The professionals in the gas attack the State

The cloth burns between the gas and the government. According to our information, the professional Association of the gas (AFG) will file an appeal before the Council of State to request the partial cancellation of the decree concerning the multi-annual programming of energy (EPP).

→ TO READ. Energy, the gas is advancing at the expense of coal

This is particularly the new environmental regulation (ER 2020) that will be required in the buildings. The professionals in the gas accused him of doing too much beautiful to electricity, which would result in the opposite effect sought, namely the reduction of emissions of CO2 to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

An electrification of the massive use of heating will only strengthen the leading power in the winter, which is often covered by imports, especially from thermal power plants in Germans, ” says Patrick Corbin, the president of the AFG.

The new regulation has already been postponed for six months

The gas are not the only ones to think so. Ten-eight professional organizations, including Enerplan, the union of pv, the Cibe for the wood, a Primer for local elected representatives or the association négaWatt, have addressed, with the AFG, an open letter to the prime minister on Tuesday 9 June.

They ask the public authorities to” an urgent review of the trade-offs “regarding the RE 2020, and the reform of the energy performance diagnostics (DPE) and the revision of the label low consumption Building (BBC).

In early may, the government announced the postponement at 1er July 2021 the implementation of the RE 2020, which had to be at 1er January.

Huge stakes behind the regulatory changes

The record is extremely technical and complex. The RE 2020 changes the” coefficient of the primary conversion “the electricity, that is to say, the quantity of primary energy (the one found in nature) necessary to obtain the final energy (the one that arrives at the consumer). It is lowered 2.58 2.3. Similarly, the emission factor of CO2 of the electricity used by the heating system has also been revised, going from 210 grams per kilowatt/hour to 79 g/kWh.

→ TO READ. The all-electric are required in new homes

As amended, these two indicators would virtually eliminate the gas in new housing, but also wood, biomass, and heat pumps, say the opponents.

EDF would seek to protect its nuclear

The conflict between the electricians and the gas is not new. The first to be blamed and to RT 2012 to be too favourable to the latter. It is the reverse today. The gas see it as a sub-hand the pressure exerted by EDF, which is seeking, they claim, to save its nuclear fleet and to build new reactors.

The group contends that the performance of the electrical appliances have greatly improved and that the peak of the winter is not as carbonated as in the past.

A plan of energy renovation in preparation

If tempers flare now, it is mostly because the government is preparing a comprehensive programme of energy renovation for the new school year, in the framework of the recovery plan. It could change the game for the millions of housing units concerned, both of which are building sites for professionals. Because if the RE 2020 applies to the nine, the modification of diagnoses of energy performance and of the BBC label affect the former.

The fact that they are now calculated in terms of final energy and in primary energy, is tantamount to impose everywhere the electricity for the renovations, says the AFG. According to her,” this new labeling will lead, in an unacceptable manner, and without works, out of the classes F and G (the worst in which we find the strainers thermal imaging, editor’s NOTE) approximately 3 million dwellings heated by electricity, and to bring in about 6 million homes heated by fuels “. It warns also against an increase in heating bills, which could be multiplied by three.


Isn’t research too disconnected from professionals and citizens?

“There is more participatory science than we think”

Christian Huyghe, agronomist, scientific director of agriculture at Inrae

Contrary to popular belief, there are several experiments in participatory science or action research in France. For example, at Inrae alone, in 1979, the Agrarian Systems and Development department was created which, in 2009, will be called Sciences for Action and Development and which, today, brings together workshop areas in Mirecourt (Vosges) or Pleine-Fougères (Ille-et-Vilaine).

In forestry as in animal genetics, professionals actively participate in the work of researchers and provide them with data that they record themselves. Thus the genetic improvement of cattle or sheep requires a large amount of zootechnical data (growth gain, milk production, fertility, prolificity …) necessary for geneticists to establish the value of such a bull or such cow and, by extrapolation, their descendants.

In fact, field experiments, carried out in real life, are as necessary as those carried out in experimental stations offering perfectly controlled conditions, with hyper-trained personnel, often helped by the latest technology. The former take maximum account of local and human conditions, while the latter seek to extract a general, theoretically extrapolable vision. Above all, they should not be opposed: very often, the “truth” will come from the connection of the two approaches. Farmers are not researchers, and researchers are not farmers.

“Collaborate more with research users”

Alain Pavé, Emeritus Professor of Bio Mathematics, University of Lyon and CNRS

The advent of experiments such as those currently carried out in Chizé are relatively new and rare if not unique. From the outset, their aim is to do research in close collaboration with the stakeholders, here the farmers, and therefore on part of their land. This innovation appeared around 1995 in the United States (Long Term Ecological Research), initiated in France in 2000, took the name of ” workshop area », In collaboration with agricultural institutes (INRA and Cemagref). Workshops were thus created in Armorica, the Iroise Sea, in river basins (Seine, Rhône, Adour-Garonne), in Antarctica and the subantarctic islands as well as in Guyana. The main idea is to do action research, through a contract.

It is a form of participatory science, in which the players in the field are particularly involved and do not intervene only downstream, once the experiment is finished, analyzed and published. The underlying idea is to make the science finalized, that is to say both fundamental and applied, so that the results can serve as a basis for political decision-making.

Admittedly, this type of experiment is particularly feasible in environmental sciences (agriculture, aquaculture, forestry), but probably not applicable to all fields of science. Finally, participatory action research, accepted and shared by both parties, is certainly a place of great research freedom which can potentially lead to impracticable progress in the context of project research.


FC Schalke 04: next drastic saving maneuver – the players …


FC Schalke 04: next drastic saving maneuver – the players must now …

Jochen Schneider negotiated a deal with the S04 professionals.

Jochen Schneider negotiated a deal with the S04 professionals.

Photo: imago images / Montage: DER WESTEN

Gelsenkirchen. The Corona compulsory break hits FC Schalke 04 hard. Because of the financial threat, the club has to save everywhere in order to remain solvent.

Now the club is taking another drastic step. After the partial waiver of the salaries of the professionals, there are apparently no further payments.

FC Schalke 04 cancels player awards

As the “Bild” reports, S04 sports director Jochen Schneider has now negotiated another savings deal with the professionals. When the Bundesliga starts again, the players therefore waive one third of the special bonuses that would normally be paid out if the team achieved certain successes.

The payment of another third is to be postponed so that the club has more money available immediately after the Corona break. The new deal means in concrete terms: Even if Schalke plays a successful remaining season, the club will continue to save and will not slip into insolvency thanks to numerous bonuses.

The new deal is the next drastic step on Schalke’s extreme austerity. The club had previously mutually reduced the salaries of professionals and leading employees. In addition, fans were asked to refrain from reimbursement of ticket prices; sponsors and partners should keep their booked VIP box seats.


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Also new is that S04 apparently sits down with the player advisors in order to save further money at this point. As the “picture”Reports, team planner Michael Reschke asked the player representatives for a partial repayment of the consultant’s fees – at least for the month of March.

Schalke is pursuing a consistent austerity course and leaves no stone unturned to make money. (the)


The Basque Government opens a fund with 2.5 million for cultural professionals

Basque culture professionals, one of the sectors hardest hit by the coronavirus crisis, will have a specific fund to “mitigate the damage caused” by the halt of their activities. This was announced this morning by the Minister for Culture and Language Policy, Bingen Zupiria, and the Minister for Employment and Social Affairs, Beatriz Artolazabal. Both departments, in collaboration with the Treasury, They prepare an aid program endowed with 2.5 million euros that they hope to launch at the end of this month.

It is a resource designed for workers «with intermittent or punctual contracts» that they cannot avail themselves of the general aid lines approved by the Basque Government. As explained by Beatriz Artolazabal, instead of calculating the losses they are suffering from the regulatory base of Social Security the income statement will be taken as a reference. As a general rule, professionals who meet the requirements will receive an amount equivalent to 70% of the monthly average of net income declared in the last income tax for cultural or creative activity, with a maximum limit of 1,200 euros per month.

Those who have started their work in recent months must submit a request to start the activity form and may receive the amount of the Minimum Interprofessional Salary (950 euros). The validity of the program runs from March 13, the day before the state of alarm is declared, until the quarantine ends and “the return to activity in face-to-face events in the field of culture” is authorized, the great uncertainty that it plans for the sector. In any case, it will not be kept for more than six months. The directors have not specified how many creators will be able to benefit from this financial support. They do contemplate that “depending on demand we can assess the need to expand the game.” An advisory service will also be launched next week for workers who are eligible for general aid.

«Close to the creators»

Thus the Basque Government steps forward in the face of the clamor of professionals, who have joined together in platforms to defend their interests. A week ago, it ruled out specific financial aid for culture and only contemplated “relaxing” some items. Bingen Zupiria explained that they were looking for a solution “consistent with other types of aid from Lanbide” and it was on Holy Saturday when they closed the agreement. In addition, you have specified that the 2.5 million earmarked for this purpose come from an amendment agreed with Podemos during the budget negotiation and intended in principle for training in the field of culture.

The counselor says his department has been “close to creators and producers” since before the crisis caused a flood of cancellations. Culture “is the third sector, along with agriculture and fishing”, which receives specific support from the Basque Government “in the face of the particularly serious consequences of the crisis on the economy and employment”. Zupiria is aware that we are living “an unprecedented situation that will require unprecedented responses”. Keep in touch with the provincial councils, the municipalities of the three capitals and Eudel to provide more solutions. One of the measures that have been put on the table is the recovery of the Culture Bond that was implemented in the previous crisis, but “as of today it is not supported by the other institutions.”


Five thousand professionals from Farmaindustria companies are dedicated to research




The role of scientific researchers in the well-being and development of societies has shown these weeks even more, if possible, its enormous relevance. In the midst of the tough fight against the coronavirus pandemic, everyone is looking forward to research, hoping for effective treatment as soon as possible. In Pharmaindustry companies, around 5,000 professionals are dedicated day to day to this work: research and develop new drugs and vaccines that allow improving the health and quality of life of people.

This professional strength, added to the 1,150 million annually that these companies dedicate each year to research and development activities, a large part of these resources in collaborative projects, places the pharmaceutical industry as the main stimulator of the Spanish research tissue, and especially from the public investigation.

In our country, the profile of the professional dedicated to R&D in the pharmaceutical industry is mostly female. Currently, two out of every three jobs in the R&D area of ​​pharmaceutical companies correspond to women, a rate even higher 52% of all jobs they work in the sector, which also stands out for its high quality and qualified employment. The relevance of research in the pharmaceutical industry and the boost that this sector gives to female employment is reflected in one piece of information: one in four researchers working in the Spanish industry does so in pharmaceutical companies.

Pharmaceutical companies invest more than 1,100 million each year in R&D, 20% of the total of all industrial sectors

«Today, before the celebration, next Friday, of Scientific Investigator’s Day, it must be remembered that many of these researchers in the pharmaceutical industry around the world are focusing their efforts on finding a solution to the coronavirus pandemic – notes the general director of Pharmaindustry, Humberto Arnés-. But, since long before, the work of these thousands of professionals has made medicine experience in the last decades an advance of such caliber that it has allowed people to live longer and better than ever, which is one of the great milestones in history ».

Reference in clinical drug trials

Much of the work of these researchers is done in collaboration with other professionals. Not surprisingly, of all the funds allocated by the Spanish pharmaceutical industry to R&D, almost half correspond to research projects developed in collaboration with hospitals (clinical trials) and public and private research centers. The rest of the investment in research is dedicated to basic, preclinical or galenic research, together with post-authorization, pharmacoeconomics and epidemiology studies and for technological development programs. These figures have consolidated pharmaceutical laboratories such as the leading industrial sector in Spain by volume of investment devoted to research: one out of every five euros that the Spanish industry dedicates to R&D (20.3%) comes from these companies.


funeral professionals prepare for the peak of the epidemic

We are reduced to putting bodies in boxes. “ Between two calls – her phone has not stopped ringing for a few days – Florence Fresse is saddened by the reduction of her profession to her primary function in the face of the Covid-19 epidemic. “What we like in our job is to organize the funeral and welcome the mourners”, sighs the general delegate of the French Federation of Undertakers (FFPF). Two services almost impossible in confinement time.

” For the time being, she continues, the situation remains manageable because the peak has not yet been reached. ” “It all depends on the height of the wave”, analyzes in turn Richard Feret, Deputy Managing Director of the Confederation of Undertakers and Marble (CPFM). “If the wave is strong, we can cope, but if it is a surge, we will probably be overwhelmed. “ However, he refuses to put forward a figure and prefers to point out that, except in the case of Covid-19, the current mortality is rather low.

Upstream, the mortuary chambers of hospitals should be able to cope with the increase in the number of remains, says Grégoire Moutel, clinician and teacher-researcher in forensic medicine. Provided, however, he specifies, that the flow between the arrivals and departures of corps should be so “Continuous, and faster than usual”.

The question of the contagiousness of the deceased

More than the overload of activity, it is the problem of deaths outside hospital that worries funeral professionals. When a Covid-19 patient dies in the hospital, it is the caregivers who put their body in a cover. “For a death at home or in a nursing home, explains Florence Fresse, we are on the front line. The situation is all the more worrying since there is no post-mortem Covid-19 test performed and contagiousness after death is unknown.

In the case of deaths from Covid-19, funeral directors must therefore wear health equipment similar to that of carers. “At the moment, we are running on stocks and on mutual aid”, explains Richard Feret. “From February 26, annoys Florence Fresse, we asked to be one of the priority recipients of the equipment: we received no response. “If we don’t have no masks soon, the situation will become complicated in the coming weeks “, warns the deputy director general of the CPFM by putting into play a “Risk of public health” if the undertaker can no longer carry on their activity.

According to the latter, the concerns of the funeral directors have further worsened with a notice from the High Council for Public Health (HCSP) published Wednesday, March 25. Canceling the recommendations of February 18, this document allows relatives of a deceased Covid-19 to see his face before the cover is closed, a possibility that was previously not allowed. “Funeral professionals do not understand this reverse, which does not correspond to what is practiced in other countries like Italy”, assures Richard Feret.

Coffins made in France

If he understands these “Legitimate fears”, Professor Grégoire Moutel nevertheless wishes to emphasize that according to infectious diseases, a deceased carrier of Covid-19 is no more contagious than a living one. He says so “Personally satisfied” of these new provisions of the HCSP which allow the work of mourning for families, on condition of respecting the famous barrier gestures. ” It is necessary, he continues, that loved ones take the instructions even if they are difficult.

If the FFPF and the CPFM fear a possible future shortage of protective equipment, they are however reassuring on the equipment in coffins. Almost all are made in France, says Florence Fresse, thus ruling out any risk of shortage. ” Provided that, does it nuance however, that manufacturers have the necessary manpower.


Book professionals and the coronavirus

Like all sectors of commerce and industry, the book sector has to face the unprecedented situation created by containment measures. After the physical bookstores closed on Saturday March 15, many publishers began announcing on Monday March 16 the postponement of their publications from March to April, ” shifted to the different offices in May, June and July ” or “ postponed indefinitely “Say the press releases.

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The Syndicate of the French Bookstore (SLF) specified Monday that “ delivery of offices will be suspended for all sales networks so that there is no distortion of competition ” Some publishers have also asked all aspiring authors to “Postpone the sending of manuscripts », Since their teams are no longer able to process them…

Adapting day by day

In recent days, bookstores have been trying to organize themselves, showing creativity, offering home delivery at 1 penny. But the closure of physical booksellers will quickly lead booksellers to be unable to deliver to their customers due to a lack of supplies. In addition, the Syndicat de la Librairie Française (SLF) called on Monday March 16 for caution: ” any delivery or withdrawal method that would promote the development of exchanges is not recommended. It is moreover likely that the transport of non-priority goods will be regulated, or even prohibited, in the hours or days to come, rendering online orders ineffective, whether on a bookstore site or on Amazon.

Book professionals and the coronavirus

In this context, many booksellers and retailers have made strong and difficult decisions. Director of La Procure Jean-Baptiste Passé assumed on Tuesday March 17 the imminent closure of his online sale, to preserve the health of his teams: We have to adapt day by day and even hour by hour to the evolution of the situation, firstly from a salary and health point of view for our teams. Our stores are closed and now empty of all personnel, and we stop online sales of printed books on Tuesday March 17, after fulfilling orders placed until March 16 at midnight. It’s a painful but inevitable decision

The risk of giving ground to Amazon

Pointing out emergencies for his business and the entire sector, including the need to postpone deadlines to June, the store manager The Procure admits to the risk of opening a path for Amazon during this period. ” This is a risk, the situation of online commerce not being specified by government decisions, confirms Jean-Baptiste Passé. This puts Amazon at this favorable time. But we will not be opportunists, charity and social responsibility prevail. They must also prevail among consumers who, yielding to the temptation of Amazon, would expose the health of its employees. We must invite sobriety, to immerse yourself in books in your library and read the divine Bible

→ PRACTICAL. Coronavirus: download the certificate required for any trip

In this context of uncertainty, some would dream of a big potential winner: reading. ” Read on. Also find this sense of the essential. I think it’s important in the times we’re living in. Culture, education, meaning is important “, Underlined the president of the Republic Emmanuel Macron during his speech Monday March 16.

Book professionals and the coronavirus

A good time to read

Communications from many publishers have been going in this direction in recent days: Reading is wonderful because it allows you to get away, dream, travel … So keep talking about books. To strengthen the taste for reading for some and to make it hatch for others “, Mobilizes for example the cartoon editor Bamboo. All publishers’ sites invite you, like that of the Dilettante to listen to sound clips from both books of their catalog in resonance with current events, recommending the digital version of their books already published.

It’s time for reading, also plead the Allary editions, which indicate ” halve the price of its digital books throughout the confinement period », And offers to send a dedicated book to a loved one since his Online Store, concluding: ” To understand our world, to escape or overcome an ordeal, there is no better than a good book


if in doubt, propose a report to implement the appropriate aid

OUR ADVICE – Associations of families of children with developmental coordination problems are very useful in indicating which professional to turn to near you.

Through Nathalie Szapiro-Manoukian

Developmental coordination disorder (CDD), or dyspraxia, severely penalizes children for their gestural skills, including writing.
Developmental coordination disorder (CDD), or dyspraxia, severely penalizes children for their gestural skills, including writing. 276372506 / –

It is a question that any child with a neurodevelopmental disorder can benefit from an early check-up package up to and including 12 years old, from 2021 “, explains the Dr Caroline Huron, psychiatrist, Inserm researcher in the Unicog laboratory (Cognitive Neuroimaging Lab). There is an emergency, because there is a lack of a suitable diagnostic route throughout the territory, including the consultation of a psychomotor therapist or an occupational therapist, and a doctor trained in neurodevelopment. In the meantime, family associations are very useful in indicating which professional to turn to near you.

“It is essential to have an assessment based on standardized and standardized tools in the area of ​​motor and cognitive functions, confirms Pr Laurence Vaivre-Douret (clinical neuropsychologist AP-HP Center in Necker, researcher at Paris Descartes University). The diagnosis requires a consultation of one hour to one hour thirty. Must be eliminated

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