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Symptoms of lymph node cancer, know the causes and how to prevent it

Cancer illustration. ©2013 Merdeka.com/Shutterstock/Rashevskyi Viacheslav

Merdeka.com – The human body has lymph nodes that play a role in helping fight infections, whether caused by bacteria or viruses. Basically, lymph nodes are found all over the body. However, if there is a disturbance, the swelling condition only occurs in the neck area, armpits, and under the chin.

Launching from the Mayo Clinic, swollen lymph nodes are a condition when lymph nodes or pea-sized lumps containing white blood cells become enlarged. There are several signs that usually appear when the lymph nodes are disturbed, one of which is the lymph nodes feel hard when pressed.

In addition, there are several causes when the lymph is disturbed, such as infection, measles, HIV/AIDS, to cancer. Lymph node cancer is divided into two, namely Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

So, what are the symptoms of lymph node cancer and how to prevent it? Check out the review, which is merdeka.com, reports from Healthline:

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Symptoms of Lymph node Cancer

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As is well known, lymph is part of the lymphatic system which functions to fight viruses, bacteria, and germs. In fact, this gland also plays an important role in eradicating cancer cells and destroying harmful substances in the body. Even so, the lymph nodes can be dangerously disturbed if an infection occurs.

There are several symptoms of lymph node cancer which are usually characterized by swollen lymph nodes. The swelling can be in the form of lumps in certain body parts, such as the armpits, groin, and neck. In addition, there are several other symptoms of lymph node cancer, including:

• Fatigue that doesn’t go away

• Swelling in the lymph nodes

• Fever and night sweats

• Weight loss

• Cough and shortness of breath

• Itching

• Dizziness, headache and convulsions

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Causes of Lymph Node Cancer

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One of the causes of lymph node cancer is the presence of certain infections in a person. Certain infections from viruses and bacteria can be a trigger for lymph cancer.

There are several viruses that are able to infect the occurrence of lymphoma directly and some are not. For viruses that do not infect directly, they tend to do so by stimulating the immune system for a long time.

Family History

The cause of lymph node cancer that needs to be watched out for next, namely family history. Lymph node cancer or lymphoma is not associated with a family history and is not an infectious disease. However, you still have to be vigilant, especially if it is found that one of your family members is suffering from cancer.

Chemical material

Some studies show that chemicals can be the cause of lymph node cancer in a person. They view industrial chemicals, pesticides and even hair dye as a factor in the activation of lymph node cancer cells.

In fact, workers who are often exposed to chemicals will also have a risk of developing lymph node cancer. Simply put, farmers who often come into direct contact with pesticides will increase the risk of developing mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).


One’s lifestyle is one of the causes of cancer. Starting from blood cancer, breast cancer, to lymph node cancer. Especially if someone is an active and passive smoker.

Smoking is not only capable of causing mouth and throat cancer, this habit can also cause you to suffer from lymph node cancer.

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How to prevent lymph node cancer

Lymph nodes play an important role in the immune system. The presence of lymph in the body can help fight various diseases that can attack. However, if the lymph nodes become infected, this can be very dangerous to health.

Usually, when the lymph nodes are disturbed, several lumps will appear in the body. Therefore, if there are several characteristics of the lymph that is experiencing interference as above, you should immediately consult a doctor. In addition, there are several ways to deal with lymph disorders that can be tried, including:

1. Get enough rest.

2. Compress the area of ​​​​the lump or swelling with cloth warm wet.

3. Immediately take drugs that can relieve pain, such as ibuprofen, naproxen, or acetaminophen to reduce discomfort.

4. Gargle with salt regularly. This needs to be done if swollen glands occur in the neck area.

5. Avoid giving aspirin to children because it can trigger swelling of the liver and brain.



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