Doctors juggle offering science-backed information without irritating Trump



Washington – It is almost a daily ritual: Donald trump and a series of doctors appear in a hall of the White House to talk about coronavirus and they generate an unusual show in which specialists juggle science-backed information without irritating the president.

The result can be a bewildering scene for those trying to figure out the best way to protect themselves from the virus.

On Tuesday, for example, Dr. Deborah Birx supported Trump by commenting positively on plans to reopen businesses in Georgia, saying that hairdressers and tattoo shops could safely operate with a little “creativity” to maintain. distance.

Later, however, Birx, coordinator of the White House task force on the virus, told Trump that the reopening of Georgia was rushed. The next day, Trump questioned Georgia’s plans to resume activities, saying they were doing it “too soon.”

On Wednesday, Trump launched the briefing by inviting the doctor. Robert Redfield, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), to “say a few words to clarify” previous comments in which the specialist had said that the virus would reappear in the winter and could be stronger than the current outbreak.

Redfield then tried to “clarify” his comments by saying that the reappearance of the virus coinciding with the flu season would be a problematic combination, although confirming that his previous comments had been correctly reported.

The same Wednesday, the government’s top doctor said he had been removed from office for opposing efforts to promote an anti-malaria drug that Trump said, without evidence, that it was a remedy for COVID-19.

Dr. Rick Bright “was cast aside for one reason only: because he resisted efforts to facilitate unrestricted access to a potentially dangerous drug,” his attorneys said. Trump claimed to know nothing of the subject.

Healthcare experts say medical professionals are inhibited from offering candid advice to the president and the public.

“The team doctors (from the White House) and the scientists in general who respond to the pandemic They are looking askance all the time, ”said Lawrence Gostin, a public health expert at Georgetown University. “There is a bid between politicians and health officials. It is a very unhealthy dynamic. “

In addition to offering up-to-date information on the pandemic and on the best ways to combat it, doctors are involved in Trump’s efforts to present a positive image of his handling of the pandemic.

They know perfectly well that the president has a long history in which he appoints officials by highlighting their skills and then undermining or pushing them aside. That was what happened with figures like former Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, former Chief of Staff John Kelly and former Defense Secretary James Mattis.

Even the popular doctor Anthony Fauci, a specialist in contagious diseases, must adapt his comments to Trump’s preferences.

This month Fauci said on CNN that more lives could have been saved if the government had intervened earlier.

That did not like Trump, who published a tweet in which he left in the air the possibility of Fauci being fired.

The next day, Fauci spoke at the White House briefing and said that perhaps “he had mispronounced.” He said that “the first and only time” that he and Birx had spoken to Trump about a quarantine nationwide, the president had “listened to the recommendations and taken steps” to contain the outbreak.

Trump generally listens to his medical experts. But he sees them as subordinates and doesn’t like to be contradicted.

At Thursday’s briefing, Brix was the only medical expert present and spoke briefly.

Trump preferred to invite William Bryan, a Department of Homeland Security official who spoke of the investigations into the impact of high temperatures and the sun on the containment of the virus, to the podium.

Birx generally tries not to contradict Trump, but Fauci seems more willing to do so, so there is often speculation that he will be fired.

Kavita Patel, a public health expert who served under the government of Barack Obama, He said that the scientists who advise a president have to be seasoned people, but that serving under the Trump administration is especially tortuous, since the president sometimes ignores the information that the experts give him and lets himself be led by his instincts.

“It is clear that he is very selective in his use of information,” said Patel.

“There seems to be a revolving door for scientists and doctors who are in an awkward position,” Patel said. “It feels like these scientists are put up against a Russian roulette wheel and, depending on luck, an individual may end up publicly facing the president.”

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Coronavirus map: track spread in the United States and around the world

The COVID-19 epidemic that started in China has affected thousands of people around the world.

By Monday, the new coronavirus outbreak in the United States has grown to at least 35,345 cases in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. There are epidemic groups in New York, Washington State and California, according to Johns Hopkins University, which is monitoring relationships and confirming them with local health departments.

The number of cases in the United States and around the world is the subject of some debate, as the tests have been implemented unevenly and the criteria for diagnosis (through clinical means or laboratory tests) have varied from country to country.

For more information on COVID-19 cases in your state, see your state’s health department website, listed below. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention maintain statistics nationwide, but are not updated as often. Johns Hopkins University information is not independently verified by ABC News.

The growing number of laboratory confirmed cases in the U.S. at this point still pales in comparison to seasonal flu, which kills around 12,000-61,000 people a year and affects between 9 and 45 million people in the country, according to the CDC.

However, experts warn that COVID-19 should not be minimized or compared with a bad case of flu. Instead, respiratory disease is more similar to severe pneumonia and, in severe cases, patients who have difficulty breathing have been hospitalized and worn ventilators.

What is unknown is the way in which deadly coronavirus, which has no treatment at this point, is compared to the flu or how severe its effects are for those who are sick but don’t die.

Of those cases in the United States (pictured above), at least 48 were diagnosed in individuals who were repatriated to the United States on government charter flights from Wuhan, China, and the Diamond Princess cruise ship. But many others are cases of unknown origin, or potential spread of the community, where there is no known connection to travel.

Monitoring of new coronaviruses worldwide

In the meantime, the virus, officially known as COVID-19, has spread to dozens of countries in regions around the world.

The new coronavirus outbreak started in Wuhan, China in late December and has since affected at least 353,692 people worldwide, including at least 35,345 in the United States, and killed thousands, mainly in mainland China and Italy, according to data from Johns Hopkins. At least 100,443 people have already recovered, JHU said.

Check your state’s health department for the latest COVID-19 cases

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The Americans said they crouched while the coronavirus claimed 90 victims

With companies closing doors and governments urging and, in some cases, ordering tired citizens to puncture at home, the world was swallowing the bitter pill prescribed to fight the coronavirus. President Trump has he asked all Americans to limit contact with others for 15 days, and admitted that unprecedented measures taken across the country could plunge the United States into a recession.

The growing acceptance by Trump and other world leaders of the serious threat posed by COVID-19 disease could help the rebound of Wall Street from one of its worst days in history, but on Tuesday it is not clear whether the dramatic impositions on society and the government promise to ease the pain, they would be enough to avoid the worst scenarios.

Millions of lives e businesses have been derailed. Half a billion children worldwide do not go to school. Doctors from some of the richest and most developed nations on the planet, including the United States, warn health systems are not prepared to face an expected onslaught of patients.

COVID-19 killed at least 90 of the over 4,580 people diagnosed with the disease in the United States globally, the death toll was just over 7,100 on Tuesday, with the most aggressive outbreaks still spreading in Europe .

Surgeon General on the preparation of US hospitals for other coronavirus cases

There has been encouraging evidence from China, South Korea and now even Italy hit hard that rigorous control measures work. The White House made clear that the request for a 15-day break from public life could be extended and the American battle with the coronavirus could continue until August.

Visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website for detailed information on coronavirus treatment and prevention.

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USA shuts down restaurants, bars, cafes, schools

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has announced he will close the country’s borders to all foreign nationals and called on Canadians abroad to “come home now”.

“At this point we are closing our borders to all non Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada … that measure does not apply to US citizens,” Mr Trudeau said.

US citizens are exempt from the measures – which will come into effect on March 18 – because “the level of integration between the two economies … puts the US in a separate category to the rest of the world”.

MORE: Follow the latest on coronavirus here

Mr Trudeau today delivered the address from the steps of his Ottawa home where he has been self-isolating since his wife, Sophie Grégoire Trudeau, was diagnosed with the deadly disease last week.

He urged citizens abroad to “come home now” if they can, and that they must self-isolate for 14 days upon returning to Canada.

Globally, there are more than 175,000 coronavirus cases and more than 6,700 deaths, according to data compiled by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University.

“If we put in measures for mandatory isolation … there would need to be enforcement measures,” he added.

“The expectation is something that we’ve asked of Canadians around the country.”

AMERICA SHUTS DOWN ON A MASS SCALE

There are at least 3,813 confirmed cases in the US, where major cities today started shutting down restaurants, bars, gyms, casinos, theaters and schools to try to stop the spread of the novel coronavirus, which has killed at least 72 people across the country . COVID-19 has reached 49 states including California and Washington, D.C.

New York mayor Bill de Blasio on Suday ordered all bars, restaurants and cafes to only offer delivery or pickup beginning Tuesday. Nightclubs, movie theaters, small theater houses and concert venues will also be forced to close.

Millions of Americans began their work week holed up at home Monday against the coronavirus outside their doors, as the escalating outbreak shifted the nation’s daily routines in ways never before seen in US history. As wide swathes of the economy began shuddering to a halt, the financial markets opened with stocks dropping on Wall Street by nearly 10 per cent, triggering an automatic 15-minute halt to trading.

BLACKBERRIES: What Australians need to know about coronavirus

That came despite emergency Federal Reserve action late Sunday that cut the key interest rate to near zero. The best-case scenario for many investors now is that the economic shock will be steep but short, with growth recovering later this year as stores and businesses open back up.

Pessimists, though, are preparing for a longer haul. The U.S. surgeon general, meanwhile, said the number of coronavirus cases in the United States has reached the level that disease-battered Italy recorded two weeks ago – a signal that infections are expected to rise in America. “We are at a critical inflection point in this country, people,” U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams told Fox News. “When you look at the projections, there’s every chance that we could be Italy.” Two weeks ago, there were 1,700 cases of coronavirus in Italy and the country had reported 34 deaths. Now, Italy is reporting an estimated 25,000 cases and more than 1,800 people have died.

The US has recorded about 3,800 infections and at least 65 deaths, two-thirds of them in hard-hit Washington state.

The first participant in a clinical trial for a vaccine to protect against the virus was set to receive an experimental dose at a research institute in Washington state. Public officials cautioned, however, that it will still take from a year to 18 months to fully test and approve any potential vaccine The wheels of justice slowed too, as the U.S. Supreme Court put oral arguments on hold, including fights over subpoenas for President Donald Trump’s financial records.

Over the weekend, governors and mayors closed restaurants, bars, and schools as the nation sank deeper into crisis. Travelers returning home from abroad were stuck in line for hours at major airports for screenings, crammed into just the kind of crowded spaces that public health officials have urged people to avoid. Around the country, people rushed to make arrangements to work from home or tried to figure out how to entertain themselves now that nearly all social gatherings have been banned, canceled or strongly discouraged. Some people planned to binge-watch TV, catch up on chores such as cleaning out the basement, exercise at home instead of the gym, do more cooking or read more. “We’re catching up on our reading. I just started ‘Love in the Time of Cholera.’ It seemed appropriate, “said Beverly Pfeiffer in Silver Spring, Maryland, of the Gabriel Garcia Marquez classic.

Trump sought to calm a jittery nation by declaring the government has “tremendous control” over the situation and urging people to stop the panic- buying of grocery staples that has depleted store shelves nationwide. Gun stores started seeing a similar run on weapons and ammunition as the fear intensified. As Americans struggled with changing their daily habits, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a dramatic recommendation: Because large events can fuel the spread of the disease, it said gatherings of 50 people or more should be canceled or postponed throughout the country for the next eight weeks. It added that, at any event, people should take proper precautions, including handwashing and keeping one’s distance.

But in a sign of the difficulty of striking the right balance, the CDC statement also said the recommendation does not apply to “the day-to-day operation of organizations such as schools, institutes of higher learning, or businesses.” Even before the warning, parts of the country already look like ghost towns, and others are about to follow as theme parks closed, beaches shooed away spring breakers and states and large cities ordered bars and restaurants shuttered. “The time for persuasion and public appeals is over,” Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker said. “This is not a joke. No one is immune to this. ” New York City said eateries could only accept takeout and delivery orders. Mayor Bill de Blasio also ordered nightclubs, movie theaters and other entertainment venues closed.

“These places are part of the heart and soul of our city. They are part of what it means to be a New Yorker, “he said in a statement Sunday night. “But our city is facing an unprecedented threat, and we must respond with a wartime mentality.” His decision came after Dr. Anthony Fauci, the federal government’s top infectious-disease expert, said he would like to see a 14-day national shutdown imposed to prevent the virus’s spread.

“I think Americans should be prepared that they are going to have to hunker down significantly more than we as a country are doing,” said Fauci, a member of the White House task force on combating the spread of coronavirus. He heads the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health.

There was no indication Trump is considering such a move.

The worldwide outbreak has sickened nearly 170,000 people and left more than 6,500 dead, with thousands of new cases confirmed each day.

megan.palin@news.com.au | @Megan_Palin

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Coronavirus arrests are widespread in the United States as the death toll approaches 70

If it was a realization last week, it seems destined to be biting for reality. Millions of Americans’ daily lives have already been turned upside down and millions more are being altered by rapid evolution coronavirus response from local, state and federal authorities. Many of the largest cities in the United States have decided to close schools, theaters, bars and restaurants with the exception of the takeaway service and the list is growing.

The federal government denies rumors that the whole country is facing a two-week quarantine, but Anthony Faucci, the veteran epidemiologist who helps prepare the Trump administration’s response to the pandemic, has made it clear that all options they remain “on the table”.

More than 3,700 people tested positive for the new COVID-19 disease in the United States and at least 69 died. Globally, the death toll was just over 6,500 on Monday, with the weekend spotting an alarming spike in fatal crashes in three European nations grappling with aggressive outbursts. While over 169,000 people have caught the virus worldwide, nearly half have already recovered and the vast majority of cases remain mild.

The need to protect older people and those with immune systems weakened by the disease has prompted a global movement – promoted by disease experts and officials around the world – for people to practice “social distancing”. The message is simple: the more we avoid mixing with others, the more we can slow down the spread of the virus and give scientists time to develop weapons against it and ease the burden on hospitals.

In addition to the toll on human health, it is clear that the disease will have a lasting impact on the global economy. The Earth’s atmosphere could breathe a sigh of relief while thousands of commercial aircraft that erupt carbon remain unused amid rising international travel bans and the disconcerting lack of demand. But with some of the world’s largest airlines cutting over half their permanent workforce, the aviation industry could be the most dramatic example of how the pandemic is affecting business.

The coronavirus epidemic forces American everyday life to change radically

In an effort to build confidence in the ruined stock markets, the world’s major central banks, led by the US Federal Reserve, cut interest rates over the weekend and announced major liquidity infusions. But those moves failed to stop the sell-off: equities collapsed as negotiations resumed Monday in Asia and Europe and US futures prices were not improving.

Visit the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention fo detailed information on the treatment and prevention of coronavirus.

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The United States is closer to a total closure to contain the coronavirus



Officials across the country on Sunday restricted many aspects of daily life in U.S to combat the coronavirus outbreak, while health authorities recommended groups of at least 50 people refrain from coming together and a government expert said a 14-day national shutdown may be necessary.

Governors and mayors have ordered the closure of restaurants, bars and schools as the nation increasingly falls into chaos due to the crisis. Travelers returning from abroad had to train for several hours at the country’s main airports to be inspected, which caused them to be confined to the confined spaces that public health authorities have urged citizens to avoid..

In a sign of the looming economic penumbra looming, the Federal Reserve cut its benchmark interest rate to almost zero. President Donald trump He tried to reassure the nervous nation by declaring that the government has “enormous control” of the situation and urged people to stop panicking purchases that have left empty shelves in every store in the country. Arms sales establishments have also seen a marked increase in sales as the panic intensifies.

As Americans resign themselves to changing their daily habits, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a drastic recommendation: Because large events can fuel the spread of the virus, he said concentrations of 50 or more people should be canceled or postponed across the country for the next eight weeks. He added that proper precautions should be put in place at any event, including making sure attendees wash their hands and stay some distance away.

But in a sign of how difficult it is to find the right balance, the CDC statement also said the recommendation does not apply to “operations of daily living in organizations such as schools, colleges, or businesses.”

Even before the warning, some parts of the country already looked like ghost towns, and others were following those same footsteps with closed theme parks, desolate Florida beaches, Starbucks reporting that they would only take take-away orders and driver service, in addition to ordered the closing of bars and restaurants in Ohio and Illinois.

“The moment of persuasion and appeals to the public is over,” said Governor J.B. Pritzker. “It is not a joke. No one is immune to this.”

The California governor called for, but did not order, the closure of the nation’s bars and restaurants. In New York City, restaurants will only serve home or take away orders. Mayor Bill de Blasio ordered the closing of nightclubs, movie theaters and other places.

“These places are part of the soul of our city. They are part of what it means to be a New Yorker,” he said in a statement released Sunday night. “But our city faces an unprecedented threat and we must respond with a wartime mentality.”

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Baseball player’s first tests are positive for Coronavirus which sent chain effects via MLB – NBC Los Angeles

Maybe it was inevitable.

In the past few days, the world of sports has come to
the scream stops when a handful of players test positive for the COVID-19 virus.
It started with soccer players in Europe and eventually reached the NBA where
three known players have already shown that they are positive for coronavirus. Was
just a matter of time before the virus infiltrated other sports.

On Sunday, he entered the Major League Baseball.

The New York Yankees were the first professional baseball
team to announce that one of their minor league players had tested positive for
COVID-19. The team said the unidentified player was quarantined
Friday after developing a fever.

ESPN’s Jeff Passan was the first to report the news
positive test.

The positive test will certainly have a chain effect in the
MLB world. Probably the whole list of Yankees, both in the major league
and the minor league will need to be tested for the virus.

As of the publication of this story, the team already has
say all of their minor league
players self-quarantine for the next two weeks.

Most likely, the entire spring training facility will
close – if t hasn’t already done so – and a timeline of who entered the unknown
contact with and if he had contact with players from other teams, he will be from
vital.

Last Sunday, MLB sent a reminder to all 30 teams,
encourage all organizations to avoid any activity involving players and
people who gather in significant numbers.

“The risk of contracting a player in a club facility
the virus is real, “read part of the memo.

Initially, after Thursday’s announcement that MLB was
suspend their spring training season and delay the start of the regular
season, the spring training facilities had to remain open to allow players to
continue to train and prepare.

Shortly thereafter, the league announced that the facilities would
would close and the players would have the option of returning home or returning
their home market, or remain in their spring training city (in Arizona or
Florida).

NBC LA spoke to a handful of players on the Los Angeles Dodgers, and many of them were deciding between staying in Arizona or returning to Los Angeles. Many players are renting homes in the Arizona area with rental agreements that expire next week.

Initially, the MLB announced that the regular season would only be delayed “by two weeks”. NBC LA learned that the original interim calendar played a significant role in the players’ decisions on where to stay during the suspension. Many players had the impression that the season could start on April 9th, moving to their home market for the next few weeks the most convenient.

However, following the disease control centers’ announcement on Sunday, all meetings of more than 50 people should be canceled for at least the next eight weeks. The probability of the MLB season starting in April appears to be rather bleak.

In all likelihood, the eight-week barometer is probably longer
accurate, which means that the MLB season could start in late May or early
on June. Many players, including the Dodgers, have to ask themselves, “If
there is no baseball, in which city I would prefer to spend the next two months
in?”

It will be interesting to see if the announcement of the
the first baseball player to be positive has a chain effect on the major league
level and if other positive tests are yet to come.

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Racine County responds to its first confirmed coronavirus case, 19 now in state | Local news

Those who are sick and suspect they have coronavirus should call their doctor. Racine County’s health departments have no tests or testing skills.

“Based on the latest CDC data, those with the highest risk of serious disease include the elderly and people who have severe chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and lung disease. It is vital for the public to avoid getting sick by washing their hands frequently and thoroughly, covering coughs and sneezing, avoiding touching their faces and staying home in case of illness, “Gesner said.

Impacts on travel?

Megan Mullikin, a travel agent at Bon Voyage World Travel Experts who has offices in Union Grove and Waterford, said the travel agency hasn’t seen many cancellations since Friday morning. “Not many cancellations,” he said. “We were really lucky with that.”

The only thing he said has been canceled are cruises, such as the Princess and Viking cruises, as well as the Disney Cruise Line, due to the coronavirus epidemic.

Destination hotspots like DisneyLand and Disney World have also followed suit. The theme parks will be closed from Monday until the end of the month.

Entertainment events

Route 20, the restaurant and live music venue at 14001 Washington Ave., Yorkville, had to reschedule an out of comedy Roseanne Barr performance due to travel restrictions, Route 20 owner Ray Stibeck said on Friday. Barr’s performance was rescheduled from April 16 to October 24.

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This week the CDC has tested only 77 people for coronavirus

WASHINGTON – Despite the Trump administration’s persistent promises, coronavirus tests in the United States appear to be proceeding with a marked lack of urgency. A review of state and federal Yahoo News records found that US states are, on average, testing fewer than 100 people a day – while Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tested fewer than 100 people in total in the first two days of this week.

Meanwhile, a single private laboratory is running tests, according to a commercial group representing these facilities. The administration has repeatedly said that the private enterprise will play a vital role in ensuring that all Americans who need a coronavirus test receive one.

US officials on Tuesday faced an onslaught of questions from members of Congress, including news about South Korea’s coronavirus test locations.

“This is not an issue we can try to get out of,” said Stephen Redd, MD, head of the CDC’s Public Health Preparedness and Response Office, in testimony Wednesday. It was an admission that, in a 320 million nation, testing each person would be impossible.

Redd also revealed in his testimony that the total number of people tested for coronavirus by the CDC was 1,784. This means that, as of Wednesday morning, the CDC has tested only 77 people for coronavirus since Sunday. According to a CDC spokesman, the number that had been tested on Sunday was 1,707.


REUTERS

Speaking at a different hearing on Wednesday, CDC director Robert Redfield, MD, said public health labs – that is, state-run labs – were ready to “test up to 75,000 people”, presumably because they had received kits of tests from the CDC.

Redfield also said Wednesday morning that 75 public labs were ready for testing in the United States. In fact, the number is even higher – 81, according to Michelle Forman, a spokesman for the Association of Public Health Laboratories. Those labs each have the ability to perform 100 tests per day.

So far, however, only 7,617 people have been tested in state laboratories, according to the COVID monitoring project, a database that updates state and federal government test statistics. (Some of these statistics do not include negative tests, which means that the number tested could be higher.) On Tuesday, the 50 states tested cumulatively only 2,728 people, which means an average of 55 people tested per state.

Administration officials have repeatedly said that private industry would step in to fill the deficit. But it was because of an administrative directive that private labs could not prepare for a wave of coronaviruses until earlier this month. “We haven’t just received information on how to get those kits,” Mark Birenbaum of the National Independent Laboratory Association told Yahoo News last week.


Bloomberg via Getty Images

As a result, Birenbaum said in a subsequent conversation, only a single private laboratory in the United States is conducting coronavirus tests. He said he was aware of “one who will start testing on March 16 and seven to 10 who are still under construction.” He later added that the total number of labs preparing to test for coronavirus was actually 15.

Further testing will inevitably reveal more coronavirus cases. The United States now has 1,300 cases, with 38 deaths. Trump admitted last Friday that he was reluctant to land coronavirus-infected passengers on the Grand Princess cruise ship on the coast of the United States because, as he explained, “I like numbers to be where they are.”

The numbers they are in today are not particularly worrying, but probably not because the coronavirus has failed to catch on. “So far the low counts may not reflect an absence of the pathogen, but a terrible lack of testing,” explained former National Security Department official Juliette Kayyem in an article for the Atlantic.

This could lead Americans into a false sense of security about the severity of the disease and the disruptions it might cause. “If the Americans conclude that life will continue mostly as usual,” writes Kayyem, “they could be wrong.”

This article has been updated with the correct number of tests that public labs can administer when operating at full capacity. That number is 100, not 1,000.

Read more from Yahoo News:

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Most important symptoms, when consulting a doctor, get tested

As the coronavirus epidemic continues to intensify, people are increasingly taking additional precautions in maintaining health and hygiene. Some schools and employers have responded to the global pandemic by switching to online learning or asking employees to work from home.

With over 127,000 COVID-19 cases worldwide (as of Thursday 12 March 2020), according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University, one question that still persists is: “What should I do – and expect – if I think I have COVID -19? “

The short answer is: it depends. Although the disease has caused over 4,700 deaths, “the most important message is that if you are young and otherwise relatively healthy, it will most likely be similar to a common cold – or, at worst, to the flu,” Dr. Sandra Kesh, deputy medical director of the Westmed Medical Group, tells CNBC Make It.

If you feel sick and reasonably believe you have COVID-19, here is a list of frequently asked questions, including symptoms to watch out for, when to see a doctor and get tested:

What are the main symptoms of COVID-19?

According to the World Health Organization, common signs include fever, cough, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and death.

Symptoms vary from mild to severe and can occur anywhere from two to 14 days after exposure, say the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

If you feel sick now, it’s possible that you have a common cold or flu (both have symptoms similar to COVID-19), Dr. Gregory Poland, a professor of medicine and infectious diseases at the Mayo Clinic, tells CNBC Make It The only way to know if you have the disease is to test it – although there are more reasons to think about doing it if you’re part of the higher risk group, he says.

High-risk individuals include people over 60 who also have serious long-term health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease or lung disease, said Nancy Messonnier, director of the National Center for Immunization and Diseases respiratory system during a press conference. People who smoke or vape have worse results, according to New York City officials.

When should I see a doctor?

The CDC recommends that you call your doctor if you develop any of the main symptoms and have been in close contact with an infected person or have recently traveled to an area with widespread COVID-19.

If you have symptoms of a serious illness (e.g. high or very low body temperature, shortness of breath, confusion or a feeling that you may pass out) and you are a high risk individual, you should seek medical attention in an emergency room.

The CDC recommends calling in advance before going to a doctor’s office or emergency room. Tell them about your recent symptoms and trips so they can prepare for your arrival. You may be asked to wear a mask to avoid infecting others.

How can I get tested for COVID-19?

If the doctor believes that a test is appropriate, based on the latest CDC guidelines, he may request a test. However, since the breadth of the test capability is still unclear, there is no guarantee that you will get one right away.

In February, under increasing pressure from state and local officials, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration expanded the types of labs that could perform COVID-19 tests, allowing private national labs such as Quest Diagnostics and LabCorp to begin testing. . (As of March 10, 2020, at least 78 state and local health labs in the United States have testing capabilities, according to the Association of Public Health Labs.)

The test involves taking samples from the nose and mouth or, for seriously ill patients, from the lungs. The timing for test results will vary by laboratory. For some, such as the Stanford Health Care Clinical Virology Laboratory, results may take 12 to 24 hours.

What if you tested positive?

For the most part, the CDC suggests:

  • Staying at home (except to get medical attention). Limit activities outside the home. Avoid public places (eg. Work or school) and public transport (eg. Trains, buses, ride and taxi sharing services).
  • By separating yourself from others in your home. If you live with other people, stay in a separate room and, if possible, use a separate bathroom.
  • Wear a mask. If you cannot wear a face mask (eg because it causes breathing problems), those who live with you should wear one when they are in your same room.
  • Wash your hands often. Do this with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If you don’t have access to soap and water, clean your hands with an alcohol-based disinfectant containing at least 60% alcohol.

When can I go back to work?

If you are sick, the CDC recommends staying at home for at least 24 hours after your fever – 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.8 degrees Celsius) or greater – has disappeared.

Your employer may have a pandemic preparedness plan in place, so be sure to talk to your supervisor about your options. (For more information, here is the CDC Intermediate Guide for Companies and Employers.)

Is there a treatment or vaccine for COVID-19 available?

There are no antiviral drugs that treat COVID-19 at the moment, according to the CDC. However, just like any viral infection, Dr. Kesh says that taking some measures can help:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Stay well hydrated.
  • Taking medications (eg Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen or Naproxen) to reduce fever and relieve aches and pains. (Be sure to follow the directions and keep track of all the ingredients and doses).

“Based on what we know so far, [for most people] it will probably be like when you are in bed with the flu, “says Dr. Kesh.” You will start to feel bad, the symptoms will worsen until they peak, and then gradually disappear. “

Jessica Migala is a Chicago-based health writer covering health and infection diseases. He has written for O, The Oprah Magazine, Real Simple, Health, Family Circle, Woman’s Day and others. She graduated from the S.I. Syracuse University’s Newhouse School of Public Communications.

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