Municipal 2020: how to explain such a record of abstention?

According to the Interior Ministry, turnout in the second round on Sunday June 28 was 41.6%, and abstention therefore reached an all-time high of 58.4% for municipal elections. A figure up from the first round where it had been 55.3%. Changes in modes of engagement, questioning of institutions or the weight of an unprecedented context, this decline in participation has multiple causes.


Coronavirus: over half a million deaths worldwide – World

There are over 500,000 coronavirus victims worldwide, according to data from Johns Hopkins University. The infections have exceeded 10 million in the past few hours. In detail, the deaths for Covid-19 in the world are 500,108I

The Colombia yesterday recorded 4,149 new cases of coronavirus, the third daily record in a week and a balance that brings the total number of infections to 88,591: the South American country thus exceeds China, which has 84,726 cases. At the same time, reports the CNN, in Colombia the deaths caused by the virus increased to 2,939 (+128 compared to Friday).

The Brazil it has recorded 38,693 new coronavirus cases and 1,109 deaths in the past 24 hours. The country’s ministry of health reports, quoted by the Guardian. Brazil, where infections increase by tens of thousands every day, currently has a total of 1,313,667 confirmed cases and 57,070 victims. The South American country is the second in the world in terms of number of deaths and number of infections, after the United States.

China has recorded another 17 coronavirus cases in the past 24 hours, of which three ‘imported’ and 14 of internal origin in Beijing: the National Health Commission (NHC) has announced. According to the NHC, reports CNN, China to date has a total of 83,500 infections and 4,634 deaths.

L‘India it has recorded 19,906 new coronavirus cases in the last 24 hours: this is the strongest daily increase since the start of the pandemic, the Ministry of Health announced today, which was accompanied by a further 410 deaths. The new data bring the total balance of infections to 528,859 and that of the dead to 16,095. To date, 309,712 people have been healed in the country. The state of Maharashtra marks the highest number of cases (159,133) followed by the capital Delhi (80,188).

The use of masks will be mandatory in Iran in enclosed spaces crowded with next week: Iranian President Hassan Rohani has announced today, who has also authorized numerous provinces affected by the coronavirus to reintroduce restrictive measures. To date, the Islamic Republic – which records 220,180 infections and 10,364 deaths – has not implemented total lockdown measures to deal with the pandemic and the use of masks and protective equipment has been optional in most of the country. From tomorrow, however, and at least until 22 July – said Rohani – the masks will be “mandatory in closed spaces where there are crowds” of people. The Ministry of Health has already developed a list with the places concerned but has not gone into detail.

The death toll caused by the coronavirus in Russia has exceeded the 9,000 threshold: this is what emerges from the count of Johns Hopkins University. According to the data of the American university in Russia 9,060 people have died so far out of a total of 633,542 confirmed infections. There are 398,311 people healed.

The situation of the coronavirus epidemic in Beijing is still “serious and complex”, after the new rebound of the infections recorded in the last few weeks. Local authorities explained that they have placed the lockdown for almost half a million people in an area near the Chinese capital. With the aim of averting a second wave. The confinement took place in the canton of Anxin, located 60 kilometers south of Beijing in the northern province of Hebei. Eleven cases related to the outbreak of the epidemic in Beijing have been identified there, the semi-official Global Times newspaper reported.

Algeria records a negative daily record for the second consecutive day regarding the growth of coronavirus infections. In fact, 305 new cases of coronavirus have been recorded in the last 24 hours, bringing the total balance of infected people in the country to 13,272. The Ministry of Health of Algiers has made it known through the words of the spokesman of the Special Commission for monitoring the spread of the disease, Djamel Fourar, specifying that the deaths have risen to 897. “The situation is likely to explode and become uncontrollable”, said the head of the cardiology department of Chu Nafissa-Hamoud (ex-Parnet) d’Hussein-Dey in Algiers, Djamel Eddine Nibouche, given the “exponential growth rate of the disease”. For this reason, Nibouche recommends increasing the isolation centers where you can host and treat the positives, so as not to overload the hospitals.

In Croatia, where in a week voting for the legislative, 67 new cases of Covid-19 have been registered since yesterday and one death, the first in two weeks. The Civil Protection Crisis Unit reported. After almost a month in which the epidemiological situation in Croatia had remained at very low levels, with on average one or two cases of positivity per day, for ten days the coronavirus has started to circulate again and now there are between fifty and one hundred cases a day. There have been 108 deaths so far. 435 active cases of infection.

The hopes placed on the torrid heat, which some in the past few months nourished to curb the coronavirus, do not seem to find confirmation in Balkans where precisely with the arrival of high summer temperatures, the advance of the infections has regained vigor. The increase in cases is widespread and in several countries of the region the reintroduction of restrictive measures abolished in recent weeks is expected. In Serbia, where legislative elections were held a week ago and the stadiums began to fill up with crowded and turbulent fans, 254 new infections and three more deaths have occurred in the last 24 hours, with total numbers rising to 14,046 and 230. Intensive care has increased again and is now 31, three times more than a few weeks ago. 291 new cases of coronavirus have been reported since yesterday in Romania, where 23 more deaths have occurred. In this country, the hardest hit in the region, there are 26,313 infections, 1,612 deaths. Even in North Macedonia the upward trend of the infections continues, which have been 176 yesterday, nine dead. There have been 6,080 cases of Covid-19 so far, with 274 victims. North Macedonia will vote on 15 July for parliamentary elections. Since yesterday there have been 112 new cases of infection in Bulgaria, with the total rising to 4,624, while another death has brought the number of victims to 216. Contagions are also growing in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 108 more since yesterday, for a total of 4,189, the victims have been 178 in all. The recovery of cases also concerns Slovenia, on the point a few weeks ago of proclaiming the end of epidemic. There have been nine outbreaks since yesterday, the number of deaths has stopped at 111. Twelve new outbreaks in Montenegro, which the end of the epidemic had officially declared and where 157 new infected people are now registered.

Israel it is “at the beginning of a new wave of disease”: health minister Yoel Edelstein said in a televised speech today, at the end of a first ministerial consultation on the fight against coronavirus which will continue tomorrow. “I submitted to the government today – he said – some unpleasant measures but made mandatory by the situation to stop the virus now, and not have to resort to a market lockdown”. In particular, he mentioned new restrictive measures to religious events such as weddings, Jewish ceremonies of age or circumcisions. There are also restrictions on prayers in synagogues and other groupings of people. Particular measures should be taken, in his opinion, also in universities. Work from home will also be encouraged, particularly among civil servants. Concrete measures to that effect could be announced tomorrow.

While Palestinian authorities express growing alarm over the spread of coronavirus in the West Bank, the governor of Bethlehem Kamil Hmeid has anticipated that from tomorrow even Bethlehem, like Hebron and part of Nablus, will be closed temporarily, as in March. For now, according to the Times of Israel, it is a 48-hour closure. In recent days, the authorities had also imposed the closure of the populous refugee camp of Aida, near Bethlehem. According to data released today by the Minister of Health Mai al-Khaileh, the positive cases among the Palestinians in the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem reached today the figure of 2,112: more than double their total number of just a week ago. The main outbreak is in Hebron, where according to the local health ministry the situation is now alarming. In 60 per cent of cases, the authorities attribute the sudden surge in infections to a failure to observe social distancing. For this reason, Prime Minister Mohammed Shtayeh explained, the closure of the most affected areas is necessary.


In the US record since the beginning of the pandemic growth of infected

For the last day in the United States coronavirus COVID-19 contracted to 40.8 thousand. The biggest daily growth contracted since the beginning of the pandemic in the country. A day earlier, the daily growth of new cases amounted to 35 thousand people. The total number of infected in the country reached 2.4 million died 125 thousand people.

Over the past week in the United States there has been a sharp increase in new cases of infection. Experts attribute the new wave of the virus with the removal of restrictions in the country and mass protests. Some States are forced to go back to restrictive measures.

Overall, the U.S. ranks first in the number of cases of infection in the world. The second is Brazil (1.2 million people infected, 55 thousand dead), the third — Russia (619 thousand infected died 8.7 million) in the world COVID-19 has infected more than 9.7 million people died 500 thousand

About the new wave of the pandemic in the United States — in the material “Kommersant” “Donald trump goes on the second peak.”


Who said the record also revealed for the day cases COVID-19 in the world :: Society :: RBC

Worldwide per day revealed 183 020 new cases of infection with coronavirus, according to the report of the world health organization on 21 June. The total number of cases, according to who, increased to 8.7 million, According to the Johns Hopkins University, in the world of coronavirus infected 8.9 million people.

The greatest number of new cases (more than 116 thousand) who have recorded in North and South America. In several States in the US by 20 June recorded the highest number of infected per day. In Brazil, according to the June 21, cases increased by 17.4 thousand people, and the number of deaths has exceeded 50 thousand.

The previous record increase in the number of new infected with 106 thousand cases — the who has recorded 20 may.

The head of the who announced a “new and dangerous” phase of the pandemic coronavirus

Material supplemented.


The CGT and the CFDT register an increase in members for the year 2019

Reversing the curve is that the General Confederation of Labor (CGT) has just succeeded in 2019. For the first time since 2014, the union in France with the most members has seen its number of members increased.

“It’s a first since 2014” welcomed David Gistau, Confederal Secretary. For the time being, this increase has not yet been quantified. The CGT explains that it does not yet have final figures for the past year, because of the confinement and the closure of the headquarters in Montreuil for eight weeks, promising an assessment in late June. According to the non-final assessment, the CGT has 640,000 members, with 46% women and 54% men.

4,250 more CFDT members

With 625,525 members including 4,251 members compared to 2018 (which represents an increase of (+ 0.6%), the French Democratic Labor Confederation (CFDT) remains the second largest union in France in terms of membership. press release detailing its troops, the CFDT specifies that there are 50.66% women and 49.34% men.

In 2018, for the first time, the organization saw the number of women exceed that of men. Force Ouvrière (FO), claims 500,000 members.

A year 2019 marked by pension reform

The year 2019 was marked by strong social mobilization, particularly in December during the inter-professional strikes against the pension reform. At the call of the inter-union, several hundred thousand people took to the streets to protest against this reform. The protest movement had lasted in January before gradually withering away from February 2020.

2020 is a special year for trade union organizations. They are barred from mass rallies until at least September in accordance with government decisions on rallies of more than 5,000 people.


Experts noted a record reduction in jobs in the service sector :: Business :: RBC

Against the background of this reduction, as well as pessimistic expectations for the next year, service companies have sharply accelerated staff reductions.

“The sudden shock to the business environment became apparent in April, when the influx of new orders dried up and companies reduced employment at a historically record pace,” Jones notes.

In mid-April, Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed to pay small and medium-sized enterprises for each employee, provided that at least 90% of their staffing level is 12 130 rubles each. per month, which is equal to the current minimum wage. However, according to the president of the Federation of Restaurateurs and Hoteliers of Russia (RFiO) Igor Bukharov, most of the restaurants and cafes that make up a significant part of service enterprises cannot count on a subsidy, since such payments are not supposed for those who sell alcohol. According to Bukharov, due to the lack of adequate assistance from the state, more than 70% of Russian cafes and restaurants can leave the market.

The European Commission has predicted Russia’s fall in GDP is double the sanctioned

On May 6, the head of the Ministry of Economic Development Maxim Reshetnikov said that according to the results of April, the indicator of economic activity in Russia decreased by 33%.

According to the forecast of the European Commission published on the same day, Russia’s GDP in 2020 will decrease by 5%, which will be the worst result since 2009 and more than double the recession of 2015, when the sanctions imposed by the West became the reason for the deterioration in the economy.

Over the past 24 hours, more than 11 thousand cases of COVID-19 infection have been detected in Russia; Russia has reached the fifth place in the world in the total number of infections. On Thursday, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin signed a decree on tightening restrictions, requiring all public transport passengers and store visitors to wear masks and gloves. The mayor also extended the previously imposed restrictions on the work of non-food stores, cafes, restaurants and other enterprises in the service sector until May 31.

Coronavirus spread rate in Russia

Cases per day

Source: Federal and Regional Anti-Virus Activities

Russian data i


The UN announced the return of the ozone layer over the Arctic to normal :: Society :: RBC

Photo: Mario Tama / Getty Images

The ozone hole over the Arctic, which reached a “record size” in March, closed. This is reported by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which is a UN agency.

According to the organization, the destruction of the ozone layer in March was caused by both ozone-depleting substances in the atmosphere and very low temperatures in the stratosphere in winter. As a result, the level of ozone depletion became very high, breaking the 2011 record. Nevertheless, a month later the situation changed dramatically.

The ozone hole over Antarctica has decreased to a record size in 37 years

“The ozone hole closed in April with increasing temperature in the stratosphere, which led to the influx of ozone-rich air from the lower atmosphere,” the WMO explained.

According to Reuters, an official representative of the WMO office, Claire Nullis, at a briefing in Geneva, said that this phenomenon is in no way associated with a decrease in environmental pollution in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Russian industry plunged into depression

In April, Russian industry fully felt the “cold breath” of the viral crisis and the consequences of the authorities ’struggle against it – demand collapsed on a scale comparable to the 2008 crisis, a survey of industrial enterprises conducted by the Institute of Economic Policy named. Gaidar. If in 2008 companies recorded a decrease in demand since September and in a few months it reached a peak of 60 points (in the absence of a sharp increase or decrease in demand, the indicator is zero), in 2020 only in April the index dropped to 45 points. The expected decline in demand may exceed its decline in the 2008–2009 crisis, warns Sergei Tsukhlo, head of the Gaidar Institute’s market research laboratory.

Next, industrial production will begin to fall, a survey showed. The surveyed enterprises are already recording a drop in production – their output estimate for April fell by 50 points. In the 2008 crisis, the indicator fell to 60 points in just three months. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in March Russian industry escaped a recession – industrial production grew by 0.3% on an annualized basis, but the industry was supported by a rush of demand for essential goods and goods. For example, buckwheat production immediately increased by 41%, and pharmaceutical products – by 64%. But the main drop will be in April – May, warned the director of the Center for Market Studies of the Higher School of Economics Georgy Ostapkovich.

So far, the enterprises themselves assess their financial situation as “good” and “satisfactory” (such estimates prevail over “bad” and “extremely bad”). But they expect it to deteriorate in the future – the expectations of entrepreneurs have never fallen so much. “Neither such a difference nor such a result has been recorded by polls,” admits Tsukhlo. With worsening expectations, the business began to postpone investments. The balance of investment intentions in April decreased by 40 points and already exceeded the worst point of the crisis of 2015-2016, when investment optimism was declining due to sanctions.

The number of companies reporting staff reductions has also increased record-breaking. Such an increase in the rate of change in the actual number of employees has also never been observed, notes Tsukhlo. In 2008, such a failure in evaluating entrepreneurs took half a year. True, the scale of layoffs is likely to decrease in May-June, although given the decline in demand and output, companies are unlikely to need so many employees. The shortage of personnel, which was recorded by the Institute’s polls, was replaced by their excess. Only 6% of enterprises reported a lack of personnel – this is the minimum since the 1998 default, a survey indicates.

Such negative results are not surprising, says Valery Mironov, deputy director of the Institute for the Development of the Higher School of Economics. The daily economic stress index calculated by the Development Center has long been at the level of 0.4-0.5, which indicates the pre-recession stage. “All crises began with such a significance,” warns Mironov.

But the labor market is not as catastrophic as the survey shows. His data speak of the intentions of enterprises, that is, they reflect the panic of the heads of enterprises, says Rostislav Kapelyushnikov, deputy director of the Center for Labor Studies of the Higher School of Economics. Such sentiments were also in the crisis of 2008-2009, and this is an encouraging sign, since there was no catastrophic increase in unemployment and a drop in employment then, he says. The Russian labor market is specific, employers do not like to lay off workers, preferring to reduce wages or shorten working hours, reminds Kapelyushnikov. There is hope that they will do the same in this crisis, he adds. In addition, the danger does not come from large enterprises, but from small and medium-sized enterprises, which can simply close, but how many of them will be impossible to predict now, all forecasts about it now are nothing more than fortunetelling on coffee grounds, he emphasizes.


Munich: Oktoberfest 2020 – unbelievable what a table costs

Munich: Oktoberfest 2020 because of Corona before the breakout – it is unbelievable what sums are still required for a table

The Oktoberfest in Munich could be canceled this year.

The Oktoberfest in Munich could be canceled this year.

Photo: imago images / Westend61

Munich. The Oktoberfest in Munich is a top priority. Bavaria’s Prime Minister Markus Söder wants to discuss with Mayor Dieter Reiter over the next two weeks whether and how the festival can take place this year.

In Munich There is great skepticism about the Corona crisis. Nevertheless, the beer tent tables are traded on the Internet at horrendous sums.

Munich: Oktoberfest 2020 in danger

“From the current perspective, I can hardly imagine that such a large event is even possible at the time,” said Söder in the “Bayerischer Rundfunk”. But nothing has been decided yet. The Wiesn tapping is planned for September 19 this year.

The Oktoberfest landlords have previously reserved their tables only for regular customers. In addition, some hosts have accepted reservations requests. So far there are no binding commitments.


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Horrific sums for tables

But because some customers are reselling the option to make a reservation, online trade is already in full swing. As reported by the “German Press Agency”, a platform on Thursday offered a place on the first Oktoberfest evening for just under 600 euros.

With another platform, there was a double table with space for up to 20 people to buy from 9999 euros. The cheapest ten table in the hacker marquee should cost 5449 euros.


This is the Munich Oktoberfest:

  • The first Oktoberfest took place in 1810
  • For the 100th anniversary in 1910, the beer record that is still valid today was set. At that time, the visitors drank an impressive 12,000 hectoliters – this corresponds to more than a million liters
  • The Oktoberfest did not take place between 1939 and 1948 due to the Second World War
  • Traditional tapping with the famous saying “O’zapft is!” Has been around since 1950. The mayor of Munich traditionally strikes the first barrel


+++ Oktoberfest 2019: THIS sad record was broken last year +++

Decision by the end of April

By the end of April, the final decision should be made as to whether the world’s largest fair can take place this year. (no with dpa)


The Supreme Court acquits an HIV patient from contagion to his partner because she could deduce that he was a carrier | My rights

The Supreme Court has acquitted an HIV patient who infected his partner with the crime of injury, on the understanding that she was aware of his condition. Although there is no record that the man communicated at any time that he was a carrier, the court considers that there is evidence that shows that the complainant was aware of the situation, and therefore, by having agreed to have unprotected sex with him, the transmission of the Illness “cannot be worthy of criminal reproach.”

According to the ruling, the couple began their relationship in 2012. A year later, she was diagnosed with HIV. In 2014, the couple had a strong argument at the home they both shared in Madrid, which led the woman to file a complaint for assault. However, in the text that he presented to the authorities, he made no mention of the spread of the disease, despite the fact that he already knew that he was a carrier. It was three months after this fact that he decided to denounce his partner for the transmission of the disease. The case was brought before a court of violence against women and, subsequently, to the Provincial Court of Madrid. Both bodies acquitted the accused.

Now, the Supreme Court rejects the woman’s appeal, considering that her testimony “is not consistent with the rest of the tests that have been carried out.” In this sense, they take into account the statements of several witnesses. On the one hand, one of the couple’s friends, who reported that the entire neighborhood knew that the accused was a carrier of the virus, so “she should have known.”

The Chamber also considers relevant the statement of the accused’s sister, who stated that she had warned the complainant to “protect herself and take measures”, to which she replied that nothing was wrong. Although the sister admits that she did not indicate what she had to protect herself from, she considers that from the context of the conversation it was clear, adding that “when a girl talks to another girl about protecting herself, they implicitly understand each other.” In addition, the court notes that the complainant herself acknowledged that in the neighborhood where they lived and grew up, the man’s health status was discussed, although she clarified that when she asked him, he denied it. In addition, he acknowledged that several people specifically alerted him to such a circumstance.

Consume narcotics, an extra risk

On the other hand, the magistrates stress that both were consumers of high-risk narcotic substances, so it is “evident” that the complainant should be aware of the risk to which she was subjected, “not only with the practice of sexual intercourse but also by the mere fact of the consumption of narcotic substances of such entity ”.

In addition, according to a medical report presented during the trial, the defendant had “itchy penile lesions”, which worsened when he had sex. For the court, these are external evidences of the disease “that the complainant should have perceived”, especially considering that she herself had similar symptoms months later.

For all these reasons, the Supreme Court concludes that there is a “margin of doubt in favor of the accused” that is decisive for his acquittal. Precisely, this is one of the guarantees that incorporates the right to the presumption of innocence, since our law establishes that the guilt of the accused must be demonstrated beyond any reasonable doubt.

The spread of disease as a crime

In 1822, the Penal Code punished the spread of diseases, considering it an infraction against public health. Specifically, article 378 condemned “those who introduce or spread contagious diseases or contagious effects, and those who break quarantines and sanitation cords, or evade the lazaretos”. In addition, in 1928 a specific provision was introduced that qualified the spread of venereal diseases as a crime against life, bodily integrity and the health of people.However, this precept was repealed in the 1995 reform, so the transmission of diseases or permanent health deterioration (such as the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS) became a crime of injury, which broadly condemns all those behaviors or that impair a person’s bodily integrity, physical health or even mental health.

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