“Kirdyk your America”: billionaire Durov spat in the soul of fans of the dream country

Why the creator of VKontakte and Telegram smashed the film Dudya

Durova made a move to take up a pen film about Silicon Valley of another idol of “advanced” youth – Yuri Dudya. In the film, emigrant entrepreneurs talk about the benefits of moving to the United States. Durov, claiming that he is personally acquainted with many heroes of the film, writes that he “noticed a contrast between what they declare on camera and what they talk about in private conversations.” Like, from all the familiar entrepreneurs from the plot, he “repeatedly heard about the downsides of life in the United States.” “Now one of them spends half of his time at home, the other has actually returned to Europe for several months, the third has become disillusioned with the Americans and is building“ little Russia ”around him,” says Durov. As the heroes of the film “demonstrate one very American trait – to avoid sharp corners and concentrate on the positive sides.” He considered it his duty to tell “about America’s shortcomings” and to warn the new generation of entrepreneurs from repeating the mistakes of their predecessors.

The first thing that Durov singled out is America, despite the image of the country of freedom, it is “a tough police state, which is the leader in the number of people in prison.” And even one of the heroes of the film, Dude, “suffered from the unjust actions of US law enforcement agencies and the surveillance organized by him.”

Here, by the way, Durov can be understood – the US regulatory authorities did not allow him to launch his cryptocurrency.

Durov then writes that the US has an “inefficient and expensive” healthcare system. That in Silicon Valley cultural life is extremely limited, and “San Francisco is the only place in the history of my travels where I was attacked during the day in the center of the city.”

The quality of secondary education in the United States is lower than in other developed countries. And “all the winners of the world programming championships who stand for eminent American universities are ethnic Chinese who were educated in Chinese schools and moved to the United States.” And even despite this, “the USA takes first places at these competitions much less often than China or Russia.”

In addition, the US has high taxes – “successful California residents give more than half of their earnings to the state.” And in general, “the United States is the only state in the world that continues to demand income tax from its citizens even after they left the country.” And “a United States passport is economic serfdom.”

Also, Silicon Valley is a place of high prices not only for real estate, but also for high-tech business. The American market is an overheated and regulated segment of the global Internet. “Even 10 or 20 years ago it seemed that all global projects could be launched only from Silicon Valley, and this was justified.” And now, “the biggest success stories in social media are emerging just outside Silicon Valley.”

In conclusion, Durov writes that “the United States is not the best place to live or conduct an IT business,” and that “human rights and freedoms are much better protected in the countries of Northern and Central Europe, and economic growth in the 21st century is concentrated in Asian countries “.

Many such a break in the template and the destruction of the pink dream offended, some were pleased. For example, Senator Alexei Pushkov agreed with the words of Durov and said that it was clear from them that “a tired hegemon is losing the drive.”

The famous political scientist Ekaterina Shulman commented on the statements of Pavel Durov for MK:

– He spoke out on a very narrow and directly related issue. That is, it’s not easy – is it worth living in America, is America a good country, is it worth moving to America, is America not a world hegemon and will it cease to be. Is it profitable to move to America if you want to engage in the IT sector. He calls the reasons why there are better options. He knows better. He knows more about this than anyone else. Here, it seems to me, it makes sense to understand that there is no good country at all, or a bad country in general. Everyone should relate to their own goal-setting. Especially when it comes to moving, emigrating. This is a traumatic, costly and potentially dangerous venture. If you decide on it, then it makes sense to calculate everything as much as possible. In general, no dream country exists. There are countries that are better for one thing or better for something else. If you are an academic, I will say from my sixth, then the country is not important to you at all, but the university is important. If you want to work hard for agricultural work in the season, then you look where apples are grown or strawberries. Durov’s arguments are reasonable. He says that America has high taxes, that the social support system is not as developed as in northern Europe. It’s true. The Scandinavian countries are the countries of the socialist dream that has been realized, although the taxes there are even higher. And migration policies in these beautiful countries are tougher. America attracts people by the fact that it accepts them. As for the statement about America as a police state. It also depends on who you are and what state you are going to live in and what you are going to do. America has a really brutal prison system. Ferocious, completely criminal law. The vast and growing, by the way, unlike us, the prison population and the deadlines. But who does this concern? I do not want to say that this mainly concerns the poor black population, but the statistics speak for themselves. Who mainly inhabits American prisons is known. Does this have anything to do with an IT professional who is going to live in California? There the legislation is more liberal and the population is smaller. So, everyone should apply criteria to themselves.

See also: Pushkov praised US Durov’s criticism: “Hegemon loses drive”

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Survey: 66% of Internet users support taxation of digital assets

Two-thirds of Internet users favor digital asset taxation, according to a survey by Childly, a South Korean wallet provider. This is stated in press release.

The study involved 5750 users from around the world. According to the survey, 48% of respondents believe that digital assets are required to be taxed, 18% support the idea of ​​levying taxes “at an acceptable level.”

Childly explained this great support by the expectation of users of full regulation and legalization of digital currencies.

9% of respondents said that it is too early to talk about it, 11% expressed strong disagreement with the idea of ​​taxing digital assets. 14% found it difficult to answer.

Recall, according to recent survey The Economist, awareness of cryptocurrencies in society is growing, with 26% trusting them.

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Bari Alibasov commented on the scandal with the apartment of Lydia Fedoseeva-Shukshina

Producer Bari Alibasov commented on the scandal that broke out around the apartment of his wife Lidia Fedoseeva-Shukshina. Recall that the actress rewrote her apartment on her husband. Later it turned out that Alibasov recorded the apartment for his assistant Sergei Mozar, allegedly temporarily, due to problems with taxes. Later, Lidia Fedoseeva-Shukshina said that she was misled, allegedly signed a document, thinking that she was transmitting books. Now the lawyer of Maria Shukshina, daughter of Lydia Fedoseyeva-Shukshina, demands that Alibasov be sent under arrest for fraud.

Now the producer in an interview with the Mash telegram channel said that everything was legal. According to him, the condition is stipulated in the contract that only Lydia Fedoseyeva-Shukshina will live in the apartment, regardless of who she is recorded on.

Alibasov explained that now, allegedly because of the situation with the coronavirus, he and Lydia do not live together, but their relationship is good, “despite all this kneading with the apartment.”

Read the material: “Fedoseyev-Shukshin was convicted of fraud after a scandal with real estate.”

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Real estate wealth tax and donations: the way forward

The property wealth tax (IFI) is a declaratory tax. It is therefore the taxpayer who must calculate if his real estate assets exceed 1.3 million euros, triggering threshold of the IFI.

► Who should pay the IFI?

Successor of the wealth tax (ISF) since 2018, the IFI has taken up the main characteristics (amount, calendar, rate …). With one major difference: the tax base only takes into account the property assets.

→ READ. Coronavirus: the re-establishment of the ISF again in debate

The exclusion of all financial assets (equities, life insurance, etc.) mechanically reduced the number of taxable persons. In 2019, just under 140,000 households were subject to the IFI, while the former ISF had affected more than 350,000 households in 2017, the last year before its replacement.

Taxpayers declaring a taxable net property heritage of more than 1.3 million euros are liable to the IFI. In this case, they must fill out a specific form which must be returned or validated online at the same time as the traditional tax return, the deadline for which was extended by the Covid-19 crisis, spanning between June 4 and 12 depending on the departments.

► What goods, what rate?

The IFI relates to the net real estate assets, after deducting what remains to be paid from the related loans. It concerns all real estate, primary or secondary residence as rental property.

The goods must be assessed by the taxpayer according to their theoretical value at 1er January of the tax year. The main residence nevertheless benefits from a 30% discount and the goods necessary for professional activity are excluded from the assessment.

► Calculation by tax household

The IFI also concerns the “paper stone”, that is to say the securities of companies managing a property portfolio, SCI or SCPI. As for the ISF, the base of the IFI is calculated at the level of the tax household: whether the household has one or two parents, and whatever the number of children, the threshold remains the same.

The tax rate is similar to that of the former ISF. It starts at 0.5% and peaks at 1.5% for the share exceeding 10 million euros. However, there is a cap limiting the taxation of households with large real estate assets but low incomes. In this case, the IFI is reduced so that the total of contributions and taxes (IFI included) of the household does not exceed 75% of this income.

► What reduction for donations?

The transition from the ISF to the IFI eliminated the reduction formerly granted to wealthy households investing in the capital of certain companies. However, it did not change anything for donations, neither on the amount of the reduction nor on its ceiling.

Donations can be made until the day taxpayers file the IFI declaration. They are entitled to a tax reduction equal to 75% of the amount of the donation, up to a limit of € 50,000.

Unlike donations deducted from income tax, IFI donations must however be made for the benefit of certain very specific categories of organizations, in particular foundations recognized as being of public utility, as well as research centers or insertion through activity.

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The declaration of the IFI is compulsory

The procedures for declaring property tax (IFI) are the same for all taxpayers. The declaration is compulsory. Those subject to the IFI are excluded from the new tacit agreement which consists of not changing anything in their pre-filled tax return. Any French resident (or non-resident but with a tax obligation in France) can declare his IFI with his declaration of income using the online declaration (you must then check the box “real estate” in the table at the beginning of the step 3). Since 2019, taxpayers whose main residence is equipped with Internet access must do so. From 2020, they will no longer receive a paper pre-filled declaration by post. If the IFI is declared with the paper form, the taxpayers concerned will receive a form 2042-IFI at their home. As with income tax, the paper declaration must be returned to the managing department. Important point: the deadline for filing will depend on the method of declaring income (paper or online) and the department of domicile, and no longer according to the value of the property assets held.

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Air Liquide withstands the global pandemic of Covid-19

In the first quarter, the industrial gas giant posted growth in activity.

Air Liquide managed to grow its turnover by 0.6% in the first three months of 2020.
Air Liquide managed to grow its turnover by 0.6% in the first three months of 2020. ERIC PIERMONT / AFP

The performance is remarkable. Like-for-like, Air Liquide managed to grow its revenue by 0.6% in the first three months of the year, to 5.37 billion euros. In published data, however, it fell by 1.3% due to the variation in energy prices.
essentially. Benoît Potier, CEO of Air Liquide, congratulates himself
of this performance obtained, “Despite the worldwide spread of the Covid-19 epidemic from January, with the corollary the establishment in the group of business continuity plans in almost all branches of the ‘activity”.

The group’s two largest divisions, the sale of industrial gases and the implementation of a complete solution for large industrial customers, suffered a 2% and 1% decline in activity in the first quarter. On the other hand, electronics, which requires industrial gases for the manufacture of semiconductors and other flat screens, resisted with an increase of 4%.

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An abysmal drop in oil, a small drop in gas prices

LE FIGARO INFO – From 1 May, the regulated gas prices applied by Engie will drop by 1.3%.

Since January 1, 2019, Engie's fares have dropped 23.2%.
Since January 1, 2019, Engie’s fares have dropped 23.2%. Jean-Christophe MARMARA / Le Figaro

These days, the consumer is hanging on to the slightest good news. This is one of them: from 1 May, according to our information, the regulated gas prices applied by Engie (ex-GDF Suez) will drop by 1.3%. For a long time, Engie’s administered prices have been linked to oil prices. But that is no longer the case, which explains why the next move does not reflect the incredible downward spiral of crude oil seen in recent weeks. Regulated gas prices now stick to changes in gas market prices. However, their decline is significant: since January 1, 2019, Engie’s prices have dropped by 23.2%.

3.7 million French households are still subscribed to gas with regulatory tariffs. A figure which recedes regularly. In 2023, there will be none left

Currently, some 3.7 million French households are still subscribed to gas with regulatory tariffs. A figure which recedes regularly. In 2023, there will be none left: the law stipulates on that date the end of regulated prices for natural gas, after several decades of a well-marked system. This means that the customers concerned will have to choose a market offer from the supplier of their choice by this deadline: this can be Engie, at market price, or one of its many competitors (EDF, Total Direct Energy, Eni, ekWateur…). In the meantime, the legislative system provides for the dispatch by Engie of five regulatory letters advising of the new deal, as well as information and awareness-raising actions.

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Metro, bus, TGV, plane … how is the recovery in transport on May 11 shaping up?

The RATP announced this morning its scenario of resumption of traffic from May 11, estimated at 70% of its offer, while the Secretary of State for Transport unveiled the measures under study in the sector. Le Figaro takes stock of what awaits French travelers.

  • Public transport operators

If nothing has yet been done, particularly with regard to the health measures and obligations that will be in force in all the territories, Jean-Baptiste Djebbari clarified that the objective is “to have the right offer, region by region, which accompanies the reopening of activity” It will take “smooth peak hours to reduce crowds“, He said on BFM TV. The companies concerned by the takeover are currently being consulted with a view to shifting working hours or maintaining telework.

RATP operates today with 30% of its usual service “for 4% of travelersAnd plans “70%” traffic for May 11. “It is very likely that in narrow spaces with high concentrations of traffic the mask is mandatory“, According to Jean-Baptiste Djebbari. “We look at all the assumptions: if we have to make it mandatory everywhere or all the time, just during rush hour and everywhere, or if we just have to recommend it“, He specified.

The sale of tickets on board is already prohibited by government decree to protect transport operators, “this measure is likely to be extendedAfter May 11.

Concerning school transport, a complex subject because no class or school “do look like another“, It is the subject of discussions with local elected officials. Solutions “practical and practicableWere submitted to the Minister of National Education.

In general, the government is working so that France has the “best global standard of cleaning and disinfection“, in the transports. RATP disinfects its modes of transport three times a day with a virucidal product.

We are able to go up to 50% of the TGV offer on May 11, it will be necessary to look at this according to the health doctrine“, According to the representative of the government. Several thousand Ile-de-France residents having left before confinement “they will have to come back, we want to organize these returns in the most fluid way” Depending on the reservations made – they increase for the week from 4 to 11 May, then the following one – the operators will organize an offer adapted to demand.

The wearing of the mandatory mask is also still under study and “arbitrations will be decided in the coming days

Aviation is a sector of “connectivity“, Recalled yesterday the boss of ADP (Aéroports de Paris). This implies that whatever health measures taken at the start of flights, international harmonization remains necessary. “We are working with neighboring countries because if we take a framework of measures that is not harmonized, we will not resume traffic satisfactorily“Said Jean-Baptiste Djebbari.

World air traffic is reduced to 2% of its usual volume. For example, Air France ensures “ten flights instead of 1,000” Again, “the question of compulsory wearing arises, and it is very likely to beInside an airplane, because respecting social distancing would imply either a consequent increase in ticket prices, or planes that would remain stuck on the ground, for lack of sufficient profits with occupancy rates of 50%.

The health issue is not reduced inside planes but also “all the way upstream” “Waiting rooms must be organized (…) the whole journey to an airport must have health security (…) the key word in transport is restoring confidence

Regarding the reopening of Orly, the Secretary of State indicated that he “Orly is unlikely to resume on May 11 (…) we do not envisage traffic of such a level that it requires reopening Orly

Companies in the sector, hard hit by the epidemic, benefited from tax measures and cash assistance for a total amount of “390 million euros “, According to Djebbari. “We will increase the effort“, He indicated by specifying”agree to organize a meeting with the sector in three weeks

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On the model of booklet A, Eric Woerth offers a booklet C to revive the economy, what is it?

For at least eight weeks, French consumption will have fallen to a historically low level. A situation, for those who suffer less from the direct impact of the crisis, synonymous with income. According to calculations by the French Observatory of Economic Conditions (OFCE), 55 billion euros will be saved by households after two months or almost of confinement. The figures for March confirm this: the use of the livret A has skyrocketed.

In order for activity to resume, OFCE experts then highlight the essential recovery in consumption, in particular through this savings. In harmony with the words of Bercy and its tenant Bruno Le Maire, who worried about this imposing use of savings, saying he preferred investment to it. Only, the double uncertainty as to the risks presented by the virus and in the face of the very threatening shadow of a major economic crisis, will prevent, according to many economists, the immediate and massive recovery of consumption.

It is for this reason that many are looking for an emergency door. Some advocate lowering the VAT, Socialist deputies request an exceptional and joint deduction on outstanding life insurance more than 30,000 euros. Éric Woerth, deputy Les Républicains and chairman of the Finance Committee of the National Assembly, appeals for his part, in the columns of the Point to the birth of the little brother of booklet A: “booklet CFor coronavirus.

As Éric Woerth’s entourage explains at Figaro, the deputy wishes by this measure to mobilize savings which “will not be fully consumed during progressive deconfinement” This “booklet C“Would help, according to the proposal of the former Minister of Budget, to finance investment and accelerate the recovery.

It would therefore be built on the model of its big brother, the Livret A, which, up to 250 billion euros, helps to finance social housing or the energy transition. Eric Woerth believes that this measure allows “involve the French in the recovery effort under known and reassuring conditions” Those around him add that this savings will obtain, like the Livret A, the protection of the State, which “guaranteed to the French the sums deposited and the remuneration“And would be done at the rate … of the Livret A, currently at 0.5%. On the other hand, Éric Woerth recommends very long-term financing for the Livret C to ensure a “solid” recovery.

A risk for the State?

A proposition that Philippe Crevel, director of the Cercle de l’Épargne, does not support. He considers this to be a “state financing of the economy, which has taken 40 years to re-liberalize, and which would make us go backwards through a system of public investment

In other words, he does not believe in such a measure which, according to him, “means that we would transform money in the short term into the long term to make the risk borne by the State and the Caisse des Dépôts.In fact, the Livret A, like regulated savings in general, is transferred to the Caisse des Dépôts at low interest rates, whose shareholder is the State, to then finance programs of general interest.

Is there a funding problem for the State and for companies, I would say no, because the European Central Bank provides a large part of it“Continues the economist. For the moment, he does not anticipate “failure of the French banking system which would justify the existence of a new element of savings.“”I prefer funding from markets than state funding“, He adds, before ironically:” aclose, we can invent the booklet D

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caregiver vacations

The Heroes’ Rest“: Initiatives are multiplying in the tourism sector to offer caregivers fighting the Covid-19 stays or”happy holidaysTo use for their summer vacation.

At our level, we wanted to join in the surge of gratitude: a lot of initiatives are helping caregivers today and we wanted to offer something that comes after, when they can rest and get together with family“Summarizes Quentin Schaepelynck, Managing Director of Homair Vacances.

This player in the camping sector, specializing in mobile home stays, offers 10,000 vouchers, worth 250 euros each, valid throughout the summer season in the 130 destinations offered by Homair, including 104 in the ‘Hexagon.

We have already received more than 8,000 requests from caregivers, it is a huge success, and we will most likely extend the device. What we regret is not being able to offer a voucher to all caregivers“Quentin Schaepelynck told AFP.

At the end of March, the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department was the first to launch a solidarity operation, called “The Heroes’ Rest“, By providing 200”happy holidays“Of”minimum value»500 euros for stays in Béarn-Basque Country.

Other departments have followed suit, including the Var which provides 1400 lots (stays, weekends, visits, gastronomic and wine discoveries) offered by hotels, campsites or restaurants, to “Var hero– caregivers but also police, gendarmes, cashiers or cleaning agents.

“Ssupply capacity

It is clear that we will not have a big summer season, so there will be an overcapacity of the offer, as much to take advantage of it for those who have been on the front line and who will need a vacationExplains Jean-Pierre Nadir, founder of the EasyVoyages portal, to AFP.

In a column published last week on the ConfiNews.fr site, he proposed to all tourism stakeholders “to develop a project“From”happy holidaysFor caregivers this summer.

It is not just solidarity, we create a virtuous dynamic: the State, which has largely contributed to the preservation of working tools, could see a fair return on its investment. And the caregivers all having RTT and overtime stocks that we can never pay them, this would be an opportunity to discharge this debt“, According to Jean-Pierre Nadir.

The associative network of Gîtes de France – which has some 70,000 labeled accommodations, located mainly in rural areas – also asked its guests to offer summer vacations to nursing staff.

This project is being developed, but everything is subject to government announcements and a date for resumption of tourist activities“, Indicates Solange Escure, director of the Gîtes de France, who recalls that currently, 1,300 lodgings, near hospitals, are already made available to doctors, nurses or nursing assistants.

VVF Villages, one of the pioneers of social tourism in France, said it was launching the operation “Heroes’ vacation” For health personnel working in the medical sector as well as emergency services, such as firefighters engaged in the crisis for example, VVF will offer “the equivalent of free for each of the + heroes + within a family stay“, VVF told AFP.

The company with associative status, which offers 100 destinations in France, specifies that these caregivers “can go on vacation from July 2020 to the end of October 2021, subject to availability and openings” sites.

See also – Confined New Yorkers sing Sinatra’s “New York, New York” in tribute to caregivers

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towards a strong return of the car?

To avoid human contact, synonymous with the spread of the virus, the car could become the most appropriate mode of transportation from the start of the deconfinement, scheduled for May 11. Automobile revenge for some. A nightmare in perspective for others.

The Chinese example

In China, the first country to be hit hard by the Covid-19, the population tends to favor the private car at the expense of public transport. An Ipsos survey, published in mid-March, shortly before deconfinement, illustrated this distrust of the Chinese with regard to public transport, considered risky. While 56% took the bus or metro before the coronavirus crisis, this study suggested that this proportion would decrease by more than half (24%), after confinement. Even distrust vis-à-vis taxis and VTC, with usage intentions falling respectively from 21% to 15% and from 21% to 12%. Conversely, 66% of those questioned said they intended to give more priority to traveling by private car, twice as much (34%) as before the health crisis. Indeed, for several weeks, Chinese car traffic has been denser than last year at the same time.

A craze that seems to be confirmed in car sales. Tesla electric car registrations hit a record high in March, Bloomberg reports. At the start of April, Volkswagen expected to see auto sales quadruple in March in China.

Avoid promiscuity

Will it be the same in major French cities? “ A priori in France too, people are going to be much more reluctant to get on public transport or to carpool “, Anticipates Olivier Klein, researcher specialized in transport at the University of Lyon. “ After May 11, there is an extremely high risk of the explosion of the private car, in contradiction with ecological requirements “Also estimates Gilles Savary, transport specialist and consultant at Euros / Agency.

For several reasons, the massive return of the individual car, especially in city centers, seems inevitable. First of all, the car makes it possible to avoid overcrowding which will be difficult to prevent in public transport. “ We cannot confine the population and then overnight, tell them to ‘crowd into public transport’. People are going to be much less likely to be promiscuous. Those who have a car will be tempted to use it. Autosolisme (the fact of being alone in your car), will become an implicit health prescription“Says Gilles Savary. “ A reluctance for promiscuity in public transport already existed before, among the population. Today, it is legitimate with this health crisisAdds Olivier Klein.

Then, it’s a safe bet that the precautions that will be taken in public transport (disinfection of buses and train and subway trains, obligation to wear masks, or filtering the flow of travelers), will deter some number of users. “ With the constraints of social distancing that will weigh on public transportation, people will choose individual transportation “, Projects Olivier Klein. Especially since from May 11, in Île-de-France for example, we can expect a still very limited supply of public transport, of the order of 50% of metros, trams, Transiliens and TER.

A scenario already experienced this winter in the Paris region during the strikes against the pension reform. Many have relied on carpooling, bicycles or scooters in shared access. “ Bad picks there again! Like public transport, these shared mobilities are today hit hard by this health crisis. People will also feel like they are taking risks Adds Olivier Klein. The car (with the individual bike and walking), again seems to be the most detailed mode of transport.

An opportunity for the automotive sector…

While today, a large part of the car fleet is stopped due to the confinement of the population, the sector is preparing for a gradual resumption of activity after May 11. “ Even if, given the circumstances, it is difficult to rejoice, it is an opportunity for the automotive trades , concedes Xavier Horent, general delegate of the CNPA, the National Council of the automotive professions, which represents 142,000 companies in the sector and 500,000 jobs in France. ” We are thinking of measures to encourage people to buy cars in order to sell dealer stocks, he adds. The revival of the sector will pass through there. Demand will have to be stimulated, while remaining in line with the environmental and climatic objectives that remain. Cars will still have to remain accessible to the general public.

… But use of the car limited by new habits

The aftermath may indeed be complicated for many French people, more than 10 million of whom are currently on short-time work. “ Many people will lose their jobs. If economic activity is depressed, there will be less movement mechanically “, Underlines Yves Crozet, economist specialist in transport. In Île-de-France, where 5 million people commute to work by public transport every day, teleworking should be prolonged and thus slow down commuting.

In addition, to avoid a wave of cars after confinement, provisional improvements to traffic routes for the benefit of cycling and walking are being studied in several cities such as Paris, Lyon, Grenoble and Dijon. The sunny days may also more naturally encourage the use of the bicycle.

For several weeks, a good number of French people have also been limiting their trips as much as possible to go shopping. “ People are experimenting with their neighborhood traders. For some it is new. Others do it more diligently. After the deconfinement, we may move less by car to a supermarket and we will continue deliveries “, Anticipates Olivier Klein. Behaviors that could persist and reduce the use of cars in big cities.

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