Kruzak is produced longer than all other Toyota models.
Toyota Land Cruiser is a true legend of the Japanese automobile industry. The car was born back in 1951 and was produced in convertible, hardtop, station wagon and truck bodies. Thanks to the supporting frame and all-wheel drive, Kruzak instantly won the hearts of motorists, it became especially popular in Australia.
The first “Cruiser“, which the, by the way, called Toyota BJ, equipped with a 3.4-liter 85-horsepower engine, combined with a 3-speed “mechanics”. “Ponizhayki” was not provided, but thanks to the sturdy body, frame and elements from trucks, the car showed impressive off-road capabilities. In 1954, the model was renamed Land Cruiser – a kind of “otvetochka” Land Rover.
Toyota Land Cruiser 20
The second generation of “Kruzak” was produced from 1955 to 1960. When creating this car, engineers focused on comfort and a more civilian appearance. Body features have become more streamlined, the interior has become more spacious, there is also a “stove” and air conditioning.
Initially, the car of the 20 series was equipped with the same engine, from Toyota BJ, later it was replaced by the Toyota F engine with a working volume of 3.9 liters, which initially produced 105 hp, and then its power grew to 125 “horses”. Since 1956, Kruzak went for export.
Toyota Land Cruiser 40
The third generation Toyota Land Cruiser was born in 1960 and was produced until 1984. Externally, the car remained about the same as its predecessor, but technically the engineers did what they needed. Finally, a downshift appeared, and the engine range was expanded by diesel engines in volumes from 3.0 to 3.6 liters. The transmission is still the same 3-speed manual transmission, and since 1974 – 4-speed.
Toyota Land Cruiser 55
The fourth generation Toyota Land Cruiser lasted on the assembly line from 1967 to 1979. The developers paid special attention to comfort – the 55 series car has significantly increased in size. Under the hood, a new 4.2-liter 2F unit appeared, which generated 135 “horses”.
Toyota Land Cruiser 60
The fifth generation of the legendary Kruzak was produced from 1980 to 1989. The 60 Series SUV received an impressive wheelbase of 2,730 mm, which allowed it to accommodate the third row of seats in the cabin. Spring suspension made softer, and power windows and seats with lateral support added comfort to the car.
It was driven by a 4.2-liter gasoline engine or 4.0-liter diesel engine. Their power was the same – 137 horsepower. A pair of units was a 5-speed manual transmission, and in 1984 the first “automatic” in 4 gears appeared. In 1987, a small facelift was carried out – Land Cruiser 60 became available in new body painting options, got big wheels and new square-shaped headlights.
Toyota Land Cruiser 70
The sixth generation of the model came out in 1984. The 70 Series SUV was the direct successor to the Fortieth and the last truly off-road Land Cruiser. This indicates that when developing, the priority of engineers was to make the car passable and reliable, and not comfortable. It was set in motion by a 4.2-liter 131-horsepower diesel “aspirated” and a gasoline engine of 4.0 liters and a capacity of 228 hp.
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
It was during this period that the first four-door version appeared, which received the well-known name “Prado”. By the 1990s, Toyota Land Cruiser Prado had become an independent model, the way we know it now.
Toyota Land Cruiser 80
The seventh generation of “Kruzak” was released in 1990 and was produced in 1997. Toyota LC 80 Series was simply unrecognizable – many rounded body lines made the exterior of the new items incredibly “fresh”. Alsothe SUV received electronically controlled locks of all differentials – two interwheels and an interaxle.
Under the hood of the car were placed 4.0- and 4.5-liter gasoline engines, as well as 4.2-liter diesel and turbodiesel engines, which produced 130 to 215 “mares”. Also on this SUV for the first time appeared ABS and two airbags.
Toyota Land Cruiser 100
The “Land Cruiser” of the eighth generation was produced from 1998 to 2007. The SUV remained reliable and passable thanks to the new frame with shock-absorbing elements. Unlike its predecessor, the Land Cruiser 100 received an independent suspension of all wheels and brakes, as well as improved noise and vibration isolation.
New units were found in the engine compartment: in-line “six” with a volume of 4.5 liters and “eight” for 4.7 liters. New diesel engines also appeared – a 4.2-liter 131-horsepower aspirated engine, as well as a turbocharged 204-horsepower and biturbo 250-horsepower engines of the same volume. A pair of engines was a 4-speed “automatic” or 5-band “mechanics”.
In 2003, Toyota conducted a restyling – “Sotka” acquired a new grille, headlights and bumpers, as well as some changes in the trim. Engineers changed the mounting of the steering rack and the threads on the steering rods and tips. Also appeared 5-speed automatic transmission.
Toyota Land Cruiser Cygnus
Particularly noteworthy is the version of Land Cruiser Cygnus, which entered the Japanese market in 1998. In fact, this is a representative “Sotka”, created taking into account the wishes of customers. The car was distinguished by four-section front optics, leather trim with walnut elements and a rear view camera.
Under the hood of the Cygnus was placed an uncontested 2UZ-FE 4.7-liter engine with a return of 235 horsepower. As part of the restyling in 2002, the SUV was replaced by a 4-speed “automatic” with a 5-speed one. Interestingly, Cygnus was shipped to Russia as the Lexus LX470.
Toyota Land Cruiser 200
Finally, the current generation of Toyota Land Cruiser 200. The SUV stood on the conveyor at the end of 2007 and boasted new engines: an improved 2UZ-FE with a VVT-i system and an “eight” 1VD-FTV. It was with these engines that Dvusotka was initially supplied to Russia, and 4.0 and 5.7-liter were also available in other markets.
To date, the 200th Kruzak is presented in Russia with a diesel 4.5-liter 249-horsepower and gasoline 4.6-liter 309-horsepower engines. Transmission – exclusively “automatic”, the drive, of course, is full.
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado Available with a 2.7-liter 163-horsepower and 4.0-liter 249-horsepower gasoline engines, as well as a 2.8-liter 177-horsepower diesel engine. “Junior” gasoline is combined with both “automatic” and “mechanics”, the rest – only with automatic transmission.
Toyota Land Cruiser 300 (render)
As for Toyota Land Cruiser 300, he will lose engines V8 and will receive more environmentally friendly installations, among which there will be a hybrid. In the “base” the 300th Kruzak will receive 3.5 liter gasoline V6, and the top one will be a hybrid based on the same motor and electric motor. Where further the motor scale of the Japanese legend will develop, only time will tell.