This is how the trends in aesthetic surgery and medicine have changed in recent months | News

At the beginning of this -unpredictable- year, experts predicted that, in a matter of medical-aesthetic treatments, lips, double chin or facial fillers would be the focus of their work in the coming months. What they did not expect, neither they nor almost anyone, is that, a few weeks after kicking off 2020, a pandemic would arrive that would not only keep us confined for months in our homes, but would completely change the way we live and think. Personal values ​​have taken a turn for the majority of the population, but social distance and teleworking have also affected our day-to-day lives and, above all, what is our priority. How has this situation influenced trends in aesthetic medicine and surgery? Has the demand for these interventions dropped now that the mask covers a large part of our face and we hardly have social events? Several professionals in the sector explain it to us.
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Co-creator of “The Matrix” confirmed that it is an allegory of gender transition

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(CNN) Netflix posted a thread on Twitter explaining trans issues in The Matrix, after one of her co-directors confirmed earlier this week that the movie was an allegory of gender transition.

Lilly Wachowski, who co-wrote and co-directed the film with his sister Lana Wachowski, spoke to the service about the intent behind the sci-fi movie in an interview posted on YouTube this Tuesday.

Both sisters declared themselves trans several years after the release of the hit movie.

Speaking 21 years after the first installment of The Matrix hit our screens, Wachowski said that the story was “all about the desire for transformation”, adding that it came from “a closed point of view” because the business world was not ready to hear the message at the time.

“I’m glad it came to light that this was the original intention. But the world the corporate world, I wasn’t ready for itLilly said.

Also read: Keanu Reeves auction quotes for Zoom to help children with cancer

Following his comments, Netflix wrote about the allegory in a series of messages posted to Twitter on Thursday, making use of the ideas offered by writers and critics.

The thread quotes the main character of the film, Neo, as a good example of the trans narrative.

“By ‘waking up,’ Neo begins his transition from an identity — Thomas A. Anderson, a name given to him by the machines— to a name chosen by himself, Neo, the chosen one“Says a publication.

Netflix also mentions the use of pills as part of a larger allegory.

In one of the most famous scenes in the movie, the rebel leader Morpheus offers Neo a red pill or a blue pill.

Neo decides to choose red, which will allow you to see the truth, instead of blue, which will keep you in the dark.

The pill is your “gateway to see the world as it is and the systems built to define and control your identity” and it is also “a fitting metaphor for hormone therapy“Says a message in the thread.

Also read: Reveal the first images of Keanu Reeves in “Matrix 4”

Wachowski said that I was happy that people were talking about the trans narrative in the Matrix movies.

I love how meaningful those movies are to trans people. and the way they come up to me and say, ‘These movies saved my life,’ ”Wachowski told Netflix.

The next Matrix 4 will see the return of the original cast members Keanu Reeves y Carrie-Anne Moss. It will be directed by Lana Wachowski.

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WHO announces that there are 6 vaccines under development and at a very advanced stage

The World Health Organization (WHO), since the development of vaccines against the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus began, has been cautious about a process that, under normal circumstances, lasts a decade. But in this moment. the health crisis could push the pharmaceutical industries to reduce the development of a vaccine to a year or a year and a half. But today, for the first time in a long time, the WHO admitted there was hope, as six vaccines are at a very advanced stage.

The organization’s chief executive, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said three of these vaccines are under development in China, two of them in the United States (Pfizer and Moderna) and one in the United Kingdom (AstraZeneca, in collaboration with the University of Oxford). From the start of 2021, the mass production phase could begin, and therefore allow general vaccination campaigns.

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When WHO Warns of the Danger of “Vaccine Nationalism” … Page all

KOMPAS.com – World Health Organization ( WHO) has warned the world about “vaccine nationalism”.

The warning is addressed to rich countries that if they keep the care to themselves, they cannot hope to stay safe if poor countries remain exposed.

Reported The Guardian (7/8/2020), when cases of Covid-19 infection surpassed 19 million on Friday (7/8/2020), WHO Head Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said it would be in the interests of rich countries to help each country protect itself from the disease .

“Vaccine nationalism is not good, it will not help us,” Tedros told the Aspen Security Forum in the US, via video link from WHO headquarters in Geneva.

Also read: Judging from the Potential of Indonesia’s Economic Recession Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic …

“In order for the world to recover more quickly, it must recover together, because this is a globalized world where economies are intertwined with one another. Some parts of the world or some countries cannot be safe and recovering shelters,” he continued.

According to him, the damage caused by Covid-19 could be reduced if the countries that had the funds were committed to this.

Meanwhile, several countries are racing to find a vaccine for corona virus, where the disease has killed more than 700,000 people worldwide.

Also read: Predicting When the Covid-19 Pandemic in Indonesia Will End …

Predict the future

REUTERS/TOM BRENNER White shoes are displayed during a demonstration by Registered Nurses and the National Nursing Union (NNU) to commemorate their colleagues who died due to Covid-19 at the Capitol Building, Washington DC, United States (US) on July 21, 2020.

A study in the United States said 300,000 people in America could die in December if major city leaders failed to promote further measures such as wearing masks.

Additionally, a team at the University of Washington said 70,000 lives could have been saved if more people wore masks during the pandemic.

“We see rollercoaster in the us. It seems that people wear masks and stay socially distant more often as infections increase, then after a while when infections decrease, people become complacent, “said Director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), Dr Christopher JL Murray.

Also read: Japan Faces a New Chapter of the Corona Pandemic, What’s the Situation?

So far, more than 159,000 people have reportedly died in the US from Covid-19, but new daily cases have decreased in recent weeks.

IHME said infections fell in former epicenter such as Arizona, California, Florida and Texas, although there were increases in Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon and Virginia.

Not only that, more than 1 million Africans have been infected with millions of viruses that continue to spread across the continent.

In South Africa, reported infections have exceeded 529,000 cases.

Also read: Looking At How Ebola Is Helping Africa Cope With The Coronavirus …

Highest number of deaths

In this May 20, 2020 file photo, people affected by the coronavirus economic downturn receive a food package in Pretoria, South Africa.  The government's response to Covid-19 South Africa has been tainted by allegations of corruption surrounding the historic US $ 26 billion economic aid package, as the country with the fifth largest number of Covid-19 cases in the world.AP Photo / Themba Hadebe / File In this May 20, 2020 file photo, people affected by the coronavirus economic downturn receive a food package in Pretoria, South Africa. The government’s response to Covid-19 South Africa has been tainted by allegations of corruption surrounding the historic US $ 26 billion economic aid package, as the country with the fifth largest number of Covid-19 cases in the world.

This figure represents 53 percent of all infection cases in the African continent and the fifth highest in the world.

In addition, South Africa has the continent’s highest death toll at 9,604, followed by Egypt with 4,951 deaths, and Algeria with 1,273 deaths.

Meanwhile, deaths due to Covid-19 in Mexico have passed 50,000 cases.

Also read: Increasing 2,473 Cases in a Day, Here are 10 Provinces with the Highest Covid-19 Cases

The Mexican Health Ministry reported an additional 6,590 confirmed new coronavirus infections and 818 deaths as of Thursday (6/8/2020).

From that increase, the total cases of corona virus infection in Mexico became 462,690 cases and 50,517 deaths.

In Brazil, a country that has been preparing to mark a milestone for Covid-19, there have been more than 100,000 deaths.

Also read: US research reveals bald men are at higher risk of contracting Covid-19

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro urged his citizens to stay alive.

In addition, the Chinese Health Authority recorded 37 new coronavirus cases in 24 hours to midnight on Thursday (6/8/2020).

A number of countries in Europe have reported a much sharper increase in cases.

Also read: WHO Affirms Covid-19 Vaccine Will Not Be Available Before the End of 2021

Germany recorded more than 1,000 new infections in the 24 hours to midnight on Thursday.

Ireland has seen an increase since last Thursday and has identified a number of clusters of infection in meat factories and accommodation for asylum seekers.

Meanwhile cases in Greece have passed 5,000 in what authorities have called a “wake-up week”.

Also read: See, Here Are 10 Prevention Ways to Avoid Corona Virus


KOMPAS.com/Akbar Bhayu Tamtomo
Infographic: Level of Activity Risk during the Covid-19 Pandemic

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Miguel Herrán: “Money has not made me happy, it has dirtied me as a person” | ICON

Up to the sky It begins as a social drama when Ángel (Miguel Herrán) looks at the skyscrapers of Chamartín from his neighborhood and exclaims: “Surely from there we look like ants.” But it becomes a frenetic thriller action (or what was formerly called a americanada) when Ángel turns to organized crime to get to the top. “His ambition is excessive, he doesn’t conform and he always wants more,” explains the actor. “When he steals five million euros, the option of laundering them and losing half is, in his head, a mediocre life. And he realizes that the sky has no limit ”. The paper house already glorified the rebellion of the poor who rob the rich not to overthrow the system, but to place themselves on top of it, and Miguel Herrán has become famous (14 million people follow on Instagram, the population of a medium-sized country) interpreting ants with elephant pretenses. River in The paper house got into a love robbery, Christian in Elite he went where it was necessary for fame. But what does Miguel feel from up there? Among other things, envy of ants.

“I get money from Instagram, obviously, because you’re an asshole if you don’t take advantage of it. Right now, the prime time television has fewer viewers than Ester Exposito’s Instagram “

The story of its origins is too cinematic to be true and too raw to be invented. “I was the typical kid what. He didn’t want to work, he didn’t want to study. Back then I would go out a lot, I would spend many nights out with colleagues, and on one of those we ran into Dani [Guzmán, director de su debut A cambio de nada]. He offered us the film and I told him that it was made for free, my only motivation was to laugh and hesitate to the architect of There is no one living here at three in the morning. I didn’t know what a casting and he hardly understood the word ‘face-to-face’, he remembers. To the first casting He presented himself “with a peach hit” (“it was a dark room in a basement, I thought they were going to rape us”), the second “high”, the third he did not go and the fourth appeared “in a dubious way.” But since Guzmán did not stop giving him opportunities, Herrán decided to take something seriously for the first time in his life. The happy ending is that he ended up winning a Goya at age 19 (which he thanked Guzmán: “You have given me a life, Daniel”) and signing for the two most famous Spanish series in the world.

Herrán has commented that she would like to tell the life of her mother in a film, because she admires that she never threw in the towel before a son “very bastard, a true son of a bitch” and before a people that rejected her for being a single mother. “If I tell you the things I did before, it would not fit you with the person I am now. She hated life, she hated the world. I had a way of being quite a bitch and at the moment I am afraid to tell it, because I did things that I am not proud of. I would get up, look at myself in the mirror and I didn’t like how he was, or what he did, or how he treated people, or how I treated myself, ”he reveals. This self-destructive character, for which he confesses that he came to think that if he were dead everything would improve, found in the interpretation a motivation to get out of bed in the morning. The self-esteem, however, is still a work in progress: from not wanting to be present, Herrán has gone to not knowing how to be present.



Miguel Herrán wears Prada.

“It is hard for me to be here and now. I am always thinking about what to do next, without enjoying the moment. I do a lot of things throughout the day and I’m not into any. I want to be able to be in this interview without wondering what consequences my answers will have, “he admits,” That’s why I like extreme sports, because in those moments I feel alive. When I am descending a mountain with the bike or the motorcycle I know that if I am not aware of the contact of the wheel with the ground, how I am going to fall or the suspension I am going to get a host. And I do not want to put a host “. That is already a step forward. The other pending issue for Miguel Herrán is managing the vigorexia he suffered in adolescence, when his friends nicknamed him “Conan the Barbarian”, and which still haunts him when he looks in the wrong mirror.

“I have noticed that people think that my life is cock, that I have fucked Ester Expósito and Úrsula Corberó, and that I cannot complain. The money has not made me happy, it has given me more worries”

“Every summer is the talk with my colleagues: how is my body, if I am bigger or more defined. And I always tell them that the sad thing is that they with their belly and their beers are ten times happier with their body than I am, ”he laments. Sometimes you feel like you’ve lost muscle overnight. “It all depends on the head,” he says. And of the light, of course. And of the light! I didn’t want to say it so as not to sound freaky, but I have mirrors in which I am forbidden to look at myself with certain lights because I know I am going to obsess. It is a continuous obsession, because once you start you don’t stop. When I travel by motorcycle I carry a suitcase with weights. And during quarantine I bought myself a TRX, a bench, and more weights. I gained five kilos of muscle, but at the end of the confinement I said ‘fuck it’. I have an obsession, but I’m not an asshole either. There have been times when I have not been able to control it. In The paper house There came a time when if I stooped my monkey would burst. They asked me to stop and I told them it’s okay, but I wouldn’t stop. When they told me that I was older, I replied that it was his perception, ”he confesses.

When the filming of Up to the sky Miguel stopped working out for the first time in a decade. Because his project of being comfortable in his own skin involves getting him to stop caring so much about the approval of others. When last year he published a video on Instagram in which he left crying without saying a word, his fans insisted on rescuing him just as Tokyo rescued him in The paper house. Meanwhile, the media showed a concern that attracted so many clicks as speculations about his emotional state. As if speculation was required. He himself tells it with total peace of mind to anyone who wants to listen to it: “I wanted to show that when nobody sees me I have my problems, I have noticed that people think that my life is cock, that I have fucked Ester Exposito and Úrsula Corberó, and that I cannot complain. Money has not made me happy It has taken away a lot of happiness and has given me more worries than when I didn’t have it. It has made me more ambitious. Money has made me dirty as a person. I do not value it. In the rest I am the same or worse ”, he clarifies.

Actor Miguel Herrán, like the devil, wears Prada.


Actor Miguel Herrán, like the devil, wears Prada.

Money also allows him to choose projects without pressure – doing things without pressure is what Miguel Herrán needs the most right now – which makes him feel lucky because he has seen how other actors his age worked reluctantly because their families exploited them. “I get money from Instagram, obviously, because you’re an asshole if you don’t take advantage of it,” he declares. “Right now, the prime time television has fewer viewers than Ester Exposito’s Instagram. Netflix gave us two iPhones and two cameras to create content while filming [de Élite]” In one of her stories recent, Herrán recorded a paparazzo That I was chasing him so he would know what it feels like.

This constant exposure is implicit in the public image of all the actors of his generation, although sometimes it gets out of hand like on that occasion when Herrán had to interpret a scene with a partner who gave him the reply, outside of camera, while looking at the mobile. “It is a yoke that we put on, needing the acceptance of the more people the better. As I have had moments of becoming addicted and of waking up badly if I did not have the likes that I wanted to have, one day I took it and said, with all the affection of my heart: ‘Come on and screw it up’. My life is my life and I can’t be trying to please everyone. It’s not my job, I don’t like it, I don’t enjoy it ”. And, of course, one of the few things that Miguel Herrán is clear about is that what he most wants is to enjoy himself.

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Corona Virus Cases in Young People Increasing, What Should Be Done?

KOMPAS.com – World Health Organization ( WHO) mention, the number of cases Covid-19 among youngsters during the last five months has increased.

According to WHO, 15 percent of the 6 million cases that occurred in the period from late February to mid-June 2020 occurred in the age group between 15-24 years.

“We have said before, and we will say again, young people are not vulnerable,” said WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, as reported Kompas.com, Friday (7/8/2020).

He said young people could catch it, risking death, and transmitting the virus to others.

Health experts assess that the younger generation tends to choose not to wear masks and apply social distancing.

In addition, they have always been working, traveling for recreational purposes such as visiting bars or shopping.

Also read: World Corona Virus Update August 7: 19.2 Million Cases | Trump Says Vaccines May Be Available Before the Presidential Election

With this WHO warning, what should young people do?

Epidemiologist from Griffith University Dicky Budiman said that young people tend to ignore health protocols.

“Many of these young people are still ignorant. Hang out too, ”said Dicky, when contacted Kompas.com, Friday (7/8/2020).

He reminded that young people infected with Covid-19 could have a risk to long-term health quality even though they are without symptoms.

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In the best of scenarios, the world will only return to normal in two or three years, says Guterres | Covid-19

The Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres, believes that, in the most optimistic scenario, in which developed countries are able to organize themselves and prevent second waves of the pandemic, the world will only return to normal in two or three years.

At worst, the lack of a coordinated response would result in “a disaster for the southern hemisphere and generate a second wave in the north with dire economic consequences” and a “global depression of five to seven years”.

In an interview published in this Saturday’s edition of the newspaper The country, António Guterres says he is convinced that, at some point, the origin of the covid-19 pandemic will have to be investigated, the way it spread so quickly and how the World Health Organization (WHO), countries and other entities responded .

Guterres understands that, although WHO may have made some mistakes in the beginning of the pandemic, it did not try to help China “hide the reality”.

“What I can say is that I know the people of WHO and they are not being controlled by any country. They have always acted in good faith to obtain the best possible cooperation from the member states ”, says the UN secretary general.

António Guterres admits that there may have been some mistakes, but he says he does not believe that WHO has tried to help China hide the reality.

“I think the Organization wanted to have a good relationship with China at the beginning of the pandemic. I wanted to ensure that China cooperated ”, he stresses.

In a joint interview with three European newspapers (Die Welt, La Tribune de Genève and El País), António Guterres highlights that “the relationship between the United States, China and Russia is more dysfunctional than ever” and gives the EU a vital role to avoid a world order dominated by Washington and Beijing.

“We need global leadership, because if not, we cannot respond effectively to challenges such as those of a pandemic. But unfortunately, where there is power, there is no leadership, and where there is leadership, there is a lack of power ”, the UN Secretary-General also points out in this interview.

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Covid-19: Sweden complains of WHO “error”, which indicates it as a country with “accelerated transmission” | Coronavirus

Sweden did not like to be included in a list of 11 countries in which “accelerated transmission” of SARS-CoV-2 infections “not only led to a significant resurgence, but, if left unattended, will again lead to health on the verge of rupture in Europe, ”according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Sweden is mentioned alongside Armenia, Moldova, North Macedonia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine and Kosovo.

The person responsible for monitoring the pandemic in Sweden, Anders Tegnell, classified the inclusion on the list as a “complete error” on the part of WHO, who did not take into account, he argued, that the number of tests has increased a lot, and this has also led to the detection greater number of infections. The Swedish healthcare system, he stressed, has never been on the brink of rupture and still is not.

WHO had previously come to speak of Sweden as a model for countries that were beginning to get out of confinement. Emergency expert Mike Ryan said at the end of April that “if we think we have to have a new normal, Sweden can be a model if we want to return to a society without confinement”.

Hans Henri Kluge, the WHO’s regional director for Europe, has now joined Sweden with countries that “are at risk of resurgence while adjusting measures.”

Anders Tegnell underlined to Swedish public radio that “the number of cases has increased since we started testing a lot more, last week”, and added: “we can look at all the other parameters that we measure, which is how many serious cases we have, and are decreasing ”.

The Swedish approach has led to much criticism, some accepted by Tegnell, who says that more measures should have been taken to protect the elderly. Along with the criticisms (the American daily New York Times said recently that the country is experiencing what it is like to be a “pariah state”), Stockholm’s policy has also been taken as an example by those who refuse isolation and confinement measures.

The country has the highest death rates per capita de covid-19, but Tegnell and other officials have argued that comparisons of both the number of infected and dead can only be made at the end of the pandemic.

According to Johns Hopkins University (USA), which compiles data from health authorities around the world, Sweden recorded 65,000 infections and 5280 deaths (alongside, Norway recorded 8,828 infections and 249 deaths).

There are several countries that started with good control, such as Israel, but where there are outbreaks and a significant increase in cases. In other countries, the WHO says that although there are outbreaks, they are being controlled, as in Germany or Italy.

The Swedish Government had promised an inquiry into the management of the pandemic when it ended, but announced that it would start doing so before that.

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Is a second wave of coronavirus coming to Europe? – Present

European epidemiologists warn which countries should start preparing for a second wave of covid-19.

The covid-19 outbreak is far from over. The World Health Organization (WHO) points out that it is not long before the 10 million infected people are reached worldwide and there are even countries where the rate of new cases has increased again in recent weeks as restrictions are being lifted. One of the most worrying cases is Germany, but the country.

The second wave of SARS-CoV-2 has been mentioned even before most European countries have reached the peak of the outbreak internally, but no one has ever been able to predict when it would arrive, with the most consensus opinion that it should arrive after summer. But now there are those who say that this second wave may come during the summer months.

The scientific community defines the “wave” – ​​albeit informally – in comparison with the waves of the sea. If the natural waves are counted from the moment the descent of water is replaced by a sudden flood. In the case of viruses, the end of the first “wave” is counted when a peak is reached and then it moves to a situation in which the pandemic is minimally controlled. When there is a systematic increase in cases again, the second wave is mentioned.

Even with a few hundred cases appearing every day in Portugal, a second wave could be talked about, according to researchers from the National Institute of Health Ricardo Jorge. “Since the first Covid-19 case notified in Portugal, the country remains in an epidemic situation”, however, in the region of Lisbon and Vale do Tejo (LVT) “the trend and the magnitude of the values ​​of the epidemic curve do not allow us exclude – or conclude unequivocally – from a second phase of growth “, the researchers told Lusa.

The researchers say that the containment measures adopted led to a reduction in the rate of transmission of the infection in the community, but did not eliminate the circulation of the virus, allowing “flattening of the epidemic curve”, which is consistent with the continuous occurrence of new cases of disease over time. Hence it is not yet possible to speak of a new wave in Lisbon, but rather the continuation of the first wave of cases. The truth is that Portugal has had more than 700 cases per day (it had up to one day with almost 1,500 new infections) and currently it has been normally above 350, but below 400, with some variations.

However, there are countries that have had the outbreak under control and are now grappling with a large increase in cases. Iran, for example, which lifted restrictions in April, returned to around 3,000 cases a day in the past month after reaching less than 1,000 a day.

Germany is also preparing for a possible second wave after an outbreak in a slaughterhouse in the town of Gütersloh, which has been in confinement since Tuesday. The company had more than 1,500 positive cases of covid-19. However, the German government says it is acting quickly to control the outbreak and this Friday the number of new cases has decreased again, as well as the rate of contagion which stands at 0.59, after having been above 1 , 01 this week. Portugal and Switzerland also have an index above 1.0. But in Germany, new cases increased by 36.7%, while in Switzerland, they were 15.1% compared to the previous week.

The difference is that Portugal has already announced new restrictive measures (mainly in the Greater Lisbon region, where a new outbreak has been reported) and these two other European countries are resisting this decision, trying to control the outbreak without resorting to general confinement.

Maurizio Cecconi, a doctor at the Humanitas University Hospital in Milan, Italy, told the Euronews: “We are ready for second wave patients. What happened at the beginning of the epidemic is that we were taken by surprise”.

In an open letter published in the British Medical Journal, British experts alerted the government of that country to the evidence that indicates that local outbreaks are increasingly likely and a second wave a real risk “.

Jozef Kesecioglu, president of the European Society for Intensive Care Medicine, believes that the second wave is not as serious as the first and says that there is a plan, both at the level of national governments, local governments and hospitals for extra beds .

INSA researchers say that the likelihood of new epidemic waves may be influenced by external factors that favor the spread of the virus, or by the occurrence of genetic changes in the virus that increase its transmission capacity in the human population. “For example, other respiratory viruses, such as the flu virus, circulate with epidemic expression in the autumn and winter months, but it is not yet known whether this will be the case for SARS-CoV-2”, they add.

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Is a second wave of coronavirus coming to Europe? – Present

European epidemiologists warn which countries should start preparing for a second wave of covid-19.

The covid-19 outbreak is far from over. The World Health Organization (WHO) points out that it is not long before the 10 million infected people are reached worldwide and there are even countries where the rate of new cases has increased again in recent weeks as restrictions are being lifted. One of the most worrying cases is Germany, but the country.

The second wave of SARS-CoV-2 has been mentioned even before most European countries have reached the peak of the outbreak internally, but no one has ever been able to predict when it would arrive, with the most consensus opinion that it should arrive after summer. But now there are those who say that this second wave may come during the summer months.

The scientific community defines the “wave” – ​​albeit informally – in comparison with the waves of the sea. If the natural waves are counted from the moment the descent of water is replaced by a sudden flood. In the case of viruses, the end of the first “wave” is counted when a peak is reached and then it moves to a situation in which the pandemic is minimally controlled. When there is a systematic increase in cases again, the second wave is mentioned.

Even with a few hundred cases appearing every day in Portugal, a second wave could be talked about, according to researchers from the National Institute of Health Ricardo Jorge. “Since the first Covid-19 case notified in Portugal, the country remains in an epidemic situation”, however, in the region of Lisbon and Vale do Tejo (LVT) “the trend and the magnitude of the values ​​of the epidemic curve do not allow us exclude – or conclude unequivocally – from a second phase of growth “, the researchers told Lusa.

The researchers say that the containment measures adopted led to a reduction in the rate of transmission of the infection in the community, but did not eliminate the circulation of the virus, allowing “flattening of the epidemic curve”, which is consistent with the continuous occurrence of new cases of disease over time. Hence it is not yet possible to speak of a new wave in Lisbon, but rather the continuation of the first wave of cases. The truth is that Portugal has had more than 700 cases per day (it had up to one day with almost 1,500 new infections) and currently it has been normally above 350, but below 400, with some variations.

However, there are countries that have had the outbreak under control and are now grappling with a large increase in cases. Iran, for example, which lifted restrictions in April, returned to around 3,000 cases a day in the past month after reaching less than 1,000 a day.

Germany is also preparing for a possible second wave after an outbreak in a slaughterhouse in the town of Gütersloh, which has been in confinement since Tuesday. The company had more than 1,500 positive cases of covid-19. However, the German government says it is acting quickly to control the outbreak and this Friday the number of new cases has decreased again, as well as the rate of contagion which stands at 0.59, after having been above 1 , 01 this week. Portugal and Switzerland also have an index above 1.0. But in Germany, new cases increased by 36.7%, while in Switzerland, they were 15.1% compared to the previous week.

The difference is that Portugal has already announced new restrictive measures (mainly in the Greater Lisbon region, where a new outbreak has been reported) and these two other European countries are resisting this decision, trying to control the outbreak without resorting to general confinement.

Maurizio Cecconi, a doctor at the Humanitas University Hospital in Milan, Italy, told the Euronews: “We are ready for second wave patients. What happened at the beginning of the epidemic is that we were taken by surprise”.

In an open letter published in the British Medical Journal, British experts alerted the government of that country to the evidence that indicates that local outbreaks are increasingly likely and a second wave a real risk “.

Jozef Kesecioglu, president of the European Society for Intensive Care Medicine, believes that the second wave is not as serious as the first and says that there is a plan, both at the level of national governments, local governments and hospitals for extra beds .

INSA researchers say that the likelihood of new epidemic waves may be influenced by external factors that favor the spread of the virus, or by the occurrence of genetic changes in the virus that increase its transmission capacity in the human population. “For example, other respiratory viruses, such as the flu virus, circulate with epidemic expression in the autumn and winter months, but it is not yet known whether this will be the case for SARS-CoV-2”, they add.

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