Doctors question Vallenata Legend Festival 2020 in Valledupar – Other Cities – Colombia

The announcement of the virtual realization of the 53rd edition of the Vallenata Legend Festival, between the end of September and the beginning of October, did not go down well with the doctors from Valledupar and Cesar.

(Read also: The religious relic that they would have found in a patio in Valledupar)

Given the accelerated increase in cases of covid-19 in Cesar, whose main focus is its capital Valledupar, the Valledupar and Cesar Medical College considers it inappropriate to carry it out.

“We are respectful of all the measures that have been applied; however, we consider that we are not for parties. We love our folklore, but the department should be in solidarity with the pain that this pandemic has generated. We have more than 220 dead in the region. I think we are getting used to the culture of death, ”said Joaquín Maestre, president of this association.

“Culture in times of crisis is fundamental and in Valledupar we have a great cultural richness, but if we are in a critical situation in the pandemic, the Festival could be postponed to November or December, when the situation is better,” says Yesmil Pérez, Cesar cultural consultant and manager.

These voices are joined by other connoisseurs of vallenato folklore and see a message of hope in the virtual realization of the festival.

“I think it is positive because in these times a message of hope, of faith can be sent and the folk lyrics summarize much of this feeling. The members of the Foundation will be strict in the biosafety measures ”, specified Jorge“ El Bore ”Lúquez, member of the Shangay bar.

For the journalist and King of the Unpublished Vallenata Song, Félix Carrillo, the Foundation should take advantage of this time for a new formulation of the contest, based on this analysis, project it in 2021.

(You may be interested in: ‘SOS Cartagena’: fight hunger and unemployment during the pandemic)

“I think there is no desire because they have a recognized name. The Foundation should take advantage of this time to analyze the reality of the event, because this is how it collects what has been achieved throughout these 52 years, for a better formulation of the event ”, he said.

The announcement of the event, initially scheduled between April 29 and May 2, was made by the president of the Vallenata Legend Festival Foundation, Rodolfo Molina Araújo, which said that the transmission will be in charge of La Caja de Música (LCM) Live and can be seen for free on and social networks of the Fundación Festival de la Leyenda Vallenata. In addition, it has not yet been defined if the finals and concerts can be charged.

“The pandemic has given us time to reinvent ourselves and modify our capacities, to be able to dream of something that can be done virtually. Everyone will be able to share the same emotions and LCM Live is one of our allies to see it on the different digital platforms ”, he specified.

The initiative has the backing of the Ministry of Culture and the Mayor’s Office of Valledupar, with some exceptions and “keeping the most rigorous biosafety protocols”, approved respectively by the Government Secretariat, after verifying compliance with the protection measures for contestants , juries, technicians and logistics “understanding that life and health occupy the first place”.

“We have taken into account the will of the Vallenato kings, the contestants and participants. There will be no public or massive events are contemplated during the presentations. Social distancing will be preserved and of course, there will be no consumption of liquor ”, assured the president of the Foundation.

During the execution, the guidelines decreed by the National Government and health agencies to protect the young population will be taken into account, therefore The Accordion and Piqueria Infantil, Juvenil Accordion competitions were suspended; Minor Accordion. In addition, the parades of Piloneras, Willys Parranderos and the Children’s Painting contest were suspended.

“It will be a special edition and we will be very responsible with sanitary measures. The tribute to the singer Jorge Oñate and the recognition of the singer-songwriter Rosendo Romero will also be postponed to entertain them as they deserve in a later edition, hopefully next year at number 54, if circumstances allow us, “he explained.


The contestants of the Unpublished Vallenata Song, as usual, must send audio in MP4 format, making known the name of the author, the title of his work and the air in which it was composed.

In the categories of Professional Accordion, Amateur Accordion, Major Category Accordion and Inédita Vallenata Song, 15 participants of each will be preselected, who will enter to contest the respective crowns. The Piqueria Mayor Category contest, as it is a confrontation with verses, will be the exception.

The participants, keeping the sanitary measures, will present themselves in the auditoriums of the Casa de la Cultura Cecilia Caballero de López, University of the Andean Area and the School of Fine Arts of the Popular University of Cesar. These stages will not have any public access.

(We recommend: Prepare your swimsuit! Santa Marta will open its beaches in September)

“They also want to make themselves felt with their talent and show that Vallenata music has the necessary strength to overcome all obstacles and open space on virtual stages,” Molina stressed.

Ludys Ovalle Jácome
Special for THE TIME


Dies at 87 years old, Little Richard, legend of rock and roll

The american musician Richard Pennimanknown to the world by his stage name, Little Richard, and considered one of the great pioneers of the rock, has died at 87 years of age, according to have confirmed his relatives in the magazine Rolling Stone.

Richard, born in Macon (Georgia), in 1932, broke into stardom through the mixture of gospel and R&B to give way to a sound, fast and electric.

Leaves behind rhythms immortal as Tutti Frutti, Long Tall Sally in two years of splendor (1956 and 1957) that he earned as a driver for this sound, that would expand over the next few decades.

Richard is credited as an influence on international movements such as the british rock of The Beatles and the Rolling Stones, and during his career was accompanied by figures of the calibre of Jimi Hendrix.

His songs known versions of a whole spectrum of artists, from the Everly Brothers, the Kinks and Creedence Clearwater Revival to Elvis Costello and the Scorpions.

SOURCE: Europa Press


Robert Herbin and the armband of Rachid Mekhloufi

Died this week at the age of 81, AS Saint-Étienne legend Robert Herbin has had a strong impact on French football with his career, achieving a very good career as a player and then a coach. Before being nicknamed the Sphynx, the “redhead” was a teammate of the Algerian strategist Rachid Mekhloufi to whom he had great admiration. He even inherited his captain’s armband during the 1967-1968 season in a very specific context. La Gazette du Fennec tells you about this episode in the career of the extraordinary player that was Rachid Mekhloufi!

When he arrived in Saint-Etienne in 1957, Robert Herbin was still a very young 18 year old when Rachid Mekhloufi was, already at 21, the rising star who offers theAS Saint-Etienne his first title of champion of France in this season 1956-57 (where he smacked 25 goals) but also the world military championship to France in Buenos Aires (3-1 against Argentina with a double of Mekhloufi).

The following year, in April 1958, Rachid Mekhloufi (4 selections) with amazement turns his back on the French team of the coach Albert Batteux and the World Cup in Sweden to join the glorious FLN Team in Tunis. He abandoned his teammates at Saint-Etienne, who plunged back into D2 for a season, and traveled the world for the Algerian cause with his brothers in the Revolution. After independence in 1962, it was thanks to his trainer Jean Snella that he returned to Forez after a few months on the Servette in Geneva.

Mekhloufi thus reconnects with the Stéphane Cauldron and his teammate Robert Herbin, who became part of the Greens, with Aimé Jacquet, but also of the tricolor selection of which he became the captain. Under the orders of Jean Snella, Mekhloufi, converted playmaker, shines again upon his return in December 1962 while ASSE is in D2. With 15 goals in 20 games, he helped the club finish D2 French Champion and created the feat the following season of being crowned D1 French Champion again for the 1963/64 season. A promotion who wins the championship is a first in the history of French football. Apostle of offensive and collective football, Jean Snella transmitted his faith to his gifted student whose talent he admired: ” Rachid, he testified during his lifetime, is part of the breed of scholars. They have nothing to learn. They invent football. For coaches, these are pearls. “And Robert Herbin, Mekhloufi’s teammate and his “accomplice” during the glorious years of the Greens, added: ” Rachid is incomparable by his paws. He knows how to catch all of his people at fault by attitudes, primers, races where “this is not true”. Creating the unexpected is the secret of great footballers. Rachid is the king of the unexpected.

foreign license mekhloufi asse 1967

After two titles of Champion of France gleaned in 1964 and 1967, Jean Snella decides to leave ASSE and leaves his post to Albert Batteux whose mission is to ensure the continuity of his remarkable work. But Rachid Mekhloufi, who is the undisputed star of the Stéphane team and the emblematic captain, does not have a very positive view of the arrival at the helm of the former coach of the Reims stadium and expresses it a little too openly in The team where he regrets the departure of his mentor.

Batteux removes the armband from Mekhloufi to give it to Herbin

Named best player in the French championship in 1967, Mekhloufi is humiliated by Albert Batteux who decides to remove the captain’s armband to entrust it to Robert Herbin. ” Rachid, explains Batteux, harbored the same feelings for Snella as Raymond Kopa towards me. (…) I understood it and did not take it into account. He had also returned from vacation late, had put on weight and was playing only on his talent, which was immense, without bringing to training all the seriousness and all the rigor that one could expect from the team captain.“. The responsibility of the team in the field then changes to Robert Herbin. Because according to Batteux, ” the captain is not necessarily the best player. It’s a symbol. He is the one who best represents the team, who coaches it and who must be exemplary in all respects. “.

mekhloufi batteux crisis 1967

The episode then caused a great stir in the French sports press of the time. Some believe that the former coach of Blue, Albert Batteux, had not digested Mekhloufi’s defection for the 1958 World Cup. He thus avenged himself in his own way. Others went so far as to imply that Mekhloufi saw himself deprived of his status as captain because he was Algerian and that it was not conceivable that the captain of a French team as famous as the oneAS Saint-Etienne may be of Algerian nationality. It is therefore Robert Herbin, captain of the 1966 French World Cup Team, who inherits the captain’s armband from AS Saint-Etienne, reigning French Champion.

Mekhloufi slams the door after a double in the final of the Coupe de France (2-1)!

This episode deeply upsets Rachid Mekhloufi who will live his last season with ASSE which he decides to leave – in apotheosis – by offering his club the first double Cup-Championship in its history. His last game under the colors ofAS Saint-Etienne, May 12, 1968 in Colombes, is simply sumptuous. In the final of the Coupe de France against Bordeaux, the Algerian slams a double (2-1) and then leaves. ” Look at the fate of someone who is upright and honest. Not only do I score a volley on a golden ball given by the redhead, but in addition I shoot twice the penalty: I score a first time but the referee makes me withdraw because he did not have hissed. On that day, fate told me “thank you Rachid for your career!”. That day, I had proof that God exists. But I didn’t want to attend the party. I ran away after the game, I didn’t watch the TV show and I didn’t go to the Crazy Horse. I also didn’t attend the parade in Saint-Etienne. They looked for me. But from the moment the dish broke, it’s over. That’s why I left the following season. I didn’t blame the Stéphanois supporters. Rocher (the president) didn’t know how to defend myself, Batteux didn’t know how to be above all that. I would have liked to have finished my career in Saint-Etienne and retrain as a trainer or trainer there. Maybe now I’ll be a Greens coach (laughs) “Explained, much later, the strategist Rachid Mekhloufi who thus paved the way for his friend Robert Herbin. In 1972, the latter became a coach, succeeding Albert Batteux. By achieving the perfect amalgamation between youth and experience, he built one of the best European teams by bringing ASSE to the final of the 1976 European Cup. The “Sphinx” participated in fifteen of the seventeen national titles won by ASSE, between 1957 and 1983. Disappeared in April 2020, it left an unequaled prize list at ASSE. As for Rachid Mekhloufi, who built his legend as a player (4 French Champion titles and 1 French Cup), he wrote his own coaching history with Algeria and today lives peacefully in retirement in Tunisia.

Mekhloufi shines in the final and then shines by his absence on TV!


Applause for caregivers and Chinese legend

Our applause every evening at 8 p.m., that Italy inspired us, addressed to all those who brave the danger, without sparing their pain, to treat us and protect us, remind me of this ancient Chinese legend whose Japanese Noh theater s is fed in the XVe century (and that we could see in Paris in February 2019).

Formerly there was a man, named Sobu, exiled to a remote province. Left in his country, his wife and children were tormented by the thought that he could not sleep through the freezing nights. So every night they went up to the top of a high pavilion to beat the kinuta, that chunk of wood on which the fabrics were once hit with a mallet to soften them, in the hope that the sound would transmit their thoughts. They are said to have reached their goal beyond a thousand li, because Sobu heard, it is said, in his sleep, the distant sound of kinuta, and was comforted by it.

May this legend strengthen our thoughts and our applause, beyond distances!

Véronique B.


Stirling Moss, the ‘crownless champion’ of F1, dies

Laureate with 16 Grand Prix victories between 1955 and 1961 without ever being proclaimed Formula 1 World Champion, Britain’s Stirling Moss, the ‘crownless champion’ of motorsports, passed away on Sunday at the age of 90. “He just closed his eyes” after a long illness, his wife, Susie Moss, announced to the British PA agency. The president of the International Automobile Federation (FIA), Jean Todt, praised on Twitter the memory “of a true legend of the automobile sport that will continue forever among us”.

Eclipsed by the Argentine Juan Manuel Fangio, Moss finished second in the World Cup on four occasions (1955, 1956, 1957 and 1958), and three others he was third, without ever achieving the title, which earned him his nickname. In 1962, he was forced to end his racing career after a violent accident on the British Goodwood circuit that left him a month in a coma and six months with paralysis of the body. His Formula 1 career was straddling the end of Fangio’s glorious days and the beginnings of Jim Clark, depriving him of further successes.

However, Sir Stirling’s sporting career – he received the honorary title in 1999 – was not limited to F1. Endurance, mountain races … in his record there are 212 victories in 529 races played in total. Moss conquered the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1956 for Aston Martin and took a mythical victory in the ‘Mille Miglia’ in 1955 with Mercedes-Benz. That day, along with his partner, the English journalist Dennis Jenkinson, he overtook Fangio, the Argentine also with Mercedes, at the end of 1,600 kilometers in about ten hours of racing. The image of his face blackened by dust and oil in which the silhouette of his glasses is outlined is one of the most iconic of motorsport.

Win as a goal

For Moss victory was the only objective. «I know that I was faster than other drivers who won the World Cup. But driving to finish (races) and score a few points was not interesting to me. Some could do it, I saw it often, but my philosophy was different. I had absolutely no psychology to win titles, first of all I am a runner “, confessed in 2009 to the magazine ‘Motorsport’.

In 1958, it is his compatriot Mike Hawthorn who is crowned F1 world champion with only one victory throughout the season, by four of Moss, but with greater regularity, which gives him the title with one more point than the ‘champion without a crown’. With great sportsmanship and chivalry, Moss intervened for Hawthorn to regain his second place in the Portuguese GP after being initially disqualified, thus depriving himself of the title.

His serious accident in 1962 put him in a coma for a month. After a long convalescence, he returned to the wheel of a racing car in May 1963 to take a few laps around the track before entering the pits and saying: “I’ll quit.” He had lost his sensations and part of his visual acuity and reflexes. In the 1970s, however, it participated in the London-Sahara-Munich rally, but abandoned in the Algerian desert.

In the early 1980s he would make a brief foray into the British Touring Car Championship. He was faithful to the end to his belief that “it is better to be a driver who prefers to lose driving fast than another who prefers to win driving slowly.”


Jones, another Atlético legend, dies

The former Equatorial Guinean soccer player Miguel Jones, who played for Atlético de Madrid and Osasuna in the 1960s, has died this Wednesday at the age of 81, as reported by the Red and White entity, which describes him as another of his legends.

Jones, the great “black” friend of Luis Aragonés, arrived at Atlético in 1959, coming from Indautxu, at the request of coach Fernando Daucik. He debuted on October 18 of the same year in a match against Granada at the Metropolitan stadium.

He stood out as a great striker who, thanks to his physical display and versatility, could be considered a wild card for coaches. Thus, given his qualities and great physical condition, he could be seen playing as a striker, winger, midfielder and even center back.

In the collective memory of all the athletes, his goal will remain in the Recopa del 62 final against Fiorentina (3-0), where Jones scored the first goal of the match, and the double signed by Malabo in the last league game played on March 27, 1966 in that stadium. That day, Atlético climbed to the top of the classification, a fundamental situation to conquer the title.

During his rojiblanco journey, Jones scored 50 goals, played 129 games over eight seasons and won five titles: the aforementioned League 1965-66, three Cups (1960, 1961 and 1965) and the historic Recopa against Fiorentina, the first European title in the rojiblancos.


Five Anglo-Saxon films loaded with Black Legend and historical errors about the Spanish



Related news

Some are reputed to have an acid sense of humor and to spend all day having tea. Others to love above all things “Liberté, la Égalité, la Fraternité” and roquefort cheese. Many in the north of being too hardworking or overly civic … All countries and races have a series of stereotypes linked, almost always false or incomplete but rarely as harmful as in the Spanish case. A good part of the topics about the Spanish derive from what was proclaimed by the Anglo-Dutch propaganda of the 16th century (they were the precursors, although not the only ones) about the violent, fanatic, backward and depraved nature of the country of Felipe II. A hate speech that is still reflected today in the way in which the rest of the world and the cinema see the nation of siesta, bleeding and clapping.

Movies are never completely harmless. The images are engraved in the mind with much more depth than the written word », says Henry Kamen about the danger of perpetuating certain prejudices.

“Pirates of the Caribbean”

As account Stephen Vincent Boisseau in the study «The image of the presence of Spain in America (1492-1898) in British and American cinema ”, it is unthinkable that today in theme parks aimed at children, the looting, for example, of a Chinese town in 1930 by Japanese troops or a German one by troops was staged in an attraction with happy music Swedes in the 17th century. And that is precisely what is represented in the Disney films of the “Pirates of the Caribbean” saga: the joyous staging of the robbery, torture and looting of Spanish cities in America, which were at the time the tapes were developed the country with greater presence in the area.

The “Pirates of the Caribbean” saga has contributed to trivialize the looting carried out by pirates, especially Anglo-Saxons, on populations of the Caribbean

“This indicates a trivialization of evil in the public’s mind, with an internalization by hundreds of millions of people of the idea that it is admissible and normal to carelessly view crimes committed by pirates,” he points out in his report. Stephen Vincent Boisseau. From an Anglo-Saxon view of history, there is an apology for behavior typified as criminal criminals according to western and international criminal legislation. The suffering of thousands of people is normalized to extol some heroes, or antiheroes, who enjoy undeserved fame in the Anglo-Saxon imagination.

In parallel to the increase in trade between America and Seville, the French Monarchy and other enemies of the empire began to finance pirate expeditions against the ships that the Spanish used to transport merchandise. In 1521, French pirates under the command of Juan Florin managed to capture part of the known as “The Treasure of Montezuma”, the bulk of the wealth that Hernán Cortés sent to Carlos V after the conquest of Tenochtitlan, opening a whole new avenue for assaults and boardings. However, the Spanish soon learned to defend themselves against the French pirates, who were later joined by the English and the Dutch, through impressive galleons, much more armed than pirate ships, and a system of convoys that, centuries later , would serve the allied nations in World War I to structure their defense against German submarines.

Between 1540 and 1650 – the period of greatest flow in the transport of gold and silver – of the 11,000 ships that made the America-Spain route, 519 ships were lost, most of them due to storms and other natural reasons. Only 107 did it for pirate attacks, that is, less than 1%, according to the calculations of Fernando Martínez Laínez in his book “Tercios de España: Una legendean infantry”.

Between 1540 and 1650, the period of greatest flow in the transport of gold and silver, of the 11,000 ships that made the America-Spain journey, 519 were lost

The historian Germán Vázquez Chamorro, author of the book “Female Pirates” (Algaba Ediciones), downplays the influence that piracy could have had in the process of decline of the Spanish Empire. In his opinion, the most famous pirates risen to fame, especially for English literature and propaganda, actually attacked fishing boats or boats of little or no value to the Spanish Crown. In fact, Spain’s enemies dispensed with allying themselves with pirates when they discovered other methods of gaining ground on this empire. Thus, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, all nations conspired to mercilessly pursue and punish pirates.

Roosevelt, the hero who massacred Spaniards

One of the reasons why the US He convinced his public opinion of the need to expel the Spaniards from Cuba because, following the dogmas of the Black Legend, it was a town of uncivilized bad Christians who were exploiting the local population. The yellow press and also politicians like this contributed to this propaganda campaign. Theodore Roosevelt, who would be president of the country from 1901 to 1909 and directly intervened in war.

Roosevelt was a staunch defender of the superiority of the Anglo-Saxon-Germanic race, as he wrote in his book “The Conquest of the West,” implying that Indians, African-Americans, and Hispanics were inferior beings. For these convictions and for mere political interest, the then undersecretary of the Navy did not hesitate to the outbreak of war with Spain to enlist as lieutenant colonel, second in command of the 1st Voluntary Cavalry Regiment, a unit of more than a thousand riders known as «Rough Riders» («hard riders»). However, Roosevelt’s role in that hill of San Juan (Santiago de Cuba), the bloodiest battle of the war, was mythologized until falling into blatant lies. The image of the politician leading a brave charge of his regiment against a mined hill of Spaniards spread with Remington paintings.

Frame of Roosevelt in the series «Rude Riders»
Frame of Roosevelt in the series «Rude Riders»

Over the years this mythical vision earned Roosevelt the Medal of Honor of the congress and cinema works, without the slightest hysterical criteria, as a tribute. William Night in 1919 he directed “The fighting Roosevelts,” a biography authorized by the President that included the charge at San Juan. The reality is that Roosevelt and his men went up the hill on foot, while they were the Buffalo Soldier, a unit of African Americans who had saved the Rough Riders on the previous hill, who carried out the most direct attack in front of a group of Spaniards in numerical inferiority. The Rough Riders were late for the fight, but in time to take an iconic photograph and shoot the Spanish in the back. Roosevelt himself boasted after the conflict of killing enemies like animals: “I killed with my own hand a Spaniard like a hare.”

«I killed with my own hand a Spaniard like a hare»

Other later films like “The negative” (1925) and The Rough Riders (1927) portrayed the conflict in the same romantic terms. Also, in 1997, on the eve of the centennial of the conflict, the series «Rude riders», which uses “the inversion of guilt, the concealment of historical facts, the exaggeration and misrepresentation of facts” to present an alternative reality to what really happened in Santiago de Cuba. In addition to lies and myths, fiction emphasizes the union of Yankees and Confederates in the war, as well as the integration of Native Americans, African Americans, and even a Hispanic character, Sgt. Rafael Castillo, who claims to fight for the freedom of Cubans, Americans like him, against the Spanish who mistreat them with hunger, beatings and take their wives.

Completely improbable reconstruction of the US situation in 1898, where Confederate veterans would never have agreed to have blacks around when the Ku-Klux-Klan roamed at ease in the south; where the Mexicans knew that Spain was no longer the true enemy, after the signing of the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty (1848), which forced Mexico to cede half of its sovereign territory to the United States; and where the natives were confined to miserable reserves.

“The name of the rose”

Another film cited by Stephen Vincent Boisseau as an example on the topic of Spanish fans is “The name of the rose” (1986), based on the novel by the Italian Umberto Eco with the same title. In this work, a series of murders occur in an Italian abbey in the Order of Saint Benedict of the 14th century The British friar William de Baskerville, a former inquisitor follower of Roger Bacon and William of Ockham, two British promoters of science and logical reasoning as a divine gift, has to investigate. Faced with the progress represented by the English, the person responsible for the crimes turns out to be the Castilian monk Jorge de Burgos, a superstitious fanatic who hates laughter and progress.

Umberto Eco describes it like this:

“The one who had just spoken was a monk hunched over by the weight of the years, white as snow; I don’t mean the hair, but also the face, and the pupils. I understood that I was blind. Although the body was already shrinking from the weight of age, the voice was still majestic, and the arms and hands powerful. He fixed his eyes on us as if he were watching us, and always, also in the days that followed, I saw him move and speak as if he still had the gift of sight. But the tone of the voice, on the other hand, was that of someone who was endowed with the gift of prophecy ».

Still from Sean Connery as the enlightened friar from “The Name of the Rose”

Somehow William of Baskerville he is a forerunner of the Reformation and Jorge de Burgos one of those Catholics who would supposedly cling to the past in the Council of Trent. The idea that the Anglo-Saxon world, through Protestant reform, managed to break the chains that tied Europe to the Middle Ages is a constant to explain why today, at least in appearance, the Catholic area of ​​the continent is less developed economically and scientifically. However, there is no causal correlation between the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution. As noted science historian David Wooton noted in an article in Nature magazine in 2017, titled History: Science and Reformation“The scientific revolution took place independently of the Protestant reform, if it had not existed, the scientific achievements would have been the same.”

There is no causal correlation between the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution, only temporal

The proof of this is that there were great Catholic scientists, like Copernicus, Galileo, Pascal or Mendel, without being born on one side or the other of Europe guaranteed a path of roses for the discoverers. Because it is also not true that Protestants were more permeable to certain discoveries. In Spain the work of Copernicus enjoyed great prestige and the University of Salamanca considered it to be compulsory reading, while it was prohibited in the Universities of Zurich (1553), Rostock (1573) and Tübingen (1582), among others in Protestant territories. Calvin came to attack the Pole for daring to place himself above the Holy Spirit.

«1492: The conquest of paradise»

The supposed genocide of the indigenous population in America is another of the props of what is known as the Black Legend. The film “1492: The Conquest of Paradise”, directed by Ridley Scott in the year that commemorated five hundred years after the arrival of Columbus, he resorts to the usual topics to explain how a backward and fanatical nation like Castilla, represented as a field of executions and inquisitorial repression, ended up enriching itself by corrupting a paradise in the land. Idea taken from the myth of “good wild” of the Enlightenment, so that indigenous and pre-Columbian societies are presented as a lost paradise corrupted by Europeans. This hardly matches the human sacrifices, cannibalism, and brutality that the conquistadors found in some American towns.

Gérard Depardieu, like Columbus, in “1492: The Conquest of Paradise”

In the movie of Ridley ScottThe Genoese Columbus must face the opposition of many elements of Castilian society in order to carry his expedition forward, so that more than with Spanish help he manages to reach America in spite of them. The anti-Spanish vision appears reflected in the systematic mistreatment of the Indians as soon as they step on land. The Spanish Adrián de Moxica, a real character who went with Columbus on his third trip, cuts hands and mistreats the Indians who do not give him gold and taxes, while the supposedly Genoese navigator opposes this way of acting of the Spanish. The reality is just the opposite. Christopher Columbus turned a deaf ear to Isabel La Católica’s claims of “treating these Indians very well and with affection” and enslaved the Taíno Indians on their successive trips until dramatically reducing their number.

The Spanish Adrián de Moxica, a real character who went with Columbus on his third trip, cuts hands and mistreats the Indians who do not give him gold and taxes, despite the fact that the supposedly Genoese navigator opposes this way of acting

The chroniclers Bartolomé de Las Casas criticized the cruelty of Columbus to the Indians and recalled in his texts that it contradicted the spirit “of benevolence, sweetness and Christian peace” claimed by the Catholic Monarchs. When Columbus appeared with a thousand slaves on his second return to Spain, the queen of castile He ordered the sailor to return these men and women to the New World, which was too late for many of them, due to the Iberian cold and exposure to unknown diseases.

Elizabeth: the Golden Age

The Anglican tradition places the fight between Catholics and Protestants of the 16th century, staged in the misnamed Invincible Army, the founding myth of the English nation. Felipe II is the villain of a fable where English Catholics, like today Catalans who do not declare themselves independent, are painted by nationalists as traitors or agents in the service of foreigners. The real English are the Anglicans and the rest are foreign fanatics.

In “Elizabeth: the Golden Age”, Elizabeth I is depicted as a war that drove troops to the coast in case the Spanish landed in England

The British movie Elizabeth: the Golden Age (2007), where Felipe II is played by a Jordi Mollà With a sinister voice and a dark personality, he collects all the anti-Spanish nationalist myths. Not only does she portray Elizabeth I as a compassionate, light-illuminated warrior woman in front of the intriguing King of Spain, she also presents the catastrophe of the Great and Happiest Spanish Army as a consequence of the victory of the fast and cunning English ships over the slow ones. and late Spanish ships, despite the fact that there was hardly any fighting between the two squads.

The Hispanicist Henry Kamen He criticized the film for its lack of rigor and its concessions to the nationalist tradition when presenting the Spanish as “the diabolical enemies of Spain”, an idea present for centuries in the persecution and execution of thousands of Catholics, in addition to perpetuating an image “absolutely negative and incorrect of the historical relations between England and Spain ». In general, the British historian defined the tape as “a blatant hymn of praise for England and its greatness.”


Twelve more months of Olympic legend

For most athletes, life is organized in Olympic cycles. Four years working to collect the fruits on ‘D-day’: economic prizes, scholarships, and new contracts to reach the next Games. And of course, the greatest of glories. That is why, late in the thirties and when the gasoline pilot lights irretrievably, the athletes look at the next Olympic event on the calendar and mark a farewell in style in red.

This year the coronavirus pandemic, in the least of its consequences, has upset the agenda of many legends who were already on the verge of withdrawal. Tokyo will have to wait until 2021 and with it, the competitive goodbye of a generation.

The best marathoner in history set for Tokyo what would be the perfect finishing touch to his career. After shining on the track and becoming eternal on the asphalt, with 11 victories and the world record (2:01:39), revalidating his Olympic gold in the Japanese capital was the only pending account of Eliud Kipchoge. However, and although he will be 36 years old in 2021, the Kenyan wants to continue with the plan: “At first I was shocked, I had to think about it carefully, but then I told myself that it was not a bad idea to postpone the Games.” On his withdrawal, he continues to strip the daisy: “I see myself running in 2021. We are going to let next year come and then we will make a great decision about it.”

The American Allyson Felix, the most successful athlete in the history of the World Cups and the Olympic Games (nine medals, six golds) completed in Doha, last October, the most difficult yet: returning from a complicated motherhood and adding two more golds to her 33 years. He has already turned 34 and in Tokyo 2021 he will be 35, but he does not seem to mind: «I have woken up every morning since I was 17 years old looking for Olympic gold. I’m not sure what the future holds, but my goal has not changed. I still hope to enjoy the feeling of being on the podium in 2021. “

Kenyan marathoner Eliud Kipchoge.
Kenyan marathoner Eliud Kipchoge. / Afp

When withdrawal has been mentioned, the Olympics have always appeared on the horizon of Roger Federer. The Swiss tennis player, winner of 20 Grand Slam, hurries the last strokes of his career with 38 years … That will last until 40. And is that with the postponement of Tokyo 2020, Federer will give himself one more season before hanging the racket. The individual Olympic gold is the only title that he lacks in his record (he has it in doubles), although the Helvetian is not obsessed: “It doesn’t mean that much to me. I just want to do my best and see if I can win another medal, although obviously if it were gold it would be crazy.

Serena Williams, who will be 39 in 2021, will also travel to Japan with gold in her sights, although she already knows what it is to win it alone (in 2012) and accompanied by her sister Venus (in 2000, 2008 and 2012). “We were eager to win in Tokyo this year, but postponing it to 2021 gives us another motivation: Being the first player to win the Games in an odd year!” Jokes his coach, Patrick Mouratoglou.

Serena Williams.
Serena Williams. / Reuters

Laszlo Cseh he had the bad luck to meet Michael Phelps in the water. That alone explains that a swimmer of his caliber does not have any Olympic gold, and that in the best moment of his career, in Beijing 2008, he won three silver in his three European records in 200m butterfly, 200m styles and 400m styles. Phelps devastated the golds and world records.

Now 34, the Hungarian planned to say goodbye to swimming in Tokyo: “I thought 2020 would be my last year. Now I must continue training and compete as soon as possible. I want to do my best in the Games, but if in the end I stay as an eternal second, life goes on, right? ».

Hungarian swimmer Lászlo Cseh.
Hungarian swimmer Lászlo Cseh. / Reuters

Two of the best basketball players in history rush their careers with the next Games. Sue Bird will arrive in Tokyo 2021 at the age of 40 and Diana Taurasi with 39, with the aim of adding both a fifth consecutive gold with the United States, and they have already confirmed that they will play at least this other season in the WNBA, until the Games. “The reality is that I don’t think a year will change much for us because we have found a way to be at the top of our game,” says Bird.

Sue Bird.
Sue Bird. / Reuters

The most successful gymnast of all time, however, it is not clear that she will be in Tokyo next year to revalidate her four golds in Rio. He’s only 23 years old, but Simone Biles he faces the end of his career dealing with more psychological than physical barriers; and is that he suffered for years the abuse of the national team doctor, Larry Nassar. Mentally, I don’t know if I’m going to be able to deal with this for another year, it’s going to be tough. I have to listen to my head and my body, go to the gym and see how I feel, “he says.

Simone Biles
Simone Biles / Reuters


Von der Leyen asks the EU for “a big heart, not 27 little ones”

The President of the European Commission,Ursula von der Leyen, has asked this Thursday for solidarity with the leaders of the EU so that Europe does “the right thing” and acts “with a big heart and not with 27 little ones”, before the “crossroads” represented by the coronavirus crisis.

“History is watching us right now so we are going to act together and do the right thing, witha big heart and not with 27 little ones“, He stressed in an intervention in the European Parliament, which debates and votes on measures to respond to the health emergency due to the disease.

According to the German conservative, at this time the values ​​of the union are in question, so it is necessary to guarantee a Europe that“be for the Europeans”and put “empathy” above all else.

The Eurochamber celebrates aextraordinary plenarytwo-hour period needed to pass urgent legislative proposals to help member states cope with the consequences of the pandemic on their economy and health services.

Von der Leyen has ensured that these measures will remain engraved in the memory of European citizens and willmarking the foundations of the EU.As he explained, it is necessary to take a “learning” out of this situation to define what the EU wants in the future and, in his opinion, the debate should not be about more or less Europe, but whether to take advantage of this “storm to ensure that Europe can better resist the following “crisis.

“Only if we help each other, can we help ourselves,” he stressed, in a message loaded with Europeanist references, in which he insisted on the importance of coordinating the response to the virus, ugly that at the beginning of the crisis many sought alone“help themselves”.

Criticism of France and Germany

Although he has not directly quoted Germany and France, he has had harsh words against his “unilateral” decision to restrict exports ofsanitary material,stating that a crisis without borders cannot be solved by putting “barriers”.

“This simply does not make sense, there is not a single Member State that can meet the demand for medical equipment,” said the leader of the Community Executive, adding that the free movement of goods and services in Europe is, in fact,“the best asset”to ensure that medical equipment reaches where it is most needed.

Von der Leyen has had words for the sick fighting the battle against the virus and thanked the people who“face without question”the pandemic and “endanger his life” fighting from the front line. This has reminded health personnel, but also those who collect garbage, funeral staff, transporters, workers, cleaning staff or bakers. “Europe has a huge debt to all of you,” he stressed.

The session of the Parliament is developing in an exceptional way, since the MEPs have been asked not to go to the Hemicycle and vote remotely, so only the president of the Eurochamber, David Sassoli, and the designated to intervenewill be present at the plenary,respecting the rules of physical distance to reduce the risk of contagion.

In this regard, Sassoli has valued that this plenary session “atypical“It serves to guarantee that democratic life continues, which, in his opinion, is the best service of MEPs to their countries.” Everything has not stopped, democracy cannot be interrupted and at this dramatic moment, our duty is be at the service of citizens and give guidance and hope to face this moment of darkness, “he said.