Constitutional vote poses risk to Kremlin

Putin is racing for a new mandate of trust

Many historians consider Gorbachev’s fatal mistake the fact that he did not dare to go through the crucible of popular elections for the post of president of the USSR, but was content with his election to this position by participants in the Congress of People’s Deputies.

I consider this approach a manifestation of formalism. The error of Gorbachev’s mistakes was that he lost control of the political processes in the state. Everything else is deeply secondary. But, when the question of power is being decided, it is not worth dismissing the symbolic and even sacred meaning of the popular “blessing for the kingdom”.

By insisting on involving citizens in the process of approving constitutional amendments, Putin made a decision that was the only one right in terms of his political interests. The redrawing of the Basic Law, sanctified only by a decision of the parliament, would give the right of the GDP to once again claim one presidential level of moral legitimacy. And the same amendment, approved already at a popular vote, is completely different.

Absolutely justified, from the point of view of the logic of the political process, was the Kremlin’s decision not to postpone the vote to a hypothetical point in the future, when the coronavirus finally leaves our lives. In politics it is very important to “keep up with the train” – to do everything on time. The endless postponement of a decision is often tantamount to, if not refusing to accept it, then certainly dropping it from the political agenda.

That is why, after weighing all the pros and cons, the authorities gritted their teeth and went to the polls in conditions when Russia is still among the world record holders in the number of patients with coronavirus.

But the fact that holding the vote right now is “the lesser of evils” for the Kremlin, in no way detracts from the complexity of the task that the government now faces. The decision to give residents of the capital the right to vote online is also the lesser evil, a surefire way to increase the turnout and to involve in the approval process those who are morally unprepared for a full-time campaign at the polling station.

But at the same time, this is a political experiment with a completely non-obvious result. As the events of the end of 2011 showed, the level of trust (or mistrust) of citizens in the official election results can easily become the Achilles heel of our political system and literally in one night change the balance of power in the country.

The authorities could not go to a partial translation of the vote online. But here is how justified in the end such a decision will turn out to be found out only after the first of July. Much depends on how much the government is able to use the current tactics of the opponents of the amendments – a public demonstration of the possibility of voting twice, or even thrice, against themselves.

I don’t want to tell anyone any “creative political ideas”. But the fact that the game called “catch the falsifier by the hand” can be played not only by those who are trying to prove the unreliability of the electoral system, lies on the surface. After summing up the voting results, the authorities will definitely try to prove: if anyone tried to falsify these results, these are opposition representatives and opponents of the amendments. I think that there is no need to add: an attempt to prove may well be followed by an attempt to roughly punish.

Another risk factor for the authorities during the voting is, of course, everyone is terribly bored, but the coronavirus has not gone anywhere. And no, I do not mean the hypothetical possibility of infecting someone at a polling station. We need to look at the situation more widely.

Russia is a country in which all kinds of conspiracy theories adore. One of the most popular such theories today sounds like this: the inhabitants of Russia were specifically “released into the wild” to give them the opportunity to vote correctly in the conditions of the return of all the signs and attributes of normal life. And as soon as we fulfill our civic duty, they will cheerfully drive us back to quarantine. To seriously comment on all of the above – to waste time in vain. But, if in a few weeks the coronavirus in Russia suddenly ceases to “retreat” and begins to advance again, this will seriously damage the reputation of the authorities.

However, we will not try to look into the future. Let’s talk better about what’s happening right now. And in my opinion, the following happens: we go through one of the most important reference points in the modern history of Russia. The fact that the ballot paper does not contain the name Putin, but a certain impersonal package of amendments to the Constitution, is only a legal formality. In fact, the country is asked to issue a fresh confidence mandate to GDP. We will soon find out how significant this mandate will be.


Will expose children with a shield: experts assessed the situation in the monastery captured by Sergius

Shihigumen called “absolutely depraved person”

Recall that shegumen Sergius was banned from serving after he repeatedly stated that the coronavirus pandemic was created artificially, vaccination would lead to chipping, and the Russian Orthodox Church had abandoned the faith and should not have closed churches during quarantine. Then he closed in a convent, declared himself rector, and the Russian Orthodox Church – the main enemy of Russia, refused to remember the Patriarch and is now waiting for the coming of the Orthodox Tsar. With some periodicity Sergius makes very sharp messages. The “access control” in the monastery is carried out by strong young people who consider themselves followers of the shiigumen.

The representative of the diocese, Archpriest Maxim Menyailo, told MK that the situation is still in the trial, although the shiigumen ignores the meetings and does not recognize the authority of the church court:

– The next meeting of the church court is scheduled for July 3. We urge Sergius to embark on the path of repentance and leave the dangerous path of exclusion from the Russian Orthodox Church on which he is today.

Father Maxim believes that “there is still a window of opportunity for Father Sergius” to “talk with his brethren, with the church court” and peacefully resolve the situation.

Professor Alexander Dvorkin, president of the Center for Religious Studies in the name of the holy martyr Irenaeus of Lyons, believes that law enforcement agencies should intervene in the situation. But be careful, as this can have dire consequences, given the identity of the schemingman:

– As for the church court. The diocese launched the whole situation to impossibility. It was necessary to do something with Sergius five years ago, or even much earlier. For the past ten years, from time to time, I have addressed the diocese with requests from the victims, with warnings that a totalitarian sect has formed around it. The diocese ignored the situation and now created not only themselves, but the whole country a problem.

The church court may deprive him of his rank, but he wanted to spit on it. He already said that the Church does not recognize, he has his own church, he does not remember the Patriarch, he demands the convocation of a Local Council on his own occasion. This is a real megalomania …

– Sergius ignores the decisions of the church court, but, in principle, has the right to be in the monastery. What to do?

– As for the fact that Sergius has the right to be in the monastery, – yes, it is quite possible, he has. But there is a criminal code. Those statements that Sergius allows himself – in my opinion, this really falls under the Criminal Code. Why the diocese does not respond is one question. But why don’t law enforcement respond? A person calls for abandonment of vaccination (which jeopardizes people’s lives), obviously incites ethnic and religious hatred, calls for an uprising against the existing authorities, offends the president, the Duma, senior officials and so on. Take any other person – for much less he would be called to account.

– The signs of extremism in his statements are allegedly already being checked by law enforcement agencies …

“You know how to say that there are signs of tuberculosis when a person coughed up three quarters of his lungs.” Perhaps not only law enforcement officers, but also psychiatrists should work here. Apparently, the further, the less adequate it becomes.

Lord Acton also said that power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. In this sense, Sergei Romanov is an absolutely depraved person. You cannot leave the situation as is. Now he is surrounded by a large number of women and children. And he will simply be blocked by them. Knowing his criminal past, I would not be surprised if he puts all the children in front of him in the event of any power actions. Here you need to be very, very careful and calculate well how to act.

– The agenda that he is promoting is very populist and resonates.

– Yes, she finds a response. And that is why we need to work with this. Because a very large number of people are now sitting, waiting and looking – can this be done with impunity. And if everything gets away with Sergius, this can serve as a trigger for these people.

The case of extremism can easily be brought against the schema of Sergius, if there is political will, said the expert on “extremist” cases, lawyer Dmitry Agranovsky:

– I don’t see any particular problems for law enforcement agencies. Since from the practice of law enforcement articles related to extremism, it is clear that the cases were initiated on very far-fetched, and, in my opinion, completely innocent reasons. It would be a desire, but there is an article.

As for the analysis of specific statements by the schema of Sergius, I am not authorized to analyze them, I respect the presumption of innocence. But, I repeat, there are no problems with attracting a person under the article on extremism. On the contrary, I very often see that these articles are given an expansive interpretation.

– That is, a criminal case can be instituted and by the decision of the court, Sergei Romanov can be taken into custody?

– No citizen in the country is safe from this, except for those, of course, who have the appropriate immunity.

– Suppose a police squad comes to the monastery to take Sergius to court. There is its own guard, novices, children … They may not give up their “father.”

– People are still reasonable. No one will burden their guilt with resistance. It is one thing to expel Sobchak from the monastery, and it is another to resist the authorities in the performance of their duties.


Reservists will be called up for military training – Russian newspaper

The President of the Russian Federation issued a decree on the draft in 2020 for military training of Russian citizens in reserve. The document will be published in the next issue of “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”.

We’ll immediately clarify that this decree has nothing to do with the events in Syria or elsewhere. Military training of reservists is carried out every year, and the current one will not be an exception. By decision of the president, some reserve officers and officers assigned to military units and institutions in case of war or other emergencies will be temporarily called up to the Armed Forces, parts of the Russian National Guard, state security agencies and the Federal Security Service. The duration of their stay in the military system is agreed with the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. An exception will be made only for verification fees, whose duration will be determined by the Ministry of Defense.

All issues of the organization and conduct of military training are detailed in a special Regulation. The document says that the call of citizens for military training is carried out by military registration and enlistment offices on the basis of decrees of the President of the Russian Federation. And their duration, place and time are determined by the Ministry of Defense and other law enforcement agencies, where the law provides for military service.

Moreover, the Regulation severely limits the duration of military training – they cannot exceed 2 months .. As for the total time that a person spends at the military training camp for the entire period of his stay, there is also an “upper bar” – not more than one year .

The document defines the gradation of military fees. They are divided into enrollment training courses and verification fees. The first are held in military units, where the storekeepers are temporarily assigned to posts corresponding to their military specialties.

Such fees can also be held in the form of training sessions with full-time reservists. This is necessary to maintain army skills in people who have signed a contract with the Ministry of Defense to remain in a mobilization reserve. In addition, there are enlisted fees related to the training of citizens in military registration specialties and military posts, or in the maintenance of tangible assets.

As for the test camp, the combat and mobilization readiness of military units and military commissariats is assessed there. That is, their ability to perform their functions in a special period – during or in anticipation of a war.

The Regulation on the conduct of military training says that for the period of their holding, the average salary at the main place of work is kept by the storekeepers. In addition, people will receive cash allowances and payments due to contract soldiers. Travel expenses “partisans” paid by the state. And if the place of military training is 3 thousand kilometers or more from the storehouse’s home, then it will be delivered to the place of temporary service by plane.


Officials linked opening of a foreign country to Russians with behavior in their homeland

If domestic tourism does not allow airlines to “hold out” until the fall, the “coronavirus curtain” may be raised earlier

However, according to polls, many citizens are afraid to leave the borders of their region, and those who are not afraid can expect such unpleasant surprises as a refusal to settle in a hotel, closed museums and food “than God sent.”

The governors should have prepared plans for opening the tourism industry by June 15, but it is useless to look for them on the official portals of administrations – there is nothing there. According to the Federal Tourism Agency, now they agree to accept tourists in 47 regions.

Starting July 1, Mikhail Mishustin said at a meeting with vice prime ministers on Monday that there will be “more than 70 of them.” “In general, the demand for tourism industry services is beginning to grow,” the prime minister reassured, noting that along with the opening of boarding houses and hotels, another sign of a return to active life is the restoration of the cultural sphere, the opening of museums that are iconic for the country.

According to Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko, this year will be unique for the industry. Firstly, it begins “with a sliding” and therefore will last until October-November. Secondly, the Russians will have to relax in their country. “We expect that approximately 20-22 million of our fellow citizens will spend their holidays in Russia during this time,” Chernyshenko said.

The timing of the opening of the external borders of power is not even called approximately. (Answering a corresponding question from journalists, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov succinctly replied: “I don’t know.” At a meeting with deputy prime ministers, the question of outbound tourism was not raised at all).

The Ministry of Transport hints that the resumption of flights abroad (and, accordingly, the opening of borders) depends on the volume of traffic within the country. If they really grow due to the rise of domestic tourism, airlines can really hold out until the fall. Otherwise, there is hope that flights abroad will resume faster.

But in any case, first of all, the planes will fly to the CIS countries, and only then (according to representatives of the Federal Air Transport Agency, not earlier than August) will the issue of organizing flights to Europe be considered. Now, on rare export flights abroad, owners of second passports, residence permits, contracts for work or study, and in some cases, property owners (in each country, have their own rules for admitting foreigners, can fly to the embassy, ​​as well as on the website Rostourism).

For a month now, sanatoriums have been operating in Russia itself, and in a number of regions hotels, pensions and recreation centers have also opened. But demand in most regions (with the exception of the Black Sea resorts) is still significantly lower than supply.

As Mishustin said at a meeting with deputy prime ministers, loading of accommodation facilities ranges from 20% to 30%. According to ATOR, compared with June last year, real paid demand fell 10 times. To increase the attractiveness of organized recreation, Rospotrebnadzor had to significantly soften the requirements for sanatoriums and boarding houses. Vacationers no longer need to present a negative test for coronavirus (enough information about the lack of contact with infected people, which can be issued at any medical center for little money), as well as a marriage stamp when checking into one room.

In addition, the observation and the ban on leaving the sanatorium were canceled. However, softening the requirements can not only attract, but also scare away tourists. People were so insistently taught that coronavirus is for a long time that now many people refuse to believe in improving statistics, and consider the abolition of restrictions as heedlessness.

However, an even more uncertain situation is developing in the field of unorganized tourism. On the one hand, the authorities urge Russians to actively travel around their home country – to discover the Russian Baltic, the Russian North, Altai, Buryatia, the Urals, Khakassia, the cities of the Golden Ring and sights located in neighboring regions, which can be reached by car. However, there are no guarantees that tourists will be able to implement their plans. All decisions on the opening of tourist and cultural sites have been left to the governors and local Rospotrebnadzor, who dispose of powers that suddenly fall on their head at their own discretion – on the go they overturn already voiced plans, put forward additional requirements for the industry and tourists, and even quarrel with each other this soil.

A typical example is the conflict between Karelia and the Arkhangelsk region over the opening of the Solovetsky Islands. Arthur Parfenchikov, the head of the Republic of Karelia, has allowed tourists to visit them since June 16. But the acting governor of the Arkhangelsk region, to which Solovki is administratively owned, immediately banned: according to the order of Alexander Tsybulsky, landing of passengers arriving on the islands from Karelia is possible only after they have been quarantined by the ship for 14 days. The reaction to this showdown is obvious: tourism froze, people either spent their money in vain or were left without it. But which of the governors cares.

Another example is the Tula region. Hotels in the city of Tula through aggregators can be booked without problems, but in order to settle, you must present “the approval of the Tula Region Committee for Tourism Development”. Moreover, tourists often learn about this know-how only at the reception. An incomprehensible situation with cultural objects – in Yasnaya Polyana and Polenovo, due to the difficult epidemiological situation, only walks are allowed on the territory (at the same time, there is a full house on Polenovsky beach without any social distance). And in Bogoroditsk, located in the same region, not only a park is open for tourists, but also a museum-estate located in it.

In general, domestic tourism in post-crown reality is a real quest. And in order to successfully pass it, one must stock up not only with remarkable nerves and optimism, but also with canned goods and a canvas tent.

See also: What will change from July 1: pensions, utilities, payments for children


Banks come up with a new restriction on plastic cards for Russians

Credit organizations have limited their ability to go negative

The pandemic took everyone by surprise: businessmen and simple hard workers, officials and bankers. If there are those who come out of the coronacrisis on horseback and in the black, then they are clearly a minority. In the face of a new economic disaster, everyone is equal, but someone is more equal. While the Russians make ends meet, the banks decided to dig a bigger hole between these ends. Financial institutions have limited customers the ability to go negative if they run out of money on a debit card. This service is called overdraft. This is something like a “promised payment” for mobile operators, when, after the money has expired, the client’s balance is not disconnected from the connection, but a minus appears on the account, which must then be covered. So, against the backdrop of a pandemic, banks more than halved overdraft limits. According to the results of May, it was possible to get a minus on a debit card by an average of 20.4 thousand rubles, Equifax credit bureau found out. Back in March, the average limits were 60% higher, and in November last year even reached 60 thousand rubles. In addition, credit institutions reduced the issuance of cards with an overdraft option by 8 times compared to March, when the coronacrisis was just beginning. Now everything is different. For three months, the population and business went bankrupt, incomes fell, and therefore banks no longer believe in the solvency of customers. In the language of bankers, this is called “rising credit risk.” In fact, overdraft for card users was a profitable loan, as a rule, interest-free for a period specified by the bank – 60 or 100 days. However, now this shop has been covered up: it is worthless for impoverished Russians to spend money on not impoverished banks at all, and even not to pay a bribe!

According to statistics, as of June 1, 903 thousand cards with an overdraft option are in circulation. The total limit on them amounted to 13.2 billion rubles. That is, almost a million people could not be afraid to be dishonored at the cash desk of the store, if “there is not enough money on your card.” For some, the opportunity to go into the red was the only way to reach the salary. From this, the bank received customer loyalty and interest, if suddenly the cardholder greatly delayed repayment of the debt. During the crisis, such grateful customers suddenly became the most undesirable: why lend without interest if these 13 billion rubles can be scrolled at a rate of 10% per annum?

However, banks are also not the most successful period. Their main source of income – loans – is sagging. The pandemic forced people to repay their debts and cooled consumer fervor for new ones. There are more of those who have not mastered loan repayment: the volume of “bad” debts has increased. Unlucky for banks and with additional sources of income. In the name of anti-crisis support for business, the authorities limited acquiring fees (what the company pays for banks for each non-cash purchase), canceled “bank roaming”, made transfers in the Quick Payment System temporarily free. The threat of cancellation of commissions when paying for housing and communal services also hangs over financial organizations. And it’s also an annoying obligation to grant credit deferrals to companies and individuals who lost their income!

Bankers have already been so driven that they threatened to pay card service and even calls to call centers in return. This proposal was made by the Association of Banks of Russia. By the way, the threat is very real. Now the Central Bank does not have the authority to “beat the banks”, if they decide to cash in on the issue of cards and additional services. True, the head of the Central Bank, Elvira Nabiullina, promised to request such powers in the State Duma, but this is clearly not a quick process.

But is it really hard for a bank to live? Just the other day, the Prime Minister signed a decree on subsidies to banks in the amount of 22.5 billion rubles for preferential car loans. And this is just one of the multibillion-dollar subsidies that banks will receive from the state to recover lost income from credit deferrals, zero wage loans and other banking support measures. Meanwhile, vaunted soft loans and deferrals are not so easy to get. As shown by “test purchases” from the Minister of Economic Development Maxim Reshetnikov and business ombudsman Boris Titov, banks approve at best a third of the applications, and most of them are simply ignored. Unpleasant statistics are also confirmed by the real stories of businessmen who counted on the promised assistance, but received refusals or unsubscribes from banks in response to their application.

In any case, someone who, and banks shall not remain aground. In recent years, the state has systematically raked large banks for itself, nationalizing them under the guise of reorganization. The largest of the large and so belong to the state. All attacks on the banking sector, such as limiting acquiring commissions, are just light slaps from the authorities, more like stroking. If something is taken away from usurers, then only in order to give more later. Money is everything, but banks have it and should be in excess.


Hackneyed cameraman Sobchak talks about “sexual violence” in the monastery

According to the victim in a clash with local believers, a beautiful picture is created for the media in the monastery. But when you try to dig a little deeper, people in tracksuits can attack the curious, the battered director warned. To the operator Sobchak, “these urki,” as he put it, broke his arm.

Despite the incident, material that still managed to be shot will be shown. Moreover, the film will be dedicated not only to the disgraced father Sergius, who, after a series of high-profile statements, “captured” the female monastery.

“There are 21 people who testify that these are former novices who say that there was child abuse, sexual abuse in this monastery,” Yerzhenkov shared the details.

According to the director, a completely destructive sect has developed in the monastery that discredits Orthodoxy and the Russian Orthodox Church as a whole.

Earlier, the scandalous TV presenter Ksenia Sobchak and her film crew were attacked in the convent of Yekaterinburg, where she was captured by the schema-teacher Sergiy. The cameramen were beaten and taken away from the TV men, and the famous journalist was not allowed to come to Yerzhenkov.


Lavrov spoke about the Russians traveling abroad through Belarus

Minister urged to follow common sense in making such decisions

In an interview with RT journalist Anton Krasovsky, Lavrov said that he himself had visited Belarus and Serbia for the first time in three months of the pandemic, although both visits were supposed to take place in March.

Then Krasovsky asked the diplomat if he knew that now tourists fly to Turkey via Belarus with Belavia airline.

The Foreign Minister countered that the authorities cannot forbid the Russians to use this opportunity. According to him, during trips in the era of a pandemic, people should have “caution and common sense.”

Lavrov was also unable to answer the question about the timing of the opening of the Russian borders, which were closed due to the threat of the spread of coronavirus infection.

In June, authorities allowed Russians to travel abroad to work, study or to treat relatives. The possibility of departure is also provided for those citizens who need to receive medical care abroad.


Lavrov spoke about the Russians traveling abroad through Belarus

Minister urged to follow common sense in making such decisions

In an interview with RT journalist Anton Krasovsky, Lavrov said that he himself had visited Belarus and Serbia for the first time in three months of the pandemic, although both visits were supposed to take place in March.

Then Krasovsky asked the diplomat if he knew that now tourists fly to Turkey via Belarus with Belavia airline.

The Foreign Minister countered that the authorities cannot forbid the Russians to use this opportunity. According to him, during trips in the era of a pandemic, people should have “caution and common sense.”

Lavrov was also unable to answer the question about the timing of the opening of the Russian borders, which were closed due to the threat of the spread of coronavirus infection.

In June, authorities allowed Russians to travel abroad to work, study or to treat relatives. The possibility of departure is also provided for those citizens who need to receive medical care abroad.


What will change from July 1: pensions, utilities, payments for children

Housing and utilities rates will rise

Housing and communal services will rise in price from July 1 by 2.4-6.5% depending on the region. Tariffs will grow most strongly in the North Caucasus: in Chechnya – by 6.5%, in Kabardino-Balkaria – by 5.4%, in Dagestan – by 5.2%.

The minimum increase threshold is planned in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug – by 2.4%. However, on average, tariff growth in all regions will be 4% and will not exceed inflation. Legislative authorities considered the idea of ​​“freezing” communal prices due to the deterioration of the material situation of Russians during the pandemic. However, the government rejected the initiative, taking the side of resource companies that, without tariff indexation, would face underfunding.

Electricity meters will be replaced for free

There is good news from utilities. From July 1, installation, repair, maintenance and replacement of electricity meters will be carried out at the expense of energy companies. Moreover, the obligation will be valid for guaranteeing suppliers in apartment buildings, and for network companies in the case of the private sector, cottages and legal entities. As explained in the Ministry of Energy, residents will only have to monitor the safety of meters.

Self-employed tax will be introduced everywhere

In a recent appeal to citizens, President Vladimir Putin proposed extending the tax regime for the self-employed throughout the country. Since 2018, he acted in test mode, first in 4 regions, and then in 23 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Moreover, the regions will be able to decide for themselves whether to join the project or not. Another innovation – as self-employed it will be possible to register from 16 years old, and not from 18 as before.

Freelancers and entrepreneurs who are not employed by the employer and do not have the status of individual entrepreneur or legal entity can become self-employed. With the help of the My Tax mobile application, they can legalize their income and pay 4% tax (for a client – an individual) and 6% (if a client is a legal entity or individual entrepreneur) instead of the usual personal income tax of 13%. According to the Ministry of Finance, more than 741 thousand taxpayers have become self-employed.

Repeated payout for children

In July, families with children will receive one more lump sum payment of 10 thousand rubles for each child. These funds will be additionally provided for a monthly payment of 5 thousand rubles for children under 3 years old and will be automatically charged by the June lump sum payment for children from 3 to 16 years old. A new application for financial assistance is not necessary: ​​money will be paid based on the data already available to the FIU. According to Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, it is planned to allocate more than 270 billion rubles for these purposes.

Pensions of elderly guardians will increase

The indexation of insurance pensions will be renewed for foster parents and retirees and guardians of minor children. Previously, they were equated with working pensioners due to the fact that they are engaged in raising children under the contract and receive remuneration for this. At the same time, the amount of remuneration was small: 4-5 thousand rubles. Now they will be annually indexed the size of the insurance pension and a fixed payment to it. Recalculation of pensions will take place without a request: no need to apply to the FIU. According to government estimates, the measure will cover 45.8 thousand adoptive parents-pensioners.

The transfer of pension payments to MIR cards will end

By July 1, banks must complete the transfer of pensioners to the cards of the MIR payment system. However, until October 1, the Central Bank allowed not to punish banks if they continue to transfer pensions to cards of other payment systems. Thus, Visa and MasterCard cardholders will be able to use them for another three months.

Microcredit tighten again

Starting July 1, new rules are introduced for the microcredit market. For microcredit companies with simplified regulation, the minimum amount of equity is set at 1 million rubles. Microcredit companies are also required to disclose information on the structure and composition of their shareholders.

Shoes, cigarettes and medicines are marked

The list of goods subject to mandatory digital marking is expanding. Information on all drugs imported into the country will have to be entered into the drug movement monitoring system. At the same time, the sale of unlabeled drugs that went on sale before July 1 will be allowed until the expiration date.

Starting July 1, the circulation of unlabelled tobacco products in the country should be completely stopped. Becomes mandatory and marking shoes. Products without special codes cannot be sold after July 1. Buyers will be able to check the legality of the product in the “Honest Sign” application: all information about the movement of a pair of shoes from the manufacturer to the buyer will be displayed there. Shoes already delivered to stores can be marked by September 1.

Tourists will be offered domestic holidays

Since July 1, the holiday season opens almost in full mode. Hotels and resorts across the country are starting to operate, restrictions on interregional trips are being removed, beaches, parks and embankments are opening. For a month now, the sanatoriums of the Krasnodar Territory have been working with a medical license, now all hotels, camp sites and children’s camps will officially join them. At the same time, Rospotrebnadzor obliged the resorts to observe security measures, including social distance. Regions have also introduced their own rules. Somewhere the maximum occupancy rate of hotels is being introduced, in some regions there are restrictions on entry. Before planning a trip, it is worth examining information about the limitations and epidemiological situation of the region.

From July 15, international air traffic partially resumes. Borders will be opened with the countries of the EAEU and the CIS. Europe and foreign countries are still closed to Russians.

You don’t have to prove disability

From July 1, it is not required to provide a disability certificate to receive payments and public services. The necessary information will be requested by the authorized bodies in the framework of electronic interaction between departments. Previously, because of bureaucratic delays, disability payments were often delayed: they had to collect documents on their own, write a statement to the FIU, and wait for confirmation of examinations. Now applying for the benefits of people with disabilities will be simplified.

Another innovation awaits disabled car owners. From July 1, an identification mark with a picture of a stroller is no longer required. Information about a car driven or transporting a disabled person must be placed in the federal registry, and signs will not be issued. To obtain the right to free parking, people with disabilities or their legal representatives must submit an application to the PRF to register the vehicle. This can also be done at the MFC or at the State Services portal. For disabled people, there should be at least 10% of privileged places in public parking lots.

Declarations of civil servants will be converted into electronic form

Civil servants will fill out income statements only using the special software “Help BC”. This service is available on the official website of the President of Russia. Such certificates are required to fill out about 2 million people, including deputies and employees of state funds. “Help BC” will automatically check the correctness of filling out the document, will store data and update them.

Workers will be asked to choose a workbook format

The government has postponed the period for notifying an employee about electronic work books. Employers had until July 1 to collect employee information about which format of the workbook remains for them – electronic or paper. The term was extended until October 31.

Universities introduce mandatory practice

Practical training of students will become an indispensable part of training for all specialties in universities, colleges and schools. Such a norm existed in the Soviet educational system, and in modern Russia there are only four areas left: aviation and rail transport, medicine and pharmaceuticals.

The geographical indication will be fixed by law

Starting July 27, a new object of intellectual property appears in Russia – a geographical indication. The norm will concern manufacturers of products, wine, and other goods. For regional manufacturers, the procedure for registering goods with a reference to a geographical object is simplified. For example, earlier the “Adygea cheese” was to be made exclusively from Adyghe milk and ripen in special baskets of plum twigs. At the same time, 80% of Adyghe cheese was produced outside Adygea. Now cheese can officially be called Adyghe if at least one of the stages of its production was in the locality of the same name.

Expert Comments

Alexey Krichevsky, expert at the Academy of Finance and Investment Management: “One of the most interesting and positive innovations of July is the spread of the self-employed regime throughout the country. This will gradually lead people working without registration and in private, out of the shadows. After the project is distributed throughout the country, the number of self-employed will increase by 1.5-2 times already this year, and tax deductions may well exceed 3 billion rubles. The state will ensure that companies do not transfer employees to self-employment for the sake of favorable tax conditions. For this, a transitional period of six months is introduced when the self-employed does not have the right to conclude a contract with the company from which he quit.

The introduction of electronic workbooks will allow you to no longer worry about the experience and the sudden loss of a workbook – all data will be stored on the Internet.

Regarding the indexation of housing and communal services tariffs, against the background of a total decline in household incomes, it was more logical to either cancel it completely or to postpone the period of raising the cost of housing and communal services for the next few years, increasing indexation by 1-1.5% during the “compensation” period. ”

Petr Pushkarev, TeleTrade chief analyst: “Definitely good news will be the repeated payment in July of 10 thousand rubles for each child under 16 years of age. Any social payments can stir up almost “dead” consumer demand. This means that this money will help business as well.

The long-awaited topic is the opening of domestic tourism with free trips between regions. The main thing is that vacationers should not be tortured with certificates and checks. It’s not a fact that citizens will go on a massive trip: it’s worth going to a hotel, where one of the guests will find a virus, all the tourists there will be sent to self-isolation. In the conditions of restrictions, the “wild” rest with renting apartments and private houses will be in demand rather.

Many Russians were waiting for a chance to become legally self-employed. It is good that the option will be available to the most active youth from 16 years old. It is perhaps bad that the decision to introduce a self-employed regime was left at the mercy of the regions, which could be delayed with changes in regional legislation. They still need to convince citizens to legalize and convince that in a few years the authorities will not turn off the benefits and will not “cut” the tax press in full.

The normal procedure for indexing pensions to pensioners-guardians of children will be restored: equating them with working pensioners was clearly a misunderstanding. The good thing is that with Mir cards, pensioners were allowed not to follow new ones during the epidemic, and were allowed to use the old ones until the fall. ”

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