Bisnis.com, JAKARTA – Respiratory infections are common in winter, including the flu.
People of all age groups are equally susceptible to it. But the risk of severity and hospitalization is high in those with autoimmune conditions and obesity.
Even people on the verge of obesity can catch a severe cold in this season and the reason is the excess fat stored in the body.
Storage of fat in the body is not bad for health if proportionate. Too much can weaken your immune system and make you more susceptible to seasonal infections like the flu.
Obese and overweight people not only develop severe symptoms but are also more likely to spread the infection to others they come into contact with.
Viral infections are transmitted to others when an infected person releases the pathogen when talking, sneezing or coughing. Even when they don’t show any symptoms, they can transfer the pathogen to other people. This whole process is known as viral shedding. The shedding rate is higher at the onset of viral infection.
A study showed that obese people shed the virus for a longer time than healthy people and in higher amounts. That means those around them are more susceptible to infection.
The only way to protect yourself is to take some healthy actions. Taking precautions is even more important at this time when we still have the fear of COVID-19 infection, which may get worse in winter. Here are some things you should do to stay healthy.
1. Follow healthy hygiene habits
Wash hands with soap and water and use a tissue when coughing and sneezing. These are some basic hygiene habits that everyone should follow.
2. Eat healthy
It is very important for obese and overweight people to lose extra fat and get fit to stay a long life without disease. Cut down on processed foods and include a more balanced diet in your daily routine.
Try to stay physically active, whether you do this by going to the gym or doing light exercises at home. Include both cardio strength training exercises to burn fat.
4. Get the flu shot
It is better to get the annual flu shot beforehand to reduce the risk of severe infection. It is necessary for all.
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