In South Korea, salaries of white collar workers and job titles in his 60s can often be predicted at the university they attended. The jostling begins for a job in kindergarten, with some wealthy parents spending thousands of dollars a month on private teaching to help their children get spots in preschool schools and in top universities.
Well connected families often resort to tactical action to get their children into the top universities, for example helping them to land popular internships by large corporations, research teams and university laboratories, which offer opportunities for credit for research papers.
Inspections by universities of the Ministry of Education have been carried out by universities from 2017 in respect of 794 research papers listing secondary school pupils or high school pupils as co-authors, including at least 11 in which professors nominated their own children as co-authors. When economists from Seoul National University compared the two boroughs of Seoul in 2014, they found that children from the richer borough were 20 times more likely to enter university, the most popular country, than children from the other side.
Television dramas and films from South Korea, such as the latest film of Bong Joon Ho, “Parasite”, attracted a huge audience through the differences between the so-called gold spoons and dirt peers who are not as good .
“South Korean millennials consider the fairness of the most important value – a view that older generations did not understand,” said Ahn Byong-jin, a political scientist at Kyung Hee University in Seoul. As the economy deteriorated and attractive jobs are harder to come, they are more sensitive to “the fair rules of the game,” said Mr Ahn.
The case brought down by President Park – which led to the first such impediment in South Korean history – was an example of this, and began when Ewha Woman University students in Seoul began organizing rallies in face its governments in 2016.
The students learned that Choi Soon-sil, a secret friend of Ms Park, used her influence with the president to put Ewha in place to register her daughter, Chung Yoo-ra, in 2015. candidates with better qualifications. Ewha's professors gave Ms Chung good grades, although she later said that she only knew what she had because she rarely attended classes.