Gosvseh – Kommersant newspaper No. 112 (6833) from 06/29/2020

The government decided to basicly depersonalize the new Gostech digital platform for interaction between citizens and business with the state. The Ministry of Communications and Mass Media has eliminated the mention of specific companies from the revised version of the draft resolution on the experimental launch of the platform. That is, Sberbank, which, in fact, was the initiator of the project, and its competitors represented by the VTB and Rostelecom consortium may enter it.

The Ministry of Communications sent for approval to the departments a revised draft resolution on the experiment to create the Gostech digital platform, its discussion will take place on June 29 at a meeting chaired by Deputy Communications Minister Andrei Chernenko, a source familiar with the document told Kommersant.

According to him, the participation in the new version of the project does not spell out the participation of Sberbank and does not specify who will become the platform supplier.

The Ministry of Communications and the Bank declined to comment.

As Kommersant reported on April 18, Sberbank, in fact, was one of the initiators of the creation of Gostekh. VTB, Rostelecom and Russian Post are also interested in participating in the creation of the platform, offering their services in a joint letter to Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin (see Kommersant on June 9). In the previous version of the draft resolution, it was Sberbank that was indicated among the participants in the experiment (see Kommersant, June 15). It is assumed that the platform will provide services for the rental of state property and cadastral registration of real estate, as well as a system for obtaining a digital compulsory medical insurance policy.

Sberbank has a competitive advantage – for example, it has already created its own platform, which will quickly deploy Gostekh services, and Sber ID is already integrated into many services, but specifying the bank as the sole operator creates a non-competitive situation and can lead to even greater influence , says Maxim Nalyutin, head of the Deloitte Financial Services Group.

The most likely competitor to Sberbank, in his opinion, is a partnership between VTB and Rostelecom, which are already working on creating a big data platform. Rostelecom, in addition, has been working on the development of the Gosoblako platform (State Unified Cloud Platform) for several years, and VTB has a large IT integrator Technoserv in its portfolio, the resources and experience of which will allow quickly realizing the complex task, Mr. Nalyutin points out . VTB declined to comment; Rostelecom and Russian Post did not respond to requests.

The Ministry of Communications said earlier that using the Sberbank platform would not require expenditures from the state budget.

If the development will be implemented at the expense of the investor, then he will probably get the opportunity to earn money on operating the system, which as a result can become a profitable commercial project, Maxim Nalyutin believes. It can be direct commissions or indirect income due to more integrated work with the user both within the framework of Gostekh and within the perimeter of the services of the investor himself, he explains.

I would like to hope that the change in the project was the result of not only the competition of state corporations for revenues, but also an understanding of the complexity of developing the platform and the requirements of its openness and widespread adaptation on the market, said Andrei Sholokhov, deputy director of Softline for working with national projects. Choosing a platform from those available on the commercial market is a good solution, but now there are no Russian vendors who can offer a truly competitive application development platform, he is sure that using several existing internal developments of Russian state corporations carries significant risks.

According to Mr. Sholokhov, the initially open platform with a large number of third-party developers, which could actively develop due to a large ecosystem of applications and a wide labor market for developers, would become more commercially correct.

Julia Stepanova, Dmitry Shestoperov


Nornickel could allow new pollution at its enterprise

On the morning of June 28, Novaya Gazeta published a video of how water from a sludge pond of the Talnakh concentration plant (located on the Taimyr Peninsula, part of the Polar Division of Norilsk Nickel) flows into the tundra. In the Krasnoyarsk regional department of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, they stated that there is a risk of runoff entering the Kharaelakh River, which flows into Lake Pyasino, RIA Novosti reports. The regional department of the Investigative Committee confirmed to the agency the fact of water discharge and the beginning of verification of these messages. The head of Rosprirodnadzor Svetlana Radionova wrote on her Instagram that due to heavy rains, the water level in the sludge pond increased and the factory dumped water on the adjacent territory.

“The factory management decided to pump out the clarified (purified. – Vedomosti) technical water to the adjacent territory, thereby flagrantly violating the rules for the operation of tailings. Responsible persons of the factory are suspended from work, an internal investigation has begun. There is no threat of waste leakage (tailings), ”the Norilsk Nickel press service said on Sunday.

Rosprirodnadzor took samples at the site of the spill, their results are not yet ready, therefore it is impossible to talk about the scale, the amount of damage and its existence, a spokesman said.

The Norilsk Nickel’s polar branch, which includes the Talnakh factory, provides for the production of more than 70% copper and more than 30% of the platinum group metals of the company. In 2019, Norilsk Nickel produced 499,000 tons of copper, 2.9 million ounces of palladium and 0.7 million ounces of platinum. The largest shareholders of the company are Vladimir Potanin’s Interros (34.6%) and UC Rusal (27.8%) previously controlled by Oleg Deripaska.

On May 29, a much larger emergency occurred in Norilsk: about 20,000 tons of fuel oil spilled from the tank of the Norilsk Nickel TPP-3. The reason is the subsidence of the concrete site of the tank and its subsequent destruction. As a result of the accident, a huge amount of oil products poisoned the soil and fell into water bodies located near the CHPP – two rivers and a lake, providing water to local residents. Potanin at a video conference with Putin promised to eliminate the consequences of the accident at the expense of the company, spending about 10 billion rubles on this. By June 19, Norilsk Nickel had already invested 5 billion rubles. in response to the spill. In addition, Norilsk Nickel promised to send an additional 2.5 billion rubles this year. to check their other facilities, and in the next – another 11 billion. Potanin, because of the accident, even proposed to refuse further payment of dividends in 2020, and limit the total dividends for the year to $ 1 billion.

Spillage of recycled water at the tailings pond is a typical accident for mining enterprises, many factories make such violations on a daily basis, says ACRA analyst Maxim Khudalov. The increased interest in the situation is associated with the recent serious accident at the CHPP, he notes. The consequences and the cost of their liquidation are not comparable; liquidation of an emergency at a concentration plant is unlikely to exceed 30 million rubles, Khudalov estimates. The fine for violations of water circulation will be insignificant – not more than 1 million rubles. “Fines for environmental violations for industrial companies are generally ridiculous: in 2019, 975 million rubles were raised. such fines, this is several times less than the drivers of Moscow paid for violating the speed limit, ”says Khudalov. The fine for the spill of fuel oil on May 29 has not yet been determined.

“Draining water is, of course, not a major accident. But now investors are watching even more closely how Norilsk Nickel is solving environmental issues. In these conditions, even such trifles interest the investment community and can negatively affect the investment attractiveness of the company, ”said Irina Alizarovskaya, analyst at Raiffeisenbank.


Consumption: Confesercenti, in 6 months -1.900 euro, Phase3 is not enough – Economy

The restart is not enough to recover the consumption lost for the coronavirus emergency. Despite the reopening of businesses from May, the balance sheet for the first six months of the year still remains strongly negative, with an average drop in expenditure estimated at -1,879 euros per family.
This is what emerges from the calculations conducted by Confesercenti.
The drop in spending is mainly due to the stop of activities during the acute phase of the pandemic, but also to the prudence shown by families in the recovery period. If before the crisis the average saving was 8 euros per 100, now we have reached 11, with a consequent increase in savings: in 2020 the Italians accumulated 32 billion more bank deposits (+ 20%) than in 2019, driven from the situation of uncertainty.