Netflix is by far the largest providers of content on the net, and its share tends to increase. It is one of the lessons that emerges from the report published Wednesday, June 25, by the Arcep (regulatory Authority for electronic communications, post and press distribution).
The platform of films and videos shown, by 2019, 23% of the traffic of the four major French operators (Orange, SFR, Bouygues, Free). After Google’s 15 %, as well as Facebook and Akamai, a content distributor, both less than 10%.
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If the name of the social network is well-known to the general public, the second is less so. It is a computer network of several tens of thousands of servers spread across a hundred countries around the world. The company provides these servers to sites (signs of commerce, etc), which store web content caches distributed on each of their networks.
U.s. data in mass
In total, Netflix, Google, Akamai and Facebook represent more than 55 % of the traffic, two percentage points more than in 2018. “ This indicates that the concentration of more and more net traffic between a small number of players, whose position on the market of the content is enhanced “to be,” says one to the Arcep.
Because of the dominance in France of platforms primarily for the u.s., the volume of incoming data is much higher than that of the outgoing data of the territory : the level of asymmetry is past a given outgoing 4 incoming data in 2012 to 1 to 10 in 2019.
The network has held during the containment
The containment has been very much in favour of digital consumption, the gap for Netflix should still grow. The consumption of internet has increased 30% during the health crisis. ” Thanks to the quality of the networks, we did not observe any major congestion “welcomed-t – Arcep, which puts forward the involvement of all stakeholders.
” The major providers of content and application of video streaming or online games have reduced the quality of the video or program updates in a period of low inflow “recalls a member of the Authority. The fear of this congestion had led to the shift of the launch of Disney +, other online video platform.
The report also highlights, in its final part, the environmental impact of the digital age, including several studies say that it is responsible for 3% to 4% of greenhouse gas emissions in the world. If the power consumption of networks is the major source of gas emission of greenhouse operators, these issues concern the entire value chain, from data centers to the terminals. The production of the latter (in the form of smartphones, tablets, screens, speakers connected, etc) is responsible for 80 % of greenhouse gas emissions digital.
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The massification of consumption of online videos is expected to increase the usage and therefore the environmental footprint of the digital. ” It is necessary to create the conditions of a digital greenexplains Sébastien Soriano, president of Arcep, in order that the 5G (Editor’s NOTE : the new generation of mobile telephony, the frequencies of which, in France, will be awarded during the auction launched in September), that will start by involving only a few thousands of sites in the beginning, enroll in a real requirement of environmental “.