Be careful with these errors when making the income statement | Economy

The Dian projects that the income tax collection will amount to $ 3.9 billion for the term of 2019, an estimate is based on the technological tools that have been available for taxpayers to present this obligation without leaving home.

(Lea: How do you make your income tax return yourself?)

So far this year, according to data from the entity, the collection obtained by the Income and Complementary Tax was $ 13.43 billion, which, when compared with the goal assigned for this tax for the period January – July 2020, denotes a compliance of 114.1%.

(Lea: Digital tools that help you with your income tax return)

However, despite the tools provided by the entity and the channels for attention, taxpayers must be careful when submitting this obligation since they may fall into common errors for which they could end up paying penalties.

(Lea: So you can file your income tax return without leaving home)

According to the lawyer Juan Manuel Sáenz de Brigard, master in law and specialist in tax law, from Sáenz Castellanos Litigation & Advocay, one of the most common errors in the income statement of Colombians is to include expenses or non-existent costs for the purpose to decrease the tax base.

“Many times it occurs because there are unscrupulous lawyers or accountants who decide to manipulate costs and expenses, and cause the taxpayer to make the mistake of filing an inaccurate income tax return and from the outset it has a sanction that is regulated in article 648 of the tax statute ”, he says.

The penalty for inaccuracy is equivalent to 100% of the difference between the balance to be paid or balance in favor, as the case may be, determined in the official settlement and that declared by the taxpayer, or to 15% of the inaccurate values ​​in the case of income and wealth statements.

Sáenz de Brigard explains that these cases are seen, for example, in the income that a person receives from the rental of a property. “You can deduct from that income what you paid for the maintenance of that house, such as a repair or remodeling. These costs can be discounted, but many times there are not such and that is when it voluntarily includes expenses to reduce the tax base, “he indicates.

And he adds that this is a very common voluntary error that not only causes the taxpayer to incur a tax problem, due to the penalties that must be paid for filing a return with errors, but it is also a crime. “The 2010 law of 2019 on the tax reform stipulated the crime of tax evasion or tax evasion. This crime includes a custodial sentence of up to 36 months and penalties of a pecuniary nature for evading or evading the payment of the tax ”, he emphasizes.

The other frequent case is that of the person who did not file the income tax return on the established dates, but then did so extemporaneously. Here, in accordance with article 641 of the tax statute, a penalty equivalent to 5% of the total tax to be paid for each month or fraction of delay is provided.

While the taxpayer obliged to declare, who was or was not aware of his income, and did not do so, will be required by the Dian and will be sanctioned with 20% of the value of the gross income of the undeclared period. That is, if you had income of 100 million pesos, you will pay 20 million for a fine.

“The taxpayer is also forced not only to pay the penalty but also the interest charged by the Dian at a usury rate certified by the Financial Superintendency of 33% annual cash,” adds Sáenz de Brigard.

In any case, Sáenz de Brigard points out the importance of doing tax planning so that taxpayers are more aware of their income and what they may be paying in rent. “You project that figure and the day you have to pay because you have the cash flow to do it,” he concludes.


Why does California have low COVID-19 numbers in the US drama? – Telemundo 52

LOS ANGELES – Early confinement and other prevention measures promoted by the state government have allowed California, with more than 40 million inhabitants and some 300 deaths from COVID-19, to become an example of how to deal with the coronavirus pandemic in United States.

So far, the nation’s largest metropolis, Los Angeles, with more than 10 million citizens, has recorded fewer than 6,000 cases and 132 deaths, far from New York City, which has 8 and a half million inhabitants. and it has confirmed some 130,000 infections and more than 4,000 deaths.

“California has been doing quite well in the COVID-19 pandemic, with a relatively low number of infected per 100,000 people and a low death rate,” said Professor Karin Michels, head of the Department of Epidemiology at the School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA).


California Governor Gavin Newsom was one of the first in the country to enact relatively strict confinement, allowing only “essential” activities such as going to the grocery store and pharmacy, and exercising respect for safety distances between people.

In contrast, eight states – Arkansas, Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, South Carolina, Utah, and Wyoming – have not mandated their residents to stay home.

“The governor issued ‘home security’ and ‘shelter’ orders relatively quickly. Universities like UCLA and other large employers closed even earlier and sent people to work, teach and study from home,” said Michels, who has extensive experience in disease prevention, public health and statistical methods.

Due to the COVID-19 crisis, California schools may continue to be closed until the end of August.

Newsom also took the initiative to decree the closure of schools, which will remain closed until next year, as a preventive measure; in asking President Donald Trump to send a hospital ship to Los Angeles to support local hospitals before it reached a hypothetical peak in the number of cases, which has not yet occurred; and in closing the state’s beaches and parks.

Another point that seems to have helped so far in the exceptional case of California against COVID-19, according to experts, is the low population density of the state, which reduces the possibility of contagion and allows better compliance with the rules of social distancing.

 Despite having a large population, Californians do not live in
as dense as New Yorkers. Cities spread with
Few skyscrapers: Relative to other states, many more people in
 California lives in houses, not in apartment buildings or buildings
high, “summarizes Michels, who is based on data from a study of his


California has had a much lower per capita death rate than most of the nation’s largest states, with the exception of Texas.

“The state has a low average age and a high
density of healthcare facilities, which may have contributed to
 the low mortality rate, “explained Michels.

According to a recent study published in The Lancet, the mortality rate among those infected with 20 years of age is 0.03%, while for those 70 years of age it is 8.6%.

Cautious tone

 Californian authorities have projected alarming numbers in the
recent weeks, although so far those estimates have not been

Newsom himself foresaw two weeks ago that more than half the state’s population, or about 25 million people, would become infected, so he begged its residents to follow the guidelines to the letter.

For his part, the mayor of Los Angeles, Eric Garcetti, did not hesitate to forecast that the city “would follow in the footsteps of New York” in number of cases, a catastrophic scenario that is still far away.

COVID-19 affects children differently than adults. This is what the doctors say in the following video.

The United States on Monday exceeded 10,000 deaths from coronavirus, with 10,335 and almost 350,000 infected, making it the third country with the most deaths after Italy and Spain, according to the count of the Center for Systems, Science and Engineering (CSSE) from Johns Hopkins University (Maryland).

The new data is known after this Sunday
President Donald Trump, during his usual daily press conference,
make sure “this will probably be the hardest week, between this
week and next, and there will be a lot of death. ”

The state of New York, the great epicenter of the pandemic in the United States, accumulates with these latest figures a total of 4,758 deaths and 130,689 confirmed cases of COVID-19, compared to just over 122,000 that it had a day earlier.


this must be the diet of pregnant women

A good diet during pregnancy is decisive for both the mother and the baby on the way. In it because it can help prevent discomfort of pregnancy due to digestive causes and in the child because the necessary nutrients are provided for proper development. Most women are concerned with eating the best foods during the nine months that this period normally lasts, especially to ensure that their children develop healthy and to maintain their ideal weight. Therefore, it does not hurt to remember what is really important in a diet for pregnant and how to cook some foods so they can eat them without any problem. You have to be alert because there are some that are vehicles of diseases that, although they are rare, can have serious consequences for the baby. In addition, the CinfaSalud study on perception and habits in pregnancy revealed that only 6 out of 10 women avoid these risky foods or they know them.

Cooking as a couple can be funSEE GALLERY

Toxoplasmosis, listeriosis … how to avoid diseases

Constipation, nausea, heartburn, high blood pressure … Many of the disorders and discomforts typical of pregnancy can be prevented or reduced with proper nutrition. “Today there are very good controls to identify possible diseases, but that does not exempt any future mother from being able to suffer them. They can have strong repercussions if they are acquired. We are talking about toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, salmonellosis or anisaquis infection. The logical guidelines would be to avoid raw or undercooked meats, do them well, do not eat fish if it has not been frozen a few days before, also avoid pates, sausages, unpasteurized dairy products, seafood or salads that contain this type of product. . It is also advisable to wash fruits and vegetables“says Dr. Julio Maset, Cinfa’s doctor.

Also read: The recommended diet for pregnant women in the first weeks

Essential Tips

  • Eat more frequently and in a balanced way. Eat more times a day and in smaller portions. This will allow you to avoid fasting periods and sugar drops: three main meals and two or three small daily doses facilitate the optimal use of glucose and the protection of the mother’s energy and protein reserves. In order that you and your baby receive the nutrients you need, make a varied diet according to the Mediterranean diet.
  • Include iron and folic acid in your diet. Folic acid is essential in the development of the central nervous system of the future boy or girl. You can find it in green leafy vegetables, cereals, eggs, oranges, legumes, and nuts. Regarding iron, it is necessary to avoid iron deficiency anemia – the most common nutritional deficiency during pregnancy -, and is found in red meats – which you have to take completely made inside -, cereals, legumes and nuts. Your midwife or gynecologist will probably recommend supplements of these elements.
  • Moderate the consumption of salt and sugar. To avoid power surges, the salt you take should be iodized, except when there is a thyroid disorder, in which case, your midwife, gynecologist or endocrine will advise you. With the sugarThe goal is to avoid weight gain above that due to pregnancy and to prevent gestational diabetes.
  • Fruits, greens and vegetables, better fresh. When consuming them, the most important thing is the preparation: cut the damaged parts first and then wash them well under running water, even if they are to be peeled. If they are to be taken raw (including fresh aromatic plants), it is advisable to immerse them for five to ten minutes in a container of drinking water containing a few drops of products suitable for disinfection. Then they should be rinsed with abundant water.
  • Dairy, always pasteurized and eggs, well done. Remember that neither milk nor its derivatives should be ingested raw, due to the risk of listeria infection. Opt, preferably, for fermented ones such as yogurt, because, in addition, they contribute to repopulating the gut microbiota. Regarding eggs, they involve risk of salmonellosis, so you should avoid eating them raw or undercooked, so you should avoid homemade sauces and desserts that may contain them.
  • Avoid undercooked meats and cold cuts. When cooking, they must be completely made inside (not pink). Avoid carpaccios, marinades, precooked meats and prepared salads that include chicken, ham … If the mother is not immunized against toxoplasmosis, the sausages should be avoided, frozen for at least 10 days at -22ºC or previously cooked. Eating few amounts does not reduce the risk.
  • Be careful with the fish. Avoid raw seafood, smoked and marinated (sushi, sashimi, raw oysters, clams and scallops, ceviche, carpaccio fish, anchovies in vinegar, salmon or smoked trout), although you can eat them if they are canned, not perishable or if they have been cooked properly. It is also not recommended to consume large predatory species such as swordfish (emperor), shark (dogfish), mackerel, bluefin tuna and pike, as they may contain mercury. The rest can be consumed after cooking well and, preferably, after being frozen for a minimum of four days, to avoid the risk of anisakis infections.
  • When cooking, remember these five steps. Separate raw meat, eggs, and fish from other foods to avoid cross contamination; cool, both in the fridge and in the freezer; wash them all, including surfaces, kitchen utensils and your hands with hot soapy water after each preparation; cook foods on high heat; and discard those products that have expired or for which you have no guarantees.
  • 9. Hydrate well. Drink enough liquid, about two liters a day; preferably water, natural juices or broths. Instead, it reduces the consumption of exciting substances such as tea and coffee, as well as energy and carbonated drinks, which can make digestion difficult.
  • 10. Don’t drink alcohol or smoke. Both are highly detrimental to your health and that of your baby, since they increase the risk of complications such as premature births, malformations or emotional and cognitive delays. Alcohol passes directly to your child through the placenta and no amount of it or tobacco is safe during pregnancy, no matter how low.

Your baby's health comes first SEE GALLERY

As the expert clarifies, “food and pregnancy are not equivalent to eating for two, as they say, and it does not even mean that the pregnant woman should ingest larger amounts, but that she should do so in smaller amounts each time, but more frequently – six times a day – and trying to chew slowly. Otherwise, like any other person who wants to take care of herself, the future mother must eat in a varied and balanced way, including all the basic foods for your health and that of your child. “That is, There is no specific diet for pregnancy: women at this stage can eat practically everything, although there are some exceptions motivated by safety for their baby and that must be taken into account. Otherwise, you should eat in moderation, and with the Mediterranean diet and the food pyramid as guides.


We collect the best health and beauty products: taking care of yourself at home is possible | Showcase

This is the best-selling face mask on Amazon

Publication date: 12/15/2019

Exfoliating, cleansing, anti-aging and star of the platform’s beauty section. Made from bamboo charcoal extract, it works as a cream that is easily placed on the face and, when it cools, it is removed with a single movement as if it were a sheet of paper.

Buy for € 14.99 on Amazon


How a biobot is made

A team of American scientists has created “living machines” for the first time, built with a few hundred animal cells from designs proposed by a supercomputer. The researchers, funded by the US Department of Defense, believe that their “reprogrammable agencies” could have medical applications and environmental restoration of contaminated sites. “It seems that these biobots they are a third class of animated matter: they are not robots nor are they strictly organisms. I think these biobots they will force biologists and philosophers to rethink our definitions of life and what a machine is, ”says one of the authors, Josh Bongard, of the University of Vermont.

Keep reading.