In Fessenheim, supporting employees on departure as a priority

One thing is certain: they will have been warned. For thirteen years, the closure of the Fessenheim nuclear power plant has been anticipated, announced, postponed, haggled, playing with the nerves of 750 employees, 300 service providers, and the entire local economic ecosystem. When the final announcement was made, in November 2017, the first departures were announced for 2019. But the phasing of the shutdown of the reactors – last February and this Tuesday June 30 at 2 am – and the dismantling, until ‘in 2040 at least, was going to spread out over time the downsizing too. 120 departures in 2019, 150 in 2020, 100 in 2021…

« Until the end of the fuel evacuation, at the end of 2023, we will never go below 294 people in order to ensure on-call duties “, Says Anne Laszlo, union delegate CFE-CGC. From 2025, only sixty EDF agents are planned. At that time the providers will be a hundred, and then exceed them in number. ” We work on the skills we will need semester by semester “, Says EDF. The first parties were those preparing for maintenance operations, and the last will be supervisory positions for demolition companies.

Tailor-made course contracts

For 150 agents, it is time for retirement, early retirement, a resignation after having found a job elsewhere on their own, or a business creation. But no dismissals. By the end of 2020, all agents will have signed a tripartite “journey contract”, with the power plant and another EDF site: most of the time another nuclear power plant, but also hydro power plants, or even the property service or a lock. ” It is tailor-made, especially since EDF has a culture of dialogue. We don’t force people’s hands “, We explain at EDF, which has accepted as much as possible the departure of employees on the date that suited them (end of a child’s college years, transfer of a spouse, etc.).

Union side, we confirm. “ I regret that certain aspirations for the evolution towards management functions have not always been heard. But overall, the company is large and varied enough to make it easy enough to be relocated, especially since they have high levels of qualification. And they know that even if they are wrong, we will not fire them, and we will continue to look for something else Supports Jean-Luc Cardoso, CGT delegate. In some cases, immersion periods are even organized to take the pulse of another profession or another site. Those who are not yet fixed on their lot are often the least mobile geographically. ” Some will remain at the central, even if it is in overstaffing or whether to train them in other trades. For others, HR is trying to convince Alsatian sites “, says Anne Laszlo.

To support employees, in addition to the human resources department, six agents, usually in managerial positions, have trained to become “mobility advisers”. ” There has been a strong demand not to use an outside firm. Fessenheim agents, who refuse to meet with elected officials or grant interviews, preferred to stay between them Explains Anne Laszlo. According to her, the political nature of the decision to close the plant, while it was very profitable, helped to unite the teams, beyond the hierarchical levels.

A more nuanced future for subcontractors

Provider side, the note will obviously be more salty. Because if some like Orano, Clemessy or Forclum have the internal means to offer mobility to their employees, more local and specialized companies may not recover. One thing is certain: out of 350 employees of service providers in 2017, only 100 will remain after 2025, many of whom are new. For two years, psychological and social support, in terms of training and retraining, has been offered to them by the Groupement des Industriels de Maintenance de l’Est, which brings together EDF’s service providers, and the firm Altedia.

→ ANALYSIS. Fessenheim, the time of dismantling

From time to time, the central office gives help. Like these works “Not absolutely necessary” who continue to be ordered from them, or these few hires, often a few years from retirement. Killing two birds with one stone: keeping very good connoisseurs of the plant, and allowing agents to leave Fessenheim when they wanted.


The state Department said about the presence of Russian project “the separation” NATO :: Policy :: RBC

The United States believes that Russia has a project to split NATO. This idea is representative of the country’s arms control expressed in response to a tweet with the words Maria Zakharova on the destabilizing activity of NATO in the EU

Marshall Billingsley

(Photo: Hussein Malla / AP)

Russia is a “parallel project”, trying to divide NATO. About this in his Twitter wrote to the special representative of the U.S. arms control Marshall Billingsley.

This message he added to reticu post of the Russian foreign Ministry with the words of his official spokesman Maria Zakharova. “At the meeting in Vienna, Russia participated in the discussion of the destabilizing effects of military activity of NATO in Europe, emphasizing the end “mission on the exchange of nuclear weapons” and the withdrawal of US nuclear weapons from European countries,” — said in a tweet the Ministry of foreign Affairs.

Arguing about Moscow’s attempt to split NATO, Billingsley said that “this will not happen”. “Russia should concentrate on real things: secret extensions [оружия] China,” added the special representative of the United States.

The United States proposed to include in the new Treaty, the nuclear arsenals of Russia and China

Marshall Billingsley

Negotiations between Russia and USA on strategic stability and arms control was held in Vienna on 22 June. The Russian delegation was represented by Deputy foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov.


The United States proposed to include in the new Treaty, the nuclear arsenals of Russia and China :: Politics :: RBC

In the process of strategic arms reduction should involve Russia and China, said the special representative of the President of the United States Marshall Billingsley. In Beijing earlier refused to join the negotiations between Moscow and Washington

Marshall Billingsley

(Photo: Ints Kalnins / Reuters)

A new agreement on arms control should apply to the nuclear arsenals of Russia and China, and to cover them entirely. About this in his Twitter wrote the representative of the President of the United States arms control Marshall Billingsley.

He commented on the words of the Minister of foreign Affairs of Lithuania Linas Linkevičius. According to the head of the foreign Ministry, the agreement should include “the whole complex of the Russian nuclear Arsenal, including non-strategic nuclear weapons.”

The US called Russia a condition for the renewal of the start Treaty

Marshall Billingsley

Billingsley added that he fully supported the view Linkevičius, and called Lithuania a strong NATO ally and friend of the United States.

In 2010 Russia and the United States signed the Treaty on reduction of strategic offensive arms (SNV-3). It involves reducing the number of deployed warheads, Intercontinental ballistic missiles and missiles deployed on submarines and heavy bombers. The document came to replace the first start Treaty, which entered into force in 1994 and expired in 2009. The current start-3 will expire in 2021. For extension of Moscow and Washington had not yet agreed.


The experts evaluated the modernization of the arsenals of the nuclear powers :: Policy :: RBC

The number of nuclear warheads in the world at the beginning of 2020 has been reduced to 13 400 units, compared with 13 865 a year earlier. At the same time, the nuclear powers continue to modernize such weapons, said the experts SIPRI

Photo: Russian Ministry of defense / RIA Novosti

The total number of nuclear weapons in the world in 2019 continued to decline, however, possessing such weapons, countries continue to modernize it, according to the annual report of the Stockholm international Institute for peace studies (SIPRI).

According to experts, in the beginning of the year, the nine nuclear powers — the US, Russia, UK, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea together had about 13 400 nuclear weapons, compared with 13 865 a year earlier. Of all existing nuclear weapons approximately 3720 units are stored in warehouses of the operational units, and a further 1,800 are in a state of increased combat readiness, the report said.

The reduction of nuclear stockpiles, in conjunction with their modernization is in the world not the first year, experts say. In 2018, the number of such weapons decreased primarily as a result of the dismantling of Russia and the United States obsolete warheads under the start-3 Treaty. Last year, the arsenals of both countries remained within the limits established by the agreement.

Russia and the United States account for more than 90% of the world’s nuclear weapons, the report said. At the same time in February 2021 expires the start-3 Treaty, concluded between them. The parties may agree to extend for another five years, however, the situation has reached “an impasse,” experts say. In particular, the US has repeatedly stated the need to connect to start the China, and then Russia put a condition that she should persuade China to join the negotiations.

Medvedev said about the reluctance of the US to have an honest dialogue on start-3

Dmitry Medvedev


France put out a fire on a nuclear submarine :: Society :: RBC

Photo: Premarmed / Twitter

A fire on a nuclear submarine at the naval base in the French Toulon extinguished, said on Twitter the Minister of defence of France, Florence Parlee.

“Tonight at 00:50 the fire on Board the submarine Perle was extinguished after more than 14 hours of fighting,” wrote the head of the defense Ministry. According to her, in extinguishing the fire involved about 100 firefighters and more than 150 people who assisted.

Parley added that he personally sent to the scene.

In France there was a fire on a nuclear submarine

Photo: Premarmed / Twitter

As previously reported by the Maritime Prefecture of the Mediterranean, at the time of the fire, the nuclear submarine Perle was moored at the naval base in Toulon. She was under repair without weapons and fuel on Board. The Ministry said that the smoke from the fire is not radioactive.


Russian Foreign Ministry criticizes US Department of Energy report on nuclear technology

The Russian Foreign Ministry is studying a report published by the US Department of Energy saying Washington’s intention to oust Moscow from the global nuclear technology markets, RIA Novosti reported April 29. Moscow suspects the United States of the intention to “use non-economic leverage” by imposing its terms on Russia’s trading partners.

“A significant part of the report is devoted to the displacement of Russia and China from the international market of goods and services related to nuclear energy. Moreover, there is reason to believe that not only subsidies of the relevant US industries will be used, but also non-economic methods, ”an unnamed source in the Russian Foreign Ministry told the agency. In his opinion, we can talk about changing the national legislations of a number of countries in order to “ensure the privileged position of American suppliers.”

“We have already encountered such US actions in Ukraine and in several countries of Eastern Europe. There, political methods imposed inferior to Russian both in technical characteristics and economic indicators of American nuclear fuel. In the case of Ukraine, there is a transformation of the country’s nuclear energy into an experimental site for the development of untested American nuclear technologies. Now, this practice, apparently, is supposed to be distributed to the whole world, ”the source said.

A previous report by the US Department of Energy (.pdf) said that Russia dominates the nuclear markets, “using its energy as a means of coercion.” “Russia is strengthening its economic and foreign policy influence around the world, having foreign orders for reactors in the amount of $ 133 billion, and plans to finance the construction of more than 50 reactors in 19 countries,” the authors of the document noted.


“The argument of the Americans is, of course, ridiculous.” – Kommersant

  1. “The argument of the Americans is, of course, ridiculous.” Kommersant
  2. Lavrov and Zarif discussed the situation in Afghanistan RIA NEWS
  3. Permanent Representative Ulyanov criticized the United States for cynicism in the situation with the JCPO Federal News Agency No.1
  4. “Cynicism rolls over”: Russia appreciates US plans Rambler
  5. ‘Cynicism rolls over’: the envoy praised the US plans for the JCPOA RIA NEWS
  6. View in the Google News app


Travel advice for the United States

Entry and residence formalities

Since January 27, 2017, a presidential decree on the “protection of the nation against the entry of foreign terrorists into the United States”, which aims to restrict the conditions of entry into the United States, is applied.

It is strongly recommended that you regularly check the website of the U.S. Embassy and contact the airline to verify the measures it is taking at its level.

• Reminder of the provisions of the decree of January 27, 2017

Nationals of seven countries (Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia, Yemen and Iraq) are prohibited from entering the United States, except under specific conditions.

Holders of French passports who are also nationals of one of the seven countries concerned are exempt from restrictive measures if they are in possession of a valid visa on their French passport.

Residents of the United States with a green card who are nationals of one of these seven countries are also affected by the new provisions. They are nevertheless still allowed to enter the United States but are subject, upon arrival, to an examination of their situation.

If in doubt about your situation, it is strongly advised to contact the American consular authorities in France before your departure.

Visa-free stay

Visa Waiver Program: Visa Waiver Program (VWP)

Since April 1, 2016, only people with an electronic or biometric passport can benefit from the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) which allows French nationals to access American territory without a visa, but with an electronic travel authorization (ESTA), either in transit, or for a tourist or business stay of 90 days maximum (meaning the possibility of signing contracts, placing orders, participating in seminars or meeting customers).

Persons holding other passports must request a visa from the competent American diplomatic and consular authorities (see explanatory table on the site – information on visas (site in English).

NB : The emergency passport does not allow entry to the United States without a visa.

For more information on the types of passport, it is recommended to consult the following link:

1. Electronic travel authorization: ESTA

The French national who travels to the United States by air or sea and who benefits from the VWP must obligatorily request, via the Internet, an electronic travel authorization before departure (Electronic System for Travel Authorization – ESTA).

The ESTA can be obtained by answering the questions asked on the website (multilingual), the only site authorized by the American authorities and allowing online payment by credit card.

The form must be completed in English, but the instructions are available in French.

The authorization request can be made at any time before the trip. However, the United States Department of Homeland Security recommends that you complete this formality at least 72 hours before departure.

ESTA allows travel under the VWP but does not constitute a right of entry into the United States, which remains granted or refused on arrival by the immigration officer.

The authorization is valid for 2 years from the date of issue, but must be renewed in the event of a change in situation (name, first name, sex, nationality, passport, different answers to questions asked, etc.), or if the date the validity of the passport is less than this period of 2 years. For any new trip during the period of validity of the authorization, it will be necessary to update via the Internet certain information (flight number and destination address) in your ESTA file and of course to travel with the passport declared on the ESTA form. .

2. Exclusion of VWP from certain categories of travelers

Travelers who have visited Iran, Iraq, Syria, Libya, Somalia, Yemen or Sudan since March 1, 2011 and people with Iranian, Iraqi, Sudanese or Syrian nationality cannot benefit from the visa waiver regime .

These people must apply for a valid B1 / B2 visa, as the case may be, for several years from the US diplomatic and consular authorities.

Given the delivery times, it is recommended to anticipate these steps which can take several weeks.

According to the United States administration, people who need an emergency visa for business travel or medical or humanitarian reasons will be able to benefit from an accelerated processing of their visa application.

A permanent exception for full-time agents of civil or military state administrations on official missions is implemented. These agents continue to benefit from the visa waiver for travel to the United States. The administration has also defined five other situations in which travelers to the four target countries may eventually continue to benefit from the visa waiver.

These situations concern travel:

• on official mission on behalf of an international, regional or subnational organization;

• on official mission on behalf of a humanitarian organization;

• as a journalist;

• for Iran, for legitimate business reasons, if the displacement took place after July 14, 2015;

• for Iraq, for legitimate business reasons.

For these situations, the maintenance of the visa waiver will be decided on a case-by-case basis. Given the delays in obtaining this exemption, it is recommended that steps be taken to obtain the necessary guarantees from the US consular services at least two months in advance.

According to the American authorities, travelers who have declared the nationality of one of these seven countries and already benefiting from an ESTA will be informed by email of its revocation, and invited to apply for a visa.

Other people affected by the reform who are considering short-term travel to the United States are strongly recommended to apply for a visa as soon as possible. For people currently benefiting from an ESTA, it is possible to check its status at this address: (multilingual).

Travelers affected by these restrictions, who plan to travel to the United States for a longer term, are invited to consult the website of the United States Embassy before booking their flight ticket (https: // fr. Maintenance/ to stay informed of changes in progress.

3. VWP restrictions

The slightest overshooting of the time limit under the VWP during a previous trip to the United States results in immediate expulsion of the territory and, in general, the ban on re-entering American soil for a period which may be several years.

It does not allow the exercise of a professional activity (paid or not). Indeed, all French people wishing to work must have a visa from France authorizing them to hold a defined job.

The American immigration services are very vigilant with regard to the application of regulations which prohibit the exercise of a professional activity, whether gainful or not. It is therefore strongly recommended that French nationals entering the United States for tourist or linguistic purposes avoid to bring or carry anything that could create a misunderstanding or a suspicion on the reasons for their stay, and which could suggest that they come for another purpose than that stated.

The VWP does not in any case allow you to register as a student, under penalty of administrative retention before the visa expires. The questionnaires to be completed before entering the United States must be completed with precision.

Any violation of the legislation in force exposes the perpetrator to expulsion and a ban on access to American territory for several years.

It does not allow a change of status on the spot (example: obtaining a visa to pursue studies or exercise a professional activity).

Stay with visa

A traveler who is not strictly within the framework of the VWP or who has not been able to obtain the ESTA must apply for a visa.

In the United States, the family that can accompany a visa holder is understood only as the married spouse and the unmarried children. De facto spouses, including civil partnerships, are not recognized by the American immigration services and must either travel within the framework of the VWP under the conditions mentioned above, or apply for a visa which will be dealt with individually. An exception exists only for same-sex partners of holders of A or G visas.

The French must therefore obtain a visa from the American consular authorities to go to the United States:

• for a transit or a stay of less than 90 days if you do not have the type of passport required under the VWP;

• for a stay longer than 90 days;

• for stays the object of which is neither tourism nor business, but corresponds to the exercise of a professional activity, an internship or studies.

NB : a medical examination is compulsory for foreigners applying for a long-stay visa in the United States. Anyone with a contagious disease that poses a threat to public health can be refused a visa.


According to US law, the validity of a foreign national’s passport must cover a period of six months beyond the date scheduled for departure from the United States.

Pursuant to this law, the United States has signed agreements with countries, including France, under which their nationals are exempt from the 6-month obligation and must only present a valid passport covering the duration of their stay in the United States. United States. (

However, to avoid any complications, it is advisable, as a precaution, to have a passport with a validity of at least 6 months on the date scheduled for his departure from the United States, even for holders of long-term visas valid duration: large fines have already been noted (over 500 USD).

Do not joke with officers from CBP (Customs and Border Protection) or the police. Words, attitudes or jokes that may seem innocuous in some countries can lead to immediate arrest and legal action in the United States.

Refusal of admission or visa

In case of refusal of admission or visa, the Department of Homeland Security invites travelers who feel that they have been treated unfairly to lodge a complaint online on the DHS website (TRIP procedure: Travelers Redress Inquiry Program, in English).

Customs regulations

Amounts over USD 10,000 must be declared to customs.

American customs are very vigilant on food products: entry with non-sterilized products (such as cheese or cold meats) or green plants is strictly prohibited.

( / in English).

As the constraints linked to the possession of a pet are rigorous, it is preferable to consult the Embassy of the United States of America before any plan to travel or stay accompanied by a pet.


For more information: (in English)


Abe outlines plans to combat the new coronavirus

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe presented his government’s plans to combat the new coronavirus. He discussed a recently enacted law that allows him to declare a state of emergency if necessary.

Abe said, “This legislation needs to prepare for emergencies. When the administration decides whether to declare a state of emergency, this would put the various private rights under control. It will seek advice from experts in making the decision carefully. Currently, the number of infections are still on the rise. However, the speed increase is slower than in other countries where the speed of infection is accelerating. Given the situation, there is no need to declare a state of emergency now. “

An emergency declaration would allow prefectural governors to order schools to close and people to stay home.

It would also allow governors to request land and buildings for emergency medical facilities without the owners’ consent.

Two weeks have passed since Abe asked elementary and high schools to temporarily close.
He said students should be allowed out to exercise and relieve stress.

Abe said, “Schools are planning to hold graduation ceremonies. I wish they would do the ceremonies by implementing security measures.”

The prime minister referred to the impact of the pandemic on the Japanese economy and global markets.
He said he will take all necessary measures to bring the country’s economy back on a path of steady growth once the epidemic is contained.

Abe also promised to increase the ability to conduct tests for the virus.

Abe said: “Up to 8,000 people are expected to be tested in one day by this month. With these tests, so-called cluster infections will be detected and responded to in advance, and the diagnosis will be available soon to prevent serious cases.” .

He said the government has guaranteed more than 12,000 beds for patients in hospitals across the country that can treat infectious diseases.

He added that the number of artificial respirators to treat patients in serious conditions will increase.

Abe also mentioned the cruise ship that was docked near Tokyo.

Abe said: “On the Diamond Princess cruise ship, the quarantine of all crews and passengers is expected to end tomorrow. The battle against the invisible virus inside the ship whose total number of people on board was greater than 3,700 was an unprecedented, extremely difficult mission, but we have finished the quarantine for everyone “.

Abe said he wants Tokyo to host this summer’s Olympics and Paralympics, as scheduled, working closely with the IOC and other organizations.


20% of the evacuees returned to live around the plant

Bring back the inhabitants and resume a normal life around the Fukushima Daiichi power plant, which was damaged after the tsunami of March 11, 2011, nine years ago. The tidal wave had caused one of the most serious nuclear accidents in history. However, the return of the populations is not a great success. According to an IRSN summary note (Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety), which is based on Japanese statistics, about 20% of the 95,000 people evacuated from the exclusion zone installed around the power plant returned to the cities of Fukushima prefecture on December 31, 2019. According to this document, in the four cities closest to the damaged nuclear reactors, the return percentage is at best 8% in Tomioka, 6% in Namie, 2% in Okuma and 0% in Futaba. The nuclear power plant was located on the seafront between the latter two municipalities. “It is mainly people over the age of 70 who returned”, explains Jean-Christophe Gariel, Deputy Director General of Health and the Environment at IRSN.

And he considers, personally, that new residents, in particular workers who will go to work to clean up the damaged power plant, will come to settle near the Daiichi site.

Mitate to study the return of populations

However, it is some 160,000 people who, in total, were evacuated, recalls in ReleaseCecile Asanuma-Brice, a CNRS researcher in Japan and co-responsible for a five-year program called Mitate, which brings together CEA (French Atomic Energy Commission), CNRS and Nihon University in Tokyo. It’s about a “Franco-Japanese bilateral cooperation”, specified last December, the researcher, who specializes in urban planning. “We had to delay the official launch of the Mitate laboratory which was to be officially launched at the end of March. This program, which will bring together 30 researchers, has only a seed fund of 15,000 euros per year for five years from the CNRS. It must in particular study the possible return of the populations, which requires additional funding which must be found with our Japanese partners ”, explains Olivier Evrard, the other French co-manager of Mitate, a researcher at the Laboratory of Climate and Environmental Sciences at CEA-CNRS and Paris-Saclay University. The latter is no longer welcome in Japan, “Because of the coronavirus epidemic that affects France”. It can therefore no longer carry out its measurements on radioactivity in the environment.

Clean up Futaba and Okuma stations

However, Japan continues to try to normalize the situation in Fukushima Prefecture. Futaba and Okuma stations are being rebuilt, and a cleanup of hot spots, hotspots created by radioactive fallout, are underway in these cities polluted by radioactivity. These areas are to be crossed by the Olympic flame, in preparation for the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games, starting on March 26. Toshiro Muto, director of Tokyo 2020, said that adjustments could be made due to the coronavirus epidemic. Already, less than a quarter of the journalists initially accredited for the lighting of the flame have finally been authorized. The number of spectators was also greatly reduced.

The symbol of the Olympic flame

Anyway, the flame was to leave on March 26 from J-Village, a luxurious training center funded by Tepco, the former operator of the Fukushima Daiichi power station, located 20 km away. To cross the most contaminated area, the flame had to be taken on board the Joban train which runs along the coast and notably pass through the cities of Futaba and Okuma.

Even though life has obviously not returned to normal, research continues. The Amorad program on the consequences of a release of radioactive substances into the environment, piloted by IRSN since 2013 and which brings together 13 partners including 5 French universities and a Japanese, has been extended from 2020 to 2022. A financial extension of 240,000 euros has was provided by future investment projects, via the ANR. In total, the partners are expected to spend some € 20 million on the program.

The cesium problem on forests

Studies are continuing, particularly on the fallout in the ocean. But the forests which cover approximately 75% of the area of ​​the prefecture of Fukushima will remain at high radioactive levels for at least 300 years, because of the significant fallout of cesium in the air, in particular cesium 137 whose period of decay radioactive is 30 years old. In total, the atmospheric releases to air of this element were three times lower than those of the Chernobyl accident and 15 times less significant than the total of radioactive releases from atmospheric tests of atomic bombs.

Nevertheless, the region still suffers from an image problem, despite the efforts of the Japanese authorities. The prices of food products from Fukushima prefecture are discounted: around 5% for rice, 10% for beef and 20% for fruits such as peaches.