Twitter founder and CEO Jack Dorsey donates $ 10 million to the non-profit Reform Alliance. According to Mr. Dorsey, this money will be directed for the purchase of medical masks and other equipment necessary to combat the spread of COVID-19. All items will be sent to prisons and prisons in all 50 US states.
The Reform Alliance was created by American rappers Jay-Z and Meek Mill and is trying to get US laws changed to reduce the number of prisoners. Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic, NCOs have stated that it is necessary to release older people, patients, and prisoners who are not dangerous to society from places of deprivation of liberty, since prisons, according to the Reform Alliance, can become centers of the spread of coronavirus, and prisoners will not have the opportunity to avoid infection . The organization also asks to cancel the terms of imprisonment for those who received them for technical misconduct such as fines not paid on time.
At the end of December 2019 the scientist He jiankui – nicknamed the Chinese Frankenstein – he was sentenced to three years in prison for an experiment without provenance. A year earlier he rose to world fame by claiming that had genetically engineered three babies making them resistant to infection by the human immunodeficiency virus.
He has not been the first scientist to spend a season behind bars, nor will he, unfortunately, be the last. On the payroll we find all kinds of scientists, let’s review some of the most famous criminal “successes” in science.
Ramón y Cajal, punished for using a cannon
Santiago Ramón y Cajal, our Nobel Prize in Medicine, the discoverer of neural structure as the foundation of the brain and the pioneer of neuroscience had a most irreverent childhood and adolescence.
It seems that when he was eleven years old built an artifact that doubled as a cannon and with which he had no qualms about experimenting with the wall of one of his neighbors, smashing it.
The punishment is narrated in the first person Cajal:
“… Took advantage of the opportunity that was offered to teach me; And coming to my house in the company of the bailiff, he found my bones in the local jail. This happened with the approval of my father, who saw in my prison an excellent and energetic resource to correct me; went so far as to order that I be deprived of food throughout the duration of the confinement… ”
Galileo arrested for “going against God”
Years ago one of the most recognized names of the intelligentsia suffered one of the most unfair trials in history. Your name, Galileo Galilei.
His sin was an excessive contempt in front of the ecclesiastical authorities, defending the heliocentric model against the geocentric one. A snub that ignited the turbines of hatred and ecclesiastical unreason. To avoid greater evils, the Italian had no choice but to retract, although for the bajini he would pronounce that of “Eppur si muove”
However, giving up was not enough, they sentenced him to spend the remaining nine years of his life under house arrest and with the express prohibition of publishing any book. To the moral desolation were added the arthritis and blindness, who languidly gnawed at his spirit.
The Corrupt Sir Francis Bacon
The Tower of London, the legendary English prison was the temporary home of one of the most farsighted minds in the entire History of Science: sir Francis Bacon. In 1607 he began a meteoric career within the court, consecutively and in a very short period of time he was appointed: Seal Keeper, Lord Grand Chancellor, Baron de Verulam, Peer of England and Viscount of Saint Alban.
Despite the accumulation of perks that these titles earned him, he was not able to be farsighted, the lavish life he led, as well as a growing need for money, were the triggers that led him to commit crimes. He had no qualms about illegally taking advantage of his position chancellor in front of third parties.
Those affected soon begged for justice and the House of Commons, faced with popular outcry, was forced to open an investigation, in which a huge list of charges was proved.
At the end Francis Bacon was sentenced to pay a fine of £ 40,000, the loss of all their jobs, the impossibility of occupying a public office and spending a season in the shade in the legendary London prison.
Closer to us in time is Jack Kevorkian, a scientist who in the 1990s became a media phenomenon. He tried by all means to go into the History of Medicine by capturing the face of death, by photographing people who were in the last breath of life.
In addition, Dr. Muerte, who is how he was known, designed a “suicide machine” through which chemicals were self-administered. Not content with these atrocities, in 1998 he personally injected lethal substances to one of his “clients,” who had previously required written consent. This did not preclude a court from ruling against him eight-year prison sentence for the crime of second-degree murder.
Pedro Gargantilla is an internist at the Hospital de El Escorial (Madrid) and the author of several popular books.
After a week of fierce parliamentary debates, the new law on the execution of sentences was adopted on the night of Monday April 13 to Tuesday April 14, by 279 votes to 51. Under discussion within the presidential coalition for some time by two years, the coronavirus health crisis has accelerated the examination of the text. It provides for the adjustment of sentences for nearly 90,000 prisoners, or one third of the contingent of penitentiary establishments in the country.
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This measure is salutary given the prison overcrowding, especially since the purges that followed the attempted coup in July 2016, but it has rekindled the deep tensions between the four major political families in the country: “ It’s discriminatory law. It is extremely political because it does not concern the category of “political prisoners” Explains to the Cross Ömer Faruk Gergerlioglu, deputy of the HDP (People’s Democratic Party, pro-Kurdish left).
“Do you want to release those responsible for the coup? “
The text provides for conditional release and house arrest for some of the convicts, but excludes those convicted of violence against women, sexual assault, homicides, drug trafficking, attacks on state security and services. intelligence, and terrorism. It is precisely this latter category that is problematic.
” What do you want ?Do you want to release those responsible for the coup? Release PKK members? DHKP-C? The murderers ? Is that what you are asking? “Said AKZ (Justice and Development Party) MP Özlem Zengin to the rostrum behind his mask. Words greeted by thunderous applause in the hemicycle. Turkish anti-terrorism law is frequently cited by the European Union for its overly broad and vague definitions.
” These are all those accused of carrying out terrorist propaganda, or of being a member of a terrorist organization. Some have never committed violence and have only expressed their positions. Journalists, writers, trade unionists, academics … we cannot accept this! “Says Ömer Faruk Gergerlioglu.
40,000 people affected
The trials of writer Ahmet Altan, businessman and philanthropist Osman Kavala and former HDP co-chair Selahattin Demirtas in recent months have illustrated how targeted the use of this category can be.
” Terrorists ” for some, ” political prisoners For the others, about 40,000 people are affected, according to the League for Human Rights (IHD). His co-chair, the tireless activist and lawyer Eren Keskin, says he is extremely worried:“Many people already have all the symptoms of Covid-19, she explains. Today we learned that running water has been cut for ten days in Diyarbakir prison. There is a virus spreading and the detainees do not even have access to water. The state takes out thieves and scammers, but says the rest can be left to fend for themselves. It’s the equivalent of the death penalty. “
The news published by the “Heraldo de Madrid” on December 9, 1898, must have overwhelmed the thousands of Spanish families who had seen their children and husbands leave for the other side of the world and had no news of them. “This morning we spoke to an Army chief who was telling us things about the Philippines, from where he returned very recently. The story we have heard is a horror, a true horror. We think we know something of what happens in our ex-colonies, but as soon as we speak to a witness, it is understood that we ignore everything, since the most painful, the saddest is not known ».
The Philippines had passed into Spanish rule when Miguel López de Legazpi subdued Manila and undertook the occupation of the rest of the island of Luzón, in 1571, with only 300 soldiers. Until the 19th century, this archipelago was the Spanish commercial wedge in East Asia, but in 1896, the Tagalog independentists revolted against Spain through guerrilla warfare. Then came the support of the United States and we lost everything. Thousands of prisoners remained on the battlefield. «Among the Tagalogs there are 12,000 Spaniards. There are not, there were. Now not even three-thirds remain, because they have already succumbed to the knife, hunger, pain or abuse. There is no viciousness comparable to that developed against those Spaniards without luck. Every day a handful of them die. If they are not rescued soon, not a single one will remain in Spain as a living example of the hatred and cruelty of Aguinaldo’s savages, ”said this military command, interviewed by the Madrid newspaper.
The data on war in the Philippines, unlike Cuba and Puerto Rico, are not many, despite the movies and books that have recreated the Baler siege, the Cavite naval battle or the siege of Manila. The latter involved 8,500 US soldiers and 12,000 Filipinos commanded by the aforementioned Emilio Aguinaldo, who accepted the treatment of the Americans in exchange for succulent promises, until he became the country’s first president after independence. The historian Jesús Flores Thies assured in a 1999 study that it was not only longer than Cuba, but bloodier. The listings published in the Official Gazette of the Spanish War Ministry were very confusing. The historian David F. Trask shuffled in “The war with Spain in 1898” (1996) that the Spanish soldiers killed in combat there amounted to 3,000, but only of the Spanish Army, not counting those who could die in naval battles or during repatriation for contracted diseases.
“Every day costs us lives”
“In Cuba it is not material pain that can kill our troops, it is the humiliation, outrage and shame suffered on a daily basis. Everyone has already learned from the telegrams published in the press how the Yankees force twice as many soldiers to board as can fit on each ship. They do not give us the slightest attention nor do they give us the slightest right. Some insulars, without feelings and without any loyalty, join in this merciless task of mortifying our own. Can this continue like this? “Asked another source from the Spanish Army, consulted by the” Heraldo de Madrid “, who answered next:” Neither on one side nor on the other, neither in the archipelago nor in Cuba, can things continue So. Not in the Philippines, because each day that passes costs a great number of lives of our compatriot prisoners, nor in Cuba, because each new day is marked with some new insult to our dignity fed up with outrages.
A month earlier, the London newspaper correspondent “The Star” had already left evidence of the barbarism caused by the Tagalogs. So outraged was he that he went to visit the American general Elwell S. Otis, military governor of Manila, in search of a little humanity for them. The answer was negative, according to the article reproduced by some media in the peninsula: «The Americans are giving evidence of the greatest outrage by consenting to the horrors that the Tagalogs commit with the Spanish prisoners. It is not possible to narrate what I have seen. The hottest imagination could not imagine all of reality. Full of indignation, I went to visit General Otis and asked him for a little pity. The general listened impassively to me and, when he finished, he replied: “Everything you tell me I have communicated to my government and I have orders to do nothing.” This passivity is infamous.
And then he described Dantesque scenes like these: «In Cavite Viejo there are more than 5,000 Spaniards, who have been left behind by two churches and some houses without roofs or living conditions. They live there piled up, sleeping on the ground, naked, mixed men, women and children. The atmosphere is unbreathable. There are many dysentery patients who do not receive medical assistance. In a church I visited, a prisoner Spanish doctor told me real horrors regarding the sick. The Tagalogs ignore requests for medicines and they die without being able to help. In Cavite Viejo there was a pharmacy, but the Spanish pharmacist to whom he belonged was murdered and his house burned down. Deaths among Spanish prisoners do not drop from 20 to 30 daily. I have been told that there were 62 children and that they have all died from deficiencies in diet and from scabies, which has spread to prisoners in an appalling way. The young prisoners were subjected to the greatest abuses, with three having died as a result of the brutalities of the Tagalogs. Frequently, they rabid and steal everything they can. That is why most of the prisoners are in live hides. I have been introduced to respectable, naked people. It produced shame and would revolt the most indifferent ».
The first news of prisoners appeared after the sinking of the Spanish squad in the bay of Manila, on May 1, 1898. A few days later, the insurgents took control of the provinces of Cavite and Manila. The capital held on a little longer, but the conflict spread rapidly over the rest of the island of Luzón, while the number of captured captured increased. The press echoed the negotiations for his release and sometimes even gave the names of those who had been fortunate enough to return to Spain.
Luis Moreno Jerez, then editor of the “Diario de Manila”, published a book in December 1899, entitled “The Spanish prisoners held by the Tagalogs”, in which he blamed the Philippine captain general, Don Basilio Augustín, for not having ordered the reconcentration of all the troops of the archipelago at the time he learned of the breakdown of diplomatic relations between Spain and the United States. When he finally gave the order, in late May 1898, it was too late. In September, the Spanish captured were 9,000, according to the figures provided by the “Heraldo de Madrid”. So many were concentrated in Cavite that Aguinaldo even ordered the transfer of part of them to the province of Bulacan.
In her article “The Spanish prisoners in the hands of the Tagalogs in the” Diario de Córdoba “(1898-1899)”, the historian Patricia Hidalgo collects various testimonies that reveal these mistreatments. “The Spaniards were stripped of everything they owned […]. During the last months of 1899, aid was very scarce, and where they occurred, they only amounted to half a puff of rice and four quarters, “said one of the chronicles of this newspaper.
The rations were gradually reduced and the soldiers sent letters to their superiors, unsuccessfully claiming the delayed wages. The prisoners had to exercise public charity, serve as servants in indigenous houses, dedicate themselves to cutting firewood or fishing to sell the product in order to survive. Others opted for flight, but the Aguinaldo government then decided to concentrate them in larger areas, subjecting them to painful walking and barefoot marches.
“Manuel Sastrón, civil servant of the Civil Administration in Manila at that fateful time, emphasizes the mistreatment that the Spanish captives received: mocking, slapping, ingesting putrefied waters and cannibalism, in addition to forced labor for the arrangement and cleaning of squares, walks and roads, “explains Hidalgo, who mentions other testimonies praising the good treatment they received. “They could either be dictated from fear or be a true example of Stockholm syndrome,” he clarifies.
It seemed that the situation could improve after the signing in Paris of the peace treaty on December 10, 1898, according to which Spain ceded the sovereignty of the Philippines to the United States and the Americans promised to organize the liberation of the Spanish. But the war between the latter and the Tagalogs began and everything was complicated again. The testimony of one of the prisoners reflects this: “There was no doubt that our situation had worsened greatly. The most enlightened Indians recognized this, saying that the Paris Treaty had closed all doors to them to give us freedom, and that if the Americans tried to get it by arms, they exposed us to go cannon fodder and serve as barricades to the insurgent forces ».
After the signing of the treaty, the Spanish administration in the Philippines was closed. Efforts began to release the prisoners. For example, the Red Cross and various Economic Societies of Friends of the Country, which sent various instances to the Government requesting that urgent care be given to the repatriated wounded and prisoners of war. The relatives of the captives formed the Association of the families of the Prisoners in the Philippines and even edited a newspaper: “The Prisoners”. However, many soldiers continued to return captive until 1902, three years after Spain lost the war. The Spanish Government never knew exactly how many of them remained in the archipelago. The figures range from 10,000 to 12,000 reported in the press. Many suffered this mistreatment despite the Geneva Convention of 1864, but the Philippine army did not yet have international recognition in the war of ’98 nor had it signed the agreement. .
The Deputy for Together for Change Carolina Píparo He denounced that the murderer of her son threatened her on the social network Facebook after the Justice authorized the use of cell phones in Buenos Aires jails in the face of the coronavirus health emergency.
“This is what the man who murdered my son writes to me the day they release the use of cell phones and networks. What did they think they were going to do? Call grandma? “, the legislator claimed through her account Twitter, in which he also shared screenshots of messages from Carlos Moreno.
According to those images, the accused wrote to him:“Don’t forget me either”, “The same one who shot you, woman’s trash” Y “In here, better than ever, unit 34”.
“It is not enough with Foucault, Zaffaroni and believing that they are victims of the system and blah, you have to sit down to study criminalistics, seriously analyze each measure. I can put this and you can read several but there will be thousands of victims harassed who don’t even have that. Take charge! “, Píparo criticized in another tweet.
In a radio interview, Píparo clarified that he is not against prisoners using cell phones, although he stressed that a control is necessary. “There are many more Carolinas Píparos that nobody knows and that today are harassed by social networks”, assured Radio Miter.
Regarding Moreno’s messages, the legislator stated that her blood ran cold: “It was not enough to steal and shit on me, he shot me and at 10 he writes to me”.
Píparo was shot by Moreno during a leak in the city of La Plata on July 29, 2010, when she was 8 months pregnant. Her son died a week later.
The Italian Ministry of Justice has announced this Saturday that prisoners in three prisons inRome, Milan and SalernoThey will begin, in the middle of this month, to manufacture surgical masks to cover the deficit of this essential element of protection for the health workers who care for patients with coronavirus.
Prisoners will work on eight machines trained to manufacture up to 400,000 face masks daily. The first remittances will be distributed among the prison population and security guards, especially vulnerable to thecontagion.
Once that phase was over, the “considerablesurplus masksresulting from the operations “will be distributed among Italian hospitals.
At the beginning of last month, at the beginning ofhardest momentsAfter the crisis, Italian prisons became the scene of escapes and riots due to the inability of the authorities to guarantee the safety of neither prisoners nor guards.
The Minister of Justice,Alfonso Bonafede,confirmed that a total of 6,000 prisoners participated in riots or assaults of some kind, a dozen inmates died of overdoses and 12 carried out escape attempts. A total of 40 prison guards were injured.
At least 1,350 prisoners escaped on Monday from three prisons in the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo, the most populous in the country, after a series of riots motivated by restrictions on visits and temporary outings due to the fight against the coronavirus, authorities reported.
The Militarized Police (PM) from Sao Paulo indicated that at least 400 detainees escaped from Mongaguá, on the state’s coast; another 926, who were mostly in the semi-open regime, in Mirandópolis, interior of the state, and another thirty from Taubaté, in the region known as Vale do Paraíba.
According to the information, these and other prison centers present riots with an as yet unreported number of hostages. Lawyers who work in different prison centers reported that riots also occur in the cities of Oswaldo Cruz, Hortolandia, Pemano, Tremembé, Sao José dos Campos, Franco da Rocha, Sao Vicente, Valparaíso, Campinas and in Osasco, a municipality in the metropolitan region. from Sao Paulo, the regional capital.
The Union of Officials of the São Paulo State Prison System indicated that eight prison officials are being held hostage in Mongaguá.
According to the Militarized Police, in the Jardim Helena neighborhood of the São Paulo capital, it was a bus burned down from the public service and a patrol with agents was attacked with stones in Monte Mor, a municipality in the metropolitan region of Campinas.
So far, no criminal organization has claimed responsibility for the attacks and incitement for the prison riots that led to the mass escapes. The rebellions were motivated by the restrictions on the visits and temporary exits of prisoners adopted within the measures to control the coronavirus spread.
The Department of Public Security de Sao Paulo refrained from reporting the exact number of prisoners who escaped, but confirmed in a statement that “acts of insubordination are taking place in Mongaguá, Tremembé and Porto Feliz, in addition to the semi-open pavilion in Mirandópolis.” The regional body indicated that the reason for the riots was “the suspension of the temporary departure that was scheduled for Tuesday.”
“Both the Rapid Intervention Group (GIR) and the Militarized Police were activated and they are at the forefront of the situation“To recapture the escaped prisoners, the sources said.
The rebellions occurred in response to measures to control the spread of the COVID-19 ruled by the Sao Paulo judicial bodies that determined that the temporary release of prisoners with the right to the semi-open regime should be “rescheduled by the corrections judges of the prisons.”
The determination empowers the corregidor judges to reschedule “by joint act or in isolation, according to the new scenarios (for the health crisis) and in a better opportunity, «the Secretariat quoted.
“The measure was necessary because it would benefit more than 34,000 sentenced from the semi-open regime that, returning to prisons, they would increase the potential to contaminate and spread the coronavirus in a vulnerable population, generating health risks for public servants and those in custody, “the statement stressed. In the prisons where the escapes occurred, dozens of prisoners are still in mutiny in rebellions.
The local media there have been explosions and images of detainees with their faces covered burning mattresses. Authorities did not officially report whether there are hostages in the riots.
At least 1,350 prisoners escaped on Monday from three prisons in the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo, the country’s most populous, after a series of riots motivated by restrictions on visits and temporary exits due to the fight against the coronavirus, authorities reported.
The Militarized Police (PM) of Sao Paulo indicated that at least 400 detainees fled from Mongaguá, on the state coast; another 926, which were mostly in a semi-open regime, in Mirandópolis, interior of the state, and another 30 from Taubaté, in the region known as Vale do Paraíba. According to the information, riots are reported in these and other prison centers with a number of hostages not yet reported.
The rebellions were motivated by restrictions on the temporary visits and exits of prisoners taken as part of measures to control the spread of the coronavirus.
The São Paulo Public Security Secretariat has refrained from reporting the exact number of prisoners who escaped, but confirmed in a statement that “acts of insubordination are taking place in Mongaguá, Tremembé and Porto Feliz, in addition to the semi-open pavilion in Mirandópolis” .
The regional body indicated that the reason for the riots was “the suspension of the temporary departure that was scheduled for Tuesday.” “Both the Rapid Intervention Group (GIR) and the Militarized Police were activated and are at the forefront of the situation” to recapture the escaped prisoners, the sources said.
The riots were motivated by the measures to control the spread of COVID-19 ruled by the Sao Paulo judicial bodies, which decided that the temporary departure of prisoners with the right to the semi-open regime should be “rescheduled by the corrections judges of the presidios” .
“The measure was necessary because it would benefit more than 34,000 convicts of the semi-open regime, who, returning to prisons, would increase the potential to contaminate and spread the coronavirus in a vulnerable population, generating health risks for public servants and those in custody”, stressed the statement.
In the prisons where the escapes were recorded, dozens of prisoners are still in riot. Local media outlets have reported explosions and released images of detainees with covered faces burning mattresses.
Authorities did not report whether there are hostages in the riots.
The Ocaña, Palencia and Burgos prisons join the protocol to avoid infection
The prison population is calm about the coronavirus problem. Officials carry out a “pedagogical” task with the prisoners to keep them informed and to transmit them the advice in order to avoid infection, as prison sources have informed LA RAZÓN, who do not see any indication of alarm that incidents may occur, or even riots, as has happened in Italy.
The measures issued yesterday by the General Secretariat of Penitentiary Institutions have been extended today to the prisons of Ocaña, Palencia (Dueñas) and Burgos, which join all the penitentiary establishments in Madrid, Álava and La Rioja as a measure of containment of the coronavirus ( COVID-19).
In these half measures, it was established that communications are only allowed with inmates through the call center and that scheduled scheduled departures are prohibited, but not ordinary permits or pursuant to article 100.2.
Specifically, “all visits that are not made through the call center were suspended, and only access to labor or civil servants and extra-prison personnel whose work is essential will be allowed.” Therefore, the entrance to NGO volunteers, collaborating entities or accredited professionals is excluded.
The fact that ordinary communications, including lawyers, are authorized, since they take place in parlors separated by a glass partition, allow the inmate not to feel isolated since he can establish visual and verbal contact with his own.