“The population affected by Covid-19 would actually be larger than that estimated”

– The Ministry of Health published, on September 17, the first study on the extent of the spread of the virus within the Moroccan population (seroprevalence). What’s your comment ?
– The results, useful in themselves, were unfortunately given “raw” without carrying out a mathematical extrapolation, the only one capable of providing a realistic estimate. Current serological tests indeed underestimate the real number of people affected. The survey by the supervisory ministry, carried out between March and August, on a sample of 85,000 blood donors, shows that 0.7% of them have been in contact with the virus. It focused on research in these donors of biological substances responsible by our body to fight against Covid-19, called “antibodies”, and more precisely on a particular category of these: IgG

As in every epidemiological study, difficulties appear. Which ones do you see in this one?
– The difficulty, which is considerable, is that a large part of infected subjects do not contain IgG antibodies in their blood at the time of the blood sample. The latter are in fact really detectable by serological tests only from the 14th day following contamination, and gradually decrease to remain present for an average of 40 days. We also know that these IgG antibodies do not always appear, or disappear quickly in many infected people, said to be asymptomatic, who do not develop the disease. We cannot therefore be satisfied with the results of this study.

– What do you think needs to be done to achieve more precise results?
– The IgG antibody must be modeled. From the calculation of the probabilities, it is necessary to evaluate the proportion of the number of people likely to be deprived of IgG at the time of a sample. Possibly, it is necessary to cross-reference with the published figures of the other test for the detection of the virus, the PCR. It is only from this preliminary work that we can obtain a rough estimate of the level of spread of the infection among the Moroccan population.

– Is Morocco the only country to encounter such difficulties?
– It is true that this calculation is not easy, and developed countries are also struggling to obtain satisfactory figures on this subject from only current serological tests. Thus, in France, the Scientific Council of this country had “estimated”, in an opinion published on July 27, the share of the population concerned at 4.4%. This from a body of evidence, without any in-depth study having been able to corroborate this assertion. In another study from the British Medical Journal, joining other studies, we show that we underestimate the proportion of the population already facing the Coronavirus. According to the authors, this is primarily because current antibody tests cannot identify people who had mild infections. And then because another antibody, IgA, would seem “more relevant in Covid-19, especially in asymptomatic people”.

– So IgA remains the right antibody to detect in this kind of study?
– The advantage of IgA antibodies lies in the fact that they are detectable in serum, saliva or breast milk, that they are also present earlier and persist longer than IgG. A Luxembourg study, published in the journal MedRxiv, confirms these assertions by showing that 11% of the 1,862 people sampled have IgA antibodies, against only 1.9% for IgG antibodies. If we transpose this last result to the case of Morocco, the share of the affected population would thus currently be 4.2% (a school hypothesis only, to be validated by an exhaustive study!). In total, in any case, the population affected by Covid-19 would actually be much larger than estimated in most countries, including Morocco.


Marie-Mai launches an ethical and local collection with Rose Buddha

Marie-Mai launches a collection in collaboration with Rose Buddha, the Montreal label that has distinguished itself by its creations made from recycled plastic and made locally.

The collection therefore includes a leggings made from 80% recycled plastic bottles (10 bottles per pant), an organic cotton tank top and hoodie, an organic bamboo leggings and a bomber jacket made of recycled polyester.

“I love the values ​​that Rose Buddha conveys. I believe that it is essential that we change the way we consume. In addition to being eco-friendly, their clothes are made here. We must choose to encourage creators and the economy here, ”explains Marie-Mai in a press release.

The items in the .soi online store, like the Rose Buddha clothing, are handmade in Quebec.


As an announcement, Gigi Hadid and Zayn Malik unveil the first photos of their daughter

Gigi Hadid and Zayn Malik announced the arrival of their baby on Thursday, September 24 by unveiling the first pictures on social networks. An expected arrival, after several rumors about the date of the model’s delivery.

Some photos of intertwined hands on social networks as an announcement for the star couple. Gigi Hadid and Zayn Malik announced Thursday, September 24 the birth of their daughter. “Our baby is here, healthy and beautiful,” the 27-year-old singer said in the caption of the photo, in which the infant’s tiny hand grips the young dad’s tattooed fingers. “Trying to put words into what I’m feeling right now would be an impossible task. The love I feel for this little human being is beyond my comprehension. I’m grateful to know her, proud to be able to call her mine and full of gratitude for the life you are going to have together. ”


What course for Morocco in the face of a torn America?

Democratic candidate in the 59th presidential election, Joe Biden, is ahead of incumbent Republican President Donald Trump, the Western mainstream media has repeatedly told the Western mainstream media, in the barely concealed hope that this is a self-fulfilling prophecy.

The figures for the past week do put Biden in the lead, with some 50% of the voting intentions. But Trump is not far off, at 42%, and the first of three debates to oppose the two men is for September 29. Old Joe and the terrible Harris.

In the Democratic camp, we are already trembling at the idea of ​​a face-to-face between a Joe Biden physically diminished by age, 78, who is also said to be a little bit senile, and the beast of the stage who is Trump, despite his 74 years.

In the Republican camp, we made hot throats of a slip (revealing?) Of Joe Biden’s running mate, the Afro-Indo-American Kamala Harris, when, during a meeting, she spoke of a “Harris Administration”, before subsequently making up for it by referring to a “Biden-Harris Administration”.

Although the Democrats’ “Black Lives Matter” maneuver in choosing Harris as the vice-presidential candidate may seem most appropriate given the current “racial” crisis in the United States, the former attorney general of California, known for its “Republican” severity, has sent so many African-Americans to prison that it is surely not in this state that it will massively attract the votes of the black community.

The mail bomb envelope

All this would only be a political spectacle, in the pure American tradition, if it were not for the SARS-Cov2 virus which invited itself to the party to wreak even more havoc in a country already plagued by race riots, since the African-American offender Georges Floyd dies under pressure on his neck from the knee of a Minneapolis police officer (a technique learned from the Israelis).

In addition to the explosion of unemployment and poverty, which now politically benefits sovereignist conservatives more than globalist liberals, the Covid-19 pandemic will lead some 40% of voters, according to estimates, to vote by post, opening the gate of hell.

This formula, defended by the Democrats and rejected by the Republicans, poses as much the question of the credibility of the vote as of the time necessary for the counting of the votes thus expressed. It would take weeks, or even months, to open all the envelopes.

While the Trumpists, who do not seem to fear the Covid-19 as we can see during the electoral meetings, will not fail to go en masse to the polls on polling day to vote for “law and order” . Given their political culture, it will be difficult to explain to them that their favorite candidate could not proclaim his victory on election night, because there are still all the postal ballots to consider.

Preparation for contesting the results

The weapons are also sharpened in the democratic camp, where one prepares to deny to the outgoing president the right to proclaim himself winner before the final count of the postal votes. To do this, around 100 former senior federal officials, academics and journalists created the “Transition Integrity Project”. They are worried about Trump’s possible refusal to transfer power, on the assumption (which remains to be verified) that he will lose the election. Hillary Clinton was even very clear on this subject: “Joe Biden must not concede”! It feels like a republic in Eastern Europe.

Obviously, the riots and destruction suffered by cities across the United States during this hot summer of 2020 are just a taste of what awaits Americans. Black Lives Matter and Antifa activists are specialists in the strategy of chaos. The supporters of Trump are rather adept at guns and direct confrontation …

The best thing is that after the suspicions of Russian interference in the 2016 elections, there is a hint of Chinese interference. One of the founders of Black Lives Matter, Alicia Garza, heads a group, “Black Futures Lab”, which would receive funding from a Chinese company linked to the Communist Party in Beijing … The Chinese would therefore have succeeded in exporting to the United States even their cultural revolution. Mao Tse-tung must be laughing in his grave.

That Rome burns because Nero set it on fire is the Romans’ problem, but when the American Empire begins to falter because of its flawed foundations, the earthquakes thus caused will not spare any place on the planet. let alone the allied countries.

Anticipate the unpredictable

Since that famous December 20, 1777, the date on which Sultan Mohammed Ben Abdellah recognized the independence of the United States, Morocco has always maintained special relations with this country. It was first of all the kingdom which ensured the protection of the American fleet in the eastern waters of the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean, before it was the Americans who brought their support to Morocco in the defense of its territorial integrity. And during the last decades, the main concern of Rabat was to see in Washington a president who will not procrastinate on his support for the first cause of the Moroccans. By emphasizing that the United States has not formally recognized the Moroccan character of the Sahara.

What does contested American executive power and the loss of power that such a situation would inevitably result in on the international scene mean for Morocco? Morocco is located in the geopolitical zone of influence of Europe, which itself depends on the American superpower. However, the European elites, stunned by Brexit, seem totally helpless in the face of the prospect of disunited States of America. No one expected the Soviet Union to implode either, even if all the ingredients were there.

What is certain is that as long as the United States has other fish to fry, no special representative of the United Nations Secretary General for the Sahara is ready to be appointed. A respite that Morocco must make the best use of to promote and advance its project of advanced autonomy.


“Little Parisian actress of m ** de”: Karin Viard recounts the most trying shoot of her career

In promotion for his latest film Appearances, released Wednesday September 23, the actress of 54 years confided in the site Konbini on the psychological violence she suffered from director Patrick Grandperret in 1996.

Languages ​​have not finished loosen up on movie sets. Thus, after more than thirty years of career, including two Caesar, Karin Viard no longer wants to silence the names of the abusive men she suffered when she was younger. During an interview with the media Konbini, Wednesday September 23, on the sidelines of the promotion of his latest film Appearances, the one who defines herself as someone “very cash in the life” tells the shooting of Victims (released in theaters in 1996). And the way he turned to psychological harassment from the director Patrick Grandperret, died last year.

In video, “The Appearances”, the trailer

“Frankly it was very hard”

“There is a film that was very, very trying because I was treated very badly; so suddenly it was very trying, reports the actress of 54 years. It was The victims by Patrick Grandperret. I was a young actress, I was lost in Ouarzazate in the Moroccan desert and the director hated me and tortured me psychologically on a daily basis. ” One of his attacks marked her deeply: “‘So what is she going to do to us with this little Parisian actress of m ** de?” “, She remembers. Before adding, pursing his lips: “It was hard, frankly it was very hard.”


Luis Rubiales re-elected head of the Spanish football federation

Sole candidate, Luis Rubiales was reelected on Monday as president of the Royal Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) for a four-year term.
Rubiales received 95 votes in favor, no votes against, and ten blank votes.
Rubiales took over the Spanish Football Federation in May 2018, replacing Angel Villar.
He will be at the head of the Spanish federation for the Euro and the Tokyo Olympics, postponed to the summer of 2021, as well as for the World Cup in Qatar in 2022.
It will also aim to obtain the organization of the World-2030 in collaboration with Portugal, for which Spain is a candidate.
Rubiales has benefited from the withdrawal of the candidacy of the former goalkeeper and legend of Real Madrid and the Spanish side Iker Casillas.


Paul Pogba’s new lifestyle collection unveiled – fashion

This seventh line flocked with the “PP” logo includes a clothing line and two pairs of crampons. In contract with Adidas since 2016, Paul Pogba launched his first collection in collaboration with the brand with the three stripes in January 2017 in Paris. He is the only Adidas team player to have his own line in his name.

Paul Pogba X Adidas Collection (Adidas)


Kim Kardashian could divorce Kanye West over her stance on abortion

Married since 2014, the businesswoman and the rapper have been going through a relationship crisis since the latter spoke in public about his positions on abortion. Kim Kardashian is now reportedly considering divorce from singer, revealed Page Six, Sunday September 20.

“She planned the whole divorce (…)”, an anonymous source told the magazine. Page Six, Sunday September 20. Kim Kardashian would consider leaving Kanye West, with whom she has been married since 2014. At the origin of this change, the bipolar disorder of the 43-year-old rapper and his public stance on abortion, which would have dealt the final blow to their union. After declaring himself a candidate for the US presidential election, the singer had indeed revealed during one of his campaign meetings that his wife had almost aborted their daughter North West. “I almost killed my daughter!” He said, sobbing, in July.

Read also “ Kim Kardashian is said to be “broken” by Kanye West’s outbursts

Kanye West’s apology

He had also written in tweets – since deleted – that Kim Kardashian wanted to have him interned, that he was considering divorce and that she was a “white supremacist”. At the end of July, the businesswoman defended the rapper in an Instagram story, calling for kindness to the latter, in the middle of a manic episode of his mental illness. “As many of you know, Kanye suffers from bipolar disorder,” she wrote. Anyone who has it or loves someone who has it knows how incredibly complicated and painful it is to understand it. “


Benjamin Biolay: “My green gesture? The education of my daughters”

Actor in Appearances, a film by Marc Fitoussi, Benjamin Biolay is about to return to the stage with his album Grand Prize.

Madame Figaro. – What attracted you about Appearances (released on September 23)?
Benjamin Biolay . – Play with Karin Viard was almost a sufficient driving force, but I also really liked this scenario about the pretense, the lie. It was also a real pleasure to play this infrequent and nonetheless realistic expatriate couple.

Back to school announces your tour (from October 28) with your latest album Grand Prize
The public is there and I really care about this tour. If all the artists retract, we will not get out, especially my associates, technicians and musicians, who have stopped for months and need to work.

The main trait of your character?
The determination.

The one you’re the least proud of?
I’m anxious.

Your anti-stress thing?
Think about my children or a place where I feel good.

Your green gesture?
The education of my daughters, even if the eldest is already more specialized than me on the question.

Your currency ?
Hone who thinks badly about it.

In video, “The Appearances”, the trailer

What would you take with you on a desert island?
My soul mate, if there is ever one.

The three basics of your wardrobe?
Boots, the only vestige of my Beatlemania, jeans and jackets Hedi Slimane.

Casting for an ideal dinner at your place?
Marilyn Monroe, John Lennon and François Mitterrand.

What gift do you often give?
Mobilis in Mobile, of The Louis’ Trio Affair. I worked with them, Hubert Mounier was my best friend. This album is his masterpiece. A record of rare depth and beauty, far from the “funny” image one can have of it.

Music in your life?
Stevie Wonder. He crossed the finish line in front of everyone and did me a lot of good.

The book that accompanies you?
The Conjuration of Fools, de John Kennedy Toole.

A meeting that marked you?
Jean Marais, on the Pont de la Pêcherie, in Lyon. I was 16 or 17. It was like a scene from a movie, this very handsome man with a big scarf, in the mist… We talked about everything, nothing, a few minutes.

Your favorite TV series?
Friends. If it doesn’t go, one episode and it starts again.

A city that looks like you?
Buenos Aires, for this general mess. A city and a country of dribblers, where nothing is easily obtained.

Your Proust madeleine?
The Formula 1 Grand Prix I watched with my godfather and my uncle and mentor Robert. I recently met the ex-pilot Jacques Laffite: I almost cried.

The editorial team advises you


Where do Moroccans shop?

The Mass Distribution (GD) sector has changed the daily life of Moroccans, but the frequencies and reasons for frequentation are not always the same. This mainly depends on the characteristics of households in terms of income, but also on the nature of the products purchased (food products, maintenance and cleaning products, drinks, etc.). This is, in any case, the main conclusion drawn from a survey published on September 16 by the research firm Sunergia on the preferences of Moroccans with regard to Large and Medium Surfaces (GMS). A survey which focuses this time on the preferences of Internet users and not on the general population as was the case in the previous survey on mass distribution carried out in 2018.

It emerges, first of all, that 33% of Moroccans attend supermarkets at least once a week. This proportion is 43% in Casablanca where purchasing power is higher.

In contrast, 25% rarely or never go there, mostly low-income people.

Purchasing power vs frequentation of supermarkets

Another result from this survey, conducted among 1,024 people, is that the frequentation of supermarkets is directly correlated with purchasing power.

The majority of Moroccans frequenting supermarkets and supermarkets are part of an affluent socio-professional category (middle class and over) residing in the urban environment. Indeed, 53% of Moroccans receiving a monthly salary of more than 20,000 DH are those who do their shopping in supermarkets, while only 27% who receive a salary less than 6,000 DH go there.

For those who do not frequent these stores, or rarely frequent them, they turn to traditional circuits. On this subject, the survey reveals that 40% of followers of the traditional circuit shop at supermarkets once every 4 months. These followers are more young single women, customers of the neighborhood grocery store, who earn less than Dhs 6,000 and who live in all regions of the country.

As for occasional visitors, they rarely frequent supermarkets (once a month or more rarely), but 29% frequent the Turkish chain BIM.

What about the most frequented supermarket?

The Sunergia survey shows, moreover, that Marjane, the leading retailer, seems to hold a very special place in Moroccan consumption habits in the hypermarket category (45% go there most often to do their shopping. courses), followed by BIM, then by the French brand Carrefour in 3rd position.

Neighborhood grocery stores

Asked about their preferences in terms of product category, 6 out of 10 Moroccans prefer to go to neighborhood grocery stores to shop for water and drinks, and a third prefer to buy in large retail chains.

Regarding dairy products, 56% of respondents prefer to get them from the local grocer, while 37% buy them in supermarkets and medium-sized stores. Maintenance and cleaning products are also purchased in neighborhood grocery stores by 40% of Internet users, against 30% who buy them in supermarkets and 19% in medium-sized stores.

The survey also shows that 53% of respondents prefer to go to markets to shop for fruit and vegetables, 22% in neighborhood grocery stores and 11% in specialty stores. For their meat and fish purchases, 35% prefer the market, 30% specialty stores and 20% neighborhood grocery stores.

To conclude, the survey shows that the food e-commerce sector, although the Covid-19 crisis has accelerated digital transformation in all sectors, is still timid in the face of traditional commerce and in the face of large retailers. .

The players in this sector will have to increase their efforts to encourage Moroccans to move towards this new mode of consumption, the study recommends.