The Foreign Ministers of the 5 + 5 Dialogue in the Western Mediterranean adopted at their 16th meeting on Thursday the Tunis Declaration which highlights the strategic positioning of Morocco, under the leadership of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, within the framework of this Cooperation Forum as well as its decisive contribution to peace and stability in the Mediterranean.
This Declaration reaffirms the appreciation of the 5 + 5 Dialogue countries of the role played by His Majesty the King as Chairman of the Al Quds Committee for the preservation of the specific character, the spiritual dimension and the particular identity of the Al Quds city. . They also welcomed the Royal initiative for the signing of the Appeal of Al Quds, with Pope Francis, on March 30, 2019, which confirms the commitment and leadership of His Majesty the King in the preservation of the status, identity and singular character of the holy city. The Declaration also underlines Morocco’s important contribution to the search for a comprehensive and lasting political solution to the Libyan crisis, based on the Skhirat Agreement of December 2015. It also underlines the involvement of the countries of the Maghreb region. which constitutes an essential guarantee for the success of political efforts to resolve this crisis.
In this sense, the 5 + 5 countries welcome the positive outcome of the talks recently started between the Libyan parties, under the aegis of the United Nations, in Bouznika. Regarding the Sahel, the Declaration supported Morocco’s call for the need to support the stability, security, resilience and sustainable development of the countries of the region. She endorsed Morocco’s vision of the interdependence between the Euro-Mediterranean region and that of the Sahel. On the other hand, the Declaration encourages the mobilization of the 5 + 5 countries for their action in favor of the stability and security of Mali as well as a peaceful political transition for the benefit of the Malian people, echoing the important initiatives taken by Morocco in this sense.
The Declaration reiterates the appreciation of the Dialogue countries for Morocco’s initiative to hold the 8th Marrakech Conference on Migration and Development, in March 2020, which resulted in the adoption of a Declaration and ‘a Roadmap that laid the foundations for effective and united cooperation on the various dimensions of migration.
This Declaration reaffirms the support of the Dialogue countries for Morocco’s vision regarding the need to promote a comprehensive and balanced approach based on the principles of shared responsibility and solidarity to tackle the migration issue. In this sense, they undertake to ensure fair and equitable treatment of migrants settled in host countries and to guarantee respect for their legitimate rights. In addition, the 5 + 5 Dialogue countries support Morocco’s continental leadership on this issue, which was manifested by the setting up in Rabat of the African Migration Observatory. They also reaffirmed their appreciation of the leadership and co-chairmanship of Morocco of the GCTF (Global Forum Against Terrorism), while welcoming the considerable efforts made at the continental and regional levels by Morocco to fight terrorism. as part of a cooperative and united approach, as evidenced by the recent signing by Morocco and the UN of an Agreement establishing a UNOCT Program Office for counter-terrorism and training in Africa. The 5 + 5 countries supported the Moroccan proposal to consider a strong and structured cooperation at the health level given the magnitude of the challenges induced by the COVID pandemic. The proposal calls for close cooperation between authorities in 5 + 5 countries to ensure universal and equitable access to equipment, treatment and vaccines as part of a fundamentally humanist approach.
Faced with the scale of the consequences of the economic and social crisis caused by Covid-19, the 5 + 5 countries have supported the Moroccan proposal to strengthen the socio-economic resilience of the countries of the region and promote the development of investments and trade to create the conditions for an inclusive and mutually beneficial economic recovery.