Finally, the time has come to the conclusion. In the more than 5 000 municipalities concerned, the voters will vote Sunday, June 28, for the second round of municipal elections, three and a half months after the first. And, it is feared, in the indifference of the majority of the voters. Because these elections, the longest of the Ve Republic, will remain primarily as possessors of a sad record, that of abstention : 55,34 % in the first round, and projections are no more optimistic for the second.
The exceptional circumstances of the health crisis, explain obviously the essence of this historical figure. The campaign of the first round has not existed, between the pension reform and the arrival of the Covid-19. The second is stuck between the end of the health crisis, the economic crisis and the summer holidays.
→ FIND the 28th of June the results of the second round of the municipal elections 2020 city-by-city
“This campaign has never known to rise in terms of interest “, summarizes Frédéric Dabi, deputy director general of the polling institute Ifop. “A campaign, normally, it is électrise in the last line. There, it remains soft, despite the suspense and confrontations enticing in some cities. “ The period between the two rounds, also, has, without doubt is dropping a part of the voters. “We do not see the end, it’s a bit of a Desert of the Tartars Dino Buzzati “, says Frédéric Dabi.
Same-side teams in the country, the exhaustion dominates. “Everybody is exhausted, for some it’s been almost a year that the race has started. This whole period has been very weird and hard enough “, tells the story of a member of the camp environmentalist in Paris, yet on the verge of winning the city alongside Anne Hidalgo. “And yet, we’re not about to blow, because after the election there will be all of the device installation of the new majority “, anticipate the same with apprehension.
→ TO READ. Municipal 2020 : less voice, less weight ?
A weariness that candidates found on the ground on the side of the voters. “With the déconfinement, there is at people a desire to carelessness, and not necessarily talking about politics “recognizes Anne-Laurence Petel, candidate of the Republic in The Market (LREM) in Aix-en-Provence. “One still meets people who are not aware that we vote on Sunday… “
The candidate of the Archipelago citizen to the city of Toulouse, Antoine Maurice, was traveling across the city centre, surrounded by his supporters, the 23 June. / Matthieu Rondel/Hans Lucas via AFP
“I understand very well that we might not have the head to this “, insists Marie-Claire Carrère-Ironment, candidate of the Republicans at the town hall of the 14e arrondissement of Paris. “Some have been affected by the pandemic, others are concerned for their professional future. As soon as the date of the second round has been known, I have also written to local residents to tell them that it was important to vote in spite of everything, because the stakes for the next six years are huge. “
“It is time that cities can act “
In the Face of an audience somewhat playful and in respect of the gestures barriers, it was therefore necessary to campaign, raise the machine to grind to a halt by the containment. In the words of the candidates, it’s not so bad past. “There has been a form of prudence and modesty in the first few days of the campaign, but now the people accept these new rules of the game “, provides Marie-Claire Carrère-Ironment. The candidate LREM in Besançon Eric Alauzet has benefited from this long between the two towers to revisit its program “not to change the cap, but to deepen it, giving him more power and consistency “, he explains.
→ TO READ. Municipal 2020 : the challenges of the second round
Others have on the contrary their frustration : “While the health crisis has made us understand the essential character of the social bond and human touch, this is precisely where we have been hampered during this last phase of campaign, regrets Xavier Bouvet, candidate of the left and of environmentalists to Metz. This lack of contact prevents the deployment of a political project. However, it is very good that the election can take place, this allows us to plan and to overcome the test. All of this is made up of paradoxes. “
And if a part of the electorate has still not digested the maintenance of the first round or the choice of the date of the second, the candidates themselves seem to want to end the controversy. “It is not necessary to redo the story, we did the best with the information we had “group Anne-Laurence Petel. “It is necessary that our fellow citizens know that as long as the election has not taken place, 90 % of urban areas are blocked, so there is no recovery possibleabounds Nicolas Mayer-Rossignol, the candidate of the left in Rouen. It is time that this election, in ending, allow cities to act. “
Results are little altered by the crisis
A point of view shared by some citizens, among the most invested in this election. At 26 years old, Adele makes a round trip between Brittany and Paris in the middle of his vacation to go to the polls, and even working as an assessor in a voting of 11e district.
“In the first round, I understand the reluctance because there was a form of injunction contradiction between the fact of leaving home to go to vote and the containment which was announced, but there is no reason not to go there ! This is very important, because we have seen that councils were in the first line in the management of the health crisis, and it will be the same in the case of a second-wave “, argues the young woman.
Better late than never so, and the mayors and their municipal councils, legitimately elected, will be able to get to work early in the month of July. The results themselves do not appear to have been altered by the crisis. The pollster Frédéric Dabi in fact observe that “despite the circumstances and forbearance, the main trends provided by the surveys were carried out : a high premium on the outbound, rebound of the parties of the “old world”, LREM to the penalty… “
In sum, local democracy, in new circumstances, will work as well as they could. And yet, it will come out “degraded “says the political scientist Romain Pasquier. “The question of democracy is placed after the health issue, which was understandable, and she spends far after the economic question “complains the teacher at Sciences-Po Rennes, which accuses the government of having wished to “getting rid of elections “.
“This is an additional stone in the garden of the affadissement-general of the local democracy “, stabbed-he said, recalling that, in addition to the exceptional circumstances of this year, the participation will be eroded since a long time at each local election. Only way to lighten this gloomy picture : a burst of participation of the French on Sunday. That could in addition, after the high abstention rate in the first round, lead to surprises.
The key points of the second round
A “green wave” to confirm. In addition to the re-election, almost acquired, Eric Piolle in Grenoble, france, EELV is in a good position in several cities : Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Tours, Besançon or Annecy.
LREM, avoid the fiasco. In big trouble in the first round and forced into alliances with the right, the “walkers” can hope to console themselves by winning Strasbourg, and Bordeaux behind the head of the list LR.
In RN, to save the appearances. Despite re-election in the first round in most of its cities, the RN will be little new conquests to celebrate. The gain of Agen, Moissac or Carpentras would improve this balance.
The Republicans in the discomfort. The right is threatened in Marseille and Toulouse. The loss of these major cities would erase a little of the good results of the first round, despite possible wins at Biarritz, Aurillac or Champigny-sur-Marne.
The socialist Party, the elections of the rebound. The PS should retain Paris, as well as Nantes, Rennes, Brest or Dijon. It could conquer Montpellier, Nancy or Saint-Denis.
The communists are threatened in several bastions : Ivry-sur-Seine, Aubervilliers, Saint-Denis, or Arles. The PCF can hope for new victories in Sète and Bobigny.