Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree calling on Russians in reserve for military training in 2020. The document is posted on the official Internet portal of legal information.
According to the decree, military training will be held in the armed forces of Russia, the troops of the national guard, state security agencies and the bodies of the Federal Security Service.
The head of state instructed the Russian government and regional authorities to ensure the implementation of measures related to the draft. The decree came into force from today.
Putin announces deferred military appeal for high school graduates
The Russian Ministry of Defense in early June postponed the holding of summer military training for students, traditionally held in June-August, to a later date due to the situation with coronavirus in the country. So, the bulk of the fees will be held in July – October 2020, and in some universities the dates are postponed to 2021.
The head of Sberbank German Gref said that he did not consider it possible to return to the government. According to him, after ten years, he does not see himself in Sberbank
(Photo: Eugene Razumny / Vedomosti / TASS)
Answering a question from the TASS agency, how does he see his worst nightmare, Gref replied: “Honestly? I am returning to the government. ” According to him, after ten years, he does not intend to work either in Sberbank, or in any other large company.
“In addition to working at the bank, there was another happy period in my life – teaching at the university. Maybe I’ll be back in the field of education. I’m interested in technology, venture capital investments, ”said Gref.
Commenting on the work of the cabinet in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, Gref compared it with what happened in 1998. “The government cannot be envied, if only for the reason that in the second week of its existence, he got the coronavirus. One can only compare this with the default of 1998, which occurred shortly after the arrival of Sergei Kiriyenko in the White House, ”said the head of Sberbank.
Gref predicted a sharp ruble appreciation by the end of the year
According to Gref, in the midst of quarantine, the Cabinet of Ministers “worked, without exaggeration, 20 hours a day” in search of solutions to the situation.
“No one expected such stress. The worst thing at that moment is inaction. He was absent. A series of actions may have turned out to be vain and incorrect, as we understand with a hind mind, but then it seemed that these were absolutely correct reactions, ”Gref said.
He appreciated the head of Sberbank and the actions of the Central Bank, which, according to him, “worked very well.” “The necessary steps were taken in time, which allowed us to untie our hands a bit and support our customers. We carried out a gigantic restructuring as soon as possible, renewed as many loans in a week as in the whole of 2019 – more than a trillion rubles for legal entities, ”Gref said.
In 2000-2007, German Gref headed the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade. Prior to that, he worked in various positions in the government of the country and the administration of St. Petersburg.
The leaders of Serbia and Kosovo were to meet in Washington on June 27. Yesterday the President of Kosovo Hashim Thaci was accused of war crimes in 1998-1999, and he refused to participate in negotiations
(Photo: Laura Hasani / Reuters)
Prime Minister of Kosovo Avdullah Hoti refused to participate in negotiations with the Serbian leadership, which was held in Washington. He said this on his page in Facebook.
This decision Though was taken after the Special Prosecutor of international court for crimes in Kosovo (SPO) in the Hague indicted the President of Kosovo Hashim Thaci, of war crimes in 1998-1999.
“In connection with the situation in Pristina as the result made by the Special Prosecutor’s office the charges I have to return to your home country to deal with the situation. I have already told the Ambassador, [спецпредставителю президента США по переговорам Белграда и Приштины Ричарду] Grenelle that will not be able to attend the meeting on June 27 at the White house,” wrote Hoti.
As reported Grenell, Thaci, himself also refused to participate in the negotiations. “The President of Kosovo has just informed us that he canceled his trip to Washington after the statement made by the special Prosecutor’s office. I respect his decision not to participate in the discussions until then, not yet settled the legal side of these allegations,” wrote he in his Twitter.
Trump invited the leaders of Serbia and Kosovo for talks in Washington
Rospotrebnadzor has prepared the project of the new sanitary and epidemiological requirements to the shops and markets that sell food products. The corresponding document was published on the Federal portal of projects of normative legal acts.
“To approve the sanitary-epidemiological rules <...> “Sanitary-epidemiological requirements to objects and markets, implements food products,” — the document says.
It clarifies that the new rules are designed to prevent the emergence and spread of infectious and noncommunicable diseases that are associated with the sale of food products through the trading facilities and markets.
In early May, the Christian Democratic Party (PCD) had already stepped up to denounce ” the threat ” weighing on freedom of worship in France, in the wake of the deconfinement plan presented, Tuesday, April 28, by the Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, to the National Assembly. By filing a summary liberty with the Council of State, the right-wing party had strongly contested the government’s decision to extend the ban on public religious ceremonies beyond Monday, May 11, the date of the first phase of deconfinement of the ‘Hexagon. The high administrative court must examine in court, this Friday, May 15, its requests and those of several other associations, including Civitas.
→ READ. Deconfinement, reason for rupture between Emmanuel Macron and the Catholics?
“We believe that the maintenance of this prohibition constitutes an infringement of fundamental freedoms, explain to The cross Jean-Frédéric Poisson, president of the PCD. It also induces double discrimination with regard to freedom of worship, while many businesses are resuming their activities, and Catholic, Muslim, Jewish … religious leaders also consider themselves able to resume with the same health precautions. The second discrimination is geographic; why could cults not be restored in the green departments, not presenting massive risks of spreading the virus? “
An ambiguity in the decree
In recent days, the debate has experienced yet another legal reversal. While the executive has advanced the date of Friday, May 29, the day before Pentecost weekend, for the resumption of worship, the PCD assured, in a statement published Tuesday, May 12, that a measure of Decree No. 2020 –548, published the day before at Official newspaper, would now allow “Holding religious ceremonies in the departments where the prefects will not have prohibited them ”.
The governmental text indeed contains an ambiguity: if its article 10 establishes well that “Establishments of worship, falling under type V [concernant donc les églises, mosquées, synagogues, temples, NDLR] are allowed to stay open. Any gathering (1) or meeting within them is prohibited (…) ”, article 27 stipulates that departmental prefects would have the power to limit the pandemicderogatory “To prohibit any gathering or meeting within establishments of worship (1)”.
Prefects authorized to prohibit what is already prohibited
“This implies that the general ban no longer applies, since the prefects can only ban these celebrations by derogation, and when the health situation justifies it. Let me also explain how it might be possible to authorize prefects to ban what is already, in principle, prohibited! That does not make sense “, he calls, convinced that this interpretation therefore makes it possible to affirm that “Lfreedom of worship becomes the principle again, and its prohibition, the exception in France “. By assuming to play on the implicit, he also underlines that chapter 27 derogates from article 10 of the same decree.
Can we exclude an awkward formulation, or a lack of precision, in the official text? ” Either there is indeed a line missing in Article 27 to clarify its application, or the latter does not need to be. Buthe government cannot afford, in the context in which we are, to show such amateurism which would push it to write things which it does not want to write “, dismisses the former deputy. The contours of this legal vagueness should be clarified at the hearing scheduled for Friday, May 15, at 2:30 p.m. before the Council of State, which could deliver its opinion early next week.
The National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) threatened to take measures in respect of the “daughter” of Sberbank amid the Russian government buying from the Bank of Russia a controlling stake in Sberbank. The Ukrainian regulator claimed three violations by the Russian government:
did not inform the National Bank of Ukraine three months before the acquisition of a substantial participation in Sberbank JSC about the intention of such an acquisition;
did not agree with the National Bank on the acquisition of a substantial stake in the bank;
did not submit to the National Bank a copy of the agreement (transaction), on the basis of which the transfer of ownership of the shares took place.
In this regard, the NBU sent inquiries to the Ministry of Finance of Russia and Sberbank with a request to provide explanations and relevant documents, and also informed them about the legal consequences of violation of Ukrainian legislation.
“The National Bank will give a legal assessment and consider the issue of application of measures of influence in the manner prescribed by law,” the statement said.
The media learned about the sale of a package of Sberbank at a price lower than planned
The containment and mitigation measures of the COVID-19 pandemic had to be adopted hastily due to the circumstances. Now we analyze more calmly what the precise actions should be to get out of the restrictions. Among them, some countries consider the use of a immunity certificate or serological passport as a tool to facilitate transition and speed back to work.
The proposal would allow immune people more freedom to move. And, above all, that they could immediately return to their jobs, thus facilitating the take-off of the economy.
In fact, the debate in Spain has arisen after learning that some large companies were trying to agree with laboratories and private health entities to carry out tests massive serological for your templates. With the simple intention of identifying your immune employees and thus approach the return to economic activity with greater security.
What is the so-called “serological passport” or immunity certificate?
It must be recognized that there is a great lack of terminology regarding the “serological passport”, its meaning and what the legal effects and consequences will be for citizens, especially those who do not possess it.
We know that this instrument would allow knowing which people are immune to COVID-19, information of interest for decision-making sanitary and economic. In other cultural settings (China or South Korea, for example) it is used with all normality through thes mobile and response codes rapid (QR) that collect information that is regularly updated after the corresponding tests. Another thing is that our model of social and democratic State of Law allows it.
Depending on the design that was adopted, we could be talking about a certificate, a colored identification bracelet or a Q codeA. In either case, it would allow immune subjects to engage in activities that could be denied to others. However, the installation of these passports would raise important factual and legal problems.
There is still no scientific certainty about immunity
Using rapid tests to detect COVID-19 is key in controlling the epidemic, but its application is more complex than it seems. For starters, because the tests fast that determine if a person has passed the infection have poor accuracy. In some cases because they do not differentiate between immunoglobulins that denote present or past infection, and in others because they give false negatives or false positives.
But above all because, to this day, we still do not know if the immunity is protective. While we suspect yes it isWe do not know for how long, since we have known this coronavirus for a few months.
Results of the application of a rapid serological test for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 infection.The test would classify as immune 170,000 people, of which only 80,000 would actually be immune (less than half).
Imagine that immunity is confirmed to protect. Still, we would continue with the problem of inaccuracy. Suppose, for example, that a rapid test has an immune detection capacity of 80% and a capacity to classify non-immune correctly of 90%. That would imply that in a million people in which 10% were truly immune, the test would detect 80,000 of the immune, but 20,000 would be left out. Regarding the non-immune, to 90,000 I would say that they are immune (incorrectly) and to 810.00 I would classify them correctly as non-immune.
How do these passports fit into our legal system?
On these wickerwork, the legal response must be cautious. Especially if this instrument is intended to establish categories between citizens and positively discriminate against one another. The fundamental rights of people could be affected depending on the use that is given.
For starters, the mere requirement of a serological passport affects the fundamental right to privacy. In addition, the fundamental right of liberty could be affected if the document were required to circulate.
Furthermore, if we try to use the existing legal categories in our Law, we would not find any that would allow us to exactly frame this figure. Insofar as obtaining it could enable some and prevent others from exercising a fundamental right (that of freedom), the passport would behave more like a “Administrative authorization”.
The authorization is an administrative act, whatever its specific name, which allows individuals to carry out an activity, after checking its adequacy to the legal system and valuation of the affected public interest. In this case, public health.
By its very nature, authorization conditions activity of the individual, not of their fundamental rights. Therefore, this instrument is not specific to the field of fundamental rights. The right to personal freedom and freedom of movement These are rights whose exercise does not require any type of authorization.
This implies that any attempt to introduce a serological passport into our system would require adequately delimiting its nature, precisely regulating its legal regime, its effects and the procedure for obtaining it, with the corresponding guarantees of judicial protection. This task corresponds to the organic legislator, taking into account the principles of suitability, necessity and proportionality, which must inspire any type of limitation of fundamental rights.
What impact could it have in the workplace?
The passport certainly provides valuable information to the employer for the organization of his activity. Furthermore, workers have the right to effective protection at work, which automatically translates into the correlative duty of the employer to protect them against a possible contagion of COVID-19. Law 31/1995, of November 8, on the prevention of Occupational Risks defines the framework of obligations and powers of the employer in this matter.
The employer must regularly monitor the health status of its workerss against all those risks that are inherent to work (art. 22). This obliges him to introduce all the preventive measures that are necessary to avoid contagion from his COVID-19 workers, maximizing the protection measures already known.
Through their occupational risk prevention service they must evaluate the risk of exposure where workers can be found. As well as carrying out the tasks of identifying cases, investigating and following up on close contacts that may exist in the company. All this in accordance with the regulations prepared by the competent authority and in coordination with it.
The test practice could have a certain role if there were a workers’ consent for the protection of their health through a labor organization agreed between workers and employers according to the results.
Outside of these assumptions, massively generalizing tests to the entire workforce with the mere intention of granting these serological passports can pose important lace problems in this regulatory framework. Submission to any type of medical examination is voluntary and the labor legislation establishes a respectful framework with the fundamental right of the worker to his physical integrity and privacy.
In this way, the worker could only be forced to undergo this type of tests when it is a question of verifying if their health status can constitute a danger for himself, for other workers or for other people related to the company. All this, of course, taking into account the framework of action that in defense of public health makes possible, both Organic Law 3/1986, of April 14, on Special Measures in the Field of Public Health, and Royal Decree 463 / 2020, of March 14, declaring the state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by COVID-19.
In any case, as of today, the possibility of massively generalizing this type of tests to grant serological passports to immunized workers has been nipped in the bud. The Order of the Ministry of Health of April 13, 2020 limited the performance of tests to detect COVID-19 to private laboratories exclusively to those cases in which there is a previous optional prescription that meets the criteria established by the authority. competent health.
For the moment, the performance of analytical tests should exclusively address clinical indications or dictated provisions by the health authority in attention to the evolution of the pandemic and to public health reasons.
The article was originally published in The Conversation. Its authors are: Josefa Cantero Martínez. Associate Professor of Administrative Law. President of SESPAS, University of Castilla-La Mancha. Ildefonso Hernández Aguado. Professor of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Miguel Hernández University
While celebrating one more year of life, it revalidates its title of leader among the most powerful and fastest models that generate pleasure when driving.
In the midst of celebrating 56 years of life, the American pony car, the Ford Mustang, also celebrates that it retains the title of sports best seller in the world.
The unmistakable model, with its prominent trunk and short tail, remains the number one although in recent years several rivals joined who could not with him. Thus, it is already five years in which the Mustang stays with the position.
The Mustang was born in 1964, has six generations, and the one released in 2015 alone accumulates 633,000 units sold in 146 countries.
The best thing about the Mustang’s history is that its numbers do nothing but keep growing. According to IHS Markit data, sales of the Mustang in Germany grew by 33% in 2019, 50% in Poland and practically doubled in France. In the European global calculation, sales of the Ford Mustang grew 3% with a total of 9,900 units. The more Mustangs are sold, the more Mustang the market wants.
With over 10 million units produced, the pony car has become more than a vehicle to drive over the years. If influence reaches the culture, and it has changed the way in which people experience the feeling of driving.
With deep roots in youth culture, he was the inspiration for renowned rock musicians, art creators and sports benchmarks. So much so that Ford’s pony car has participated in hundreds of films, some highly recognized, such as Bullitt (1968), Misery (1990), Point Break (1991), 60 seconds (2000), Soy Leyenda (2007), El diary of a princess (2001), among others.
The Mustang was also a great inspiration for art and sports such as surfing and golf because the new vehicle captured the essence and lifestyle of the 1960s. In this context, where people began to think differently, to have new ideas and developing, the Mustang began to develop differently and was a boost, even for sports.
In Argentina the arrival of Mustang It became an event and became an icon for the reference musicians of national rock. Juanse, leader of the Paranoid Mice, created a song, Mustang Roll (2018), with a video that shows the singer driving a Mustang on the road.
New Mustang, new story
In 2016, Ford Argentina presented the iconic pony car at the Oscar and Juan Gálvez racetrack in the City of Buenos Aires. The unmistakable and unique roar of the Mustang GT’s engine has been in the market for more than three years.
With more than 300 units sold in the country, Mustang continues to be a benchmark in its category for its long history, history and to be an icon of culture for more than half a century.
In the framework of its third anniversary of the pony car in Argentina, in 2019 Ford presented the New 2020 Mustang, a model recognized for its avant-garde design with classic proportions and aggressive lines, and with an intact and unmistakable personality.
The unique front design is assembled with a sharp profile, to end with a fastback roof drop. In addition, it maintains the DNA that identifies the Mustang in all its generations: its three-bar taillights, in this case with LED technology. It also has adaptive full LED headlights, 19 “alloy wheels, air diffuser and quad chrome exhaust outlet.
Its interior design is inspired by aviation commands, striking a balance between high-quality materials, digital commands, buttons and knobs. The New Mustang features a fully digital, driver-customizable dashboard.
The new Mustang has a 5.0L V8 engine, which delivers a maximum power of 466HP and a maximum torque of 569NM, and is sold from the Pacheco plant, through the direct sales scheme.
The AFIP published in the web service “Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production”, the information it requires from taxpayers
The AFIP has published in the web service “Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production – ATP”, lto information that requires taxpayers to supply in order to carry out the evaluations provided for by article 5 of Decree 332/2020 and determine the benefits that correspond to them.
Information It must be supplied between April 13 and 15, 2020, inclusive.
As it appears from the following screen, when entering the service with the tax code, the taxpayer is requested to provide the following information:
Sales and / or similar, accrued from 03/12/2019 to 04/12/2019.
Sales and / or similar, accrued from 03/12/2020 to 04/12/2020.
Also, they are requested to attach a file (.xls, .xlsx, .ods, .cvs or .pdf format) with the detail of all the vouchers that make up the indicated figures.
As an orientation guide for making the file, it allows you to download an Excel file with the following columns:
It also allows downloading an example with data:
Below we will make some comments regarding the information requested and some of the situations that may arise:
As we have indicated, the AFIP has requested information on sales from 12/3 to 4/10 of the year 2019 and the year 2020 but it is not known how those data will be compared.
We understand that objective data and comparison methodology should be known to taxpayers prior to their analysis in order to determine the benefits that correspond to them.
What is the parameter that determines the substantial decrease in sales?
Decree 332/2020 establishes that employers can qualify for benefits if they meet one or more of the three criteria it indicates.
One of them is the substantial reduction in its sales after March 20, 2020.
For example, in Spain it was established that freelancers could ask for benefits if their sales had decreased by at least 75% in relation to the average turnover of the previous semester.
We do not yet know the parameter that will be used to define when the substantial decrease in sales is verified.
Billing does not mean charging
Decree 332/2020 refers to the substantial decrease in sales and does not contemplate the substantial decrease in collections.
A company may have invoiced from 02/12/2020 to 04/12/2020 but have not charged anything since 03/20/2020.
And that company may need the benefits of Decree 332/2020 regarding employer contributions and assistance for the payment of wages.
However, since the Decree does not contemplate it, the AFIP is not requesting information on collections.
We understand that this will generate many freelancers, monotributistas and SMEs can be left out of the benefits.
In our opinion, Decree 332/2020 should be modified to also consider the substantial decrease in collections as a condition to be able to enter the Program and obtain benefits.
Will the 2019 data be adjusted for inflation to compare with 2020?
We understand that to buy sales for both periods, one of the indices prepared by INDEC that reflect inflation between those months, of around 50%, must be applied.
Let’s look at these examples:
12-month inflation: 50%
2019 Sales: $ 1,000,000
2020 Sales: $ 350,000
If you compare the normal sales, It is concluded that sales decreased by 65%.
On the other hand, if 2019 sales are adjusted for inflation, a decrease in sales of 76.67% would be verified.
2019 Sales: $ 1,500,000 ($ 1,000,000 x 1.50)
2020 Sales: $ 350,000
What happens if the taxpayer cannot access the information to upload the data to the AFIP service?
It may happen that taxpayers do not have access to information that they must supply for analysis.
For example, those who make sales using old-technology tax controllers, may need to access them to extract sales information from 3/12 to 3/19/2020.
Accordingly, we understand that a reasonably estimated amount of sales could be allowed to be reported.
Otherwise, this situation would have to be considered as an exception to social, preventive and mandatory isolation so that they can contact the company to release the information.
Sebastián M. Domínguez Partner of SDC Asesores Tributarios
The also former Minister of Justice and current permanent member of the Council of State has died at the age of 85. His death was not a consequence of Covid-19
Landelino Lavilla(Lrida, 1934), former Minister of Justice, President of the Congress of Deputies during the coup d’état of the23-Fand permanent member ofCouncil of state, He has died at 85 years of age, as confirmed by sources of the highest advisory body of the government, who specify that his death was not a consequence of Covid-19. Lavilla, despite being already very delicate in health, remained active as a director until the end, attending all the body’s committees and meetings.
Jurist of recognized prestige entered the body of Lawyers of theCourt of Accountsin 1958 and in the Council of State a year later. Since 1995, she was the president of the First Section, responsible for affairs from the Presidency of the Government and from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation, the Presidency, Relations with the Courts and Democratic Memory, Territorial Policy and Public Function, as well as issues related to conflicts in defense of local autonomy.
Member of theDemocratic Center Union(UCD), was appointed Minister of Justice by Adolfo Surez, a position he held from 1976 to 1979 and during which he stood out for his reformist measures: he defended the reform of the Penal Code that contemplated the rights of assembly, association and freedom of expression and approved from his department the Amnesty Decree Law. It was also he who assumed the defense of the transcendent Law for Political Reform.
For all these reasons, his name remains inextricably linked to the history of the Transition and the first stages of Spanish democracy and, furthermore, because he held the third state magistracy, the presidency of the Congress of Deputies, in the first democratic legislature ( 1979-1982) when the coup attempt of 23-F took place.
In 1982, after the victory of the PSOE in the general elections, he was replaced at the head of the Lower House by the SocialistGregorio Fish Beard. Lavilla, who by then had been elected president of the UCD, topped the list of his formation in the elections but the electoral failure was overwhelming and the dissolution of the formation took place. He resigned his deputy act in 1983 and, through the mediation of Alfonso Guerra, became part of the Council of State.
Landelino Lavilla was a member of the Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences and president of the Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation.
The president of the Council of State,Mara Teresa Fernndez De la Vega, has deeply regretted the loss of the Permanent Councilor until today: “Landelino Lavilla served with all his wisdom and intellectual generosity and a great institutional sense to the objective of this Council of State. As the whole of the institution, Lavilla always placed at the center of His concern was constitutional loyalty and the defense of the social and democratic State of Law through legal rigor. He was an excellent jurist, a very valuable politician and a magnificent adviser endowed with a great sense of State and an impeccable intellectual loyalty. “
The president of the Congress, Meritxell Batet, for her part, has expressed her sympathy for the death of Landelino Lavilla, whom she has described as “a benchmark” who stood out for her “capacity for integration” and for the defense she made of the institutions democratic.
Through his official Twitter account, Batet has sent the “deepest sympathy” for the death of who was president of Congress in the first legislature, “a key moment” of La Transicin, the socialist deputy recalled.
The psame de los Reyes
Felipe VI and Queen Letizia have expressed “the deep sense of State” of Landelino Lavilla and have highlighted “their work at the service of Spain and Spanish society”. Ace is collected in separate telegrams sent to his wifeJuana Rubira Garca-Valdecasasand the current president of the Council of State,Mara Teresa Fernndez De la Vega.
In both, the Kings have expressed a “deep feeling of sadness”, joining the pain of the family, to which they have transferred “all” their “love” and “all our support”, they say, to the last institution that Landelino presided over The Ville.
Don Juan Carlos and doa Sofa have also sent a telegram highlighting “the sad news of the death of Landelino, whose service to the State we will always keep in mind.”