What will change from July 1: pensions, utilities, payments for children

Housing and utilities rates will rise

Housing and communal services will rise in price from July 1 by 2.4-6.5% depending on the region. Tariffs will grow most strongly in the North Caucasus: in Chechnya – by 6.5%, in Kabardino-Balkaria – by 5.4%, in Dagestan – by 5.2%.

The minimum increase threshold is planned in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug – by 2.4%. However, on average, tariff growth in all regions will be 4% and will not exceed inflation. Legislative authorities considered the idea of ​​“freezing” communal prices due to the deterioration of the material situation of Russians during the pandemic. However, the government rejected the initiative, taking the side of resource companies that, without tariff indexation, would face underfunding.

Electricity meters will be replaced for free

There is good news from utilities. From July 1, installation, repair, maintenance and replacement of electricity meters will be carried out at the expense of energy companies. Moreover, the obligation will be valid for guaranteeing suppliers in apartment buildings, and for network companies in the case of the private sector, cottages and legal entities. As explained in the Ministry of Energy, residents will only have to monitor the safety of meters.

Self-employed tax will be introduced everywhere

In a recent appeal to citizens, President Vladimir Putin proposed extending the tax regime for the self-employed throughout the country. Since 2018, he acted in test mode, first in 4 regions, and then in 23 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Moreover, the regions will be able to decide for themselves whether to join the project or not. Another innovation – as self-employed it will be possible to register from 16 years old, and not from 18 as before.

Freelancers and entrepreneurs who are not employed by the employer and do not have the status of individual entrepreneur or legal entity can become self-employed. With the help of the My Tax mobile application, they can legalize their income and pay 4% tax (for a client – an individual) and 6% (if a client is a legal entity or individual entrepreneur) instead of the usual personal income tax of 13%. According to the Ministry of Finance, more than 741 thousand taxpayers have become self-employed.

Repeated payout for children

In July, families with children will receive one more lump sum payment of 10 thousand rubles for each child. These funds will be additionally provided for a monthly payment of 5 thousand rubles for children under 3 years old and will be automatically charged by the June lump sum payment for children from 3 to 16 years old. A new application for financial assistance is not necessary: ​​money will be paid based on the data already available to the FIU. According to Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, it is planned to allocate more than 270 billion rubles for these purposes.

Pensions of elderly guardians will increase

The indexation of insurance pensions will be renewed for foster parents and retirees and guardians of minor children. Previously, they were equated with working pensioners due to the fact that they are engaged in raising children under the contract and receive remuneration for this. At the same time, the amount of remuneration was small: 4-5 thousand rubles. Now they will be annually indexed the size of the insurance pension and a fixed payment to it. Recalculation of pensions will take place without a request: no need to apply to the FIU. According to government estimates, the measure will cover 45.8 thousand adoptive parents-pensioners.

The transfer of pension payments to MIR cards will end

By July 1, banks must complete the transfer of pensioners to the cards of the MIR payment system. However, until October 1, the Central Bank allowed not to punish banks if they continue to transfer pensions to cards of other payment systems. Thus, Visa and MasterCard cardholders will be able to use them for another three months.

Microcredit tighten again

Starting July 1, new rules are introduced for the microcredit market. For microcredit companies with simplified regulation, the minimum amount of equity is set at 1 million rubles. Microcredit companies are also required to disclose information on the structure and composition of their shareholders.

Shoes, cigarettes and medicines are marked

The list of goods subject to mandatory digital marking is expanding. Information on all drugs imported into the country will have to be entered into the drug movement monitoring system. At the same time, the sale of unlabeled drugs that went on sale before July 1 will be allowed until the expiration date.

Starting July 1, the circulation of unlabelled tobacco products in the country should be completely stopped. Becomes mandatory and marking shoes. Products without special codes cannot be sold after July 1. Buyers will be able to check the legality of the product in the “Honest Sign” application: all information about the movement of a pair of shoes from the manufacturer to the buyer will be displayed there. Shoes already delivered to stores can be marked by September 1.

Tourists will be offered domestic holidays

Since July 1, the holiday season opens almost in full mode. Hotels and resorts across the country are starting to operate, restrictions on interregional trips are being removed, beaches, parks and embankments are opening. For a month now, the sanatoriums of the Krasnodar Territory have been working with a medical license, now all hotels, camp sites and children’s camps will officially join them. At the same time, Rospotrebnadzor obliged the resorts to observe security measures, including social distance. Regions have also introduced their own rules. Somewhere the maximum occupancy rate of hotels is being introduced, in some regions there are restrictions on entry. Before planning a trip, it is worth examining information about the limitations and epidemiological situation of the region.

From July 15, international air traffic partially resumes. Borders will be opened with the countries of the EAEU and the CIS. Europe and foreign countries are still closed to Russians.

You don’t have to prove disability

From July 1, it is not required to provide a disability certificate to receive payments and public services. The necessary information will be requested by the authorized bodies in the framework of electronic interaction between departments. Previously, because of bureaucratic delays, disability payments were often delayed: they had to collect documents on their own, write a statement to the FIU, and wait for confirmation of examinations. Now applying for the benefits of people with disabilities will be simplified.

Another innovation awaits disabled car owners. From July 1, an identification mark with a picture of a stroller is no longer required. Information about a car driven or transporting a disabled person must be placed in the federal registry, and signs will not be issued. To obtain the right to free parking, people with disabilities or their legal representatives must submit an application to the PRF to register the vehicle. This can also be done at the MFC or at the State Services portal. For disabled people, there should be at least 10% of privileged places in public parking lots.

Declarations of civil servants will be converted into electronic form

Civil servants will fill out income statements only using the special software “Help BC”. This service is available on the official website of the President of Russia. Such certificates are required to fill out about 2 million people, including deputies and employees of state funds. “Help BC” will automatically check the correctness of filling out the document, will store data and update them.

Workers will be asked to choose a workbook format

The government has postponed the period for notifying an employee about electronic work books. Employers had until July 1 to collect employee information about which format of the workbook remains for them – electronic or paper. The term was extended until October 31.

Universities introduce mandatory practice

Practical training of students will become an indispensable part of training for all specialties in universities, colleges and schools. Such a norm existed in the Soviet educational system, and in modern Russia there are only four areas left: aviation and rail transport, medicine and pharmaceuticals.

The geographical indication will be fixed by law

Starting July 27, a new object of intellectual property appears in Russia – a geographical indication. The norm will concern manufacturers of products, wine, and other goods. For regional manufacturers, the procedure for registering goods with a reference to a geographical object is simplified. For example, earlier the “Adygea cheese” was to be made exclusively from Adyghe milk and ripen in special baskets of plum twigs. At the same time, 80% of Adyghe cheese was produced outside Adygea. Now cheese can officially be called Adyghe if at least one of the stages of its production was in the locality of the same name.

Expert Comments

Alexey Krichevsky, expert at the Academy of Finance and Investment Management: “One of the most interesting and positive innovations of July is the spread of the self-employed regime throughout the country. This will gradually lead people working without registration and in private, out of the shadows. After the project is distributed throughout the country, the number of self-employed will increase by 1.5-2 times already this year, and tax deductions may well exceed 3 billion rubles. The state will ensure that companies do not transfer employees to self-employment for the sake of favorable tax conditions. For this, a transitional period of six months is introduced when the self-employed does not have the right to conclude a contract with the company from which he quit.

The introduction of electronic workbooks will allow you to no longer worry about the experience and the sudden loss of a workbook – all data will be stored on the Internet.

Regarding the indexation of housing and communal services tariffs, against the background of a total decline in household incomes, it was more logical to either cancel it completely or to postpone the period of raising the cost of housing and communal services for the next few years, increasing indexation by 1-1.5% during the “compensation” period. ”

Petr Pushkarev, TeleTrade chief analyst: “Definitely good news will be the repeated payment in July of 10 thousand rubles for each child under 16 years of age. Any social payments can stir up almost “dead” consumer demand. This means that this money will help business as well.

The long-awaited topic is the opening of domestic tourism with free trips between regions. The main thing is that vacationers should not be tortured with certificates and checks. It’s not a fact that citizens will go on a massive trip: it’s worth going to a hotel, where one of the guests will find a virus, all the tourists there will be sent to self-isolation. In the conditions of restrictions, the “wild” rest with renting apartments and private houses will be in demand rather.

Many Russians were waiting for a chance to become legally self-employed. It is good that the option will be available to the most active youth from 16 years old. It is perhaps bad that the decision to introduce a self-employed regime was left at the mercy of the regions, which could be delayed with changes in regional legislation. They still need to convince citizens to legalize and convince that in a few years the authorities will not turn off the benefits and will not “cut” the tax press in full.

The normal procedure for indexing pensions to pensioners-guardians of children will be restored: equating them with working pensioners was clearly a misunderstanding. The good thing is that with Mir cards, pensioners were allowed not to follow new ones during the epidemic, and were allowed to use the old ones until the fall. ”

See also: The expert criticized the increase in the retirement age: the hole in the budget of the Pension Fund increased

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What will change from July 1: pensions, utilities, payments for children

Housing and utilities rates will rise

Housing and communal services will rise in price from July 1 by 2.4-6.5% depending on the region. Tariffs will grow most strongly in the North Caucasus: in Chechnya – by 6.5%, in Kabardino-Balkaria – by 5.4%, in Dagestan – by 5.2%.

The minimum increase threshold is planned in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug – by 2.4%. However, on average, tariff growth in all regions will be 4% and will not exceed inflation. Legislative authorities considered the idea of ​​“freezing” communal prices due to the deterioration of the material situation of Russians during the pandemic. However, the government rejected the initiative, taking the side of resource companies that, without tariff indexation, would face underfunding.

Electricity meters will be replaced for free

There is good news from utilities. From July 1, installation, repair, maintenance and replacement of electricity meters will be carried out at the expense of energy companies. Moreover, the obligation will be valid for guaranteeing suppliers in apartment buildings, and for network companies in the case of the private sector, cottages and legal entities. As explained in the Ministry of Energy, residents will only have to monitor the safety of meters.

Self-employed tax will be introduced everywhere

In a recent appeal to citizens, President Vladimir Putin proposed extending the tax regime for the self-employed throughout the country. Since 2018, he acted in test mode, first in 4 regions, and then in 23 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Moreover, the regions will be able to decide for themselves whether to join the project or not. Another innovation – as self-employed it will be possible to register from 16 years old, and not from 18 as before.

Freelancers and entrepreneurs who are not employed by the employer and do not have the status of individual entrepreneur or legal entity can become self-employed. With the help of the My Tax mobile application, they can legalize their income and pay 4% tax (for a client – an individual) and 6% (if a client is a legal entity or individual entrepreneur) instead of the usual personal income tax of 13%. According to the Ministry of Finance, more than 741 thousand taxpayers have become self-employed.

Repeated payout for children

In July, families with children will receive one more lump sum payment of 10 thousand rubles for each child. These funds will be additionally provided for a monthly payment of 5 thousand rubles for children under 3 years old and will be automatically charged by the June lump sum payment for children from 3 to 16 years old. A new application for financial assistance is not necessary: ​​money will be paid based on the data already available to the FIU. According to Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, it is planned to allocate more than 270 billion rubles for these purposes.

Pensions of elderly guardians will increase

The indexation of insurance pensions will be renewed for foster parents and retirees and guardians of minor children. Previously, they were equated with working pensioners due to the fact that they are engaged in raising children under the contract and receive remuneration for this. At the same time, the amount of remuneration was small: 4-5 thousand rubles. Now they will be annually indexed the size of the insurance pension and a fixed payment to it. Recalculation of pensions will take place without a request: no need to apply to the FIU. According to government estimates, the measure will cover 45.8 thousand adoptive parents-pensioners.

The transfer of pension payments to MIR cards will end

By July 1, banks must complete the transfer of pensioners to the cards of the MIR payment system. However, until October 1, the Central Bank allowed not to punish banks if they continue to transfer pensions to cards of other payment systems. Thus, Visa and MasterCard cardholders will be able to use them for another three months.

Microcredit tighten again

Starting July 1, new rules are introduced for the microcredit market. For microcredit companies with simplified regulation, the minimum amount of equity is set at 1 million rubles. Microcredit companies are also required to disclose information on the structure and composition of their shareholders.

Shoes, cigarettes and medicines are marked

The list of goods subject to mandatory digital marking is expanding. Information on all drugs imported into the country will have to be entered into the drug movement monitoring system. At the same time, the sale of unlabeled drugs that went on sale before July 1 will be allowed until the expiration date.

Starting July 1, the circulation of unlabelled tobacco products in the country should be completely stopped. Becomes mandatory and marking shoes. Products without special codes cannot be sold after July 1. Buyers will be able to check the legality of the product in the “Honest Sign” application: all information about the movement of a pair of shoes from the manufacturer to the buyer will be displayed there. Shoes already delivered to stores can be marked by September 1.

Tourists will be offered domestic holidays

Since July 1, the holiday season opens almost in full mode. Hotels and resorts across the country are starting to operate, restrictions on interregional trips are being removed, beaches, parks and embankments are opening. For a month now, the sanatoriums of the Krasnodar Territory have been working with a medical license, now all hotels, camp sites and children’s camps will officially join them. At the same time, Rospotrebnadzor obliged the resorts to observe security measures, including social distance. Regions have also introduced their own rules. Somewhere the maximum occupancy rate of hotels is being introduced, in some regions there are restrictions on entry. Before planning a trip, it is worth examining information about the limitations and epidemiological situation of the region.

From July 15, international air traffic partially resumes. Borders will be opened with the countries of the EAEU and the CIS. Europe and foreign countries are still closed to Russians.

You don’t have to prove disability

From July 1, it is not required to provide a disability certificate to receive payments and public services. The necessary information will be requested by the authorized bodies in the framework of electronic interaction between departments. Previously, because of bureaucratic delays, disability payments were often delayed: they had to collect documents on their own, write a statement to the FIU, and wait for confirmation of examinations. Now applying for the benefits of people with disabilities will be simplified.

Another innovation awaits disabled car owners. From July 1, an identification mark with a picture of a stroller is no longer required. Information about a car driven or transporting a disabled person must be placed in the federal registry, and signs will not be issued. To obtain the right to free parking, people with disabilities or their legal representatives must submit an application to the PRF to register the vehicle. This can also be done at the MFC or at the State Services portal. For disabled people, there should be at least 10% of privileged places in public parking lots.

Declarations of civil servants will be converted into electronic form

Civil servants will fill out income statements only using the special software “Help BC”. This service is available on the official website of the President of Russia. Such certificates are required to fill out about 2 million people, including deputies and employees of state funds. “Help BC” will automatically check the correctness of filling out the document, will store data and update them.

Workers will be asked to choose a workbook format

The government has postponed the period for notifying an employee about electronic work books. Employers had until July 1 to collect employee information about which format of the workbook remains for them – electronic or paper. The term was extended until October 31.

Universities introduce mandatory practice

Practical training of students will become an indispensable part of training for all specialties in universities, colleges and schools. Such a norm existed in the Soviet educational system, and in modern Russia there are only four areas left: aviation and rail transport, medicine and pharmaceuticals.

The geographical indication will be fixed by law

Starting July 27, a new object of intellectual property appears in Russia – a geographical indication. The norm will concern manufacturers of products, wine, and other goods. For regional manufacturers, the procedure for registering goods with a reference to a geographical object is simplified. For example, earlier the “Adygea cheese” was to be made exclusively from Adyghe milk and ripen in special baskets of plum twigs. At the same time, 80% of Adyghe cheese was produced outside Adygea. Now cheese can officially be called Adyghe if at least one of the stages of its production was in the locality of the same name.

Expert Comments

Alexey Krichevsky, expert at the Academy of Finance and Investment Management: “One of the most interesting and positive innovations of July is the spread of the self-employed regime throughout the country. This will gradually lead people working without registration and in private, out of the shadows. After the project is distributed throughout the country, the number of self-employed will increase by 1.5-2 times already this year, and tax deductions may well exceed 3 billion rubles. The state will ensure that companies do not transfer employees to self-employment for the sake of favorable tax conditions. For this, a transitional period of six months is introduced when the self-employed does not have the right to conclude a contract with the company from which he quit.

The introduction of electronic workbooks will allow you to no longer worry about the experience and the sudden loss of a workbook – all data will be stored on the Internet.

Regarding the indexation of housing and communal services tariffs, against the background of a total decline in household incomes, it was more logical to either cancel it completely or to postpone the period of raising the cost of housing and communal services for the next few years, increasing indexation by 1-1.5% during the “compensation” period. ”

Petr Pushkarev, TeleTrade chief analyst: “Definitely good news will be the repeated payment in July of 10 thousand rubles for each child under 16 years of age. Any social payments can stir up almost “dead” consumer demand. This means that this money will help business as well.

The long-awaited topic is the opening of domestic tourism with free trips between regions. The main thing is that vacationers should not be tortured with certificates and checks. It’s not a fact that citizens will go on a massive trip: it’s worth going to a hotel, where one of the guests will find a virus, all the tourists there will be sent to self-isolation. In the conditions of restrictions, the “wild” rest with renting apartments and private houses will be in demand rather.

Many Russians were waiting for a chance to become legally self-employed. It is good that the option will be available to the most active youth from 16 years old. It is perhaps bad that the decision to introduce a self-employed regime was left at the mercy of the regions, which could be delayed with changes in regional legislation. They still need to convince citizens to legalize and convince that in a few years the authorities will not turn off the benefits and will not “cut” the tax press in full.

The normal procedure for indexing pensions to pensioners-guardians of children will be restored: equating them with working pensioners was clearly a misunderstanding. The good thing is that with Mir cards, pensioners were allowed not to follow new ones during the epidemic, and were allowed to use the old ones until the fall. ”

See also: The expert criticized the increase in the retirement age: the hole in the budget of the Pension Fund increased

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from July taxes down to 16 million workers

Roberto Gualtieri considers him to be the first form of the reduction of the taxes. The tax reform relied on more and more loudly. From the first of July will enter into force on the cutting tax wedge decided by the government at the end of last year with the budget. For incomes of up to 26 thousand euro, the bonus Renzi will go from 80 to 100 euro. For incomes between 26 thousand and 28 thousand euros, previously excluded from the old bonus, there will be 100 more per month in payroll. For income from 28 thousand to 40 thousand euro, there will be a tax deduction on the work that will result in a monthly benefit of decreasing from 80 euro to zero, in fact, to 40 thousand euro of income.


“We have reduced taxes to 16 million workers, and from the first of July the salaries will increase to 16 million people,” he explained Gualtieri. “4.5 million”, the minister added, “will increase 100-80 euro net per month, for 11 million old 80 euro will come to 100 euros, a significant increase, there are seven billion tax cut in a permanent manner, a first step of a broader reform of the personal income Tax”.

Grant, Walter: almost 1 million questions

The redundancy fund, the reform only in 2021: incentives for the employment of young people and women

THE MOVES
It is not a mystery that Originated in his tax reform, he would like to continue on this road. Strengthen that is, a tax cut for the middle class, reducing the third tax rate, that of the 38%, in order to strengthen the cutting of the wedge and increase the net income that workers receive in the paycheck. As the minister is pushing for a strategy to awaken the system of production, from the double dose of anesthetic administered during the lockdown: the Cash integration for all the block of the layoffs. The strategy of Gualtieri is to vitalize the labor market by ensuring a contributions to time for those who assume workers without sack them for at least 24 months, in addition to a suspension that is longer than a decree of dignity by eliminating up to the end of the year the obligation of a reason for fixed-term contracts.

But the summit, the majority of two days ago, has returned a government that is divided, split. To the recipes of the minister of the Economy, the The Five Star Movement opposed to their, which provide for the extension throughout the year of the Case, a derogation related to the Covid and block the layoffs. With a new variable, the proposals of the head of the government Giuseppe Conte. Its the idea of reducing, immediately and temporarily the Vat rate to boost consumption as made in Germany. Proposal accepted coldly by the Dem and by the minister of the economy for the effects uncertain, but the consequences are certain, i.e. the absorption of a share proportion of the 20 billion of new deficits that the government is going to vote for dab, once again, the economic emergency.

As well as Count he put on the carpet the hypothesis of defiscalizzare the cost of labour for businesses which give up to Cash integration-related Covid. The impression is that the doctors gathered around the bed of the patient have the diagnosis and cure too much different between them. But the problem is also another. The scarcity of funds could also affect on the measures of revival. It is the case of theEcobonus 110% for restructuring energy and seismic of the buildings, the only true measure of revival entered in the decree that even the word “revival” has in its title. The ecobonus will not start on the first of July as provided by the decree. Before issuing the decrees of the measure, the government will wait for the conversion into law of decree that will arrive in mid-July. Many other expectations of ecobonus are likely to be disappointed. The measure will be extended to second homes, but with the limit of a single dwelling an additional. And the maximum amount agevolabile will come down probably 60 to 40 thousand euro per housing unit. Also the extension to 2022 to complete the work hangs in the balance.

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Can we still make the public transport free when the coffers are empty ?

Encourage people to use public transport rather than the car – making them completely free, the idea is always included in the program of qualified candidates in the second round of municipal elections, which will take place on Sunday 28 June. This is the case for example in Montpellier of the candidate Michaël Delafosse (PS-PCF-EELV) in the lead in voting intentions and who has made it his flagship measure. To Nancy, the PS candidate, Mathieu Klein, also offers free, but only for the weekend to re-energise the shopping centre-city in trouble.

Shortfall of 4 billion

But in between the first and the second round, the health crisis has dealt a severe blow to the finances of local authorities. The shortfall related to the pandemic is estimated this year to about 4 billion euros (2.6 billion for the Ile-de-France) for the public transport sector. “Les organizing authorities of transport are close to the cessation of payments, explains Yves Crozet, senior economist, transportation specialist. They are the victims of a fall in commercial income (tickets and subscriptions). A decline in tax revenues (the payment mobility, the tax paid by the companies and which is calculated on their wage bill has generated less income with partial unemployment). They have also had to bear the increase in costs related to the reorganization of the services because of the epidemic.

In this context very complicated for all transport networks, cities that have adopted free public transport, the most iconic and the largest is the metropolitan area of Dunkerque (200,000 inhabitants), to assert less to accuse the shot. “The bus usage free of charge is to rise to 60% of the attendance usual“according to the director of the network Of Kbus, Laurent Mahieu. “It comes out pretty well compared to other networks“, he says.

Paradoxically, today, the networks that are passed to the free are rather comforted in this choice to the extent that they had already decided to spend revenue users and to finance their public transport otherwise“, explains Maxime Huré, president of the scientific council of the Observatory of the cities of the free transportation, a structure that is very favorable to the free and installed in Dunkirk.

In France, some thirty cities have a bus service free of charge. Generally, these are cities where the public transport network was not very developed and where the population moves around mostly by car. These communities have been able to pass this recipe linked to ticketing, without weighing too in their finances. Dunkerque, for example, or to Niort, the revenue users accounted for about 10% of the transport budget overall before moving to the free. While on large networks, such as Paris or Lyon, the revenue related to the securities of transportation are rather of the order of 30% of the overall budget. The networks were not saturated as in the city of paris or lyon.

The walk to the free is expected to accelerate

Yves Crozet, senior economist, Transport

Free is not going to spread like wildfire“, says Yves Crozet. On the other hand, “the walk to free education is expected to accelerate“. The economist estimated that two of the arguments of the defenders of the free transport – and in particular the city councils in majority (or large minority of green) – can “run a full“in the current context. Namely : “it is necessary to make it back at all costs-customers to use mass transit”. Free can be a way to attract them. In addition, “since the commercial revenue represent almost nothing, why not go completely”.

But the debate is far from closed. The Grouping of the transport organizing authorities (Gart), which brings together local elected officials, warns that the passage to the free cities that are considering it would be an additional difficulty. “If you do free it does cost more. We also need to invest in the network. However, in a context of post Covid, it becomes very complicated“says Bernard Soulage, chairman of the scientific committee of the Gart. “The studies also show that the question of price is not a determining factor. As soon as there is a concern of health, the people are picking the car that is much more expensive than transport in common“, he adds.

In the current context where the payment mobility declining and the commercial revenue are on the decline, there’s so much to compensate that it seems to me a bit suicidal to sit on the little commercial revenue that we have“, also believes Joel Hazan, an expert in mobility at the Boston Consulting Group (BCG), as cited by AFP. “What public transport need, it is extra money“he points out. “Free, as it makes a return in the public transport of people who would not have moved or who would have market“, he says, adding that it is always possible to improve the pricing of social for those who really need it.

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“Kirdyk your America”: billionaire Durov spat in the soul of fans of the dream country

Why the creator of VKontakte and Telegram smashed the film Dudya

Durova made a move to take up a pen film about Silicon Valley of another idol of “advanced” youth – Yuri Dudya. In the film, emigrant entrepreneurs talk about the benefits of moving to the United States. Durov, claiming that he is personally acquainted with many heroes of the film, writes that he “noticed a contrast between what they declare on camera and what they talk about in private conversations.” Like, from all the familiar entrepreneurs from the plot, he “repeatedly heard about the downsides of life in the United States.” “Now one of them spends half of his time at home, the other has actually returned to Europe for several months, the third has become disillusioned with the Americans and is building“ little Russia ”around him,” says Durov. As the heroes of the film “demonstrate one very American trait – to avoid sharp corners and concentrate on the positive sides.” He considered it his duty to tell “about America’s shortcomings” and to warn the new generation of entrepreneurs from repeating the mistakes of their predecessors.

The first thing that Durov singled out is America, despite the image of the country of freedom, it is “a tough police state, which is the leader in the number of people in prison.” And even one of the heroes of the film, Dude, “suffered from the unjust actions of US law enforcement agencies and the surveillance organized by him.”

Here, by the way, Durov can be understood – the US regulatory authorities did not allow him to launch his cryptocurrency.

Durov then writes that the US has an “inefficient and expensive” healthcare system. That in Silicon Valley cultural life is extremely limited, and “San Francisco is the only place in the history of my travels where I was attacked during the day in the center of the city.”

The quality of secondary education in the United States is lower than in other developed countries. And “all the winners of the world programming championships who stand for eminent American universities are ethnic Chinese who were educated in Chinese schools and moved to the United States.” And even despite this, “the USA takes first places at these competitions much less often than China or Russia.”

In addition, the US has high taxes – “successful California residents give more than half of their earnings to the state.” And in general, “the United States is the only state in the world that continues to demand income tax from its citizens even after they left the country.” And “a United States passport is economic serfdom.”

Also, Silicon Valley is a place of high prices not only for real estate, but also for high-tech business. The American market is an overheated and regulated segment of the global Internet. “Even 10 or 20 years ago it seemed that all global projects could be launched only from Silicon Valley, and this was justified.” And now, “the biggest success stories in social media are emerging just outside Silicon Valley.”

In conclusion, Durov writes that “the United States is not the best place to live or conduct an IT business,” and that “human rights and freedoms are much better protected in the countries of Northern and Central Europe, and economic growth in the 21st century is concentrated in Asian countries “.

Many such a break in the template and the destruction of the pink dream offended, some were pleased. For example, Senator Alexei Pushkov agreed with the words of Durov and said that it was clear from them that “a tired hegemon is losing the drive.”

The famous political scientist Ekaterina Shulman commented on the statements of Pavel Durov for MK:

– He spoke out on a very narrow and directly related issue. That is, it’s not easy – is it worth living in America, is America a good country, is it worth moving to America, is America not a world hegemon and will it cease to be. Is it profitable to move to America if you want to engage in the IT sector. He calls the reasons why there are better options. He knows better. He knows more about this than anyone else. Here, it seems to me, it makes sense to understand that there is no good country at all, or a bad country in general. Everyone should relate to their own goal-setting. Especially when it comes to moving, emigrating. This is a traumatic, costly and potentially dangerous venture. If you decide on it, then it makes sense to calculate everything as much as possible. In general, no dream country exists. There are countries that are better for one thing or better for something else. If you are an academic, I will say from my sixth, then the country is not important to you at all, but the university is important. If you want to work hard for agricultural work in the season, then you look where apples are grown or strawberries. Durov’s arguments are reasonable. He says that America has high taxes, that the social support system is not as developed as in northern Europe. It’s true. The Scandinavian countries are the countries of the socialist dream that has been realized, although the taxes there are even higher. And migration policies in these beautiful countries are tougher. America attracts people by the fact that it accepts them. As for the statement about America as a police state. It also depends on who you are and what state you are going to live in and what you are going to do. America has a really brutal prison system. Ferocious, completely criminal law. The vast and growing, by the way, unlike us, the prison population and the deadlines. But who does this concern? I do not want to say that this mainly concerns the poor black population, but the statistics speak for themselves. Who mainly inhabits American prisons is known. Does this have anything to do with an IT professional who is going to live in California? There the legislation is more liberal and the population is smaller. So, everyone should apply criteria to themselves.

See also: Pushkov praised US Durov’s criticism: “Hegemon loses drive”

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Survey: 66% of Internet users support taxation of digital assets

Two-thirds of Internet users favor digital asset taxation, according to a survey by Childly, a South Korean wallet provider. This is stated in press release.

The study involved 5750 users from around the world. According to the survey, 48% of respondents believe that digital assets are required to be taxed, 18% support the idea of ​​levying taxes “at an acceptable level.”

Childly explained this great support by the expectation of users of full regulation and legalization of digital currencies.

9% of respondents said that it is too early to talk about it, 11% expressed strong disagreement with the idea of ​​taxing digital assets. 14% found it difficult to answer.

Recall, according to recent survey The Economist, awareness of cryptocurrencies in society is growing, with 26% trusting them.

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Bari Alibasov commented on the scandal with the apartment of Lydia Fedoseeva-Shukshina

Producer Bari Alibasov commented on the scandal that broke out around the apartment of his wife Lidia Fedoseeva-Shukshina. Recall that the actress rewrote her apartment on her husband. Later it turned out that Alibasov recorded the apartment for his assistant Sergei Mozar, allegedly temporarily, due to problems with taxes. Later, Lidia Fedoseeva-Shukshina said that she was misled, allegedly signed a document, thinking that she was transmitting books. Now the lawyer of Maria Shukshina, daughter of Lydia Fedoseyeva-Shukshina, demands that Alibasov be sent under arrest for fraud.

Now the producer in an interview with the Mash telegram channel said that everything was legal. According to him, the condition is stipulated in the contract that only Lydia Fedoseyeva-Shukshina will live in the apartment, regardless of who she is recorded on.

Alibasov explained that now, allegedly because of the situation with the coronavirus, he and Lydia do not live together, but their relationship is good, “despite all this kneading with the apartment.”

Read the material: “Fedoseyev-Shukshin was convicted of fraud after a scandal with real estate.”

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Real estate wealth tax and donations: the way forward

The property wealth tax (IFI) is a declaratory tax. It is therefore the taxpayer who must calculate if his real estate assets exceed 1.3 million euros, triggering threshold of the IFI.

► Who should pay the IFI?

Successor of the wealth tax (ISF) since 2018, the IFI has taken up the main characteristics (amount, calendar, rate …). With one major difference: the tax base only takes into account the property assets.

→ READ. Coronavirus: the re-establishment of the ISF again in debate

The exclusion of all financial assets (equities, life insurance, etc.) mechanically reduced the number of taxable persons. In 2019, just under 140,000 households were subject to the IFI, while the former ISF had affected more than 350,000 households in 2017, the last year before its replacement.

Taxpayers declaring a taxable net property heritage of more than 1.3 million euros are liable to the IFI. In this case, they must fill out a specific form which must be returned or validated online at the same time as the traditional tax return, the deadline for which was extended by the Covid-19 crisis, spanning between June 4 and 12 depending on the departments.

► What goods, what rate?

The IFI relates to the net real estate assets, after deducting what remains to be paid from the related loans. It concerns all real estate, primary or secondary residence as rental property.

The goods must be assessed by the taxpayer according to their theoretical value at 1er January of the tax year. The main residence nevertheless benefits from a 30% discount and the goods necessary for professional activity are excluded from the assessment.

► Calculation by tax household

The IFI also concerns the “paper stone”, that is to say the securities of companies managing a property portfolio, SCI or SCPI. As for the ISF, the base of the IFI is calculated at the level of the tax household: whether the household has one or two parents, and whatever the number of children, the threshold remains the same.

The tax rate is similar to that of the former ISF. It starts at 0.5% and peaks at 1.5% for the share exceeding 10 million euros. However, there is a cap limiting the taxation of households with large real estate assets but low incomes. In this case, the IFI is reduced so that the total of contributions and taxes (IFI included) of the household does not exceed 75% of this income.

► What reduction for donations?

The transition from the ISF to the IFI eliminated the reduction formerly granted to wealthy households investing in the capital of certain companies. However, it did not change anything for donations, neither on the amount of the reduction nor on its ceiling.

Donations can be made until the day taxpayers file the IFI declaration. They are entitled to a tax reduction equal to 75% of the amount of the donation, up to a limit of € 50,000.

Unlike donations deducted from income tax, IFI donations must however be made for the benefit of certain very specific categories of organizations, in particular foundations recognized as being of public utility, as well as research centers or insertion through activity.

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The declaration of the IFI is compulsory

The procedures for declaring property tax (IFI) are the same for all taxpayers. The declaration is compulsory. Those subject to the IFI are excluded from the new tacit agreement which consists of not changing anything in their pre-filled tax return. Any French resident (or non-resident but with a tax obligation in France) can declare his IFI with his declaration of income using the online declaration (you must then check the box “real estate” in the table at the beginning of the step 3). Since 2019, taxpayers whose main residence is equipped with Internet access must do so. From 2020, they will no longer receive a paper pre-filled declaration by post. If the IFI is declared with the paper form, the taxpayers concerned will receive a form 2042-IFI at their home. As with income tax, the paper declaration must be returned to the managing department. Important point: the deadline for filing will depend on the method of declaring income (paper or online) and the department of domicile, and no longer according to the value of the property assets held.

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Air Liquide withstands the global pandemic of Covid-19

In the first quarter, the industrial gas giant posted growth in activity.

Air Liquide managed to grow its turnover by 0.6% in the first three months of 2020.
Air Liquide managed to grow its turnover by 0.6% in the first three months of 2020. ERIC PIERMONT / AFP

The performance is remarkable. Like-for-like, Air Liquide managed to grow its revenue by 0.6% in the first three months of the year, to 5.37 billion euros. In published data, however, it fell by 1.3% due to the variation in energy prices.
essentially. Benoît Potier, CEO of Air Liquide, congratulates himself
of this performance obtained, “Despite the worldwide spread of the Covid-19 epidemic from January, with the corollary the establishment in the group of business continuity plans in almost all branches of the ‘activity”.

The group’s two largest divisions, the sale of industrial gases and the implementation of a complete solution for large industrial customers, suffered a 2% and 1% decline in activity in the first quarter. On the other hand, electronics, which requires industrial gases for the manufacture of semiconductors and other flat screens, resisted with an increase of 4%.

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An abysmal drop in oil, a small drop in gas prices

LE FIGARO INFO – From 1 May, the regulated gas prices applied by Engie will drop by 1.3%.

Since January 1, 2019, Engie's fares have dropped 23.2%.
Since January 1, 2019, Engie’s fares have dropped 23.2%. Jean-Christophe MARMARA / Le Figaro

These days, the consumer is hanging on to the slightest good news. This is one of them: from 1 May, according to our information, the regulated gas prices applied by Engie (ex-GDF Suez) will drop by 1.3%. For a long time, Engie’s administered prices have been linked to oil prices. But that is no longer the case, which explains why the next move does not reflect the incredible downward spiral of crude oil seen in recent weeks. Regulated gas prices now stick to changes in gas market prices. However, their decline is significant: since January 1, 2019, Engie’s prices have dropped by 23.2%.

3.7 million French households are still subscribed to gas with regulatory tariffs. A figure which recedes regularly. In 2023, there will be none left

Currently, some 3.7 million French households are still subscribed to gas with regulatory tariffs. A figure which recedes regularly. In 2023, there will be none left: the law stipulates on that date the end of regulated prices for natural gas, after several decades of a well-marked system. This means that the customers concerned will have to choose a market offer from the supplier of their choice by this deadline: this can be Engie, at market price, or one of its many competitors (EDF, Total Direct Energy, Eni, ekWateur…). In the meantime, the legislative system provides for the dispatch by Engie of five regulatory letters advising of the new deal, as well as information and awareness-raising actions.

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