Mississippi to Drop Flag of Slavery States

Mississippi is the last American state whose flag still bears the colors of the slave states opposed to the North during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Part of the state banner is occupied by the 13-star blue cross on a red background of the Confederate states, a racist symbol in the eyes of many Americans.

The mobilizations that followed the death of George Floyd revived the debate on the legacy of the American Civil War and the elected officials of Mississippi voted, Saturday June 27, by a very clear majority in favor of a new flag.

A strong majority in both rooms

The presence of this Confederate heritage in official symbols has, for decades, been the subject of debate in Mississippi and, more broadly, in the South. In 2001, Georgia had changed its flag, but the voters of Mississippi had strongly opposed, the same year, the same initiative, in a referendum – 64% for the status quo against 36%.

→ REPORTAGE. Camden, the American city that reinvented its police

Mississippi, where 38% of the population is African-American, is therefore the last state to wear the “rebel” colors. But the wave of mobilization linked to the death of George Floyd also affected the cities of the South and revived the debate on the statues of the southern generals and on the Confederate symbols.

Numerous institutions (university, sports, economic, religious …) called to turn the page, and the debate won the Capitol of Jackson, capital of Mississippi. Saturday, June 27, the two chambers, although dominated by the Republicans (36 elected out of 52 in the Senate; 74 out of 122 in the House of Representatives), adopted by a large majority – more than 2/3 – a resolution calling for the development of a new flag.

Mississippi, a symbol of racism in the South in the 20th century

While no southern state has been spared racism and violence in the last century, Mississippi remains associated with particularly grim tragedies. It was in this state that Emmett Till, a black teenager living in Chicago on a vacation in the South, was brutally murdered in 1955.

A few years later, in 1963, Medgar Evers, a figure in the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), was murdered outside his home in Jackson by a member of the Ku Klux Klan. This new drama will inspire Nina Simone “Mississippi Goddam”, a title she always sang with rage, which will become one of the hymns of the fight for civil rights.

This death will not be the only one. It was still in Mississippi that three student civil rights activists were killed in 1964. In 1988, director Alan Parker drew from this story the plot of his film “Mississippi Burning”.

A referendum next November

The resolution passed on Saturday is only the first step in this procedure. A law must now be debated, this Sunday, June 28, in particular to appoint a commission responsible for designing the new flag. It is stipulated in the resolution that it cannot include the Confederate banner and that it must bear the official American motto “In God we trust”.

The current flag was adopted in 1894, “To signify opposition to civil rights and racial equality”, recalls the Mississippi Historial Society, which called for a change of flag.

The alternative project will then be submitted to voters by referendum, during the presidential and legislative elections on November 3.

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Mississippi to Drop Flag of Slavery States

Mississippi is the last American state whose flag still bears the colors of the slave states opposed to the North during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Part of the state banner is occupied by the 13-star blue cross on a red background of the Confederate states, a racist symbol in the eyes of many Americans.

The mobilizations that followed the death of George Floyd revived the debate on the legacy of the American Civil War and the elected officials of Mississippi voted, Saturday June 27, by a very clear majority in favor of a new flag.

A strong majority in both rooms

The presence of this Confederate heritage in official symbols has, for decades, been the subject of debate in Mississippi and, more broadly, in the South. In 2001, Georgia had changed its flag, but the voters of Mississippi had strongly opposed, the same year, the same initiative, in a referendum – 64% for the status quo against 36%.

→ REPORTAGE. Camden, the American city that reinvented its police

Mississippi, where 38% of the population is African-American, is therefore the last state to wear the “rebel” colors. But the wave of mobilization linked to the death of George Floyd also affected the cities of the South and revived the debate on the statues of the southern generals and on the Confederate symbols.

Numerous institutions (university, sports, economic, religious …) called to turn the page, and the debate won the Capitol of Jackson, capital of Mississippi. Saturday, June 27, the two chambers, although dominated by the Republicans (36 elected out of 52 in the Senate; 74 out of 122 in the House of Representatives), adopted by a large majority – more than 2/3 – a resolution calling for the development of a new flag.

Mississippi, a symbol of racism in the South in the 20th century

While no southern state has been spared racism and violence in the last century, Mississippi remains associated with particularly grim tragedies. It was in this state that Emmett Till, a black teenager living in Chicago on a vacation in the South, was brutally murdered in 1955.

A few years later, in 1963, Medgar Evers, a figure in the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), was murdered outside his home in Jackson by a member of the Ku Klux Klan. This new drama will inspire Nina Simone “Mississippi Goddam”, a title she always sang with rage, which will become one of the hymns of the fight for civil rights.

This death will not be the only one. It was still in Mississippi that three student civil rights activists were killed in 1964. In 1988, director Alan Parker drew from this story the plot of his film “Mississippi Burning”.

A referendum next November

The resolution passed on Saturday is only the first step in this procedure. A law must now be debated, this Sunday, June 28, in particular to appoint a commission responsible for designing the new flag. It is stipulated in the resolution that it cannot include the Confederate banner and that it must bear the official American motto “In God we trust”.

The current flag was adopted in 1894, “To signify opposition to civil rights and racial equality”, recalls the Mississippi Historial Society, which called for a change of flag.

The alternative project will then be submitted to voters by referendum, during the presidential and legislative elections on November 3.

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Bruno The Mayor denouncing “provocation” of the United States

New dustup between France and the United States on the taxation of the giants of the digital. The French finance minister, Bruno Le Maire, has denounced this Thursday, June 18 a “provocation “ of the United States, who have announced by letter their willingness to “do not continue “ the negotiations within the Organization of economic cooperation and development (OECD) on the taxation of the Glasses.

The minister has indicated that they have received “ a letter from the secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin” in which Washington ad doesn’t want to” continue negotiations at the OECD on the taxation of digital “. Counterparts in British, Italian and Spanish Bruno Le Maire also had knowledge of this document according to the minister.

→ TO READ ALSO. Washington said no to the tax Gafa

“This letter is a provocation “, he lamented, ensuring that France, the United Kingdom, Italy and Spain had already responded to Us to confirm in a letter their willingness to obtain “a fair taxation of the digital to the OECD as soon as possible “.

A charge maintained ” whatever happens “

“We were within inches of an agreement on the taxation of the giants of the digital, that may be the only ones in the world to have drawn huge profits from the coronavirus “stressed Bruno Le Maire.

→ TO READ ALSO. The Covid is delaying the tax Gafam and makes it more necessary

“Is the United States going back on their position and arrive at an agreement by the end of the year 2020 and it is international taxation that will apply (…), either there was no agreement at the OECD, because the United States is the only country to block, in this case we will apply our national duty “, he hammered adding that France would apply a tax to the giants of the digital “whatever happens “.

A promise made then that Paris had decided in January to postpone to the end of the year the collection of this tax, already implemented at the time of the French scale, to allow time for the negotiations to succeed. At the end of January, 137 countries had agreed to achieve by the end of 2020 to an agreement on the taxation of multinationals, under the aegis of the OECD.

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In the United States, the Fed takes the risk of supporting businesses ” zombies “

► What are the new measures taken by the us federal Reserve ?

The central Bank of the United States (Fed) announced on Monday June 15 that it would begin the next day to buy up to $ 750 billion of corporate bonds on the secondary market to help overcome the crisis caused by the pandemic of sars coronavirus. So far, the bank redeemed already for the debts of companies held by banks, but it did “in a nutshell “, according to an index. Now, the Fed is going to be even more interventionist in targeting companies in difficulty in order to fly to their rescue.

→ ANALYSIS. The central banks, bulwarks against the crisis

The Fed, in fact, specifies that she will be able to purchase the debts which are rated up to BBB – or BAA3, which is the last level of the debts of “average quality lower than “just before the debts classified as “speculative “.

The announcement came after several historical decisions already taken by the Fed since the start of the pandemic. On 3 march, it had reduced the rate to zero. Then on the 23rd of march, it had indicated that it would be ready for repurchases of title without setting any limit to the amount that it was prepared to spend. And it had included in its program of repurchase the debt of local governments, businesses, and even non-residential property.

► What are the consequences of these purchases ?

The announcement of this new repurchase program has boosted the stock markets, in Europe as in the United States. The Dow Jones, the main index of the u.s. Stock market opened up 2% Tuesday, June 16, and it is well back at 8% level 1er last January, after having fallen from 34% to its lowest point, on the 23rd of march last. “The expansion of the Fed’s balance sheet on the last three months largely accounted for the upward phase “note Alexandre Baradez, Responsible for Analyses of Markets at IG France.

But this massive injection of liquidity into the economy by the Fed has had, as a consequence inflate disproportionately the balance sheet of the central Bank. “It has increased by 3,000 billion dollars in six months, or as much as during the past ten years. The Fed has purchased 100 % of Treasury issuance in recent months “, is Stephane Deo, chief economist of The Banque postale Asset Management. It is the equivalent of 14 % of the u.s. GDP that has been injected into the economy during the last three months, thanks to the action of the central Bank.

► By multiplying the redemption of bonds, the Fed does it not because of his role ?

The intervention of the Fed supports the market credit. But it does run the risk of leaving prosper companies ” zombies “, into near-bankruptcy. The movements of the markets do not seem, in fact, reflect the short-term outlook for the u.s. economy.

The Fed has released the June 10, its first forecasts since the beginning of the pandemic. The gross domestic product of the United States is expected to fall to 6.5% in 2020, and unemployment reaching 9.3% of the active population at the end of the year. Before the pandemic, it was 3.5 %.

In this context, and despite the risks, the Fed gives a priority to pass without too much damage, the period of the air hole facing the country’s economy. Speaker this Tuesday, June 16, in front of a Senate committee, the Fed chairman Jerome Powell, has said repeatedly that he “use all the tools at its disposal to support the economy “.

For him, the priority is to reassure. “A full recovery is unlikely as long as public opinion will not have confidence in the fact that the disease is under control “, a-t-he explained. Restoring trust is therefore the aim, in a first time, and the Fed will do what it takes to get there, at any price.

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After the PPH, the states of soul of the EPP

One reads, here and there, some time since, of the articles, which want to be very informed, and the chances of such or such a minister to keep his post at the next reshuffle and, consequently, the risks of such or such another to lose. Emmanuel Macron has announced, in his last televised speech, that he would look again at the countries at the beginning of July, it is, therefore, to conclude these articles, at the beginning of July will take place in the great upheaval. I remember that in my distant youth, there was talk of PPH, either “will not the winter “to designate, disrespectfully, a person very old. We are, today, about ministers, EPP : will not the summer. I imagine that the EPP putative read as we newspapers.

→ THE FACTS. For the post-Covid-19, Emmanuel Macron sketch a new cap

And do they know what awaits them, if we are to believe the press. Some have to grind the black, that is what I did to deserve it, it really is too unfair. Others, on the contrary, are no doubt secretly relieved : they won may not be the summer, as ministers, but they will finally have a real vacation, they will, in addition, without the fear of taking a “back to school social “in the gums, strikes, manifs, and the whole shebang. For all those who are not ministers (which, in the other, of the world), they want (me included), after the horrors of confinement and the déconfinement, to spend a very nice summer, if it is not too much to ask.

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The coronavirus has killed more people in the US that the First World War

Shortly after 18.00 hrs GMT on the Tuesday, the number of deaths per Covid-19 reached the 116.526, which also means a quarter of the total deaths in all over the world, already reaching 438.399, according to data collected by the Johns Hopkins University.

In the First World War, 116.516 u.s. soldiers were killed while some 320,000 were injured or became ill, according to an encyclopedia on the conflict that was developed by several research centres around the world, including the universities of Birmingham (Uk) and Colorado (USA).

According to this source, 53.402 american soldiers lost their lives in battle and 63.114 died from disease, mostly by the influenza pandemic of 1918.

On a related note: the USA exceeds the the 116,000 dead and 2.11 million infections Covid-19

Currently, in the US the coronavirus infected more than 2.1 million people and is hitting with more force to states that, when he began the pandemic, had just suffered from its impacts, according to the Johns Hopkins University.

In particular, in the last weeks the numbers of new cases have returned to fire at more than one-third of the 50 u.s. states: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, North Carolina and of the South, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont and Washington.

For example, new infections in Florida in the last 24 hours came this Tuesday to 2.783, a new record that sparked concern among local authorities.

The provisional balance of the dead by coronavirus -116.526 was already the lowest of the initial estimates of the White House, which screened in the best of cases, between 100,000 and 240,000 deaths due to the pandemic.

Also read: Trump says the U.S. “breaks down his relationship with the WHO for the management of Covid-19

The us president, Donald Trump, lowered the estimates and was confident that the final figure would be between 50,000 and 60,000 deaths, although in their recent calculations predicted already up to 110,000 dead, a number that also exceeded.

For its part, the Institute of Metrics and Health Assessments (IHME) at the University of Washington, in whose models of prediction of the evolution of the pandemic is fixed to often the White House, estimated that the united States will arrive in the month of October has exceeded the 200,000 dead.

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Events in the United States and as a

I very much appreciate reading The Cross, and it is for this reason that I permit myself the following note : I was surprised and, I admit, annoyed by the title of The Cross June 2 : “The cry of America’s black “, and by the recurrence “The American black demands justice “. As if only people of color were shocked by what happened. Of course, we can understand that “the American black” is particularly affected and shocked by what happened, but is not this to maintain a form of segregation that title as well ? As much as it is notable that a lot of Americans, and citizens of other countries (of all ” colors “) have expressed and manifested yet.

Jérôme Brunet

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Microsoft refuses to face recognition to the police

On a background of protests against police violence in the United States, the juggernaut of computing, Microsoft is committed. Thus, in the absence of legislation, it said on Thursday, June 11, that it will deny u.s. law enforcement access to its facial recognition technology.

→ REPORT. In the United States, the anger brings together the youth

“We don’t sell our facial recognition technology to police americans at the present time, and as long as there will be no federal legislation in the solid based on the rights of man, we will not sell this technology to the forces of the order “said Brad Smith, a top manager of Microsoft, during a round table organised by the Washington Post.

Beyond the use by the forces of the order, Microsoft plans to put in place mechanisms to assess the use made of this technology is controversial even outside of the forces of law and order, he added. “For the past two years, we have focused on the development and implementation of sound principles to help us in the use of facial recognition, and we have not ceased to seek governmental regulation, strong “insisted Brad Smith.

Amazon, IBM, Google, etc.

It is committed to working with other supporters of the legislation in this area and has indicated that Microsoft took advantage of the occasion “to strengthen the processes of examination of applications for our customers who wish to use this technology on a large scale “. Since the death of George Floyd, an African-American, was asphyxiated by a white policeman at the end of may in Minneapolis, businesses, and local and national authorities, are trying to respond to the pressure of the street and social networks.

Wednesday, June 10 already, Amazon has decided to ban the police to use its facial recognition software Rekognition for a year, to give Congress time to “to put in place appropriate rules “ use of the technology. On his side, on Monday 8 June, IBM had announced to suspend the sale of similar software identification and said he was “opposed to the use of any technology for the monitoring of mass, racial profiling, and violations of rights and freedoms, human basic “.

→ INVESTIGATION. Facial recognition, between fear and fascination

The other juggernaut of artificial intelligence, Google, was also expressed on the subject in January. During a speech in Brussels, Sundar Pichai, the boss of the group, had explained that Google would not provide turn-key service of facial recognition so that rules and safeguards were not put in place by the authorities.

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three statues of Christopher Columbus deteriorated

In the continuity of the anti-racism movement revived by the death of George Floyd at the end of may in Minneapolis, the desecration of statues of ancient figures related to slavery or the colonization continues. Thus, in the United States, a representation of Christopher Columbus has been beheaded in Boston, another vandalized in Miami, and a third pier in a lake in Virginia.

In Boston (Massachusetts), an investigation is underway but no arrest has been made at this stage, said on Wednesday 10 June, a spokesman for the local police. The statue of the Italian explorer is perched on a stele in the Christopher Columbus park, the heart of this city of New-England. It had already been vandalized before, the image of Christopher Columbus being challenged across the Atlantic for several years.

→ MAINTENANCE. Statues vandalized : “Only dialogue will allow the healing of memories “

The genoese navigator, long touted as the “discoverer of America “of , is now often regarded as one of the figures of the genocide of native americans and indigenous people in general. And denounced in the same way as slave owners or confederate generals during the american Civil war.

“This movement is powerful “

Dozens of u.s. cities have replaced the celebration in October “Columbus Day “ – became a public holiday federal in 1937 – by a day-long tribute to the “indigenous peoples “. But not Boston or New York, which have strong communities of Italian origin to which this day is a tribute.

→ MAINTENANCE. Statues of Schœlcher destroyed : in Martinique, the memory of slavery is still alive

“I found that it was well to capitalize “ on the wave of protests against racism currently affecting the United States, said Wednesday a jogger who was passing in front of the monument damaged in Boston. “All as Blacks in this country, the natives have been mistreated. This movement is powerful, and it (the beheading) is very symbolic “.

In a lake in Virginia

In Miami, Florida, is a statue of Christopher Columbus located in a park has been vandalized with red paint and inscriptions as “Black Lives Matter “ (” The lives of black matter ” in English, editor’s NOTE) or “George Floyd “before that, the police makes several arrests, according to the local daily newspaper Miami Herald.

Another statue of the explorer was shot and killed Tuesday, June 9 by demonstrators using ropes in Richmond, Virginia, and dragged up a nearby lake in which she was thrown. The governor of Virginia – a region where settled the first English settlers before it became the heart of American slavery – was reported last week want to debunk the faster another statue of the city, that of the commander-in-chief of the army of the south, general Robert E. Lee.

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Re-read “gone with the wind” and go back to the sources of racism in the United States

Gone with the wind

Margaret Mitchell

Translated from the English (United States) by Pierre-François Caillé, Folio, 784 and 832 p., 13 € each

New translation of the English (United States) by Josette Chicheportiche, Totem Gallmeister, 704 and 720 p. 13 € each

It would be unfair to disqualify the great novel by Margaret Mitchell on the pretext of beliefs carried by its characters and the society that it represents, in brilliant theater from the slavery. Other times, other mentality than those of this world, twilight of the end of the Civil war, including scenes that riled our minds of the XXIe century. But the book does precisely echo the beginnings of an evolution, of which the news presents shows that she has yet to accomplish.

American civil war, and racism

Describing the relationships involved affection, and of the domination of the Georgian families had with their ” people of the house “, he points out by contrast that the american civil war revealed another form of racism. More than in the paternalism of the landowners southerners such as O’hara, the racism of today do not draw-t-he not in those born at this precise moment of the post-1865, expressed in the contemption of some Northerners to” the negroes “for the liberation of which they had fought, and in the first hands of the Southerners founders of the Ku Klux Klan, in response to the equal civil rights of African-Americans ?

→ REPORT. In the United States, the anger brings together the youth

This captivating novel which many do not know that the film in 1939 by Victor Fleming (with Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable), it may be discovered in two new editions (1) that it is more than an epic romantic in the middle of the XIXe century. It is the table documented a pivotal time in the history of the United States, in its economic aspects, political and sociological. He is living the war of Secession since the double back-stage of the campaign – the cotton plantation of Tara – and the city of Atlanta, both in their spectacular and breathless metamorphoses : flourishing and carefree, then destroyed, then rebuilt.

The adventure of a free woman

But it is of course also and above all to the great adventure of a fascinating character, and tragic, Scarlett O’hara, a young girl, proud and determined, including the intense freedom contrasts with the ways of his contemporary. Married three times, in love with Ashley Wilkes and Rhett Butler, the fierce guardian of Tara, entrepreneur in a world built for men, Scarlett shocks and dazzles his world, as much as it arouses a feeling of sadness, in his pugnacity, and his blindness. The thick haze of this re-occurring nightmare that haunts him, which he will understand the meaning – its fourvoiement – in a ultimate burst.

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