Cell phone business in Colombia is boosted with the arrival of the Chinese giant Vivo – Business – Economy


Colombia became the first country in the Americas in which the Asian cell phone company Vivo began its expansion, after more than 9 years of operations in the smartphone industry in the world. in which it is already the fifth largest manufacturer of these communication equipment and the third most important in the mobile device business in Southeast Asia and India, according to spokespersons for the firm.

(Read also: Colombians rush to pay credit and are borrowing less)

Since last friday two of the versions of its equipment (Y 50 and Y 30) are part of the offer of mobile equipment that can be obtained in chain stores such as Éxito, Falabella and Alkosto, Juan Camilo Velandia, Manager of Vivo Colombia Retail Channel, said, who also said that they are equipment that is available to anyone, since their cost ranges between 782,900 pesos and 1’190,000 pesos.

The Y50, for example, is ultra-fast and smooth with 8GB of RAM; 128 GB of internal memory, a 5,000 milliamp (mAH) battery, which allows an autonomy of two days in normal use of the device and the possibility of reverse charging.

This equipment has an improved full HD plus screen of 16 megapixels; It incorporates four cameras, a front one, a wide-angle and a micro lens that allows photos with more details and sharpness, as well as a fingerprint sensor on the back of the equipment for better handling.

Why Colombia?

There were five attributes of the country that led its directors worldwide to choose Colombia as their starting point for their expansion in the Americas, even despite the current global pandemic situation.

(You may be interested in: Calima Shopping Center in Bogotá passes into the hands of Mallplaza)

Indeed, because Colombia has the third highest consumption in the region; a robust population (50 million inhabitants); good macroeconomic figures, which even in the midst of the pandemic allow a better growth dynamic compared to its peers; strategic geographic location, to the extent that it is in the center of the americas and a greater percentage of its population with mobile devices, Vivo’s directives will lean towards the country to debut in Latin America.

“There are many reasons why we have set ourselves in this country to create and contribute in a joint effort”, said Jingbo Long, president of vivo Colombia, for whom Colombians need new consumer options, since the number and proportion of mobile phone companies in the country has remained static for a long time.

“We identified that the top five smartphone brands have 70 percent of the market share,” Long said.

There are many reasons why we have set ourselves in this country to create and contribute in a joint effort

I live, say their directives in Colombia, Not only does it come with technological support, through a service center that is about to open in Bogotá, but it also has its own call center, in which technical advice is provided to users of the brand.

“Innovation and development are Vivo’s spearheads, they are the basis to the point that 80 percent of the company’s investment goes to these areas. This means that our equipment is in high demand in the countries where we are present and where we do not compete for prices but for quality, “says Juan Camilo Velandia.

(Read also: Inflation in July was the lowest in six and a half years)

He also commented that They do not expect to win the market by entering a price war in the country and that the goal they have planned for this year is between 5 and 10 percent of cell phone sales in the stores where they are offering their equipment.

“For the medium term, our goal is to be among the three best-selling cell phone brands in the country,” said the manager, who said that As the brand is positioned, new mid- and high-end products, as well as accessories, will be added to their portfolio of offers. for your equipment that are among the latest generation products.

Currently, the company, whose headquarters are in Dongguam (China), and its technology is supported by nine Research and Development centers in Shenzhen, Dongguan, Nanjing, Beijing, Hangzhou, Shanghai, Taipei, Tokyo and San Diego.

By: Economy and Business

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Dr Fauci hopes for tens of millions of vaccine doses by 2021

Published on :

The immunologist says he is “cautiously optimistic” about the progress of research around a vaccine against Covid-19, adding that a strict “re-containment” in the United States does not seem necessary.

The vaccine race continues. The government of Donald Trump announced on Wednesday August 5 a new investment of one billion dollars in the vaccine project against Covid-19 from the pharmaceutical company Johnson & Johnson. The group had already received at the end of March 456 million dollars. The new billion will fund a demonstration project of large-scale manufacturing of its experimental vaccine, with the promised delivery of 100 million doses, if the vaccine proves effective.

Provided the vaccines are licensed, the United States could theoretically get 100 million doses from four groups (Johnson & Johnson, Novavax, Pfizer / BioNTech, Sanofi / GSK) and 300 million doses from Oxford / AstraZeneca. This latest alliance, in negotiations with other countries, notably provides for 400 million doses for the European Union.

But the race for the vaccine requires launching production in parallel with clinical trials and potentially at a loss, even before knowing whether the vaccine is effective. In the United States, the last phase of clinical trials was launched at the end of July, a record time “which would have been unthinkable a decade ago,” said Wednesday Anthony Fauci, who heads the Institute of Infectious Diseases running the trial, in an exchange hosted by Harvard.

>> To read also: United States: immunologist and Trump critic, Dr. Fauci targeted by the alt-right

The doctor hopes to recruit 30,000 participants within three months, half of whom will receive a placebo. We will then have to wait to see if the placebo group is naturally more infected with Covid-19 than the vaccinated group. “My estimate, which is only an estimate, is that by the end of the year or early 2021, we will know if we have a safe and effective vaccine,” Dr Fauci assured.

“I am cautiously optimistic about our success,” he added, due to the immune response generated by the vaccine in trials on a small number of volunteers since March. “Historically, if we develop a vaccine with a moderate to high degree of effectiveness, and if we combine it with prudent public health measures, we should put [cette crise] behind us, ”he adds.

Refinement deemed unnecessary, according to Dr Fauci

Regarding the course of the epidemic, the immunologist said on Wednesday that he did not believe that a “re-containment” would be necessary in the United States. “It is neither necessary to completely confine, nor on the contrary to release all the brakes. There is a happy medium where one can open [l’économie et les relations sociales] with caution, “he said in an interview with Reuters.

The US government has also spent billions on building production sites, on companies making syringes and vials that will be needed to distribute the future vaccine, not to mention support for the development of treatments.

>> Read also on France24.com: Covid-19: remdesivir, an antiviral treatment called desire?

The United States thus bought almost all of the production of antiviral drug remdesivir until September, the first to have demonstrated a relative benefit for Covid-19 patients.

With AFP and Reuters

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Mississippi to Drop Flag of Slavery States

Mississippi is the last American state whose flag still bears the colors of the slave states opposed to the North during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Part of the state banner is occupied by the 13-star blue cross on a red background of the Confederate states, a racist symbol in the eyes of many Americans.

The mobilizations that followed the death of George Floyd revived the debate on the legacy of the American Civil War and the elected officials of Mississippi voted, Saturday June 27, by a very clear majority in favor of a new flag.

A strong majority in both rooms

The presence of this Confederate heritage in official symbols has, for decades, been the subject of debate in Mississippi and, more broadly, in the South. In 2001, Georgia had changed its flag, but the voters of Mississippi had strongly opposed, the same year, the same initiative, in a referendum – 64% for the status quo against 36%.

→ REPORTAGE. Camden, the American city that reinvented its police

Mississippi, where 38% of the population is African-American, is therefore the last state to wear the “rebel” colors. But the wave of mobilization linked to the death of George Floyd also affected the cities of the South and revived the debate on the statues of the southern generals and on the Confederate symbols.

Numerous institutions (university, sports, economic, religious …) called to turn the page, and the debate won the Capitol of Jackson, capital of Mississippi. Saturday, June 27, the two chambers, although dominated by the Republicans (36 elected out of 52 in the Senate; 74 out of 122 in the House of Representatives), adopted by a large majority – more than 2/3 – a resolution calling for the development of a new flag.

Mississippi, a symbol of racism in the South in the 20th century

While no southern state has been spared racism and violence in the last century, Mississippi remains associated with particularly grim tragedies. It was in this state that Emmett Till, a black teenager living in Chicago on a vacation in the South, was brutally murdered in 1955.

A few years later, in 1963, Medgar Evers, a figure in the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), was murdered outside his home in Jackson by a member of the Ku Klux Klan. This new drama will inspire Nina Simone “Mississippi Goddam”, a title she always sang with rage, which will become one of the hymns of the fight for civil rights.

This death will not be the only one. It was still in Mississippi that three student civil rights activists were killed in 1964. In 1988, director Alan Parker drew from this story the plot of his film “Mississippi Burning”.

A referendum next November

The resolution passed on Saturday is only the first step in this procedure. A law must now be debated, this Sunday, June 28, in particular to appoint a commission responsible for designing the new flag. It is stipulated in the resolution that it cannot include the Confederate banner and that it must bear the official American motto “In God we trust”.

The current flag was adopted in 1894, “To signify opposition to civil rights and racial equality”, recalls the Mississippi Historial Society, which called for a change of flag.

The alternative project will then be submitted to voters by referendum, during the presidential and legislative elections on November 3.

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Mississippi to Drop Flag of Slavery States

Mississippi is the last American state whose flag still bears the colors of the slave states opposed to the North during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Part of the state banner is occupied by the 13-star blue cross on a red background of the Confederate states, a racist symbol in the eyes of many Americans.

The mobilizations that followed the death of George Floyd revived the debate on the legacy of the American Civil War and the elected officials of Mississippi voted, Saturday June 27, by a very clear majority in favor of a new flag.

A strong majority in both rooms

The presence of this Confederate heritage in official symbols has, for decades, been the subject of debate in Mississippi and, more broadly, in the South. In 2001, Georgia had changed its flag, but the voters of Mississippi had strongly opposed, the same year, the same initiative, in a referendum – 64% for the status quo against 36%.

→ REPORTAGE. Camden, the American city that reinvented its police

Mississippi, where 38% of the population is African-American, is therefore the last state to wear the “rebel” colors. But the wave of mobilization linked to the death of George Floyd also affected the cities of the South and revived the debate on the statues of the southern generals and on the Confederate symbols.

Numerous institutions (university, sports, economic, religious …) called to turn the page, and the debate won the Capitol of Jackson, capital of Mississippi. Saturday, June 27, the two chambers, although dominated by the Republicans (36 elected out of 52 in the Senate; 74 out of 122 in the House of Representatives), adopted by a large majority – more than 2/3 – a resolution calling for the development of a new flag.

Mississippi, a symbol of racism in the South in the 20th century

While no southern state has been spared racism and violence in the last century, Mississippi remains associated with particularly grim tragedies. It was in this state that Emmett Till, a black teenager living in Chicago on a vacation in the South, was brutally murdered in 1955.

A few years later, in 1963, Medgar Evers, a figure in the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), was murdered outside his home in Jackson by a member of the Ku Klux Klan. This new drama will inspire Nina Simone “Mississippi Goddam”, a title she always sang with rage, which will become one of the hymns of the fight for civil rights.

This death will not be the only one. It was still in Mississippi that three student civil rights activists were killed in 1964. In 1988, director Alan Parker drew from this story the plot of his film “Mississippi Burning”.

A referendum next November

The resolution passed on Saturday is only the first step in this procedure. A law must now be debated, this Sunday, June 28, in particular to appoint a commission responsible for designing the new flag. It is stipulated in the resolution that it cannot include the Confederate banner and that it must bear the official American motto “In God we trust”.

The current flag was adopted in 1894, “To signify opposition to civil rights and racial equality”, recalls the Mississippi Historial Society, which called for a change of flag.

The alternative project will then be submitted to voters by referendum, during the presidential and legislative elections on November 3.

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In Brazil, a drama awakens social tensions amid racism

Despite the masks on the faces, anger is visible before the court in Recife, capital of the state of Pernambuco (North-East). “I just wanted to find my mom”, take turns claiming 600 demonstrators, when others brandish a raised fist, a sign “Justice for Miguel”. All denounce a drama due, according to them, to racism, an ultra-sensitive subject at a time when the Covid-19 pandemic is severely affecting the black and poor population of the country.

Poverty and pandemic drama

The facts date back to June 2. Without school due to the pandemic, Miguel Otavio, 5, accompanied his mother, a domestic worker, to the home of the wife of an elected official from the region where she worked. Time to walk the dog, the mother, Mirtes de Souza, entrusts Miguel to his boss, who lets the boy enter the building elevator alone, then presses the button on the top floor without accompanying him. Moments later, Miguel, left unattended, will fall to death in the building.

→ READ. Government accused of “manipulating the numbers” of the epidemic in Brazil

The owner, Sari Corte Real, will be tried for manslaughter. Until then, for a deposit of 20,000 reals (around € 3,000), she was released by the investigators, much to the dismay of the little boy’s mother. “If I, a black woman, had caused the death of a white child, I would be in prison, judged by public opinion”, was sorry Mirtes de Souza.

Black Lives Matter, version brésilienne

L’“Miguel case” has all the more ignited the Brazilian social networks for three weeks that it echoes the death of George Floyd, a few days earlier, in the United States. The Black Lives Matter movement first appeared in Brazil under the name #vidasnegrasimportam (black lives matter).

Because this drama highlights the social and racial tensions in the country, which are not new, but have been exacerbated under the presidency of Jair Bolsonaro, since January 2019. It highlights the differences in wealth between Brazilians: Mirtes de Souza wins 1,500 reals per month (260 €), barely the amount of the rental charges of his boss. For Luciana da Cruz Brito, professor at the Federal University of Bahia and specialist in the history of slavery, we can see a manifestation of the “Enslavement delirium of Brazilian society”.

Brazilian inequalities in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic

Miguel’s death also highlights the vulnerability of the poorest at the time of the health crisis, which is still uncontrolled in certain parts of the country. In Brazil, the second most affected country in the world after the United States, there were officially recorded 57,070 deaths from Covid-19 on Sunday June 28, four months after the first death from the disease.

→ REPORTAGE. The favelas of Sao Paulo, between confinement, precariousness and resourcefulness

In her distress, Mirtes de Souza also said that she had been infected with the coronavirus while going to work. Like her, the poorest Brazilians expose themselves more than others while working. “The favelas are not confined, confirms the black activist Débora Dias, who lives in a favela in Sao Paulo. When a single mother earns a minimum wage, if she is called to come and do a cleaning day, she goes there! “

More destitute, therefore more affected by diabetes, hypertension and obesity, blacks also die more from Covid-19 than whites, one death in three people hospitalized in the first against one in 4.4 in the second, according to a study published in late May by the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro.

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Mississippi abandons its flag, a slave symbol

The Mississippi State House of Representatives and the Senate voted Sunday (June 29th) to remove a Confederate symbol from the flag of the American state, which is the last to retain this reminder of the period of slavery.

→ ANALYSIS. Mississippi to Drop Flag of Slavery States

The move comes as a wave of anti-racism protests across the United States has rekindled controversy over the persistence of symbols of slavery. Parliamentarians from Mississippi, a state in the southern United States, decided on Sunday that a new flag no longer bearing the standard of Confederation should be adopted.

Clamors of approval

The removal of the emblem was approved Sunday by the Mississippi House of Representatives by a majority of 91 votes to 23. The vote sparked clamors of approval in the public gallery. Then the Senate in turn approved the provision by 37 votes to 14, and senators celebrated the vote with cheers and hugs.

Mississippi is the only state to have the southern emblem on its flag since neighboring Georgia abandoned it in 2003. Law passed on Sunday calls for a nine-member commission to design a new flag that will include the phrase « In God We Trust », the American currency.

Consultation on a new flag in November

Mississippi citizens will have to vote on the new flag in November. If they reject it, the state will not have a flag until a new design has been approved.

The issue of racial discrimination has been the subject of particularly heated debate in the United States since the death in May of George Floyd, an African-American who died after being asphyxiated during his arrest by a white police officer in Minneapolis.

→ DOSSIER. Death of George Floyd: a new case of racism in the United States

The movement also resulted in the degradation or destruction of statues of Confederation leaders and other historical figures accused of links to racism or slavery.

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Camden, the u.s. city that has reinvented its police

Do not go out at night “says the taxi driver upon arriving to Camden. Located in front of Philadelphia, at the edge of the Delaware river, this city in New Jersey is preceded by its reputation. Victim of deindustrialization, it was one of the most deadly in the United States in the years 1990 and 2000. ” We heard gunshots every day “recalls Bryan Morton, a native of Camden.

Dismantle its police force to rebuild it

Today, the town of 73,000 souls no longer talk to her for her crime, which has declined substantially, but for his police. A month after the death in Minneapolis of George Floyd, an African-American killed by a police officer who had long supported his knee on her neck, she is cited as a possible example to follow to stem the violence suffered by minorities.

→ ANALYSIS. The impossible reform of the american police

In 2013, Camden has taken the exceptional measure to dismantle its police force to rebuild it on new foundations. Exhausted after the crisis of 2008, the municipality has ceded control to the county, which allowed him to get rid of the powerful police union local, and to recruit new agents, more young people, lower salaries.

Above all, this new force has decided, under the pressure of activists fighting against police violence, focusing on “de-escalation” and the proximity with the inhabitants. Result : the number of complaints for “excessive violence” has declined, from 65 in 2014 to 3 in 2019, while the number of homicides solved has increased from 16% in 2012 to 80 % in 2020.

The chief of police at the side of the protesters

These good figures have earned him to Camden to be cited 2015 by Barack Obama. ” In 2012, there were as many homicides per capita than Honduras. This is no longer the case, which means that we did something good “believes the head of the police, Joe Wysocki. He made the ” a ” of the american press scroll, at the end of may, to the sides of the protesters in the movement Black Lives Matter, in tribute to George Floyd. A scene unthinkable just ten years ago, as the distrust between the police, largely white, and the inhabitants, black and hispanic at 93 %, was great. In 1969 and 1971, riots broke out in Camden in the wake of police violence against a young black girl, and a man of puerto rico.

→ EXPLANATION. United states : Donald Trump hires a timid reform of the police

In addition to organizing readings, barbecues and other parts of basketball to raise awareness of the districts that it monitors, the police department has adopted a code of “use of force” resolution-focused non-violent of dangerous situations. Among other obligations, the officers did must use lethal force only as a last resort. They also have a” obligation to intervene “ in case of a breach of the code by a colleague.

Still not unanimously

This does not mean that the police are unanimous. ” It remains very white. There are no Blacks or Hispanics in leadership positions “regrets Stephné R. Coney, founder of the association for the prevention of violence, National Stop the Violence Alliance, known for his work in Camden.

Several local groups want officers to participate in ongoing training on recognition of their racial prejudices. ” He would speak, in a training, what it makes them to be the only Whites in the middle of Black. The more we widen these responses, the more we will avoid future George Floyd “says father Gerard Marable, head of Faith in Camden, a combination of social and economic justice.

While calls to the reduction of the budgets of the police multiply, Joe Wysocki believes on the contrary that it should be” invest “. With 400 officers, Camden has doubled its workforce since the break-up of 2013 and invested in simulation technology, allowing officers to train in de-escalation techniques. ” The expectations for the police in 2020 are different from 1991, when I joined the police, he said. We must always improve. “

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Americans support a reform of the police

Judging by the polls, and while the Congress in Washington debate, the difficulty of this question, Americans say they are in favour of major changes in policing, such as :

– Equip the agents with a camera to record their interaction with the population. Nearly 9 in 10 Us – democrats or republicans – are in favor.

– Oblige the agents to report the bad behaviors of their colleagues (even support for the camera).

To – impose training against racism. 80 % of Americans are in favor.

– Prosecute officers guilty of excessive use of force (84 % of positive opinion).

(Source : The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research)

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After being hit hard by the Covid, New Yorkers are reclaiming the streets

Alice Mangan, a teacher in new york in retirement, has the face almost completely hidden. This septuagenarian is part of the at-risk populations in the face of the Covid-19. Yet, she demonstrated against racism on Sunday, June 21 in Manhattan with hundreds of other people, nearly a month after the death of George Floyd, this Black killed by a white policeman in Minneapolis.

→ TO READ. In New York, “the rainbow after the storm” in a church in Queens

Empty streets, shops closed, around it, the scenery is still scarred by the virus. “All of a sudden, observes Alice Mangan, we went from dead town to town in the street. “

The terraces allowed

Between daily protests and ever-present threat of the virus, New York offers a face schizophrenic. Despite this telescoping disconcerting, “the epicenter of the epicenter “ of the pandemic (more than 17 500 people dead as of 21 June) in the United States is alive and well on the return.

With the beautiful days, the picnickers are investing in parks and beaches. Cyclists take over the bike paths. Acts of celebration or provocation against the police, fireworks are fired illegally until the early morning. In the vicinity of bars, forcibly converted to the takeaway, regroup spontaneously between friends.

“It’s like being in Paris “laughs Bruno was Wearing, a French city. Since Monday 22 June, the streets come alive a bit more. The city is entering phase 2 of its déconfinement, a synonym for the restaurateurs, opening of the terraces. In normal times, the license to use the sidewalk is very expensive and difficult to obtain in a city with congested streets. And the consumption of alcohol is prohibited on the street in New York.

Every New yorker knows someone who fell ill

With the Covid, the municipality decided to facilitate the process and allow the installation of tables on the sidewalks, parking lots and streets are closed to traffic. The city hopes this will save 45 000 jobs and 5 000 restaurants. The major attractions (museums, Broadway, tourist attractions…) are still closed, but the hotels to see clients come back.

“The occupancy rate is above and beyond our expectations. The recovery will be slow, but demand continues to grow “, hope Manuel Martinez, the manager of the Mark, a luxury hotel in Manhattan. With the borders still closed to foreign tourists, it welcomes mostly locals keen to have a change of ideas. “They have been locked away for three months and want to offer a different experience. “

But the virus may well have declined, the city will keep after-effects. The density of the population, which is the force and the magic of New York city, turned against it during the pandemic. With at least a fifth of the population infected, all the world knows, directly or indirectly, a sick person or a death.

Fleeing inhabitants

Between the 1er march and the 1er may, 5 % of the population has left New York city, especially the residents of wealthy neighborhood. The Big Apple had already lost 53 000 inhabitants in 2019, in part because of the rents prohibitive.

→ INVESTIGATION. In the United States, the afro-american population hard-hit by the coronavirus

“A lot of people are parties for good. For them, the crisis was the straw that broke the camel’s back “sums up Vanessa Pacini, owner of the coffee black Angel in Bushwick, the trendy and artistic part of Brooklyn. “It will be long and difficult, but New York is going to rise. “

Living in the Rockaways, a peninsula in the south of the city, Sabastian Hajrovic, 21 years old, has not the intention to leave. On the contrary, this degree in biomedical sciences is considering entering politics. And there would never have thought of without the Covid-19. “It is important for the scientists, the doctors, the surgeons, to be elected and to be in positions where they can make decisions, use their critical sense, he said. We owe it to the company. “

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a powerful earthquake killed at least six victims

Mexico, already struggling with the health crisis of the Covid-19, was shaken on Tuesday, June 23, by a violent earthquake that has left at least six dead, thrown out of their homes of hundreds of people frightened and triggered a tsunami warning for Peru to Hawaii. This earthquake of magnitude 7.5 on the Richter scale, according to the seismological service national of Mexico, occurred in the late morning. Its epicenter was located in the State of Oaxaca, where the six deaths, according to the local authorities.

→ REPORT. Déconfinement, Mexico discovers the ” new normal “

One of the victims is a worker of the refinery of the oil company Pemex in Salina Cruz, which has ceased its activity due to a fire. ” We had to rush out because the market was in danger of collapsetestified Juana Martinez, a florist of Oaxaca. Already we selling almost nothing because of the pandemic, now if we close the market, it’s going to be even worse for us.

The earthquake, which did serious damage in the State of Oaxaca, has been felt even in the capital Mexico city. It was followed by hundreds of aftershocks. When the sirens started to howl, hundreds of people took to the streets of Mexico city, some with masks on the face, others short, and not respecting the safety instructions in force during the crisis of the sars coronavirus.

Buildings tremble

Of office buildings and homes shook for long seconds. Fathers of families were held at arm’s length all their children and all departed in the most of the facades of the buildings for fear of collapse. ” We confirm that the magnitude was 7.5. Fortunately, we do not have any major damage “said president, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, in a video posted on social networks.

There have been landslides, broken glass, awnings have fallen, the barriers also, but nothing serious. The strategic assets have not suffered any damage, in other words, the ports, the airports, the refineries, hydroelectric power plants. Everything is in good condition in general, ” he said. The mayor of Mexico city, Claudia Sheinbaum, said on Twitter that only minor damage had been reported in the megalopolis, which is home to 22 million people.

After the earthquake, the u.s. government has issued a tsunami warning for the mexican coast of the Pacific, central America, Ecuador, Peru, and Hawaii. The alert said that waves up to three meters high could strike an area of 1 000 km around the epicenter.

The sick of the Covid-19 kept in isolation

The phenomenon has surprised many residents of the capital who, by reason of the pandemic, have been in the habit of working out at home. ” We were working in your pajamas after breakfast. Then we had to go out in this outfit in the street “says Sonia Flores Cano, 29 years old. The medical staff evacuated the hospitals of the capital, but those with the Covid-19 are remained in isolation.

→ ANALYSIS. In Mexico, ” earthquakes don’t kill people, the corruption, if “

Since the beginning of the epidemic, the coronavirus has infected at least 191 410 people in Mexico and resulted in 23 377 deaths, according to an official toll released on Tuesday.

The last strong earthquake in Mexico dates back to September 2017, with 370 deaths. The 19 September 1985, an earthquake of magnitude of 8.1, one of the most destructive in the history of the country, had hit the mexican capital, killing more than 10 000 people and destroying hundreds of buildings.

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never shut up, despite everything

Throughout the turbulent years that were lived out by the Colombia, Jineth Bedoya has never carried neither weapon nor uniform. It has never tracked down the enemy, unseen in the dark corners of Bogota or in the dense forests of the Amazon. The journalist has never been neither a camp nor the other. On her way, she crossed and one and the other. But it brought no color. Just the pain.

The passion to understand

Jineth Bedoya the admits : she has always been curious. And when she was a teenager in the 1990s, while the armed conflict was gaining intensity, and that Pablo Escobar and his killers were joining the fray, the young woman wanted to understand what put his country to fire and blood. Journalism was for her, she was made for him. As a student, she will make her first steps on the airwaves of a national radio. Before turning to the press and make the choice – risky – of the investigation.

Because investigate in Colombia, today as in the past, always meant to stumble at one time or another – fairly quickly, in general, on the corruption and its dual, the violence. In 2000, the young journalist was a reflection on the trafficking of weapons. She had joined the daily El Espectadorthe prestigious title, including the rigor and the seriousness have long embarrassed the drug lords. To the point that in 1986, Pablo Escobar had ordered the murder of its director, Guillermo Cano. Eleven years later, Unesco decided to award every year a prize bearing his name in tribute to the freedom of the press, a prize won this year by Jineth Bedoya “for his courage and commitment “.

The trauma of 2000

In the course of the investigation it was conducting in 2000, the young journalist was granted an interview in a prison in Bogota passed under the sway of the paramilitaries. It was not cold in the eyes. “But this appointment was a trap, tended to make me shut up “, “she says. And to pass a message to all his colleagues. The prison door was never open. A car was embedded. She was kidnapped, raped, with the complicity of members of the security services.

→ TO READ. Juan Gabriel Vasquez, the words and the ailments of the Story

Jineth Bedoya has not given up. She has not abandoned her vocation. Aware of the role of the press in the British agitated, she continued her efforts. Three years later, she was a second time taken hostage, this time by the guerrillas of the Farc (revolutionary armed Forces of Colombia).

Refuse the silence for the fight against sexual violence

The trauma of 2000 made him aware of the drama of the silence. ” I was invited to the 2009 conference in Spain, and I insisted on the importance of talking about sexual violence, remember-t-it. This is not the time to be silent, I said. I had not in mind at that time the idea of launching a campaign. But this is how it started. “

After her speech, she began to receive testimonies. First, in their close social surroundings. Finding the magnitude of a phenomenon that is largely taboo in Colombia, she then launched the word order “No es hora de callar “ (” This is not the time to be silent “). “This has become my horse of battle, remembers the forties. I immediately received the support of my journal, El Tiempo. Today, our campaign has several axes, in order to make known the reality of this violence and assist women through different activities. We work with several hundreds of victims. “

Despite the peace agreement, the criminal groups are still at work

Colombia is no longer the same as that of the 1990s or 2000, when sexual violence was a weapon in everyday life in the context of the armed conflict. A historic peace agreement was signed in 2016 between the government and the Farc. But peace is a battle that is not won in advance, and the withdrawal of the Farc, is accompanied by areas of advanced criminal groups, strengthened sometimes by former guerrillas, dissidents. Women are always targeted.

→ EXPLANATION. Colombia : renewed violence with the rebellion of former Farc

For as the times change, it is also necessary that the justice do its work. In his case, “only a handful of people have been judged as at least twenty-five are involved “laments the journalist. But Jineth Bedoya remains confident. It is considering the next victories. His case is now before the inter-american Court of human rights, and she has good hope that the colombian government was condemned this year. This would be a first for a case of sexual violence.

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His inspiration : a passion born of war

“It is a terrible thing to say, but my inspiration has always been… the war. “ Jineth Bedoya
Lima was born in 1974 in Bogota. Growing up in the colombian capital in the 1990s meant hearing to explode the booby-trapped cars. The colombian State was at war against the guerrillas and against the men of drug lord Pablo Escobar… “I wanted to understand what was happening, she says today. I wanted to be a journalist. Everything has been very fast. I won a scholarship to train as a war correspondent, a training
new in Colombia. I was studying and I was working at the radio. “
The beginning of a passion that has never waned.

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