The bishops of France warn of the “dangers” of the Catholic Counter-Reformation

It is a severe warning that the Doctrinal Commission of the Conference of Bishops of France (CEF) published Thursday, June 25 about the “Catholic Counter-Reformation” (CRC), in order to warn the Catholic faithful who frequent this movement or some of its members.

The founder of the CRC, Father Georges de Nantes, who died in 2010, had been the subject of numerous canonical sanctions. Despite this, according to the CEF Doctrinal Commission, “ several recent testimonies indicate that some members of the CRC are active in the dioceses of France, in parishes, groups of young professionals, various movements and associations and even sometimes in seminars ».

« The sectarian aberration cell has received some alerts and we note that dialogue remains very difficult between the Permanent Council and the CRC “Explains to the Cross Mgr Laurent Camiade, bishop of Cahors and president of the Doctrinal Commission, before specifying that, during the confinement, the six members of this episcopal commission (1) were able to finalize this document with the help of five theologians.

« Several bishops were waiting for elements to be able to enlighten people close to this movement “Continues Mgr Camiade who does not hide that” discussion is often impossible with them because they think more in truth than the rest of the Church ».

« Without prejudging individual intention ”Of CRC members, this CEF document therefore wants to warn of the errors conveyed by this movement. In particular with regard to ” the eucharistic doctrine of Father Georges de Nantes which contains errors and real dangers for faith and spiritual life ».

A “dangerous” Eucharist theology

The founder of the CRC considered, in fact, that the transformation of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ was ” as an extension of the Incarnation ” Behind this theory, warns the Doctrinal Commission, “ the unacceptable Christology of the CRC shows, according to which the soul of Christ preexists in a first incarnation by which Christ takes possession of his body and then, in the Eucharist, takes possession of the bread and wine which become his body and his blood, so, ultimately, that we who eat them, assimilate this body and Christ would continue to incarnate, this time, in us ».

« All this is contrary to the teaching of the Church for which Christ is true God and true man “, Insists the Doctrinal Commission which recalls that” according to traditional faith, it is our soul that lets itself be transformed by this divine nourishment when our body assimilates the Eucharistic species physically. This transformation does not change our nature but makes us participate spiritually To that of Christ.

In addition to this specious theory of the influence of the soul of Christ on bread and wine, Father Georges de Nantes had developed a very “physical” conception, called “ sensual “, Of the Eucharist which led him to” unacceptable moral behavior on the part of a priest In the words of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in 1998.

According to this sensualist conception (which has been repeatedly criticized) of the participation of the faithful in the Eucharist, “ the manducation of species would be lived in the form of physical contact with the body of Christ, physical contact which would be the condition for an authentic realism of the mystical union with Christ Explains the Doctrinal Commission. ” The mouth of the communicant would embrace the Body of Christ in communion, the feeling of contact with the consecrated host being the very place of the experience of union with Christ. »

Georges de Nantes even wrote that his Eucharistic spirituality is an “erotic mysticism” and that Jesus, in the Eucharist, gives himself to receive a kiss from the communicant. “ He would also have said that the noise of the fraction of the hosts during the Agnus Dei would be that of the ribs of Christ that the priest would break! These unworthy words contradict the Scriptures which take care to indicate that not one of his bones was broken and confirm the derangement of this piety. »

Comments contrary to what the Church teaches

The CEF document therefore warns against the movement’s website (crc-resurrection), on which a text entitled “New theology of the Eucharist” repeats two articles by the Abbé de Nantes in 1977, alluding to the liturgical reform of Vatican Council II. These articles present ” unacceptable confusions and formulas “, And its author claims to propose” a new theological synthesis, superior to what the Magisterium of the Church has taught for eight centuries ».

The Bishops of the Doctrinal Commission also criticize the doctrine of the CRC concerning the Virgin Mary, which they describe as ” sorry ” According to the Abbot of Nantes, Marie would be endowed with an eternal soul having preceded and even participated in the creation of Adam and Eve, by her mystical union with the eternal soul of Christ. ” These theories are absurd and completely contrary to Christian anthropology which sees in the natural conception of a child the beginning of the existence of his person and never a preexistence of a soul without body “, Emphasizes the CEF document. Such theories which ” are close to pagan or far eastern anthropologies ” are ” incompatible with biblical anthropology ».

Finally, the Doctrinal Commission firmly attacks the theology of the marriage of the Abbé de Nantes, who spoke of a ” mystical marriage “And who presented the religious vows as a” certain kind of the sacrament of marriage ” For him, religious vows had to be considered a sacramental – if not a sacrament – to affirm that religious life would be ” a vocation of nuptial love in spiritual ties ».

Blurry mix

« We must warn the faithful against the danger of this vague mixture between religious commitment and a spiritual sponsorship, continues the CEF document. This style of discourse has made the misfortune of many female victims of abuse by false spiritual masters of the XXe and 21e centuries. »

« When one studies his sensualist theory of the Eucharist, one perceives, in the very vagueness of these statements, that they can lead to justify any abuse within a community, continues the Doctrinal Commission. Especially since a community without canonical status is never visited by the authority of the Church, which deprives it of any verification and adjustment in relations. »

The Doctrinal Commission concludes by recalling that the founder of the CRC (community based in the diocese of Troyes but having no status in the Church), who had been ordained a priest in the diocese of Grenoble in 1948, had been suspended from any mission. in the diocese of Troyes in 1963, then suspended tellers (therefore of any priestly mission all over the world) in 1968.

Having himself requested the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and wished to examine his own writings, the Abbé de Nantes had been the subject of notifications in 1969 and 1983. These notifications deplored his ” revolt against the episcopate of his country And against the Pope. He was banned in 1997 by Mgr Daucourt, then bishop of Troyes, conviction confirmed by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in 1998, and by the Court of the Apostolic Signature in 2000.

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Four apartments caught fire in a residential building in Moscow :: Society :: RBC

In the Telegram channel of the Russian Emergencies Ministry it is reported that four apartments on the third floor caught fire. The emergency message was received at 13:19 Moscow time, by the time the firefighters arrived, the fire area was 70 square meters. m. The fire was localized at 14:03 on an area of ​​150 square meters. m

A TASS source in emergency services, as well as an interlocutor of RIA Novosti, reported that the fire occurred due to an explosion. A source from RIA Novosti added that gas exploded in the house.

The data center warned on Twitter that traffic on Prohodchikov Street was blocked from house 114, building 1, along the Yaroslavl highway to Malyginsky passage.

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Four apartments caught fire in a residential building in Moscow :: Society :: RBC

In the Telegram channel of the Russian Emergencies Ministry it is reported that four apartments on the third floor caught fire. The emergency message was received at 13:19 Moscow time, by the time the firefighters arrived, the fire area was 70 square meters. m. The fire was localized at 14:03 on an area of ​​150 square meters. m

A TASS source in emergency services, as well as an interlocutor of RIA Novosti, reported that the fire occurred due to an explosion. A source from RIA Novosti added that gas exploded in the house.

The data center warned on Twitter that traffic on Prohodchikov Street was blocked from house 114 building 1 along the Yaroslavl highway to Malyginsky passage.

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Four apartments caught fire in a residential building in Moscow :: Society :: RBC

The Telegram channel of the Russian Emergencies Ministry reports that four apartments on the third floor caught fire. The emergency message was received at 13:19 Moscow time, by the time the firefighters arrived, the fire area was 70 square meters. m. The fire was localized at 14:03 on an area of ​​150 square meters. m

A TASS source in emergency services, as well as an interlocutor of RIA Novosti, reported that the fire occurred due to an explosion. A source from RIA Novosti added that gas exploded in the house.

The data center warned on Twitter that traffic on Prohodchikov Street was blocked from house 114, building 1, along the Yaroslavl highway to Malyginsky passage.

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Unemployment in the USA peaked since the Great Depression :: Economy :: RBC

According to The Washington Post, the US hospitality sector lost about 7.7 million jobs, retail – 2.1 million, production – 1.3 million. In addition, jobs in the health care system fell by about 1.4 million, so as in a crisis, people postpone requests for medical care, except urgent.

About 18 million people who lost their jobs in April reported that their dismissal was temporary, as companies expected the suspension of the economy to be short-lived. Another 2 million claimed that they had finally lost their last job.

US predicts unemployment rate of Great Depression after pandemic

Nevertheless, the unemployment rate recorded in April was not as dramatic as previously predicted. In the middle of the month, The Wall Street Journal wrote that the expected losses would amount to 22 million jobs and the unemployment rate would reach 18%.

During the Great Depression in the USA, the maximum unemployment rate was recorded in 1932 and amounted to 25.5%.

At the end of April, the presidential adviser on economics Kevin Hasset warned that after the coronavirus pandemic is over, unemployment in the country could come close to the times of the Great Depression. He called the current crisis the largest in the US economy.

In order to protect the interests of Americans losing their jobs because of the coronavirus, Trump signed a decree on the suspension of immigration. According to him, this will guarantee that unemployed citizens of the country will be the first in the queue to get work.

World Coronavirus Spread Rate

Cases per day

Source: JHU

World Data i

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Popova warned of a “new normality” after the pandemic :: Society :: RBC

According to the head of Rospotrebnadzor, all residents of Russia will have to change their habits after the country’s normal activities are restored. She also announced the introduction of new rules for cafes and restaurants.

Photo: Barbara Gertier / RIA Novosti

After the coronavirus pandemic, “new normality” will come for Russia, warned Anna Popova, head of the Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, in the program “Moscow. Kremlin. Putin “on the channel” Russia 1 “.

“We need to prepare, and it is already obvious that now we are approaching a new normality. We will have to change our habits, ”Popova warned.

She said that after the self-isolation regime is canceled, a set of new rules will be introduced for catering places. They will be aimed at protecting visitors and employees of restaurants and cafes.

According to the head of Rospotrebnadzor, during the period of self-isolation, the growth rate of the number of infections decreased from 30% to less than 10%. Popova called self-isolation the only way to “avoid problems.”

Coronavirus pandemic. The most relevant on April 27

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Lukashenko threatens Telegram channels hidden in Moscow from Bobruisk :: Society :: RBC

“They think we won’t get them. If necessary, we’ll get it, ”Lukashenko warned the leading Telegram channels, which, according to the Belarusian president, slandered him, and advised trusting those who are responsible for their words

Alexander Lukashenko

(Photo: Petr Sivkov / TASS)

The authorities of Belarus do not lie to the population of the country even in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, although many are trying to find, “for what to bite [Александра] Lukashenko ”, who has chosen his own way of fighting the disease. This was stated to reporters by the President of Belarus during a working trip to Bobruisk.

“You have no idea what it is to go alone against the whole world, against the tide. I warned and warned the authorities and civil servants that we have no supporters in the world, even sympathizers, ”said Lukashenko (quote from post presidential press services), noting that some opposition members in the yellow press and certain “gangster Telegram channels” accuse him of trying to shift responsibility to others.

The President of Belarus advised to trust the information of people who are responsible for their words.

“You went out on some of the ugly channels that hid in Moscow and dance from there (chatting. – RBC) towards Belarus – what are they responsible for? Never. They think we won’t get them. If necessary, we’ll get it, ”Lukashenko warned.

According to the president, in order to dispel doubts about the reliability of the information issued by state-owned media, representatives of the World Health Organization (WHO) were specially invited to the country, who confirmed that “the authorities are not lying.”

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Prosecutors warn that being affected by an ERTE means having ‘two payers’ in the income statement | My rights

The nearly four million workers affected by an ERTE from Covid-19 could be scared next year when they file their income tax returns. The reason is that, for tax purposes, they will have two payers in the 2020 personal income tax campaign, with the practical consequences that this usually has. The first problem is that, surely, they will have to present the declaration, even when their income does not exceed the legal limit; the second is that it will probably pay you. Experts warn about this issue, which may have gone unnoticed by many workers who have been forced into an ERTE.

Changing jobs, combining jobs or becoming unemployed are the usual situations in which workers receive income from two or more payers in the same year. This circumstance influences, in the first place, the tax obligations of the taxpayer, and, furthermore, may affect the result of the tax return at the time of its presentation.

When is there a second payer?

As a general rule, explains Marcos Escoda, a tax expert at Marimón Abogados, it is considered that there are two or more payers for tax purposes “when income is received from entities that have different tax identification numbers (NIF).”

Unemployment benefit is, like payroll, income from job performance, and Social Security is considered one more payer for tax purposes. This same rule applies to benefits received by workers at ERTE. As confirmed by Miguel Ángel Galán, partner of Andersen Tax & Legal, “if SEPE or another public body satisfies us with any remuneration, it is considered to be a payer for personal income tax purposes”.

Other cases in which the Administration becomes a second payer are, for example, when the worker retires once the year has started, or when he receives the benefits of FOGASA (Salary Guarantee Fund) because his company is insolvent.

They will have an obligation to declare

Having been affected by an ERTE by Covid-19, it can suppose that a worker who, under normal conditions would be exempt from filing the income tax return, has to fill it out. Without taking into account other assumptions, the law establishes that there is only an obligation with the treasury if 22,000 euros or more are paid as income from work during the year. However, this limit drops to 14,000 euros when the worker has collected from two or more different payers, and, in addition, the amount paid by the second (and other payers) exceeds 1,500 euros.

It is relatively easy, therefore, that those workers who have been for two or three months in an ERTE have an obligation to file the income tax next year despite having an income of less than 22,000 euros.

Income result

One of the most common problems of having two or more payers in the year is that the result of the income statement returns positive numbers. It is quite frequent in cases of receipt of wages and unemployment or other benefits during the same tax period. “You have to see the specific case, but yes, it could go out and pay,” Galán predicts regarding the workers at ERTE.

Having two or more payers does not imply having to pay more personal income tax, but it can mean that an adjustment must be made with the treasury when the return is filed. In the end, the result depends, among other things, on whether the employer has withheld the appropriate percentage in anticipation of payment of the tax on the worker’s payroll.

The issue is that the second or subsequent payers calculate the withholding that they apply to the payroll based on the compensation they will pay until December 31. By not taking into account everything that the worker receives throughout the year, they will normally have a lower withholding rate than would be the case if all that had been previously charged was taken into account, explains Leandro Sequeiros, a partner at Lean Abogados.

As the SEPE (Public State Employment Service) applies a minimum withholding on the money paid to workers in unemployment or in ERTE, it is probable that the amounts not withheld will have to be adjusted with the Treasury at the time of making the income statement , that is to say, that this one leaves to pay.

Unless a new type of withholding is communicated to the new employer that takes into account what he has earned up to that date and what he will earn from then until December 31, explains Sequeiros, “the normal thing is that you go out to pay in the statement of income”.

However, Galán points out, we must not lose sight of the fact that, in the end, the same taxes are paid for the same income. It is, he explains, “a matter of liquidity and financial effect”, what is known in tax law and economics as the theory of financial illusion.

Can I stop him from paying me?

Regardless of the circumstances of each taxpayer, workers who receive income from two or more payers can ensure that this fact does not harm them in their income statement.

One way to avoid the consequences of applying a lower withholding on this income is to request the second payer to modify the rate. According to Sequeiros, there are specific forms, depending on the administration from which the income comes, through which a type of voluntary withholding higher than that calculated by the administration itself can be communicated.

However, the new type of withholding requested will apply, at least until the end of the year. In addition, it will remain in force in subsequent years if it is not waived in writing or another superior is requested. On the other hand, if, finally, the statement comes out, it is important to remember that the Treasury allows the personal income tax to be divided into two payments.

Solutions proposal

The possible negative tax consequences of being included in an ERTE have not gone unnoticed by the tax advisers, who have submitted their proposals in this regard.

The Spanish Association of Tax Advisers (AEDAF) circulated a note a few days ago proposing that these incomes be exempt for, they explained, “trying to ensure the liquidity of these people who see their income reduced to 75% of the contribution base.” On the other hand, they advocated establishing an express exception so that the application of the ERTE did not suppose the existence of two payers for the purposes of the tax, and thus avoid that many taxpayers have the obligation to file a declaration in addition to the withholding adjustment problem.

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Coronavirus: The IMF warns of three scenarios in which the crisis will be even worse | Economy

An 8% drop in GDP in Spain and the deepest global crisis since the Great Depression a century ago. It looks like an economic catastrophe. And yet, that is rather the optimistic scenario drawn by the International Monetary Fund for the coronavirus pandemic. The agency warns that it contemplates three alternative scenarios in which the economic crisis would be even more serious, with devastating effects.

Those scenarios are three. The first, a delay in containing the pandemic. The second, a regrowth in 2021. And the third, both, the delay and the regrowth.

In its central scenario, the IMF expects the pandemic to die down in the second half of 2020 and that containment measures will be gradually withdrawn. This scenario contemplates that the confinements be concentrated in the second quarter, with a gradual recovery or subsequent de-escalation.

However, if the containment of the pandemic lasted 50% longer than expected by the IMF in its baseline scenario, the impact on the global economy would be three additional points. The drop in world activity would not be 3% this year, but 6% and the rebound in 2021 would also be less. This scenario would imply an increase in risk premiums and a tightening of financial conditions.

In the second alternative scenario, the pandemic is contained within the planned calendar this year, but there is a re-emergence in 2021. This year the forecast fall will not vary, but in 2021 the effect would be very damaging. The relapse would cost an additional five points of GDP in that year and another three in 2022, so that the rebound in the economy next year would lose almost all its strength.

The worst alternative scenario is the third, which combines the previous two: a delay in containing the current outbreak in 2020 and a relapse in 2021. In this case, GDP would fall twice this year (around 6%). ) and next year it would worsen another eight points with respect to the base scenario. From 2022 to 2024 they would lose around another 10-12 points of GDP in total compared to the baseline scenario.

In all three scenarios, but especially in the third, there would be strong increases in public spending, deficits, and debt. And everything could be complicated by the increase in risk premiums or by the lack of stimuli in view of the risk that risk premiums will rise.

One consolation remains: there is also an optimistic scenario. If an effective vaccine or therapy were obtained earlier than expected, social distancing measures could be eliminated and recovery would be faster.

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Coronavirus crisis: Buying a house in the state of alarm, an obstacle course | My finances section

Stopping the process of searching for or buying a home or moving forward is just one of the many dilemmas many people have faced since the government proclaimed the state of alarm last Saturday. The irruption of the fight against the coronavirus epidemic, with the changes in the routine that it entails, has often led to the decision to park this vital change, according to professionals in the real estate sector. Other times, however, the future owner is determined to go all the way and he succeeds.

This is the case of a client of Tomás Pérez Ramos, notary in Madrid. “She wants to formalize the deed as soon as possible because she is eight months pregnant, she has a down payment contract whose expiration is approaching and she is very concerned that this will increase and that she will not be able to have the home by the time she gives birth,” says Pérez . In cases like this, in which the urgent nature of the operation is appreciated, it will be possible to complete it, despite the exceptional situation in which the country is mired.

Not everyone will have the same luck. “We are alarmed”, admits Montse Junyent, head of the legal department of the Official College of Real Estate Agents (Coapi) of Barcelona. Although it is too early to draw a balance, Junyent calculates that this week, in the first working days of applying the state of alarm, the forced closure of real estate agencies has caused the paralysis of more than 60% of the planned sales only in Catalonia . For now, “the future is full of uncertainty only,” he adds.

Impossible visits

“They will have to wait for it to rise,” answers Junyent, resigned, to the question about what can all those who, before the approval of the royal decree establishing the state of alarm, were still looking for a home and not they had taken the long road to buying and selling. The forced closure of all non-essential commercial activities, such as real estate, makes it impossible to organize visits to the properties. And, even if you do not go through an agency and contact the seller directly, it would be unfeasible for the potential buyer to claim the intention of visiting a home as one of the reasons of proven need that empower citizens to move on public roads.

Virtual tours remain, for which some agencies are already prepared. “We have tools with which to provide the client with a lot of information, so that when the state of alarm ceases, they are able to visit the house and make a firm decision,” explains the owner of the Eurofincas real estate agency, Ramón Riera. “On Monday no email came from our platform on-line to ask about homes for sale, “he confesses. Everyone held their breath. The next day, however, “things started to cheer up a bit.” Riera clings to the possibility of continuing to offer her advisory services by phone or via the internet. We will have to see if the demand holds, from the confinement in which it will be until the end of this month, as long as the state of alarm does not extend beyond the 15 days initially planned.

Meanwhile, traffic on the real estate ads website Pisos.com has decreased these days by 10%, according to the firm’s chief of studies, Ferrán Font. “The potential buyer will have to wait a few weeks, and accept it, but we encourage agencies to continue showing their offers online, especially since it is the only means through which they can do so today,” he adds. In Font’s opinion, the user has the opportunity to take advantage of this downtime to continue looking and meditating more on his decision.

The mortgage puzzle

But if the user had already signed a purchase promise with the seller and wanted to finance the operation through a loan, they should quickly find a mortgage. Despite the fact that banks are authorized to open their offices to the public, with the circulation limitations in force, it seems difficult to go to various entities to find out their offers and negotiate. The existence of bank comparators and intermediaries on-line makes the task easier. But from one of them, iAhorro, they warn that some banks are suspending the mortgage campaigns they had planned.

“If the break lasted a month, the impact on the sector may be similar to that of the entry into force of the Real Estate Credit Law in June,” estimates the comparator’s Mortgage director, Simone Colombelli, “but if lengthen two months or more, the consequences could be much more serious. ” In his words, entities could then apply a higher default risk to users or, what is the same, make mortgages more expensive.

In any case, to obtain a mortgage loan it is essential to have the appraisal of the home you want to purchase. And also this act, if it had not yet occurred, will have to be postponed, because it must be carried out by a professional in person.

Non-extendable cases only

But those who will be in a hurry will be the ones who have signed a deposit agreement whose expiration is about to fall. If they do not formalize the sale, the potential buyers will lose the signal. “I understand that, with the suspension of all procedural and administrative terms and in all jurisdictional orders established by the royal decree, the terms in private contracts should also have been suspended,” says Pérez.

However, in the face of an unprecedented situation such as the proclamation of the state of alarm and the doubts it raises, this notary advises to act. “If I were immersed in a purchase process, instead of waiting for the interpretation of whether or not the period that we had given in the deposit agreement is suspended, I would extend it through a private document that I would sign with the seller before the expiration date comes, “he recommends. An act for which it is not necessary to go to the notary.

Of course, once all these stages have been closed – search, promise of purchase, appraisal, down payment and mortgage – the formalization of the deed before the notary would be essential to dispose of the property. An obstacle that is rarely possible to overcome in an alarm state. It is true that an instruction issued by the General Directorate of Legal Security and Public Faith clarifies that the notary cannot close his office, as it is a public office. However, given the restrictions on freedom of movement in force, “it will only be compulsory to attend to those urgent actions”, it reads. The notary will then be the one to evaluate each case and determine if it cannot be postponed.

Not go to the notary

From the General Council of Notaries, they insist that the client should not appear in the office, but rather call his notary or the one closest to him by telephone. Only after having presented the case to him and if it were urgent, the notary will summon the interested parties (in the case of a home purchase with a mortgage: the seller, the buyer and a representative of the bank), who must appear at the office ” with those means of self-protection that guarantee health security ”and respecting the separation and physical separation measures recommended by the authorities.

According to Pérez, being summoned in a notary is a reason of proven need that justifies the fact of driving on public roads. Even so, these days some clients have asked him to issue a document that confirms it, as a safe-conduct. The first days of this week, in the reduced hours with which he opens his office, Pérez only formalized the occasional will and some powers. “About 70% of the programmed writings have been postponed and I suppose that next week we will do only 10% of the usual activity,” he predicts.

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