The future of Cardinal Barbarin takes shape in Rennes and with the Pope

A cardinal about to become soon « simple » chaplain. In celebrating Sunday, June 28, his moving farewell mass in the diocese of Lyon, of which he had taken the lead eighteen years ago, Mgr Philippe Barbarin did not allude, before the crowd of faithful gathered in the primatial Saint- Jean-Baptiste, on the new page he is about to open in his ministry.

→ REPORTAGE. The goodbye moved from Lyonnais to Philippe Barbarin

But two days earlier, in an exclusive interview with RCF’s regional branch – which also covered the four judicial years related to the Preynat case – the archbishop had mentioned his imminent departure for Brittany and had said he was available for the missions entrusted to him by Pope Francis. Visibly appeased, talkative after three months of retreat and silence, he had then announced that he would leave in July to settle on the site of the mother house of the Congregation of the Little Sisters of the Poor, in Saint-Pern, Ille- et-Vilaine.

“Pastoral dimension”

There, with the nuns in the service of the elderly according to the spirituality of Saint Jeanne Jugan (1792-1879), the founder of their community, he will reside in a house at the bottom of the park, welcoming the seminarians of Brittany in propaedeutics. The Archbishop of Rennes, Bishop Pierre d’Ornellas, asked him to give classes at the seminary of Rennes: “I hope I can do it”, confided on the air, with a burst of laughter, Philippe Barbarin, saying “Always happy to do something new”.

This radical change does not seem to cause him any particular apprehensions or concerns. “My real vocation is to be a priest, he assured again. The most beautiful of the priestly dimension is the pastoral dimension, even if I will not have the responsibility of the pastor in a parish which is the most joyful, the most profound thing in the life of a priest or d ‘a bishop. In Saint-Pern, he will meet Bishop Émile Marcus, 90, Archbishop Emeritus of Toulouse from 1996 to 2006. Chaplain of the mother house of the Little Sisters of the Poor since his retirement in 2007, the latter was superior of the seminary of the Carmelites when the Cardinal Barbarin was training there.

Middle East

The agenda of the emeritus Gaul primate is yet to be fulfilled soon. He will in particular support Bishop d’Ornellas to preside over the confirmations. “I welcome him like a brother. He is a man of God, who is unanimously recognized as a teacher of the Word of God ”, reacted the Archbishop of Rennes in the local press. The ex-archbishop of Lyon is also already asked to preach retreats. He has thus already been invited by Mgr Michel-Marie Calvet, bishop of Nouméa, in New Caledonia, to celebrate the Christmas holidays, where he will then give a retreat to the priests of the diocese.

But it is the Pope who will have priority, since he personally asked the Cardinal to “Stay available”, especially for missions in the Middle East. François indeed knows the investment of Archbishop Barbarin with Christians in the region, even though he returned from three months in Israel and Palestine. The twinning between the Iraqi city of Mosul and the capital of Gaul owes much to the friendship born between the ex-archbishop and Cardinal Louis Raphaël Iis Sako, patriarch of the Chaldean Church. Other projects, like a pilgrimage in November to the Holy Land, are also taking shape.

→ READ. Cardinal Barbarin puts himself at the service of the diocese of Rennes and the Pope

On the airwaves of RCF, the atypical and bubbling cardinal had still insisted on leaving aside the institution and the public scene to urge interiority: “The only thing that interests me is that people read the Word of God: turn off the television and turn on the gospel. If it is a word from God, it must be our compass. The word of God must continue to run! “

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The future of Cardinal Barbarin takes shape in Rennes and with the Pope

A cardinal about to become soon « simple » chaplain. In celebrating Sunday, June 28, his moving farewell mass in the diocese of Lyon, of which he had taken the lead eighteen years ago, Mgr Philippe Barbarin did not allude, before the crowd of faithful gathered in the primatial Saint- Jean-Baptiste, on the new page he is about to open in his ministry.

→ REPORTAGE. The goodbye moved from Lyonnais to Philippe Barbarin

But two days earlier, in an exclusive interview with RCF’s regional branch – which also covered the four judicial years related to the Preynat case – the archbishop had mentioned his imminent departure for Brittany and had said he was available for the missions entrusted to him by Pope Francis. Visibly appeased, talkative after three months of retreat and silence, he had then announced that he would leave in July to settle on the site of the mother house of the Congregation of the Little Sisters of the Poor, in Saint-Pern, Ille- et-Vilaine.

“Pastoral dimension”

There, with the nuns in the service of the elderly according to the spirituality of Saint Jeanne Jugan (1792-1879), the founder of their community, he will reside in a house at the bottom of the park, welcoming the seminarians of Brittany in propaedeutics. The Archbishop of Rennes, Bishop Pierre d’Ornellas, asked him to give classes at the seminary of Rennes: “I hope I can do it”, confided on the air, with a burst of laughter, Philippe Barbarin, saying “Always happy to do something new”.

This radical change does not seem to cause him any particular apprehensions or concerns. “My real vocation is to be a priest, he assured again. The most beautiful of the priestly dimension is the pastoral dimension, even if I will not have the responsibility of the pastor in a parish which is the most joyful, the most profound thing in the life of a priest or d ‘a bishop. In Saint-Pern, he will meet Bishop Émile Marcus, 90, Archbishop Emeritus of Toulouse from 1996 to 2006. Chaplain of the mother house of the Little Sisters of the Poor since his retirement in 2007, the latter was superior of the seminary of the Carmelites when the Cardinal Barbarin was training there.

Middle East

The agenda of the emeritus Gaul primate is yet to be fulfilled soon. He will in particular support Bishop d’Ornellas to preside over the confirmations. “I welcome him like a brother. He is a man of God, who is unanimously recognized as a teacher of the Word of God ”, reacted the Archbishop of Rennes in the local press. The ex-archbishop of Lyon is also already asked to preach retreats. He has thus already been invited by Mgr Michel-Marie Calvet, bishop of Nouméa, in New Caledonia, to celebrate the Christmas holidays, where he will then give a retreat to the priests of the diocese.

But it is the Pope who will have priority, since he personally asked the Cardinal to “Stay available”, especially for missions in the Middle East. François indeed knows the investment of Archbishop Barbarin with Christians in the region, even though he returned from three months in Israel and Palestine. The twinning between the Iraqi city of Mosul and the capital of Gaul owes much to the friendship born between the ex-archbishop and Cardinal Louis Raphaël Iis Sako, patriarch of the Chaldean Church. Other projects, like a pilgrimage in November to the Holy Land, are also taking shape.

→ READ. Cardinal Barbarin puts himself at the service of the diocese of Rennes and the Pope

On the airwaves of RCF, the atypical and bubbling cardinal had still insisted on leaving aside the institution and the public scene to urge interiority: “The only thing that interests me is that people read the Word of God: turn off the television and turn on the gospel. If it is a word from God, it must be our compass. The word of God must continue to run! “

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A woman archbishop of Lyon ?

The nomination of Anne Soupa to the archdiocese of Lyon has sparked many reactions and comments, perhaps less of the interior of the catholic Church and its leaders from other spheres ; it is no longer so common the national media to devote their securities to a fact affecting the catholic Church, except in the case of sex scandals.

Without presuming to express the intentions of Anne Soupa, it is the way in which is perceived the role of the bishop, which makes me wonder. In effect, the nomination and the comments that surround it to revolve almost exclusively around the question, not so much of the exercise of authority, but indeed of power. To become bishop, that one is a man or a woman, it is to receive a ability to decide and to direct.

→ THE FACTS. The theologian Anne Soupa brig the seat of the archbishop of Lyon

I do not deny that this exists, I am well placed to measure ; however, is that the profound nature of the episcopate ? That is why, for the exercise of a power, that the Lord has called and sent his apostles, from the bishops who succeed them ? “You know : the leaders of the nations to the command of masters, and great ones make them feel their power. Among you, he shall not be so : whoever wants to become great among you shall be your servant ; and whosoever will be among you the first will be your slave. Thus, the Son of man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many. “Matthew 20, 25-28.

A look into the Churches of the East, could shed some light. The bishops are chosen, not among the priests, most of them are married, but among the monks. The primary reason is not their celibacy, in any case, if it is, it is because that this choice of life expresses the gift of self to God. The bishops, therefore, are that, men of God, religious, devoted, non-first leaders, organizers, managers. I do not idealizes not the Churches of the East, examples belie this ideal, showing here and there how the links to political power can pollute the freedom, both of the Church and of States.

However, the bishops, and the priests of the Latin Churches, by their celibacy, are this, men of God, used prayer and the proclamation of the Word and as servers of the food of the soul that they should give to all.

However, for reasons that are often historical, the bishops, have gradually occupied in the administration, under the mode of contingency, in view of the weakening of the institutions of the roman Empire, and until that meant the tiara, papal, or prisons of the church. Today, in France, the bishop being responsible for ” everything “, especially that which blocks, must constantly arbitrate and allocate time to tasks that were more a matter of people who have more skills than them in these areas.

It is worth remembering the question posed by one who is about to confer the sacrament of order : “does he Have the required skills ? “. The indeterminacy of these skills can lead to moderate requirements, however, and this is happy, it ensures that they take account of the context of human, social, ecclesial, in which someone is ordained or called to a particular mission. This question of skills is decisive, it must lead any appeal or such application. It needs to be expanded beyond only ordained ministers, both for those who are called and sent, and those who call and send.

→ MAINTENANCE. Place of women in the Church : “It is necessary to reopen the question of the ministries “

Here I use the plural to signify that one of the answers to the questions posed by Anne Soupa lies in the practices of decision-making who refuse the solitary exercise but build looks and words various. The bishop, or ordained minister, takes its place of course, but never alone, always allowing the time and the methods which seek the agreement of the greatest number. In such a process, each person must have a place, ordained ministers, lay faithful, and therefore, men and women, especially the christian communities.

However, this may not only honor the questions asked. Among these, I perceive that that questions the recognition of the state of adult in the faith, that is, regarding the ministries, missions, sex. The exercise of a decision-making role, under the episcopal ministry, with which are associated the priests, may provide to call and to train other ministries for the Church. Men and women receive – receive – ministries of charity, of preaching, of the presidency of the common prayer, not by way of contingency, but of right, not by delegation, but in view of skills, which the community must first be the witness, not in subordination but in a full and complete liability. Such practices, which are not already exist, to lead, but should lead to re-read the apostolic ministry of bishops, with whom I associate the celibate priests, in the light of the Acts of the Apostles and Letters of the Apostles, so that it is expressed first of all in the homelessness, the foundation, the innovation.

These few lines are items paid in the service of a debate, for choices, decisions, that it would be severe not to engage with seriously, as a serious question addressed by Anne Soupa.

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What is the place of women in the Church ?

► What are the responsibilities assume responsibility for the women within the Church ?

Board members of episcopal, chancelières in charge of finance, responsible for the pastoral care of the… notably Under the impetus of pope Francis, the place of women in the governance of the catholic Church is undoubtedly the most enviable as it was two or three decades – and this, to the Vatican. In France, few are part of councils of the seminars (to accompany the training of future priests), but also advice for the appointment of priests (who decide on the allocation of parishes).

The general secretariat of the bishops ‘ Conference of France (CEF), which is open to the laity three years ago, now has three priests and three lay people, including one woman, Christine Naline, who said : “The novelty for me was to bring matters of pastoral care : we may rejoice in it. “ If the lay in responsibility have long been confined to the questions say “temporal” (economic, for example), their participation in the pastoral services is more recent.

In the field, Monique Baujard has been part of the pioneers. Director of the national service family and society of the EFC from 2009 to 2015, it also acknowledges the progress made, but considers them inadequate. “The authority remains committed to the presbyterate. No women’s words in no way commits the institution : it remains a word in private, a witness. ” A lay woman in the church’s mission adds that although she has the confidence of his bishop and that he is listening “in a personal capacity “, this is not the case at the institutional level, since it is not a member of the episcopal council of the diocese.

If some of these councils are now equal, most are composed in great majority of priests. “However, the priests do not have a specified term, in contrast to us, the laity : so, I know that I don siégerai not more than three years on the board “, says Mary-Anne Vitry, of the diocese of Angoulême, also a professor of philosophy. The episcopal council is in any way an instance and a vote, without power of decision.

► Governance is it related to ordination ?

“In the first centuries of christianity, under the roman Empire, explains the theologian Francois Moog, there has been a double movement: on the one hand a re-qualification of women, but on the other, a disqualification of the laity with a bureaucracy cleric who has focused the governance ordained. “ However, says he, the canon law current provides for a series of offices which may be filled by lay people, men as well as women. Thus a woman can occupy positions of responsibility within the Church and may be, for example, chancellor of the diocese, or ecclesiastical judge.

“Governance is embodied by a priest, or a bishop, but is worn by all, through councils “, says Christine Naline. However, as noted by sister Nathalie Becquart, head of the national service for the evangelization of youth and vocations from 2008 to 2018, “the last word “ always returns to the priest or to the bishop.

In addition, there is, according to it, a “distortion “ between the reality of the exercise of responsibilities by women and that the liturgy, “first visibility of the Church “, given to see. “The women have only a secondary role in the liturgy, their weight symbolic is less strong, whether we like it or not “, adds to the jesuit Étienne Grieu, president of the Centre Sèvres. For him, “if the women could comment on the word of God, it would be immediately in a position of authority “.

► The current context, can it make a difference ?

“In fifty years, the place of women in society has been turned upside down, notes sister Becquart. There is a generational thing, the Church is at the heart of the company and this new situation will necessarily raise for it too. It is a question of inculturation. “

But in the beginning, the accession of women to positions of responsibility in the Church she pointed to a choice or a necessity to overcome the shortage of priests ? “If there had been a priest available, competent, and interested, I would have perhaps not been named a delegate to episcopal for the German-speaking part of the canton of Fribourg “, notes with lucidity Marianne Pohl who will occupy this position for the diocese of Lausanne, Geneva and Freiburg from the 1er August. “The increased presence of women in the governance of the Church was more the result of a concrete need that a real theological reflection “, confirms Monique Baujard.

More than the crisis of vocations, it may be the sexual abuse crisis and of power, that has led bishops to act in favour of greater participation of the laity – and thus of women. “The sexual abuse crisis may have the effect of “beneficial” to raise awareness that there is an institutional problem “, explains the former head of service of the CEF.

“With their systemic aspect, adds Nathalie Becquart, the abuse show that the exit from the crisis passes through the path of synodality. “ For it, a number of bishops have understood that it was necessary to involve women, “not because they are better, but because better discernment requires of otherness “.

To call to give more importance to women within the Church, the religious xaviere also puts forward a factual, according to which the young men are now more believers than young women. “If the Church does not move, the women will continue to leave “, prevents Nathalie Becquart.

► What are the prospects for the coming years ?

Number of women in the Church say they wait with impatience for the next Synod of bishops in October 2022. It is already said that women could have the right to vote, this would be a first – this had not been the case for the Synod for the Amazon, in spite of the claims come from participating. But if the next Synod of bishops is the subject of attention on the part of women, it is mostly because of its theme, “For a Church the synod of bishops : communion, participation and mission,” the synodality is a subject dear to pope Francis.

“At the local level, and particularly in my own diocese, the synodality, this still remains an idea “, deplores Marie-Anne Vitry, in Angoulême, to which Germany is a model in the field. For her, “what is still lacking for women in the Church, it is to be seen as collaborators in full, with a real mutual esteem “. However, it requires a “conversion “, to which we must work at daily. “I will fight for that every day !, she says. It is sometimes difficult, when one is in face of men, inhabited by stereotypes of gender, in which a woman can only be a housewife or a nun. “

Another solution would be to entrust women’s ministries established. For the moment, these are two in number – the readership and acolytat – but are reserved for men. This track is also being considered at the highest levels of the Church : “We ask that the ministry established “the woman leader of community” is created and recognized “, requested by the synod fathers in the final document of the Synod for the Amazon.

“The needs are not those of two millennia ago : what ministries the Church has, does she need for tomorrow ? Priests and bishops, no doubt, but not only “, believes Monique Baujard. For her, it would be a mistake to think that the priestly ordination of women : “The risk would be to drag in a “mold” male, and that they were then also clerical than the men ! “ Another track could be to appoint, at the side of the bishop, a vicar general who is a layman, and so, sometimes a woman.

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The Vatican, France called to ” give, and dare to hope “

The secretary of the pontifical Council for integral human development, Archbishop Bruno-Marie Duffé, chaired, Wednesday, June 10, the traditional mass for France in the basilica of Saint Peter.

Due to the sanitary measures imposed by the pandemic Covid-19, this mass did not take place in the chapel of Sainte-Pétronille, too small to accommodate the hundred or so followers and twenty priests present, but to the altar of the Chair of Peter, at the bottom of the vatican basilica, where it had been brought to the reliquary of the holy regarded as the adopted daughter of st. Peter.

The VIIIe century, the popes had placed the kingdom of the Franks under the protection of st. Petronilla, giving them a chapel built next to the basilica of Saint-Pierre and won the France claim the title of ” eldest daughter of the Church “.

“We have nothing else to offer but our hope “

In the NINETEENTHe century, Leo XIII entrusted to France the care and maintenance of a votive lamp in the chapel, an event recalled in his homily by Archbishop Duffé, which called the country to “don’t let extinguish the flame of hope which the world so badly needs “.

The prelate of lyon has, in fact, insisted on the meaning of martyrdom and witness in a world where christians are “called to live a tension between a community solidarity, social, “worldly” and a communion of faith with the one who initiates the Kingdom.”

“What we learn from the witnesses and the martyrs, st. Petronilla, Peter, all those who have written the history of our country until the anonymous witnesses of these last time, is that we become one holy communion in Christ, a community “, a-t-he explained.

“In the Face of the development model that we feel, experiencing our world and life itself, we have nothing else to offer but our hope “, he stressed, calling on French catholics to “give, and dare to hope.”

“To share not only what we have, but what we are “

“We must dare to speak of anything that is beyond our convictions, dare to offer our lives because we can’t live without to share not only what we have, but what we are,” insisted Bishop Duffé.

→ TO READ. Déconfinement : In Italy, the masses with the faithful will resume on may 18

Despite the limitation of the rallies is still in force to Rome and the Vatican, a lot of French people of Rome, lay and priests, were present at this mass, and many of the members of the diplomatic corps who had held to mark their friendship with France, represented by its ambassador to the Holy see, Elisabeth Beton-Delègue.

On the side of the Vatican, cardinal Domenico Mamberti, prefect of the supreme Tribunal of the apostolic signatura has, also, attended the mass.

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New venerables, a father and his daughter on the road to holiness

Receiving Tuesday May 5 Cardinal Angelo Becciu, Prefect for the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, Pope Francis authorized him to issue decrees recognizing the heroic virtues of five new venerables.

Among them are Francisco and Conchita Barrecheguren, a father and his daughter who thus go together towards holiness.

Born in 1905 in Granada, little Concepción Barrecheguren developed a living faith when she was very young, but in 1926, returning from a pilgrimage to Lisieux, she discovered that she was sick with tuberculosis.

She died the following year, with a reputation for holiness throughout Granada and, great devotion was organized around her grave at the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Perpetual Help in the Andalusian city.

Became a widower in 1937, his father Francisco (1881-1957), very marked by his daughter’s spiritual journey, joined the Redemptorists in 1948 at the age of 60. From 1949 until his death in 1957, he devoted himself to the sanctuary of Perpetual Help in Granada, also working a lot in the process of canonization of his daughter.

The Congregation for the Causes of Saints also recognized the heroic virtues of Matteo Farina (1990-2009), a young Italian from Brindisi (Apulia), known from childhood for his radiant faith and who died at 19 years of age from a brain tumor.

Two Italian priests

The other two new venerables whose heroic virtues have been recognized are the father Francesco Caruso (1879-1951), priest of the Italian diocese of Catanzaro-Squillace known for his activity as a confessor, and the father Carmine De Palma (1876-1961), priest of the Italian diocese of Bari-Bitonto.

The heroic virtues are only the first step towards beatification, which will only be possible after the recognition of a miracle obtained by the intercession of the new venerables.

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The Holy See draws attention to the internally displaced

The Vatican presented, Tuesday, May 5, pastoral guidelines for the internally displaced, those more than 50 million people who had to flee their homes due to conflict or natural disaster without benefiting from the international protection of refugees who crossed an international border.

These guidelines aim to ensure that displaced persons are recognized and supported, promoted and, possibly, reintegrated, in order to play an active and constructive role in their country even if powerful causes have forced them to flee their homes and find refuge elsewhere. “Said Cardinal Michael Czerny, under secretary in charge of the section for migrants and refugees of the Department for Integral Human Development.

“Fruit of proven experiences in the field”

Although they are addressed to all, these orientations strongly insist on the role of the Christian communities, in particular with regard to the reception of the displaced.

We focused on the needs of the displaced, how the Church responds to it and how it could better respond to it “, Insists the Canadian cardinal that this work is” the fruit of good practices, proven experiences in the field

→ IN LOIRE. Vatican promotes care for internally displaced people: “welcome, protect, promote and integrate”

The 54 pages of the document, which widely quotes the magisterium of the Catholic Church, start from the four verbs ” welcome, protect, promote, integrate “On which Pope Francis articulated the action of the Church in favor of migrants in general.

“The great problem of the displaced is their invisibility”

For Father Fabio Baggio, the other under-secretary of the section for migrants and refugees, it is about promoting “ socio-economic inclusion which necessarily goes through recognition and personal identity ” but also ” the emergence of durable solutions which take into account the integration of the displaced in the host communities and, as much as possible, their return home

Even if the Holy See recalls that it is not in any case about ” take the place of national responsibilities “, The document also points to the absence of an international instrument of protection for these displaced persons who, in law, remain under the responsibility of their country of origin whose borders they have not left.

The great problem of the displaced is their invisibility “Warns Amaya Valcarcel, international advocacy coordinator at the Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS), who also points to the difficulties of access to displaced people” which can sometimes be restricted due to conflicts or lack of recognition of their rights and necessity

“Respond to the needs that God indicates to us everywhere”

She gives the example of the Burmese state of Kachin (north) where certain camps are beyond the reach of NGOs and the United Nations.

With the current pandemic, people do not have access to information to protect themselves from the virus, she explains. The displaced know how to wash their hands but do not have access to clean water, including to drink.

For Cardinal Czerny, the publication of these guidelines in the midst of the coronavirus crisis is, moreover, a sign of the attention of the Holy See for pre-existing crises has not weakened.

The Covid-19 crisis has shown that migrants “are particularly necessary”

Our duty is to respond to the needs that God indicates to us everywhere, pandemic or not, he insists. It is a beautiful sign that the Church is doing new things to respond to new emergencies, while continuing its work for old forms of need: it is, in my opinion, a very Catholic attitude.

During a pandemic, the virus does not distinguish between those who are important and those who are invisible, those who have a roof and those who are displaced., he adds. Everyone is vulnerable.

By the way, this Jesuit close to Pope Francis, whom he cares about for migrants, recognized that this Covid-19 crisis had demonstrated the inanity of ” Hollow and superficial attacks of a xenophobic nature “Against the migrants, stressing how much they, particularly in health and agriculture, have shown that” far from being intruders, they are particularly necessary and welcome, and have a role to play

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Cardinals Stella and Tagle promoted cardinal-bishops

The Holy See announced on Friday, May 1, that Pope Francis had promoted in the order of cardinal bishops the Italian Beniamino Stella, 78, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, and Luis Antonio Tagle, 62, new prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

With this promotion, these two Cardinals of the Curia, considered very close to Pope Francis (Cardinal Stella had been one of the first appointments of Pope Francis to the Curia, and Cardinal Tagle has just been entrusted with the important Congregation for the evangelization of peoples), therefore now enjoy a place, admittedly symbolic, but preeminent within the college of cardinals.

Eleven cardinals-bishops

While all cardinals are normally to be consecrated bishops – exceptions are granted to some of them appointed after the age of 80 and who will never be able to attend a conclave – the members of the Holy College are, however, divided into three “orders” which symbolically attached to the diocese of Rome: the cardinal-deacons (who receive the title of a Roman diakonia), the cardinal-priests (who receive the title of a Roman parish) and the cardinal-bishops.

The latter symbolically receive the title of one of the seven so-called “suburban” dioceses on the outskirts of Rome, and among them is the dean in charge of presiding over a possible conclave (or, if the latter is over 80 years old). , the vice-dean or oldest of the cardinal-bishops).

In 2018, in the absence of cardinal-bishops under the age of 80, the pope had already promoted four important cardinals of the Curia as cardinal-bishops, equating suburban dioceses with their presbyteral or diaconal titles.

223 cardinals, including 122 voters

Similarly this time, if Italian Cardinal Beniamino Stella succeeds French Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, who died last September as Cardinal-Bishop of Porto and Santa-Rufina, Philippine Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle sees his title of San Felice from Cantalice to Centocelle became episcopal.

The Sacred College, which now has 223 cardinals (including 122 voters in the event of a conclave), now has eleven cardinal-bishops.

Bishop Ilson of Jesus Montanari, new vice-chamberlain

On Friday, May 1, Pope Francis appointed the current secretary of the Congregation for Bishops – and also secretary of the Sacred College – Bishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari, a 60-year-old Brazilian, as the new vice-president. camerling of the Holy Roman Church.

He succeeds Bishop Giampiero Gloder, a former president of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, who was appointed apostolic nuncio to Cuba last October.

Bishop Montanari will assist the current chamberlain, Cardinal Kevin Farell, at the head of the Apostolic Chamber, which is primarily responsible, at the time of the vacancy of the pontifical seat, for protecting and administering the property of the Holy See.

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the Vatican closes the investigation into the Teutonic Cemetery

The Vatican City State courts have decided to close the Teutonic Cemetery section of the Emanuela Orlandi case, named after this 15-year-old Italian girl, daughter of a Vatican employee from whom she benefited. citizenship, mysteriously disappeared in 1983 when she left a music lesson, announced the Holy See Thursday, April 30.

The case was revived in the summer of 2018 when the Orlandi family received an anonymous letter claiming that the teenager’s body was hidden in a tomb in the Teutonic cemetery. “Look for the place the angel points to”, said the letter.

Within the framework of an investigation opened by the Vatican justice, excavations had been carried out on two tombs of this cemetery, usually calm German enclave between the Saint-Pierre basilica and the Room Paul-VI, towards which the statue of an angel points the finger.

Very old bones

The two tombs were empty but the investigation had pointed out the presence of two adjacent ossuaries created during works in the cemetery in the years 1960-1970. These had been sealed for future studies.

According to a press release from the press room of the Holy See, these studies, carried out by an Italian specialist in forensic medicine in the presence of representatives of the Orlandi family, made it possible to identify only the bones prior to the death of the young Emanuela, most recent dates back to “At least a hundred years”.

These developments prompted the promoter of justice of the Vatican City State (equivalent of the prosecutor) to ask for the case to be closed, which the single judge (equivalent of the investigating judge) accepted.

Multiple theories over the years

In the spirit of ” collaboration “, the Press Room said, the Vatican – sometimes accused of having concealed the body of the missing – agreed to leave “The Orlandi family is responsible for conducting, in private, any additional investigation into certain fragments already found and preserved, in sealed containers, at the Gendarmerie”.

From the failed attack on John Paul II to sexual scandals in the Vatican, all theories have been put forward to explain the disappearance of Emanuela Orlandi. Some have argued the idea of ​​a link with the accounts of the Institute for Works of Religion (IOR), the Vatican bank, and its dangerous relations with the Roman mafia.

According to them, the teenager was kidnapped by the mafia to put pressure on the Vatican which, according to different theories in vogue, would have succeeded in exfiltrating the girl and hiding her abroad, or would have refused to pay a ransom and concealed his body.

A classification requested in 2015

In 2005, a person even announced on Italian television that the girl was in the tomb of Enrico De Pedis, a leader of the dreaded band of Magliana in the 1980s. The tomb of the latter, in the Basilica of Saint -Apollinaire, was excavated in 2012, without result.

In the absence of convincing evidence, the Rome public prosecutor’s office, then headed by the anti-mafia magistrate Giuseppe Pignatone – now president of the Vatican Court of First Instance – had asked in 2015 to close the case.

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Rome launches investigation into application of motu proprio “Summorum pontificum”

The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) launched in early March a survey of all episcopal conferences to assess the application of the motu Summorum pontificum published in 2007 by Benedict XVI and allowing, in the Latin Church, the use of the liturgy according to the Missal in force before the Council.

The survey includes questions about “The positive or negative aspects of using the extraordinary form” of the Roman rite, its “Influence on the life of the seminars” or about whether she responds ” to a real pastoral need ” Where is ” promoted by a single priest

The CDF, which recently added new prefaces to the extraordinary form and allowed the celebration of the canonized saints after the council, also asks if “The ordinary form has adopted elements of the extraordinary form”.

“Slow and continuous progress”

“The idea is to see where we really are, to make the most complete inventory possible”, do we explain to the CDF, which absorbed in early 2019 the old Commission Ecclesia dei. “But there is absolutely no question either of removing the motu proprio or of going back on the liturgical reform”, we specify.

We realize that if Summorum pontificum did not cause a tidal wave, there is nevertheless a slow and continuous progression which means that the motu proprio corresponds to a need “Adds the CDF where it is estimated that around 500 bishops around the world have already celebrated in extraordinary form.

It’s this evolution ” peaceful but constant “Which the CDF would like to assess today, thirteen years after the publication of Summorum pontificum but also nine years after an initial investigation that Benedict XVI himself had requested in his letter to the bishops accompanying the motu proprio.

“The motu proprio bears fruit”

In France, where the bishops have not yet received the questionnaire from the CDF, “Things are going pretty well”, confirms Mgr Dominique Lebrun, Archbishop of Rouen (Seine-Maritime), who recognizes that “The motu proprio has made it possible for the faithful to pray in a different way, while realizing that it is not ultimately so different”.

“There are devotees of the extraordinary form who experience the ordinary form and vice versa and this is very good for communion”, recognizes the archbishop, specialist in liturgical matters, who, while recognizing that “The extraordinary form has accents that the other does not have”, thinks “Convinced that the ordinary form corresponds to the mission of the Church in the contemporary world”.

For him, Summorum pontificum therefore corresponds to a pastoral need. “The motu proprio bears fruit”, he says, while recognizing some “Disadvantages”.

The risk of “ideologizing” a liturgical form

“In particular the fact that certain faithful voluntarily deprive themselves of the enormous riches of the ordinary form, such as the number of readings or everything related to the Christian initiation of adults, he develops. This voluntary deprivation questions me. “

Archbishop Lebrun is also concerned about the cases where Summorum pontificum East “Misapplied”. “For example when some decide not to celebrate in the ordinary form, what Benedict XVI asked to avoid”, he explains, warning of the risk of“Ideologize” a liturgical form.

The bishops have until the end of July to respond to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, even if it knows that, “Due to health circumstances” and the slowing down of diocese life that they bring about, answers may come later.

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