Named a new cause of high mortality from coronavirus

MOSCOW, May 3 – RIA Novosti. High mortality from coronavirus in some countries is associated with a lack of vitamin D in the body. This conclusion was made by scientists from the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Foundation and the University of East Anglia, whose study was published in Research Square.

Experts compared average vitamin D levels in citizens of 20 European countries with mortality statistics from COVID-19.

It turned out that these indicators are interrelated, and in countries where citizens have a shortage of substances, there were more deaths.

In addition, vitamin D deficiency is most often observed in older people, who most often die from coronavirus infection.

At the moment, scientists are working on recommendations for the prevention of the disease with the help of biologically active substances.

The pandemic of a new coronavirus infection has spread to almost all countries of the world. According to WHO, more than three million people have been infected with the coronavirus in the world, 230 thousand of whom have died.

The United States remains in first place in terms of the number of victims and patients, and there is a major disaster regime in place. The list of countries most susceptible to coronavirus also includes Spain, Italy, France, Germany and the United Kingdom.

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Named Quarantine-rich, Vitamin Essential, Inexpensive Product

Replenishment of vitamin D deficiency during the period of self-isolation can be helped by eating cod liver, fish, butter and eggs. This was told by the head of the laboratory of vitamins and minerals Federal State Budgetary Institution “Fitz Food and Biotechnology” Natalia Zhilinskaya.

If we talk about cod liver, then it is enough only 25 grams per day to make up for the daily allowance that a person usually gets during a walk on a sunny day.

“You can include a little cod liver in one dish or meal, add butter to boiled vegetables or meat, prepare a piece of fish for dinner,” Zhilinskaya explained in an interview with aif.ru.

To fill the deficit, she also recommended paying attention to vitamin and mineral complexes, since it is difficult to get all the nutrients from food, observing the recommended calorie quarantine rate of up to 1,500 kcal for women and up to 1,800 kcal for men.

In addition, Zhilinskaya noted, the symptoms of fatigue, apathy and drowsiness on the “remote” are not always associated with a lack of vitamins or minerals. They can be a consequence of the stress that most adults experience under the new conditions.

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Do supplements protect against viruses? – Naturopathy & naturopathic specialist portal

How supplements protect against COVID-19

Eating a healthy diet and taking certain supplements could be a safe and inexpensive way to help our immune system fight COVID-19 and other acute respiratory diseases. A recent study has examined the effect of various vitamins and micronutrients in protecting against viruses.

A study at Oregon State University found that supplements containing vitamins C and D and other micronutrients appear to be useful in helping the human body fight COVID-19 and other acute respiratory diseases. The results of the study were published in the English-language journal “Nutrients” released.

This is how we support our immune system in the fight against COVID-19

When people take vitamin C and D and other micronutrient supplements, it can help the immune system fight COVID-19 and other acute respiratory diseases. Therefore, in addition to the hygiene requirements and vaccination recommendations, clear nutritional recommendations should also be made in the healthcare system to counter the spread of infections, the researchers emphasize.

Healthy nutrition supports the immune system

Across the world, more than 2.5 million people die from acute respiratory infections each year. “There is now a wealth of data showing the role that healthy eating plays in supporting the immune system. As a society, we have to convey this message (…) better, ”says study author Professor Adrian Gombart from the Oregon State University College of Science in one Press release to the study results.

Which vitamins are particularly important?

Certain fatty acids, Vitamins and minerals play a key role in supporting the immune system. In particular, vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc and an omega-3 fatty acid found in fish, the so-called docosahexaenoic acid, also known as DHA, are of crucial importance for the immune function.

What do vitamins D and C do?

“The role that vitamins C and D play in immunity is particularly well known,” Professor Gombart continues. Vitamin C is involved in several aspects of immunity, including the growth and function of immune cells and antibody production. Vitamin D receptors on immune cells also influence their function. This means that vitamin D has a profound effect on your response to infections.

People often do not consume enough of the nutrients

“The problem is that people just don’t get enough of these nutrients. This could destroy their resistance to infection. As a result, we will see an increase in disease and all of the additional burdens associated with these diseases, ”added the study author.

Dosages need to be increased

That is why the researchers not only recommend a daily multivitamin, but also doses of 200 milligrams or more of vitamin C. This value is higher than in the diet guidelines, but is still rated as safe. The researchers also recommend taking 2,000 international vitamin D units.

Influenza kills hundreds of thousands of people every year

Taking supplements could make a big difference when it comes to protecting themselves from diseases, the researchers report. For example, millions of people are hospitalized every year due to influenza alone and several hundred thousand die worldwide.

Standard procedures to curb the spread of respiratory viruses

“To curb the spread and impact of respiratory viruses, a number of standard public health practices have been developed: washing your hands regularly, avoiding contact with people with symptoms of infection, and covering your nose and mouth to cough“Explains Professor Grombart. There are annual vaccination campaigns for certain viruses such as flu.

We need complementary strategies

Professor Gombart emphasizes that current public health practices such as contact restrictions, hygiene and vaccination are important and effective, but complementary strategies are needed. A nutritional focus on the immune system could help minimize the effects of many types of infections.

Are we just not doing enough?

“The current situation with COVID-19 and the number of people who die from other respiratory infections make it clear that we are not doing enough. We strongly encourage health authorities to include nutritional strategies in their arsenal, ”added the professor. (as)

Sources:

  • Philip C. Calder, Anitra C. Carr, Adrian F. Gombart, Manfred Eggersdorfer: Optimal Nutritional Status for a Well-Functioning Immune System Is an Important Factor to Protect against Viral Infections, in Nutrients (Published Apr 23, 2020), Nutrients
  • Dietary supplements an important weapon for fighting off COVID-19, other respiratory conditions, Oregon State University (Published Apr 23, 2020), Oregon State University

Important NOTE:
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.

.

Can food supplements protect us from viruses? – Naturopathy & naturopathic specialist portal

How supplements protect against COVID-19

Eating a healthy diet and taking certain supplements could be a safe and inexpensive way to help our immune system fight COVID-19 and other acute respiratory diseases. A recent study has examined the effect of various vitamins and micronutrients in protecting against viruses.

A study at Oregon State University found that supplements containing vitamins C and D and other micronutrients appear to be useful in helping the human body fight COVID-19 and other acute respiratory diseases. The results of the study were published in the English-language journal “Nutrients” released.

This is how we support our immune system in the fight against COVID-19

When people take vitamin C and D and other micronutrient supplements, it can help the immune system fight COVID-19 and other acute respiratory diseases. Therefore, in addition to the hygiene requirements and vaccination recommendations, clear nutritional recommendations should also be made in the healthcare system to counter the spread of infections, the researchers emphasize.

Healthy nutrition supports the immune system

Across the world, more than 2.5 million people die from acute respiratory infections each year. “There is now a wealth of data showing the role that healthy eating plays in supporting the immune system. As a society, we have to convey this message (…) better, ”says study author Professor Adrian Gombart from the Oregon State University College of Science in one Press release to the study results.

Which vitamins are particularly important?

Certain fatty acids, Vitamins and minerals play a key role in supporting the immune system. In particular, vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc and an omega-3 fatty acid found in fish, the so-called docosahexaenoic acid, also known as DHA, are of crucial importance for the immune function.

What do vitamins D and C do?

“The role that vitamins C and D play in immunity is particularly well known,” Professor Gombart continues. Vitamin C is involved in several aspects of immunity, including the growth and function of immune cells and antibody production. Vitamin D receptors on immune cells also influence their function. This means that vitamin D has a profound effect on your response to infections.

People often don’t get enough of the nutrients

“The problem is that people just don’t get enough of these nutrients. This could destroy their resistance to infection. As a result, we will see an increase in disease and all of the additional burdens associated with these diseases, ”added the study author.

Dosages need to be increased

That is why the researchers not only recommend a daily multivitamin, but also doses of 200 milligrams or more of vitamin C. This value is higher than in the diet guidelines, but is still rated as safe. The researchers also recommend taking 2,000 international vitamin D units.

Influenza kills hundreds of thousands of people every year

Taking supplements could make a big difference when it comes to protecting themselves from diseases, the researchers report. For example, millions of people are hospitalized every year due to influenza alone and several hundred thousand die worldwide.

Standard procedures to curb the spread of respiratory viruses

“To curb the spread and impact of respiratory viruses, a number of standard public health practices have been developed: washing your hands regularly, avoiding contact with people with symptoms of infection, and covering your nose and mouth to cough“Explains Professor Grombart. There are annual vaccination campaigns for certain viruses such as flu.

We need complementary strategies

Professor Gombart emphasizes that current public health practices such as contact restrictions, hygiene and vaccination are important and effective, but complementary strategies are needed. A nutritional focus on the immune system could help minimize the effects of many types of infections.

Are we just not doing enough?

“The current situation with COVID-19 and the number of people who die from other respiratory infections make it clear that we are not doing enough. We strongly encourage health authorities to include nutritional strategies in their arsenal, ”added the professor. (as)

Sources:

  • Philip C. Calder, Anitra C. Carr, Adrian F. Gombart, Manfred Eggersdorfer: Optimal Nutritional Status for a Well-Functioning Immune System Is an Important Factor to Protect against Viral Infections, in Nutrients (Published Apr 23, 2020), Nutrients
  • Dietary supplements an important weapon for fighting off COVID-19, other respiratory conditions, Oregon State University (Published Apr 23, 2020), Oregon State University

Important NOTE:
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.

.

How to strengthen your immune system – naturopathy & naturopathic specialist portal

Strengthening the body’s defenses: arm yourself against the coronavirus with an intact immune system

Regular hand washing, keeping your distance from other people and wearing mouth and nose protection when shopping and on public transport: You can hardly do more against the corona virus, right? But: you can Strengthen the immune system. Because experts assume that a weakened immune system increases the risk of a severe course of the disease.

The lung disease COVID-19, which is caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, can be life-threatening, especially for the elderly. But it’s not just them who have an increased risk of developing a serious illness. People with weak defenses are also at risk. Therefore, it is important that To strengthen the immune system.

Much advice has not been taken

It is important now to strengthen the immune system – not only to protect yourself from a cold or the flu, but also to be as well prepared as possible for a possible corona infection.

Various recommendations are currently circulating on various blogs and online advertising sites. However, most of the advice is not documented and mostly costs money.

The Consumer Service Bavaria has therefore in a current Message summarized important facts.

Vitamins important for the immune system

As the experts explain, we generally take in enough vitamins A, D, C, folate, vitamins B6 and B12, as well as the trace elements zinc, iron, copper and selenium, with a varied diet.

This also applies to the vitamin C, which in relation against COVID-19 often miraculous powers are attributed. However, there are no current studies on this.

So far, scientists have not been able to determine any effects on colds caused by additional vitamin C intake.

Do you really need nutritional supplements?

Although it is allowed to advertise foods or food supplements (NEM) with a certain amount of vitamins A, D, C, folate, vitamins B6 and B12 with statements on an immune-boosting effect, caution with supplementation is still necessary.

For example, for the vitamin D supply, the skin’s own synthesis when staying outdoors as well as the intake through food is normally sufficient. Only in the case of a proven deficiency is it advisable to consume it after consulting the doctor.

It also applies to minerals that additional intake is advisable only if there is a deficiency. According to the Consumer Service, too much can disrupt the fine-tuned metabolic processes. And so it is possible that an increased supply of iron supplements even weakens the immune defense.

Superfoods: No single food can replace a balanced diet

At the moment, statements about various foods are distributed in some media and social networks, which are supposed to help against or with a corona infection due to their ingredients. However, these effects have not been proven.

So-called Superfoods contribute to our health as part of a balanced diet.

But in general, no single food alone can replace a balanced diet.

Domestic foods with valuable immune-boosting ingredients include, among others Currants, Beetroot, Kale, Walnuts, onions, oats or Wild herbs.

Tips for an immune-boosting diet

As the Consumer Service writes, we strengthen our immune system and the intestinal barrier directly through a balanced intestinal-friendly diet. This prevents the penetration of germs and pollutants into the body and promotes the presence of protective intestinal bacteria. The experts have summarized a few tips:

  • One to two servings of acidified milk products daily, such as 150 ml of natural yoghurt, buttermilk or raw sauerkraut. Finally, do not heat the fermented products anymore, otherwise the helpful lactic acid bacteria will be killed.
  • Dietary fiber serves, among other things, as feed for the protective intestinal bacteria. Fruit and vegetables of all kinds are recommended for every meal. This corresponds to two servings of fruit and three servings of vegetables. Cabbage vegetables, yellow beets, salsify or chicory are particularly high in fiber. For example, a plate of pureed vegetable soup with a slice of wholemeal bread contains around 15 grams of fiber. This corresponds to half of the minimum recommendation of 30 grams per day.
  • Whole grain cereal rich in fiber every day in bread and pasta or dishes with barley barley, oatmeal, bulgur or couscous.
  • Once a week legumes such as beans, peas, lentils or chickpeas.
  • Flax seeds, nuts and dried fruits also increase the fiber in the diet.
  • Resistant starch, which is produced when starchy foods are heated and then cooled down, is also an important nutrient for intestinal bacteria. It is contained in potato salad, bread crusts or legume salad.
  • A liquid amount of at least 1.5 liters is essential to swell the fiber. It also keeps the mucous membranes moist, which helps the immune system fight off pathogens. Suitable drinks: (mineral) water, unsweetened herbal or fruit teas or highly diluted juice spritzer (1: 4). Carbonated drinks are tolerated differently. Highly sugary drinks such as soft drinks or pure juices are unfavorable.
  • Polyphenols are phytochemicals that promote the growth of protective intestinal bacteria. They are found in many types of fruit and vegetables. Abundant in nuts, wild herbs, berries, olive oil, cocoa, coffee and black tea.
  • Other secondary plant substances such as glucosinolates (mustard oils) in cabbage, cress, horseradish and mustard or sulfides in garlic and onion plants have an antibacterial and immune-strengthening effect.
  • An immune-boosting effect does not work like an antibiotic dose. Only if you permanently consume a mixture of the foods recommended here does the immune system have a chance to protect the body.

As the Consumer Service Bavaria concludes, in addition to a balanced diet with fresh food, a structured daily routine with enough sleep and at least 30 minutes of exercise in the fresh air is important to replenish our vitamin D stores, to remain physically fit and also (psychologically) Reduce stress.

According to experts, alcohol consumption should be avoided and smoking should be avoided altogether. (ad)

Important NOTE:
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.

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Lack of this vitamin may complicate coronavirus

Irish scientists have found that vitamin D
can protect the body from coronavirus. Deficiency of this vitamin weakens
human immunity and makes him more susceptible to infection with COVID-19. If the sun
not enough, vitamin D can be found in foods.


Vitamin D plays an important role in the fight against
respiratory functions. In addition, the saturation of the body with vitamin allows
use less antibiotics. It should be noted that vitamin D
generally strengthens the immune system.

Irish scientists have shown that people with a deficiency of this
Vitamin A was observed susceptibility to infection with coronavirus. If in your
the terrain is not enough sun, this vitamin can be obtained in foods. Specialists
advised to eat eggs, liver, fatty fish, milk and cereals.

In addition to vitamin D deficiency, at risk
there are people suffering from asthma, obesity, chronic lung disease. Inactive
lifestyle can also help coronavirus take over the body.

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These are the vitamins and minerals that strengthen your immune system

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Related news

Keep a feeding varied and a regular meal schedule are the main recommendations of the Nutrition Committee of the Spanish Foundation of the Digestive System (FEAD) during confinement by coronavirus, to help take care of the nutritional state and to significantly strengthen the immune system.

For this, they recommend following a diet with foods rich in Vitamin A (organ meats, carrots or spinach), vitamin D (egg and fatty fish like anchovies or herrings), Vitamin E (olive oil and nuts), vitamin C (oranges and strawberries), B vitamins, particularly B2, B3 and B6 (viscera, nuts and fatty fish), minerals like zinc and selenium (red meats, poultry, eggs and nuts)

They also advise drinking plenty of water, drinking dairy 2 or 3 times a day, eating plenty of fruits and vegetables of all colors, eating whole grains, choosing fish and legumes, or limiting red meat and cheese and avoiding processed meats is important to maintain the good nutritional status.

Do not change the usual meal times, plan the weekly diet and organize the purchase considering breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacks or healthy snacks like fresh fruits, nuts or yogurt, are other keys to achieving good nutritional status and maintaining a healthy weight.

In the situation in which we live, hygiene is very important, also during food handling and preparation, so it is essential to wash your hands, cook meat and fish sufficiently and avoid possible cross-contamination between cooked and raw food. Avoid snacking between meals and do not stop doing exercise To stay active is essential.

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This is how you should cook vegetables to enhance their antioxidants and minimize the loss of vitamins

Updated:

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Related news

Eating more vegetables saves lives. The WHO recommends consuming more than 400 grams of fruits and vegetables a day (and no, potatoes and other starchy tubers do not count) to improve overall health and reduce the risk of certain diseases non-communicable such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes or obesity. An estimated 3.9 million deaths in 2017 were due to improper consumption of these foods.

Fruits and vegetables are a rich source of vitamines and minerals, fiber food and beneficial non-nutrient substances such as phytosterols, flavonoids and other antioxidants. To comply with the WHO recommendations, it would be enough to include in our daily diet five servings: three fruit and two vegetables.

The best fruits «whole, fresh, seasonal and seasonal», Recommends Ana Márquez Guerrero, dietitian-nutritionist at Nutrisana Education. In the case of vegetables, they are recommended to be eaten raw “in those cases where their sensory qualities allow it,” says María Concepción Cid Canda, professor of Nutrition and Food Science and professor at the Faculty of Pharmacy and Nutrition at the University of Navarra (UNAV). And is that some nutrients from vegetables can disappear with cooking. «Vitamins C, E, B1, B6 and folic acid are easily destroyed by high temperatures», Explains Dr. Ana Zugasti, member of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (Seen). But heat is not always bad. In addition to making some vegetables more palatable, it can be an opportunity to enhance the bioavailability of other nutrients, such as some antioxidant compounds.

Tomato sauce

A clear example is one of our most typical sauces: tomato sauce. A group of researchers from the Center for Biomedical Research in Red-Pathophysiology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBEROBN) and the University of Barcelona demonstrated how the different ingredients (tomato, olive oil, garlic and onion) of this traditional recipe interact and its effects on the production of lycopene, a vegetable pigment (carotene) responsible for the red color of tomatoes, with antioxidant capacity and which is enhanced when cooked.

The study, published in the magazine «Food Research International», concluded that preparing the sauce in a restful way, with a cooking time close to one hour, and adding onion, is related to a higher production of 5-Z-lycopene, 9- Z-lycopene and 13-Z-lycopene, beneficial for their antioxidant capacity and to which a protective effect is attributed against cancer, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

Also in relation to the polyphenolic compounds (antioxidant substances) of vegetables «it has been verified that the treatments of cooking in water or microwave they can promote their bioavailability and / or bioavailability, and consequently facilitate their potential absorption and subsequent bioactivity, “explains Professor Concepción Cid Canda. An example is asparagus, whose phenolic compounds increase with cooking; or carotenes in the case of carrots and pumpkins, says Ana Márquez Guerrero.

In general, when we cook vegetables, we must discard treatments such as frying, roasting or grilling because “they are the ones that cause the greatest loss of nutrients due to the high temperatures reached”, warns the Professor of Nutrition and Food Science at UNAV, who recommends cooking in water, using microwaves or cooking under vacuum (sous vide) to preserve its nutritional value. It is also advisable to “peel and cut the food shortly before preparing it, use short soaking times, wait for the water to boil to submerge the food, add a splash of vinegar or lemon to the cooking water, cook al dente and cool as soon as possible possible and take advantage of cooking water for other dishes, “says Dr. Zugasti.

Ana Márquez highlights the steamed or sauteed al dente as a culinary preparation to preserve nutrients. In the specific case of onion, garlic and broccoli, it is recommended to consume it raw whenever possible. «The sulfides of the first two decrease when cooked, although they do not disappear completely. Regarding broccoli, its high crude sulfur content is known, a phytonutrient studied for its protective effect against cancer ».

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