In Tripoli, the revolution that had begun in the songs continued, to shots of Molotov cocktails and rubber bullets. Dentist and revolutionary of the first hour, Ramy Finge describes a day of “full madness “ Saturday, June 13, in his hometown in the north of Lebanon.
“Oddly enough, a convoy of 8 or 9 trucks full of sugar and rice has gone through the Bab el-Tebbané, the volcano of the revolution, at a peak time for heading to Syria. “ Clashes with police began when protesters have blocked the road, and were only completed in the middle of the night.
“Day and night for the past two weeks, we see these trucks come from the ports of lebanese towards the syrian border so that there is more rice in our souks “, was surprised at this Tripolitain. “If they are sent by the UN, why are they registered in Syria, and do not have any logo ? Why the goods are not unloaded directly into the ports syrians from Latakia or Tartus ? “
In Tripoli, the sunni, each suspects the Hezbollah (shiite) to organise the supply of a syrian regime, also, struggling, with the support of the lebanese army. Result : while unemployment continues to rise, the incomes of the Lebanese to fall and the domestic currency to depreciate, the anger is still up a notch.
The young people return to their forces in the morning
“The revolution is entering a new phase “notes Ramy Finge, whose distributions of hot meals to needy families, which started with the uprising, is now more indispensable than ever. “Young people are no longer going to stop. They resume their forces in the morning but in the evening, they stand out. Now, I expect the worst. “
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In Beirut, too, dozens of people marched peacefully in the city centre, echoing the slogans of the movement triggered the October 17, 2019 against a ruling class almost unchanged for decades, before that hundreds of young men arrived on scooters began to throw stones and traffic signs on the forces of law and order.
The words initial has now been added to a social despair and financial, every day more serious. In principle, indexed to the u.s. dollar since 1997 at a fixed rate of 1 507 pounds for a dollar, the lebanese lira has dropped this week on the parallel market (reaching almost 6 000 pounds to 1 dollar) : a disaster in a country that imports almost all it consumes. Over-indebted and in default of payment since march, Lebanon is now waiting for assistance from the IMF to get out of the rut.
The limits of independence
In a televised speech to the accents of drama broadcast Saturday 13 June, the first minister Hassan Diab has tried to reassure the Lebanese, their affirming his determination to continue his “fierce battle against corruption “.
“Some people try to prevent the government to reveal the corruption system, he launched. Please be aware that we found many of the keys to this black box. There is still a lot to update, with documents and facts, but this system will collapse on those who lurk in its corners. “
But Tuesday, 9 June, his government had endorsed a list of appointments to the central Bank, the Commission of control of financial markets or to the Board of the public service imposed by the political parties on the traditional base-denominational, showing the limits of its “independence “.
Emergency measures that did not come
“The declaration of Hassan Diab has not calmed down the revolutionaries, on the contrary “ensures Ramy Finge, convinced that this government “is only there to save time, to Hezbollah and to the other “.
“This is a time for action. What was expected was not to reform but to emergency measures. They are not coming “written from his side, Joseph Maïla, a professor of international relations at Essec, in the lebanese daily L’orient-Le Jour.
“The best way would be to expedite the implementation of a pole special criminal intended to try those responsible for a break to State the most spectacular of all the time and prevent them from diverting the attention of the citizens to deadly unrest. “