Hospital de Cereté will continue to be intervened by the Superintendency of Health

The improvements in infrastructure, the recovery of the portfolio and the opening of services are three of the objectives set by the health authorities in front of the Sandiego de Cereté Hospital, which will continue to be operated for another year.

The Health Superintendent, Fabio Aristizábal Ángel stated that “the intervention ordered at the Sandiego de Cereté Hospital was extended for one year in order to continue working to guarantee the quality and timeliness of the provision of health services and continue with the implementation of the necessary measures to solve financial, legal, administrative and welfare difficulties ”.

It was learned that during this extension, the intervening agent Sandra Milena Jaramillo, will have to work on investment projects, adaptation and remodeling of the infrastructure of the hospital pharmacy, the surgical area and the sterilization center.

“Progress will be made in the works of the San Carlos Emergency Medical Care Center and in the neonatal ICU project to be able to care for high-risk maternal mothers. The hospital already has a 24-hour gynecologist, an intermediate ICU and a pediatric service. The accounting purification process will continue and the work on financial consolidation and portfolio recovery actions will continue, ”explained Aristizábal Ángel.

The authorities highlighted that the institution has been strengthened to care for patients infected by COVID-19, and went from not having ICU beds to having 12, plus another two for intermediate care.

The senior official explained that “due to the management of the special intervening agent, the hospital opened a new respiratory emergency area that operates 24 hours a day and has an office, resuscitation room, 5 observation beds and 8 cubicles for defining behavior.” .

According to the report submitted, the hospital keeps the salaries paid to the personnel up to date and the contributions to social security, parafiscals and the payment to contractors have been met.

“Added to the above is the investment of $ 38 million for the provision of respiratory emergencies, the 7.5% increase in billing during the first quarter of 2020, the restoration of 50 hospital beds, the preventive and corrective maintenance of medical equipment and the automation of sterilization ”, specified the Super Salud.

It is also expected that the installation of a tomograph will be carried out and the completion of the infrastructure works in the admission area.

It should be remembered that due to the critical situation of its finances, and the deficiencies in the provision of services to its users, the hospital was intervened on December 20, 2019.

At that time, there were labor debts with plant workers, contractors, job boards and outsourcing for 11,552 million pesos. Regarding the health services, the authorities revealed that the medical equipment was not maintained, some treatments were started late because medicines were lacking, there were supplies with past expiration dates and there was no regular disinfection in the facilities.

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Covid, because yesterday’s seven thousand cases of new infections are not like those of March

The sharp increase in cases of contagion from Sars-Cov-2 registered in the last few days in Italy cannot fail to recall the situation of the months of March and April in full lockdown. On 13 October the new positives were 5901 cases, which rose on October 14 to more than seven thousand, data worse than last March.

But then are we back to the starting situation?

“No and I’ll explain why – replies Paolo Bonanni, epidemiologist, professor of Hygiene at the University of Florence – the high number of positives found must be compared to the number of swabs that are now carried out 6-7 times higher than in those made last spring. At that time, people with symptoms compatible with a Covid infection, or even serious situations, were checked. now the checks are carried out “on the carpet”, we go to look for the positives among the “contacts”, that is, among the people who have had to deal with a positive even if they are and are the majority of asymptomatic cases.

Different situations

«Now, moreover, among the new cases of infected people under the age of 5 prevail and a non-negligible share is represented by the very young, another sign of a different search for the virus that no longer concerns only those who are ill. This does not mean that there are no people in situations such as to require hospitalization or admission to intensive care, it seems contradictory but it is clear that if the number of subjects checked is increased, they also discover more in need of specific care. “.

Different percentages

«I would also like to remind you that if in March about 25% of 100 swabs carried out were positive, now we are around al 4-5 % for all the reasons mentioned above. In spring, everything was missing: from tests to masks now we are not in the same situation, but this certainly does not mean that we should let our guard down. The precautions to be taken are always the same: respect the safety distances, use masks, wash your hands frequently. And do not be under the illusion that everything has passed: history teaches us that great epidemics have two to three waves before they go out, we are at the beginning of the second. It will also depend on each of us how it goes “

15 October 2020 (change October 15, 2020 | 20:55)

© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

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Open call to intervene alleys of the Historic Center

The Barranquilla Center Management and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) launched a call to select a project that develops a comprehensive urban intervention strategy for the Historic Center of the city.

Through this recovery, the reactivation of a set of alleys is sought as meeting places, economic activity and vital nucleus of the development of the Atlantic capital, as a contribution to the revitalization and enhancement program of the Historic Center.

In this call, which will be open until September 25 and will deliver $ 5,000 in prizes, a detailed urban-architectural proposal will also be chosen for the 42C race between 30 and 33 streets, also known as ‘callejón del meao’, as an intervention Illustrative for the plot of alleys in the Historic Center.

“This contest gives the opportunity to show the cultural and architectural wealth of the Historic Center of Barranquilla. The transformation of the center is one of the flagship programs of the Mayor’s Office and this reorganization of the alleys allows us to revitalize these spaces as heritage and culturally ”, stated Angelo Cianci, manager of the Center.

The Mayor’s Office of Barranquilla stated that the urban intervention strategies and the proposals for public space that result from the competition will add to the lessons learned from previous IDB initiatives in the city.

One of them is the Program for Fiscal Strengthening and Public Investment Expenditure, which financed the improvement and construction of public spaces and urban facilities to increase the supply and quality of urban infrastructure in the capital of Atlántico.

This university contest is aimed at young people from all over Latin America through the IDB Cities Lab initiative, which seeks creative solutions and innovative ideas to urban problems in Latin America and the Caribbean, in the hands of students, university professors and young professionals from all over the region.

This exercise has the objective of serving as a seedbed and incubator for young talent in urban issues from a network of work with universities, offering direct experience to promote real plans and projects, as well as promoting a participatory space that puts into discussion the paradigms of the discipline.

This project has already been carried out in five other cities in the region: Curundú, Panama (2015), Santa Marta (2016), Mendoza, Argentina (2017), Santiago de Chile (2018) and Buenos Aires (2019).

In this edition of the contest, students from any of the member countries of the Inter-American Development Bank, who are studying the last two years of university or postgraduate studies, or students and / or collaborators of a university in a country in America, may participate. Latin America and the Caribbean.

Recovery of the historic center

The district administration has bet on an “ambitious” project to recover the city’s public and heritage space.

This intervention begins with the master market plan, which includes, in turn: remodeling of traditional plazas (there are two works in progress: EPM and Grains), new markets such as the Grand Bazaar and satellite markets.

The Mayor’s Office of Barranquilla points out that, through this project, there will be a major reorganization of formal and informal merchants and recovery of architectural heritage, which will stimulate real estate projects and, therefore, more employment in the future.

In addition, the District seeks to rescue the heritage of buildings such as the old Dugand Bank, the National Bank of Commerce, the Caja Agraria building, the Plaza Concordia, the Volpe, Robertico building, the San Nicolás square and the Fedecafé building, among others.

In addition, it has contemplated that the original names be returned to the streets of this area of ​​the city, in order to regain their identity.

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On video | Camino Nuevo Barranquilla will strengthen preventive medicine

A total of 80 thousand users will benefit from the Camino Nuevo Barranquilla that advances in the old building of the Barranquilla Hospital, located in the San Roque neighborhood.

The new project, which is built in an area of ​​11,019 square meters without affecting the heritage building of the current Hospital, guarantees care for users who reside in the Historic Center and the southeast of the city.

The new hospital center will have a level 2 complexity, 24-hour emergency services, 8-hour external consultation and imaging, and will offer different services.

In addition, it will have two procedure rooms, a resuscitation room and observation rooms for adult patients and children.

Its delivery is scheduled for May 2021. The total investment is $ 87,331 million in civil works and endowments.

Extern consult

It will also have outpatient services for promotional care, prevention, outpatient consultation, outpatient consultation and specialized consultation.

It will have a promotion and prevention office for adults and children, four general medicine offices, seven specialized medicine offices, a minor procedures office, a psychology office, a dental and oral hygiene office with three cubicles, and a vaccination office.

The Health walkers will also offer systematized services to provide personalized attention.

The surgical-obstetric service will have two delivery rooms, labor recovery with neonatal adaptation and sterilization service.

While the hospitalization area will have 120 beds, 33 two-person rooms for adults, 16 one-person rooms for adults, two rooms for isolated, 3 two-person pediatric rooms, two neonatal rooms with five cribs, four one-person pediatric rooms, eight intensive care units and eight intermediate care units.

This project is part of the comprehensive modernization of the District’s public health network, which has been implemented in the last 12 years with the aim of guaranteeing timely and quality care.

Mayor Jaime Pumarejo Heins has expressed his commitment to strengthening preventive medicine, one of the lessons that has been learned in the course of the pandemic, and which allows the early detection of patients with comorbidities that in many cases involve risk to their lives.

“Here we are going to have all the necessary elements to fulfill this objective,” said the mayor.

The district president made an inspection tour to find out how the work that rises in the same place is progressing, where the first hospital center in Barranquilla worked, built between 1871 and 1876, and which became over the years into one of the emblematic sites of this city.

Recover jobs

Although Barranquilla is on the list of cities with the lowest unemployment rate in the country, the District is looking to recover the 150,000 jobs that the city lost during the health emergency.

Between now and 2021 Barranquilla will invest more than $ 5 billion. The investments will be destined to education, health, public services, drinking water and basic sanitation, equipment, transportation and culture, among others.

The District says that these projects, included in the 2020-2023 Development Plan, will generate employment, taking into account that each peso invested by the State is multiplied by six, seeking that the economy grows at a rate of 8%.

The mayor estimates that the current reopening points him to that goal of “recovering employment.”

Barranquilla was the city, among the main in the country, with the lowest growth in the unemployment population and the second lowest growth in the inactive population, the Mayor’s Office reported.

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Colombia exceeds 350,000 COVID-19 infections

The Ministry of Health reported 11,996 new infections of COVID-19 and the country reached 357,710 cases, of which more than 43%, that is 152,671, are active.

On the infected of the day, 177 are in Barranquilla and 280 in the rest of the Atlantic.

Bogotá tops the list with 6,068, followed by Antioquia with 1,359, Valle with 1,144 and Santander with 432.

According to the daily report of the Colombian health authority, 315 people died, a figure that brought the number of fatalities to 11,939 that the pandemic has left in the country.

The deaths in the Atlantic were 15: six in Barranquilla, two in Soledad, two in Baranoa, one in Malambo, one in Puerto Colombia, one in Sabanalarga, one in Galapa and one in Manatí.

On the other hand, the recovery of 6,038 people was reported, which There are already 192,355 patients who have overcome the coronavirus in Colombia.

Likewise, 40,063 tests were carried out for a total of 1,801,835 processed samples.

With this data, The main foci of the pandemic, in number of cases, are Bogotá (123,875), Atlántico (56,118), Antioquia (44,730), Valle del Cauca (29,754), Bolívar (19,657), Cundinamarca (10,978), Nariño (9,006).

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A verb that is alive and well for the resumption of performances

In the heart of Paris, the life seems to have resumed its course. The sidewalks are full of bystanders, the terraces of cafes are full. In this agitation, the metal bars lowered and red letters out, the theatres of the grands boulevards wait, inert, such vessels asleep.

At the end of the day, the 22 June, a crowd has formed in front of one of them. Microphones and cameras do not lose a crumb of the event : spectators entering the Theatre Antoine. They are the first for more than three months. The same morning, the limit of a gauge to 50 % of the rooms have been lifted, but many seats remain condemned for some health precautions.

As the lights fade, Jacques Weber made his entrance by the orchestra, in the middle of the public without sulking the pleasure of the reunion. The comedian indulges greedily in an exercise that he likes : reading his favorite authors, Hugo and Flaubert in the head. He tried to roll of words, jumped from one sentence to the other, while the applause and laughter wake up the walls that way.

“We dreamed of this moment since the 14th of march, welcomes Jean-Marc Dumontet, owner of the theatre in which, as soon as the curtain fell on this unique representation, closes its doors again. We had to reopen, if only for the symbol, but we can’t restart the season now.

Consultations poetic in the Theatre of the City

In another register, two steps from the Champs-Élysées, the words have also come back to the place that was their own. On the set of Space-Cardin where the City Theatre was home for the rehabilitation of his room, the word resonates with an acuity burning. The scaffold The witches of Salemthe last piece played here before, abrupt withdrawal in march, has not moved. It is the setting for Hold Lyricsthe show staged by Emmanuel Demarcy-Mota, the director of the place, as soon as the announcement of a possible resumption of the representations. Hold Lyrics draws its material from reports of the 6 000 consultations poetic conducted over the phone during and after the containment by the actors in the Theatre of the City and a quarantine of the other, recruited for the occasion, with men and women of all ages, teens, children, confined, sick, bereaved, caregivers…

The actors have taken the pulse of humanity as projected in a race outside the norm. This evening, re-opening, in front of an assembly of dispersed and hidden, they weave the scraps of life, is available in the texts and poems that they have offered to their “patients” instead of a balm. Words cascading in three tables an hour, like to drink this emptiness and this silence before. “The theatres had never closed, even during the war, remember Emmanuel Demarcy-Mota. We could not resume as if nothing had happened. We needed a ritual and thus came the idea of a Vigil : we must remember that it is happened something terrible, but also to celebrate life.

The public responds to this

In a few days, the team of the theatre has prepared this artistic marathon of 48 hours. “It’s like a renewal after the mourning that we experienced at the closing of the theatres, entrust Julie, a young actress of the troupe. Be in front of a room half filled is strange, but we play for those who are there and we feel the force of their presence, their listening. “At the end of the room, two spectators in the front row jump out of their seats and fill their frenetic applause the absences that surround each block of chairs, half of which remained to be ordered. “What a thrill to find the actors, enthuses one of them. I also wanted to show them my solidarity.

As the night advances, the universe intersect – Ionesco, Dante — and the public eve, irreducible, until the dawn. “I wasn’t worried, I knew that people would come, ensures Emmanuel Demarcy-Mota, who is surprised that his theater is one of the few to open its doors for the summer. For three months, the actors were silent, the great characters, Hamlet, Antigone, also… A society can not live without this word there. We have to be there. “To protect a flame fragile and flickering but alive and well.

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A few shows in July

At the théâtre de la Colline, in Paris.
Coast, of Wajdi Mouawad, from 7 to 18 July.
www.colline.fr

At the théâtre de Belleville in Paris.
Hedda, Lena Paugam, from 24 June to 5 July.
A life of Gerard in the west
Gérard Potter and François Beaune, 8 July to 27 September.
www.theatredebelleville.com

The théâtre de la Ville, in Paris.
The Separableby Fabrice Melquiot’s 1er as of July 4,.
Alice goes through the mirror
by Fabrice Melquiot from 7 to 12 July.
Venavi
, Rodrigue Norman, from 7 to 11 July.
Udo, completely is
, the company’s Shoemaking from July 16 to 19.
I have too many friendsDavid Lescot from July 22 to 30.
www.theatredelaville-paris.com

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The IMF downgraded the economic Outlook for Russia :: Economy :: RBC

The IMF also downgraded its forecast on the global economy. The Fund believes that in 2020, the decline will be 4.9%, whereas in April, the organization assumed a decline of only 3%. “Pandemic COVID-19 had a negative impact on the activities [во всем мире] in the first half of 2020 than expected, and recovery is expected to be more gradual than projected before,” reads the IMF report.

According to the organization, in 2021 the world will expect economic growth at 5.4%, but this still will not be enough to restore the economy to pre-crisis levels. According to IMF estimates, in 2021 the world’s GDP will be 6.5% lower than the figures of January 2020 (before the global spread of the virus).

The Ministry of economic development reported a fall in GDP may double-digit pace

The total losses of the world economy in 2020 will be $12.5 trillion, estimated at the IMF. IMF chief economist Gita Gopinath during the presentation of the report said that the lowest point of the fall of the world economy passed in the second quarter, we began the restoration. However, she refused to define it as a V, U or L-shaped, referring to high uncertainty of the forecast. According to her, the possible second wave of the incidence of coronavirus until you find a medical solution to the problem.

Global government debt will rise in 2020 to a record high of 101.5% of world GDP (an increase of 18.7 percentage points over last year), the report of the IMF.

The total volume of announced budgetary support in the world is estimated at $11 trillion, the report said. Half of this amount ($5.4 trillion) are measures to increase expenditure or abandonment of revenue (e.g. due to tax exemptions) — they directly increase fiscal deficits.

Of the countries represented in the IMF report, to avoid the fall of the economy in 2020, only China, follows from the document. The IMF predicted China’s growth at the 1% level. The most significant drop is waiting Italy (12,8%), Spain (12,8%) France (12.5 percent), the UK (10.2 per cent) and Mexico (10.5 percent).

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experts explain why obesity “helps” coronavirus

– Has long been known that overweight people have lowered immunity, says head of the Department of endocrinology of the medical faculty Russian national research medical University. N. And. Pirogov Tatiana Demidova. Research and practice show that in these patients increases the risk of atherosclerosis sharply increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes and heart failure. Increased risk of endocrinological, oncological diseases, joint diseases, psychological disorders.

Epidemic COVID has added another item to the list of high threats to people who are overweight. It turned out that when infected with coronavirus patients with obesity more often require hospitalization, fall into the ICU, on the ventilator (artificial lung ventilation). Alas, is growing and the risk of death.

– If the original messages from China on the most severe cases COVID it was mainly about the older people with severe chronic diseases, according to the latest data from Europe and USA the risk group includes people with obesity – says Tatiana Demidova.

FACTS AND FIGURES

In what diseases most often develop complications due to coronavirus

90% of patients admitted with severe COVID-19 US hospitals, were the following comorbidities:

– hypertension — 49.7%,and

– obesity or 48.3%,

– chronic lung disease — 34,6%,

– diabetes type 2 diabetes was 28.3%,

– cardiovascular disease — 27,8%.

Thus, obesity is second among the States in which CouId be severe.

CORONAVIRUS, INFLUENZA, AND HIV, “LIKE” ADIPOSE TISSUE

Visceral adipose tissue, that is, one that is in the abdomen, is, in fact, highly individual body, experts explain. This body affects the immune, endocrine system and metabolism in the body as a whole.

– People who are overweight fat cells are much larger. So, is synthesized in much more of various hormones and inflammatory cells. Among them, including interleukin-6, interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor, and others, – says Tatiana Demidova. Often in the body, there is a creeping inflammation.

At the same time observed that many viral infections and especially COVID-19 amplify the effects cytokines and lead to the extension of the generalization of inflammation. “It was proved that adipose tissue serves as a reservoir for some viruses, such as influenza, HIV and cytomegalovirus. Also, according to the latest data, it can be activated and coronavirus,” adds Demidov.

INSULATION NEEDS TO BE LONGER?

Studies have shown one more feature of coronavirus. As it turned out, he is able to spread rapidly in adipose tissue surrounding internal organs – lungs, liver, kidneys, heart, etc. because Of this, developing severe damage to these vital organs and people with excess weight, excess amount of adipose tissue increases the risk of death from multiple organ failure.

There is evidence that such patients are also unable to stay longer carriers of the virus, require longer hospital stay and isolation, said Tatyana Demidova.

AFTER INFECTION — DIABETES

There is evidence and that not less than one-third of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in China, European countries and the United States, the infection resulted in damage of the pancreas. This was confirmed by elevated enzymes amylase and lipase, and glucose levels in the blood plasma.

– This is a very disturbing circumstance. Since we talking about high risk of developing diabetes type 2 diabetes in people with the original obesity after recovery from infection, says Dr. Demidov.

It is not excluded that after the break the pace of the epidemic COVID, we will see a worldwide surge in the incidence of diabetes, experts say.

So now, when the opportunity walks, sports, seasonal ripe fruits and vegetables rich in fiber, doctors suggest the obese individuals to exert their maximum effort for getting rid of really dangerous extra pounds.

By the WAY

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The disease leaves a dangerous reminder – blood clots (details)

MEANWHILE

Patients COVID-19 seems to destroy not only coronavirus, but the micro-plastic particles

American scientists believe the Earth has no more places, not infected with the smallest stuff (details)

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forty days to adopt the plan of stimulus of the EU

European leaders have begun, Friday, 19 June, a race against the clock to reach agreement before the end of July on a recovery plan post-coronavirus massive. After several summits in video-conference since march, the heads of State and government are expected to meet in Brussels in mid-July. And no one excludes the possibility of a final meeting is then required before the summer break the month of August to reach an agreement.

Many antagonisms were recognized on Friday, during the round table conducted by video conferencing. The goal is, it is true, very ambitious. Twenty-Seven are invited to comment on a package of more than 1,800 billion euros to be spent during the period 2021-2027.

It includes, on the one hand, the economic recovery plan in the amount of 750 billion euros, proposed by the european Commission to support countries, regions and sectors in difficulty after the pandemic of the Covid-19 ; on the other hand, the multi-annual financial framework, for the time being set at 1 to 100 billion euros, which provides for EU spending over the seven years for common policies such as the CAP, the european regional development fund, and new projects such as the european Fund of defence.

→ European economic recovery Plan, mode of employment

The unanimity of the Twenty-Seven being required on the budget issues, the difficulty to agree is increased by the proposal of the Commission to break the taboo of a common debt. In the recovery plan, which aims to go out collectively to the countries of the EU of a historic recession, would be financed by a loan made by the Commission on behalf of the european Union on the financial markets. A third party would then be made available to States most affected by the crisis in the form of loans and two-thirds would be paid in the form of direct assistance or subsidy.

The loan could then be repaid from own resources of the european Union that would be created by then, for example, a carbon tax at the borders, or a tax on the giants of the digital world.

Significant differences

The 27, however, must overcome major differences, whether it be the amount of the plan, its duration, the balance between loans and grants, criteria for the distribution of aid, as well as the delicate issue of a “conditionality “that is to say the counterparty (e.g. reforms) required to a State in exchange for these funds.

An agreement would mark a major step in the european construction. These advances towards a budgetary solidarity between member States have been permitted by a franco-German agreement sealed by Emmanuel Macron and German chancellor Angela Merkel on may 18.

But four countries there is still strong reluctance. The netherlands, Austria, Sweden, and Denmark, – the” four frugal “- are net contributors to the eu budget – they pay more than they receive – and their opinions are often annoyed by the lack of structural reforms undertaken in recent years in some countries of southern Europe.

These countries will seek in the coming weeks to reduce the amount of the recovery plan, to reduce the “subsidies” and increase the loan conditionality. Some will also require an extension of their rebate budget in the framework of the multiannual financial Framework – a drawback inherited from the british rebate, and which is intended to compensate for the fact that they are little concerned by some of the community policies.

The ambition of Angela Merkel

Friday night, the Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte has thus tempered the prospect of a final agreement to be twenty-seven on the recovery plan in July. ” It is uncertain that it will be finalized at that time “, he commented, without excluding that other tops are needed” during the summer or beyond “. The austrian chancellor Sebastian Kurz has warned against a perpetuation of the debt : the assistance provided should be “one-off “ and “time-limited “, he insisted.

“There is an emerging consensus, which is very positive, but it’s also important not to under-estimate the difficulties “, a summary of her side the president of the european Council, Charles Michel, leader of the orchestra of the negotiation process. The latter must now start bilateral consultations with the member States to present, probably before the end of June, a revised proposal of this plan.

Angela Merkel, who will play a major role in the negotiations, since Germany will assume from 1 July, the presidency turn of the european council of ministers, welcomed the principle of a debt common or “challenged by person “. “This is not an exaggeration to say that we are facing the greatest economic challenge in the history of the european Union “, she insisted.

“Europe must be at the height of the Story (…) Find an agreement of 27 in July ! “she said Emmanuel Macron on Twitter.

→ Europe in search of solidarity

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Warm up lap on the european recovery post-Covid

► What place does this top in the agenda of the negotiations ?

The German chancellor Angela Merkel, whose country will take over the rotating presidency of the EU 1er July, has begun a countdown meeting, Thursday, June 18, deputies of the Bundestag. The Europeans, she said, should agree on their plan of recovery post-Covid by the end of July, “before the summer break “ of the european institutions, so as to allow time for national parliaments to ratify the new EU financial framework “by the end of the year “.

The european Council by videoconference June 19, will not be the time of the decisions, but the opportunity of a “first exchange “has warned Angela Merkel. Even the sound of a bell at the Elysée palace : “This is a warm up lap necessary to take knowledge of the position the detailed of each “says-it. Paris and Berlin expect more of a physical encounter in Brussels between heads of State, in the first fortnight of July. To move forward, “the discussions have need of private conversations and of meetings of the hallway “says a source élyséenne.

► What are the obstacles to be overcome ?

The franco-German initiative recovery the 27 may by the president of the Commission, Ursula von der Leyen offers to share 500 billion euros of debt at european level transferred to the countries most affected by the crisis. This proposal, unprecedented in the history of the EU and requires unanimity to be adopted. For the time being, the four so-called “frugal” (the netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, Austria) categorically refuse. The only approach to “healthy” is to use the money borrowed by the EU for “convert loans to those who really need it, on the best terms possible “they recalled, Thursday, June 17, in a letter to the Financial Times.

→ TO READ. European recovery Plan : what are the “four frugal” ?

The Visegrad group (Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia) challenges him, the key distribution of beneficiaries. Thursday, June 11, the leaders of these countries, mask health on the face, gathered at the castle of Lednice, in the Czech Republic, to request a distribution “fair “ of the stimulus funds. For their part, the main beneficiaries of the plan, as expected, Italy (173 billion euros) and Spain (141 billion), do not want subsidies to be the opportunity of a supervision humiliating, such as during the debt crisis of the euro area in 2010.

► What are the levers of negotiation ?

The franco-German couple would like to convince the “frugal” that it is in their interest to keep the countries of the south afloat, to preserve their economy highly dependent on exports. It will have to find something else. “There are margins for negotiation on the issue of the discount “, we recognize the Élysée palace. These four countries have in common that they have obtained, on the british model, discounts on their contribution to eu finances, the fact that they are benefiting less than others (France in particular) of the funds of the common agricultural policy (37 % of the eu budget).

Paris and Berlin would like to avoid that negotiations are returning to crop on the 500 billion, that are deemed “necessary “, and prefer to enter into a discussion on the criteria for the awarding of the money. The distribution key, it is true, is based on “variables before the crisis “and “countries on the health development plan at the economic level “be , grants to the Elysée palace. As for the payments, Paris has stated that they would not be conditioned to “audits nit-picky “ but to “reform plans “ on the basis of the “trust “.

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