Justin Trudeau won a tough election in Canada, but a coalition will need it for control

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After a six-week campaign that raised crucial questions about Canadian cultural identity and difficult questions about his prime minister's personal identity, second-term voters gave Justin Trudeau here – although they put the leader out of the majority in Parliament he removed enjoyed the last four years.

Preliminary polls in a tight election indicated that Trudeau's Liberals and his Conservative competitors would not take a majority in Parliament, although it was confirmed that the prime minister was the winner due to his early working for a regulated coalition government. The New Democratic Party that sits with the Liberals has certainly left.

Trudeau enters into this commitment with reduced support in Parliament and therefore has reduced power and viability in the politics of the country if it and the new Democratic leader Jagmeet Singh reach a control agreement; there was significant erosion of Liberal support in Quebec and Liberal erosion spread throughout the country, including in Atlantic Canada and Ontario.

Compatible with the rejection of the Liberals to some extent by gains from the Conservatives, whose leader, Andrew Scheer, failed to promote a leadership profile that was sufficiently vigorous to tackle Trudeau chastened.

At the same time, the broad contours of potential new conflicts in Canadian politics emerged.

The Quebecois Block increase shows that it distributed support from Trudeau's party in the nation's renamed province in Quebec, a condition that was for and for a hundred or more an important but difficult factor in Canadian federal politics. The simultaneous rise of the New Democratic Party suggests that politics here can leave a sharp turn if Trudeau and Singh reach their potential agreement to enable the prime minister to retain power.

In that case, the Liberal elite government would begin to accommodate Trudeau's most likely coalition partners – no formal signed agreement will be necessary – and agree to the next few months and possibly years with New Democrats' inclination or demands. . confidence that a new election could be quickly called.

In short, more parts are moving to Canadian politics today than yesterday. In fact, some of the moving parts have more power than they had yesterday, and perhaps more power than the larger parts today.

But in the meantime, the Trudeau, 47 years of age, remains a prime minister and retains his Cabinet appointments to portfolios. This confirms that the adverse impact on government operations does not follow and that the sitting officers represent Canada's interests abroad.

It is not clear how long it will take to resolve the final content and character of the next Canadian government even if it is clear that the New Democrats will engage with the Liberals and produce a majority. Israel voted on 17 September, no party won a majority, and there is no doubt about the composition of the new government in Jerusalem – the uncertainty that is seen here in a continent, and the stakes of the world, are the world's tenth largest economy. the recast of the North American Free Trade Agreement involving the United States and Mexico.

The publicity maneuver continues a campaign in which the apparent assurances (the concept, for example, that Canada's winning card was still 'Evening Routes' and Trudeau) (the amount, for example, Singh's personal appeal). (b) affected Trudeau's disadvantage, especially when reports (and photographs) of the young Trudeau emerged in a window and in a brown surface, the only factor remained unchanged than personality. Scheer, who started the campaign as information and ended it as one of the least interesting leadership candidates at contemporary times.

In fact, one of the major features, unquoted of the campaign was that a large number of people wanted to prevent Scheer getting up to the prime ministers – and wanted a large number of people to prevent Trudeau. stay there. From coast to coast, there was a general competition for the campaign and the candidates, and at various points in the competition, both large parties seemed to support leaching.

He was the son of the late Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau and he had a winning personality and an exciting rhetoric when he became leader of the country, Trudeau was at the heart of a scandal involving improper political interference involved in justice, he did pledges to tackle injustices that indigenous people of Canada had found impossible to meet, and bought a pipeline working to combat climate change and put in place a carbon tax that was very worrying Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

He won more than loyalty to this surface contradiction and began a new alienation boom in Western Canada – a development that echoed the rebellion made by his father Lord with his National Energy Program in 1980.

As well as the scientists associated with the government in Ottawa, newcomers were emerging on Monday night under the role of Quebec in the Canadian federation.

The Bloc's strong performance and extreme campaign performance offers its leader, Yves-Francoise Blanchet, Quebec back at a controversial Canadian politics venue.

Blanchet and his provincial equivalent, Premier Francois Legault, are not threatening a new push that is about to separate with Quebec, but the Block's boom shows that there are issues of language conservation and francophone cultures – as well as compensation for dairy farmers t the province, whose interests are threatened. in line with the new trade agreement with Mexico and the US – it will have a new force.

But one of the stories in this election is that the results will have a particular effect on extending the Canadian campaign season rather than completing it. While no formal campaign will be undertaken, all parties will remain on a campaign basis, as they know that the new government will be vulnerable, that a new election may come at any time, and their political tools may become they need as early as 12 to 18 months from now on.

Shribman is a special correspondent.

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