Ten years of the Sun’s activity in a fascinating time-lapse video

425 million images condensed into one hour video – by EB /CorriereTv

The American space agency NASA has taken the 425 million high-resolution images taken by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) telescope in the last decade and condensed them into a one-hour video (which you can find here). In the movie, each second represents one day of the year. Filming starts on June 2, 2010 and ends with the latest snapshots of June 1, 2020.


Lavrov: Europe is not going to open borders for Russians yet

European countries have not yet considered the possibility of opening borders for Russians, based on the number of detected cases of coronavirus infection in the country, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in an interview with RT.

“Europe is now being opened, but, given the number of detected cases of infection, Russia, like the USA and Brazil, at this stage is considered as a country for which Europe has not yet opened,” the minister said. According to him, now Russia is assessing the epidemiological situation for the resumption of air traffic. When asked when the borders would be opened, Lavrov replied that he did not know.

On March 20, Russia, due to the coronavirus pandemic, stopped foreign rail traffic, a week later passenger air service with other countries was limited. On June 8, part of the restrictions was lifted – the Russians were allowed to leave the country to work and study, as well as to take care of sick relatives living in other states. Since June 15, the European Union has opened almost all internal borders. The European Commission previously recommended the launch of a phased opening of external borders on July 1.


US oil shale pioneer declares bankruptcy

Chesapeake Energy, one of the first in the United States to begin exploration and production of shale oil, filed for bankruptcy. She sent the documents to the District Bankruptcy Court in Texas, according to the company’s website.

Chesapeake Energy asks the court for protection under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Act, which allows for the reorganization of the company. The company’s debt is estimated at about $ 7 billion, the report said. Losses of Chesapeake Energy in the I quarter of 2020 amounted to $ 8.3 billion, liquidity at the end of March – $ 82 million. Previously, the company entered into an agreement with creditors. According to him, companies will provide a loan of $ 925 million and another $ 600 million for the issuance of debt bills.

Since January, Chesapeake shares have fallen by more than 93%, from $ 172 to $ 11.85, according to data at the close of trading on Friday, June 26. In early June, Bloomberg, citing sources, said that control of the company could go to one of the main lenders. According to CNBS, including Franklin Templeton, which manages assets, and Fidelity Investments, which provides financial services.

US shale oil producers write off up to $ 300 billion of assets in the second quarter of 2020, in the first quarter they wrote off assets of $ 38 billion. According to Deloitte estimates, 30% of shale oil developers can go bankrupt with an average oil price of $ 35 per barrel (in this quarter it is still $ 27), and another 20% will experience serious financial problems. According to the New York Times, about two dozen U.S. oil producers have already filed applications since the beginning of the year by resorting to Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Act. By the end of May, US average daily oil production fell to 11.2 million barrels from more than 13 million barrels in March, according to the Energy Information Administration. A decrease in production of approximately 1.75 million barrels this spring is directly related to the cessation of work on existing wells, according to IHS Markit. According to her forecasts, most of the production will be able to return by the end of September.


SpaceX, pressure test on the new prototype: the explosion is impressive

The Starship SN7 spaceship was designed to carry passengers on the Moon and Mars | CorriereTv

The explosion was probably expected. In fact, it was a cryogenic pressure test carried out by the SpaceX team of Elon Musk on the prototype of the Starship SN7, the spaceship designed to carry a hundred passengers on long-lasting trips to the Moon, Mars and beyond


“Roskosmos” named the flaws of the ship Ilona Mask Crew Dragon

Roscosmos experts listed the shortcomings of SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft by Ilona Mask, as follows from material in the journal Russian Space Corporation. Among the shortcomings, experts called the inconvenient design of the ship, the placement of engines behind the wall of the cabin and the lack of a normal toilet.

Experts questioned the safety of the crew being close to a “couple of tons of toxic fuel components” fed under pressure to the engines of the emergency rescue system. The article also notes the capacity of the ship’s cabin. She, according to experts, is much more spacious than the Soyuz spacecraft, since it is designed for seven astronauts. At the same time, NASA cut the crew to four people. “It turns out that in order to solve its main task – the delivery of people to the ISS – the new ship so far looks oversized,” the article says.

During each use, the toilet was separated from the rest of the cabin by a symbolic screen, which was complained by astronauts flying on the shuttle, as indicated in the article. At the same time, the article notes that the Crew Dragon is more reliable and cheaper than the shuttles that operated before the US in 2011.

This is not the first statement of Roskosmos about Crew Dragon. At the end of May, after launching the ship into orbit, the official representative of the state corporation Vladimir Ustimenko said that Roskosmos “did not see anything unusual in a successful launch.” “The hysteria that arose after the successful launch of the Crew Dragon ship is not very clear. Something happened that should have happened a long time ago, ”he wrote on Twitter.


The sudden disappearance of the most important features of the application “WhatsApp” from your phones.. new feature or technical malfunction of?

Stated thousands of application users instant messaging WhatsApp, for the disappearance of many advantages linked to the chat on the app like Typing وOnline last seen, which clarified the status of other users.

It is not yet known whether it was just a technical glitch, temporary, or WhatsApp is testing new features to chat.

He explained the location of calcalistechK technical, i sites to monitor web applications such as Down Detector, which monitors unusual activities on the platforms of digital, reported a sharp rise in complaints from WhatsApp.

Scored Down Detector more than 4000 report concerning the conflict of the users of WhatsApp, where 70% of them watch the disappearance of characteristic of Typing and Online and Last seen.

But the report also drew that 24% of users are experiencing a problem in communication, because the premise of artistic creation.

News Now


Ferrari production returns to full speed: «Let’s start again»

A Monza SP2, an 812 GTS and an F8 Tributo among the first cars to come out of the lines CorriereTv

During the week, the Ferrari plants in Maranello and Modena gradually returned to full operation, as per the «Back on Track» program. The first car to come out of the Special Series lines, after seven weeks in which processing was suspended a few hours after its completion, was a Ferrari Monza SP2 with black and gray livery. In the following days a 812 GTS spider in Gray GTS and a F8 Tributo in Rosso Corsa were among the first cars to be completed with 12 and 8 cylinder lines. The three models are now ready to be delivered to their owners, in the USA, Australia and Germany respectively, and to finally conquer the road.


Behind the scenes of Brussels – Containment: the debate prohibited

It only took a few moments, on March 16, for the Head of State and his government, in the name of the fight against the coronavirus pandemic, to place the French under house arrest and deprive them of most of their freedoms civil, political and social that we thought inalienable: freedom to come and go, freedom of assembly, freedom to undertake, freedom to work, etc. Justice has almost been brought to a halt, lawyers confined, provisional detentions automatically extended, the police (understood in a very extensive sense since they include municipal police officers and the like) invested with full powers apply these custodial measures.

Containment without legal basis

This suspension of the rule of law was done without legal basis. Indeed, the decree of March 16 restricting the movement of citizens does not fall within the powers of the executive, since only a judicial judge, the liberty judge, can normally decide on an individual basis. Nevertheless, administrative justice, in this case the Council of State, validated it on the basis of the jurisprudential theory of “exceptional circumstances”, which is probably not its most inspired decision.

It was only on March 23 that Parliament gave a legal basis to the measures announced on March 17 by hastily passing the law creating a “state of health emergency” which authorizes the government to trigger it “in the event of a disaster. health endangering, by its nature and gravity, the health of the population ”, a particularly vague definition. This whole law cultivates vagueness, the offenses it provides for example leaving a large part to police interpretation and therefore to arbitrariness. Renewable by Parliament – possibly for a period longer than two months – it gives full powers to the executive, Parliament being stripped of its powers and reduced to the role of mere spectator. If the Assembly has not changed the government’s plan, the majority being what it is, the Senate, dominated by the classic right, has fortunately managed to introduce some safeguards in this improvised text and poorly put together in providing in particular that it will cease to apply in any event on 1er April 2021, unless a law to the contrary is passed. A fundamental clarification which the government services had curiously not thought of.

Not quite a dictatorship

It is remarkable that this exceptional legislation, justified by the use of a warlike language unique in Europe (“We are at war”) was not the subject of a referral to the Constitutional Council, the opposition, all as forbidden from terror as public opinion, having given up exercising its rights, an unprecedented fact, when it is a particularly serious attack on the rule of law. The constitutional judges were only seized on one point of detail, the suspension of the time limits to judge the questions preliminary of constitutionality (QPC), a provision which it moreover validated.

As long as the state of health emergency applies (until the end of July we have just learned), France is no longer a democracy, even if it is not quite a dictatorship. In his time, François Mitterrand denounced the “permanent coup” that were the institutions of the Fifth Republic. The coronavirus has made it possible to carry out this institutional logic. The head of state, relying on a submissive majority and facing non-existent opposition, seized all the levers of power by invoking the need to preserve the health of the French and a health emergency that he does did not want to see it coming, he who ten days earlier encouraged the French to continue living as before.

This parenthesis of the rule of law was accompanied by the brutal halt of a large part of the economy, a logical consequence of confinement. Above all, the government decided, without any consultation, which businesses could remain open, forcing companies to lay off more than 11 million private sector workers.

Lack of debate

It is truly staggering that these exceptional powers entrusted to the State to apply a brutal and without nuance confinement to an entire country, one of the hardest in Europe with those of Spain, Italy and Belgium , did not give rise to any debate, as if there was no other choice. However, never a democracy used in the past this method to fight against a pandemic (there was only partial confinements at the beginning of the previous century), in particular during the Spanish flu of 1918-1919, of the Asian flu of 1959 or of the Hong Kong flu of 1969. The fact that containment was a solution invented by China, a totalitarian regime, to contain the coronavirus pandemic should at least have questioned its legitimacy. However, it imposed itself almost naturally, all playing in reality when Italy took the decision to confine the whole of its population from March 10, which caused a domino effect, each wanting to show that he was also keen to protect its population: Spain imposed it on March 15, France on March 16, Belgium on March 18 …

However, there was room for debate and on all fronts. On the principle of containment itself first. Because it is only a stopgap aimed at slowing the spread of the virus and avoiding congestion in hospitals which could result in additional deaths. Clearly, the virus will continue to circulate and kill those it must kill after the containment is lifted – in a proportion that no one knows – since it does not exist and will not exist for one or two years a vaccine and that treatments are still in the experimental stage.

Containment is a political trap

Obviously, no one realized that it was going to be very difficult to get out of the containment once decided without political damage, a part of the public opinion risking to be self-persuaded over the days that it is in eradicating the disease. If the pandemic continues to kill, and it will, the government will be automatically accused of endangering the health of its citizens to save “the economy”, a swear word for some French people as if working for a living was secondary to health… In other words, the temptation will be strong to return to blind confinement to silence the controversies or to get out of them as late as possible, the path chosen by France after six weeks of state of emergency sanitary.

This is also why countries like Sweden, Switzerland, Germany or the Netherlands either have not adopted this strategy, letting life take its normal course, or have applied it with much more finesse, which made it possible to avoid passing through the box of exceptional powers entrusted to the executive and especially to break the economy.

Why confine an entire country?

This total foreclosure of a country is all the more questionable since whole regions were and are almost untouched by the virus: why impose the same treatment in Creuse as in Ile de France, in Puglia as in Milan ? Why not have it confined to the extent of the pandemic, just like Germany, where the Länder are competent in public health, has done with the success we know? Thus, from the start, two foci were identified in France: the Oise and Mulhouse. However, rather than reacting immediately by isolating these two regions and deploying military medical means to relieve hospitals, the government procrastinated, allowing the virus to spread. It remains staggering that it was not until March 24, a week after the decision to confine the country, that the military medical service was sent to reinforce Mulhouse! From there to think that total containment was also motivated by the inability of the authorities to anticipate the crisis, there is only one step that I will be careful not to take.

Similarly, the choice of companies to close and the precautions to be taken would also have been a possible area of ​​discussion. For example, it quickly became known that air conditioning allowed the virus to circulate more than a meter and contaminate many people. So does closing shoe repair shops, art galleries or florists and leaving supermarkets open make medical sense? Likewise, was school closure necessary? All this was left to the discretion of a bureaucracy without control and without any consultation with all economic and social actors.

Why place an entire population under residence?

Finally, it appeared very early on that the disease was overwhelmingly fatal for people over the age of 70 (average age of death in Italy or France: 80) and those with serious pathologies, in particular clear the weak. Was it therefore rational to confine all assets and plunge the country into recession? Perhaps we should have focused on protecting these at-risk groups rather than putting a whole country under wraps without thinking of tomorrow, especially since we know full well that the virus is here for a long time.

The debate becomes, at this point, particularly emotional, because it refers to our relationship to death. Why has such a pandemic, which is not the first the world has faced and which is especially far from being the most deadly in history, led states to decide on unprecedented measures while knowing that they were not a cure? Why such a panic, especially when you compare the mortality caused by the coronavirus with that of other diseases? Although we must still be careful, since five months after its appearance, we still know very little about covid-19, which should warn us about the scientism that seized us, the doctors having said everything and its contrary to this pandemic, making political decision particularly difficult. However, let’s remember that 400,000 new cancers are diagnosed each year in France and that 150,000 French people die from it, and yet tobacco and alcohol are still not banned, while that would avoid much of it. If all life deserves to be saved, why be so casual about cancer? Similarly, seasonal flu (while there is a vaccine that a large majority considers dispensable) kill each year between 3,000 and 15,000 people (not to mention the more than 30,000 deaths from the Hong Kong flu in 1969 in a country of 51 million inhabitants or the equivalent number of deaths in 1959 in a country of 45 million inhabitants), seasonal respiratory infections 68,000 people, road accidents 3500 people to which must be added the disabled for life. And yet, no one has thought of banning the car (and every measure aimed at strengthening safety has its share of protests, remember the 80 km / h) or to make the fight against pollution or junk food a categorical imperative.

If we look at the statistics of mortality in the world, we see that hunger (yet easy and inexpensive to eradicate), malaria, AIDS or even wars (often made with the weapons produced by our industries) kill infinitely more than the coronavirus will ever kill.

Choose your comrade side, but there is only one good side, that of containment!

It would probably be necessary to question the responsibility of the audiovisual media in this panic which has taken hold of Western public opinion (with a German exception, German televisions having voluntarily decided to treat covid-19 in the place it deserves). Announce every morning the number of dead without putting them in perspective (compared to the usual average of the dead, their age, the comorbidity from which they suffered, etc.), devote entire newspapers to the pandemic can only shake even the best made heads … Imagine that every morning the number of deaths in France is truncated for all causes and that all the newspapers are devoted to it: who would still dare to simply live?

This is not to say that a death is immaterial, but simply that any public policy must be subject to a cost-benefit assessment. If we do not ban the sale of weapons, tobacco, alcohol, cars, trucks, thermal power stations, it is because collectively we believe that the cost would be greater than the benefit we would derive from it. But this debate, in the emotional surge that has been going on for two months, is in fact prohibited. Those who dared to question the chosen strategy and especially on its duration were pilloried by the most radical, those who are heard. To be opposed to the prolongation of confinement is to be for the “sacrifice” of those who are sick, “to spit in the mouth of the dead” and so on. In short, choose your comrade side, but there is only one good side, that of containment! I have even been threatened with death, myself and my family, by good people who believe that all life must be saved at any cost without the contradiction of their words touching their minds for daring to me. question in two tweets from April 9, three weeks after the start of confinement: ” It’s crazy when you think about it: plunging the world into the worst recession since the Second World War for a pandemic that has so far killed less than 100,000 people (not to mention their advanced age) in a world of 7 billion inhabitants. Seasonal flu, which kills especially young children, is between 290,000 and 650,000 per year worldwide. And everyone fucks, but serious. “

The worst recession of all time outside of the war (and more)

However, confinement will lead to an unimaginable recession by its violence: it should reach between 8% and 15% of GDP, an unprecedented decline in activity in peacetime (we must go back to 1942 to record a recession of -10 %). We have never brought an economy to a complete halt as we have just done, we must be aware of this. Partial unemployment now affects nearly twelve million workers (one in two private workers!) And the layoffs caused by thousands of business bankruptcies will number in the hundreds of thousands or even millions once the partial unemployment scheme supported by the state will expire (because it costs a fortune). And the longer the shutdown, the more difficult it will be to restart. The cost generated by the establishment of a social safety net and by economic plans will lead to an unprecedented deterioration in public accounts and the young generations who will have to pay twice for confinement: by the loss of their jobs and by raising taxes for those who will keep it.

It should not be forgotten that unemployment is also a health catastrophe, but more diffuse and therefore socially more acceptable: we thus estimate at 14,000 the deaths which it causes each year in France by induced diseases. And how not to speak of its procession of misery, hunger, social downgrading, etc. The effects of confinement are also going to have terrible consequences on the minds of French people, on violence against women and children, on their health (for example, early screenings for cancer, stroke, heart attack are suspended and nothing is known about suicides, etc.), about dropping out of school (how many children have simply disappeared from the system? ).

A lastingly weakened rule of law

Finally, to believe that public freedoms, democracy, will come out intact from this episode is just a sweet dream. The state of health emergency will remain enshrined in our law for a long time exactly as the state of emergency, launched in 2015, was finally incorporated into ordinary law. It is rare for a state to give up on its own the powers gained over the legislature and the justice system. The tracking of individuals, via smartphones, which some consider to be a necessity, could well become the rule in the name of safeguarding our health which has become THE priority, privacy being reduced to the rank of concern of another age. Having chosen total containment and the state of emergency will leave lasting traces in French democracy.

I do not pretend to provide an answer here. Simply, the first elements of the deconfinement show that another way would have been possible: confinement not department, wide discretion left to local authorities, referral to the judicial judge to register the carriers of the virus, etc. I just regret the absence of democratic deliberation before the establishment of the state of health emergency and its extension. As if sacrificing generations under the age of 60 and suspending the rule of law were obvious facts.

In provisional conclusion, I think that we should not be mistaken about the meaning of the unimaginable event that we are experiencing: it is the triumph of individualism, that of the immediate health of the individual in the face of well-being current and future collective. The terms of the debate are in reality identical to those of climate change: should we accept to sacrifice our immediate well-being to ensure the survival of the human species?

Some reading tips:

Note from the magistrates’ union on the state of health emergency

“Let us beware of falling into a sickly, viro-induced, social and political reactivity”

The catastrophic cost-benefit of containment

Breaking out of blind confinement

Dare to discuss confinement (a Belgian point of view)

Will the remedy ultimately be worse than the coronavirus? (a Swiss point of view)

“Let us die as we wish” and “I prefer to catch covid-19 in a free country than to escape it in a totalitarian state”


Coronavirus: Zaia: ‘We do not withdraw orders, Veneto can open everything’. De Luca: ‘Mandatory mask or sanctions’ – Policy

VENETO – “The ordinances introduced by Veneto are not in contrast with the Dpcm but want to bring a principle of common sense and respect towards the citizen”. So Luca Zaia, who adds: “legal battles lead to nothing. We don’t make ordinances to look for muscle tests or to throw it into politics. It seems to me that Minister Boccia, representing the government, has understood our will; I think that for almost all the measures subject to the ordinance there is the possibility to demonstrate an alignment with the Dpcm so we do not withdraw them “.

“One of the disputes – Zaia explained – is the sale of clothing for children and that of flowers and plants ‘open air’ to the market: it is not foreseen – he clarified – But I pointed out that they are sold in the florist shop, in the garden, in supermarkets. If the dispute is this compared to the amount of work we have done – he concluded – I would say that we are at a good point “. “Veneto can open everything – he added -. Obviously on a solid basis of a certification that the Scientific Committee gives us. But we could, in principle, face any kind of openness “. Thus the president of Veneto, Luca Zaia, according to which” the theme is to understand if we all enter the order of ideas that is not over and that we are living with virus. The mask is one of the sine qua non conditions for this battle. “” I think that the direction, hearing the various colleagues, – he said – will go towards the re-opening differentiated between the regions “

“We have a plan, which we hope will become operational in September, which travels on 30,000 tampons per day.” This was announced by the president of Veneto, Luca Zaia who explained that the ambition would be to do more and for this reason “it was decided to buy three other machines in addition to the one already existing in Padua. Machines that allow you to make 9 thousand daily tampons which will be placed in the hubs of Treviso, Vicenza and Venice. If we could buy them, we could get 50,000 tampons a day. “
“Now – he added – we have a capacity of 11-12 thousand daily tampons”. “We hope – he hoped – that the parameters are confrontable. This is an aspect that I formally contested with the Technical-scientific Committee: there is a lot of talk about the numbers of the infected as a parameter: but if one does not make buffers, he has not infected. virtuous is penalized more than he does. Now we are about 350 thousand. There are no other realities that have done so many tests like us. In addition to this, the 700 thousand rapid tests that are all going out as a preparatory screening activity to the swab. “

CAMPANIA – “I want to insist on one thing: we must be strict on the obligation to wear masks outside the home and if it is possible to respect social distancing”. The citizens of Campania asked about it on Fb, the governor of Campania Vincenzo De Luca. “It is essential – he reiterated – and we will be very strict with another ordinance: there is an obligation to wear a mask otherwise there are penalties”.