Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara, 78, was re-elected for a controversial third term on the score of 94.27% of the vote in the first round, the opposition having boycotted the ballot, according to the results proclaimed by the Independent Electoral Commission ( CEI) Tuesday at dawn.
The opposition, which considers this new mandate “unconstitutional” and no longer recognizes Ouattara as president, announced Monday that it had created a “National Transitional Council” to form a “transitional government”. Many Ivorians fear further violence; around 40 people have been killed since August, including at least 9 since the vote on Saturday.
On Tuesday, the European Union “took note of the announcement of the provisional results” and expressed “its deep concern about the tensions, provocations and incitement to hatred which prevailed and continue to persist in the country around this election. “.
According to figures from the CEI, the turnout, an important issue in this election due to the boycott of the opposition, is 53.90%.
Opposition activists, who had called for “civil disobedience”, having ransacked or blocked around 5,000 polling stations, 17,601 offices of 22,381 offices were able to open, according to the CEI.
Independent candidate Kouadio Konan Bertin is second with 1.99% of the vote, ahead of the two other candidates who called for a boycott, former President Henri Konan Bédié (1.66%) and ex-Prime Minister Pascal Affi N ‘Guessan (0.99%).
The CEI has three days to transmit these results to the Constitutional Council, which has seven days to validate them or not.
Elected in 2010, re-elected in 2015, Alassane Ouattara announced in March that he was giving up a new candidacy, before changing his mind in August, following the death of his designated dolphin, Prime Minister Amadou Gon Coulibaly.
The Ivorian fundamental law provides for a maximum of two terms, but the Constitutional Council estimated that with the new Constitution adopted in 2016, the presidential term counter was reset to zero. What the opposition disputes.
“For our children”
On Monday evening, former President Bédié wrote on Twitter: “My residence was attacked by heavy weapons fire. Simultaneously, the residences of members of the opposition … were also attacked.”
“We were with President Bédié. We heard eight shots. It was very loud. The windows shook,” confirmed Maurice Kakou Guikahué, number two of the main opposition movement.
If the observation mission of the African Union considers that “the election took place in an overall satisfactory manner”, the Carter Center, a foundation created by the former President of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jimmy Carter , is much more critical: “The political and security context did not allow the organization of a competitive and credible election”.
Thousands of Ivorians had left the big cities, anticipating unrest, ten years after the crisis that followed the 2010 presidential election, killing 3,000.
These events in Côte d’Ivoire, the world’s largest cocoa producer, raise fears of a new crisis in a region hit by jihadist attacks in the Sahel, and recently shaken by a putsch in Mali, a contested election in Guinea and a protest movement among youth in Nigeria.