High schools and big cities. That’s where the classroom students are

One million two hundred thousand, about. Although the CTS has somewhat shortened the safety distances that students will have to keep in class from 14 September thanks to the redefinition of the calculation based on the buccal rhymes, there are still many children and young people who need to be relocated and placed in the next two months and a half. Who are the students who do not have a place in the classroom? The data of the Miur’s dashboard, according to which the Minister Azzolina has done the math, are keptiti password to the ministry.But a map can be made. The principals have already raised the alarm: they fear that we will end up, precisely on the basis of the availability of the spaces, to have schools of Serie A and schools of Serie B, that is forced to reduce time at school, to resort to distance teaching, in short, to get by.

The small regions

There are small regions such as Molise, Basilicata and Valle d’Aosta, where there should be fewer problems. Unlike the metropolitan areas, in particular Milan and Rome, Florence and Bologna, although cases are reported in Urbino, in Tuscany, in Varese.

School 2020, the guidelines for September: we return on the 14th (but with a cold you will have to stay at home)
School, the guidelines: there is no room for 1.2 million students
Problems in Rome and Milan

This year the 40 thousand school buildings housed 7.5 million pupils aged between three and 19 years, divided into just under 370 thousand classes: 20.5 per classroom on average, but with enormous differences depending on the type of school and the region. In elementary school, one class out of 5 (double in regions such as Molise) would already be in good standing since it has less than 15 pupils, while in high school, where the number of students increased, one class out of 5 (one out of 4 in Lombardy) has more than 25 students, with peaks even over 30. In Lazio we have difficulties in about 150 schools – explains Mario Rusconi, president of the regional union of principals – and the Metropolitan City has not yet let us know anything about the possibility of finding additional spaces. In one of the scientific high schools in the capital, Newton, about a third of the students are currently too many, it would take twenty-thirty more classrooms to be able to accommodate everyone. The Cinema di Roma circuit that proposed to make the theaters available: it has 26 in all to offer.

The demographic decline

Prime Minister Conte and Minister Azzolina, presenting the guidelines, said they never want chicken coop classes ever again. But with the anti-Covid rules, even a 20 can be too numerous. It is true that in the last five years the school has lost almost 300 thousand pupils and there are 3000 abandoned school buildings where to recover spaces, as the Minister Azzolina promises. But not necessarily that they are where they are needed. In regions such as Calabria, Campania and Sardinia, 80 percent of elementary classes have fewer than 22 pupils, while in Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany the sections to be divided are at least 40 percent.

High school

Much worse goes to high school since, despite repeated grillini proclamations, no one has yet gotten to grips with the norm passed at the time of Minister Gelmini which sets a minimum number of 27 students for the first classes, precisely in the year of transition which always indicates the more dropouts. For teenagers to attend safely in September, about thirty thousand classes would have to be divided. Too bad that just a few days ago at the classical high school of Montalto in the Marche it was not possible to form an extra first because it only had 18 pupils.

The paradox of the cut classes

As if that were not enough, from Milan to Rome there are dozens of high schools and technical and professional institutes that in recent weeks have seen the delivery of class cutting measures in the transition from two years to three years. Explains Roberta Fantinato, principal of the Minghetti high school in Bologna: The staff were assigned to us as if there had been no Covid emergency. With the further paradox that nobody has been rejected this year. Without the usual “shearing” of the classes at the end of the first two years, the third ones are much more crowded than usual.

The Marche case

There are regions like the Marches where some schools have more than thirty pupils in the same classroom for the whole course of high school, with peaks up to 42. In Milan, eight colleges are involved in the mergers. In Varese, the students of the Manzoni high school went even worse: they protested the choice to divide a second of 19 pupils. The principal explained that this has already gone well because only one class has been cut this year and in return the school has obtained to have one more first.

June 28, 2020 (change June 28, 2020 | 10:05)

© RESERVED REPRODUCTION

.

School and return in September, what students will find: “fragile” teachers, bus full and full time at risk

Somehow in the end the spaces will be found and where there will be insufficient shifts will take place and lessons will be shortened. But these are not the only problems that worry the principals who are reading the school plan for the next school year. Will all the professors be there to welcome the students on their return to class? The signs are not encouraging: of the 4,500 chairs freed by those who retired with a quota of 100, just over 3,000 have been assigned. In the rankings there are not enough prof. In September it is not only necessary to find over 200 thousand alternates who will be assigned to schools after the start of the year, as always. There is also the problem of fragile workers, those professors who are at risk due to their age and pathologies. The document of the Technical Scientific Committee for schools does not mention them, protests the CISL school.

Prof and fragile pupils

The problem had already arisen for Maturit: the principals authorized the commissioners at risk to connect online because the rest of the commission was present with the student. But unthinkable that, during the lessons, the teacher is at home and the class is in school. The unions have asked for a meeting with the CTS to understand how to do it, given that on paper the over 55 year olds are almost half in high school (47%) and a third in elementary school (35%). Obviously, not everyone is at risk, but the problem must be addressed. Not to mention the support teachers. Unfortunately they are missing every year, you know, but in September when we have to respect the safety rules, who will take care of disabled students who need more attention? asked Rocco Fazio, director of the Canudo Institute of Gioia del Colle in Puglia. In regions such as Emilia-Romagna the principals are concerned not so much by the spaces at school as by those on the buses: Here in Carpi in high school there are many students who come from outside – explains Luigi Vaccari, head of the Itc Meucci – in the morning there are about 5,000 young people who arrive together in our school complex: many by bus. We will have to get them staggered, imagining two shifts an hour away, because on the buses, with the spacing, they are not all there.

I turn

Her colleague from Liceo Fanti, Alda Barbi, with 65 classes and a new building under construction that will probably be ready in 2021, is moving towards two shifts and using the Palazzetto dello Sport: half of the classes will come from Monday to Wednesday and half Thursday to Saturday. We will try to always have the boys of the first ones here: for the others we will also do distance lessons. For us the problem is the management of 1,800 students in one building: recreation, workshops, entrances. To disappoint the principals was the proposal to do school outside of school, that is, in museums or cinemas. We go to the cinema and the museum even more than once a year, but not every week. How do you bring the kids? Who checks that the facilities are adequate, are there insurance problems? It is easy to say, but if the teacher the next hour has another class and must go back to school, in fact, still complains Rocco Fazio, regent of an inclusive institution with children from 3 to 14 years: For canteens then, two shifts are already taking place, we cannot let the children eat at 11. So mathematically impossible to make the timetable, one of her colleagues from an ITC from Rieti surrenders. Full-time may also be at risk for elementary schools in some cities.

Jobs

Recreation can also be done without. But there are also problems with the bathrooms: they are often few per floor, they must be cleaned every time a child uses them, not all of them have the window, which the CTS recommends keeping open. Doing the light construction jobs that Minister Azzolina recommended is easy to say. Not only because almost a third of pre-WWII schools, and historic buildings are bound. Even the principal of Busto Arsizio’s Tosi, Amanda Ferrario, who is part of the ministry’s task force and had moved in time to war with its mayor to knock down eight walls.

June 28, 2020 (change June 28, 2020 | 11:01 pm)

© RESERVED REPRODUCTION

.

School and return in September, what students will find: “fragile” teachers, bus full and full time at risk

Somehow in the end the spaces will be found and where there will be insufficient shifts will take place and lessons will be shortened. But these are not the only problems that worry the principals who are reading the school plan for the next school year. Will all the professors be there to welcome the students on their return to class? The signs are not encouraging: of the 4,500 chairs freed by those who retired with a quota of 100, just over 3,000 have been assigned. In the rankings there are not enough prof. In September it is not only necessary to find over 200 thousand alternates who will be assigned to schools after the start of the year, as always. There is also the problem of fragile workers, those professors who are at risk due to their age and pathologies. The document of the Technical Scientific Committee for schools does not mention them, protests the CISL school.

Prof and fragile pupils

The problem had already arisen for Maturit: the principals authorized the commissioners at risk to connect online because the rest of the commission was present with the student. But unthinkable that, during the lessons, the teacher is at home and the class is in school. The unions have asked for a meeting with the CTS to understand how to do it, given that on paper the over 55 year olds are almost half in high school (47%) and a third in elementary school (35%). Obviously, not everyone is at risk, but the problem must be addressed. Not to mention the support teachers. Unfortunately they are missing every year, you know, but in September when we have to respect the safety rules, who will take care of disabled students who need more attention? asked Rocco Fazio, director of the Canudo Institute of Gioia del Colle in Puglia. In regions such as Emilia-Romagna the principals are concerned not so much by the spaces at school as by those on the buses: Here in Carpi in high school there are many students who come from outside – explains Luigi Vaccari, head of the Itc Meucci – in the morning there are about 5,000 young people who arrive together in our school complex: many by bus. We will have to get them staggered, imagining two shifts an hour away, because on the buses, with the spacing, they are not all there.

I turn

Her colleague from Liceo Fanti, Alda Barbi, with 65 classes and a new building under construction that will probably be ready in 2021, is moving towards two shifts and using the Palazzetto dello Sport: half of the classes will come from Monday to Wednesday and half Thursday to Saturday. We will try to always have the boys of the first ones here: for the others we will also do distance lessons. For us the problem is the management of 1,800 students in one building: recreation, workshops, entrances. To disappoint the principals was the proposal to do school outside of school, that is, in museums or cinemas. We go to the cinema and the museum even more than once a year, but not every week. How do you bring the kids? Who checks that the facilities are adequate, are there insurance problems? It is easy to say, but if the teacher has another class an hour later and has to go back to school, in fact, Rocco Fazio still complains, regent of an inclusive institution with children from 3 to 14 years: canteens then, two shifts are already taking place, we cannot let the children eat at 11. So mathematically impossible to make the timetable, one of her colleagues from an ITC from Rieti surrenders. Full-time may also be at risk for elementary schools in some cities.

Jobs

Recreation can also be done without. But there are also problems with the bathrooms: they are often few per floor, they must be cleaned every time a child uses them, not all of them have the window, which the CTS recommends keeping open. Doing the light construction jobs that Minister Azzolina recommended is easy to say. Not only because almost a third of pre-WWII schools, and historic buildings are bound. Even the principal of Busto Arsizio’s Tosi, Amanda Ferrario, who is part of the ministry’s task force and had moved in time to war with its mayor to knock down eight walls.

June 28, 2020 (change June 28, 2020 | 11:01 pm)

© RESERVED REPRODUCTION

.

here’s what changes since September 14th

School, from distancing one meter in class at masks, but nothing plexiglass: here’s what changes from 14 September for pupils, teachers and school staff. Nothing plexiglass, therefore, but a meter away from the students. on masks in the classroom, however, we will have to wait for a new opinion from the Scientific Technical Committee which will arrive only two weeks from 14 September, the date chosen for the resumption of lessons. These are the main changes included in the final text of the 2020-2021 school plan, which today has received the go-ahead from the government, regions and local authorities.


The school starts on September 14, ok by the Regions. What changes, from masks to teaching

Count: «Enough chicken coop classes». Azzolina: lessons also in cinemas, theaters and museums

The news

spacing

The text refers to the indications of the Scientific Technical Committee according to which “the physical distance (intended as 1 meter between the pupils’ buccal rhymes), remains a point of primary importance in the prevention actions”.

Masks

It is not yet clear whether students will have to wear them during class. The Technical-Scientific Committee “at least 2 weeks before the start of the school year – reads the text – will update, in consideration of the changed epidemiological framework, its indications regarding the use of personal protective equipment”.

Distance learning

Lessons will resume in attendance except for second grade secondary schools, ie high schools, where it will be possible to provide «integrated digital teaching, where the context conditions make it a preferable option» or where «technological opportunities, age and skills of students ».

gatherings

To avoid overcrowding, especially when entering and leaving institutions, “deferred and staggered” arrivals are expected, while the canteen can be organized over two or more shifts. If this is not enough, the local authorities will be able to study alternative solutions such as the consumption of the meal in single portions inside the classroom.

Frequency and lessons

The attendance at differentiated shifts and the “modular articulation of groups of pupils from the same or different classes or from different course years” were confirmed. Instead, the reference to attendance on Saturday disappeared, replaced by a «different weekly modulation of time at school. «The school institutions – it is still read – will take care to guarantee, to each pupil, the same educational offer, without prejudice to the opportunity to adopt different organizational solutions, to carry out educational or training activities parallel or alternatives to traditional teaching.».

tables

The Plan foresees that Tables are set up in each region to monitor «the actions carried out by the Conferences of the services at a territorial level and by the various actors involved in the organization of school activities, also in order to detect any critical elements not resolved at the local level and support their resolution, taking particular care of the special needs coming from the need to protect pupils with disabilities».

Training

The schools will organize, individually or online, specific training activities for teaching staff and ATAs on the use of new technologies in relation to the various tasks and professional skills.

Institutes

In addition to the constant and thorough sanitation of the spaces, schools will have to «provide for the functional organization of the external and internal spaces, to avoid groupings or gatherings and to guarantee adequate entrances, exits, outflows and distances at every stage of the school day, for pupils, families, school and non-school staff».

Public transport

Plan «acknowledges the need to activate a special work table coordinated by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport, with the participation of the Ministry of Education “and of the representatives of the Local Authorities to” find specific resources that may be necessary».

Last update: 8.45pm

© RESERVED REPRODUCTION

.

You will not be able to go to school with a cold

From the 14th of September back in class, but I will not be a school year like the other: the risk of a second wave of Covid-19 obliges us to rethink many things. And to introduce the strict rules of prevention.Among these, there is one that for now has gone unnoticed: you can go to school if you have a cold. You can read it in the Guidelines published yesterday by the ministry of education. A rule that aims to minimize the risk of students and staff it rubs off on people each other. But that is likely to have an impact gigantic.

No symptoms in the previous three days

In organizational measures general that are listed in the Guidelines of the ministry, the law is The precondition for the presence in school of students and staff”: the absence of respiratory symptoms or a body temperature higher than 37.5 C even in the previous three days; not have been quarantined in the last 14 days; you have not been in contact with positive people in the last 14 days. Therefore, the interpretation of ir clear-it seems to be this: students, teachers and administrative who have had fever or respiratory symptoms may not present themselves at school and the ban is valid for three days. Say, for example, that a child has a bit of a cold on Saturday, and only Saturday: even if he is better, on paper, should not return to the classroom until Tuesday.

The rules

The prohibition was reiterated more clearly in the Five rules for back-to-school safetycontained in the Guidelines, which reads: If you have symptoms of acute respiratory infections (fever, cough, colds) talk with the parents and NOT to come to school. No mention, here, to the three days mentioned above. But the rigid rule: if the nose is cola, you must not enter the class. And if the symptom is manifested when he is between the benches? It’s the isolation. With procedures that schools are required to be put in place by the end of September. The motto we go back to school more aware and responsible: together we can protect us all. Right and sacrosanct. But remains a doubt: for many children, winter is synonymous with colds. Not to mention, then, of the season of allergies. The classrooms will be empty for every sneeze?

June 27, 2020 (edit June 27, 2020 | 09:14)

© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

.

Date of the start of school, September 2020 and guidelines Covid: today you decide

The masks

What changes compared with the draft two days ago? The regions have been promised the official of the minister Roberto Hope that by the end of August, the technical-scientific Committee expressed, once again, on the obligation of the masks. The promise is to do everything because the obligation to keep them in the classroom, on the bench, can be removed, if the situation of the epidemic does not worsen. They are, in fact, masks and distancing the two main obstacles to recovery in September. The regions have also proposed to change the criterion by which to measure the safety distance between the students and with the professor. And also the Cts, in response to a question of clarification of the ministry of education, explained that the required distance, a meter, means “from mouth to mouth”, that is, from the alleged and possible source of infection. This means that the rows of desks, seeing that the boys give back, can also be a bit reduced compared to the first simulations on the spacing made in the past few weeks, and then more classrooms may be “in accordance” with a few tricks.

The distance learning

For the rest of the regions have got to specify that the distance learning high school, envisaged as a possibility by the guidelines, should be “complementary”, which means that it must be of support to the lessons in class and never a replacement.

School, the guidelines for the re-opening in September: rounds, divided classes, and online lessons
Guidelines for schools: shifts, divided classes, and subjects were subdivided
More teachers

Two of the other concessions that relate to teachers, and auxiliary personnel. The ministry is back on his feet on the hypothesis of being able to assign the tasks of supervision of the students and educators of the associations working in the school. At the time, in fact when you carry out extra-curricular activities is, however, always a teacher. Will continue to be so also because the government has announced new funds for employment of additional teachers for next year, up to a billion euros. The document presented by Bonaccini and governors to integrate the guidelines then a long paragraph dedicated to the canteen service: since it will be simplified due to the sanitary measures to be respected, you want to avoid the risk that the cooks (who did not manifested in the square two days ago) they may lose the place: will be used in other always-on functions of the canteen service.

The dashboard

Finally, we simplified the structure that will govern the interventions on the facilities and furnishings: will the conference services and not the regional tables created by the ministry to decide on the solutions to be adopted at the request of principals and school offices. The tables of the ministry of education would serve to control and monitor, as well as the “dash computer”, that is, the database with references to all the classrooms in Italy: need to understand the critical issues.

June 26, 2020 (edit June 26, 2020 | 11:09)

© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

.

School, back on teaching at a distance: is “complementary”. And the university students come back in September

College students return to the classroom in September: it was decided by the rectors ‘ conference , gathered in Rome, and via the internet. Initially, the universities were oriented suna blended learning, but now the rectors have put in black and white that, even if the “blended learning has been an indispensable tool to guarantee the right to study during the peak of the pandemic”, “the university can not be separated from the classroom in the presence, or the place where teachers and students meet”, because “teaching is a learning experience the social, not only cognitive”. And also the government seems to back down: after the protests of the garrisons and the Regions, distance teaching, in the new draft presented yesterday by the ministry of Education, is defined to be “complementary” and not side by side with the traditional education.

The new draft

The final guidance of the ministry of Education are expected for tomorrow, but the negotiation is complex, because the first version, a draft version circulated two days ago, has raised criticism of principals, trade unions and regional governors. The officer in charge of regional Affairs, Francesco Boccia, says it is certain that the dialogue with the Regions “will produce the expected results”: the ministry of Education has handed over to the governors and to representatives of local authorities, the text up to date with the demands coming from the Regions, Provinces and Municipalities but the unified Conference on the school (State-Regions) has been updated to tomorrow, on Friday, at 14.30. “Give us still a little bit of time,” explained the premier Giuseppe Conte, ensuring that the government is “working to reopen schools in safety.” Among the novelties of the new draftthat the Carrier has had the opportunity to view, there is the “the dashboard only that will be made available for the consultation” able also to report, with respect to school construction, critical situations or “cases in which the spaces of the classrooms and expressed in square metres are not sufficient to accommodate all students enrolled in the course”. In addition, it is remarked booth Covid-19 with the regions and local authorities to allow for a “national coordination of actions throughout the territory” and a “monitoring” to assess each possible intervention, on specific situations, including, where possible, strictly necessary” additional “increases in staff, additional school personnel for the state schools”.

Resources

The parent company to the Chamber of the Pd, Graziano Delrio, admits: “You could maybe work on a preliminary comparison tighter, but I imagine that many of the indications of Cts are arriving on the table of the minister a few moments before. Do not let us make it a drama, the school there will be. We cannot fail this objective, it is a great test for the Government”. But, in addition to the issue of the rules for the re-opening, there is one of the resources to be put in place to allow schools to adapt: Municipalities, Provinces and metropolitan Cities to the government asking for “resources to make the interventions necessary to ensure the safety in schools and we need staff, otherwise we will not be able to ensure that the educational services. Without these answers, which are essential to allow for the reopening of the schools, Anci and Upi may not be able to give understanding on the Plan of the school”. Delrio provides: “The Decree of the Government will also give to the school a large chunk of resources. I hope that you find an agreement with the Regions”. Ensure new resources as well the deputies M5s Luigi Gallo and Gianluca Vacca“Our commitment to obtain the funds already in the next decree of the government – picks up a note – it is up: only with new resources, the education system will restart and is dedicated to innovation and quality. Another goal that we have to put a sign is to get a large share of the Recovery Fund european to be allocated to the fund”: funds that, however, they would not come before 2021.

School, the guidelines for the re-opening in September: rounds, divided classes, and online lessons
Guidelines for schools: shifts, divided classes, and subjects were subdivided
The blitz the League

Meanwhile, the League has organized a blitz in front of the ministry of Education. The target of the protest is the minister for Lucy Jay. “That is absolutely not able to handle the Italian schools”, thunders the leader of the League, Matteo Salvini. “There is no certainty on how it starts and when it starts”, he adds before to invite the majority to change the holder of the ministry of education because the current one “is a tragedy”. Salvini says that in the whole of Europe, “the children are in class without distance, without a mask and without the plexiglas. I refuse to put my 7 year old daughter in September in a class in the dark, without teachers, and without the protections of the. Throughout Europe the children go to school, in Italy no. It is folly,” he concludes. And while the 5 star Movement with Carlo Sibilia bubble the initiative of the League as “yet another farce of Salvini”, Giorgia Meloni compares the Education minister to Pontius Pilate“He has decided to wash their hands and download on the principals of the choices that they do not have the tools to take. Someone needs to explain” said the president of Brothers of Italy”, with which the competence of a dean should take a sanitary measure, the acceptance of responsibility that the policy is paid to take.” Hard the judgment of the Forza Italia: “Only a person who does not know the school can think of liquidating the beginning of the new school year with track the absurd taxes to the boys and to the teachers, with the merger of classes with no policy and with a reduction of the teaching hours of 40 minutes, alternating for the great lessons in presence and distance learning”.And Thursday evening from 18 in to 60 squares of Italy gather to protest also parents, teachers, and students, who gathered in the committee’s “Priority school”, supported by the Cigl and by the Cisl school, to ask for the reopening of safe schools in September, and to challenge the draft presented by the minister of Jay.

June 25, 2020 (edit June 25, 2020 | 19:12)

© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

.

Distance to school? No, classes added also 30 students

You write material but you read the crowds. May seem incredible, but while the government and the regions discuss the right distance to keep in class (a linear metre between a tour and another or two square metres per pupil?) and we still don’t know when you will return to school (even if the date of September 14 seems to be shared by all), the deans of the more than 8,000 schools and institutes, Italian gi for several weeks, are grappling with the formation of the classes as if the emergency coronavirus there had ever been. Already on the 10th of April, at the height of the epidemic, the leaders are assigned by the ministry of education with a note which announced urbi et orbi the joyful news that the organic school would have remained unchanged in spite of the demographic decline, which is forecast for the next year, 50 thousand students less. On the other for, since the executive did not want to put his hand to the applicable legislation, and that a ministerial note was tied by the hands and feet of the leaders, especially in high schools, reiterating that the first class must have at least 27 pupils and that, in the transition from the first to the second two-year period, if a section has less than 22 students, it should be broken up point and just dealing with the guys in the other classes.

Classes chicken coop

Explains Nadia Buraglio, vice principal of the liceo scientifico Frisi of Monza: The criterion in the formation of the third upper always the same: the divider between the total number of students and classes should make 27. If you are less you progress to the acquisition. But to sort the students at the end of the second means being affixed to form of classes almost thirty pupils. All the while, the government gave the order to the regional departments, to provide a mapping of the territories to understand which areas have the individual schools and how many may already cos, with some small adjustment, maintain the proper distance between the pupils, and how many others need to be identified and additional local.

Serological tests for all?

The rest, as far as par understand, the government is reportedly going to take especially pi collaborators at school (essential for all operations related to the sanitation and security of the institutions) and pi educators and teachers for the kindergartens and the elementary school (where the teaching presence which is absolutely essential), while at medium and higher would shorten the duration of the lessons (from 60 to 40-50 minutes, left to the autonomy of schools to decide). And’ to understand if the avr following the proposal that is circulating in these hours to ask the teachers to work for up to 24 hours a week in the classroom instead of the 18 base (paying the difference, of course): this would allow you to recover forces for the classes in case the classes should be divided then met to maintain the spacing. Meanwhile, off in the debate – in addition to the use of the template limited to the common areas and not in class – the idea of giving teachers and school staff to the serological test at the beginning of the year: I would like to do in Campania and Lazio, but are also considering other governors.

The maturity of the government. By Jay in Casalino, here are the votes of the exam
Giuseppe Conte: 60/60
Do not change the law

From Milan to Rome with dozens of high schools and technical institutes and vocational institutes that are seen in these weeks deliver measures cutting of classes in the transition from two-year to three-year period. Explains Roberta Fantinato, dean of the historic liceo classico Minghetti of Bologna: The offices territorial school we were assigned to the organic as if there had been the emergency Covid. With the further paradox that this year – because of the closure of schools during the outbreak – no one was rejected. And therefore, without the usual shearing of the classes at the end of the first two years, the third are much more crowded than usual.

The cases striking

There are regions such as the Marche region, where some schools have throughout the path of the higher pi of the thirty pupils in the class with peaks of up to 42. Thirty-one professor from the liceo classico Rate of Rome have written to the superintendent asking for a rethink: there are 11 second with 21 students, on average, that the next year would become a third with the same number of pupils, saw that there were slashed. Have been provided for, only 9 third, with 27 students. Milan are eight higher education institutions involved from the acquisition. In Varese, it’s gone even worse to the students of the liceo Manzoni: protested against the choice of the principal to divide the second of 19 students. The dean explained that the gi went well cos perch was cut from a single class this year, and in exchange the school has got to be a first in ir, to split the boys and the girls that come up and that is often found in very numerous classes. In Urbino, at the Liceo Scientifico Statale Luciano Laurana, Urbino, you want to go from 6 to 5 third, with a class with 32 students. In Bagno di Ripoli, near Florence, the representatives of the parents of the second year classes of the scientific and linguistic Gobetti wrote to the regional director of the ministry of education to denounce in the name of and on behalf of all the parents disagree with the decision made to combine the three runners-science two-third and current five of the language in the four third. At Tolentino in the Marche intervened, even the mayor to save the result of the fourth class of the Liceo Classico Filelfo, with a resolution of the board: the administration is ready to act in a legal way.

June 23, 2020 (edit June 23, 2020 | 12:32)

© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

.

“60 % of primary students will have careers that we don’t know yet “

The Cross : What are the skills and abilities to develop to integrate into the labour market in Europe ?

Nicolas Schmit : This of course depends on the job that one is looking for, but in a general way, it is always good to have a minimum of linguistic knowledge. Speak one or two european languages is, frankly, useful.

Mariya Gabriel : In addition to the basic knowledge – read, write, count, it is also necessary to acquire the digital skills base : today, they are needed in nine jobs out of ten. I also pleads that each one develops a critical mind, because misinformation is a phenomenon to which the young are not immune.

N. S. : Add an ” open attitude “, a desire for discovery, understanding, and a real capacity of adaptation. The idea of wanting to bring something by being prepared, also, to receive.

→ TO READ. The mobility of apprentices, an issue of franco-German

Within the EU, how can we ensure that skills are recognized beyond the national borders ?

Mr. G. : We are working on it ! But much remains to be done. We want to establish the european area of education. A flagship initiative will be to create alliances between european universities where the recognition of diplomas will be integrated from the outset. We give ourselves up to 2024 to work.

How skills evolve over time ?

Mr. G. : Very quickly, particularly because of new technology. Of occupations and skills that did not exist ten years ago are emerging and are a part of our vocabulary. We must remain open to these developments. Studies say that 60% of the students currently in primary school will have trades that we don’t know yet. The data managersall those people who know how to handle the data, ten years ago, no one had ever heard of it !

N. S. : There is a demand for profiles of highly qualified, especially in digital. It is necessary to increase the possibility for a growing number of people reclassify or acquire an additional qualification. This opens a lot of doors. The degree is one thing, but employers are interested in skills and availability of each and every one to obtain new.

The professional mobility, including through internships in another country, is it a way forward ?

Mr. G. : Actually. It is for this reason that the Erasmus + plans to increase the number of those who carry out a mobility in the framework of the vocational training. Adults, including those in situation of vulnerability, must be able to take advantage of it. We must allow all to move forward, to have a life project.

Is this a significant shift from the Erasmus programme ?

Mr. G. : In itself, the Erasmus programme is a great success. Ten million people have already benefited. In France, in 1987, the year of the launch, there were 895 participants, compared to over 95 000 in 2019 ! But the program is not yet come up at all.

N. S. : The Erasmus ” pro ” is very important, but it is more complicated than the academic program because when you go in a company, it raises questions of responsibility, insurance, social security, etc., We want to develop it because we know that an experience abroad is a great more that values professional training.

In Europe, the mobility does not concern, however, that 4% of the population…

N. S. : In the United States, the figures are not higher ! 4 %, this is not negligible. And anyway, mobility is a right, which should not become an obligation.

What it will look like the labour market in Europe in ten years ?

Mr. G : I try to imagine what will these jobs of the future, but nobody can say today. There may be need of experts in cyber security, from specialists who know how to control the drones, but at the same time, there will always be teachers, doctors. It is important to ensure that the human remains at the centre of the process it control.

N. S. : We are in a period of transition to digital, and environmental. To be honest, I never know how to respond to young people who ask me what they should study to be sure of having a job !

We can, in any case, from the assumption that person will no longer remain in the same employment all his life. Already now, there are periods where you learn all over again, where you are reclassifying. It is not necessary to see them as breaks.

Would you support the establishment of an agency of the european labour focal point the jobs ?

N. S. : This would be a bureaucratic monster, I’m reluctant. It was a system already in place today, Eures, which brings together thousands of offers.

Mr. G. : Centrally, it is the risk of growing inequality between those who have access to information and those who have not. In Europe, it is necessary to also focus on the local level and build regional ecosystems, taking into account the specificities of the territories, so that jobs and skills are the most suitable as possible.

.

Report cards at school, what are PAI and PIA

The so-called distance learning) has not only enriched the vast collection of the bureaucracy of the Italian school, but has given birth, for the cos to say, the two twins: the PIA and PAI. Soon the parents of our pupils will be able to familiarize yourself with these two new acronyms: the Plan of Integration of Learning, where the teacher specifies the part of the program that has not been able to play in this ‘annus horribilis’, and the Learning Plan Individualized, i.e. the parts in which the students and pupils, promoted by operation of law are weak and deficient, and can carry out the courses of recovery from September. Families are likely to receive via mail the letters with the PAI, if the children have had a failure in the scoreboard end of the school year, but will be able to stay calm, as all were admitted to the next year. What is waiting for us at our return to school, a mystery, and even the date a rebus chronological, to make it compatible with the voting and the constitutional referendum. Surely, the Pandora’s box was unroofed and the school needs a serious renewal, based not only on adequate funding, but also on its reorganisation: the DAD and all that it stands behind only the stepping stone to give momentum to our school, instilling, hopefully, a bit of enthusiasm.

The Dad in the times of St. Paul

But let’s get to the essence of the word didactic, i.e. to its etymology: there are very few claims in the language of ancient Greek adjective didaktikos, which comes from the Greek verb to teach: in The letter to Timothy (I, 3, 2), Paul uses the teaching in the sense of ready, eager to teach: But it is necessary that the bishop be blameless, not the husband of one wife, sober, prudent, decent, hospitable, able to teach. Jerome translate into Latin in the Vulgate with the term doctor. Paul in the second letter to Timothy (II, gen 2: 24) uses the word, with a meaning active: the servant of the Lord must not be quarrelsome, but meek with all men, apt to teach, patient, in the wrongs we have done. Docibilisin Latin. Other claims of the use of the adjective, except for a virt teaching of which speaks in a cursoria Philo of Alexandria, jewish philosopher of Greek culture, who lived in The first century.C., there are in the classical period of the greco-roman civilization.

The intuition of the teacher in the presence

In spite of the DAD, arrived in cos on the last day of school and the time flew, in front of a computer monitor and a virtual classroom: in my teaching, the material, physical, springing from a medical emergency, you did feel, in a certain sense, as, letting go the memories, I had almost grown accustomed to the cry, in class: Open the windows! I have to repeat it every time…. Each time, precisely, Tuesday, at the second hour, it was almost a routine comforting: the class had just returned from an hour of gymnastics (now called sports science) and was witness to the trace of the stench that hovered in the class of 28 teenagers in the full physical development. The spacing of the teaching does come in mind even with this particular certainly not pleasant, but with the same vividness of the mental association evoked by Marcel Proust, in a moment of epiphany in the novel, Swann, and enjoying a sip of t with a bite out of the madeleine. Missing from the teacher, a rite of the end of the year: a walk through the halls of the school, that they were filled by the merry voices of girls and boys, in the end of a year of living together, when a little more mature (the hope of teachers and parents), and you can enjoy more the freedom of a summer full of fun, as long as you have the debt in September, from the point of view of the guys. This rite is taken away the DAD: this render less handsome, the distance from the school and from what she represents, that detachment, the detachment, of which the teaching body has no need being in contact with other human beings in growth for many hours, and not just physically.

Aristotle and the welfare of his pupil Alexander the great

Teaching – I have done this idea, although in my short experience – based perlopi on the quality of the human relationship between teacher and learner, if you want to, as the word says, leave your mark. Knew a great humanist of the Italian Renaissance, Guarini, who writes in his treatise The teaching of Greek and Latin 1459: And therefore, in this context, young people will imitate the example of Alexander the great, who several times repeated, to be indebted to his teacher, Aristotle no less than to his father Philip, since the latter had only the life, from the first, instead, he had learned the virtue. Propterea quod ab hoc esse tantum, ab illo et bene esse accepisset. Behold, I, as a teacher, I learned a crucial lesson from the DAD, in the era of the pandemic of the Covid-19: to give the utmost importance to the well-being of the children in my class and of my students, in a period where the cor is spaura in the abyss of scenarios they have reached maturity. In the sense that they appreciated ir pedagogically and less philologically: well they as well. And if you have copied during a task in class… or better to house (them), patience! At least not know the PIA…or PAI?

**teacher of Italian and Latin at Liceo Scientifico Leonardo, Milan, and contract professor at the University of Studies of Milan

June 19, 2020 (edit June 19, 2020 | 10:26)

© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

.