‘Magdalena’: the impressive hydrogen structure in the Milky Way – Science – Life

Colombian astrophysicist Juan Diego Soler, currently affiliated with the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA)In Germany, he led a team of scientists who discovered a huge structure of atomic hydrogen that runs through the entire Milky Way, our galaxy.

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This structure consists of a huge hydrogen lane 3,000 light years long and running parallel to the disk of the galaxy.

To this lane, which according to the researchers constitutes the largest coherent structure in the Milky Way, Soler baptized it as Maggie, an abbreviation of Magdalena, in honor of the longest river in Colombia.

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Maggie was identified thanks to observations made with computer vision techniques applied to the observations in the program THOR, (The HI/OH/recombination linesurvey), which contains observations obtained with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) radio interferometer, based in New Mexico, USA.

Thanks to these observations, the researchers also identified that Maggie is part of a larger intricate network of hydrogen filaments that runs parallel to the galactic ring.

According to the researchers, whose work is published this Wednesday in the magazine Astronomy & Astrophysics, it is the most detailed view of the distribution of atomic hydrogen within the Milky Way produced to date.

(Also: Egypt announces discovery of sarcophagi over 2,500 years old)

Scientists infer that these structures retain a trace of the
dynamic processes generated by the rotation of the galactic disk and the injection of energy from ancient supernova explosions.

“Hydrogen is the key ingredient to form new stars. But although it is the most abundant chemical element in the Universe, the question of how this gas assembles in the clouds from which stars are formed remains open,” he explained Yuan Wang, responsible for data processing at MPIA.

According to those responsible, the study provides maps of the gas distribution in the inner region of the Milky Way, with the highest spatial resolution achieved to date.

“These data also provide the velocity of the gas in the direction of observation. Combined with a model of how gas in the disk of the Milky Way rotates around its center, we can even infer distances, “adds Wang about
one of the methods astronomers use to determine the
general structure of the Milky Way.

Births, deaths and stellar ‘fossils’

To better record the atomic distribution of hydrogen gas, Soler applied a mathematical data algorithm commonly used in applications such as character recognition and analysis of satellite images.

This resulted in the discovery of the hydrogen filament network, including Maggie.

“In recent years astronomers have studied many molecular filaments, but Maggie appears to be purely atomic. Due to her fortunate position in the Milky Way, we were lucky to detect her,” added Jonas Syed, a doctoral student at MPIA, and who he is also part of the THOR team.

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Although most of the filaments found parallel to the disk of the Milky Way, another series of vertical hydrogen structures particularly caught the researchers’ attention.

“Like pizza dough when spun, we expected most of the filaments to be parallel to the plane and stretched by the rotation. So when we found many vertical filaments around regions known for their high star-forming activity, we knew we had found something important. Some process must have been throwing material out of the galactic plane ”, explains Soler.

Soler ensures that a possible explanation for these vertical filaments could be in stars with great masses (more than eight times the mass of the Sun), which inject large amounts of energy into their surroundings through winds, ionizing radiation, and at the same time. end of their lives through supernova explosions.

“Astronomers have used atomic observations of hydrogen to identify shells of matter around supernova explosions that are a few million years old. Shock waves from these explosions cause hydrogen gas to pile up in dense clouds. But this is different, “he says.

Since most of the vertical filaments of atomic hydrogen appear to be concentrated in regions with a long history of star formation, where several generations of star and supernova explosions have occurred, the researchers linked them to events that preceded the shells.
previously identified.

“Most likely we are seeing the remnant of many older shells that exploded when they reached the edge of the galactic disk, accumulated over millions of years and remain coherent thanks to magnetic fields,” explains Soler.

The results and analysis tools of this study offer a new link between the observations and the physical processes that lead to the accumulation of gas that precedes the formation of new stars in the Milky Way and other galaxies.

“Galaxies are complex dynamic systems and it is difficult to get new clues. Archaeologists reconstitute civilizations from the ruins of cities. Paleontologists rebuild ancient ecosystems from bones
of dinosaurs. We reconstructed the history of the Milky Way using hydrogen clouds ”, concludes Soler.

Science Writing


Construction of 2 Prime Rest Areas in North Sumatra Completed

JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – PT Jasamarga Related Business (JMRB) targets, development rest area KM 65A and 65B in Highway Medan-Kualanamu-Tebing Tinggi will be completed at the end of September 2020.

Second rest area is claimed to be rest area first in the Province North Sumatra (North Sumatra).

GM of Engineering and Project Control of PT JMBR, Dyah Ekawati Suryani, said that the second construction rest area are done simultaneously.

The details are the progress of development rest area KM 65A has reached 91.6 percent and rest area KM 65B reaches 90.4 percent.

“Currently, there is none profession construction by its nature major or related structure. The few jobs that remain are jobs finishing (solution), “said Dyah in the press release received Kompas.com, Saturday (29/8/2020).

Second rest area these are each built on land covering an area of ​​4 hectares and equipped with a number amenities as, minimarket, place of worship, free toilet, as well as an All-in-One Hawker Center ( food court).

Also read: To support tourism, the government builds a 7 hectare rest area in Puncak

In addition, there is a parking lot that can accommodate 100 vehicle small and 30 large vehicles.

Area commercial which contains a wide variety outlet by involving Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises ( UMKM) are also present here.

Of rest-area KM 65A will be provided with 60 SME outlets, while at rest area KM 65B will have 40 UMKM outlets.

Dyah argues, the second presence rest area first on the Medan-Kualanamu-Tebing Tinggi Toll Road, it can improve Jasa Marga’s services to road users as well as an effort to meet Minimum Service Standards (SPM).

Rest area This can also open up new workplaces that can be boosted economy local community, “concluded Dyah.


The structure of Rosatom bought a building near the Kremlin :: Business :: RBC

Alan Baloev, director of the Cushman & Wakefield Capital Markets Department, believes this was beneficial to both the seller and the buyer. On the one hand, there are few investors who are ready to purchase an office for such an amount, on the other hand, it is not easy to find a site near the Kremlin.

Earlier, Dom.RF stated that all the buildings of the ministries would be sold at open auction. And former Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev ordered them to get into commercial circulation.

It was planned to sell at the auction, including the former building of the Ministry of Industry and Trade in Kitaygorodsky passage, information about this was contained in the plan for holding auctions of the state company for 2020.

However, on April 18, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin signed a government order to transfer these facilities at market value without bidding.

In the spring of 2019, three federal departments – the Ministry of Economic Development, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Communications – moved to the IQ-quarter skyscraper purchased for them in Moscow City. Agency rights to sell their former premises, including the building of the Ministry of Industry and Trade in Kitaygorodsky passage, were transferred to Dom.RF state corporations. The state-owned corporation sold a complex of buildings on Triumfalnaya Square in Moscow, which the Ministry of Economic Development had occupied before moving, for 2.8 billion rubles. (3.37 billion rubles. Including VAT). The buyer was Mezhregionrazvitie LLC, controlled by the Moscow City Property Department.

Artem Filipenok, Nadezhda Fedorova, Anna Pustyakova


Industrial waste landfill caught fire in Norilsk :: Society :: RBC

Photo: EMERCOM of Russia

In Norilsk, a fire occurred at the Baikal-2000 LLC solid industrial waste landfill. This was reported to RBC in the press service of the Russian Emergencies Ministry.

According to the agency, the fire area is 1 thousand square meters. m. He was assigned the rank of 1-BIS. “There are no threats to nearby buildings. 26 people and eight pieces of equipment were involved, ”the message states.

Environmentalists presented a photo of pollution of water bodies near Norilsk

At 13:01 (9:01 Moscow time) the fire was localized.

A TASS source in emergency services specified that the landfill is 5 km from the city, the wind carried the smoke of the fire away from the village. According to the agency, if the wind changes direction, they will use a laboratory to measure the MPC of harmful substances.


Two tower cranes fell in Naberezhnye Chelny due to a storm wind :: Society :: RBC

Photo: EMERCOM of Russia

In Naberezhnye Chelny on Saturday evening, two cranes fell due to a gale. This was reported by the press service of the Ministry of Emergencies in Tatarstan “VKontakte”.

According to the agency, the first 60 m high crane fell at a construction site on Chulman Street. He collapsed into the garage, damaging several buildings. Work at the time of the fall on the crane was not carried out, as a result of the incident no one was injured.

A second crane of the same height fell around 19:50 local time at the construction site of the Mezhdurechye residential complex. He fell into an open area without damaging other buildings. There were no casualties in this incident.

According to the Ministry of Emergencies, a storm warning was announced in Tatarstan on the evening of June 27 due to strong wind, rain and hail.


The white house said about preparing for the second wave of coronavirus :: Society :: RBC

Adviser to trump, said it could erupt soon, and laid at China be responsible for the emergence and spread COVID-19. “Whether they did it on purpose, it is an open question,” he said

Photo: Cindy Ord / Getty Images

The white house is preparing for the second wave of the spread of coronavirus COVID-19, which could happen next fall. In an interview with CNN, said Advisor to the President of the United States on trade issues Peter Navarro.

Answering a question from host Jake Tapper, are the American government for a second wave COVID-19, Navarro said, “of Course.” “We are preparing, preparing for what is [это] can happen. I’m not saying that this will happen, but of course, you have to prepare for it,” he said.

The adviser also added that “China has created this pandemic.” “They created this virus. And they sent hundreds of thousands of Chinese citizens to spread it worldwide,” said Navarro.

Advisor trump has accused China of spreading COVID-19 through tourists

Photo: Alex Brandon / AP

On specifying question of the leader, whether China was behind the creation of this infection, Navarro suggested instead of the word “created” to use the word “spawned”. “Whether they did it on purpose, it is an open question. But it’s a fact,” he said.


Friedman the company to increase its stake in the largest mobile operator of Turkey :: Business :: RBC

Photo: Sedat Suna / EPA / TASS

The owners of Turkcell Holding, which owns 51% shares of the largest Telecom operator in Turkey, Turkcell, agreed to restructure the ownership structure in which the proportion of LetterOne Mikhail Fridman, German Khan and Alexei Kuzmichev, the operator will increase to 24.8%. This is stated in received by RBC release Swedish Teila and the message of Fund of national well-being of Turkey.

Before the transaction the Swedish TeliaSonera owned a share in more than 47% in Turkcell Holding. Share of 52.91% owned by Çukurova Telecom in which shares owned by Turkish Çukurova (51%) and “alpha-Finance” (49% through the “Alfa-Telecom”).

Now the Swedish company Telia sells its stake in 47.1% of Turkcell Holding $530 million This corresponded to a share 24,02% in the operator. Telia completes the withdrawal from participation in the company. Allison Kirkby, President and CEO of Telia, in the release called the decision “a final puzzle about leaving Turkey.”Now the company finally focuses on work in the Nordic countries and the Baltic States.

A joint venture of Turkcell Holding virtually ceases to exist. LetterOne by restructuring its stake in Turkcell Holding receives a direct share of ownership in Turkcell in the amount of 24.8%. Another 26.2 percent will be owned by national welfare Fund of Turkey, the remaining shares are in free float.

RBC sent a request to LetterOne.


TSB recorded a new outflow of deposits of the Russians from the banks :: Finance :: RBC

In may, the deposits of the population decreased, but the outflow was not as serious as in the beginning of the crisis, said the Bank of Russia. The reason for the reduction of deposits of the Central Bank called the long may holidays

Photo: Artyom Geodakyan / TASS

In may, when in the Russian regions began to remove the pandemic limitation, the Russians again began to withdraw deposits from banks, from the data of the Central Bank, received by RBC. For the month funds of individuals on deposits declined by 0.1%, or about 31.5 billion roubles on may 1, the amount of funds raised from deposits, made up of 31.48 trillion (*.pdf). The currency structure of the outflow, the Central Bank did not disclose.

The Russians for a month took deposits $5 billion

Photo: Alexander Demyanchuk / TASS

As noted by the Bank of Russia, outflow of people in may was “typical of this month.” “More spending because of the holidays, and lower incomes due to less number of working days, particularly people on piecework,” — explained in the press service of the regulator.

In the first ten days of June the situation has improved. “Funds from the public accounts also added (0,5%), and grew the balance in rubles and in foreign currency”, — say in the Central Bank. The regulator, however, did not reveal the dynamics of deposits separately from the accounts.

Tools of the Russians in current accounts in banks in April grew a record

Photo: Ilya Pitalev / RIA Novosti


In Minsk announced the seizure of the paintings for $20 million in the case of Belgazprombank :: Society :: RBC

State television reported that 150 paintings intended to bring abroad

Photo: Sergey Mamontov / RIA Novosti

In the course of the investigation in the case of Belgazprombank was seized about 150 paintings for a total amount of $20 million As reported TASS, this was stated in the story in the program on state TV channel “Belarus 1”.

It is argued that the paintings, which the Bank purchased at auction at Sotheby’s in 2013, it was planned to export at a lower cost. Among the pictures was mentioned

“Green landscape” by Marc Chagall and “eve” by Chaim Soutine.

Earlier, the Belarusian television reported about the criminal case against the head of Mogilev regional Directorate of Belgazprombank Sergei Karmazov. He was accused of embezzlement in especially large size.

June 11 at the head office of the BGB were searched. Employees of the state control Committee (SCC) of Belarus withdrew more than $4 million, and securities worth more than $500 thousand were detained 15 people — top managers, including Deputy head of Belgazprombank, as well as representatives of commercial structures (mostly former employees of the Bank).

The former head of the BGB is Victor Babariko, who had previously announced his intention to run for President of Belarus.

He Babariko in an interview with RBC has called the detention of top managers of BGB raids by the state. However, he indicated that he did not intend to refuse participation in the presidential campaign.

In turn, the press Secretary of the Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko Natalia Eismont said RBC that the case against current and former employees “Belgazprombank excited “serious articles”: the legalization of funds obtained in a criminal way in especially large size and tax evasion in especially large size.

In this eysmont pointed out that “Lukashenka’s absolutely no need for the intimidation and pressure on political opponents.” According to her, the current President, this may even hurt.


Naftogaz explained Vitrenko’s dismissal :: Business :: RBC

Yuri Vitrenko

(Photo: Serg Glovny / ZUMA Wire / TASS)

The dismissal of the executive director of Naftogaz of Ukraine Yuriy Vitrenko is associated with the optimization of the internal organizational structure of the company, as well as the redistribution of responsibilities between departments. This was reported in the communications department of Naftogaz in response to a request from RBC.

“The transformation eliminates duplication of functions, simplifies the interaction of units, builds a structure that will increase the effectiveness of the group,” the report said.

As indicated in the company, some functions of the divisions have already been restructured. “Similarly, the functional of the executive director of the Naftogaz group will be restructured,” the report says.

The company added that Otto Waterlander, Executive Director for Transformation of the Naftogaz Group, is responsible for operational and transformational processes.

Naftogaz manager linked his dismissal with refusal to fight against Russia

Photo: Yuri Vitrenko / Facebook