A disturbing smell of sulfur extends from Lille to Nantes: we will explain to you what

On the night of Sunday to Monday, May 11, the phone kept ringing at Ile-de-France firefighters. A few hours earlier, it had been the same with their colleagues in Hauts-de-France. And, since this Monday morning, it is the inhabitants of the Pays de la Loire – and particularly of Nantes, Sarthe and Le Mans – who are calling the men of fire.

Each time, everyone reports a phenomenon that is both unpleasant and disturbing: a strong smell of sulfur hovering in the air. Each time, the fear of an industrial accident like that of Lubrizol, near Rouen, is mentioned by the people – sometimes panicked – who call 18. Wrongly: No specific intervention is in progress “, explain the Paris firefighters.

Given the scale of the number of calls, they even cracked an official press release on Twitter Sunday evening, calling on Parisians to calm down.

That smell felt in several departments is probably linked to recent bad weather, they explain. If their answer is reassuring, it does not solve this double problem: what is this smell? And what causes it?

What is that smell?

It is a sign of air pollution. To what? To two main elements. To NO2 first – translate: to nitrogen dioxide. This is part of the NOx family, in other words nitrogen oxides, which are formed by the combination of oxygen and nitrogen. Remember that NO2 is a very toxic gas by inhalation. It is acrid and stinging the eyes because, in short, it interacts chemically with water (including therefore with that of our eyes).

However, this odor can also be a sign of sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution, with the characteristic rotten egg smell. That said, the air quality monitoring organization in Ile-de-France, Airparif, has not noted high levels of SO2, but specifies that this foul odor can also be emitted by a very present component in wastewater, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a very recognizable gas … but which is not part of its records.

It looks like a mixture between an insect burnt in a halogen flagpole and the old Brussels sprout … ”specifies this Internet user:

What is the origin of this smell?

– Sewage mixing

This was suggested by the Paris city hall last night. Emmanuel Grégoire, first deputy, says that it could be related to the shuffling of the sewerage networks because of the heavy rain which brings up the decomposition gases.

Without being false, on the contrary, the statement does not seem sufficient: certainly, the severe thunderstorms this weekend resulted in heavy precipitation, themselves clogging up and mixing up the rainwater and sanitation network. From there to raise such rotten egg smells, and over such a distance, from Lille to Nantes, the thing seems unlikely.

In a tweet, Emmanuel Grégoire announces that“No fire or industrial incident has been reported”. He adds that “Checks [sont] In progress “.

Whether sulfur dioxide or hydrogen sulfide has been released into the atmosphere through large city sewers is highly plausible. But these gases are not enough to create a phenomenon of such geographic scope on their own. So what could have amplified the phenomenon?

– The storms themselves

It is not necessarily known, but the stormy phenomena are nitrogen oxide plants (incidentally, the same goes for volcanic eruptions and large forest fires).

More than 1.2 billion lightning strikes occur worldwide each year. Laboratory and field tests have revealed that the core of some lightning reaches 29,700 ° C. Monstrous heat, in any case sufficient to instantly melt the sand and break the oxygen and nitrogen molecules into two individual atoms.

Translate: each of these billions of lightnings produces a breath of nitrogen oxide (Nox) which reacts with sunlight and other gases in the atmosphere to produce ozone, in particular.

However, France experienced a violent electrical activity this weekend. Not billions of lightnings, of course, but enough to produce nitrogen oxides, as Mark Parrington explains in a tweet:

– A pollution wave

We saw it this weekend, and we can only notice it since this Monday morning: after flows from the south-west which brought powerful and lasting storms over France, an immense cold front, coming from the north -est, quickly repelled this hot and humid air to bring its cool temperatures to the south of the Loire.

What caused besides from Sunday thick mists and fogs above the waters of the English Channel, but also on Cotentin and North Brittany (photo below).

In doing so, this strong wind brought with it, and accumulated along the warm edge, the atmosphere loaded with pollution (NO2 and SO2 in particular) which reigned over Great Britain and Northern Europe (Netherlands, Belgium…), especially above the big cities (Antwerp, for example).

Because, it must be said again, the main source of nitrogen oxide pollution is of human origin: it comes first from the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, fuel oil, natural gas), from vehicle exhausts, but also the fermentation of wet grains stored in silos and some massive agricultural spreading.

This pollution wave, brought by a strong northeast wind, seems in any case here the predominant factor.

As we can see on the map at the head of the article, the NO2 concentration was particularly high on a diagonal between Lille and Nantes, last night – and it should remain so until this evening at least (map above).

Is this phenomenon dangerous?

Yes. And no. As is often the case, it all depends on the quantity of the pollutant considered. In this case, the concentration of NO2 and SO2 in the atmosphere.

The concentrations recorded last night and this morning do not exceed the danger thresholds established by the authorities. Thus, the limit values ​​for Airparif correspond, on an annual average, to 50 µg / m³ for SO2 and 40 µg / m³ for NO2. And the values ​​recorded last night did not seem to have exceeded 10 µg / m³ for NO2.

Anyway, the police headquarters laboratory took samples last night to try to identify the origin of this odor. The results must be known this Monday evening.

The phenomenon has apparently been more spectacular than dangerous. Which does nothing to diminish the reality of this pollution.

To conclude, we have therefore witnessed, for the past 24 hours, a combination of factors – natural and human – and pollution – nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide – which have triggered the appearance, on our territory, of this gigantic cloud with a foul odor. Not the conditions dreamed of for a first day of deconfinement.

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A disturbing smell of sulfur extends from Lille to Nantes: what you need to know

On the night of Sunday to Monday, May 11, the phone kept ringing at Ile-de-France firefighters. A few hours earlier, it had been the same with their colleagues in Hauts-de-France. And, since this Monday morning, it is the inhabitants of the Pays de la Loire – and particularly of Nantes and Sarthe – who are calling the men of fire.

Each time, everyone reports a phenomenon that is both unpleasant and disturbing: a strong smell of sulfur hovering in the air. Each time, the fear of an industrial accident like that of Lubrisol, near Rouen, is mentioned by the people – sometimes panicked – who call 18. Wrongly: No specific intervention is in progress explain the firefighters.

Given the scale of the number of calls, they even cracked an official press release on Twitter Sunday evening, calling on Parisians to calm down.

That smell felt in several departments is probably linked to recent bad weather, they explain. Taken into account, this odor does not correspond to any particular intervention in progress. Please only dial 18-112 in case of a proven emergency, they add. If their answer is reassuring, it does not solve this double problem: what is this smell? And what causes it?

What is this smell?

It is a sign of air pollution. To what? To two main elements. To NO2 first – translate: to nitrogen dioxide. This is part of the NOx family, in other words nitrogen oxides, which are formed by the combination of oxygen and nitrogen. Remember that NO2 is a very toxic gas by inhalation. It smells bad, it is pungent and it stings the eyes because, in short, it interacts chemically with water (including therefore with that of our eyes).

However, this odor is also a sign of sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution, with the characteristic rotten egg smell.

What is the origin of this smell?

– Sewage mixing

This was suggested by the Paris city hall last night. Emmanuel Grégoire, first deputy, says that it could be related to the shuffling of the sewerage networks because of the heavy rain which brings up the decomposition gases.

Without being false, on the contrary, the statement does not seem sufficient: admittedly, the severe thunderstorms this weekend resulted in heavy precipitation, themselves clogging up and stirring up the rainwater and sanitation network. From there to raise such rotten egg smells, and over such a distance, from Lille to Nantes, the thing seems unlikely.

It is obvious that sulfur dioxide was released into the atmosphere through the sewers of large cities. But this gas is not necessarily enough to create a phenomenon of such magnitude on its own. So what could have amplified the phenomenon?

– The storms themselves

It is not necessarily known, but the stormy phenomena are nitrogen oxide plants (incidentally, the same goes for volcanic eruptions and large forest fires).

More than 1.2 billion lightning strikes occur worldwide each year. Laboratory and field tests have revealed that the core of some lightning reaches 29,700 ° C. Monstrous heat, in any case sufficient to instantly melt the sand and break the oxygen and nitrogen molecules into two individual atoms.

Translate: each of these billions of lightnings produces a breath of nitrogen oxide (Nox) which reacts with sunlight and other gases in the atmosphere to produce ozone, in particular. Near the Earth’s surface, ozone can harm the health of humans and plants; higher in the atmosphere, it’s a potent greenhouse gas; but it still has for him, in the stratosphere, to block the radiation of ultraviolet rays, responsible for cancers.

However, France experienced severe thunderstorms this weekend. Not thousands of lightnings, of course, but enough to produce nitrogen oxides.

– A pollution wave

We saw it this weekend, and we can only notice it since this Monday morning: after hot and humid south-southwest flows which brought powerful and lasting storms over France, a huge front cold, coming from the north-northeast, quickly repelled this hot air to bring its cool temperatures to the south of the Loire.

Which also caused thick mists and fog on Sunday on the English Channel, Cotentin and Brittany (photo below).

In doing so, this strong wind brought with it, and accumulated along the warm edge, the atmosphere loaded with pollution (NO2 and SO2 in particular) which reigned over Great Britain and Northern Europe (Netherlands, Belgium…), especially above the big cities.

Because, it must be said again, the main source of nitrogen oxide pollution is of human origin: it is the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, fuel oil, natural gas). Automobile exhausts, and more particularly diesel vehicles, account for a significant part of atmospheric pollution by NOx. Fermentation of wet grains stored in silos or certain massive agricultural applications are also sources of exposure to these pollutants.

As we can see on the map at the head of the article, the NO2 concentration was particularly high on a diagonal between Lille and Nantes, last night and it should remain so until this evening at least (map above).

Is this phenomenon dangerous?

Yes. And no. As is often the case, it all depends on the quantity of the pollutant considered. In this case, the concentration of NO2 (or NOx) and SO2 in the atmosphere.

The concentrations recorded last night and this morning do not exceed the danger thresholds established by the authorities. Thus, the limit values ​​for Airparif correspond, on an annual average, to 50 µg / m³ for SO2 and 40 µg / m³ for NO2. And the values ​​recorded last night did not seem to have exceeded 50 µg / m³ for NO2.

Anyway, the police headquarters laboratory took samples last night to try to identify the origin of this odor. Results must be known during the day

The phenomenon has apparently been more spectacular than dangerous. Which in no way seeks to exonerate the reality of this pollution.

To conclude, we have therefore witnessed, for the past 24 hours, a combination of factors – natural and human – and pollution – nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide – which have triggered the appearance, on our territory, of this gigantic cloud with a foul odor. Not the conditions dreamed of for a first day of deconfinement.

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A hundred bookstores are trying to deconfinate books

Click and collect“,”pickup“,”drive“: What is happening is so new that we have not yet found a word in French to say it. In any case, the bookstores – closed since March 16 and today in the red like many other local shops – have been opening their doors for a few days to allow you to come and collect your loot from good books.

Please note, orders must most often be placed before your visit (generally via their website or by email) and the opening days and hours are reduced. Check directly with bookstores for more information.

We have identified a hundred, in some 52 cities in France. Take it by storm (not to mention barrier gestures) if you are within the perimeter. Especially since there is not yet a queue like in front of the McDonalds.

Our list is of course not exhaustive. The site “I support my bookstore” (www.jesoutiensmalibrairie.com) is another very comprehensive and extensive resource on this topic.

📍 Paris:

IIe : Little Egypt Bookstore
Ve : The Letters Counter
IXe : The Surveyors | Bubbles in mind
Xe : The Librairie du Canal | Northeast
XIe : La Friche | L’Impromptu Bookstore | Librairie Les Parages | La Maneuver Bookstore | Utopia | The Musardine | New Arrivals Bookstore | The Wind Watchers | Violette & Co
XIIe : Atout Livre | The Magnetic Fields
XIVe : Odessa Bookstore
XVIIe : Bubbles in mind
XVIIIe : LIbrairie des Abbesses – La Régulière
XXe : Le Monte-en-l’air | Le Merle Moqueur | Crew Bookstore | The Word Counter | The Workshop | Urban Gender | Almora

📍 Angers:

Bookstore Contact | Myriagon

📍 Angoulême:

Lilosimages

📍 Arles:

Les Grandes Largeurs Bookstore

📍 Asnières-sur-Seine:

New Bookstore

📍 Autun:

The Promise of Dawn

📍 Auxerre:

Oblique Bookstore

📍 Beaune:

Athenaeum

📍 Bergerac:

The Hill of Books

📍 Besançon:

Mine de Rien Bookstore | The Empedocles Sandals

📍 Bordeaux:

The Librairie des Chartrons

📍 Boulogne Billancourt:

Words and things

📍 Cachan:

Chronicles library

📍 Caen:

In Draft Culture | Full Sky | Eureka Street Bookstore

📍 Cagnes-sur-mer:

The pleiad

📍 Capbreton:

Le Vent Délire Bookstore

📍 Carcassonne:

Words & Company

📍 Charlieu:

The Spiral Notebook

📍 Chartres:

The ampersand

📍 Clamart:

Memory 7

📍 Dijon:

Grangier Bookstore

📍 Dinan:

Le Grenier Bookstore

📍 La Roche-sur-Yon:

Agora Bookstore

📍 Le Mans:

Thuard Bookstore | Doucet Bookstore

📍 Lille:

La Chouette Librairie | No Yume Manga

📍 Lyon:

Ier : Open your eyes | A Little Black
IIe : Descours Bookstore
VIIe : Comics Zone

📍 Marseille:

VIIe : Pantagruel Bookstore

📍 Metz:

Hisler Bookstore | La Cour des grands bookstore | Le Préau | Bookstore Around the world | Carré des Bulles | Dreamland

📍 Montpellier:

Proud letters | The Grain of Words

📍 Montreuil:

Libertalia | Ink Madnesses

📍 Mulhouse:

47 degrees North

📍 Nailloux:

Detours Bookstore

📍 Nantes:

Coiffard Bookstore

📍 Nîmes:

Teissier Bookstore

📍 Orleans:

Modern times

📍 Perpignan:

Torcatis library

📍 Pornic:

L’Encre Bleue Bookstore

📍 Quimper:

Ravy Bookstore

📍 Rennes:

Le Failler Bookstore

📍 Romans-sur-Isère:

Les Cordeliers Bookstore

📍 Rouen:

Tightrope bookstore

📍 Saint-Jean de Luz:

The 5e Art

📍 Saint-Ouen:

Ink Madnesses

📍 Saint-Mandé:

Lyrics library

📍 Sète:

Librairie L’Echappée Belle | The New Sète Bookstore

📍 Strasbourg:

Quai des Brumes | Kléber Bookstore

📍 Toulouse:

The Other Shore

📍 Tournon:

At the bend of words

📍 Tours:

Bedelire

📍 Troyes:

Le Chat de Gouttière | The Bidibul | The little prose seller

📍 Valence:

The Piping Bird

📍 Vertou:

Lise & me

📍 Villefranche-sur-Saône:

The Librairie des Marais


Antonin Iommi-Amunategui

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Coronavirus: the ultras “say no to a premature resumption of football”

“The ultras are the trade unionists of popular football”, explained to Release sports historian Sébastien Louis. In this health crisis, they also seem to be the guarantors of the health of spectators as much as the guardians of temples who only make sense with people in their spans. In a press release published on Monday, about fifty associations of supporters, ultras or not, and supporting around thirty clubs “Say no to a premature resumption of football” : “France has experienced its worst health crisis for several generations. Many people are dying in hospitals more in demand than ever. […] Everywhere, collective interest prevails. “

Under these conditions, they write, “It is urgent to wait. It is not conceivable that football will resume prematurely. It is not possible that it will resume in camera. It will resume in due course when the health and social conditions are met. ” While the season is far from over, the football league has offered to resume L1 and L2 on August 22 and 23. Between the end of the season, the players’ vacations and the preparation, it is difficult to imagine such a scenario possible, except to want to resume quickly and behind closed doors. From Lille to Montpellier, from Brest to Strasbourg, the ultra groups then castigate these “” Thinking heads “of football who quarrel”, “far from these harsh, concrete realities, far from this capillary and anonymous solidarity” symbolized by these caregivers and ultras who decided to participate in the collective effort.

Read also Sports: ten scenarios (more or less eccentric) for the end of the season

Masks and pizzas

Because on the ground, a number of supporters deprived of their passion have decided to mobilize their forces for charitable, social actions or in favor of hospitals. As in Toulouse, where the Tolosa Indians harvested more than 11,000 euros from 500 people to buy coffee, fruit juice, cakes or cookies for the Purpan and Rangueil teaching hospitals. A little further north, the Ultramarines also bring boxes overflowing with food at four Bordeaux hospitals. And, taken in Tenon or La Pitié-Salpêtrière, Massy (Essonne) or Chelles (Seine-et-Marne) – and even as far as Seine-Maritime or in Burgundy – the photos of hospital staff and firefighters are increasing daily, Collectif Ultra Paris scarf in hand and in medical combat uniforms, posing in front of boxes of foodstuffs financed by members or sympathizers of the CUP as well as pizzas offered by restaurateurs and delivered by members of the group.

Even if not all of them are signatories to the press release, all of the associations organize its actions, rooted in their city and in solidarity with their hospital staff. Like the ultra Marseille people who, in addition to the banners hung in the stadium or in the streets in support of the mobilized staff and Professor Didier Raoult, the South Winners distributed some 3,000 protective masks collected from their members for hospitals, the IHU and seafarers.

“Football torn from its roots”

An altruism that does not stop at supporters of elite clubs since those of FC Rouen, resident of National 2 (4e division), also collected 900 euros while the Rouen Fans hung a banner of support in front of the CHU “Strength and honor to our caregivers”.

Read also Coronavirus: European football on the brink of a crash

Even though football clubs have often displayed their support for hospital staff, with money or simple messages, the actions of ultra groups, in terms of their means, contrast with the will of directions giving the impression of wanting resume as soon as possible, so as not to see the windfall of TV rights escape them. Everyone, however, believes that they are defending the best interests of the club: some talking about financial survival, others about spectator health or the ridiculous nature of matches behind closed doors for months. “This football is dying of being torn from its roots and not being able to see more than a fiscal year, a window of transfers or a multi-year contract for television broadcasting. […] [Le football professionnel] must take advantage of this break time to rethink “, explain the associations in their press release. Who conclude: “Football” at all costs “is a football of shame, which will have no future.”

Damien dole

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Vulture funds hover over French football

It’s better to say it: the Coronavirus crisis, which knocks the hexagonal clubs for lack of revenue (TV rights, marketing or ticketing), lack of matches, is an opportunity to seize. A few days ago, Gérard Lopez, president of a Lille OSC which pointed to the 4e place in the L1 championship before the interruption of all competitions, argued for the constitution of a “war chest”. Paradoxical for the leader of the most indebted club in France. Lopez imagined things like this: mandated by his peers, he would grab his briefcase and go to solicit American investment funds – which he knows, since he has already spoken with them in the past as a leader of the LOSC – to be loaned “Between 300 and 500 million euros repayable at 8% [par an] maturing in three to five years “ as he details in the team. What is not the sea to drink: “Three to four million to be reimbursed for each club per year is acceptable.”

Read alsoTV rights: the great maneuvers in French football

Some of the club bosses have strangled themselves: even if the situation is serious and even critical in some cases, putting their finger in this gear frightens a majority of them. Above all, Lopez (and Lille) are in their eyes a Trojan horse: that of the aforementioned American investment funds, sometimes serving as false noses to Chinese capital with a terrible reputation and who set out to conquer French football. Friday, that is to say the day after the day Lopez spoke in the team to put on, if we understand correctly, the costume of the savior, the Financial times claimed that the Luxembourg leader had contracted upon his arrival in 2017 a loan of 140 million from the Elliott vulture fund, which was particularly illustrated by winning famous legal battles against the Argentine or Peruvian states. The fact that Elliott ran the northern club was known, but the Financial times gave an amount much higher than the figures circulating. Amount which, added to interest rates “Two digits” according to the British daily but who “Would be close to 20%” according to a president of Ligue 1, suggests a risk of default greater than expected, that is to say a takeover of Losc by the bottom.

Read alsoCoronavirus: European football on the brink of a crash

Elliott already owns AC Milan, following a process very precisely following the above scenario. If Lopez refused to answer the Financial times, he dismissed this threat, arguing that Lille sells its players well unlike the Lombard club. Except that the transfer market looks sluggish, global crisis obliges. To speculate on non-reimbursable debts, vulture funds are in their role, even if it is somewhat sinister. Floats in the air the idea of ​​a coup de grace, the coronavirus crisis revealing in the (very) short term The frenzy of many leaders, starting with those who spent in advance the 1.2 billion euros annual TV rights to come – at least before the crisis hits. Friday morning, at the office of the Pro League, the president of the FFF Noël Le Graët spoke out against “Funding acrobats”, also a story to mediate against a Lopez that has been going on for a few days. This is his time, or rather that of those he represents. French football is open-hearted.

Grégory Schneider

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May 4, 1949: the Torino team decimated in the plane crash

Every week with RetroNews, the BNF press site, a look back at a history of sport as told by the press at the time. This Saturday, the air disaster that decimated the team of the “Grande Torino”, May 4, 1949.

“The players of the best Italian football team are killed in a plane crash near Turin. The 31 passengers are charred ”, title in one Humanity May 5, 1949. The accident took place in the town of Superga, near Turin. “The plane from Portugal found itself in difficulty near the basilica which stands on a height”, informs the newspaper. The altimeter would then have frozen and the aircraft struck the bell tower of the basilica before crashing to the ground and catching fire.

Torino was the breeding ground for the Italian national team, double reigning world champion (1934, 1938) recalls fight. “Torino, Italian champion for the 1947-1948 season, after a long-standing undecided fight with Milan, was poised to win the title again. Among the victims is the Frenchman Emile Bongiorni, several times selected in the French team, who wore the colors of the Italian club since the start of the 1947-1948 season: he was a player whose ardor and passion had made the popularity. “ Another Frenchman, Roger Grava, died in the accident.

Dawn May 6 provides details of the cause of the accident: “The aircraft could not land on the Turin aerodrome made impassable by the recent rains. The plane then headed for Milan, but its disordered altimeter indicated a height of 2,000 meters when in reality it only flew at 600 meters. The poor visibility did not allow the pilot to see the dome of the Church of Superga which he struck at a speed of 400 km / h “ The newspaper focuses on the personality of the two French players who died in the drama. “Bongiorni,” Milo ” [son surnom, ndlr] hid in his great physical means an innate sense of football. Dangerous shooter, he had no equal to shake up a defense. […] The same size, the same power, Roger Grava also distinguished himself by his strong personality, both physical and moral. In Roubaix, his last club, with which he won the French championship in 1947, his services were unanimously appreciated. ”

“All of Italy is grieving after the tragic end of the Turin football team”, title Tonight May 6, 1949. The newspaper collected the testimony of a former “Milo” Bongiorni teammate at Racing, Ernest Vaast. “He was not just a teammate. He was a friend to me. We started racing together in 1942. And together we played for the national team. […] He had signed a two-year contract with Torino, but I know he was doing everything he could to join us again next season. For him, for his memory, we have one more reason to win Sunday against Lille. “ Far from this emotion, the newspaper delivers sordid details on the identification of bodies: “At the Turin morgue, it is difficult to recognize, in these horribly mutilated corpses, the magnificent athletes who, on the green lawns of the stadiums, made so many football enthusiasts vibrate. Relatives parade endlessly in front of the victims in order to identify them, here recognizing an alliance, there an old scar. ”

In its next day edition, Tonight publishes a full page of photos taken at Superga. They bear witness to the violence of the crash with a wing here, the propeller elsewhere, an engine in the outbuildings of the basilica and the grief of those close to the missing (Ossola’s mother, another player’s brother).


Tonight May 8 announced on the front page that the next day, during the final of the French Cup which will oppose them in Lille, “Racing players will mourn in Colombes their former teammate,” Milo “Bongiorni”. A photo shows two players: “After removing their equipment from the club’s headquarters on rue Ampère, Moreel and Vaast attach the black armband that was given to them by the managers on their jerseys.”

fight May 9 announces that the remains of Emile Bongiorni will be returned to Paris the same day. His former Racing teammates paid him homage by winning 5-2 in the Coupe de France final against Lille.

“Yesterday morning, the Parisian sportsmen went to the Parc des princes to pay a last tribute to Bongiorni and Grava whose bodies were exposed under the presidential tribune transformed into a burning chapel, recounts fight May 13. The Racing players taking turns mounted an honor guard around the body of their unfortunate comrade while players from the Italian US surrounded the remains of Grava. “

Seven months after the disaster, Paris Presse-l’Intransigeant from January 13, 1950 title “Superga is fading. Italy will go to Rio by plane. ” Understand: the national team will fly to Brazil to compete in the World Cup of which it is title holder. The calendar did not leave him any other option says the newspaper, “Highlighting the very short time between the end of the Italian championship (May 23) and the start of the World Cup in the first half of June.” The trauma of the Superga crash has not been erased: “However, it has already been established that the trip will be made in several groups.”

Continuation of the story. The Torino reserve team plays the last four games of the 1948-1949 championship and wins the title before Inter. It is the sixth and final coronation of the Grande Torino, as the best Italian team was nicknamed, national champion in 1928, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1948 and 1949, cup winner in 1936 and 1943 before losing its luster. The Torino is slowly waning, a situation all the more cruel as the big local rival, Juventus, is gaining momentum. The club experienced a revival allowing it to offer itself a new Scudetto in 1976. In the 90s, in the grip of big financial difficulties, it made the elevator between first and second divisions. In recent years, Torino FC has not shone or particularly dark, regularly finishing in the middle of the table. The Derby della Mole is a perfect illustration of the chasm that separates the two teams located on the banks of the Po since the Torino have won against the Old Lady only once since 1995. The saying goes, however, that the club of the inhabitants of Turin remains the Torino when Juventus is that of the rest of Italy.

Since the Superga drama, football has also been regularly marked by air disasters that decimate entire teams. In 1958, eight of the “Busby Babes”, the hypertalentent class of Manchester United trained by Matt Busby, die in the plane crash at Munich airport while returning from Belgrade where they qualified for the Champions Club Cup semi-finals. The Danish team, on July 16, 1960, those of the Bolivian club The Strongest, on September 26, 1969, of Tashkent, on August 11, 1979 also paid a heavy price. On December 8, 1987, 43 people including the 16 players from Alianza Lima, one of the most famous Peruvian clubs, perished after their plane crashed into the sea. In 1993, the entire team from Zambia disappeared in the accident of the military plane which took him to Senegal for the World Cup qualifiers. Last collective disaster to date, that which bereaved the Brazilian club Chapecoense, November 28, 2016: 19 players who were going to play the first leg of the Copa Sudamericana in Colombia die, three survive.

Gilles Dhers

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