Kadyrov’s income in 2019 increased almost 20 times

The head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, earned 147.99 million rubles in 2019, which is almost 20 times more than in 2018, when his income was about 7.58 million rubles. should from the income tax return.

According to the document, Kadyrov still owns a residential building with an area of ​​2,344.3 square meters. m and a plot of 3668 sq. m. In 2019, the head of Chechnya owns a new land plot with an area of ​​28,361 sq. m. In addition, the Kadyrov family owns a residential building with an area of ​​300 square meters. m.

Kadyrov’s wife earned 2.45 million rubles last year. She owns an apartment of 209.8 sq. m. In 2018, her income was 60,000 rubles.


CEC threatens Russian woman to vote in Israel with criminal case

The Russian woman, who managed to vote three times on amendments to the Constitution, will have “long contacts with the Investigative Committee” upon her return to Russia, court decisions will follow, Interfax reports the words of the deputy chairman of the Central Election Commission (CEC) Nikolai Bulaev. He saw in her actions signs of a criminal offense, as her minor daughter also received a ballot for voting. “As a result, we have, if everything is documented, a four-fold vote of a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy,” said Bulaev.

The deputy chairman of the CEC clarified that this is an article 142 of the Criminal Code, its provisions establish a penalty for falsifying signatures, ballots or election documents. The part that prescribes the punishment for a group of persons provides for a fine of up to 300,000 rubles. or up to three years in prison.

The day before, a resident of Israel, Yael Ilyinsky, showed on Facebook photos of ballots received at the embassy in Tel Aviv and at the consulate in Haifa, as well as a screenshot of the electronic newsletter. “Neither one nor the other is asking if you are registered by electronic voting, and they are not checking it in any way,” she said. Ilyinsky clarified in a conversation with MBH Media that she voted on three ballots. Her daughter, who was not yet 18 years old, managed to vote in Haifa, in Tel Aviv her age was checked.

If no one checks the system for errors, “we will never get a transparent voting system and fair elections in general,” Ilinsky told Open Media after the CEC announced criminal penalties. She added that after the announcement of the vote, she began to receive threats from the embassy: “They threaten sanctions, they urgently demand to speak Hebrew.”

Statements of repeated voting, if they are made to improve the electoral system, are “probably not bad,” said presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov. At the same time, he clarified that the decision on whether to apply the punishment prescribed by law is not made by the Kremlin, “and we would not want to intervene in this.” Peskov assured that the CEC will take measures, make adjustments and improve work. Signals of imperfections “in no way can influence the general background of legitimacy,” he noted.


Holidays canceled, what guarantees?

For the majority of stays, customers are covered by the tourism code: travel operators must fully reimburse their customers if a cancellation occurs « due to exceptional and unavoidable circumstances ».

Cancellation can come from the operator or the holiday maker “If the health context does not allow the development of the stay under the conditions provided”, specifies Raphaël Bartlomé, of UFC-Que Choisir.

A credit or a carryover

An order dated March 25, taking into account the epidemic context, however authorized travel operators to defer reimbursement. They can offer customers a credit or a postponement of the trip, both within 18 months. At the end of this period, the customer can request a refund if he did not choose either of the two options. The service must have been canceled between 1is March and September 15, 2020.

→ MAINTENANCE. For the Spanish ambassador, “this summer everyone is welcome”

Several operators have nevertheless decided to provide immediate reimbursements in the event of cancellation. On May 14, Travel Companies (EDV), hoteliers affiliated with UMIH, tour operators (SETO) undertook to repay the deposit in full, if “The establishment where the vacationer is going must be closed, or the geographic area prohibited from access”, specifies Jean-Pierre Mas, president of the EDV. The provision is however not binding, and only applies for stays in mainland France.

More flexible cancellation conditions

Regarding seasonal rentals booked on accommodation rental platforms, “Many owners are committed to making their cancellation conditions more flexible, for whatever reason”, assures Timothée de Roux, CEO of Abritel and president of UNPLV, a group of rental platforms. One way to encourage the French to book for their summer holidays and to save the season.

→ ANALYSIS. The summer tourist war is declared

On Abritel, “We have set up a filter to sort rental ads according to the cancellation criterion, flexible or free”, he adds. Because some owners require the payment of a deposit which will not be refunded in the event of cancellation. Unless, as provided in the tourism code, “Exceptional circumstances” demanded it.

Tickets refunded until August 31

On the transport side, the SNCF guarantees the reimbursement or exchange of tickets free of charge before the train leaves, until August 31. As for airlines, each has its own cancellation policy. They are in any case subject to European regulation 261/2004 which imposes a reimbursement of the customer within 7 days, if the latter so requests.


what sanitary measures in the polls ?

“We put the package “. Hydroalcoholic Gel, floor markings, masks, visors… Genevieve Muller-Stein, assistant to the mayor (LR) of Sélestat (Bas-Rhin) in charge of the solidarity and of the family assures us : “everything will be ready “ for the second round of the municipal elections. The town council of this small alsatian town is active since 22 may and the announcement by the government of the holding of the election -except in Guyana, where it is deferred – to put in place measures to protect health in its twelve offices to vote.

→ FIND from the 28th of June the results of the second round of the municipal elections 2020, commune by commune

On 17 June, a circular from the ministry of the interior has established” special provisions “for the ballot in order to avoid any risk of the spread of the coronavirus. Wearing a mask is compulsory (unlike in the first round), a distance of one meter between each person to be delimited by a marking on the ground, hydroalcoholic gel at your disposal… Some of these measures had already been put in place during the first round of the elections.

Their application in the emergency department and in a context of a national shortage of mask and hydroalcoholic gel, had, however, proved to be complex for the elect. “We had been coping, remembers Genevieve Muller-Steincompanies located in the region we were given masks and a hospital had supplied us from freezing “. This time, these are the prefectures that were provided to local councils the necessary equipment to ensure the fulfilment of sanitary measures.

Masks and visors

In Grenoble, Laurence Comparat (EELV), the deputy mayor in charge of the general administration and of the digital, fact accounts. “We’re going to need 5 masks for each person in charge of the outfit of the polling station, knowing that we will have 4 people per polling station and that there are 86 in the city “, calculates-t-it. The city council has tapped into the supplies of the prefecture and in its own stocks built up during the health crisis. The presidents of the polling stations, the assessors and the tellers will also be equipped with visors.

→ ANALYSIS. Municipal 2020 : a management of the epidemic of Covid-19 rather favourable to the incumbent mayor

Dual protection can also be adopted to Sélestat. The Alsace region, particularly affected by the epidemic, retains the memory of the death of the mayor of Saint-Louis (Haut-Rhin) Jean-Marie Zoellé, a few weeks after the first round of the elections, reached the Covid-19. “And other elected officials are dead in the region “, sigh for Genevieve Muller-Stein. For “avoid the turnover “ in the polling stations sélestadiens, the participants “will be present from 8 hours to 13 hours or 13 hours to 18 hours, but will not be able to, for example, ensure only 2 hours and be replaced “, “she explains.

Measures not always easy to implement

To avoid the congestion of the polling, the ministerial circular recommends that the city councils not to enter that three voters. A provision that may prove difficult to meet. “Between a gymnasium and a classroom, their configuration can be completely different “, is Laurence Comparat, Grenoble.

→ CASE OF CONSCIENCE. Municipal 2020 : less voice, less weight ?

“It will be fluid, we will not limit the entries drastically to the point of letting people pile up outside “says Genevieve Muller-Stein in Sélestat. The elected alsatian also relies on proxies, facilitated and expanded to two per agent, to limit the number of voters physically present.

Some voters did not vote in the first round because they were afraid

In France, two queues, one for vulnerable people, will be put in place to the outside with a marking on the ground to enforce the regulation distance of one meter between each voter. Some municipalities have also invested in barriers in plexiglass to place in front of the tables in the offices. This is the case in Paris, where the city council has decided to install in its hundreds of polling stations.

The premises will be cleaned several times in the day. “We recommend to the voters to come equipped with their masks and their own pens, but we will provide it to those who do not have and we had to disinfect the pens with gel “said Anne Souyris, the assistant to the health to the mayor of Paris Anne Souyris. A high rate of abstention would constitute a” the form of disappointment “for the elected EELV. “When people don’t come to vote, this is not good for democracy. Some voters did not vote in the first round because they were scared “, she laments.

At Grenoble, also, “we hope it’s going to work “, entrust Laurence Comparat. “The French are back in the shops, in restaurants, at work… one feels a desire to return to normal, including in the exercise of its voting rights. “


What contribution for the richest ?

After you have found with Frédéric Tristram, a specialist in the history of tax (The Cross may 13, read below)that “the levies of this type targeting the richest have never been enough to erase the deficits “, I would like to make two suggestions. It might first be a consensus to make a change to the IFIS taking the I for still instead ofreal estate. I think of the enormous sums invested in life insurance, funds in euro, without greater risk than real estate. On the other hand, it is not necessary, in my opinion, taxing the funds placed by units of value or shares whether in life insurance or securities accounts, which are invested in the economy and risks. Moreover, we never invoke the huge reserves of certain associations. These funds, in principle, have the objective of ensuring the continuity of operations. One might consider that it is reasonable to have six-or nine-month operating reserve, but not years ! All types of associations are concerned, including charitable associations. These sums have been accumulated over time by the French who died for the most part. Why does takes does not all or part of these sums ? This is much more than the product of the ex-ISF !

A. G.


What is the place of women in the Church ?

► What are the responsibilities assume responsibility for the women within the Church ?

Board members of episcopal, chancelières in charge of finance, responsible for the pastoral care of the… notably Under the impetus of pope Francis, the place of women in the governance of the catholic Church is undoubtedly the most enviable as it was two or three decades – and this, to the Vatican. In France, few are part of councils of the seminars (to accompany the training of future priests), but also advice for the appointment of priests (who decide on the allocation of parishes).

The general secretariat of the bishops ‘ Conference of France (CEF), which is open to the laity three years ago, now has three priests and three lay people, including one woman, Christine Naline, who said : “The novelty for me was to bring matters of pastoral care : we may rejoice in it. “ If the lay in responsibility have long been confined to the questions say “temporal” (economic, for example), their participation in the pastoral services is more recent.

In the field, Monique Baujard has been part of the pioneers. Director of the national service family and society of the EFC from 2009 to 2015, it also acknowledges the progress made, but considers them inadequate. “The authority remains committed to the presbyterate. No women’s words in no way commits the institution : it remains a word in private, a witness. ” A lay woman in the church’s mission adds that although she has the confidence of his bishop and that he is listening “in a personal capacity “, this is not the case at the institutional level, since it is not a member of the episcopal council of the diocese.

If some of these councils are now equal, most are composed in great majority of priests. “However, the priests do not have a specified term, in contrast to us, the laity : so, I know that I don siégerai not more than three years on the board “, says Mary-Anne Vitry, of the diocese of Angoulême, also a professor of philosophy. The episcopal council is in any way an instance and a vote, without power of decision.

► Governance is it related to ordination ?

“In the first centuries of christianity, under the roman Empire, explains the theologian Francois Moog, there has been a double movement: on the one hand a re-qualification of women, but on the other, a disqualification of the laity with a bureaucracy cleric who has focused the governance ordained. “ However, says he, the canon law current provides for a series of offices which may be filled by lay people, men as well as women. Thus a woman can occupy positions of responsibility within the Church and may be, for example, chancellor of the diocese, or ecclesiastical judge.

“Governance is embodied by a priest, or a bishop, but is worn by all, through councils “, says Christine Naline. However, as noted by sister Nathalie Becquart, head of the national service for the evangelization of youth and vocations from 2008 to 2018, “the last word “ always returns to the priest or to the bishop.

In addition, there is, according to it, a “distortion “ between the reality of the exercise of responsibilities by women and that the liturgy, “first visibility of the Church “, given to see. “The women have only a secondary role in the liturgy, their weight symbolic is less strong, whether we like it or not “, adds to the jesuit Étienne Grieu, president of the Centre Sèvres. For him, “if the women could comment on the word of God, it would be immediately in a position of authority “.

► The current context, can it make a difference ?

“In fifty years, the place of women in society has been turned upside down, notes sister Becquart. There is a generational thing, the Church is at the heart of the company and this new situation will necessarily raise for it too. It is a question of inculturation. “

But in the beginning, the accession of women to positions of responsibility in the Church she pointed to a choice or a necessity to overcome the shortage of priests ? “If there had been a priest available, competent, and interested, I would have perhaps not been named a delegate to episcopal for the German-speaking part of the canton of Fribourg “, notes with lucidity Marianne Pohl who will occupy this position for the diocese of Lausanne, Geneva and Freiburg from the 1er August. “The increased presence of women in the governance of the Church was more the result of a concrete need that a real theological reflection “, confirms Monique Baujard.

More than the crisis of vocations, it may be the sexual abuse crisis and of power, that has led bishops to act in favour of greater participation of the laity – and thus of women. “The sexual abuse crisis may have the effect of “beneficial” to raise awareness that there is an institutional problem “, explains the former head of service of the CEF.

“With their systemic aspect, adds Nathalie Becquart, the abuse show that the exit from the crisis passes through the path of synodality. “ For it, a number of bishops have understood that it was necessary to involve women, “not because they are better, but because better discernment requires of otherness “.

To call to give more importance to women within the Church, the religious xaviere also puts forward a factual, according to which the young men are now more believers than young women. “If the Church does not move, the women will continue to leave “, prevents Nathalie Becquart.

► What are the prospects for the coming years ?

Number of women in the Church say they wait with impatience for the next Synod of bishops in October 2022. It is already said that women could have the right to vote, this would be a first – this had not been the case for the Synod for the Amazon, in spite of the claims come from participating. But if the next Synod of bishops is the subject of attention on the part of women, it is mostly because of its theme, “For a Church the synod of bishops : communion, participation and mission,” the synodality is a subject dear to pope Francis.

“At the local level, and particularly in my own diocese, the synodality, this still remains an idea “, deplores Marie-Anne Vitry, in Angoulême, to which Germany is a model in the field. For her, “what is still lacking for women in the Church, it is to be seen as collaborators in full, with a real mutual esteem “. However, it requires a “conversion “, to which we must work at daily. “I will fight for that every day !, she says. It is sometimes difficult, when one is in face of men, inhabited by stereotypes of gender, in which a woman can only be a housewife or a nun. “

Another solution would be to entrust women’s ministries established. For the moment, these are two in number – the readership and acolytat – but are reserved for men. This track is also being considered at the highest levels of the Church : “We ask that the ministry established “the woman leader of community” is created and recognized “, requested by the synod fathers in the final document of the Synod for the Amazon.

“The needs are not those of two millennia ago : what ministries the Church has, does she need for tomorrow ? Priests and bishops, no doubt, but not only “, believes Monique Baujard. For her, it would be a mistake to think that the priestly ordination of women : “The risk would be to drag in a “mold” male, and that they were then also clerical than the men ! “ Another track could be to appoint, at the side of the bishop, a vicar general who is a layman, and so, sometimes a woman.


A shortage of 1.9 billion euros in the accounts of Wirecard led to the collapse of its value in five times

Auditors EY warned that the accounts of one of the leaders of German Finance ‒ Wirecard is not enough 1.9 billion euros. Shares of intercompany, which is part of the Dax-30, the highest stock index on the Frankfurt stock exchange, collapsed Thursday, June 18, at the auction of more than 60% following these news. In 2018 the company’s market capitalization amounted to 24 billion euros, now it is estimated at less than 5 billion Euro, reports The Financial Times. Bonds for 500 million euros issued in June, on Thursday quoted below 40 cents on the Euro.

The last half of the year the company, which is based in the suburbs of Munich and annually handles tens of billions of euros in credit and debit transactions, have tried to prove the purity of their accounting practices. In 2019, the company commissioned a special audit by KPMG after having doubts about the veracity of her statements. During a six-month special audit experts KPMG are unable to trace the transactions underlying net profit Wirecard between 2016 and 2018, the Results of this audit, the newspaper was published at the end of April 2020, After the auditors EY announced a shortage of funds in the accounts, Wirecard will not be able to publish its audited results 2019 Wirecard three times postponed publication of its results for the 2019 March, stating to investors that it expects the independent auditor’s report. If the company does not publish audited results up to 19 June inclusive, it will violate Treaty obligations in the amount of 1.75 billion Euro revolving line of credit, organized by Commerzbank, ING, ABN Amro and LBBW and the other lenders. Banks will be able to terminate the loan deals of almost 2 billion euros.

Wirecard has always denied any wrongdoing. Wirecard in a statement released on 18 June, says the company is “working intensively together with the auditor in the direction of clarify the situation”. She also announced that chief operating officer were suspended from posts with the possibility to recall him from this post till June 30. CEO Markus Braun said that “previously issued confirmation banks were no longer recognized by the auditor” and added that “at present it is unclear whether there has been fraudulent transactions to the detriment of the Wirecard”. The largest asset Manager of German company DWS, one of the largest shareholders of Wirecard, said that estimates legal steps against the company. Head of sustainable development and corporate management Deka Investment, one of the largest shareholders of Wirecard, Ingo Speich said, “We look at the situation with distrust. More than ever, you need to start a new job in management”. Spic earlier called for the dismissal of brown.

In October, The Financial Times reported that employees of Wirecard, apparently, joined the conspiracy the fraudulent overstatement of sales and profits in the subsidiaries Wirecard in Dubai and Dublin and misled EY, auditor of the group for decades. Then in December, the FT reported that the so-called Deposit accounts, controlled on behalf of Wirecard and some of the Trustees were used to increase cash balances of the group. Wirecard has filed a lawsuit against FT for the publication of his statements, claiming that the newspaper violated a trade secret. At the end of September 2019 at Wirecard was € 1.8 billion of outstanding debt, while the Munich Bank that it controls, holding 1.7 billion euros in deposits of customers.


what legitimacy for the assemblies of citizens ?

► ” Associate a deliberative process and a referendum “

Loïc Blondiaux, professor of political science at the university of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, a specialist in citizen participation and member of the governance committee of the ‘Convention’ on climate.

The citizen assemblies are not intended to be a substitute for the elect, because, unlike them, these drawn at random are not responsible for a decision. This is the essential condition of the existence of these assemblies. It is not at all a question of denying the inherent strength of the electoral dynamic, which allows to express, in an indirect way, the political will of the people. The idea is not to challenge the power of elections in a democracy but to build a new type of legitimacy, which is complementary, based on a system of deliberative.

→ TO READ. ‘Convention’: the proposed shock to the climate

In the case of the ‘Convention’ on climate, this is not the citizens who will take the final decision. It is the people, represented through the national Assembly and the Senate, either through the referendum, which shall decide on the voting of the measures that the Convention offers.

In this process, the role of citizens is to ensure the existence of a deliberative process, prior to the decision. At the present time in our democracies, the spaces of deliberation are either completely controlled by political power, or reduced to their simplest expression. However, the founding principle of deliberative democracy is that a decision is only truly legitimate if all parties involved were able to participate in its construction.

The assemblies of citizens contribute to an enrichment of the decision-making process, by a deliberation prior individuals who reflect the diversity of the population. In effect, the citizens drawn at random in the framework of the ‘Convention’ on climate have been drawn at random according to a quota system by age, sex, geography, socio-occupational category and level of study, in order to constitute a representative sample of the French population.

What is virtuous from a political point of view, it is to associate a device deliberation by a random draw, with a referendum. On a folder that is also iconic of climate change, it seems essential to me that all citizens can be, in one way or another, are led to pronounce on the proposals of the Convention.

Finally, this assembly of citizens drawn at random has a different source of legitimacy essential, it is the mandate given to him by the president of the Republic. The political force of the Convention is due, in part, on the commitment of Emmanuel Macron to pass without filter the proposals which would be derived, to submit either to the vote of Parliament, or the vote of the French by referendum. Then, my hope is that the device can be institutionalized to no longer depend on the executive power.

► ” The risk is that no one takes the decisions “

Jean-Philippe Derosier, constitutionalist, professor of public law at the university of Lille.

What is the legitimacy ? It is to be invested with a power, an authority, to make a decision, while being accepted by those to whom it is addressed. It is a double link, round-trip travel between those represented and their representatives. According to me, the citizens drawn at the Convention are not legitimate, because this link does not exist. Their designation has not been decided by the represented, therefore how can they accept therefore that they have not been chosen by the French ?

Added to this is that the selection of the citizens is not even completely the result of chance, since it was corrected by the quota system. The alleged virtues of the draw, which we present as a process of impartial, seem to me to be so outdated. These corrections statistics distort, in reality, the device. In addition, there are in the French population of people who are not at all interested in this type of experience, or environmental issues, which have been able to refuse to participate. The draw does not include this part of the population, and therefore cannot be considered as representative.

Finally, I think that the draw can be a real threat to representative democracy because it distorts the game of the responsibility. When you have a mandate for which you have been elected, this makes you responsible for your actions in front of the citizens. If this charge is your responsibility by the fact of the chance, will you be able to take decisions if things go wrong ? No, because you have not chosen to provide such a function. The responsibility is the first debt of the power to the elect, and it is necessary that the latter can be assumed. The real risk is that in a problematic situation, there is no one to justify and respond to the direction that has been taken at a given time.

What is healthy in a representative democracy is that elected officials should be accountable. They can be sanctioned by the vote of the electorate at the end of their mandate. It is this condition that ensures a back-and-forth between represented and representatives, that is why I am also opposed to the mandates, imperatives, and the idea to prohibit the elected officials to attend their re-election by limiting the accumulation of mandates over time.

In the case of this ‘convention’ on climate, of course, the final decision rests with the elected officials. It is happy and it is indispensable, but I dispute the legitimacy of these citizens to make proposals that could influence political decision-making. This seems to me not healthy because it puts these people in a situation of representativeness, then, that this is not the case : they are only representative as a result of the accident, not from an informed choice and assumed.


What truth establish, that can’t be the truth of justice ?

“That knew Marthe Robin of abuse ? “ and “The Foyers of charity are the light on the father Finet “ (The Cross of may 7) : all light originates from the Homes of charity ! We are happy to quote these Homes as the only source of information : the summary that they have made themselves a report inaccessible to a commission established by themselves, to be hosted by them, which we do not know the name of the chair, to be appointed by them. The only citations outside of the synthesis are still those of heads of Households. The only book quoted is prefaced by them and published by their publishing house. The Cross would it be that an official spokesperson of the ones you hear already ? No one can do justice himself !Yet, says the article : “Father Georges Finet (1898-1990) is guilty of acts that seriously deviant. “ The sentence is written : “Guilty “ ! But death, that is, without court, without defence, without trial, without law, without judge, without appeal, without a police investigation, in a very short time, where the charges are only carried over and automatically transformed into guilt ! It is also risk-free court : the defendant to death, no one can be accused of slander ! “Charity demands justice “ (Benedict XVI).

Formidable questions arise as to the worlds civil and religious regarding alleged victims of alleged innocents dead. What truth establish, that can’t be the truth of justice ? Depending on what method ? Who will be there to establish facts and the guilt ? A historical truth, which is entrusted to commissions of historians ? He will be able to continue to have an truth official for these known facts, of a commission almost anonymous, so that justice is done in the name of the French people ? A new law could give obligation and duty to any party, like that of the oath, or be able to be accused of false witness ?…

Marie-Hélène Gaillard, Colette Foulon and Olivier Foulon, members of the family of Marthe Robin


Déconfinement, what are the conditions for the return to the practice of sport ?

After the announcement of the déconfinement from the 11th of may, to all the sporting bodies have worked to the terms and conditions, which will be finalized at a series of meetings this Thursday, may 7, between the sports ministry and the different stakeholders.

→ LIVE – Coronavirus : the latest information in France and in the world

The tennis Federation had taken the first, editing Monday, may 4, rules for its licensees. The practice is limited to practice and to games simple, will be permitted subject to precautions to avoid the spread of the coronavirus : the players must arrive on the courts dressed and take their shower at home ; the number of bullets will be limited to six, marked with a number, allowing everyone to pick up than his.

Swimming pools reserved for champions

Tennis is by nature a sport quite simple to circumvent, as most of the individual disciplines, such as cycling or running : the practitioners of these disciplines will therefore be a great freedom from the 11 may in the public spaces allowed in function of the two areas, red or green. They will have to stick to common sense rules that are easy to apply : no races, to respect safety distances. In the event of an activity to multiple (not more than ten), they are invited to respect a distance of 10 m.

All these precepts are consistent with the recommendations of the Academy of medicine, who spoke on Tuesday, may 5, by release. But the case is less easy for swimming, including practitioners, champions and / or swimmers are occasional, are deprived of water for nearly two months. For the first, an agreement has been found between the Federation, the sports ministry and some municipalities have delegated the operation of a swimming pool to the clubs, as is the case in Nice, Montpellier or Marseille.

It is therefore directed to an opening in these cities of a few ponds for the high-level athletes, as well as basins federal Insep (Institut national du sport, expertise and performance) and Font-Romeu (Pyrénées-Orientales), which will reopen progressively. But the vast majority of public swimming pools should remain closed to the public until further order, except local. “Nothing is decided but it is expected that the closure to the public lasts at least until 15 July “, slides a part of the Federation.

Not more than ten persons per group athlete

All combat sports, where the body could facilitate contagion, remain banned. With the exception of the “softer” of them, the judo that will be allowed in the club under sanitary conditions, strict to the judokas of the top level. Practice general public could be allowed from mid-June, in small groups.

This notion of the small group is quite specific, limited in sport as in other social fields to ten people. The practice of sports club will be hosting 10 people outside. All associations, including those of team sports will be able to offer activities, respecting the distance “said the sports minister Roxana Maracineanu in a press release Wednesday 6 may.

In other words, the sports are not permitted to serve in their usual expression. The amateur clubs will not have the right to organize games of training, but they will be able to set up sessions in the open air (passes, shots, runs) to comply with the 10 metres of safety. In state-of-health requirements applicable to other sectors, such as the provision of a gel. This means that the matches between friends in public spaces (parks, forests), remain prohibited, even if the measure is difficult to enforce on a large scale.

The least number of masks possible

There remains the question of masks, which is particularly significant in a sport where breathing plays an essential role. The Academy of medicine recommends the port to make an effort, ” moderate “, such as hiking, golf or archery. Lung specialists advise against it for the practice at high intensity. “The ventilation can go from 5 litres at rest, up to 50 litres per minute at full intensity, we see that the obstacle is insurmountable “, said the professor of paediatric respirology, Bruno Crestani, vice-president of the Foundation of the breath.

According to him, the port mask is not required for the sports alone, such as running. By contrast, any collective practice, with distances barrier, according to him, almost impossible to follow, assumes a protection : “No mask for cycling or running, but if I was playing handball, of course I would put on a mask. “