GUIDE: Listen to transmit

I listen to you, Small guide to transmit the faith between the generations,
by Agnes Charlemagne,
Editions Crer Bayard, 192 p., € 14.90

What transmission of the faith today? Parents, grandparents, educators are often distraught at the impression that the message “does not pass” and facing a wall, formed by their teenagers, hermetic to the dogmas of faith. A transmission crisis, really? And yet, underlines Agnès Charlemagne (1), the “ young people’s spiritual thirst is abysmal ”, As shown by the Taizé rallies or the craze for meditation of generations who have received no religious education.

«How did this mysterious transmission of the faith come about?wonders the Dominican Adrien Candiard, in the preamble to the book.It is impossible for me to say. How did I receive this good news of God’s love in me? Is it by a striking word, a colorful page of the manual, the benevolent smile of a catechist? I do not have the faintest idea. »

It all starts with listening

Catechist, then assistant in school pastoral care in a Catholic establishment in Marseille, the city in which she trained at the Institute of Science and Theology of Religions, Agnès Charlemagne was largely inspired by Montessori pedagogy, from which her three benefited children, to enter into conversation with the youngest on questions of faith. With a conviction: it all starts with listening, and, for that, by knowing how to be silent. From there, she developed a method, with which she trains pastoral workers across France, and which she exposes in this guide intended for adults anxious to share their faith with the youngest. Make the young actor of the dialogue, seek with him, accept to be moved by this meeting, then “advance in deep water”, welcome “the unveiling of the Word” of God … all these tracks are supplemented by exercises so that adults and children become partners in faith.

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The city “clone” UAZ “hunter” from India first got an automatic transmission

Update AT Mahindra Thar has allowed models to become more versatile.

The current generation of the Mahindra Thar, source: Indiatoday

Indian automotive brand Mahindra launches the Thar SUV in 2010, and for all the existence among Russian drivers this model called this a “clone” UAZ “hunter”. Similar to “chopped” the shape of the body, same optics, frame design, no alternative “mechanics” – the reasons for such comparisons is more than enough.

Now, however, one similarity was less, because 10 years from the start of the Assembly, Mahindra Thar finally got the automatic transmission for the first time in their short history. This became known after the vehicle noticed within the passage of a series of road tests of photospin recorded the appearance of a test “mule” on the streets of India.

Photographers portal Bharathautos was able to look into the interior Mahindra Thar at, but pictures of the interior users did not wait – had to settle for just the exterior, clad in thick layers of camouflage. However, the “spies” shared details regarding the city “clone” UAZ “hunter”.

The assurance of Indian journalists of the portal, in the new generation model will get a 6-speed automatic transmission that will offer an SUV with a 2.2-liter diesel engine BS6. As for the “top” of a petrol turbo on a 2 liter, specific information yet – as before, the engine will be equipped with a manual transmission with 6 speeds.

Mahindra Thar 2020 in camouflage, source: Bharathautos

Recall that in the Russian market of Mahindra Thar AT is not sold, while its “clone” in the face of UAZ “hunter” was only offered with a manual transmission and the atmospheric engines.

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the hypothesis of the air-borne transmission

The Covid-19 is transmitted in the air ? The question has been asked since the beginning of the epidemic but seems, over weeks, to be taken more seriously by the health authorities, who insist, for example, on the need to regularly renew the air inside. First seen as a virus transported directly either by the hands or by talking to them issued by patients, some wonder now about the role of micro-droplets, much smaller, also secreted by the holders of the Covid.

From 6 April, the authorities had officially entered the High Council of public health to make a point about the current state of knowledge on the possible transmission of the virus through the air. Which High Council admitted in a notice of possible transmissions routes aerosols, particularly “in a closed environment of care, such as a room of infected patient “but also “in indoor environments, closed, confined, improperly ventilated or inadequately ventilated “. In contrast, experts considered that outside or in the “environments of large volume “the risk seemed “very low, considering the dilution of aerosols vital “.

The virus remains between 3 and 16 hours in the air

Since then, this approach seems to be validated by the work of several teams, in Italy and in China, including Yuan Liu, located in Wuhan, which analysed the air quality in two hospitals in the city where was born the Covid-19. To this end, scientists have searched for traces of the viral RNA of the virus. Their work, published in late April in the journal Natureallow as well to confirm that if virus particles are present in the outside air, e.g. in front of hospitals or in shops the surrounding, the concentration is still very low, or even null.

On the other hand, the rates are much higher in the interior parts, non-ventilated, as the toilet facilities of the two hospitals, the locker room of the nursing or the medical office, and more still in the intensive care unit. These assumptions could, for example, explain why the virus seems to be more virulent in places closed to the outside, and the appearance of contamination outbreaks in closed settings, such as abattoirs or churches.

How long the virus can stay in the air ? Several hours according to some work, such as those conducted by researchers in Pittsburgh and New Orleans. The american researchers claim to have detected traces of the Covid-19 16 hours after be introduced. For others, who have published their work in mid-April in the New England Journal of Medicinethis duration would be close to instead of the three hours.

Many unknowns

The virus could also be grafted on to the pollution. At least that is the assumption made by some researchers, such as Isabella Annesi-Maesano, head of the unit of Epidemiology of allergic diseases and respiratory Inserm. “It seems more and more obvious to draw a link between pollution and Covid. Either because the pollution makes it more vulnerable to the disease, or that it promotes the co-morbidities, either because the tiny particles of virus could be carried by particles of pollution. “

That said, there are still many unknowns, starting with the effect of contaminants such as droplets suspended in the air. “Though we now know clearly that a proportion of the virus remains in the air, it is not known at what point these droplets are infectious. This virus which remains, is he dead or alive ? For the moment, we do not know “sums up Isabella Annesi-Maesano.

“Their role seems to be very lowinsists Pierre Parneix, doctor of public health and hospital hygiene at the university hospital of Bordeaux. It is not excluded that in a confined location, it is the accumulation of these particles from a number of the sick, for example, which may lead to the contamination of a person. But this has nothing to do with what can be observed in other pathologies such as tuberculosis. “

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The nose as a gateway for SARS-CoV-2 – naturopathy & naturopathic specialist portal

Nose cells offer points of attack for corona viruses

The exact transmission pathways of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 are still not fully understood. So far it was unclear what role the nose plays in the transmission. A Cambridge research team has now shown that certain cells in the nasal and intestinal mucosa have the necessary receptor proteins and enzymes for SARS-CoV-2 to penetrate.

Researchers at the Wellcome Sanger Institute in Cambridge, England, showed that cells in the nose and intestinal mucosa contain the receptor protein ACE2 and the enzyme TMPRSS2. Both are the basic prerequisites for the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus to enter the cells. At first it was assumed that the virus mainly affects the epithelial cells of the respiratory tract. The findings were published in the two highly renowned specialist journals “Nature Medicine” and “Cell” presents.

Decoded new entry point for SARS-CoV-2

The origin and development (pathogenesis) of COVID-19 is still only known in the beginning. An English research team has now made a major contribution to understanding the new disease. The team identified two specific types of cells in the nose as probable points of infection for SARS-CoV-2. The researchers showed that calyx and ciliated cells in the nose have a high content of receptors that the virus uses to get into our cells.

COVID-19: The role of the nose was unclear

The new findings help explain the high transmission rate of COVID-19 and at the same time offer new approaches for treatments and strategies for containment. It is known that SARS-CoV-2 can spread via droplet infections and that the virus affects the throat and lungs. So far, what role the nose plays was unclear. The research team was now able to determine the exact cell types that are susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 in the nose.

20 different types of tissue were examined

Using the most modern methods, the researchers analyzed 20 different tissue types from non-infected people. These included, for example, cells from the lungs, nasal cavity, eye, intestine, heart, kidney and liver. The researchers looked for which cells express (express) the two most important entry proteins that SARS-CoV-2 needs to infect the cells.

The nose as the most likely first infection route

“We found that the receptor protein – ACE2 – and the TMPRSS2 protease, which can activate the entry of SARS-CoV-2, are expressed in cells of various organs, including the cells of the nasal membrane,” explains study author Dr. Waradon Sungnak. The investigations revealed that especially the mucus-producing goblet cells and cilia in the nose have a high concentration of the necessary entry proteins. “This makes these cells the most likely primary route of infection for the virus,” emphasizes Sungnak.

Viruses can quickly reach nasal cells

“This is the first time that these special cells in the nose have been associated with COVID-19,” adds Dr. Martijn Nawijn from the research team. The location of these cells on the surface of the inside of the nose makes them very accessible to the virus and could also promote transmission to other people. This is a possible explanation for the rapid spread.

Eye and intestinal cells also vulnerable

The two main entry proteins ACE2 and TMPRSS2 were also found in cells in the cornea of ​​the eye and in the intestinal mucosa. This indicates another possible route of infection via the eye and tear ducts and also reveals the potential for a fecal or oral route of transmission.

The atlas of human cells

The investigations were carried out as part of the global “Human Cell Atlas Consortium”. In this ambitious project, all human cells are to be analyzed in order to better understand diseases and health-related processes. More than 1,600 people in 70 countries are involved in this project. The data should be available to researchers worldwide. The project has already provided important insights into COVID-19.

“While we are creating the atlas of human cells, it is already being used to understand COVID-19 and determine which cells are critical for initial infection and transmission,” emphasizes Dr. Sarah Teichmann, the co-chair of the project. According to Teichmann, the findings also provide a basis for developing potential treatments and strategies for containment.

The atlas offers new approaches

“By pinpointing the characteristics of each cell type, the Human Cell Atlas helps researchers diagnose, monitor and treat diseases including COVID-19 in a whole new way,” added Professor Sir Jeremy Farrar, director of the Wellcome Sanger Institute. Cross-border cooperation and the open exchange of research results are crucial for the rapid development of effective diagnostics and therapies to ensure that no country is left behind. (vb)

Author:

Graduate editor (FH) Volker Blasek

Sources:

  • Waradon Sungnak, Ni Huang, Christophe Bécavin, u.a .: SARS-CoV-2 entry factors are highly expressed in nasal epithelial cells together with innate immune genes; in: Nature Medicine, 2020, nature.com
  • Carly G. K. Ziegler, Samuel J. Allon, Sarah K. Nyquist, et al .: SARS-CoV-2 receptor ACE2 is an interferon-stimulated gene in human airway epithelial cells and is detected in specific cell subsets across tissues; in: Cell 2020, cell.com
  • Wellcome Sanger Institute: Key nose cells identified as likely COVID-19 entry points (published: April 23, 2020), sanger.ac.uk

Important NOTE:
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.

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COVID-19 sexually transmitted? – Naturopathy & naturopathic specialist portal

Is COVID-19 sexual transmission possible?

In the time of the corona crisis, we try to prevent COVID-19 from spreading as effectively as possible. It is important to know the different transmission routes in order to protect yourself and other people from an illness. The question naturally arises whether COVID-19 can also be transmitted sexually. An international study has now concluded that sperm spreading COVID-19 is unlikely.

The University of Utah’s latest investigation found that COVID-19 apparently cannot be transmitted by sperm. The results of the study were published in the English-language journal “Fertility & Sterility” released.

No evidence of COVID-19 in sperm or testicles

In the international investigation of Chinese men who had COVID-19, no evidence was found in the sperm or testicle for the virus causing COVID-19. This makes COVID-19 very unlikely to spread through sperm.

Sexual transmission cannot be completely excluded

However, the study was not comprehensive enough to completely rule out the possibility of sexual transmission of the disease, the researchers report. However, the fact that the virus that causes COVID-19 does not appear in the testes or semen in this small, preliminary study could be an important finding, reports study author Dr. James M. Hotaling from the University of Utah.

If a disease like COVID-19 were sexually transmitted, it would have a significant impact on disease prevention and could have serious consequences for a man’s long-term reproductive health, the expert adds.

Seed samples were analyzed

The researchers took semen samples from 34 Chinese men for an average of one month after they were diagnosed with mild to moderate cases of COVID-19. In the subsequent laboratory tests, SARS-CoV-2 was not detected in any of the samples. But just because the virus was not in the sperm, it cannot be ruled out that it had not penetrated the testicles, where the sperm cells form, the researchers report.

Long-term damage to sperm?

If the virus is present in the testicle but not in the sperm, it cannot be transmitted sexually, explains study author Dr. Jingtao Guo from the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah. But if it’s in the testicles, it can cause long-term damage to semen and sperm production, adds Dr. Guo added.

Expression of a pair of genes examined closely

To clarify this question, the research group analyzed a data set that was generated from a so-called single cell mRNA atlas by healthy young organ donors. With this atlas you can examine the mRNA, the genetic material that is used to produce proteins, in every single testicular cell. In this case, the researchers examined the expression of a gene pair that is associated with SARS-CoV-2.

Which receptors have been examined?

These two genes, angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) act as receptors that allow SARS-CoV2 to enter cells and multiply. For the virus to access cells effectively, both receptors must be present in the same cell.

Probably not in human testicular cells

When the scientists examined the data set, they found that genes coding for these two proteins were only found in four of the 6,500 cells in the testis. This suggests that SARS-CoV-2 is unlikely to penetrate human testicular cells, explains Dr. Guo.

Were there any restrictions on the exam?

Despite these results, the research group acknowledges that their study has several important limitations, including a small sample size and the fact that none of the participants were seriously ill with COVID-19.

Severe illness could lead to different results

A man who has COVID-19 may have a higher viral load, which could increase the likelihood of a viral load in the sperm. We just don’t have an answer to that at the moment. But that no virus detection was possible in patients with mild to moderate forms of the disease is reassuring, explains Dr. Hotaling.

Intimate contact can increase the risk of spreading the disease

However, the study author expressly warns that intimate contact with infected people is associated with the risk of COVID-19 transmission (through breathing, coughing, sneezing, kissing). In addition, some infected people are asymptomatic and can appear healthy, even if they pass the virus on to other people. (as)

Sources:

  • Feng Pan, Xingyuan Xiao, Jingtao Guo, Yarong Song, Honggang Li et al .: No evidence of SARS-CoV-2 in semen of males recovering from COVID-19, in Fertility & Sterility (published April 2020), Fertility & Sterility

Important NOTE:
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.

.

Can COVID-19 also be transmitted sexually? – Naturopathy & naturopathic specialist portal

Is COVID-19 sexual transmission possible?

In the time of the corona crisis, we try to prevent COVID-19 from spreading as effectively as possible. It is important to know the different transmission routes in order to protect yourself and other people from an illness. The question naturally arises whether COVID-19 can also be transmitted sexually. An international study has now concluded that sperm spreading COVID-19 is unlikely.

The University of Utah’s latest investigation found that COVID-19 apparently cannot be transmitted by sperm. The results of the study were published in the English-language journal “Fertility & Sterility” released.

No evidence of COVID-19 in sperm or testicles

In the international investigation of Chinese men who had COVID-19, no evidence was found in the sperm or testicle for the virus causing COVID-19. This makes COVID-19 very unlikely to spread through sperm.

Sexual transmission cannot be completely excluded

However, the study was not comprehensive enough to completely rule out the possibility of sexual transmission of the disease, the researchers report. However, the fact that the virus that causes COVID-19 does not appear in the testes or semen in this small, preliminary study could be an important finding, study author Dr. James M. Hotaling from the University of Utah.

If a disease like COVID-19 were sexually transmitted, it would have a significant impact on disease prevention and could have serious consequences for a man’s long-term reproductive health, the expert adds.

Seed samples were analyzed

The researchers took semen samples from 34 Chinese men for an average of one month after they were diagnosed with mild to moderate cases of COVID-19. In the subsequent laboratory tests, SARS-CoV-2 was not detected in any of the samples. But just because the virus was not in the sperm, it cannot be ruled out that it had not penetrated the testicles, where the sperm cells form, the researchers report.

Long-term damage to sperm?

If the virus is present in the testicle but not in the sperm, it cannot be transmitted sexually, explains study author Dr. Jingtao Guo from the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah. But if it’s in the testicles, it can cause long-term damage to semen and sperm production, adds Dr. Guo added.

Expression of a pair of genes examined closely

To clarify this question, the research group analyzed a data set that was generated from a so-called single cell mRNA atlas by healthy young organ donors. With this atlas you can examine the mRNA, the genetic material that is used to produce proteins, in every single testicular cell. In this case, the researchers examined the expression of a gene pair that is associated with SARS-CoV-2.

Which receptors have been examined?

These two genes, angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) act as receptors that allow SARS-CoV2 to enter cells and multiply. For the virus to access cells effectively, both receptors must be present in the same cell.

Probably not in human testicular cells

When the scientists examined the data set, they found that genes coding for these two proteins were only found in four of the 6,500 cells in the testis. This suggests that SARS-CoV-2 is unlikely to penetrate human testicular cells, explains Dr. Guo.

Were there any restrictions on the exam?

Despite these results, the research group acknowledges that their study has several important limitations, including a small sample size and the fact that none of the participants were seriously ill with COVID-19.

Severe illness could lead to different results

A man who is seriously ill with COVID-19 may have a higher viral load, which could increase the likelihood of a viral load in the sperm. We just don’t have an answer to that at the moment. But that no virus detection was possible in patients with mild to moderate forms of the disease is reassuring, explains Dr. Hotaling.

Intimate contact can increase the risk of spreading the disease

However, the study author expressly warns that intimate contact with infected people is associated with the risk of COVID-19 transmission (through breathing, coughing, sneezing, kissing). In addition, some infected people are asymptomatic and can appear healthy, even if they pass the virus on to other people. (as)

Sources:

  • Feng Pan, Xingyuan Xiao, Jingtao Guo, Yarong Song, Honggang Li et al .: No evidence of SARS-CoV-2 in semen of males recovering from COVID-19, in Fertility & Sterility (published April 2020), Fertility & Sterility

Important NOTE:
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.

.

Can COVID-19 be sexually transmitted? – Naturopathy & naturopathic specialist portal

Is COVID-19 sexual transmission possible?

In the time of the corona crisis, we try to prevent COVID-19 from spreading as effectively as possible. It is important to know the different transmission routes in order to protect yourself and other people from an illness. The question naturally arises whether COVID-19 can also be transmitted sexually. An international study has now concluded that sperm spreading COVID-19 is unlikely.

The University of Utah’s latest investigation found that COVID-19 apparently cannot be transmitted by sperm. The results of the study were published in the English-language journal “Fertility & Sterility” released.

No evidence of COVID-19 in sperm or testicles

In the international investigation of Chinese men who had COVID-19, no evidence was found in the sperm or testicle for the virus causing COVID-19. This makes COVID-19 very unlikely to spread through sperm.

Sexual transmission cannot be completely excluded

However, the study was not comprehensive enough to completely rule out the possibility of sexual transmission of the disease, the researchers report. However, the fact that the virus that causes COVID-19 does not appear in the testes or semen in this small, preliminary study could be an important finding, reports study author Dr. James M. Hotaling from the University of Utah.

If a disease like COVID-19 were sexually transmitted, it would have a significant impact on disease prevention and could have serious consequences for a man’s long-term reproductive health, the expert adds.

Seed samples were analyzed

The researchers took semen samples from 34 Chinese men for an average of one month after they were diagnosed with mild to moderate cases of COVID-19. In the subsequent laboratory tests, SARS-CoV-2 was not detected in any of the samples. But just because the virus was not in the sperm, it cannot be ruled out that it had not penetrated the testicles, where the sperm cells form, the researchers report.

Long-term damage to sperm?

If the virus is present in the testicle but not in the sperm, it cannot be transmitted sexually, explains study author Dr. Jingtao Guo from the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah. But if it’s in the testicles, it can cause long-term damage to semen and sperm production, adds Dr. Guo added.

Expression of a pair of genes examined closely

To clarify this question, the research group analyzed a data set that was generated from a so-called single cell mRNA atlas by healthy young organ donors. With this atlas you can examine the mRNA, the genetic material that is used to produce proteins, in every single testicular cell. In this case, the researchers examined the expression of a gene pair that is associated with SARS-CoV-2.

Which receptors have been examined?

These two genes, angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) act as receptors that allow SARS-CoV2 to enter cells and multiply. For the virus to access cells effectively, both receptors must be present in the same cell.

Probably not in human testicular cells

When the scientists examined the data set, they found that genes coding for these two proteins were only found in four of the 6,500 cells in the testis. This suggests that SARS-CoV-2 is unlikely to penetrate human testicular cells, explains Dr. Guo.

Were there any restrictions on the exam?

Despite these results, the research group acknowledges that their study has several important limitations, including a small sample size and the fact that none of the participants were seriously ill with COVID-19.

Severe illness could lead to different results

A man who is seriously ill with COVID-19 may have a higher viral load, which could increase the likelihood of a viral load in the sperm. We just don’t have an answer to that at the moment. But that no virus detection was possible in patients with mild to moderate forms of the disease is reassuring, explains Dr. Hotaling.

Intimate contact can increase the risk of spreading the disease

However, the study author expressly warns that intimate contact with infected people is associated with the risk of COVID-19 transmission (through breathing, coughing, sneezing, kissing). In addition, some infected people are asymptomatic and can appear healthy, even if they pass the virus on to other people. (as)

Sources:

  • Feng Pan, Xingyuan Xiao, Jingtao Guo, Yarong Song, Honggang Li et al .: No evidence of SARS-CoV-2 in semen of males recovering from COVID-19, in Fertility & Sterility (published April 2020), Fertility & Sterility

Important NOTE:
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.

.

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De Blasio presents “war” budget and demands urgent rescue from the Government – Telemundo New York (47)

NEW YORK – Ensuring health, safety, food and a roof for all are the priorities of the budget presented this Thursday by the city of New York, some accounts of “war” in the face of the coronavirus crisis, which come accompanied by an appeal to the American president Donald Trump to allow a “rescue” of the Big Apple.

With tax revenues slumping as a result of the slowdown in economic activity, the mayor, Bill de Blasio, announced “painful” cuts of more than $ 2 billion to try to balance the budget in the year that begins in June.

According to his calculations, New York is going to lose some 7,400 million dollars in income, a “horrible” number, according to admitted De Blasio, that requires a determined intervention of the federal Government.

The mayor urged Washington to cover this deficit in full and warned that without that money, the basic needs of New Yorkers cannot be guaranteed.

“If they can find 58,000 million to rescue the airlines, surely they can find 7,500 million for the largest city in the country,” stressed the mayor.

Democrat De Blasio appealed directly to Trump, whom he asked for a clear signal of support for his hometown for Senate Republicans to give the green light to necessary aid.

As he insisted, the city is already doing everything possible on its part, with a budget of $ 89.3 billion, $ 6 billion less than the proposal that the City Council had initially made in January, $ 3.4 billion less than last year’s accounts and using the reserves he had accumulated to have “balanced” accounts.

Among other things, the budget foresees that all public activities be drastically limited and, for example, this summer the swimming pools will not be opened.

De Blasio also warned New Yorkers not to hold out too much hope about beach opening, given the risk of contagion from the coronavirus posed by the huge crowds seen in places like Coney Island.

Public resources, he insisted, will be devoted to basic issues: health, safety, food and housing.

“These are four things that people are mostly thinking about and the government has to focus on those four things. Things that would have been a priority two or three months ago cannot be now. Things we would like to focus on in times of peace cannot be the priority in times of war and these are times of war, “said de Blasio.

The Democrat also warned Trump and Republicans that their desire to restart the economy as soon as possible will be ruined if the basic needs of the population are not met or if they precipitate and cause a resurgence of COVID-19. .

Trump, De Blasio insisted, has only one chance to do this well and, if he is wrong, he will regret it for a long time.

In addition, New York Police Commissioner Dermot Shea offered a video conference on Thursday to detail how the coronavirus has affected the city’s police forces to date.

Specifically, the New York police have registered 7,155 positive cases for COVID-19 among its members, about 20% of its staff and 27 officers have died from the virus.

Shea also detailed that it is estimated that between 1,400 and 1,500 of the sick police officers have returned to work.

“You start to see a little light at the end of the tunnel and it seems that the worst is over,” said Shea, who regretted the losses and asked for a moment of silence.

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Trump suspends US contribution to WHO

“The world has received a lot of false information about transmission and mortality” from the Covid-19, launched Mr. Trump in a long and violent indictment against this UN agency.

“Today I order the suspension of funding for the World Health Organization while a study is conducted to examine the role of WHO in the mismanagement and concealment of the spread of coronavirus,” said he added from the White House gardens.

Stressing that the United States contributed “400 to 500 million dollars a year” to the organization, against about 40 million dollars “and even less” for China, Mr. Trump estimated that his country had the duty to claim accounts.

“If WHO had done its job and sent medical experts to China to objectively study the situation on the ground, the epidemic could have been contained at its source with very few deaths,” he said.

For several days, the Trump administration has vehemently criticized the attitude of the Geneva-based UN agency, denouncing in particular its positions which it considers too favorable to Beijing.

Washington deplores in particular that its own measures in the face of the crisis, in particular the gradual closing of its borders, have met with “strong resistance” from the WHO, which “has continued to salute the Chinese leaders for their willingness to share information + ”.

US Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo said Tuesday that the United States wants to “radically change” the way the organization works.

“In the past, WHO has done a good job. Unfortunately, this time she did not do her best, and we have to make sure that we press for a radical change, “he said.

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