Compatriots called for preserving the monument to the Russian ruler of Alaska

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Compatriots called for preserving the monument to the Russian ruler of Alaska

The Coordination Council of the organizations of Russian compatriots of the USA (KSORS) drew up an online petition against plans to demolish the monument to the ruler of Russian settlements … RIA Novosti, 06/28/2020

2020-06-28T23: 27

2020-06-29T10:37

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NEW YORK CITY, June 28 – RIA News. The Coordination Council of Organizations of Russian Compatriots of the United States (KSORS) drafted an online petition against plans to demolish the monument to the ruler of Russian settlements in North America in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Alexander Baranov.
As noted in the petition posted on the KSORS website, a group of residents of Sitka (Alaska) came up with a proposal to remove the statue of Alexander Baranov (1747-1819) from the city center.

“We believe that the demolition of the statue is the erasure of our Russian historical heritage,” the authors write.

The text recalls that Sitka was the capital of Russian America, and Alexander Baranov was the first Russian governor of Alaska. “The statue is an important reminder of the history of intercultural interaction and diplomacy,” the petition says.

Back and forth Alaska: how the Russian hinterland became an American stateEnglish schooners spun in coastal waters, hunted sea otters and whales, corsairs landed from them, made deals with the Indians. Emperor Alexander I was finally tired of all this, and on September 16, 1821, he issued a decree: Russia affirmed exclusive rights to Alaska and the Aleutian Islands.

The monument to Alexander Baranov is located in the center of Sitka. Until 1867, the city was called Novo-Arkhangelsk and was the capital of the territories of the Russian-American company. Baranov founded the city of Sitka, located on the island, which is now called Baranov Island, the authors indicate.

The statue of the sculptor Joan Bugby-Jackson was donated to the municipality in 1989 by one of the local American influential families – James – and was installed in the park opposite the city center, the text says.

“Under the leadership of Baranov, more than 200 settlements were built, some of which still exist. Novo-Arkhangelsk was founded as the capital of Russian America. With the assistance of Alexander Baranov, culture, religion, industrial and craft production developed in Alaska. Public libraries, schools were opened. and hospitals, as well as motels and nursing homes, “the authors write.

“During the reign of Baranov, more than 60 church buildings of the Russian Orthodox Church were built, including a seminary. Some of these churches have survived and continue to function. High-tech (for their time) shipyards and agricultural production, brick and iron foundries were opened. Modular wooden houses were made for transportation south to San Francisco, California, “the drafters said.

The petition has already been signed by 547 people.

Russian sailing ship Nadezhda escorts foreign sailing ships that took part in the regatta as part of the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok

Around the world in a thousand days: how the Russians redrawed the world mapFirst, the anchors of a combat sailboat rang — he embarked on a Kronstadt raid, then an artillery salute rumbled over Kronstadt. So on the August morning of 1806, the first Russian round-the-world expedition ended. As the newspapers reported, “to the indescribable joy and pleasure of compatriots.”

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The Loving Day, a tribute to America’s diversity

The Loving Day is not yet registered on the calendar of american holidays, between Memorial Day (last Monday in may, dedicated to the soldiers who died in combat) and the national day celebrating independence (4 July). But June 12 is a day that account for very many families across the Atlantic : June 12, 1967, the supreme Court of the United States gave reason for Richard and Mildred Loving, in a struggle for nearly ten years against the law prohibiting mixed marriages, in their homes, in Virginia.

A ruling which changed America

This historic judgment – “Loving v. Virginia “ – did not fall that day, the last pillar of legal segregation in the United States : he swept up the laws in sixteen States prohibited such unions, thirteen years after the beginning of the desegregation of schools in 1954. For Richard, a mason, white, and Mildred, a young woman of black ancestry and indian, it was coming to a close a long personal journey painful, marked by humiliation, and rejection. The Loving “fought not for the sake of civil rights, but for the civil right to love “one can read today on the plate fixed on one of the walls of the old Court of the county of Caroline, Virginia.

→ NOVEL. The secrets of blending american

This fight changed America : while 3 % of new marriages were mixed in 1967, this proportion rose to 17 % in 2015, according to the Pew Research Center, a major research center in Washington. Always according to the Pew Research Center, “a baby in seven had parents mixed in 2015, three times more than in 1980 “. Young people who demonstrate today their anger after the death of George Floyd embody the new face of the United States.

A news message at the time of the case Floyd

To celebrate the Loving Day, events are organized for several years at the initiative of a small group that is campaigning to make this date a day recognized nationally to celebrate the diversity. For the time being, only a few States, including Virginia, and several cities (New York, Los Angeles, etc), have taken the plunge. “We are working with other groups in multi-ethnic societies to encourage the organization of festivities throughout the country, explain the founders of the group. We also encourage the people to commemorate this date and their families and friends. These events are shared with other friends and thus develops through the close relatives and families, a new tradition celebrating the diversity. “

In the year 2020 so special, June 12, takes on a different twist. Due to the pandemic first. Events have been cancelled, including New York, the capital of the mixing, which is usually the most important event. Because of the case George Floyd, then. While a new wave of anger against racism is raised in America, the message of Richard and Mildred Loving is more topical than ever. “The Loving Day is an opportunity to learn more about racial injustice, have informed the organisers of the movement by a press release. When Richard and Mildred Loving were arrested, jailed, and banished from Virginia for marrying in 1958 in Washington, they had the face to them to institutional racism and systemic that persists today. Let us commit ourselves to educating us about the systems that harm to the black community. “

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Tired of the fruitless reforms, Minneapolis dismantled its police

► What are the intentions of the city of Minneapolis ?

Two weeks after the death of George Floyd, nine of the thirteen members of the city council of Minneapolis have taken, Sunday, June 7, a radical commitment : dismantling the near future, the police of the city. “Decades of effort have proven that the police in Minneapolis (MPD) could not be reformed and will never account for its actions, they said in a joint press release. We will begin the dismantling of the police and the creation of a new model of security for our city. “

→ ANALYSIS. The impossible reform of the american police

Before the death of George Floyd, the city had already experienced many dramas of this type – Christopher Burns in 2002, David Smith in 2010, Jamar Clark in 2015, Philando Castile, in 2016… efforts had been made to train, to educate… But are often undermined by the internal police unions. For the majority of the elected representatives of the municipal council, the death of George Floyd, who did not resist his arrest nor represented a threat, is the failure of this strategy.

► What to replace the police ?

The consequences of this announcement remain highly uncertain. First, because it seems that a vote of the inhabitants of Minneapolis is required to amend the articles of association of the city, which provides for the existence of a font.

On the other hand because, for the time being, the city council does not propose any other option. Its decision is part of a movement that was once radical has become the force whereas american police continue to kill about 1,000 people per year – a statistic unchanged since twenty years, according to the Washington Postwho keeps count of police violence. This movement, whose slogan is “Defund the police “ (” No money for the police “), considers that, since the safe drifting started under Nixon’s presidency, the police is perceived as the only answer to many problems (drug, mental health, school violence, etc), that would be much better supported by social services. He cut off the supplies would therefore be the best method to restrict its power.

► What is the point of view of the democratic Party ?

For democrats, the issue of public safety is a delicate issue. They must regularly face the charges of laxity. Donald Trump and his allies are not private to widely disseminate the decision of the city council of Minneapolis, a city democrat. Joe Biden, therefore, has not been slow to make it known that he was opposed to the dismantling of the MPD. It considers, however, “urgent “ an ambitious reform. It supports, in particular, the draft bill tabled Monday, June 8, by the democrats in the House of representatives for “put an end to police brutality, hold the police to account, improve transparency and create profound changes and structural “.

→ ANALYSIS. Against Donald Trump, Joe Biden proposes unity and empathy

This text includes the creation of a national registry for police officers committing burrs, and is intended to facilitate the prosecution of the agents. Some dangerous techniques of “taken effect” would be prohibited. This project should, however, be blocked by the republicans, the majority in the Senate.

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Free trade agreement for North America enters into force on July 1st

Das new Free trade agreement USMCA for North America will enter into force on July 1, according to the American government. The trade representative Robert Lighthizer informed the congress on Friday, Lighthizer’s office said. Canada and Mexico have taken measures to honor their commitments under the trilateral agreement. For its part, the United States had informed Canada and Mexico that it had taken the necessary steps to implement the agreement.

President Donald Trump signed the USMCA free trade agreement in late January. According to estimates, the new contract will contribute 1.2 percent to gross domestic product and create countless new jobs in America, Trump said at the time. The agreement had previously been approved by both the House of Representatives and the Senate in Washington. The USMCA agreement replaces the 1994 North American Free Trade Pact NAFTA.

500 million people

USMCA affects nearly 500 million people and covers an area with a total economic output of around $ 23 trillion. Partner countries exchanged around $ 1.4 trillion worth of goods and services in 2018.

Trump had initiated the renegotiation. The agreement builds largely on NAFTA, but includes new regulations for the automotive industry, better American farmers’ access to markets in neighboring countries, and regulations for the protection of intellectual property and digital commerce. The heads of state and government of the three countries signed the USMCA treaty at the end of 2018 on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Buenos Aires.

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Fear of the Covid in the Bronx’s “Asthma Alley”

While life in New York City has slowed considerably due to the Covid-19, the South Bronx is running at full speed. This district at the southern tip of the Bronx is home to many warehouses, resulting in an endless stream of delivery trucks. Their activity is sustained in these times of confinement. And this worries the locals, who fear a renewed pollution. ” We are in the “asthma aisle”said Mychal Johnson, co-founder of the local environmental justice association South Bronx Unite.

Poor, polluted neighborhood

The poorest neighborhood in the megalopolis hit hard by the current epidemic – more than 15,000 dead – the South Bronx has a large population of asthmatics. Its residents, mostly Hispanic and black, are five times more hospitalized for asthma than the national average. ” We have classrooms filled to 90% of asthmaticscontinues Mychal Johnson. As a poor, non-white community, we carry very heavy burdens, inherited from decades of segregation and damaging political decisions. “

→ LIVE. Coronavirus: the latest information and France and worldwide

According to him, the pollution comes from the three highways that surround the neighborhood, but also from the daily comings and goings of thousands of trucks. The lack of parks does not help: the South Bronx, 500,000 inhabitants, has only one. The presence of community gardens created by residents in the middle of the HLM bars does little to change the situation.

Asthma, an additional anxiety factor

In this “asthma alley”, the Covid-19 is very scary. And for good reason: asthma and its respiratory complications are considered to be co-morbidities. ” Although more research is needed on the relationship between asthma and Covid-19, there is there are a lot ofworry and concern “Explains Acklema Mohammad, a doctor practicing in the neighborhood for thirty years. Its pediatric care center treats 13,000 asthma sufferers from disadvantaged backgrounds as part of a nationally recognized treatment program.

She had to revise her methods because of the Covid-19. We were doing a lot of visits to high-risk patients to find out what in their home could trigger asthma attacks. Now we have to do virtual tours. We call them regularly to educate them on how to strengthen their lungs, which will help them if they get sick, explains the doctor. The good news is that the Covid-19 pushes them to be more rigorous in taking metedrugs.

The Bronx, particularly hit by the Covid-19

She said the role of asthma in the deaths of Covid-19 remains to be determined. One thing is certain: the Bronx is paying a heavy price for the virus. This poor district has proportionately more patients, but people die from coronavirus twice as much as in any other part of the city. In the South Bronx, in particular, between 59 and 76% of screenings performed are positive, making the neighborhood one of the most affected in New York. ” Going out is out of the question. We have everything delivered. Fortunately, my kids don’t usually spend a lot of time outside Says Blanca Ortiz, an asthmatic housewife like three of her children, on the phone.

→ READ. In New York, the school closure puzzle

Asthma is not the only threat to the neighborhood. ” Many locals also suffer from obesity andhypertension, recalls Mychal Johnson. We live in poor quality housing. Health education, including how to eat healthy, is lacking. This systemic racism contributes greatly to the current situation. Yesterday, we had to wait years to see the consequences. With the Covid-19, they jump us at the figure.

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in the United States, the tone shows between Donald Trump and the governors

Since the end of March, Donald Trump has not hidden his impatience: the country must, as soon as possible, return to its normal rhythm of life. This is actually the wish of all Americans, and probably of the planet, given the role of the world’s leading economic power.

But how ? The road map made public by the White House on Thursday, April 16, leaves many governors skeptical of the front line for managing public health and public order in the United States. Donald Trump calls on his supporters to mobilize to demand the “liberation” of the country.

→ RECAP ’. Coronavirus: most of the day of April 20

Rallies to “liberate America”

Since mid-April, several states have been the scene of rallies to demand from their elected officials the end of confinement and the reopening of businesses. After a demonstration that brought together 3,000 people in Lansing, the capital of Michigan on April 15, the phenomenon happened again in the following days in many regions, from New Hampshire to California, via Texas, Maryland or Ohio.

In most cases, these mobilizations bring together, for the moment, few people, even if they can be spectacular, especially when certain people are armed, as in the case of Michigan. During these regroupings were waved the American flag, but also the colors of Donald Trump and those of the Tea Party, movement which had been born under Barack Obama, accused of increasing the weight of the state at the expense of “freedom “

These rallies received support on Friday from the tenant of the White House. Donald Trump called for “Release” containment of three states run by Democratic governors, Michigan, Minnesota and Virginia, which are also key states ahead of the November presidential election. In 2016, the Republican candidate had, to everyone’s surprise, won in Michigan and came close to victory in Minnesota, two Democratic lands.

Donald Trump’s roadmap

The White House offers governors a return to normalcy in three stages. The first stage would be triggered when a state records a decrease in Covid-19 cases over a 14-day period and its hospitals are no longer submerged. Restaurants and sports clubs could then reopen, provided that social distancing is allowed.

In this phase, the most vulnerable people should remain confined, teleworking would always be the rule, and schools would remain closed, as would the bars. As for wearing the mask in public, it would be “Strongly” advised, without being compulsory.

→ READ. Coronavirus: to win in November, Donald Trump wants to reopen in May

At the same time, the authorities should set up large-scale screening. If none “Rebound” of the epidemic is not noted, phase two could start, with in particular a reopening of schools and authorization to regroup up to 50 people. The lifting of restrictions and confinement, in a third phase, would take place when the absence of a resurgence of the epidemic was confirmed.

Tests, bone of contention

This strategy is based on the authorities’ ability to screen new cases of coronavirus on a large scale, in order to avoid a second wave of contamination. The issue of testing is at the root of many tensions between the Trump administration and the states, which rely on the support of the federal government.

New arms passes took place Sunday, April 19, by the media. “There is sufficient testing capacity in the country today for any state to enter phase 1”said Vice President Mike Pence on Fox News. “Even if we now do 150,000 tests a day, if the States activated all the laboratories present at home, we could more than double that number overnight”, he added, angering many elected officials.

Virginia’s Democratic Governor Ralph Northam called it “Delusional” and “Irresponsible” government statements. “We have been asked, as governors, to wage this war without the equipment we need”, he said on CNN. The Michigan Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer also pointed to the shortage of reagents.

Even in the Republican camp, dissonant voices were heard. Maryland Governor Larry Hogan said that “To say that governors have enough tests, and that they should just get to work is completely wrong”.

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Medicines with no history and quick tests, this is how the US fights against the coronavirus

Treatments with scarce medical literature to back them up, rapid tests and accelerated investment in research for vaccines, thus are trying to fight the coronavirus the authorities of U.S, where the virus has already left more than 234 thousand infected and 5 thousand 607 deaths.

Despite reacting somewhat late, There are signs that call hope for the country with more cases of coronavirus of the worldBecause he has taken great steps towards the development of his own vaccine and has put into circulation new tests with which he wants to end the waiting hours and even days that some Americans have to endure to know if they are infected.

UNTESTED DRUGS

In the absence of treatments of coronavirus with scientific backing, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) urgently approved this week a plan to distribute millions of doses of hydroxychloroquine Y chloroquine, two drugs used to treat malaria and are now used in critically ill patients with COVID-19 despite insufficient studies to support its benefits.

The agency assures that although there is little medical literature that indicates that they can serve to mitigate the symptoms of the most acute symptoms, the risk is outweighed by the possible benefits.

However, some experts have expressed concern about this step taken by the FDA, since, in the absence of conclusive studies, they consider that The side effects of these medications can pose a danger if their use is extended, especially for people with heart disease or taking medications that slow the heart rate.

Still, the combination of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine has been used in hospitals around the world against COVID-19.

In addition, the US Government authorized doctors across the country on March 24 using plasma from patients who recovered from coronavirus As a treatment for those in critical condition.

FASTER TEST

From March 20 to April 1, the US went from performing 103.6 daily tests per million inhabitants to 304.7, ranking only behind Italy, according to Our World In Data, a project in which the University of Oxford participates.

This is due in part to the landing in the country of the so-called rapid tests, which allow the results to be known “in situ” in less than an hour, in contrast to the hours or days waits of the tests that must be sent to a laboratory. .

On March 22, the FDA approved the emergency use of a test developed by the Cepheid laboratory that allows to diagnose in approximately 45 minutes the coronavirus.

Six days later, the agency gave the green light to a test manufactured by Abbot that gives the results in less than 15 minutes, although it also authorized it only for emergency use. That pharmacist specified that it can offer positive results in five minutes, and negative results in thirteen.

The pharmaceutical company also assured that it intends to deliver 50 thousand tests a day to the country’s health system. He also indicated that he expects to produce around five million a month.

Even so, many states are not being able to carry out all the pertinent tests or accumulate the samples to be analyzed in the laboratories.

This is the case of California, the most populous state in the country, where according to data from The COVID Tracking Project only 31,038 tests have been carried out and where 59,100 people are waiting for results; an alarming figure if one takes into account that New York has carried out more than 220,000 tests, despite the fact that 20 million fewer residents reside there.

INVESTMENT TO FIND A VACCINE

In mid-March, or did it become public that the President Donald trump unsuccessfully attempted to seize the exclusive right to a potential coronavirus vaccine developed by a German company. Just one hour later, testing of another vaccine in humans began in the United States.

It was in Seattle, in the state of Washington -one of the most affected at that time-, where the Kaiser Permanente Institute of Sanitary Research began on March 16 to administer this vaccine to 45 healthy volunteers between 18 and 55 years old, who became part of this six-week clinical trial that day.

The vaccine, developed by Kaiser Permanente and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, is called RNA-1273.

Other laboratories in the country are also trying to find a vaccine against the new coronavirus, such as Johnson & Johnson, which signed a billion-dollar contract with the federal government to guarantee the manufacture of more than a billion doses.

Although this company has said that it does not believe it can start human tests before September and acknowledges that, at the earliest, its vaccine will be ready in early 2021.

For its part, the University of Pittsburgh published a study this Thursday in which it declared having successfully tested a vaccine that neutralizes the SARS-CoV-2 virus in mice, causing the COVID-19 pandemic.

However, the institution clarified that the clinical study in humans will take months.

JM

Coronavirus

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murder of a journalist in the state of Veracruz

Finding the truth and telling it is a dangerous job in Mexico. Maria Elena Ferral, a journalist in the eastern state of Veracruz, was assassinated on Monday March 30.

Aged 50, she worked for Diario De Xalapa, a newspaper founded in 1943 in Xalapa, capital of the state of Veracruz, some 300 kilometers from Mexico City. Correspondent for this daily newspaper in Papantla, it was in this city that she was the victim, at the beginning of the afternoon, of the shooting of two individuals on a motorbike while she was preparing to board her car.

According to local press reports, Maria Elena Ferral wrote regularly on corruption and crime cases, which had resulted in numerous attempts to intimidate her in the past. In 2016, she publicly denounced former local politicians, who had threatened her with death.

The state of Veracruz, on the Atlantic coast, has become one of the most dangerous in the country, due to rivalries between cartels and impunity. Last August, another Xalapa newspaper saw one of its journalists murdered.

Violence, a Mexican scourge

The years go by and look alike in Mexico, despite the political alternations. Last year ended on a new homicide record, with 35,588 murders, according to official figures. 2.6% more than in 2018, the last year of Enrique Peña Nieto’s presidency.

His successor, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, in power since December 1, 2018, was elected after two failures in 2006 and 2012, promising to attack the corruption that plagues the country, mother in his eyes of all the evils.

To curb the violence, he had proposed several specific avenues during his campaign, some of which were very controversial, such as the hypothesis of an “amnesty” on the model of peace negotiated in Colombia between the government and the Farc guerrillas (Armed Forces Colombian revolutionaries), very involved in drug trafficking. For the time being, the president has been slow to act on the crime and cartel front.

Responses are also expected on a specific front: feminicides, the number of which increased in 2019, going from 912 to 1,006. After another sordid case, the country experienced a large mobilization of women on Monday, March 9, to demand government action.

Mexico, dangerous country for local journalists

Since becoming one of the strongholds of the drug trade, Mexico has been one of the most dangerous countries in the world for journalism. More than 150 press card holders have been killed in the country since 2000 as a result of their work, according to the National Human Rights Commission.

No country has done worse than Mexico in the past year, according to Reporters Without Borders: while the number of reporters killed worldwide decreased in 2019 from 67 to 39 dead, it increased south of the Rio Grande, with ten murders. Pakistan (4), Afghanistan, Syria, Somalia and the Philippines (3) followed.

Prior to the events on Monday in Papantla, no case had been recorded this year in Mexico by RSF. Another organization, the Committee to Protect Journalists, however reported in January the discovery of the body of a radio journalist in Michoacan and demanded an investigation to find out the reasons for the crime.

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Louisiana in the eye of cyclone coronavirus

On the map updated daily by the Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC), the federal public health organization in the United States, the clear spots have disappeared: no more state is spared from the coronavirus health crisis .

But some regions appear in a darker red than their neighbors. This is particularly the case in Louisiana – in one week, the number of cases there increased fourfold. More than 150 people have died since the first case appeared on March 9.

Louisiana, another hotbed of the epidemic in the United States

If media attention is focused on New York State, America’s showcase and epicenter of the American pandemic with nearly a thousand dead, another major tourist destination is struck by the virus: Louisiana, and more particularly the city ​​of New Orleans.

Since the confirmation of the first infected person in the very old French colony, on March 9, the spread of the virus has been very rapid. The state is counting more than a thousand cases in two weeks, a rate unparalleled in the world, according to a study by Gary Wagner, professor at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. Sunday March 29, the assessment had passed to 3,540 contaminations, for 151 dead and more than 1,100 people hospitalized.

→ LIVE. Coronavirus: Olympic Games, bin, masks… The latest news on the pandemic

These figures, taken in relation to Louisiana’s population of 4.7 million, make it one of the most critical places in the United States. Despite the confinement of New Orleans since March 20 and then of the entire state on March 23, the situation continues to deteriorate. “The virus is obviously spreading faster than we would like. We are staying on a trajectory that would make us exceed our health care capacity around April 4 “, lamented Governor John Bel Edwards on Sunday March 29.

Carnival on the dock

Why is Louisiana in this situation? Why, for example, does it have more cases than neighboring Texas, almost seven times more populated? According to experts, the source of the problem is what usually makes New Orleans proud: its famous Mardi Gras carnival.

For several weeks, the carnival season begins in January in New Orleans and is in full swing in February_, nearly 1.5 million locals and tourists have danced, sang and toasted in the streets of the French Quarter. When the carnival ended on February 25 with Mardi Gras, the United States only had about fifteen reported cases; no special precautions were required.

→ THE FACTS. In Alabama, a “megachurch” mobilized to screen for Covid-19

“Mardi Gras was the key moment for the spread of the virus Said Rebekah Gee, who was responsible for state health issues until January. “People from all over the world were in processions, at parties. Unfortunately, they shared necklaces, drinks and they threw not only necklaces but also the Covid-19 “, she said on the public radio NPR, in reference to the tradition, in vogue in New Orleans during the carnival, of the exchange of plastic pearl necklace.

Texas and Florida impose quarantine on Louisiana travelers

Faced with this alarming situation, the neighboring states of Louisiana are stepping up measures to protect themselves from imported contagion, even if the virus is already present on their soil. West of the former French colony, Texas – which has 2,500 cases and 34 dead – decided on Sunday March 29 to impose a 14-day quarantine on anyone arriving by road from Louisiana.

A few days earlier, Greg Abbott, the Texas governor, had already made a similar decision for passengers arriving by plane from New Orleans, or, moreover, from the New York region.

→ ANALYSIS. USA: Donald Trump’s erratic management does not help states

Although non-border, Florida – nearly 5,000 cases and 59 dead – is also trying to protect itself. Three hours by car is enough to reach the western part of the state from Louisiana, after crossing the Mississippi and a small portion of Alabama. Checkpoints are now installed on the freeway at the entrance to Florida, and people arriving from Louisiana are subject to two weeks of quarantine.

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for Donald Trump, the main threat is the economic crisis

Since the start of the health crisis, world leaders have faced a dilemma: how to stop the pandemic without weighing even more on an economy already severely damaged? An economy that is also necessary to turn the wheels of a country, even more in times of confinement. Essential businesses must remain open, and be supplied, and families must be able to support themselves.

→ LIVE. Coronavirus in France: announcements on containment “in the coming days”

White House hopes to return to normal at Easter

If all the leaders have these concerns in mind, which impose to weigh the pros and cons, a president is distinguished by his speech: Donald Trump. Tuesday, March 24, the tenant of the White House expressed impatience. “You have to go back to work, much sooner than people think”he said in an interview with Fox News. To his eyes, “A severe recession or depression” could kill more people than the epidemic, especially if the economic crisis were to cause “Suicides by the thousands”. Without justifying the why of the date, beyond the symbol, he mentioned Easter, that is April 12, as the desired day for a return to normal.

But what is this point of view based on? Not about science. Contamination and death figures are rising sharply in the United States, with more than 800 deaths and 55,000 officially reported cases of Covid-19, according to Johns Hopkins University. So much so that the World Health Organization (WHO) believes that the country could soon become the new global epicenter of the pandemic, ahead of Europe. Donald Trump’s own adviser, Anthony Fauci, spoke of early May as the horizon for the height of the crisis in the United States.

To occupy the ground more than the function

“It seems to me that Donald Trump, with this type of declaration, is above all trying to control the speech, to occupy the field, says Marie-Cécile Naves, associate researcher at the Institute of International and Strategic Relations (Iris). The American media has talked a lot about experts and the role of governors in recent days. It’s a way for Donald Trump to regain control

Because if the Trump administration only gave, on March 16, general instructions for two weeks in order to “Slow the spread of the virus” – wash hands, avoid gatherings of more than ten people, etc. – the governors have taken action: 17 of them have called on their people to stay at home, representing more than half of the population of the United States.

Skeptical Republican elected officials

Donald Trump’s speech is, therefore, first of all rhetoric. Moreover, many Republican elected officials, including among his faithful supporters, like Lindsay Graham, have distanced themselves from the head of state. “I spoke with Doctor Fauci. He thinks we need to do more. The economy cannot work if hospitals overflow “, commented the senator from South Carolina.

United States: towards a massive economic recovery plan

“What is certain is that Donald Trump is worried: the economy is at the heart of his campaign for November”, continues Marie-Cécile Naves. Even if the forecasts, in this context of great uncertainty, are very hypothetical, the last note from Morgan Stanley, published on Sunday March 22, caused a sensation: it evokes a contraction of the American economy by 30% during the second quarter 2020, and an unemployment rate of around 13% in late spring – unheard of since the post-war period.

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