increased sales of drugs for stress and sleep disorders

Overall, the confinement and the Covid-19 epidemic have rather lowered the consumption of drugs, notes the “Epi-flagship” report on the use of city drugs in France made public on October 19 by the Medicines Agency (Ansm). “However, two therapeutic classes of drugs for mental disorders, lAnxiolytics and hypnotics have seen their consumption and their establishment persistently increased during and during confinement.

This increase probably reflects the significant psychological impact of the Covid-19 epidemic and its social, professional and economic“, precise The report, since these treatments fight sleeping troubles and anxiety. “The antidepressants are not affected by this increase at the immediate end of the confinement“, however, notes the drug agency.

Thus, 1.06 million prescriptions ofanxiolytics additional were observed between the 1st week of confinement and mid-September. For hypnotics, 478,000 more deliveries were observed. Over the same period, there were respectively 4.6% and 2.6% departures from additional treatments compared to 2019.

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Covid-19: WHO approves wave of restrictions sweeping across Europe

With more than 330,000 positive Covid-19 cases per day, most European countries are tightening health restrictions. And they must be severe, because it is a question of saving thousands of lives affirms the World Health Organization for whom the second wave is just starting to sweep over Europe:

“The autumn / winter wave continues to unfold in Europe with an exponential increase in daily cases and a corresponding increase in the percentage of daily deaths. The evolution of the epidemiological situation in Europe is very worrying” said Hans Kluge, director of WHO Europe.

And the WHO warns, if “strategies to ease” restrictions were carried out, mortality levels “four to five times higher than April” could occur “by January”.

Closure of borders in question?

No country has yet mentioned closing borders as in the first wave, but most parts of Europe have been classified in red by European Union health authorities.

Among them, the France, which recorded more than 30,600 new cases on Thursday with a high positivity rate of 12.6%. 88 people have died from Covid-19 in the past 24 hours and 1,750 people are in intensive care, 6,529 hospitalizations have been recorded over the last 7 days.

But the question arises of a relaxation of the curfew from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m. in favor of the cultural community. Cinemas and theaters, artists, fear for their survival, like restaurant owners and café managers.

Prime Minister Jean Castex declared yesterday that “at 9 p.m. everyone should be at home”. But it would be a question, for example, that a cinema ticket or a ticket for a show serve as proof to avoid the fine. Nothing is decided yet.

At UK also, the runaway Covid-19 imposes new restrictions. In London and seven other regions, more than 11 million people are banned from receiving people outside their homes and they will have to reduce their trips to a minimum from this weekend.

In Manchester, the mayor Andy Burnham can not take it any longer, he rejects this placement in level 3 alert, which he qualifies overly as arbitrary:

“People are tired of being treated this way. The North is tired of being pushed around, we don’t want to be pushed around anymore. It’s a pandemic, where people’s lives, their jobs, their home businesses are in play. You know, it’s not just a little politics game. It’s real. “

Some of the most drastic restrictions were approved in Poland. Many regions, including the capital, Warsaw, have been classified in the red category. This means that the schools have closed their doors.

A government decision that follows the increase in Covid-19 cases which is pushing the Polish health system to the brink.

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Towards a new confinement in Belgium? The figures are worrying, here is the situation in your town on Monday

Between October 5 and 11, hospitalizations continued to increase, with an average of 125 daily admissions (+ 67.5%). There are now 1,329 patients hospitalized for Covid-19 in Belgian hospitals, of which 243 are in intensive care.

Between October 2 and 8, the virus killed more than 16 people (+ 6.7%) on average per day.

Since the start of the epidemic in Belgium, 162,258 people have tested positive for Covid-19 and 10,191 have died.

The test positivity rate, i.e. the proportion of positive people out of all those tested, has now reached 10.4% nationally.

You can discover, in the map and the table below, the number of cases reported in your town yesterday, since September 1 (date of the start of the school year) and since the start of the epidemic.


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No preventive confinement before Christmas, announces Olivier Véran


health

«
What will happen at the end of October (date of the All Saints holidays, editor’s note) depends on what we will do in the coming days and weeks
», Declared the minister, interviewed Sunday in Le Grand Jury RTL-Le Figaro-LCI.

«
If the circulation of the virus increases and it is not slowed down, if we do not put all the necessary means to slow down its circulation, well this endangers our health system and the French themselves
“, he added.

Regarding the proposal of the two Nobel laureates in economics, Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, to establish a national confinement on the first 20 days of December to allow the French to find their families during the holidays, Olivier Véran believes that this scenario is ” of the order of prediction ”.

«
I do not plan to in two months to plan on the comet
», Declared the Minister. “
I project myself day by day with my batteries of figures (…), feedback from the field, in order to offer the French the safest path so that (…) they can spend family celebrations in good conditions. It will not go through an early confinement of three weeks
».

«
We do not want to completely stop the economic, social, cultural, sporting, family life of the French. This is why we take decisions which are adapted to the gravity of the moment ”and which are“ territorialized
He defended.

Thus, since this week, the Aix-Marseille metropolis and Guadeloupe have been placed in the maximum alert zone, a classification which is accompanied by very restrictive measures (including the total closure of bars and restaurants for two weeks). Eleven other cities, including Paris, are in a heightened alert zone, again with restrictive measures but less than in the “maximum” zone.

A late flu?

Olivier Véran has also urged the nursing staff to “
protect themselves and their patients
»By getting vaccinated against the flu from October 13, start date of the vaccination campaign.

«
We have a target
” who is from “
protect all so-called priority audiences from influenza
“, Ie 17 million French people: sick, elderly, caregivers to prevent them from contaminating patients – the Minister recalled.

“Usually we are below 50% of target, unfortunately. WHO considers that it would be necessary to be at 75% of the target to be fully effective, ”he warned.

Make vaccination compulsory for these categories? The minister is there “
not refractory
»But it is« extremely complicated to coerce ».

It is unnecessary to be vaccinated before the start of the campaign, otherwise it will lose effectiveness., he warned.

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Anders Tegnell, Chief Epidemiologist of Sweden: “We are satisfied with our strategy”

Published on :

In an interview with France 24, Anders Tegnell, chief epidemiologist of the Swedish Public Health Agency, in charge of Sweden’s strategy to fight Covid-19, welcomes the country’s policy to manage the health crisis. “We don’t like to impose anything in Sweden in the area of ​​public health,” he explains.

While, throughout the world, the vast majority of states have imposed strict confinement on their population and, in many cases, made the wearing of masks compulsory in closed public places, the Sweden a refused to confine its population and preferred to focus on responsibility, as well as on the sense of civility of its fellow citizens.

>> To read: “Sweden, the European exception to confinement”

Today, with low mortality and a declining number of cases, Dr Anders Tegnell, the architect of this strategy, welcomes this policy and says he is “confident” for the future.

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“He was very afraid of a second confinement”

“He took his last bow,” explains his brother Philippe, also a restaurateur at “Labo 4” in Liège, modestly. Clinically dead for several days, his relatives decided to let him go, not without having given permission to the doctors to remove certain organs.

The prospect of a second wave and ending up again with a closed restaurant got the better of his last efforts. “Of course he had personal problems, like everyone else,” his brother continues. But the fact of not being able to fully exercise his profession, which was also his passion, is also a big part of his decision. “

“He was very afraid of a second confinement”, the full testimony of his brother.

Gérard Miller was well known in the region.

Another well-known restaurateur, Marc Carnevale, pays tribute to him and denounces the current situation of restaurateurs and independents

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China confines one and a half million people – coronavirus

China on Sunday, July 28, confined about 1.5 million people in an area close to the capital, Beijing, hit by a new outbreak of covid-19 infections, which the authorities still describe as “serious and complex”.

The country had managed to contain the evolution of contagions due to the new coronavirus, but the detection of more than 300 new cases in the city in just over two weeks has fueled fears of a second wave of contamination.

Local authorities have meanwhile launched a vast testing campaign, closed schools, asked Beijing residents to stay in the city, avoiding displacement outside the capital, and confined several thousand people to residential areas considered to be at greatest risk of contagion.

Today, according to the agency France-Presse, the local authorities announced the confinement of the canton of Anxin, located about 60 kilometers south of the capital, in the province of Hebei, where eleven cases were detected related to the outbreak in Beijing.

The indications are that only one person per family will be able to go out once a day to buy food or medicine.

The Health Ministry said today that China had diagnosed 17 new cases of covid-19 in the past 24 hours, including 14 in Beijing.

All cases in Beijing are locally contagious. The remaining three are from abroad and have been diagnosed in different parts of the country.

The China Health Commission has reported no new deaths across the country.

The number of active cases was set at 415, including eight in serious condition.

According to official data, since the beginning of the pandemic, China has registered 83,500 infected and 4,634 dead due to covid-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).

The covid-19 pandemic has already claimed more than 498,000 deaths and infected more than 10 million people in 196 countries and territories, according to a report by the French agency AFP.

The disease is transmitted by a new coronavirus detected in late December in Wuhan, a city in central China.

.

China confines one and a half million people – coronavirus

China on Sunday, July 28, confined about 1.5 million people in an area close to the capital, Beijing, hit by a new outbreak of covid-19 infections, which the authorities still describe as “serious and complex”.

The country had managed to contain the evolution of contagions due to the new coronavirus, but the detection of more than 300 new cases in the city in just over two weeks has fueled fears of a second wave of contamination.

Local authorities have meanwhile launched a vast testing campaign, closed schools, asked Beijing residents to stay in the city, avoiding displacement outside the capital, and confined several thousand people to residential areas considered to be at greatest risk of contagion.

Today, according to the agency France-Presse, the local authorities announced the confinement of the canton of Anxin, located about 60 kilometers south of the capital, in the province of Hebei, where eleven cases were detected related to the outbreak in Beijing.

The indications are that only one person per family will be able to go out once a day to buy food or medicine.

The Health Ministry said today that China had diagnosed 17 new cases of covid-19 in the past 24 hours, including 14 in Beijing.

All cases in Beijing are locally contagious. The remaining three are from abroad and have been diagnosed in different parts of the country.

The China Health Commission has reported no new deaths across the country.

The number of active cases was set at 415, including eight in serious condition.

According to official data, since the beginning of the pandemic, China has registered 83,500 infected and 4,634 dead due to covid-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).

The covid-19 pandemic has already claimed more than 498,000 deaths and infected more than 10 million people in 196 countries and territories, according to a report by the French agency AFP.

The disease is transmitted by a new coronavirus detected in late December in Wuhan, a city in central China.

.

Coronavirus. Alert on the confinement abuse of patients in psychiatry

It is prohibited to‘” locking up psychiatric patients under the containment health “recalled this Friday 19 June 2020, the comptroller general of places of deprivation of liberty (CGLPL) which has made recommendations to mental hospitals after finding “serious “ abuse.

During a visit to the psychiatric hospital Roger Prevot of Moisselles (Val d Oise) on may 18, Adeline Hazan, observed “serious human rights violations of people who are hospitalized “some of these have been locked in to office.

These abuses are the result “a confusion between the regime of solitary confinement psychiatric established by the code of public health and the containment of health decided by the public authorities “ in the framework of the fight against the coronavirus, regrets the comptroller general in his report.

In this facility, which treats of the inhabitants of the Hauts-de-Seine, patients have found themselves locked up 24 hours on 24 in their rooms while they had no suspicion of Covid-19, and without medical advice written by a psychiatrist.

A confinement is illegal

However, the confinement is illegal “in the absence of a decision by a psychiatrist on clinical considerations “reminds Adeline Hazan, who points out that “the poor understanding alleged gestures barriers by patients could not justify a confinement systematic “.

To raise “any ambiguity “she was sent to the minister of Health a series of recommendations for psychiatric hospitals.

Thus, “if a patient care free to accept psychiatric treatment, but refuses hospitalization in a unit Covid “it must be able to “leaving the hospital, regardless of its position in relation to Covid-19 “, she says.

“It belongs to the psychiatrist, and to him alone, to assess individually whether such a refusal is the result of psychiatric pathology or the free will of the patient “specifies the CGLPL.

The confinement in their room, patients who do not meet the containment, or the gestures of the barrier “can only be based on a decision of isolation motivated by the immediate danger or impending of the patient or others “, she adds.

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Interfaith dialogue put to the test of confinement

Although long overdue, it didn’t take long before the symbolic Auschwitz trip to March 4 was canceled due to the Covid-19 epidemic. “The decision was made quickly, and well before the confinement”, we say behind the scenes, not without a touch of pride. Proposed by the World Islamic League and the Foundation of Islam of France, this trip was to bring together French representatives of the Jewish, Muslim and Christian religions on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi camps.

→ READ. Praying together, what does it mean?

Many interreligious events have been canceled or postponed during the spring, due to confinement: meetings together with Mary for the feast of the Annunciation, but also cross-invitations as part of the Passover, Easter and of Ramadan, which followed one another in April and May.

“I fear that with the interruption of these interreligious events, which are a privileged opportunity to strengthen the bonds between believers, habits are lost and it will be more difficult, then, to restart them”, fears Father Christian Delorme, engaged in Islamic-Christian dialogue in Lyon. All the more so than those concerned believe, digital tools, although they have been in great demand to keep links within the same community, have hardly taken over in the context of interfaith meetings.

In some places, confinement has, however, favored a boom in these meetings, such as in Beauvais (Oise), where a “Solidarity House” has been set up to distribute food parcels to the most disadvantaged for six weeks. In a gymnasium loaned by the city intervened various associations, secular and religious, in an agreement qualified as ’“Exceptional”.

Trust feeling

The circumstances also being exceptional, the national representatives of the various cults will have exchanged a lot during the confinement, in particular on the sidelines of the two videoconferences to which the Élysée invited them, on March 23 and April 21. “We have called each other several times between these two meetings, more than usual”, reports François Clavairoly, president of the Protestant Federation of France (FPF) and of the Council of religious leaders in France (CRCF). “There is between us a climate of trust and sharing, linked to the nature of the CRCF (1), which is not a place for decisions but for exchanges and common questioning. “

When should the places of worship be closed? How to organize a religious funeral while respecting health measures? How to stay in touch with the sick, bereaved or lonely faithful? So many questions for which the interreligious exchanges will have been, according to the interested parties, precious. “Rooted in our particular traditions, we carry the same concern, which is to be at the service of those who are entrusted to us”, continues François Clavairoly. “We all find ourselves naked in front of a pandemic which is sweeping away ours: it brings us closer”, adds Father Vincent Feroldi, in charge of relations with Muslims within the Conference of Bishops of France (CEF).

However, these officials refuse to speak of “Front of religions”. “There were informal exchanges but each cult arrived at videoconferences with its perception and experience, and our requests were not necessarily concerted”, observes Carol Saba, communications manager for the Assembly of Orthodox Bishops of France.

Proof of this autonomy of the cults vis-à-vis each other: the toll-free number for spiritual accompaniment for people experiencing confinement, set up at the end of March. After considering a single number, religious leaders finally opted for separate lines, for each worship. “A common number would have meant a kind of syncretism”, considers the Chief Rabbi of France Haïm Korsia.

Tensions around the resumption of ceremonies

The videoconferences with President Macron, in which the Masonic lodges also participated, will have been the occasion to see the arrival of a new interlocutor: the National Council of Evangelicals of France (CNEF). Unaccustomed to contact with non-Christian cults, he deplores, through his director general Clément Diedrichs, that this entry into the picture took place in the context of the implication of the evangelicals in the spread of the epidemic , very publicized (2). “The main support we received came from the Catholic press. The FPF also made an article clarifying things, but for the other religions, there was, to my knowledge, no official communications. “

The rector of the Great Mosque of Lyon Kamel Kabtane also says he has been “Very alone” at a time of confinement, when identity networks violently questioned him on the Internet for having organized a call to Muslim prayer on March 25. “I had just taken this initiative to join that of the Catholic Church, in solidarity with the caregivers, and I was called an Islamist! ” he takes offense, stating that if the reactions have “Slow to come”, he still appreciated the support of various religious leaders in Lyon, in a press release dated April 29.

But it was around the date of resumption of religious ceremonies that the tensions were most salient. If the representatives of religions often refuse to speak of it in terms of “Friction”, preferring to see a epiphenomenon », they admit, however, that they have not succeeded in defending a common position on this point.

“Even if I respect the Catholic Church’s request to resume the ceremonies as soon as possible, I admit that I find it difficult to understand it”, says Mohammed Moussaoui, president of the French Council for Muslim Worship (CFCM). Part of the Muslims of France, dissatisfied with being “deprived” of the festival of Eid El Fitr unlike the Jews and Christians for Shavuot and Pentecost, consider themselves “discriminated”.

A position all the less understandable, for Mohammed Moussaoui, than “If things go wrong, we, the cults, would be blamed collectively. ” For him, it is clear: “What people learned from the evangelical gathering in Mulhouse was above all that the virus had left a place of worship. “

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