Dismissed from the position of Director General of P2P of the Ministry of Health, Achmad Yurianto Now Got a New Position from Terawan, The Minister Touches On Current Situation – All Pages

Government spokesman regarding the corona virus Achmad Yurianto.

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Government spokesman regarding the corona virus Achmad Yurianto.

Gridhot.ID – News new came from the Ministry of Health.

After all this time, Achmad Yurianto is now reportedly no longer holding department as Director General of P2P.

Reported by the Director General of Disease Prevention and Control Achmad Yurianto officially dismissed as Director General of Disease Prevention and Control (P2P) Ministry Health on Friday (23/10/2020).

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As a replacement, Health Minister Terawan Agus Putranto officially appointed Yurianto to become the Expert Staff to the Minister of Health for Health Technology and Globalization on Friday.

Reporting from the press release of the Ministry of Health on Friday, the basis for the inauguration was Presidential Decree Number 155 / TPA of 2020 concerning Dismissal and Appointment of and in Middle High Leaders within the Ministry of Health.

In his remarks, the Minister of Health emphasized that job rotation is a common thing in the organizational sphere.

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This is done solely as an effort to reform and consolidate the organization in order to improve performance in order to achieve maximum service.

“This appointment should be interpreted as an organizational interest, not just the placement of office figures at the departmental level and certain interests,” said Terawan.

“Organizational reform and strengthening are carried out in order to improve performance and maximum implementation of duties and services,” he continued.

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For Yurianto’s new assignment, Terawan hopes that the trust entrusted can be carried out as well as possible with a strong sense of responsibility and commitment.

The Minister of Health also requested that all the good performances that have been made during his tenure as Director General of Disease Prevention and Control can be continued in order to improve the organizational performance of the Ministry of Health.

Especially in the current pandemic era, Terawan requested that this situation be a momentum for Yurianto through his new position to continue to innovate in order to provide easy access for the public to health services, especially digital services.

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“I express my highest appreciation and gratitude for your dedication so far in carrying out your duties as Director General of P2P well and I hope that the experience so far can be useful in carrying out assignments in a new place,” said Terawan.

This article was published on Cash with the title Achmad Yurianto was officially dismissed from his position as Director General of P2P of the Ministry of Health.


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The number of people infected with coronavirus in the world reached 38 million :: Society :: RBC

The number of people infected rose by 1 million in less than four days. The US, Brazil and India remain the leaders in confirmed cases

Photo: Pavel Lisitsyn / RIA Novosti

Since the beginning of the pandemic, more than 38 million people have been infected with the coronavirus worldwide. should from Johns Hopkins University data.

The largest number of infections was recorded in the United States (7.85 million), India (7.17 million) and Brazil (5.1 million). Russia ranks fourth in the world in terms of the number of people infected – in the country, the coronavirus was confirmed in 1.31 million people.

The number of cases of coronavirus in the world increased 1 million in less than four days: The 37 million mark was passed on October 10. For 10 million cases has grown in just over a month.

The number of deaths from coronavirus in the world has exceeded 1.084 million. Most people have died from the disease in the United States – 215 thousand people. Brazil (150.6 thousand) and India (109.8 thousand) are next in the list.


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WHO data showed a record increase in COVID cases in the world for a week :: Society :: RBC

Over the past week, more than 2.2 million people were infected with the coronavirus in the world, which became a record for the entire time of a pandemic. At the same time, the number of deaths over the same period decreased compared to the previous week.

Фото: Emanuele Cremaschi / Getty Images

Over the past week (October 5-11), the number of COVID-19 coronavirus infections in the world increased by more than 2.2 million.This is a record figure for the entire pandemic. should from data from the World Health Organization (WHO).







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Compared to the previous week, the number of cases increased by 208.5 thousand, which is 10.09% higher than earlier figures. However, the number of deaths over this period, on the contrary, decreased by 0.24%. From September 28 to October 4, 39 344 people died from COVID-19, and from October 5 to 11 – 39 249 people.


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In total, according to WHO, since January 2020, 37.4 million people have been infected with the coronavirus, of which more than 1 million have died. The largest number of cases of infection were registered in the United States – 7.6 million, India – 7.12 million, Brazil – 5.1 million and Russia – 1.3 million, according to WHO.

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In Krasnoyarsk, a criminal case was opened over a fuel spill in the Angara :: Society :: RBC

Photo: Alexander Liskin / Global Look Press

Investigators opened a criminal case over the spill of diesel fuel into the Angara River. About it reported on the website of the West Siberian Transport Investigation Department of the UK.

The case was initiated under Part 1 of Art. 247 of the Criminal Code (violation of the rules for the circulation of environmentally hazardous substances and waste).

According to the investigation, the fuel spill occurred on October 2 in the area of ​​196 km from the city of Kodinsk, Kezhemsky District of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, during the movement of a transportation barge owned by Priangarskiy LPK LLC. It was established that the fuel spilled due to the rupture of a tank on board the barge. As a result, the threat of causing significant harm to health and the environment was created.

At present, investigators are examining the scene of the incident, conducting searches in the organization, and also interrogating members of the ship’s crew and the management staff of Priangarskiy LPK LLC.

October 9 due to the oil spill in the Angara on the territory of the Kezhemsky district, the local administration introduced emergency mode.

As the representative of the Unified Duty Dispatch Service (EDDS) reported, the incident occurred when the barge was rocking. As a result, about half a ton of fuel spilled. Cleaning of oil products was carried out using a sorbent.

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Governor of Altai Territory infected with COVID-19 :: Society :: RBC

Viktor Tomenko switched to a remote work format and is being treated on an outpatient basis. In June, the governor already went into self-isolation due to the coronavirus detected in the employees of his administration

Victor Tomenko

(Photo: Kirill Kukhmar / TASS)

Governor of the Altai Territory Viktor Tomenko fell ill with coronavirus infection, transfers press service of the regional government.

Tomenko’s COVID-19 test showed a positive result, in connection with which he switched to a remote mode of operation. Now the head of the region is at home, where he undergoes outpatient treatment.

“Governor Viktor Tomenko is constantly in touch with members of the government and heads of all regional authorities. Events with his personal participation have been canceled for the next 10-14 days, ”the message says.


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The head of the region appealed to residents with an appeal to comply with sanitary safety measures and the prevention of coronavirus. Earlier, in June, Tomenko already self-isolated for a week, after several employees of the regional administration were diagnosed with COVID-19.

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Belarusians took $ 1 billion from banks in August :: Finance :: RBC

Since August 9, protests of those who disagree with the results of the presidential elections have continued in Belarus. But against the background of the political crisis, the population was actively withdrawing funds from banks, and also buying foreign currency in cash. According to the National Bank, in August, net purchases of foreign currency by the population amounted to $ 622 million against $ 874 million in the previous seven months.

How the behavior of Belarusian depositors affects banks

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In August, many Belarusian credit institutions imposed restrictions on withdrawing funds from accounts and buying foreign currency – local media reported about queues at ATMs and currency exchange offices. Banks also suspended the issuance of certain types of loans to the population and imposed restrictions on cash withdrawals and transfers from credit cards. By the first week of September, rates on short irrevocable deposits, from which funds cannot be withdrawn early, overcame the bar of 15%, and in some banks exceeded 20% per annum.


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According to Fitch’s estimates, at the end of the first half of 2020, up to 60% of the liabilities of Belarusian banks were in customer deposits. Moreover, 63% of the total volume of client funds are foreign currency deposits and accounts (approximately $ 11.6 billion). The National Bank as a whole can satisfy the demand of credit institutions for ruble liquidity, but the ability to supply banks with foreign exchange is limited by “modest reserves,” analysts stressed in their August 28 survey.


Moody’s pointed to risks for banks in Belarus due to withdrawal of deposits


Photo: Valery Sharifulin / TASS

On September 11, the S&P agency downgraded the outlook on the sovereign ratings of Belarus to negative. The reason for the revision was the increasing risks to the financial stability of the banking system. As analysts noted, the acceleration of the outflow of funds from banks with the subsequent conversion of these savings into foreign currency could lead to a rapid depletion of the National Bank’s foreign exchange reserves. In August alone, the foreign exchange reserves of the Belarusian regulator fell by 15%, or $ 1.4 billion. If the trend continues, the Belarusian government will face a choice: to satisfy the demand for foreign currency within the country or to isolate the reserves of the National Bank in order to use it for its own purposes. The second option could undermine the stability of the banking system, S&P experts warn.

Will the Belarusian regulator be able to stabilize the situation?

There is no need to overly dramatize the scale of the outflow of savings from Belarusian banks, says Ivan Uklein, director of the credit institutions ratings department at Expert RA: “Two-thirds of the total amount of funds withdrawn went from current accounts, and not from time deposits. This is a largely predictable and normal situation. That is, there are no unpredictable risks for the National Bank of Belarus. “

September 14 National Bank of Belarus extended measures that were taken at the end of August to reduce pressure on the foreign exchange market. Until October 13, inclusive, the regulator will not conduct permanently available operations to support and withdraw liquidity for banks – instead, liquidity will be provided to the sector through auctions. Auction transactions allow banks to further conduct bilateral transactions.

“Bidding at auctions has certain limits, in contrast to direct refinancing at the request of banks. In addition, the volume offered by the National Bank is distributed on a competitive basis, depending on the rates offered, ”explains Uklein. According to him, this approach allows to solve two problems: to avoid speculation on the part of banks, which could channel the obtained liquidity to Forex transactions and influence the exchange rate, as well as to solve liquidity problems of specific players. At the same time, the analyst does not exclude that the National Bank’s policy may be aimed at ensuring that market participants with parent structures abroad increase fundraising through this channel.


Reuters learned about Mishustin’s request to support the banks of Belarus


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The regulator’s policy may lead to stabilization of the situation, believes Svetlana Pavlova, junior vice president of Moody’s. According to her estimates, in September the outflow of depositors’ funds from banks may be less than the indicators of August. “At the end of last week, rates on the interbank market went down (from a peak level of 25%), which signals a decrease in the liquidity deficit. Also in September the rate of the Belarusian ruble is still stable – and even slightly strengthened, ”the analyst emphasizes. At the same time, Moody’s does not exclude that with the aggravation of the political situation in Belarus, the banking sector may face a new raid of depositors.

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Details of sanctions against Belarus revealed in the USA :: Politics :: RBC

The United States is in contact with the EU on expanding sanctions against Belarus, First Deputy Secretary of State Stephen Bigan said at a briefing. Blacklisted names will be announced shortly

Stephen Bigan

(Фото: Chung Sung-jun / AP)

The Belarusian authorities use violence against the opposition and illegally detain citizens, including the US citizen Vitaly Shklyarov, said on Friday, September 11, First Deputy Secretary of State Stephen Bigan. He called on the authorities in Minsk to release the prisoners and hold new elections, as the Belarusian people want, according to the official.

At the same time, Bigan added that the United States plans to expand the sanctions list and will announce concrete steps in this direction in the near future. “In addition to these 16 individuals, we and the European Union are exchanging information regarding the addition of new names. [в черный список]that we will be ready to announce in the near future, ”Bigan said during a telephone briefing with reporters. The Deputy Secretary of State clarified that the list of personal sanctions will be determined within the “next few days.”


Protests after the presidential elections in Belarus. the main thing


Photo: Vasily Fedosenko / Reuters

The State Department does not exclude that in the future the United States may impose more ambitious sanctions against Belarus. “Initially, we are exploring the possibility of introducing targeted sanctions against those most responsible for the circumstances surrounding the violence and the organization of elections. [9 августа]”- said Bigan, specifying that they will be deprived of the opportunity to enter the United States and access to property in this country.

“With regard to sectoral or company sanctions, <...> then as the situation develops, additional measures will be considered, ”added a State Department official, answering a question from one of the journalists. At the same time, Bigan emphasized that the United States does not want to introduce restrictions that would have undesirable consequences for ordinary Belarusians.

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WHO announced plans to achieve complete phase-out of trans fats by 2023 :: Society :: RBC

Tedros Adan Gebreyesus

(Фото: Naohiko Hatta / Getty Images)

The World Health Organization (WHO) plans to ensure that companies completely eliminate the use of spenders in food production by 2023. This was announced by the director general of the organization Tedros Adan Ghebreyesus, reports TASS.

“At a time when the whole world is fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, we must do our best to protect human health. This includes taking all possible measures to prevent noncommunicable diseases, ”he said.

According to the WHO, the consumption of trans fatty acids produced by the industry is the cause of death of about half a million people due to the development of cardiovascular diseases. In this regard, the organization approves the decision of 58 countries that have adopted laws on their territories that will allow 3.2 billion people to be protected from pests by the end of 2021.

However, WHO recommends more than 100 other countries to start addressing the issue of trans fats in foods. Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Egypt, India, Iran, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, Republic of Korea and Ecuador were among such countries that need to take urgent measures to reduce harmful substances in the diet of citizens.

At the same time, the organization clarifies that measures to reduce the use of trans fats were taken by those countries that have a high per capita income. And so far no low-income country has followed suit.

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Covid-19: what do we know today about the transmission of the virus by aerosols in confined spaces?

Question asked by BARALE on 08/22/2020

Hello,

The start of the school year is masked, In the enterprises as in classrooms. Before these decisions were made, one could read, in Libé on August 14, a forum of a collective of “health professionals” (“Covid-19: the risk exists in all enclosed places, in classrooms as well as in offices”) : “We affirm it without ambiguity: Sars-CoV-2 is transmitted through the air and does not make the mask compulsory in classrooms or amphitheatres, in open spaces, meeting rooms, workshops and shared offices does not comply with science and WHO data. ”

In the light of these very affirmative lines, you ask us about the state of science about the transmission of the virus in the air. There is in fact no consensus on the circulation of Covid-19, from one individual to another in the general population, via “aerosols”, these microdroplets which remain in suspension and which could be vectors of active virus. and infectious.

Two doctors, authors of the forum, recognize from CheckNews that the wording “without ambiguity: Sars-CoV-2 is transmitted through the air ” is not ideal. But that it responds to a precautionary principle: there is a risk that airborne transmission exists, including outside hospitals or laboratories (where it has been documented).

You also asked us Is wearing a mask outside useful?

Warning from scientists

At the beginning of july, 239 scientists from 30 countries warn about the aerosol distribution of the virus. Addressing international health institutions (including the WHO) and national, they recommend great vigilance regarding the transmission of the virus by microdroplets: “Of course, aerosol transmission of Sars-CoV-2 is not yet universally recognized; but, according to our collective assessment, there is sufficient evidence that the precautionary principle should apply. In order to control the pandemic, while waiting for the possibility of vaccination, all transmission routes must be cut off. ”

Several articles or forums have been devoted to the impact of this publication on the authorities (in French, in English). In France, the Director General of Health, Jérôme Salomon, approached the High Council for Public Health. The HCSP had already expressed itself on the subject in a notice published on April 8 (and to a lesser extent in a notice published on April 24).

In this April text, we read in particular: “Aerosol transmission is biologically plausible when (1) infectious aerosols are generated by or from an infectious person, (2) the pathogen remains viable in the environment for a period of time, and (3) tissues targets in which the pathogen initiates infection are accessible by aerosol. […] For Sars-CoV, the level of evidence for aerosol transmission indicates that the evidence for conditions 1 and 3 is moderate and strong for condition 2. “

CheckNews also made a point on the state of science regarding aerosolization at the beginning of April. In an article published in May on the circulation (or not) of the new coronavirus in air conditioning, we also wrote: “Although it is possible for smaller virus particles to remain suspended in the air (this is called an aerosol), an infection requires that a sufficiently large number of active copies of the virus enter the body: this is the infectious dose. In the vast majority of situations, wind, drafts and ventilation reduce the concentration of viruses in the air, which significantly lowers the risk of infection. On the other hand, a greater risk seems to exist in intensive care situations, in premises where caregivers remove their protection and in hospital toilets. “

Opinion of the High Council for Public Health

After a request from the DGS, the HCSP therefore produced a new opinion, dated July 23: “Sars-CoV-2: updating of knowledge on the transmission of the virus by aerosols.” Conclusion ? “The HCSP considers that after updating the data in the literature, airborne transmission of the Sars-CoV-2 virus should be considered in enclosed spaces, in particular poorly ventilated and insufficiently ventilated, and in outdoor gatherings.” And to urge the public to wear a mask “In all enclosed public and private collective places as well as in the event of a gathering with a high density of people outdoors in order to limit the emission of respiratory particles.”

More specifically, the High Council cites several scientific studies published in recent weeks on the subject. One, published in early April in Nature concludes that “Aerosol transmission is a potential mode of transmission of coronaviruses, such as influenza and rhinoviruses.” The results ofanother, published in June 2020 from laboratory experiments, suggest that the“Infectivity and virionic integrity [du Sars-CoV-2] can be kept for up to 16 hours in aerosols of a breathable size ”.

The HCSP also refers to a literature review produced by the Canadian National Collaborating Center for Environmental Health (funded by the Public Health Agency of Canada) regarding “Risks and precautions associated with Covid-19” as part of choral singing. The CCNSEA notes in particular that “More and more, it is believed that transmission by small droplets or by aerosols produced during speaking, singing, shouting or breathing is a major route of contagion. […] Aerosol transmission could occur in contexts where particles accumulate in closed, unventilated rooms where many people are gathered for a long period ”. In the opinion of the HCSP, some case studies follow which have “Describes the occurrence of contamination by the Sars-CoV-2 virus of people gathered in confined spaces”.

In the laboratory, in the hospital, in general

In this opinion, the HCSP therefore identifies studies that point in the same direction: airborne transmission of Sars-CoV-2 is possible. But it is not possible in the same proportions, depending on the situation.

Thus, the High Council writes “take into account” two elements. First, the open letter from scientists mentioned at the beginning of the article. Didier Lepelletier, co-chair of the HCSP Covid-19 permanent working group, points out that this letter was written by physicists, “Who believe that the dichotomy between droplet and microdroplet [aérosol] is irrelevant, for them everything is aerosol ”. What’s more, continues the head of the Bacteriology – Hospital Hygiene Department of the Nantes University Hospital: these physicists “Are based on models, for example in the laboratory, which for some have suggested that the virus could circulate in the form of aerosols”.

Second element considered by the HCSP for its opinion this summer: a position statement from the beginning of July from the WHO. It is fully readable (and in English), or in summary form (in English), tells us the World Health Organization.

“Is the virus spread by aerosols?” wonders the WHO, which distinguishes two cases. On the one hand, in a healthcare setting: “Some medical procedures can produce very small droplets that can stay airborne for longer periods. [par exemple une intubation ou une extubation]. When such medical procedures are performed on people infected with Covid-19 in healthcare facilities, these aerosols may contain the Covid-19 virus. These aerosols can potentially be inhaled by other people if they are not wearing the appropriate personal protective equipment. ”

Another scenario, in the general population (excluding hospitals): “Cases of Covid-19 have been reported in some closed places, such as restaurants, nightclubs, places of worship or workplaces where people can shout, talk or sing. In these cases, aerosol transmission, especially in those closed places where there are overcrowded and insufficiently ventilated spaces where infected people spend long periods with other people, cannot be excluded. ” And the WHO to insist (like the HCSP): “Further studies are urgently needed to study these cases and assess their importance for the transmission of Covid-19.”

Less contagious than chickenpox

“There is never only one mode of transmission of a virus, recalls Didier Lepelletier, but there is always a preferential mode. “ It can be hand-carried, or aerial for example. And among the modes of aerial transmission, there are therefore, schematically, droplets and aerosols. In the current state of knowledge (and for several weeks), “Droplets are a preferential mode of transmission over aerosols”, observes the member of the HCSP.

Several scientists contacted believe that if aerosols were the main vector of Sars-CoV-2, the R0 (initial reproduction number) would be much higher. As it is, for example, for pulmonary tuberculosis or chickenpox (which are transmitted by aerosol). Whose R0 fluctuates around 10 (much more than for Covid-19).

In a recent study published in the British Medical Journal, the authors find that the risk that a person without symptoms (but who can, for example, emit aerosols just by breathing or talking) contaminates those around them depends on the density of people, their activity and ventilation. This is in line with what the High Council expressed in its opinion of 23 July, according to which “Three favorable conditions are to be remembered concerning the transmission of the virus: the conditions of ventilation and air flow; atmospheric conditions (low temperature, humidity); physical activities and efforts practiced in confined spaces ”.

It should be noted that neither the HCSP, nor the WHO (nor the signatories of the forum cited above) explicitly recommend wearing a mask outside of these situations (for example in general, in the street). Still, specialists in these subjects would like to see studies develop to better understand the modes of transmission of this virus.

In summary : aerosols do not appear to be the preferred mode of transmission on Sars-CoV-2. However, certain observations in hospitals or in laboratories suggest that there may be airborne transmission, without there being a consensus on the risk or the probability of it occurring. In the general population, there is no proof or scientific measurement of the risk of airborne transmission, but this risk is probable according to the scientific community, and it is all the more important in poorly ventilated environments or outdoors in the event of large gatherings. Hence an incentive, under these conditions, to wear the mask in a closed environment, under the precautionary principle.


Fabien Leboucq

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Mali: ‘military junta for three years’ – Ultima Ora

(ANSA) – BAMAKO, AUG 24 – The military junta that took power in Mali has proposed a three-year transition under the leadership of a soldier, and said it was ready to release former president Ibrahim Bubacar Keita, arrested on Tuesday during a coup. This was reported by sources from Ecowas (the organization of West African States) and the junta itself. The hypothesis was put forward at the end of the second day of negotiations between the coup leaders and the Organization, which will continue today. “We managed to reach agreement on some points but not on all points of discussion,” said Ecowas’ head of delegation, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan.

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