Corona News: Regions in eleven EU countries risk areas – politics

The federal government has declared regions in eleven countries of the European Union to be corona risk areas due to the increasing number of infections. This also includes areas in the neighboring countries of Denmark, the Czech Republic, France, Austria and the Netherlands. This emerges from the list of the Robert Koch Institute updated on Wednesday evening. In total, 14 of the 27 EU member states are now fully or partially designated as corona risk areas.

Regions in Denmark, Portugal, Ireland and Slovenia were added on Wednesday. In addition, other regions in France, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Croatia, Romania, Austria and Hungary were identified as risk areas. The Foreign Office also issued a travel warning for all these areas on Wednesday evening.

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The Reuters news agency reports that the Federal Foreign Office has issued travel warnings for the Portuguese capital Lisbon and the French regions of Center-Val-de-Loire, Normandy and Brittany. In addition, warnings are given against unnecessary tourist trips to the Irish capital Dublin and the Czech Republic, with the exception of the Aussiger region and the Moravian-Silesian region.

Travelers returning from risk areas must be tested for corona 48 hours before or after entering the country. The travel warning is not a prohibition, but is intended to have a significant deterrent effect. However, it also has a positive side for consumers: it enables travelers to cancel bookings free of charge.

Minister Maas and Altmaier in quarantine as a precaution

After Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, Economics Minister Peter Altmaier also went into corona quarantine on Wednesday. “This afternoon I learned that an employee of an EU minister who was present at the Council of Trade Ministers in Berlin tested positive for Corona,” announced the CDU politician on Twitter. “As a precaution, I went to quarantine at home. I tested negative on Friday and I’m doing very well,” he continued.

On Sunday and Monday, Altmaier hosted the EU trade ministers’ meeting in Berlin and emphasized the strict corona requirements for the meeting. As a precaution, the CDU minister had himself tested on Friday to make sure that he, as host, would not infect the guests from the 27 EU countries and Brussels. Of the guests, on the other hand, only those who came to Berlin from a risk area had to be tested before arriving.

The Federal Foreign Office had previously announced on Wednesday that Foreign Minister Maas had gone into quarantine because one of his bodyguards was infected with the virus. Therefore, Maas has to cancel his planned trip to Jordan. A first corona test with the SPD politician on Wednesday was negative, said a spokeswoman. The Foreign Office is now working with the public health service to determine whether and to what extent other people could be affected and what measures should then be taken. The length of the Meuse quarantine remained unclear for the time being.

Nationwide record for new infections in Hamm

In the city of Hamm with the nationwide highest numbers of new corona infections, the value continues to climb. On Wednesday, 94.9 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants were recorded within seven days, a spokesman for the city said. On Tuesday, the city with 182,000 inhabitants named 87.1 in the central so-called seven-day incidence. According to the Robert Koch Institute, Hamm was already at the forefront of the infection rate across Germany with an increased value of 80.4. The difference is due to different reporting channels and times.

Since Wednesday, only five people or people from two households have been allowed to stay together in Hamm in order to protect against the pandemic. The student body and the teaching staff in secondary schools must also wear mouth and nose protection during lessons, unless a minimum distance of 1.50 meters is ensured. The conditions decided on Tuesday are initially valid for two weeks.

The city spokesman said: “We assume that the people will support the measures.” You are in an “extreme situation”. However, they do not want to take any further steps at first – unless there is a “new large peak”. The city hopes to be over the mountain by the middle of next week.

The trigger for the corona wave there was a large wedding and associated festivals that took place in Hamm and Dortmund at the beginning of September and a week later in Werl. A total of at least 309 participants from Hamm were present there, all of whom have to be quarantined and tested. “We are in the process of finding out who are responsible and examining how we can hold them accountable,” the spokesman said. This is especially true for the bride and groom and the operator of the location in Hamm. Fines or damages are conceivable.

Federal government draws a positive balance on the Corona warning app

The German Corona Warning app has been available for download for 100 days. Health Minister Jens Spahn and Chancellery Minister Helge Braun took stock at a joint press conference for this reason. It was already known that the app’s balance sheet is impressive – at least when it comes to the number of downloads.

In no other western country has a comparable application been downloaded as often as the application from the Robert Koch Institute. There are now 18.2 million downloads. Since some users have also uninstalled the app or switched off the Bluetooth signals, the number of active users is lower. Experts estimate that 15 million people in Germany actively use the application. This also corresponds to the order of magnitude of the daily access to the Telekom server, where the app downloads the list of all daily keys from the smartphones that are associated with positive test results every 24 hours. Theoretically, 50 million smartphones in Germany are available for download.

Spahn said the app was “an integral part of the everyday pandemic” and not a panacea, but a tool of many in the fight against the virus. Around 5000 users have so far informed other people about a possible infection using the app. That doesn’t sound like much at first, said Spahn. Thousands have been warned that they may be infected. However, Spahn also said that as many people had not used the opportunity to warn others after a positive result, but still called the app a “great success story”.

Chancellery Minister Helge Braun said that because of the high level of data protection in the app, there are few concrete figures about how well the app works. The high level of data protection is not a weakness, but an express strength of the app. Braun also appealed to the population to continue using the app in view of the expected increase in the number of cases in autumn and winter.

400,000 people in other countries downloaded the app in order to use it in Germany. In the autumn it should be possible for the German warning app to also work with other European warning apps. Specifically, a German user could then be warned by a user with an app from another European country if they want to inform contact persons about a possible infection.

However, there are also critics who question the effectiveness of the app. These doubts are also fed by technical inadequacies. The developers of the application, SAP and Deutsche Telekom, draw a positive balance after 100 days, the download figures are a “vote of confidence from the population”. The app uses Bluetooth signals to record which smartphones have come close to each other. However, Bluetooth was never developed for this task. Therefore, the creators of the app have to calculate with values ​​that are often not exact.

The contact determination via Bluetooth is not the only function of the app. The application also calculates the risk, which results from the total time of all risk encounters in the past 14 days. During the first 100 days, this risk assessment did not always work reliably. So it turned out that the app on the iPhone had intermittent dropouts. As a result, some users were not warned or warned too late. After several attempts, this error was fixed in cooperation with Apple.

Leopoldina advises national regulations for autumn

The National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina is calling for uniform rules for all of Germany for the Corona autumn a week before Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) consults with the Prime Minister of the federal states. “In order to counter the risk of the pandemic developing more difficult to control in Germany in good time, it is urgently necessary that those responsible in the federal and state governments quickly agree on nationwide binding, effective and uniform rules for the entry into force of preventive measures and these more consistently implement and enforce than before, “said a statement by the academy published on Wednesday.

Since the beginning of the pandemic, the scientists have issued statements several times in which they have formulated policy recommendations for dealing with the corona pandemic. The recommendations were incorporated into the discussions between Merkel and the prime minister. They want to discuss how to proceed again next Tuesday. In addition, the Chancellor will meet with the 16 country leaders in a video conference. The background is the increasing number of infections in Europe and Germany and the fear that the situation could worsen again in autumn and winter. “With a view to a possible tense situation in autumn and winter, nationwide uniform rules and escalation levels should be defined for protective measures that take effect depending on the regional infection rate,” recommend the Leopoldina experts.

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Digital Medicine – France fined US $ 524 million pharmaceutical companies Novartis, Roche and Genentech for “abusive practices”

Paris, France. The French Competition Authority imposed a record fine of 444 million euros (US $ 524 million) on the Swiss laboratories Novartis and Roche and the American Genentech, accused of “abusive practices”.

This is the largest collective fine ever imposed by the French authorities on pharmaceutical companies.

In a statement, the French Competition Authority explained that Genentech, Novartis and Roche engaged in abusive “dominant position” behavior in order to preserve the position and price of Lucentis and to curb the cancer drug Avastin, which does not have authorization to be used in macular degeneration.

Lucentis is a treatment for macular degeneration (AMD), an age-related retinal disease, developed by Genentech, whose capital is linked to that of the Swiss groups Roche and Novartis.

However, doctors realized that another Genentech drug, Avastin, had positive effects on AMD and began to prescribe it despite the fact that it does not have a marketing authorization for this disease.

Avastin costs 30 times less than Lucentis. An Avastin injection costs between 30 and 40 euros, compared to 1.16 euros for Lucentis.

According to the competition authority, Novartis “tried to thwart the initiatives of ophthalmologists who, within the framework of their freedom of prescription, decided to prescribe Avastin, outside of its marketing authorization.”

“Novartis, Roche and Genentech were also sanctioned for having applied a series of blocking measures and for having disseminated an alarming and sometimes misleading message to public authorities about the risks associated with the use of Avastin for the treatment of AMD. ”.

Agencia AFP

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Corona News: Maas has to be quarantined – policy

Federal Foreign Minister Heiko Maas has quarantined one of his bodyguards because of the corona infection. A first test for Covid 19 disease was negative on Wednesday, however, said the Foreign Office. How long Maas will remain in quarantine was initially unclear.

Maas can therefore not set off on a planned trip to Jordan. The German Foreign Minister wanted to meet there with his colleagues from France, Egypt and Jordan to talk about Middle East policy. It is now being checked whether video switching is possible, it said in Berlin.

News about the coronavirus – twice a day by email or push message

All reports on the current situation in Germany and worldwide as well as the most important news of the day – twice a day with SZ Espresso. Our Newsletter brings you up to date in the morning and in the evening. Free registration: sz.de/espresso. In our News app (download here) You can have the espresso or breaking news too Subscribe as a push message.

The Foreign Office also announced that it should be clarified in cooperation with the public health service whether other people are affected. All potentially affected persons would be contacted promptly.

Chancellor Angela Merkel also went into quarantine for two weeks in March because of a corona infection of her vaccine doctor and had worked from home during that time. On Tuesday, EU Council President Charles Michel had to go into quarantine, which is why the EU summit was postponed by one week to October 1st and 2nd.

Nationwide record for new infections in Hamm

In the city of Hamm with the nationwide highest number of new corona infections, the value continues to climb. On Wednesday, 94.9 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants were recorded within seven days, a spokesman for the city said. On Tuesday, the city of 182,000 people named 87.1 in the central so-called seven-day incidence. According to the Robert Koch Institute, Hamm was already at the forefront of the infection rate across Germany on Wednesday with an increased value of 80.4. The difference is due to different reporting channels and times.

Since Wednesday, only five people or people from two households have been allowed to stay together in Hamm in order to protect against the pandemic. The student body and the teaching staff in secondary schools must also wear mouth and nose protection during lessons, unless a minimum distance of 1.50 meters is ensured. The conditions decided on Tuesday are initially valid for two weeks.

The city spokesman said: “We assume that the people will support the measures.” You are in an “extreme situation”. However, they do not want to take any further steps at first – unless there is a “new large peak”. The city hopes to be over the mountain by the middle of next week.

The trigger for the corona wave there was a large wedding and associated festivities that took place in Hamm and Dortmund at the beginning of September and a week later in Werl. A total of at least 309 participants from Hamm were present there, all of whom have to be quarantined and tested. “We are in the process of finding out who are responsible and examining how we can hold them accountable,” the spokesman said. This is especially true for the bride and groom and the operator of the location in Hamm. Fines or damages are conceivable.

Federal government draws a positive balance on the Corona warning app

The German Corona Warning app has been available for download for 100 days. Health Minister Jens Spahn and Chancellery Minister Helge Braun took stock of this at a joint press conference. It was already known that the app’s balance sheet is impressive – at least when it comes to the number of downloads.

In no other western country has a comparable application been downloaded as often as the application from the Robert Koch Institute. There are now 18.2 million downloads. Since some users have also uninstalled the app or switched off the Bluetooth signals, the number of active users is lower. Experts estimate that 15 million people in Germany actively use the application. This also corresponds to the magnitude of the daily access to the Telekom server, where the app downloads the list of all daily keys from the smartphones every 24 hours that are associated with positive test results. Theoretically, 50 million smartphones in Germany are available for download.

Spahn said the app was “an integral part of the everyday pandemic” and not a panacea, but a tool of many in the fight against the virus. Around 5000 users have so far informed other people about a possible infection using the app. That doesn’t sound like much at first, said Spahn. Thousands have been warned that they may be infected. However, Spahn also said that as many people did not use the opportunity to warn others after a positive result, but called the app a “great success story”.

Chancellery Minister Helge Braun said that because of the high level of data protection in the app, there are few concrete figures about how well the app works. The high level of data protection is not a weakness, but an express strength of the app. Braun also appealed to the population to continue using the app in view of the expected increase in the number of cases in autumn and winter.

400,000 people in other countries downloaded the app in order to use it in Germany. In the autumn it should be possible for the German warning app to also work with other European warning apps. Specifically, a German user could then be warned by a user with an app from another European country if the user wants to inform contact persons about a possible infection.

However, there are also critics who question the effectiveness of the app. These doubts are also fed by technical inadequacies. The developers of the application, SAP and Deutsche Telekom, draw a positive balance after 100 days, the download figures are a “vote of confidence from the population”. The app uses Bluetooth signals to record which smartphones have come close to each other. However, Bluetooth was never developed for this task. Therefore, the makers of the app have to calculate with values ​​that are often not exact.

The contact determination via Bluetooth is not the only function of the app. The application also calculates the risk resulting from the total time of all risk encounters over the past 14 days. During the first 100 days, this risk assessment did not always work reliably. So it turned out that the app on the iPhone had intermittent dropouts. As a result, some users were not warned or warned too late. After several attempts, this error was fixed in cooperation with Apple.

Mai Thi Nguyen-Kim receives Friedrichs Prize ARCHIVE – 27.04.2018, North Rhine-Westphalia, Cologne: The presenter Mai Thi Nguyen-Kim is in the studio after the recording of the WDR talk show ´Kölner Treff “. The chemist and science journalist is the winner of the Hanns-Joachim-Friedrichs-Preis 2019. (to dpa ´Two science journalists receive Friedrichs-Preis “) Photo: Henning Kaiser / dpa +++ dpa-Bildfunk +++ | Usage worldwide

(Foto: picture alliance/dpa)

Leopoldina advises national regulations for autumn

The National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina is calling for uniform rules for all of Germany for the Corona autumn a week before Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) consults with the Prime Ministers of the federal states. “In order to counter the risk of the pandemic developing more difficult to control in Germany in good time, it is urgently necessary that those responsible in the federal and state governments quickly agree on nationwide binding, effective and uniform rules for the entry into force of preventive measures and these more consistently implement and enforce than before, “said a statement by the academy published on Wednesday.

Since the beginning of the pandemic, the scientists have issued statements several times in which they have formulated policy recommendations for dealing with the corona pandemic. The recommendations were incorporated into the discussions between Merkel and the prime minister. They want to discuss how to proceed again next Tuesday. In addition, the Chancellor will meet with the 16 country leaders in a video conference. The background is the increasing number of infections in Europe and Germany and the fear that the situation could worsen again in autumn and winter. “With a view to a possible tense situation in autumn and winter, nationwide uniform rules and escalation levels should be defined for protective measures that take effect depending on the regional infection situation,” recommend the Leopoldina experts.

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U.S. CDC takes down coronavirus airborne transmission guidance

(Reuters) – The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on Monday took down its guidance warning on possible airborne transmission of the novel coronavirus, saying that the draft recommendation was posted in error.

The now-withdrawn guidance, posted on the agency’s website on Friday, recommended that people use air purifiers to reduce airborne germs indoors to avoid the disease from spreading.

“CDC is currently updating its recommendations regarding airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Once this process has been completed, the update language will be posted,” the agency said.

The CDC did not immediately respond to Reuters request for comment on when the guidance will be updated.

The health agency had said that COVID-19 could spread through airborne particles that can remain suspended in the air and travel beyond six feet.

Presently, the agency’s guidance says the virus mainly spreads from person-to-person through respiratory droplets, which can land in the mouth or nose of people nearby. (bit.ly/2EknVZc)

Earlier this month, U.S. President Donald Trump took exception to comments from the CDC director, who said masks might be even more effective than a vaccine for the novel coronavirus that could be broadly rolled out in mid-2021.

That followed a New York Times report that guidance about novel coronavirus testing posted last month on the CDC’s website was not written by the agency’s scientists and was posted over their objections.

The World Health Organization has not changed its policy on aerosol transmission of the coronavirus, it said on Monday.

The agency still believes the disease is primarily spread through droplets, but that in enclosed crowded spaces with inadequate ventilation, aerosol transmission can occur, said Mike Ryan, executive director of the WHO’s emergencies program.

Reporting by Manas Mishra in Bengaluru, Stephanie Nebehay in Geneva and Kate Kelland in London; Editing by Ramakrishnan M. and Shinjini Ganguli

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U.S. CDC says coronavirus could spread through air

Sept 21 (Reuters) – The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has warned that COVID-19 could spread through airborne particles that can remain suspended in the air and travel beyond six feet.

The agency previously said the virus mainly spreads from person to person through respiratory droplets when a sick person coughs, sneezes or talks.

The updated guidance, posted on the agency’s website on Friday, also recommended that people use air purifiers to reduce airborne germs indoors to avoid the disease from spreading. (bit.ly/2EknVZc)

Airborne viruses are among the most contagious, and the CDC warned that poorly-ventilated places increase the risk of spreading.

Studies have shown that the new coronavirus could spread through aerosols in the air, and the World Health Organization has said it is monitoring “emerging evidence” of possible airborne transmission.

Reporting by Manas Mishra in Bengaluru; Editing by Ramakrishnan M.

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Digital Medicine – Vaccination, in times of pandemic

Mexico City. The coronavirus pandemic is dragging on, and to top it off, the peak season for another infectious disease is just around the corner: influenza. At a time when respiratory diseases have gained relevance in the global public interest, medical experts highlighted during the 3rd Flu Summit: ‘Together protecting the world’, the importance of vaccination against the influenza virus as a priority issue on the agenda national.

As a direct result of vaccination, approximately 2 to 3 million lives are saved each year.[iii] However, being one of the most effective public health interventions, 3 to 5 million serious influenza cases are reported worldwide.[iv] and there is an annual estimate of 290,000 to 650,000 respiratory deaths as a consequence of complications from this disease.[v]

“All people are at risk of contracting influenza, since the disease is easily transmitted by coughing, sneezing or talking, however, there are certain groups of people who are more vulnerable to developing complications associated with influenza such as people who they live with diabetes, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, those over 50, pregnant women and children, among others. These people should be vaccinated as soon as the influenza season begins, starting in October, ”commented Dr. Ricardo Iglesias, from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

After an influenza infection, the risk of a heart attack increases 10 times, while people living with diabetes are 3 to 6 times more likely to be hospitalized and the risk of death from complications is 6 times greater in this group .[vi] “Fortunately, we can face this scenario thanks to vaccination, which today is the most effective way to prevent influenza and especially for people at high risk of complications,” added Iglesias.

For her part, Dr. Flor Muñoz, from Texas Children’s Hospital in the United States of America, mentioned that “Despite all efforts, influenza viruses continue to represent one of the greatest infectious disease challenges worldwide, hence the importance of protecting against influenza and especially now that it will coexist with the circulation of SARS – Cov2 that causes COVID-19 ”. She also stressed that “It is very important to vaccinate the school-age population, since they are considered super-spreaders of the virus to the rest of the community. Only in 2019, this group was the second most affected by influenza, hence vaccination for this population group becomes important during the influenza season that is about to begin ”.

The challenge: recover vaccination schedules

Currently, the world faces multiple health challenges ranging from outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases such as measles and diphtheria, to doubts about the benefits of vaccines (reluctance or rejection) that threaten to reverse the progress made. in the fight against vaccine-preventable diseases.[vii]

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and according to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), vaccination coverage rates worldwide have gone down.[viii]. So far in 2020, in Mexico vaccination coverage of children under one year of age decreased by 21% versus the first half of 2019[ix] and only 4 out of 10 children under one year of age have an incomplete vaccination schedule,[x] For this reason, today more than ever and despite the pandemic, it is extremely important to go to vaccinate babies and children following all safety measures since the clinics remain open and the vaccination programs have not stopped.

For his part, Dr. Gary Marshall, Pediatric Infectologist and Chief of the Division of Pediatric Infectology at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, stated that: “Vaccines are among the great achievements that humanity has had and represent one of the safest medical developments in the world, as its main function is disease prevention. On the contrary, resistance to vaccination can lead to significant damage to health and the suspension of vaccination services could become a great threat to life. “

“We continue to face challenges such as access and distrust in vaccines that keep us exposed to threats that could be fatal if not attended to in time, so it is relevant to share scientific information on the subject in order to increase trust and therefore increase vaccination rates ”. Today more than ever and in the face of the panorama that the world is experiencing, we must understand the value of vaccination and make use of all the vaccines that today can help us prevent more than 26 diseases ”, concluded Marshall.

For its part, Sanofi Pasteur reinforced its commitment to protecting public health through the essential supply of influenza vaccine worldwide and reaffirmed its purpose to continue working so that no one suffers or dies from a preventable disease caused by vaccination.

Drafting MD

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[i] UNICEF (2020). Immunize the children who need it most, available at: https://www.unicef.org/es/immunizacion

[ii] WHO (2019). WHO launches new global influenza strategy, available at: https://www.who.int/es/news-room/detail/11-03-2019-who-launches-new-global-influenza-strategy

[iii] UNICEF (2020). Immunize the children who need it most, available at: https://www.unicef.org/es/immunizacion

[iv] WHO (2018). Influenza (Seasonal), available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/influenza-(seasonal)

[v] WHO (2019). WHO launches new global influenza strategy, available at: https://www.who.int/es/news-room/detail/11-03-2019-who-launches-new-global-influenza-strategy

[vi] Sanofi Pasteur (2020). Influenza is a serious infection that can have unexpected, severe consequences, disponible en: https://www.sanofi.com/-/media/Project/One-Sanofi-Web/Websites/Global/Sanofi-COM/Home/media-room/fact-sheet/Backgrounder_SP_Influenza_EN_20200811.pdf?la=en&hash=3263B4212502ECC20B3D3895DD0D6DFF

[vii] PAHO (2019). What are the top 10 health threats in 2019, available at: https://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=14916:ten-threats-to-global-health-in -2019 & Itemid = 135 & lang = en

[viii] WHO (2020). WHO and UNICEF warn of a decrease in vaccinations during COVID-19, available at: https://www.who.int/es/news-room/detail/15-07-2020-who-and-unicef- warn-of-a-decline-in-vaccinations-during-covid-19

[ix] General Directorate of Health Information (2019-2020). Dynamic Cubes. Services Granted 2019 and 2020, available at: http://sinba08.salud.gob.mx/cubos/cubosis2019_plataforma_sinba.htm and http://sinba08.salud.gob.mx/cubos/cubosis2020_sinba.htm

[x] General Directorate of Health Information (2019-2020). Dynamic Cubes. Services Granted 2019 and 2020, available at: http://sinba08.salud.gob.mx/cubos/cubosis2019_plataforma_sinba.htm and http://sinba08.salud.gob.mx/cubos/cubosis2020_sinba.htm

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Digital Medicine – Hemophilia Federation launches campaign to inform patients about the availability of treatments in public health institutions

Mexico City. With almost 30 years of work in providing access to health for people living with hemophilia in Mexico, the Federation of Hemophilia of the Mexican Republic (FHRM) presented the campaign #TodosfamiliaTodosHemofilia that aims to inform people living with this condition on access to treatment and a prophylaxis scheme, which is currently guaranteed in the national health system.

Today the community that lives with Hemophilia, still faces different problems to have access to treatment, among them are: ignorance of diagnosis, that the patient is in communities far from specialized health institutions, lack of information about the availability of treatment and not having social security.

Although treatment is already available, of the more than 5,800 people living with hemophilia in Mexico, only 30% of the pediatric population and 8% of the adult population have access to a prophylactic treatment scheme1, this means It is applied periodically to prevent bleeding and joint damage.

Minerva Cruz, president of the FHRM board of directors, affirmed that, “we can all join this campaign thanks to technology, since, by sharing it with a message, a video, an audio or an image, we could change someone’s life still miles away; a simple action like this would help us to inform and detect possible patients ”, he highlighted.

Hemophilia is the deficiency or absence of factor VIII (type A) or factor IX (type B), which prevents the blood from clotting as it should, lack of treatment generates mainly motor sequelae and an episode of bleeding not treated correctly or in time can have a fatal outcome.

At present, hemophilia should no longer be a death sentence, nor cause disabilities, since today there are all therapeutic alternatives for a person living with hemophilia to have a full and unlimited life, as long as they have the appropriate treatment , adequate and sufficient.

“We are facing an unprecedented effort in Mexico, in which the government, health institutions and civil society have joined in order to help people living with hemophilia, but it is important to raise awareness among the patient and their families so that they attend to the health institutions to receive the treatment ”, concluded the representative of the FHRM.

The campaign will have a nationwide multimedia outlet, through the Federation’s social networks (Website, Facebook and YouTube), radio and peripherals, with the aim of impacting both Internet users and the most vulnerable populations for who access to information is more limited.

For more information on this condition, the Federation makes available the page Hemofilia.org.mx

Drafting MD

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Digital Medicine – Irma Egoavil new president of AMIIF

Mexico City. The Board of Directors of the Mexican Association of Pharmaceutical Research Industries AC (AMIIF), formalized the appointment and protest of Irma Egoavil as president of the Association for the rest of the period March 2020- March 2021.

Irma Egoavil, General Director of Ferring México and who previously served as Vice President of AMIIF, takes over from Ana Longoria, who will assume a new role at Novartis.

With Irma Egoavil in the presidency, the AMIIF will continue:

· Building alliances between the public sector, academia, civil society and the private sector to promote timely access to innovative therapies that have a significant and positive impact on people’s lives.

· Generating proposals that point towards the sustainability of the national health system in terms of coverage, financing and quality.

· Promoting the clinical research agenda and a knowledge economy that encourages, fosters and protects innovation.

· Promoting solid regulatory systems and high quality standards.

· Reinforcing the social agenda of this industry to achieve a greater impact on the health system and on society in general.

In Mexico, the innovative pharmaceutical industry has served as a strategic sector for economic and social development for 70 years. AMIIF member companies invest around $ 300 million annually in clinical research and generate 55,000 direct jobs and more than 240,000 indirect jobs.

Irma is a doctor graduated from La Salle University, has experience in research in child nutrition, having collaborated in the Nutrition Research unit of the Pediatric Hospital of the Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI. She studied pharmaceutical marketing at the INSEAD Business School in France and a master’s degree in Bioethics and Law at the University of Barcelona.

He has more than 23 years of experience in the pharmaceutical market in Mexico and Spain, as well as more than 12 years in highly specialized areas, achieving results through team development and promoting the integration of multidisciplinary teams. She has worked in companies such as Janssen, Roche and Celgene where she was the first employee in Mexico and had the opportunity to open the affiliate and start operations in Mexico. Since October 2016, she has been the General Director of Ferring México, where she is in charge of the commercial and manufacturing operations. She has been a member of the Board of Directors of AMIIF for three years and leads the Communication Commission of the Association.

Drafting MD

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Digital Medicine – Irma Egoavil new president of AMIIF

Mexico City. The Board of Directors of the Mexican Association of Pharmaceutical Research Industries AC (AMIIF), formalized the appointment and protest of Irma Egoavil as president of the Association for the rest of the period March 2020- March 2021.

Irma Egoavil, General Director of Ferring México and who previously served as Vice President of AMIIF, takes over from Ana Longoria, who will assume a new role at Novartis.

With Irma Egoavil in the presidency, the AMIIF will continue:

· Building alliances between the public sector, academia, civil society and the private sector to promote timely access to innovative therapies that have a significant and positive impact on people’s lives.

· Generating proposals that point towards the sustainability of the national health system in terms of coverage, financing and quality.

· Promoting the clinical research agenda and a knowledge economy that encourages, fosters and protects innovation.

· Promoting solid regulatory systems and high quality standards.

· Reinforcing the social agenda of this industry to achieve a greater impact on the health system and on society in general.

In Mexico, the innovative pharmaceutical industry has served as a strategic sector for economic and social development for 70 years. AMIIF member companies invest around $ 300 million annually in clinical research and generate 55,000 direct jobs and more than 240,000 indirect jobs.

Irma is a doctor graduated from La Salle University, has experience in research in child nutrition, having collaborated in the Nutrition Research unit of the Pediatric Hospital of the Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI. She studied pharmaceutical marketing at the INSEAD Business School in France and a master’s degree in Bioethics and Law at the University of Barcelona.

He has more than 23 years of experience in the pharmaceutical market in Mexico and Spain, as well as more than 12 years in highly specialized areas, achieving results through team development and promoting the integration of multidisciplinary teams. She has worked in companies such as Janssen, Roche and Celgene where she was the first employee in Mexico and had the opportunity to open the affiliate and start operations in Mexico. Since October 2016, she has been the General Director of Ferring México, where she is in charge of the commercial and manufacturing operations. She has been a member of the Board of Directors of AMIIF for three years and leads the Communication Commission of the Association.

Drafting MD

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Digital Medicine – Suicide, second cause of death among young people

Mexico City. Suicide is a growing public health problem around the world, so its prevention should be considered a priority. At the international level, more than 800,000 people commit suicide annually, that is, every second 40 people kill themselves. In the last 45 years suicide rates have increased by 60% globally. Suicide is currently the second leading cause of death among 15 to 29 year olds.

Suicide is a reality that hurts and hurts an entire society; It causes a strong emotional burden on the family and friends of people who for some reason decided to take their own lives, since in addition to the pain of loss, it generates feelings of guilt regarding a fatal event that could have been avoided.

In Mexico, the numbers of hopelessness have also increased in the last 50 years, especially among young people of working age and elderly men. In 2017, the total number of deaths due to suicide was 6,494, with a more pronounced trend in men (8.7 per 100,000) than in women (1.9 per 100,000), the national average being 5.2 per 100,000 inhabitants. . The group from 20 to 24 years old stands out, with a rate of 15.1 suicides for every 100,000 young men.

Suicide, a complex and multifactorial problem

Despite the high emotional and economic burden that suicide means, this is an event that can be prevented by identifying risk factors and improving the mental health of the population. Dr. Edilberto Peña, neuropsychiatrist and teacher in medical sciences, explains that the first step to prevent suicide is to focus on its causes, which are multiple. “Suicide is a complex problem, involving psychological, social, biological, cultural and environmental factors.”

The World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that mental disorders, such as major depression, bipolar disorder, alcohol-drug abuse and schizophrenia, are a very important factor associated with suicide, with a total prevalence of 80 to 100% of mental disorders in cases of completed suicide.

“Most suicides have been preceded by verbal or behavioral warning signs, although some of them are committed without prior warning. Still it is important to know the warning signs, such as statements or threats of suicide, deep hopelessness, drug or alcohol use, getting rid of loved possessions, saying goodbye or asking for forgiveness, isolation, hurting themselves, talking about death as a way out of problems or presenting abrupt changes from a state of euphoria to a state of deep sadness “, indicated Dr. Peña.

The neuropsychiatry specialist warned that the Covid-19 crisis may be a risk factor for an increase in suicides. “The problems triggered by the pandemic can generate psychological mediators such as sadness, worry, fear, anger, frustration and guilt.”

In times of Covid-19 there are psychosocial risk factors associated with suicide such as social isolation, loss of loved ones, stigma towards people with Covid-19 and their families, loss of employment and financial stressors, interruption of education and anxiety about the future, domestic violence and alcohol use, fragmentation and social tension, availability of means to commit suicide and low-resource settings.

Suicide prevention and intervention strategies promote social well-being

Through timely and effective interventions, based on treatment and support, both suicides and suicide attempts can be prevented. Dr. Peña explained that among the specific prevention strategies are accompaniment in grief; promote tools to promote mental health; mitigate the adverse effects of isolation; implement educational and awareness programs for patients, families and healthcare providers; facilitate problem solving, and avoid loneliness and disconnection.

“Therapeutically speaking, there are effective ways to prevent suicide, such as pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy and follow-up after an attempt. It is also important to restrict access to lethal methods and share good practice guides with the media, ”said the specialist. Antidepressant management significantly reduces the rate of suicide attempts, especially in young populations.

At the government level, a comprehensive legislative strategy is necessary to establish policies that help prevent suicide, improve mental health care for the population, and provide tools for specialists who attend to this public health problem. Dr. Peña de León pointed out that until now there is no article in the General Health Law that refers to any prevention strategy or action against suicide.

For her part, Sara Montero, general director of Mexico, Central America and the Andean Countries of Lundbeck pointed out that: “A single life lost by suicide means a lot. The way forward is for authorities, health professionals and society to work together to prevent suicide, and the time to act is now. As a global company and leader in mental health, we collaborate with authorities, patient groups and other interested sectors in different countries to support communities and society in the prevention of suicide ”.

Drafting MD
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1. Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) / ​​World Health Organization (WHO). World Suicide Prevention Day 2019. “Working together to Prevent Suicide”. Available at: https://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_docman&view=download&slug=trabajando-juntos-para-prevenir-el-suicidio-claudina-cayetano-esp&Itemid=270&lang=es
2. World Health Organization. Suicide. Available at: https://www.who.int/es/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/suicide#:~:text=%20Datos%20y%20cifras%20%201%20Cerca%20de,en%20pa % C3% ADses% 20de% 20income% 20low% 20y …% 20More% 20
World Health Organization. Suicide prevention. Available at: https://www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/suicide/suicideprevent/es/
3. Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) / ​​World Health Organization (WHO). World Suicide Prevention Day 2019. “Working together to Prevent Suicide”. Available at: https://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_docman&view=download&slug=trabajando-juntos-para-prevenir-el-suicidio-claudina-cayetano-esp&Itemid=270&lang=es
4. Hernández Bringas, Héctor Hiram; Flores Arenales, René. Suicide in Mexico. National Autonomous University of Mexico. Pap. poblac vol.17 no.68 Toluca Apr./Jun. 2011.Available at: http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1405-74252011000200004
5. INEGI. “Statistics regarding the World Suicide Prevention Day (September 10)” Available at: https://www.inegi.org.mx/contenidos/saladeprensa/aproposito/2019/suicidios2019_Nal.pdf

6. Hernández Bringas, Héctor Hiram; Flores Arenales, René. Suicide in Mexico. National Autonomous University of Mexico. Pap. poblac vol.17 no.68 Toluca Apr./Jun. 2011.Available at: http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1405-74252011000200004
7. California Central Coast Family Services Agency. Suicide warning signs. Available at: http://fsa-cc.org/wp-content/uploads//2014/01/Señales-de-Alerta-de-Suicidios.pdf
8. Brown & Schuman, 2020; Gunnell et al., 2020; Thakur & Jain, 2020
9. Brent DA. Antidepressants and Suicidality. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2016;39(3):503-512. doi:10.1016/j.psc.2016.04.002.

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