The PureTech 130 engine uses innovative, efficient and economic technologies. It has a new generation, high performance turbocharger (240,000 rpm) and a high pressure direct injection in the central position (200 bar). With a low level of emissions and consumption as hallmarks, this mechanic stands out for offering driving pleasure and flexibility that contribute to the versatility of this SUV, which feels comfortable both on a forest track and in the most exclusive areas from the city center.
The high performance of this turbocharged gasoline engine, which develops 130 hp, with a maximum torque of 230 Nm at 1,750 rpm, is combined with consumption levels and emissions that make the difference in the segment: 5 l / 100 km and 114 g / km of CO2, according to the protocol of NEDC approval. Its 8-speed automatic gearbox stands out for its ride comfort, with a fast and fluid passage between the different relationships.
The automobile industry has launched a cry for help to the European Union. With practically all of the continent’s vehicle manufacturing plants closed, most of their employees unemployed or subjected to temporary unemployment regimes and sunk demand, the main industry associations in the sector are demanding a moratorium on the European Union. demanding emission targets that came into effect in January this year, and which could represent large fines for the sector from next year.
In a joint letter, the presidents of the Association of European Automobile Builders (ACEA), Mike Manley; from the European Automobile Components Association (Clepa), Thorsten Muschal; from the European Association of Tire and Rubber Manufacturers (Etrma), Franco Annunziato, and from the Committee on Trade and Vehicle Repair (Cecra), Jean-Charles Herrenschmidt, explain to the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen that under current conditions “no production, development, testing or homologation work (of vehicles or components) is being carried out”.
“This disrupts the plans that we had drawn up to prepare ourselves to comply with the existing and future regulations of the European Union within the deadlines established in those regulations,” explain the representatives of the sector. “Therefore, we believe that an adjustment should be made to the terms of these regulations.” Despite this request, the sector insists that it is not its intention “to question the legislation or to lower its objectives regarding road safety, climate change and protection of the environment.”
Since January, the average emissions of new vehicles it must not exceed 95 grams of CO2 per kilometer, a goal far from that registered in 2019, when 118 were reached. This year it already affects 95% less polluting of vehicles sold; and it will reach 100% in 2021. Who exceeds it will have to face a sanction of 95 euros per gram and kilometer exceeded, which would translate, with the 2019 data in hand -when 1,258,260 cars were sold-, up to 2,750 million for its sales in Spain. At European level, the estimate ranges from 12,000 million that Moody’s calculates to 34,000 that the consultancy JATO foresees.
The new limit is equivalent, in consumption (a variable closely linked to emissions) to 4.1 l / 100 km of gasoline or 3.6 l / 100 km of diesel, not for a specific vehicle but for the average of all those sold by each automobile group. It is, therefore, an average calculation, since the objective for each company is established based on the average mass of the vehicles it markets (95 g / km is an average figure, calculated on the theoretical basis that all cars that a manufacturer sold would weigh 1,379.88 kg).
The legislation is intended to incentivize sales of zero and very low emission models, that is, plug-in hybrids and electrics, which would offset excessive emissions from conventional models. For example, an electric car counts as two vehicles in 2020, 1.67 in 2021 and 1.33 in 2022, depending on the correction factor introduced by the European Union. But it will also be necessary to sell diesel models, which emit less CO2 than gasoline cars, the great beneficiaries of the uncertainty unleashed in recent months.
Although the investments for the development of electric and hybrid models have already been made, and many models are already on the market, in a scenario of uncertainty such as the current one, it is difficult to think that buyers will bet massively on electric models, they fear in the future. sector. Your price, for now, is greater than that of its combustion counterparts, and its benefits, especially autonomy, minors.
All this implies significant development costs for manufacturers, who already warn, in the aforementioned letter, that “without new income many companies will face major liquidity problems in the short and medium term”. Although the situation varies, “many companies could be in trouble in a matter of weeks,” they warn.
In a letter to his employees, the president of PSA (Peugeot, Opel, Citroën, DS) warns on Wednesday that a company of his size «can’t resist long with almost complete absence of income»Because of the stoppage in production and sales that has occurred with the confinement measures for the coronavirus, which have caused« an extremely violent and brutal shock for all of us ». “We must prepare to return to business,” explained Tavares, also former president of ACEA, “ensuring a permanent flow of deliveries of our stocks to customers waiting for their vehicle and suspending all possible expenses, always respecting our associates.”
The illiquidity It is precisely the most immediate problem facing the sector. On Wednesday, the rating agency Moody’s downgraded the rating of the car company BMW from ‘A1’ to ‘A2’, keeping it investment grade, while placing manufacturers Daimler, Jaguar Land Rover, PSA Group, Renault, Volkswagen, Volvo Cars and McLaren in a downgrade review position for the coronavirus outbreak. “The automotive sector has been one of the sectors most affected by the ‘shock’, given its sensitivity to demand and the consumer situation,” he stressed.
The National Association of Vehicle Manufacturers (Anfac), predicts that this March there will be a reduction in production of between 50 and 60%. Approximately 157,000 vehicles will be discontinued. On the other hand, the consulting firm MSI estimates that passenger car sales will decrease 29.3% in 2020 in Spain, with just 883,000 units. By channels, companies and rental companies would buy 38.7% and 35.1% less; and individuals 26.3% less, just 439,000 units.
In their letter, the European employers insist that “there is no doubt that the impact on our sector (of the coronavirus) is unprecedented. Both the production and sale of vehicles and components have suffered a sudden halt in Europe and other regions. Most of our employees are technically unemployed or working from home when possible. No one knows for how long. We have never experienced anything like this.
“For a capital intensive industry like ours, the implications are dire. Companies require constant refinancing for their operations. That is a great challenge in a situation like the current one, ”continues the letter, which thanks the Commission for the measures it has already taken, such as the relief to the states through the clause of the Stability Pact and the proposal to inject 37,000 million euros through cohesion funds, but he asks that he make sure that liquidity ends up reaching companies, both large and small.
The car employs, directly and indirectly, about 13.8 million people in the European Union. This represents 6.1% of the active community population; and generates a trade surplus of 84.4 billion euros.
A matter of time and duration
However, it will not be easy for manufacturers to achieve their goal. It is not even certain that there will be unanimity in the request to Brussels, since last week both BMW and the Volkswagen group assured, in their respective results conferences, that it was not necessary. Also Porsche, with the nuance that a two or three week break is not the same that if it lasted for two or three months. “If the crisis lasts until summer we will have to discuss it, this is clear. It is not realistic to have limitations that later cannot be met, “explained Lutz Meschke, number two of Porsche and head of Finance, in a virtual round table in which ABC participated.
Julia Poliscanova, responsible for clean vehicles and electric mobility of the environmental federation Transport & Environment, asks that the community CO2 objectives not be relaxed. The targets, agreed in 2008, are an average for the fleet. A drop in vehicle sales does not automatically affect compliance, “he muses. Second, electric car sales have set records in Europe in the first two months of 2020. We expect demand for electric cars to remain strong. And third, most electric cars to comply with the regulation are not yet in production. If factory shutdowns are short-lived, electric vehicle production should not be affected.
“Finally, although a recession is bad news for manufacturers and employment benefits, it does not have to imply an increase in emissions from new cars. In 2009, amid the financial crisis, emissions fell 5.1%, a record. That was because smaller, less powerful cars were sold, with generous incentives for scrapping old vehicles. An increase in sales of this type of smaller car would also help now. And there are already affordable electric models on the market. “
In another reflection, published on March 20, Hans Bruyninckx, director of the European Environment Agency, admitted that the expansion of the coronavirus “supposes an unprecedented crisis of public health”. Although it recognizes that “it can have a strong impact on production and consumption, and on mobility – which the agency will evaluate – (…) without a transformation in the way we produce and consume, any reduction in emissions is likely make it short-lived. Europe aims to achieve climate neutrality through gradual and irreversible emission reductions, setting long-term goals to build a resilient economy. This current crisis shows why we also need the transition to be fair, offering new opportunities and support to those most affected. ”
The European car industry has asked the European Commission for an “adjustment” in the deadlines for the implementation of the new emission regulations due to the health and economic crisis that is causing the coronavirus outbreak.[[Check the letter here, in English].
In a letter to the President of the Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, the presidents of the Association of European Automobile Builders (ACEA), Mike Manley; from the European Automobile Components Association (Clepa), Thorsten Muschal; from the European Association of Tire and Rubber Manufacturers (Etrma), Franco Annunziato, and the Committee on Trade and Vehicle Repair (Cecra), Jean-Charles Herrenschmidt, have regretted that, due to the paralysis of the industry, other activities in the sector “suffer”.
“No production, development, testing or approval activities are being carried out at this time. This disrupts the plans that we had carried out to prepare ourselves to comply with existing and future laws and regulations of the European Union within the established deadlines ”, they have indicated.
For all these reasons, they have requested a moratorium on the application of the new emission regulations, although they have indicated that they do not intend to question the laws “or their objectives in road safety, mitigation of climate change and protection of the environment.”
The new European regulation on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions came into effect on January 1, 2020 for light vehicles, and forces manufacturers to ensure that the average of their cars sold in the region this year does not generate more than 95 grams. of CO2 per kilometer traveled if they want to avoid fines of 95 euros per gram exceeded.
On the other hand, from the European associations of manufacturers, suppliers, distributors and tire producers have stressed that the consequences of the coronavirus crisis in the sector will be “very severe”, for which they have thanked the Commission for the different measures taken to carried out by the European Union (EU) to provide liquidity to companies.
From the automotive sector they have insisted on the need to look to the future and plan the different measures that must be taken after the outbreak of the virus subsides, so coordination will be “indispensable” to revive the economy.
Everyone has their own style. There are parents who are more classic, others are more Racing, there are also very stylish, there are also the most risky … But everyone celebrates their Father’s Day on March 19. Therefore, we propose some ideas for fans of the motor world.
London Man Limited Edition Jacket (By City)
Made of waxed cotton fabric and 100% waterproof and breathable Hypora membrane. It incorporates a removable inner lining 2 in 1 and contains 10 exterior pockets and two interior. Safety and style comes first. It is the perfect companion to go comfortable and fashionable on the bike and in turn be protected with the protections it incorporates. RRP: 236, 99.-euros.
A model that Superslot has recreated at 1:32 scale, with a spectacular and exclusive decoration, to the delight of slot fans.
PRICE of: 45.90 euros.
SW38 Bag (SHAD)
A 35-liter rear bag that can become a comfortable backpack to carry thanks to its padded and lightweight shoulder straps. It has an external pocket and the Molle system, which allows you to add additional cargo on top of the bag.
100% Garibaldi Warmal lined gloves. It incorporates an elastic knitted cuff. They are comfortable and sporty are ideal for winter. Gloves that insulate hands from cold and moisture, offering a perfect grip. They are made in Nyspan, Chamude and Microfiber. Warmal® SPF3 100 g thermal insulator. Waterproof, breathable and windproof Hypora membrane.
With shell of thermoplastic material, made in two sizes, with an attractive design and chin guard, in the center, with a large air intake and a comfortable opening button.
Designed for those who use the motorcycle every day to go to work, and for long trips. It has a large visor with anti scratch treatment, combined with a sun visor that can be easily operated even with gloves on, thanks to the handy cursor located on the left side. The interior, in antiallergic and breathable material, can be removed and washed. A micro adjustable strap with steel hook has been used for the closure. PRICE: 159.95.- €.
Digital ignition kit with internal rotor for VESPA 50 Special and 125 Primavera ET3 cone 20. The ignition includes: central stand, stator, rotor, coil with CDI in which the electronic advance ignition map has already been included. The configuration is very simple and allows the mechanical regulation of the advance. The ignition with internal rotor and variable feed can be mounted on engines that reach 20,000 revolutions.
The Polini kit is the most advanced electronic technology concentrate designed for circuit competitions. The electric system of the scooter is deactivated. In the kit there is a progress chart for the best set-up. The increase in power at all engine speeds is assured. Price (RRP): 482.79.-euros
Women have marked the evolution of the automobile world. The rear-view mirror, turn signals or road lines are innovations with a female seal. Its role has been key in the past, but it will be even more so in the future, on the road to electric mobility, shared and connected. On the one hand, as users. Several studies suggest that, due to their interests and driving habits, they will be decisive in the market for electric cars and carsharing. But also as architects. For example, in Seat, three women lead the development of areas as vital for the future as connectivity, voice assistants and cybersecurity.
With only 27 years, Anna Homs thought the voice assistants that we will use in 2030. He leads a team with professionals from China, the United States and Germany who study user needs and think about ten-year concepts. «Voice assistants are going to be a key piece in the future of mobility, as it is a simple and comfortable form of communication that is increasingly imposed at home, with the mobile and, of course, in the car», assures Homs, engineer of Seat and maximum person in charge of this project in Volkswagen Group Innovation. For this industrial engineer, the exciting thing about the automotive industry is the disruption she is experiencing right now. “We are at a crucial moment, with many changes and challenges and I think it is essential to get involved to do it your way,” he says.
Connectivity is a central element in the mobility of the present and tomorrow. For the head of Digital Products at Seat, Paqui Lizana, the main objective of her work is to make something increasingly complex easy. «In a fully connected ecosystem, we will proactively propose to the user the best way to move at any moment, whether by car, motorcycle … Within this future, digital products will be key to give you the experience that wants and to be taken from one vehicle to another, ”he explains. She, also an engineer, but of telecommunications, agrees with Anna Homs on the importance of the moment. «My passion is to generate changes. I think that we can contribute something very valuable, the key to innovation is diversity, ”he says. At 37, he has seen how the number of women has been “in crescendo” in the engineering sector. In countries like the United Kingdom, the number of female engineers has doubled in five years, reaching 58,000 in 2018, according to the STEM Women association. To make the technical studies and the automobile sector more attractive among students, Seat has begun to collaborate with the UPC (Polytechnic University of Catalonia) in its STEM program. This initiative wants to promote technical vocations among girls from 9 to 12 years old, the age at which their professional preferences are considered.
For that future of connected mobility to be secure, the role of Mareike Gross is fundamental. In the Seat Development Department, he directs the Electrical Systems, Package and Cybersecurity team. “We are working very hard on the digital protection of the car, so that it is safe from hypothetical attacks,” Gross explains. Although he graduated in Economics, his career has always been linked to the automotive industry. He grew up near Stuttgart (Germany), the city that lives by and for the car. «When I arrived at Seat, I was glad to see the number of women working in development. I really think it is important that we are here, because we must design a mobility that takes into account different interests and needs, a mobility for all, ”says Gross. It is because of these interests and needs that women will revolutionize electric car sales, according to a study by the universities of Sussex, in England, and Aarhus, in Denmark. They give more priority to safety and ease of use, take into account costs and greater ecological awareness.
Barcelona has become an urban campus of entrepreneurship. One of the main culprits of this transformation has been Barcelona Tech City, a non-profit association created by entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs. Its president, Miguel Vicente, recalls that the project has simply put the pieces of the ecosystem together – “by vertical sectors and with specific spaces,” he says – in order to create the magic of innovation. The disruption is not entirely new in the Catalan capital, because in the last two decades it has raised its flag as a hallmark. “The fabric already existed. With the technological revolution, simply, SMEs are called startups and entrepreneurial entrepreneurs, ”he says.
Within this almost endemic world with which Barcelona lives, apps They have become a technology that is practically transversal to all sectors. In Vicente’s words, the ambition of his projects and the ability to attract talent responds to this capacity for ubiquity that they have if we talk about technology. Even so, their growth potential differs depending on the area in which they focus their efforts. “The proptech, the insurance, the fintech and health are the businesses in which an application has more growth potential and shake the market, ”he says. The example he puts on the table of this reality is Medictor, a app which employs artificial intelligence to identify the ailments of the user.
Vicente also does not want to forget other areas in which they have a promising future. The integration with the internet of things and industry must be taken into account for those entrepreneurs passionate about applications. “There is a tremendous revolution around these two fields. I think the next big technology adoption will be precisely in the industry, ”ditch. Aware that the technological era is not going to stop, the president of Barcelona Tech City only expects more and more growth of the entire ecosystem. You do not have the precise recipe with which to succeed in all projects, but some of the trends, especially for mobile applications, have already reviewed them.
So sure is his statement that puts a piece of data on the table to encourage any entrepreneur: “There are more than 250 billion euros of venture capital funds seeking startups and projects with global vocation.” All this liquidity available to the system will not only go to apps, but their transversality helps them receive a good portion of all those zeros. “In this sector it is competing in talent and capital. Our startups compete globally without any blemish, ”he concludes. Whether in Barcelona or any other friendly city with disruptive initiatives, the potential is there. We just need to know them and find their place among the different stores of the phones.
The village kitchen is on the table. The encounter Rural Terrae It has brought together in Zafra (Badajoz) 40 professionals from Spain, Portugal, Italy and Brazil who have exchanged experiences and concerns and have signed a manifesto calling for “a state pact in defense of rural areas” and which will be presented in the European Union . Rural gastronomy serves a reality that is valued not only on the palates of diners, but also on the survival of peoples and on the Gross Domestic Product of nations.
“If we want the peoples of empty Spain to prosper, we should promote gastronomic tourism. It is an antidote to depopulation. ” This is a recipe that has circulated on Terrae. “The avant-gardes have emerged in the peripheries”, confirms the Alicante Kiko Moya (L’Escaleta, Cocentaina), thinking, for example, of elBulli. And more than a third of Michelin-starred restaurants are located in towns outside the big cities. In the heat of boom gastronomic, many localities have fueled their community development.
“The rural environment is the future,” says Ignacio Echapresto. The cook from La Rioja gathered in September at Sale Moncalvillo to fellow village cooks. “There is a lot of talk about depopulation, lack of opportunities … I believe that this bleak approach must be reconverted. In towns there are opportunities, there is a future. It is unsustainable that cities can absorb so much population and give it resources. I think people will end up going back to the villages. “
One who has exchanged the city for the countryside is Edorta Lamo. The chef left the Donostia town of A Fuego Negro to open in 2018 in Campezo (Álava), his family’s town, the “mountain cuisine” restaurant Arrea! “There is a need for controlled licenses for small gatherers of wild mushrooms, fruits and herbs,” he says, and also “hunter controls, both in quotas and in animal waste.”
One of the thorny issues that many rural chefs face is the illegality or illegality in which raw material suppliers survive and the absence of poultry and cattle slaughterhouses. Regarding the native pantry, there are “norms dictated by the offices that do not facilitate rural kitchens”, alleges Nacho Manzano, heir to a family-owned food house in the Asturian town of Arriondas, today the two Michelin stars Martial House.
Are we going to a future of orchard cooks and ranchers? “I bet on the garden because in my land it is part of my identity, just as in other parts it is pork or seafood,” explains Echapresto. The Canary Borja Marrero, with his complex Texeda, in La Tejeda, deals with both restoration and production: vegetables, meat, oil, cheese, beer … “Having a vegetable garden and animals in the restaurant is a way out of the supply problems of rural cuisine. Many farmers are not registered and we cannot buy directly from them. Self-sufficiency is one of the solutions as long as we help our area, ”says Marrero. “It is necessary to join forces in the rural world to achieve our goals and make our restaurants more efficient,” he adds. “We are already many, and what we need is to go hand in hand”, agree the Cantabrian chefs David Pérez (Ronquillo, in Ramales) and Nacho Solana (Solarium, Ampuero).
“We are not aware of the power of communication and convening we have,” adds María Solivellas. The Mallorcan cook of Ca na Toneta She has spoken at the Climate Summit in Madrid in talks on “the transforming power of gastronomy” and is a militant small-town girl: “I have become a peasant to manage the products I want.” He has recovered one, the pepper corti tap and the faces and stories of their providers is the first thing that appears on their Web. A matter of principle, like another peasant cook (she has chickens, vegetables, lambs on her land …), the Catalan Fina Puigdevall, has also rescued since Les Cols indigenous varieties, such as fajol (buckwheat) from La Garrotxa. And its producers are not anonymous, they star in a discourse of closeness and sustainability. “Indicating their names on the menus and telling customers where what they eat comes from gives us visibility and identity,” says her daughter Martina Puigvert.