Here’s How to Prevent and Overcome When Someone Experiencing Happy Hypoxia

Merdeka.com – One of the health problems that are currently being discussed is Happy Hypoxia. This problem is one of the symptoms experienced by COVID-19 patients.

Erlina Burhan, a pulmonary specialist in the Infection Division of the Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, University of Indonesia (UI), revealed the symptoms of Happy Hypoxia that need to be known.

According to him, Happy Hypoxia is a decrease in oxygen levels in COVID-19 patients that the patient is not aware of. The patient may show a healthy body condition when in fact he is lacking oxygen. Generally, Happy Hypoxia occurs in symptomatic patients.

“It’s rare for a patient without symptoms,” he said in a BNPB press conference on Wednesday (16/9).

Symptoms of Happy Hypoxia that can be experienced by patients are usually characterized by a cough that persists for some time and gets worse, the body feels weak, and the color of the lips and fingertips becomes bluish.

“Don’t wait for tightness because in Happy Hypoxia there are generally no symptoms of tightness,” he said

If you already experience these symptoms, you must immediately be rushed to the hospital, he added. Because the only drug Happy Hypoxia is oxygen.

Happy Hypoxia Prevention

The first thing you can do to prevent Happy Hypoxia, says Erlina, is to know the symptoms.

“Another way is to frequently measure oxygen saturation with pulse oximetry, don’t wait for tightness,” he said.

An even more basic way is to prevent the disease from catching COVID-19. According to him, the way it is very easy to return to 3M is to wear a mask, wash your hands with soap and keep your distance.

Another thing that needs to be done is to increase the immune system. This can be achieved by consuming nutritious foods, getting enough rest, not smoking, taking supplements, and avoiding stress.

Reporter: Ade Nasihudin Al Ansori
Source: Liputan6.com [RWP]

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World Patient Safety Day, Recognize 3 Effects of Drug Side Effects

KOMPAS.com – Safety Day Patient Worldwide or Patient Safety Day commemorated every September 17 every year.

Reporting from the official website of the World Health Organization ( WHO), no one should be harmed in health care.

World Patient Safety Day calls for global solidarity to promote safety patient.

One that is important in patient safety and security is drug side effects.

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This was conveyed by the Chairman of the International Society of Pharmacovigilance (ISoP) Indonesia, Dr. Jarir At Thobari.

In the Patient Safety Day 2020 webinar, which was conducted on Thursday (17/9/2020), Jarir said medicine has two sides.

Medicines not only provide benefits for patients. Medicines can also have risks that can make the patient’s condition worse.

“The risk can happen to everyone and sometimes the risk is much heavier than the disease being treated,” said the academic at the Department of Pharmacology and Therapy, Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM).

He explained that drug side effects are all unwanted reactions, effects, or signs that can harm the patient.

“The scale is detrimental from not being able to eat to fatality,” he added.

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The young man had to wait a day in pain for surgery. He died of blood poisoning

A 26-year-old man with abdominal pain was admitted to the Vsetín Hospital on July 31, 2017. Doctors diagnosed biliary tract obstruction, probably with gallstones. The so-called the first-choice procedure – ERCP, during which the bile ducts are cleared, but they could not be performed in the Vsetín hospital, so the attending physician tried to arrange it at a “higher” workplace.

The next date was the next morning. The young man’s health condition no longer allowed him to be transported, so he died in the afternoon at the Vsetín Hospital. As the Constitutional Court reported, the grandfather fought for justice after his grandson’s death. He filed a criminal complaint on suspicion of being killed through negligence.

After receiving the medical documentation, the police had an expert report prepared, but according to the expert, the hospital acted in accordance with medical procedures and thus did not commit any mistakes. He commented on whether the examinations, and therefore the operation, could not have taken place faster, but concluded that “since these examinations were not feasible at the hospital in Vsetín, their faster implementation was not possible,” the Constitutional Court said.

The police therefore postponed the case on the grounds that no crime had been committed. However, my grandfather did not accept this and had his own expert opinion prepared by a surgical consultant of the Slovak Office for the Supervision of Health Care in Bratislava. He came to the opposite conclusion.

“Due to the unavailability of the first and second choice, it was appropriate to perform a timely surgical intervention with a complete bile duct service directly in the hospital – in which case the patient would have a chance of survival,” the Constitutional Court said. Therefore, the police turned to the expert again, who again came to the conclusion that the doctors of the Vsetín Hospital did not make a mistake.

And because his grandfather failed neither in the district nor in the regional courts, he filed a complaint with the Constitutional Court, which now sided with him and informed the case this week. According to him, the suspected death was not investigated quickly and effectively, on the contrary, the investigation was unreasonably protracted. He also criticized the authorities dealing with the case for not sufficiently clarifying the facts.

“In particular, they uncritically adopted the conclusions of the expert report, although it was internally contradictory, and did not accept the conclusions of the consultant’s expert opinion. Some key issues of criminal proceedings were not clarified at all, as no one even asked them. man in hospital due to a relatively common bile duct disease, alarming, “the Constitutional Court added.

The TN.cz editorial staff also asked the Vsetín Hospital for an opinion. “Above all, it must be said that the death of every patient is a very sad event for us, which deeply affects the nursing staff. In addition, if a young person dies, it is always a tragedy. okay, “said Egon Havrlant, a spokesman for the hospitals in the Zlín region.

“The attending physician telephoned a higher-level workplace at the Zlín hospital, where the procedure was arranged for the next morning. The patient did not show signs of sepsis, there was a sharp deterioration in the afternoon and evening, the patient was unstable for a short time. bile ducts, or to transport him to another medical facility of a higher type. Unfortunately, his condition turned out to be incompatible with life, “Havrlant described the event in 2017.

The Constitutional Court also wondered how it was possible that no one had solved that the hospital was unable to perform the procedure with completely normal and routine health problems and had to rely on a “higher” workplace.

“It is necessary to ask the question of how the management of the Vsetín Hospital handled communication with these” higher workplaces “, because the medical documentation shows that it was the so-called good word,” the Constitutional Court writes. According to him, the communication was probably not effective due to the fact that it was a situation where the patient’s life was seriously endangered.

“Endoscopic surgery (ERCP) with biliary tract remediation is not performed at Vsetínská Hospital and patients who need it are transferred to the workplace in Zlín. performance lasting about one hour, which unfortunately was not realistic in this case, “explains Havrlant.

According to the Constitutional Court, the expert should supplement his opinion with fundamental questions and, in addition, the police should request an audit opinion, given that the expert and the consultant came to completely conflicting conclusions.

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This is the duration of time that Covid-19 patients transmit the virus to others

DENPASARUPDATE.COM – In just a matter of months, Covid-19 has spread in various countries and infected more than 26 million people in the world. This shows that Covid-19 is disease which is contagious.

Patient Covid-19 mild and moderate symptoms are contagious disease to others for up to 10 days from the time symptoms appear, according to the Indian Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

While patient Covid-19 has severe to critical symptoms or has a severe immune disorder which tends to be contagious disease to others up to 20 days after symptoms appear.

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Asymptomatic patients can also be contagious disease up to 10 days from infection. Past than 10 days, patient unable to transmit Covid-19 to others. However, there are some exceptions.


Despite these differences, experts recommend patient Covid-19 to undergo isolation for 14 days. Patients can return to activities if after 14 days of isolation there are no symptoms and have stable oxygen levels.

There are several things to note patient and family members after patient declared cured of Covid-19. As an example, patient Covid-19, which has been discharged from the hospital, still has to undergo independent isolation at home for two weeks.

“(They still have to) monitor oxygen levels, body temperature and heart rate independently,” said consultant and pulmonologist intervention expert from Aster RV Hospital, Dr Pavan Yadav, as reported by the press. Times Now News.

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Covid-19, access to mental health centers up 30 percent

The Covid-19 pandemic has a “hidden” impact, not recorded in the virus positivity bulletins or in intensive care admissions: worries and anxieties connected more or less directly to the virus, from the fear of contagion to work difficulties due to crisis, are hitting the mental health of the population hard. The #insiemeperlasalutementale campaign has just started to talk about it and above all to break down the wall of prejudice towards patients, making them ask for help and not feel alone.

Growing discomfort

Estimates indicate that a difficult autumn is looming from the point of view of mental well-being, in which more than one in two people could suffer from mental disorders. “Before Covid-19 it was estimated that in 2030, that is in less than 10 years, diseases of the mind will overcome cardiovascular diseases becoming the most widespread in the world: considering the enormous increase in cases in this period between pre and post lockdown , it is not excluded that this overtaking may even take place earlier, if it has not already happened, ”he explains Massimo di Giannantonio, president of the Italian Society of Psychiatry. “We have calculated that the mental health services will have 30 percent more patients, or 300,000 new cases that will add up to the 900,000 already treated by the structures; to this is added the always very low propensity for public investment in the field of mental health. Italy, with its 3.2 per cent, remains behind in Europe which has averages above 5 per cent: we have fewer doctors, fewer staff, fewer operators dedicated to this increasingly important sector of public health that today risks the default “.

Information campaign

Experts are therefore calling for investments and greater accessibility to mental health services, but also for more talk of mental illness so that patients are not ashamed to ask for help and do not feel alone. This is why the #insiemeperlasalutementale campaign has just started, with singer Noemi as testimonial: the goal, in view of the World Mental Health Day on 10 October, is to break down a virtual wall of stigma and prejudice through challenges designed for different social networks (the info to participate on the campaign website). “Among mental illnesses, depression is the leading cause of disability, growing in recent decades and even more so following the pandemic and its physical and economic consequences”, he explains Claudio Mencacci, president of the Italian Society of Neuropsychopharmacology (SINPF) and director of the Department of Mental Health of the Fatebenefratelli-Sacco hospital in Milan. “For this reason it is more than ever necessary to raise awareness and information that reaches all health professionals, favoring early diagnosis and intervention especially at the level of general medicine, but above all the entire population, raising awareness in particular categories such as parents and teachers , families and environments at risk. Every initiative, every campaign, every awareness raising action is fundamental: every day is important to break down the wall of indifference ».

13 September 2020 (change 13 September 2020 | 13:24)

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Researchers Reveal Latest Findings: Stomach Pain and Diarrhea Are New Symptoms of Covid-19

PR DEPOK – The Covid-19 pandemic is still a terrible scourge to this day, since it was officially announced to have infected Indonesia since March 2, 2020. The number of sufferers is still showing an increase every day.

Various efforts are being made to deal with the Covid-19 disease which has spread throughout the world. The development of transmission is also increasing, starting from symptoms of fever, flu, cough as common symptoms that cause Covid-19, now symptoms of abdominal pain or diarrhea referred to as one of the symptoms of Covid 19.

Secretary General of the Central Executive of the Indonesian Lung Doctors Association (PP PDPI), dr Erlang Samoedro during a virtual discussion session at Graha BNPB Tuesday, September 8, 2020, explaining the new symptoms of Covid-19 based on the results of analysis of several patient.

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“Usually, the symptoms are fever, cough, runny nose, and now there are symptoms of abdominal pain or pain diarrhea, “Said Dr. Erlang Samoedro, as quoted Pikiranrakyat-Depok.com from RRI.


Furthermore, he appealed to people who have symptoms of abdominal pain or diarrhea to immediately carry out a health check at a local health facility, especially if you have just traveled from the Covid-19 red zone.

Vincent Ho, a senior lecturer and clinical gastroenterologist at Western Sydney University reveals possible symptoms patient Covid-19 from stomach pain or diarrhea.

He said patient Covid-19 is very likely to experience stomach pain or diarrhea, especially for those who already have a history of intestinal disease. When the Covid-19 pandemic enters the human body, the pandemic will attach to a protein receptor called ACE2.

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Ambulance driver raped a patient while transferring her

Great indignation caused in India the rape of a patient with coronavirus when she was taken to the hospital by ambulance.

It happened in the state of Kerala and the driver of the vehicle was arrested.

The authorities reported that the driver picked up two women diagnosed with Covid-19, whom he had to transfer to different medical centers.

After leaving one of the patients in a hospital in Aranmula, the defendant went to a deserted place, where he raped the 19-year-old girl.

According to local media, before leaving the victim at the medical center, the ambulance driver apologized and told him not to tell anything.

Upon arrival at the destination hospital, the woman reported the abuse to the staff of the medical center, who in turn reported the event to the Police.

According to police sources, the victim managed to record part of the conversation with the aggressor.

Local media also reported that, at the time of the rape, there were no other medical workers in the ambulance because the condition of both patients was stable and the nurses accompany the sick only when their lives are in danger.

This is the local protocol to limit the contact of health workers with people infected with COVID-19, explained a representative of the local Department of Health.

After the arrest of the defendant, the Police announced that the man was already facing a charge for attempting to murder since 2019.

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Karine Lacombe: “We should not relive the situation we experienced in March and April”

She is certainly on the lookout, attentive to the rapid evolution of the situation, but we feel Professor Karine Lacombe at ease behind her desk, the window wide open. “We’re ready. And my service is in good shape. ” Nothing to do with the tension of last spring, when we met her then : the head of the infectious diseases department at Saint-Antoine hospital in Paris was then on her guard, sometimes tense. Today, if it weren’t for the threatening letters she continues to receive, everything would be almost fine. Despicable letters: “You big motherfucker, we’re going to screw you up, we know where you live, but first we’ll sodomize you with barbed wire, corrupt, murder, liar, your three children too, see you soon …”. Investigations are obviously open.

“Today, she insists with this measured way she has to analyze the present moment, things have evolved well. Everyone understood the need for masks in confined spaces. I have the feeling that the start of the school year will be clearer, even if we are never immune to surprises. ” Without hesitation, she admits that she did not expect such an early recovery from the Covid. “I thought it would happen a little later, in October rather than September.” For the rest, it confirms what all the experts note: “We knew and we know that the virus continues to circulate, especially among young people. We know that it is not young people who are hospitalized. We know that before the elderly or the frail are affected, there is a time lag. At the same time, these are groups in which barrier gestures are applied rather well. ” And add: “I am confident, we should not relive the situation we experienced in March and April.”

“I am much more concerned about the social and economic impact”

However, Karine Lacombe agrees, the trend for the resumption of the epidemic is real and even seems to be accentuating. “If we have a lot fewer times in hospitalization or intensive care, we still have.” The AP-HP figures are clear. “Today my 9 bed Covid unit is half full.” Then this observation: “I don’t see any real risk of saturation. We have adaptation plans with the general management of the PA, which we review every week. I am not too worried. I am much more concerned about the social and economic impact than about the health impact. ”

For Karine Lacombe, a series of decisive changes in patient care has changed the game. “The treatments have nothing to do with the first wave. We put the patients on corticosteroids, and most do well. In addition, we know which patient to put on anticoagulants to avoid embolism. ” And the techniques are refined: “In our departments, we also know how to put our patients in a prone position without going through the sheave.” The advances do not stop there. “There is a series of very encouraging trials, not with the non-prescribed remdesivir, but with the polyclonal antibodies. We also have antivirals; they don’t cure the patient, but they can make him non-contagious, a bit like with flu treatments. ” In short, the range has greatly expanded.

“We are going to have a lot of Covid babies”

At Saint-Antoine hospital, life has largely regained its course. “It’s an almost normal life, we have played down the Covid, we have an almost classic operation.” The staff ? “Many have experienced post-traumatic stress disorder, she admits. But at the same time, many have resources. They play down, and the team is in good shape. ” In his service, there is no departure. “At home as elsewhere, we will have a lot of Covid babies, conceived during confinement”, she quips. Then, still optimistic: “What we experienced during this spring meant that we forged links with other services. Things are rolling. With the administration too, there is a real change. This has strengthened the ties, and so far it holds. “ There remains the recurring problem of the shortage of personnel with systematic recourse to temporary workers.

Does she have any regrets? On scientific production, Karine Lacombe is almost annoyed. “In France, we have an administrative burden, we live in a straitjacket to produce tests which is really heavy and which puts us behind.” And to quote the delay of more than a month to obtain the simple opinion of the ethics committee and of more than two months for the National Commission of Computing and Freedoms (Cnil). “In addition, there was no prioritization of trials. It wastes us a lot of time. ” Why give attacks she suffered against her vested interests ? “We tried to discredit my word while my interests are transparent, without conflicts.” She adds : “It fell on me because I am a woman. But I can tell you, I never had the feeling of being put in difficulty, I have nothing to hide. “

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His day is overcrowded, as always. She fears for the school of her last 7 year old daughter. “If they close it because of Covid, how am I going to do it?” I should stop working to keep her… ” Karine Lacombe, solid and unchanged: “In any case, I understood why I was there. I like to carry a team. And in this crisis, we have seen on a daily basis how essential teamwork is. ”


Eric Favereau

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Coronavirus: Gimbe, + 30% hospitalizations and + 62% intensive care – Chronicle

An increase of 37.9% in new cases of Covid-19, in hospitalized patients (+ 30%) and in intensive care (+ 62%). These are the data released by the independent monitoring of the Gimbe Foundation in the week from 26 August to 1 September, compared to the previous one. “These are signs that all go in the direction of a resumption of the epidemic in our country, both in epidemiological terms and in clinical manifestations, just on the eve of the crucial moment of the reopening of schools, irresponsible individual behavior can no longer be tolerated”, explains Nino Cartabellotta, president of the Gimbe Foundation.
Specifically, there are 9,015 new cases against 6,538 in the week prior to monitoring and there is an increase of 52.2% of currently positive cases (7,040 against 4,625).
Patients hospitalized with symptoms also increased (1,380 against 1,058) and those in intensive care (107 against 66). There was also a slight increase in deaths (46 compared to 40). According to the Gimbe Foundation, the currently positive cases rise to 26,754, half of which between Lombardy (26.5%), Lazio (12.3%) and Emilia Romagba (11.4%). According to the monitoring, from 21 July to 1 September, the new weekly cases jumped from 1408 to 9015; the positive / case ratio tested from 0.8% to 2.3% and hospitalized patients almost doubled.
“In the face of these worrying and indisputable rising numbers – says Cartabellotta – irresponsible individual behavior, nefarious examples of bad teachers, nor anti-scientific currents and street demonstrations that, under the false shield of freedom, jeopardize the health of the population.
Alongside the call to the institutions to monitor and sanction any form of “attack” on public health – he concludes – the Gimbe Foundation renews its invitation to the population to respect all recommended behaviors. The health authorities have the task of further strengthening the testing, surveillance and public communication activities, as well as accelerating the development of an adequate plan to manage the difficult “coexistence” between coronavirus and seasonal flu “.

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