with. I fell in love without memory. This was the first time with me. He was wonderful. The first few months,” she said.

And then real hell began. The first time he beat her, Julia persuaded herself to forgive him. The tyrant roommate was kneeling and begging forgiveness. “My family never had physical abuse. Therefore, I did not know that it was not treated with a wise word and a meek look. That it should not be forgiven,” the girl said.

She suffered beatings for three years. “In March 2013, a week after an appendectomy, on Nizhnyaya Syromyatnicheskaya street I got hit in the stomach with my fist, “decorated” with the stitches of the operation. A stab in the stomach from his man. Another blow, and only God knows which is the bill for our life together, “Julia Parshuta began her confession.

After that, the man took her phone, bag and car keys. But the girl still ran away from him to her friend. “Having come in, I asked her for water and said that my bag was stolen from me. And with all my strength I showed that everything was fine with me. The third year of our relationship was on. In fact, the third year in a box of fear and despair. Without the ability to search and find protection and exit, “writes the 32-year-old artist.

She also explained why before that she did not dare to leave Tirana. “He was strong. Very. It was the third year of “I-guilty-in-everything”, the third year of “I-worthless”, the third “I-not-for-nothing-capable” year. Because it was the third year I was intimidated to the bone. The third year, as the veil of hopelessness grew stronger from his threats. Because threats are not just me. The threat “I will cut your family” and “to you … if you go to the police”, ”the Star Factory participant shocked with revelation.

Parshuta stressed that for a long time she could not find the strength to admit that she was a victim of domestic violence. The actress urges women not to be silent about the beatings and are not afraid of conviction. “Talking about violence should not be embarrassing,” she summed up.


Coronavirus: The Keys (and Reasons) to Properly Cut Your Hair, Shave, or Mustache During Confinement | ICON

From Iker Casillas or Eden Hazard to the interpreters Arón Piper and Riz Ahmed, including the chef Dabiz Muñoz and the presenter Jorge Javier Vázquez. As the days of quarantine progress, the list of sports and entertainment personalities who are committed to eliminating any hint of hair from their heads is increasing. Atletico Madrid forward Jose María Giménez took him further, prompting his nearly one million followers on Instagram to imitate his new shave in a challenge described as #pelachallenge. There are also those who have preferred to experiment with the beard, such as Pete Buttigieg or Jim Carrey, who documents day by day the growth of his on social networks.

Others, however, have opted to discover new horizons by trying out a mustache that has yet to pass the test of social reunion and, those who made theirs an identity trait, such as Queer Eye stylist Jonathan Van Ness, have ended it once and for all. If historically we have heard that necessity sharpens ingenuity, there is a growing body of evidence that confirms that confinement – or the boredom that many entail – exacerbates changes in look.

Experimenting with hair these days can be a way to combat boredom, but also a way to maintain self-care at a time when hairdressers and beauty shops remain closed. In the same way that experts warn of the benefits of exercising, structuring routines well or not spending the day in pajamas, taking care of hair and its appearance is not as trivial or frivolous as it might seem. “Hair is one of the main hallmarks, it is the most striking part of the physical aspect, both in terms of length, quantity and color. Therefore, their state influences our way of perceiving ourselves, our self-esteem. The reflection returned by the mirror can help us improve our mood, if we are favored and cared for it has a positive effect, ”explains clinical psychologist Silvia Sanz to ICON.

Atlético de Madrid footballer Jose María Giménez encouraged his Instagram followers to shave off the #pelachallenge challenge.

Atlético de Madrid footballer Jose María Giménez encouraged his Instagram followers to shave off the #pelachallenge challenge. Photo: Instagram

It is by mere necessity (if we continue with these lines until the state of alarm ends, we may be wrong with the protagonist of Tiger king) or purely in search of new recreational frontiers in times of forced procrastination, it is worth having some guidelines before venturing with scissors. “Making a good cut at home ourselves is complicated, but we can improve the appearance of what we have by trying thinning scissors,” advises Quique Sánchez, creative director of Q space. “They are used to reduce the amount of hair, but they do not cut length. If we give a few touches on the front, and some other point in the area above, we will improve the appearance of the cut, “he explains.

Beyond the small touches, the confinement stage becomes a good time to experiment with the image, with solitude as a protective shield if the result is not what was expected. Those with a beard shave it off, those who defended a pristine face experiment with a mustache, and those who were trying to get their hair a little longer end up shaving it off. “Isolation helps to verify the results of the change without affecting the opinion of others,” recalls the expert. In fact, it is common that behind a change of image a vital one hides, a new stage or a different interior moment, something that also fits with the time we are going through.

Stylist Jonathan Van Ness removing his beard during confinement.

Stylist Jonathan Van Ness removing his beard during confinement. Photo: Instagram

One of the options that most fans harvest these days is shaving. It is easier to do at home and, who more who less, have you ever experimented with the razor. In order for the result to be as professional as possible, Sánchez insists on the importance of leaving the sides slightly shorter than the top. This will make the cut more flattering for all face types, including the most rounded ones. “The ideal is to start by shaving the top with a 12 mm head and then change it with a 9 mm head before running it through the sides. When we go to make the sides we will support the razor in the temple area and we will shave upwards without following the contour of the head so that there is not a too round effect ”, details the hairdresser. Although the ideal is to use a professional tool, the razor that has been looking at us from the bathroom drawer for years can take us out of this circumstantial trouble this time.

Actor Arón Piper shows his Instagram followers his new image.

Actor Arón Piper shows his Instagram followers his new image. Photo: Instagram

Those who are not skilled with scissors, or friends of experiments, can take advantage of the days of seclusion to enjoy the length that the hair offers, as well as its natural texture. “We can also use the products we have at home trying different finishes such as the wet effect or looks in mate using the waxes ”, they clarify from Espacio Q.

As for the beard and mustache, there are opinions for all tastes. Although many people take advantage of these days to experiment with facial hair, thus forgetting about shaving (as if gaining minutes a day was now pressing), experts recommend the opposite option: shaving the entire face to let the skin breathe during these days and be able to treat it in depth using a good moisturizer.

The bottom line, regardless of whether we focus our efforts on grooming hair, beard, mustache or all at once, is that, do it. “To stop taking care of yourself, to shave or to comb your hair denotes neglect. Although we don’t have many relationships right now, we do have relationships with ourselves. It is time to give the best version of yourself inside and out ”, adds Sanz, who concludes:“ You are your best viewer ”.

Iker Casillas is another one who has taken advantage of these days of confinement to shave his head.

Iker Casillas is another one who has taken advantage of these days of confinement to shave his head. Photo: Instagram

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Professional ‘Mentoring’ to break gender stereotypes | Economy

15 prestigious directives in Spain. 15 university students wanting to eat the world; 15 innovative projects or ideas, and three months to develop them together thanks to the knowledge that the mentors will bring to their young students. So is the shadowing I, boss, a mentoring initiative promoted by the communication agency Trescom With the collaboration of multiple Spanish companies and academic entities, and the objective of promoting and making female empowerment visible in the world of entrepreneurship, still largely dominated by men.

Presented at the beginning of March at the Esade Campus in Madrid, the program has barely suffered setbacks due to the coronavirus pandemic, and mentors and students stay in touch a month later through videoconferences and emails. For Francisco Polo, High Commissioner for Spain Entrepreneurial Nation, “betting on equality is not only a matter of principle, but also of strategy: the data shows that companies led by women are twice as profitable, despite obtaining less than half the financing of men ”. In his opinion, “inequalities such as the gender gap, which affects 50% of the population, must be reduced.”

“The program serves to approach these girls and show them the reality, but also so that they know that it is possible, that it does come,” says Gloria Gubianas, co-founder of the sustainable fashion firm. Hemper and one of the mentors of I, boss. Juanita Bedoya, her mentor, wants to develop a brand of handbags and accessories made with denim cutouts from textile factories, thus reducing the waste of fabrics. But the projects are very varied, ranging from a platform to improve the quality of life for cancer patients (by Carla Montull) to a technology that helps children develop their soft skills (from Nur Younis) and a marketplace for future moms (by Patricia Aranda), to name a few examples.

“I think it is an important initiative for the new generations. We lack references that help to eliminate the mental limit that sometimes, as women, we impose ourselves, and that still put us in certain systems,” says Laura Nevola, CEO of IDP Pharma and another one of the mentors. “Also, working with such enthusiastic youth brings a lot of positive energy.”

A relationship with benefits for all

But what exactly does the mentoring? It is a professional accompaniment in which the transmission of knowledge is facilitated through learning with a mentor or tutor, who advises and guides another person in order to enhance their professional skills and abilities. “Any committed person, who is truly passionate about growing professionally and accelerating their potential, can benefit from such a program. This will help you learn from consolidated experience, connect with a world of new opportunities and access a network of networking ”, reveals Esther Cid, expert in mentoring digital and CEO of Tipscool, a startup of education technology.

Initiatives like Me boss They help young entrepreneurs to acquire the knowledge and skills they need to make their ideas come true. “If I had not participated in several accelerators, where excellent professionals helped us in the process of creating our company, our journey would not have come this far,” confesses Fátima Lucas, CEO and co-founder of Zymvol Biomodeling, and mentor of the program. “This is why we are aware of the importance of contributing our own experiences in the development of talented young people.”

The advice these young women receive helps them shape their project, from establishing a business plan, analyzing its economic viability and studying the potential market to defining its financial, technological and human needs, benefiting from the knowledge that their mentors possess in each respective field, and in many occasions from their network of contacts. “At first I was a bit lost, because despite having entire notebooks full of sketches and ideas, I did not know how to organize them and reflect them in a business model. Thanks to my mentor, in a matter of two weeks I was able to make a business model canvas, mock-ups, start designing the web and do a lot of research, ”says Nur Younis, one of the participating students.

Mentors and students participating in the 'Yo, jefa' program.

Mentors and students participating in the ‘Yo, jefa’ program.

But not only the students or employees who receive this professional support benefit. These programs also present numerous benefits for companies, since they not only keep them updated on current trends in their respective fields, but also “have people who inspire and are extra motivated to grow professionally, aligned with the loyalty strategy of the human capital ”, wields Cid. “The personal brand that the employee creates is generated in the company a positive value on the feeling of belonging and the specific training that each person gets.”

In most of those who engage in mentoring, there are also an underlying feeling of gratitude, of those who benefited in their day from the help of others and decide to use the accumulated experience to do the same with the new generations. “In my years as an entrepreneur, I have always highly valued the figure of the mentors who have guided me; in many ways they have been key both in learning and in different moments of support, recognizes Fátima Mulero, founder of AuTICmo and mentor of I, boss. “I believe that in the world of entrepreneurship there is a chain of favors that is very beautiful and must be maintained,” adds Gubianas. “When someone knocks on your door because they want to start their own company, from scratch, you immediately open it and you are willing to share your experience, because someone, in their day, also opened it for you.”

What does the mentor do and what does the mentor not do?

It is about guiding and helping them to get the talent they have inside, “and that perhaps no one had ever made it known to them before,” explains José Lozano, an expert in e-learning and mentor in the IEBS business school. “It is a continuous job that sometimes requires a face-to-face conversation, others online and, of course, a work plan with objectives. You have to make them see where their strengths are and where they can improve, how to focus their projects … But I don’t solve their problems or do the work for them, “he says. “I just put a mirror in front of them and say, ‘Look at you, that’s you. Maybe you don’t know yourself well, nor do you know the full potential that you have, but you must make the most of it ”.

For mentoring to be effective, therefore, one thing is needed above all: the will to learn and prosper personally and professionally. Like the students who participate in the program We create opportunities in hospitality, of the Mahou San Miguel Foundation. A social initiative developed for just over three years in collaboration with hospitality schools, social entities and the Public Administration, and aimed at young people in a socially disadvantaged situation in Madrid, Burgos and Barcelona. “In 2019, we had 70 professionals working as mentors; people who maintain constant involvement and commitment, and who also collaborate in the additional training that young people receive, offering masterclasses in professional competences and other matters of interest ”, shares Beatriz Herrera, director of the foundation.

For Gubianas, “mentoring It also serves to demystify the vision that we have of entrepreneurs of success… When I was studying, I saw women entrepreneurs as super distant, and I was convinced that this was something I could never achieve. ” But, as she herself is in charge of remembering, “power, you can”, a maxim that they are also in charge of remembering every day from Tipscool, where they have created mentoring and orientation programs for young talent focused on promoting STEAM careers (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics) among young women.

“We collaborate with companies motivated to attract female talent, and recently launched the campaign I can be, to break with gender stereotypes and that girls and girls discover that they can become what they want, through the eyes of references that we currently have as inspiring mentors: great engineers, mathematics, scientists, researchers and leading technologists of our country ”, Cid wields. And it is that, with initiatives like this, it may soon be possible to break down that “glass ceiling”, those invisible barriers that continue to prevent many women from reaching those leadership positions for which they are undoubtedly trained.

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The key dates of the income statement

The 2019 Income campaign begins this Wednesday, April 1, 2020, and will last until June 30, the deadline for its presentation, unless the Treasury finally decides to extend the term given the current crisis situation due to the coronavirus impact.

Here are other key dates to consider this year:

Start of the campaign
April 1st

Taxpayers will be able to access their draft and their tax data from this Wednesday. The draft can be obtained through the Renta web program, identifying with an electronic certificate, pin code or reference number. Once verified, it can be modified, confirmed and presented.

Request for an appointment
May 5th

From this day you can make an appointment on the website of the Tax Agency, through the app or by phone (901 22 33 44 or 91 553 00 71) to make the declaration in person or with the ‘We call you’ plan. It can be requested until June 29.

Telephone support
May 7th

As of this day, the Tax Agency will begin to attend taxpayers by phone until June 30 to help them with the modification and presentation of their return.

Deductions to avail in the Income statement

Face-to-face care
may 13th

If the situation of the coronavirus allows it, that day will begin the face-to-face help of the officials of the Tax Agency in the offices, for those people who have made an appointment to prepare the declaration.

June 25th

The declarations that go out to enter (to be paid by the taxpayer) will have June 25 as the deadline for the direct debit of your Income.

Last day
June 30th

It will be the last day that taxpayers can file their return.

Second payment
November 5th

Last day to make the second payment -in case you have divided it- in the declarations to be entered.

Frequent doubts

Since last year, the Income statement can only be submitted online. Gone are the dozens of pages that many Spaniards filled out and sent to the Treasury. The iAhorro data ensure that 43% of taxpayers file the return without asking for help, despite the fact that 56% of Spaniards say they do not have the necessary tax training to do it. The UOC professor of Financial and Tax Law, Benja Anglès, solves the most common questions:

-If I file the statement as soon as the deadline opens, will they pay me what corresponds before?

The filing date can influence when we receive the money, although this is not always the case. Especially in cases in which some of the declared data has to be contrasted with third parties such as rentals, home sales, etc.

-Do I have to pay for the rent?

If we are tenants, we have to declare the details of the property and the annual amount of the rent, since the Treasury will compare our data with those declared by the owners. In addition, in some communities there are deductions for renting the habitual residence, so we have to check if they exist in our case and apply them.

On the other hand, if we are the owners of a property and we have it for rent, we are obliged to declare the income received expressly, since the Treasury does not know that information.

-If I request the draft, do I have to file the return?

No. There is no obligation, so you should always request the draft and check the result of the declaration. Thus, if it turns out to be returned, we can request the return even though we were not obliged to present it.

-Is it always preferable to make the joint declaration if I am married?

You should always calculate and compare the result individually and together to know which is the most favorable. The expert assures that the joint is usually better when one of the two spouses does not have returns, while the individual is usually more favorable when both work. Domestic partners cannot file a joint return of the two members of the couple, only marriages.


Port goods that donate thousands of masks, gloves to health workers – NBC 7 San Diego

There are serious concerns among frontline health professionals
on the availability of masks, gloves, clothes and other personal protective equipment
equipment (PPE) on offer nationwide, but help is on the way to Sharp
Rees-Stealy medical center.

If gloves, masks and visors are weapons to fight
the war on the coronavirus, a San Diego nurse who says her PPE is now under lock and key
the key feels unarmed.

“It’s really frustrating because sometimes you wonder
there will be an N95 mask there, is there a visor? “Nurse
Shannon Cotton wondered.

Cotton and other nurses, doctors and EMT are taking the
coronavirus has reported help and local residents and businesses
they are answering their call. At the request of community members, Sharp Healthcare
is coordinating a PPE donation campaign.

“They want to help, especially when people are in this state of residence. They want to feel like they’re doing something, ”said Sharp spokesman John Cihomsky.

But healthcare professionals are receiving help from more than just a simple one
people at home.

The famous tool dealer Harbor Freight is donating all the gloves, masks and face shields to the shelves of its over 1,000 stores, and everything in its warehouse, to the cause.

“Right now we understand that the best thing we could do is
provide our frontline staff in hospitals, ”Harbor Freight
said spokesman Craig Hoffman.

The company has 45 million pairs of gloves, hundreds of thousands
of N95 masks and tens of thousands of visors to give.

Their generosity resonates with San Diego shoppers

“Rubber gloves were one of the things on our list and I saw the
sign up and think it’s really cool, “said customer Adam Prange.

Harbor Freight plans to begin shipping supplies within the week,
and Sharp’s donation unit officially starts on Wednesday at several drive-up drop-offs
sites. You don’t even have to get out of your car to donate.

Sharp will update these release sites here.

While it is appreciated, the use of homemade masks is, however
now prohibited.

Sharp is asking that if you are not feeling well, for the sake of volunteers, please send your donation with a friend.

Anyone looking to help supplies donated by Harbor Freight to where they are needed can contact the company.

Cihomsky said his hospitals have adequate supplies, but for
how long it has not been known.


Coronavirus: The boredom of children during quarantine, key to their development | Moms and Dads

The explosive cocktail that is being for families that all of Spain is in confinement due to the uncontrolled advance of the coronavirus often means that parents have to be parents, workers and educators at the same time. All this causes many to live with the concern that in these days without class, their offspring are left behind in their studies or tasks and, therefore, are constantly immersed in non-stop activities that stimulate them, whether reading, doing crafts, studying or reviewing. But let’s stay calm: without reaching plug them in to the TV or the tablet, yes we can allow them to get bored, even if it is a little bit every day. Depending on your child’s age, this will be much easier or more difficult to deal with.

But the truth, and endorsed by experts, is that boredom sparks creativity. “If the kids are permanently busy (at school, with after-school classes, with friends), they don’t have time to invent and fantasize. When they are bored, they immediately look for new challenges, and therefore they develop their creativity “, incides Pilu Hernández Dopico, educator.

And the benefits are endless. “It is a great opportunity to explore new areas of knowledge,” he continues. “You just have to try leaving a child in a room with a string on the floor, that string will become a sword, a kite and even the coronavirus vaccine itself.”

Hernández Dopico proposes a survival kit to combat boredom: “In it, it would be great if there were fluorescent tempera paints, waxes, modeling clay, paints, markers, eva rubber, cardboard, scissors, glue, patent paper, egg cartons, milk cartons , cardboard boxes, shoes. You will hallucinate with what children are capable of doing with all this ”.

The obsession that our children do not get bored

“We should not worry so much and even become obsessed”, adds the expert. It is better to let them get bored and observe them: “This way we can get to know them more and know their tastes. Moreover, we must stop giving so much importance to this. Who has never been bored? For her, the current problem with children is that they are overstimulated and “what they need is to think and thus learn to use their mind, which is incredible,” explains Hernández.

“We are leaving aside the creativity of our children. The little ones always work on a prototype, the parents could use the symbolic game and let them play. This will help them develop their autonomy and independence and be more decisive, an important quality today, “concludes the expert.

Núria García Alonso, child and youth psychologist and director of Help you Study Psychology support this position. For her, parents should enhance creativity when they perceive that their child is bored, since education is not based on spending hours studying in front of a book: “There are infinite options to invest in the development of children , and you should always bet on those that, although they go outside the “normal”, bring as a result the happiness and benefit of the little ones “.

Parents must also be bored, but with control

According to the expert, parents have to be bored, but too much: “We must remember that virtue is in the middle ground. In these times where everything has to be immediate, virtual,” in the cloud “what better than to be able to touch, getting bored with our loved ones: fabulous tedium. ” “Now is when we are realizing what is truly important, such as human relationships, relationships with others, and this is given by isolation, boredom,” he continues.

Hernández Dopico is of the opinion that when all this is over we will change our attitude, giving greater importance to something as simple as taking a walk, reuniting the whole family without waiting, for example, for Christmas to arrive. “I think we have to get the positive out of all this. It is already being seen when we go out on the balconies to applaud, to sing, all together. I think that, for once, the world is humanizing itself,” he concludes.

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Coronavirus: Humans who eat wild animals without control: a powder magazine for global health | Future Planet

The bats, the Ebola; the civets, the SARS; the dogs, the rage; the monkeys, AIDS; the chickens, the bird flu. They are some of the animals that have been in the spotlight when outbreaks of new diseases have erupted. The last victim has been the pangolin, a suspect already ruled out of having acted as a transmitter of the coronavirus to humans. “The focus is always on markets with live animals,” says Santiago Mas-Coma, Professor of Parasitology and president of the World Federation of Tropical Medicine. “It happened already with bird flu, when the origin was investigated in some chickens that had acquired the virus with fecal remains of the animals they had in the cage above, ”he adds.

Following the coronavirus crisis, China has banned the consumption of wild animals temporarily, a measure that does not include medicinal or research uses. Experts doubt the effectiveness of the measure, which was already taken in previous crises. “Europe is the strictest region in the world, forget that this exists in other regions. It is very difficult to control this kind of thing in a country with 1,400 million people, ”says Mas-Coma. A similar view has Berhe Tekola, director of Animal Production and Health of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). “Every time there is a crisis, an epidemic, people accelerate and panic and laws are created or modified,” he says.

The control of consumption and trade is tremendously difficult for three reasons: the lack of statistics because it is not registered, huge populations with deep-rooted traditions and the lack of means to apply the law. Therefore, the possibility of seeing new ailments transmitted by animals to humans in the future is very real. “Absolutely. There is no zero risk, ”says Tekola bluntly.

Street markets where many specimens are mixed in dubious health conditions arouse suspicion when talking about new zoonotic diseases (those infected from animals to humans). “You take wild species, put them under a stress situation and mix them with others. This is the perfect habitat for viruses, which are very intelligent, ”says Rikkert Reijnen of the International Fund for Animal Welfare, an organization present in 40 countries.

In rural areas of Africa and Asia there are still many places where they eat meat and brains of uncooked dogs or where you find a child with a bite that has not gone to the doctor

The risk is not only in consumption, but also in commerce. “The human being hunts animals from the beginning of its existence, that is not something new, but the amounts that are consumed now and the ability for animals to travel from one side of the globe to another in a matter of hours,” says Reijnen .

The UN estimates that protected species traffic moves every year between 8,000 and 10,000 million dollars. “The convention on international trade in endangered species already regulates exchanges between countries, the problem is that in the internal market it has no jurisdiction and the demand in countries such as China or Vietnam is enormous. For us, this is an opportunity for animal protection laws to be reviewed, ”says Gema Rodríguez, from WWF. “We already have legislation, but we also need means to implement it,” Reijnen completes.

Delicious dog meat

Martha Pedraja is a Spanish veterinarian and researcher. This specialist has studied in detail the illegal trade and trafficking of dog meat. This served to understand the informal market in which many of the diseases that are transmitted to humans arise.

The researcher moves metaphorically to a market like Wuhan’s, where all eyes were directed at the beginning of the coronavirus. “In almost all of Asia, the stalls have a visible part, where you can buy a chicken. But then there is the back room, where are the species prohibited by the Government. The larger the country and the more entrenched customs, the harder it is to achieve change. Look at the rage. It seems incredible that we have not been able to eradicate a disease that has been with us thousands of years. But if you look at the rural areas of Africa and Asia there are still many places where they continue to eat meat and brain of an uncooked dog or where you find a child with a bite for weeks that has not gone to the doctor. Some communities in Nigeria, for example, believe that canine meat It is “delicious” and that defends them “against the witches”.

Machete used to skin the porcupine, an example of the conditions in which these foods are handled.

Machete used to skin the porcupine, an example of the conditions in which these foods are handled. Getty

Pedraja had a hard time studying the phenomenon. “The official data is almost non-existent, sometimes because the consumption of certain products is something taboo that society does not want to recognize. Countries recognize that there are farms, “he says in a phone call at the end of his working day. Pedraja used the investigations of Soi Dog organization, which has collected data on Pukhet, in Thailand, and other international entities such as WWF. “The gap between the few official figures compared to the estimates of NGOs working in the field is crazy,” he says.

The same is the opinion of FAO’s Tekola: “When we talk about consumption of wild meat, there is simply no data. Countries do not provide this information because it normally belongs to the informal market. And the lack of certainty leads to panic. ” This Ethiopian specialist has worked on the ground with many rural communities that continue to eat thanks to hunting and gathering. “You cannot arrive as if you were the boss. You have to sit with them, calmly and give them arguments. FAO’s recommendations in this regard are not to eat anything that has been sick or that has died for a reason that they do not know. ”

And how do you explain what can be eaten and what is not in a continent like Africa, where 275 million people are not insured for their food the next day? Hard answer. “We can’t go tell poor farmers” eat this, don’t eat the other. ” What alternative do they have if they are forbidden to hunt? Are we giving them a chicken or pig farm in return? No. So, who are we to order anything? They prefer to take risks, but have something to eat, ”says Tekola.

When we talk about consumption of wild meat there is simply no data. Countries do not provide this information because it normally belongs to the informal market. And the lack of certainty leads to panic

The consumption of wild products exists, although it is almost impossible to quantify it. “Despite the large information gaps at the regional and global level, there are local examples,” explains Julie Belanger, an FAO expert, in an email. The report The global state of biodiversity for food and agriculture It includes a survey carried out in some communities in Asia, Africa and Latin America between 2004 and 2010 in which it was concluded that more than 53.5% of households were supplied with animals and plants from the forests. The report also replicates another study that states that “in traditional rice-producing villages, families eat aquatic animals that are easily accessible, such as snails, crabs, frogs and fish from their fields.”

The report does attempt to compile different statistics provided by the countries themselves and some international organizations that include plants, animals, mushrooms and microorganisms. According to their data, there are 2,800 different species of wild species that are used for human consumption in the world. “However, these numbers are incomplete. For example, countries only record that 21 types of insects are consumed, when we know that this figure amounts to more than 2,000 ”, Belanger specifies.

The speed of sharing data in a global context and applying measures that slow down expansion will be the key. This is what specialists like the veterinarian Pedraja think: “I do not think that the measures taken abruptly in a time of crisis are a great change, but I think that the common approach makes us stronger. Now there are many veterinarians working for and for human medicine. ”

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Modest Cuixart’s key years focus on a show in Palma

The Juan March Foundation in Palma looks at the key years of Modest Cuixart’s career with an exhibition dedicated to the painter’s production between 1955 and 1966. Cuixart: The crucial years gathers about seventy works and sixty documents from one of the great references in avant-garde painting, born in Barcelona but resident in Palafrugell from the 70’s until his death in 2007.

The exhibition curated by Raquel Medina de Vargas, which can be visited until May 16, begins at the final stage of the movement and the magazine Dice on Set. A grant from the French Institute allowed Cuixart and also Tàpies to travel to Paris in the 50’s, and then he would move to Lyon, a period when he experimented with the subject and served as a springboard for it. to expose to many other countries. The last stage in the Mallorcan sample was in the mid-60’s, when he turned to a more erotic and sinister vision.

Supplementary documentation

The exhibition is comprised of works from various museums and private collections, such as the Juan March Foundation, the Vila Casas Foundation, and is completed with much artist-related documentation, such as catalogs and exhibition posters, letters manuscripts, interviews and journalistic reviews and photographs of the time.

You can also see excerpts from the short film Cuixart, permanence of the Baroque, which Jean-André Fieschi dedicated to him in 1963, showing the painter in the process of completing his enormous paintings.


The ‘apps’ of ‘proptech’, insurance, ‘fintech’ and health have great growth potential | Innovation

Barcelona has become an urban campus of entrepreneurship. One of the main culprits of this transformation has been Barcelona Tech City, a non-profit association created by entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs. Its president, Miguel Vicente, recalls that the project has simply put the pieces of the ecosystem together – “by vertical sectors and with specific spaces,” he says – in order to create the magic of innovation. The disruption is not entirely new in the Catalan capital, because in the last two decades it has raised its flag as a hallmark. “The fabric already existed. With the technological revolution, simply, SMEs are called startups and entrepreneurial entrepreneurs, ”he says.

Within this almost endemic world with which Barcelona lives, apps They have become a technology that is practically transversal to all sectors. In Vicente’s words, the ambition of his projects and the ability to attract talent responds to this capacity for ubiquity that they have if we talk about technology. Even so, their growth potential differs depending on the area in which they focus their efforts. “The proptech, the insurance, the fintech and health are the businesses in which an application has more growth potential and shake the market, ”he says. The example he puts on the table of this reality is Medictor, a app which employs artificial intelligence to identify the ailments of the user.

Vicente also does not want to forget other areas in which they have a promising future. The integration with the internet of things and industry must be taken into account for those entrepreneurs passionate about applications. “There is a tremendous revolution around these two fields. I think the next big technology adoption will be precisely in the industry, ”ditch. Aware that the technological era is not going to stop, the president of Barcelona Tech City only expects more and more growth of the entire ecosystem. You do not have the precise recipe with which to succeed in all projects, but some of the trends, especially for mobile applications, have already reviewed them.

So sure is his statement that puts a piece of data on the table to encourage any entrepreneur: “There are more than 250 billion euros of venture capital funds seeking startups and projects with global vocation.” All this liquidity available to the system will not only go to apps, but their transversality helps them receive a good portion of all those zeros. “In this sector it is competing in talent and capital. Our startups compete globally without any blemish, ”he concludes. Whether in Barcelona or any other friendly city with disruptive initiatives, the potential is there. We just need to know them and find their place among the different stores of the phones.