It wants to Colbert, in this moment, we don’t want to see his statue in the street, nor is his name anywhere. Which one ? Associations of defense of the black cause, and even Jean-Marc Ayrault, who accused him of having enacted the Code blacka set of rules that establish legally slavery in French north America, making these people kidnapped in Africa goods furnitureand anoblissant of the same gesture all those who owned more than one hundred machines human. Reduce the work of Colbert to the code is a little reductive, and assign all of the responsibility is a little excessive. When one is a minister of an authoritarian State, you can not escape a few pots, but to want to punish, we delete all the world, beginning with Louis XIV himself, in charge of all during his reign of iron.
The death of George Floyd, his assassination should we say as the film that reveals the facts shows that it is not an accident but a slow killing, had set fire to the entire planet. It is always the case with America, it produces images that it exports, and in which we project ourselves. A century of Hollywood has made us American imaginary, more affected by what is happening out there that we don’t understand half that by what happens here as it does not always understand. The great pataquès of american police, its daily brutality, racism is strongly present, the real risk that face the Black, all of it on the plate in France, even if nothing really matches. But the american situation is better told as ours, we understand better than we do, and we adopt it. You read our problems through those of others, then of course, there is through and we are angry.
→ IN THE IMAGES. From Antwerp to Miami, statues symbols of slavery referred to by anti-racists
Adama is dead after his arrest, this would never have had to happen, and it is black. If not, what is their common point ? Is there a question black in France ? In any case, not as in the United States. It would be necessary to carefully study it, and discern problems in post-colonial, social, and suburban.
” But that is what it is, therefore, a Black ? And first of all, it is what color ? “It is with this question crazy as Jean Genet introduces his piece, The Negroesa sort of adult version of Tintin in the Congo, which plays in the relations a bit crazy that we have with the skin color. In this debate, or rather the contest of invective, the actual color does not matter. Black and White are not of color but of social positions, roles in the story. This does not apply to the Tamils, very dark, and it took time for the Irish to become White, while their color objective is not debate. Whiteit is the metaphor of power, ” said James Baldwin, and for the dominate he invented the Black. It is for this reason that the concept of racism is anti-white is biased, since racism refers to a system of segregation organized, and not a spasm of violence.
It calls for ethnic statistics, which would allow to objectify the effects of racism, but how to determine the membership of a class racial ? It’s obvious, you might say. But not that much. In Brazil, recalls the demographer, Hervé Le Bras, a country eminently qualified, there are only five categories ; and in Russia there are 193… You could let people place themselves in the category to which they feel close to, but that is not very rigorous, and it does not erase the bias of classification.
→ FORUM. “White dog” not dead, the lessons of the 1960s
In the United States the census provides six categories : White, Black, Native american, Hawaiian, Asian, Hispanic. You can select multiple checkboxes, but are not identified as White than those who have checked the box Whitebecause the one drop rule fact that as soon as the first drop of black blood (note the approximation of the colours) it is Black, which is a rule box is arbitrary, as enacted in the time of slavery to preserve the purity of white. It should be noted that White includes people from north Africa, which seems strange in France, because it is precisely what you would like to differentiate, so that we don’t see why Hispanics would have a category of their own.
There is in mankind a broad continuum of colors, all identifiable to the eye, but the categories are constructed by the story. It is seen that designate and classify causes problems without end, it can probably go ; universalism is blind to color, even if it is regularly undermined in reality, remains a utopia, rational, and desirable. Hide Colbert does we closer to not.