The Czech Post must solve the fact that people in Moravia pay less than in Prague. She is facing lawsuits

The strategic state enterprise lost the court to its employee Petr Hradil. He sued the post office in 2016 because, as a driver employed in Olomouc, he received over four years a wage assessed by post by post of CZK 18,080, which was three thousand crowns lower than the wage paid by the post office to the driver Jan Smutný, who worked in Prague. The measured performance component of wages also differed by three hundred crowns. Smutný was later transferred as a driver to Brno, where he was assigned a lower salary – also 18,080 crowns.

The post office justified the payment of a higher wage in Prague, among other things, by saying that it was more complicated, more responsible and more laborious with regard to the size of the region and the operation in several parts and buildings. The Supreme Court has now rejected the mail appeal.


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“From the point of view of the principle of equal pay, there are no significant socio-economic conditions for assessing whether a job is the same or a work of equal value and the corresponding cost of meeting the living needs of the place where the employee works,” judgment. The courts have yet to decide on the method of settlement between Hradil and the post office.

In the meantime, the Post Office is acquainted with the verdict and will consider whether it will defend itself by filing a constitutional lawsuit. “The post office is of the opinion that it rewards employees according to valid standards. The methodology for calculating the tariff wage should be the subject of a broader debate, which would take into account the ratio between income and expenditure in different localities. This also applies to other companies from various industries, “Matyáš Vitík, a spokesman for the post office, told the E15 daily.


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The court thus set a significant precedent. “The verdict is the first of its kind, because so far the Supreme Court has only dealt with equal pay at the same or very close workplaces,” says lawyer Tomáš Procházka from Eversheds Sutherland. “The verdict has the potential to trigger an avalanche of lawsuits with employees,” he added.

This potential is to be fulfilled by one of the trade unions within the Czech Post SOS 21. In 2015, its chairman Petr Pohl announced that the organization would file a class action lawsuit against the post office on behalf of almost five hundred employees from Brno, Olomouc and North Moravia due to unequal remuneration of employees in the same positions. .


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However, the unions overtook the driver Hradil with their solo lawsuit, so they withdrew from the mass lawsuit and waited for the outcome of his trial. They know him today and want to respond to him.

“I will contact anyone who would like us to handle their lawsuits. I expect to submit them by the end of the year at the latest. I estimate that half of all the post office drivers, who are almost a thousand, will file a lawsuit, “Pohl told the E15 daily. Although the unions cannot file a class action in this case, they mediate the settlement of individual lawsuits with a law firm.

The post office does not face “only” hundreds of lawsuits from drivers. “If the driver succeeds in court, it is likely that he will succeed in other positions as well. At the lowest, the difference in wages in Prague and the rest of the country ranges from 2.5 to about 5.5 thousand per month, “claims Pohl, referring, for example, to couriers.


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Lawyer Procházka criticizes the current legislation. “It was supposed to prevent discrimination, and instead, through the court, it introduced economic nonsense in the form of equal wages throughout the Czech Republic,” he says. “If we want to take this rule applied by the Supreme Court to the extreme, for example, all workers in Škoda should have the same wages as in Volkswagen, Germany,” he adds. According to him, companies will either begin to circumvent the obligation or the Labor Code will be amended.

But the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs is not going to do that. “The Ministry does not plan legislative changes in the area of ​​equal pay for equal work or work of equal value, much less in connection with the Supreme Court ruling,” the ministry told Minister Jana Maláčová (ČSSD) when asked by the E15 daily.

The current wording of the legislation is also defended by the Czech-Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions. “The fact that some employers are violating it is not a reason to change the regulation. A driver in Uherský Brod cannot receive less just because he does not work in Prague. Should the remuneration of police or firefighters differ? No, “notes union leader Josef Středula.


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In rugby, measured wage agreements

The announcement did not go unnoticed. A drop fluctuating between 30% and 60% of his salary over the next four seasons: in total, it is 12 million euros that Dimitri Payet will abandon at Olympique de Marseille as part of the extension of his contract until ‘in 2024 announced on Saturday 27 June.

A “Considerable financial effort”, applauded Jacques-Henri Eyraud, the president of the club. And for good reason. Not many football players have made such a sacrifice since the start of the coronavirus pandemic.

The fall in wages was in fact the home of the cousins ​​of ovalism. The economic situation of rugby is such in the face of Covid 19 that the National Directorate of Management Control Aid (DNACG) had recommended at the heart of the containment a reduction in wages by 31%. It was a lot, and the clubs didn’t push the cursor that far. But the majority of them negotiated agreements with the players, the Union-Bègles-Bordeaux last in date confirming on June 25 an accepted effort of 20%, “One of the most important in French rugby”, welcomed Laurent Marti, president of the UBB.

Between 10 and 20% drop in the Top 14

If the negotiations are not finished at the Stade Français or in Bayonne and if the managers of Agen and Racing 92 preferred not to embark on this movement, the reductions oscillate elsewhere effectively between 10 and 20%. “We are the only discipline that can take advantage of such agreements, would like to emphasize Robins Tchale-Watchou, the president of Provale, the players’ union. The players thus show their sense of responsibility and it will be necessary to remember it tomorrow so that on other decisions, we take into account our opinion ».

More responsible than soccer players, the guys of rugby? “The framework is not quite the same, notes Jean-François Brocard, economist at the Center for Rights and Economics of Sport in Limoges. In rugby, there still remains a certain attachment to clubs and management stability which also explain the stronger relationships of trust between players and managers. They are much less in football where individualism and player trading prevail ”.

However, the current agreements are only a temporary solution to the nagging question of the overly large payroll that clubs are struggling with. To limit it and preserve the fairness of the Top 14, the “salary cap” system has certainly existed since 2010, imposing a cap on this payroll today set at 11.3 million euros. But with the crisis caused by the pandemic, some leaders are campaigning for a lowering of this ceiling. “We can lower our overall payroll because we are the country that pays the best players and we have no objective reason to do so as the competition is limited to England”, underlined Pierre-Yves Revol, the president of Castres, at the beginning of June. England, which has just reduced its own salary cap from 7.7 to 6.6 million euros.

The salary cap system to review

UBB President Laurent Marti is in fact planning to lower the ceiling in France from 11.3 to 9.3 million euros, along with the creation of a “marquee player”, a player with a very high salary which in each workforce would be extracted from the calculation of the payroll. “The subject can be put on the table but be careful not to want to make decisions too quickly, especially at this time when there are still many uncertainties”, avertit Robins Tchale-Watchou.

“The salary cap is a fragile tool with us and is regularly circumvented because, unlike in the United States for example where it was born for basketball, its ceiling is not the result of negotiation but an arbitrary calculation applying to clubs with very disparate budgets, four times less at Agen than at the Stade Français for example, explains Jean-François Brocard. For it to be effective, everyone would have to sit around the table to redefine the rules ”. And there, to get along, there is still a long way to go.

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In rugby, measured wage agreements

The announcement did not go unnoticed. A drop fluctuating between 30% and 60% of his salary over the next four seasons: in total, it is 12 million euros that Dimitri Payet will abandon at Olympique de Marseille as part of the extension of his contract until ‘in 2024 announced on Saturday 27 June.

A “Considerable financial effort”, applauded Jacques-Henri Eyraud, the president of the club. And for good reason. Not many football players have made such a sacrifice since the start of the coronavirus pandemic.

The fall in wages was in fact the home of the cousins ​​of ovalism. The economic situation of rugby is such in the face of Covid 19 that the National Directorate of Management Control Aid (DNACG) had recommended at the heart of the containment a reduction in wages by 31%. It was a lot, and the clubs didn’t push the cursor that far. But the majority of them negotiated agreements with the players, the Union-Bègles-Bordeaux last in date confirming on June 25 an accepted effort of 20%, “One of the most important in French rugby”, welcomed Laurent Marti, president of the UBB.

Between 10 and 20% drop in the Top 14

If the negotiations are not finished at the Stade Français or in Bayonne and if the managers of Agen and Racing 92 preferred not to embark on this movement, the reductions oscillate elsewhere effectively between 10 and 20%. “We are the only discipline that can take advantage of such agreements, would like to emphasize Robins Tchale-Watchou, the president of Provale, the players’ union. The players thus show their sense of responsibility and it will be necessary to remember it tomorrow so that on other decisions, we take into account our opinion ».

More responsible than soccer players, the guys of rugby? “The framework is not quite the same, notes Jean-François Brocard, economist at the Center for Rights and Economics of Sport in Limoges. In rugby, there still remains a certain attachment to clubs and management stability which also explain the stronger relationships of trust between players and managers. They are much less in football where individualism and player trading prevail ”.

However, the current agreements are only a temporary solution to the nagging question of the overly large payroll that clubs are struggling with. To limit it and preserve the fairness of the Top 14, the “salary cap” system has certainly existed since 2010, imposing a cap on this payroll today set at 11.3 million euros. But with the crisis caused by the pandemic, some leaders are campaigning for a lowering of this ceiling. “We can lower our overall payroll because we are the country that pays the best players and we have no objective reason to do so as the competition is limited to England”, underlined Pierre-Yves Revol, the president of Castres, at the beginning of June. England, which has just reduced its own salary cap from 7.7 to 6.6 million euros.

The salary cap system to review

UBB President Laurent Marti is in fact planning to lower the ceiling in France from 11.3 to 9.3 million euros, along with the creation of a “marquee player”, a player with a very high salary which in each workforce would be extracted from the calculation of the payroll. “The subject can be put on the table but be careful not to want to make decisions too quickly, especially at this time when there are still many uncertainties”, avertit Robins Tchale-Watchou.

“The salary cap is a fragile tool with us and is regularly circumvented because, unlike in the United States for example where it was born for basketball, its ceiling is not the result of negotiation but an arbitrary calculation applying to clubs with very disparate budgets, four times less at Agen than at the Stade Français for example, explains Jean-François Brocard. For it to be effective, everyone would have to sit around the table to redefine the rules ”. And there, to get along, there is still a long way to go.

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Minimum wage rises in more than 20 states and cities in the US – Telemundo San Antonio (60)

MIAMI – The minimum wage rose between Tuesday and the first day of the year in 21 states and 26 cities and counties in the United States, according to figures compiled by the National Employment Law Project (NELP).

The first employees to benefit from this increase were those who work in New York City, who as of Tuesday must receive a payment of at least $ 15 dollars per hour, while in the rest of the state it is $ 11.80 per hour.

New York is one of 17 jurisdictions where the minimum wage has risen to as high as $ 15 an hour that unions and organizations like NELP have been asking for for years.

But the increase is not limited to this start of the year, as throughout 2020 another 4 states and 23 cities and counties will reach the desired figure of $ 15 an hour.

In total, 24 states and 48 cities and counties will increase their minimum wages sometime in 2020.

In Illinois and Saint Paul, in the state of Minneapolis, they will increase the minimum wage twice this year, on January 1 and in July, the NELP noted.

In addition to Illinois, states that already have new minimum wages include Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, New Jersey and Washington.

The increase in the minimum wage will benefit about 6.8 million employees, according to figures from the Institute for Economic Policy.

Those who will see no change in their pay are employees under the federal minimum wage, which has stood at $ 7.25 an hour since it last rose to that figure more than a decade ago.

On July 24, 2009, the US federal minimum wage had its last hike and despite various attempts to increase this figure, workers will have to wait until they see the results of next November’s elections to try to achieve an increase.

One of those efforts was the House of Representatives’ approval in 2019 of the “Raise the Wage Act” project, which would have allowed the current federal minimum wage to rise to $ 15 an hour in stages, in addition to other protections.

But the hopes of workers in about fifteen states currently living on the federal minimum wage were dashed in the words of Senate leader Republican Mitch McConnell, saying the upper house was not going to vote on the bill.

Added to this was the White House notice that he would veto the measure if he reached his desk.

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Low earners get away the worst with short-time work benefits

Frankfurt The coalition committee has decided to increase short-time work benefits to 70 and 77 percent of the net wage loss from the fourth month. However, calculations by Lorenz Jarass from the Rhein-Main University of Applied Sciences show that high-earning employees on short-time work can already come up with replacement rates for the net loss of earnings of 80 percent – if you include tax effects that occur in the annual tax return. On the other hand, such effects hardly occur with low earners. The technical essay is to appear in May in the magazine “Der Betriebsberater”.

So far, short-time workers without children have received 60 percent, and those with children 67 percent of the loss of earnings after taxes and social security contributions. In fact, according to Jarass calculations, the bottom line is a lot more.

The range for the cases examined by him ranges from 67 percent to 81 percent. If short-time work benefits were increased, the effective replacement rates would shift upward, if not necessarily proportionately.

Why are the actual rates higher than the official rates?

The partial compensation of the loss of net wages is only approximate, in a generalized procedure. Because the actual tax deduction with and without short-time work is only determined at the end of the year in the tax return.

Since the tax rate also rises with increasing income, the effect of short-time work on net wages also depends on the income of a jointly assessed partner.

In the case of short-time work that does not last all year, the corresponding loss of earnings lowers the tax rate for the rest of the year. Employees are then reimbursed for overpaid wage tax. Since this is a direct consequence of the measure, this reimbursement, calculated over the short-time working months, can be added to compensate for the loss of earnings.

graphic

On the other hand, short-time work benefits are subject to progression. It is not taxed, but it does make the tax rate used to tax the rest of your income a little higher.

How much of their net income workers can effectively lose in short-time work can therefore only be determined by means of rather complex calculations for specific case constellations.

How does the effective reimbursement rate depend?

  • Children: Employees with children on the income tax card receive 67 percent of the short-time allowance, and only 60 percent without children.
  • Duration of short-time work: If short-time work is only carried out for a month, the tax savings for the year are only distributed over this one month. The rate of compensation for loss of earnings is correspondingly high. The replacement rate becomes lower with longer short-time work.
  • Income: Those who receive a higher salary benefit more from the lowering of the tax rate in the annual tax equalization because the reverse progression effect in the form of a lowering of the tax rate has a stronger impact.
  • Spouse splitting: Anyone who uses spouse splitting as a married single earner has a relatively low tax rate anyway and receives relatively little reimbursement due to the loss of earnings due to short-time work in annual tax compensation. If you have a spouse who earns a lot, you have a high tax rate and therefore receive a relatively high tax refund due to loss of earnings due to short-time work.

For his essay, Jarass calculated the effective net wage replacement rates for short-time work of 100 percent, if not at all. And for a period of one, three and six months, for single people with and without a child, and for married people with a child who are either single earners or have an equally well earning partner who is well disposed to work with them.

As a gross monthly income, he calculated the variants 2000 euros, 4000 euros and 6000 euros. With 6000 euros you are close to the contribution ceiling for unemployment insurance. Short-time working benefits are only paid on wages and salaries up to this limit.

Highest rates for high earners

According to his calculations, the replacement rates for the highest income group are highest. Married children with a gross monthly income of 6,000 euros and a partner who earns the same amount get a replacement rate of 81 percent for one month of short-time work. At six months it is still 79 percent.

The replacement rates for low earners are lowest. Lone earners with children with a gross monthly income of 2,000 euros are only compensated for the standard rate of 67 percent of the loss of net wages regardless of the duration of short-time work, since they do not have any favorable tax effects.

Low-income single people without a child receive a similar high compensation rate, even though their standard rate is only 60 percent.

The rates are lower for half short-time work

If the work volume is not reduced to zero, but to 50 percent, for example, the increase in the effective replacement rate due to tax effects is less pronounced. According to preliminary calculations by Jarass, which are to be included in another article, the annual net income of short-time workers who are 50 percent short-time working for six months is 300 to 900 euros lower than for those who are zero for short-time working for three months. Again, the higher the replacement income, the higher the income.

In his essay in the business consultant, Jarass points out that employees will generally not see whether and how much their short-time work loss in the annual tax return will be less than it initially appears.

Because for most, advertising costs and other effects lead to tax refunds or additional payments, which are offset against the reimbursements caused by the progression effects of short-time work.

More: 77 percent of metalworkers are on short-time work – IAB expects more unemployment. Read more here.

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Sevilla players reach an agreement with the club to reduce their salaries

The first template of theSeville Soccer Clubhas reachedan agreement with the club to reduce their wagesafter the Nervión entity received this Tuesday the approval of the application for the Temporary Employment Regulation File (ERTE) that he presented last Tuesday, April 7.

In this way, the agreement between both parties and the technical staff of Sevilla, in relation to their salaries for the current season, will serve to “mitigate the effects of the coronavirus crisisin the club’s economy, “Sevilla said in an official statement without offering the percentages agreed with the players.

“Together with the effort that will be made by the members of the Board of Directors and the club’s executives, it will allow them to see the compensation of the workers affected by the ERTE that the entity presented on Tuesday, April 7 and which has been approved by the Board of Andalusia this Wednesday April 15 “, adds Sevilla.

The club “will guarantee to all the employees affected by the ERTE the perception of around 95% of the salaryannual that they have foreseen in their contracts, “informed the Nervionense entity, who thanked” the solidarity shown by its players and coaching staff in a truly delicate period in which an economic adjustment has been necessary to safeguard the entity’s financial sustainability in the medium long term”.

“Likewise, the entity greatly values ​​the understanding and patience of its employees in this complex scenario in which decisions are deemed necessary, in an exercise of responsibility, as a security mechanism for our workforce,” concludes the release.

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The Government plans to pay part of April’s private wages – Summary 3

The Minister of Productive Development, Matías Kulfas, announced today that the national government “plans to cover part of the salaries of the private sector”, from April in the framework of the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production (ATP) before the delay of banks in granting loans to SMEs at a rate of 24% per year.

Kulfas justified these new measures, which would also include reduction and deferral of taxes, because “it is one thing to think of tools for a quarantine of 15 or 20 days, and another is now, when we already think about all of April; that is why we are working so that in early May there are resources to sustain work and production. “

And he added: “We see alternatives, the Central Bank has additional tools for this to be reinforced,” Kulfas said today in statements to the América 24 channel.

Likewise, Kulfas confirmed that “we are finishing studying with the economic cabinet” the inclusion of the monotributistas of categories C and D in the Family Emergency Income (IFE).

“Indeed, there is an important sector of freelancers and monotributistas who are suffering from the crisis, professionals who cannot open their offices and doctor’s offices, who bill zero or very little, and for whom we prepare tools that we are going to communicate in the coming days”, Kulfas assured.

On Tuesday, in a series of messages on his personal Twitter account, the minister highlighted the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production and explained that “the ATP was created to support SMEs that have affected their operation due to the health emergency More than 300,000 companies have already registered. “

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There is already an Argentine team that asked for help from the State to pay salaries

Ferro Carril Oeste, club that acts in the First National, is the first soccer entity to initiate the procedures to request the special Productive Recovery Programs (Repro) launched by the national government with the aim of assisting companies in the midst of the emergency. health due to the coronavirus pandemic.

This is a monthly financial aid to cover part of the employees’ salary, but in this case without including the soccer players.

The measure is aimed at SME companies, but Ferro was the first to request it among football institutions and could become a witness case for other clubs.

While defining joint strategies to overcome the crisis caused by unemployment due to the coronavirus, the clubs are beginning to study the tools made available by the State to be able to cope, at least, with the payment of their employees’ wages.

Although it is a tool that has been in force for years (it was created during the 2002 crisis in the management of Graciela Camano to contain layoffs), last week the Government relaunched the program under the name “Repro Assistance for the Health Emergency” , directly oriented to alleviate the crisis generated by the Covid-19.

This Repro is a non-contributory allocation to workers in industries who were forced to stop all their production circuits and also those who perform services and who, due to the express isolation decreed by the National Government, had to suspend the activity of all your personal.

Although the clubs are not companies, they are suffering from the crisis and have difficulties to face the payment of the employees.

The income of sports institutions fell sharply with the aggravating circumstance that there is no gambling and there is still no accurate picture regarding the return of football.

In this situation, Ferro was the first to approach the Government to try to benefit from the Repro, which are delivered by the Ministry of Labor of the Nation, while the Chief of Staff who defines whether or not to grant it.

“We are not a company, but the clubs are civil Associations that we employ and provide service to the community. That is why we presented ourselves to request Repro and they told us that we could enter the Program. This week, we made the corresponding presentation and we are waiting for the definition, “said Daniel Pandolfi, Ferro’s president, in statements to the Doble Amarilla website.

The Caballito club has about 700 employees, but the program has a peculiarity: it can be used only for workers in a dependent relationship. That is to say, those who are temporary and the monotributistas are left out.

Ferro requests state assistance to pay the salaries of some 250 eligible employees. It could receive from the State between 2.5 million and 4 million pesos a month, a benefit that cannot be requested for salaries of the players and the coaching staff.

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Eyraud wants permanent salary cuts – Around OM

Around OM | Published on 04/10/2020 at 07:28

The press review of Friday April 10

Eyraud wants permanent salary cuts
The sports daily evokes the current debate on player wages. Jacques-Henri Eyraud wants to go further than the compromise already found, because it finds that the negotiation was badly conducted and that these efforts should be carried out without carrying over cash. The Olympian president wants a radical effort with a consequent drop in some big salaries, and that this drop is final for some. He has already discussed this with Mandanda and Thauvin and conference calls are scheduled for Friday. Find all regional news in The team.

Baup: “We have gone too far in wages”
The regional daily publishes an interview with Elie Baup, currently confined to his family farm in Haute-Garonne. The former OM coach also talks about the problem of wages: “We are talking about football, but we see that this world lives on credit with a lifestyle that does not correspond to its income. We have gone too far in wages and everything else. There needs to be an awareness. It should European unity, we should take advantage of this to harmonize things “. Find all the sports news in Provence.

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